Guide to the Knights of the Ku Klux Klan, Butte, Montana Records
1924-1928

Print this Finding Aid | Email this Finding Aid


Results

Overview of the Collection

Creator: Ku Klux Klan
Title: Knights of the Ku Klux Klan, Butte, Montana Records
Dates: 1916-1931 ( inclusive )
1924-1928 ( inclusive )
Quantity: 2 linear ft. (2 boxes)
Collection Number: Ms 131
Summary: Records created by or received by the Kontinental Klan, No. 30 of the Ku Klux Klan, in Butte, Montana. The collection includes correspondence, publications of the Klan, and financial, legal, membership, and organizational records.
Repository: Eastern Washington State Historical Society/Northwest Museum of Arts & Culture
Joel E. Ferris Research Library and Archives

2316 W. First Avenue
Spokane, WA 99201
Phone: (509) 363-5313
Fax: (509) 363-5303
Email: archives@northwestmuseum.org

Languages: Materials are in English 
Sponsor: Funding for encoding this finding aid was provided through a grant awarded by the National Endowment for the Humanities.

Historical Note

The Knights of the Ku Klux Klan swept the United States in the 1920s, and the Pacific Northwest was no exception. Thousands of local men and women joined the Klan during this period, drawn by the moral platform ostensibly supported by the Klan. The announced enemies were vice and corruption, but their targets were Blacks, Catholics, Jews, and the foreign-born. Qualifications for membership included being “native born, white, Protestant, Gentile, and an American citizen."

The national organization of the Knights of the Ku Klux Klan was organized in 1915 at Stone Mountain, Georgia. The founders adopted many of the trappings of the nineteenth-century Klan, including exotic titles, white robes and hoods, and cross burning. Klan organizations around the country displayed a good deal of regional diversity, and Klan activity and influence also varied among states in the same region. The Klans in the Pacific Northwest were never as violent as those in the South or Midwest. Also, Montana and Washington Klans never enjoyed the membership numbers or political power that the Oregon Klan did. Estimates of Montana Klan membership, at its height in the mid-1920s, are a bit more than 5,000.

The Kontinental Klan was organized in Butte, Montana, in 1923. It was one of forty-some Klans or chapters in Montana. Butte was considered to be “the worst place in the State of Montana, so far as alienism and Catholicism are concerned,” according to Montana Grand Dragon Lewis Terwilliger.

Klan membership experienced a sharp decline in the late 1920s. The Klans in the Pacific Northwest, again, were no exception to the national trend. The entire Butte membership appears to have been transferred to another Klan in September and October, 1929, although correspondence of the last Kligrapp continues through 1930. Records from the Montana state organization continue through 1931.

Content Description

This collection consists of materials created by or received by the Kontinental Klan, No. 30, in Butte, Montana.

Use of the Collection

Alternative Forms Available :  

Microfilm copies are available at the Joel E. Ferris Research Library and Archives and at the Montana State Historical Society.

Restrictions on Access :  

Collection is not restricted.

Restrictions on Use :  

Collection is open for use.

Preferred Citation :  

Knights of the Ku Klux Klan, Butte, MT Records (Ms 131), Eastern Washington State Historical Society/Northwest Museum of Arts & Culture, Spokane, WA.

Administrative Information

Arrangement :

The collection is organized into the following series:

  • Correspondence
  • Financial Records
  • Legal Records
  • Membership Records
  • Organizational Records, including minutes
  • Publications and other printed materials
  • Miscellany
  • Newspaper Clippings
  • Women of the Ku Klux Klan

Acquisition Information :  

Purchased by Edward W. Nolan for EWSHS.

Processing Note :  

Processed to the file folder level.

Bibliography :  

    Holstine, Craig. "Marching as to War: the Ku Klux Klan in Eastern Washington in the 1920's" (Paper presented at the Pacific Northwest History Conference, Helena, Montana, 17 May 1985).


Detailed Description of the Collection

The following section contains a detailed listing of the materials in the collection.

Correspondence, 1923-1930,   (bulk 1927-1928)

Incoming and outgoing correspondence of the various officers of the Kontinental Klan.

Each office is followed by the name of the person who held the office and for what years.
Container(s)
Description
Dates
Box/Folder
1/1 Exalted Cyclops (John S. Kula, 1923-1924)
Correspondents include Charles Steele and Grand Dragon Lewis Terwilliger, including “Official Document No. 1” announcing the establishment of the Realm of Montana.
1923-1924
1/2 Exalted Cyclops (John C. Martin, 1924-1926)
Three letters, undated, allowing items to be removed from the “club.” In two letters the Klan is referred to as the Butte Men’s Literary Club, a name they used to hide their identity when renting meeting space.
undated
1/3 Exalted Cyclops (Walter Aitken, 1927-1928)
Correspondents include C. U. Brown from the Jefferson Klan in Whitehall, Montana, re allowing women to use men’s robes for a Klan parade in Whitehall; Imperial Klaliff H.R. Ramsey; Jack Stewart re nominations for school trustee in Butte; and Grand Dragon Lewis Terwilliger.
1927-1928
1/4 Kligrapp (W. Grant Hoage, April 1923-January 1924)
Correspondents include Imperial Wizard H. W. Evans and Grand Dragon Lewis Terwilliger.
1923
1/5 Kligrapp, Acting (Walter R. Olsen, February-May 1924)
Correspondents include Imperial Klazik Brown Harwood; Grand Dragon Lewis Terwilliger; Stephen Tighe from the Roundup, Montana Klan re Royal Riders of the Red Robe.
1924 March-June
1/6 Kligrapp (W. Grant Hoage, June 1924)
Correspondents include Imperial Kligrapp H.R. Ramsey and Grand Dragon Lewis Terwilliger.
1924 June
1/7 Kligrapp (Floyd F. Johnson, July 1924-January 1925)
Correspondents include Richard S. Akers, from the Wheatland Klan in Harlowton, Montana; William W. Casper, editor of The Montana Klansman; Acting Grand Dragon Don C. Evans; Imperial Wizard H. W. Evans; E.E. Hoge and L. D. Smith, both from the Baker, Oregon Klan; and Grand Dragon Lewis Terwilliger.
1924-1925
1/8 Kligrapp (James A. Bray, January-August 1925)
Correspondents include C. H. Barker from the Kalispell, Montana, Klan; Imperial Wizard H. W. Evans; the Pythian Castle Association re payment of rent by the “Butte Men’s Literary Club”; and Grand Dragon Lewis Terwilliger.
1925
1/9 Kligrapp (Carl A. Fuehr, August 1925-September 1927)
Correspondents include F. E. Duvall, from Missoula, Montana re the Provincial Picnic; Imperial Wizard H. W. Evans; Imperial Klazik H. K. Ramsey; Grand Dragon Lewis Terwilliger; and the Imperial Kligrapp re a new policy on Junior Ku Klux Klan membership fees.
1925-1927
1/10 Kligrapp (Albert W. Jones, September 1927-[1930])
Correspondents include C. U. Brown from the Jefferson Klan in Whitehall, Montana; Imperial Wizard H. W. Evans; former member J. A. Orrell, writing from California; Mrs. Clare Rawlings of Butte requesting help in regaining custody of her son, who was adopted; Carl E. Spetz from the Jefferson Klan in Whitehall, Montana re joint meetings of the two Klans; Grand Dragon Lewis Terwilliger; and several delinquent members re reinstatement.
1927
1/11 Kligrapp (Albert W. Jones, 1927-[1930])
Correspondents include C. U. Brown from the Jefferson Klan in Whitehall, Montana re joint meetings of the two Klans; Mrs. D. Cohn of Butte; Ed Davis of Butte re the Klan’s opinion of the 18th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution and becoming a member of the Klan; Imperial Wizard H. W. Evans; W. J. Sullivan, chairman of the Butte July 4th Parade, requesting permission for the Klan to be included in the parade; Grand Dragon Lewis Terwilliger, including a “Fiery Summons” flyer re a ban on wearing a mask or visor on helmets; John Thompson from the Bozeman, Montana Klan; and a response to a letter-to-the-editor re the Catholic Church.
1928 January-June
1/12 Kligrapp (Albert W. Jones, 1927-[1930])
Correspondents include C. U. Brown from the Jefferson Klan in Whitehall, Montana re joint meetings of the two Klans; Arizona Grand Dragon John Perry Dunaway; member Norman Le Fever, who moved to Arizona; C.T. Godwin from the Baker, Oregon, Klan re a prospective member; H.A. Johnson from the Helena, Montana Klan; Carl E. Spetz from the Jefferson Klan in Whitehall, Montana; Grand Dragon Lewis Terwilliger; Harry M. Watson from the Deer Lodge, Montana Klan; and letters re bringing in U.S. Marshall deputies to help supervise the election in Butte.
1928 July-December
1/13 Kligrapp (Albert W. Jones, 1927-[1930])
Correspondents include C. U. Brown from the Jefferson, Klan in Whitehall, Montana; Mrs. D. Cohn of Butte, including a “souvenir” anti-Al Smith card; Imperial Wizard H. W. Evans; Silver Bow County Attorney Harrison J. Freebourn re the Klan’s stand for law enforcement; G. H. Hinds from the Spokane, Washington Klan re E. B. Craney; Jones’s mother, Velinda Jones, thanking “Albert’s friends” for sending flowers; a letter from member James L. Parker from Galen, Montana [the state tuberculosis sanitarium] thanking Jones for sending a box of cigars; Judge E. B. Quackenbush, Washington Grand Dragon; Imperial Klaliff H. K. Ramsey; and Montana Grand Dragon Lewis Terwilliger.
1929
1/14 Kligrapp (Albert W. Jones, 1927-[1930])
Correspondents include Imperial Klaliff H. K. Ramsey and Grand Dragon Lewis Terwilliger.
1930
1/15 Corresponding Secretary [Butte Women of the Ku Klux Klan?]
Letter to Mrs. D. Cohn, from Inez H. Keppner, Corresponding Secretary, re a letter written by Mrs. Cohn on the correct use of the flag, and a carbon typescript copy.
1923 April 23

^ Return to Top

Financial Records, 1922-1929

The Financial Records series consists of an account book, bank records (bank statements, cancelled checks, deposit slips, and savings account passbooks), a cash book, several financial reports, an inventory, invoices, one page from a ledger, orders for general supplies and for robes, receipts, and warrants. The bank statements, cancelled checks, receipts, and warrants are missing for 1927.

Container(s)
Description
Dates
Box/Folder
1/16 Account book: Klabee
July 6, 1924-April 13, 1926; October 27, 1927; shows amounts in the General Fund and Special Fund, and orders paid.
1924-1927
Bank records
Bank statements, deposit slips, invoices, and receipts arranged chronologically.Cancelled checks arranged numerically by check number.
Box/Folder
1/17 Bank statements 1924
1/18 Bank statements 1925
1/19 Bank statements 1926
1/20 Bank statements 1928
1/21 Cancelled checks 1923
1/22 Cancelled checks 1924
1/23 Cancelled checks 1925
1/24 Cancelled checks 1926
1/25 Cancelled checks 1928
1/26 Deposit slips 1923
1/27 Deposit slips 1924
1/28 Deposit slip 1927
1/29 Deposit slips 1928
1/30 Passbooks for bank savings account.
October 24, 1923-October 24, 1924; October 27, 1927-September 14, 1928
1923-1928
1/31 Cash book: Kligrapp
April 27, 1923-June 8, 1926; shows dates meetings were held, amounts collected for Klan dues, the special fund (mostly for robes), and Klectokon (initiation) fees, and amount paid to the Klabee.
1923-1926
Financial Reports
Box/Folder
1/32 Grand Dragon of the Realm of Montana
September 1, 1924; September 1, 1925; June 1, 1928; October 1, 1929 [a copy was sent to each Klan in Montana].
1924-1929
1/33 Financial report: “Klan K-Duo Financial Report”
Form reporting total amount collected from applicants and total amount remitted for the week ending May 16, 1925.
1925
1/34 Inventory
Office items as of June 30, 1925
1925
Invoices
Box/Folder
1/35 Invoices 1923
1/36 Invoices 1924
1/37 Invoices 1925
1/38 Invoices 1926
1/39 Invoices 1927
1/40 Invoices 1928
1/41 Invoices 1929
1/42 Ledger
One page from a ledger showing debits and credits for January 20-July 28, 1925 [warrants listed correspond to the warrants in Folder 53].
1925
Orders
Box/Folder
1/43 General supplies
Order forms ordering Klan materials from the national organization, October 9, 1924-April 14, 1925; June 28-October 15, 1928.
1924-1928
1/44 Robes
Order forms and stubs; a few order forms give robe and hat measurements, the stubs show that robe fees had been paid.
1924-1925
1/45 Robes
Order forms for robes and helmets, sent to the national organization, March 4, 1924-January 11, 1926.
1924-1926
Receipts
Box/Folder
1/46 Receipts 1922-1923
1/47 Receipts 1924
1/48 Receipts 1925
1/49 Receipts 1927
1/50 Receipts 1928
1/51 Receipts 1929
Warrants
Box/Folder
1/52 Warrants 1924
1/53 Warrants 1925
1/54 Warrants 1926

^ Return to Top

Legal Records, 1928

Two surety bonds for the Klabee (treasurer) and the Kligrapp (secretary) compose the Legal Records series. The national organization required these two officers to be bonded.

Container(s)
Description
Dates
Surety bonds
Box/Folder
1/55 Klabee
Surety bond for Klabee Charles Steele [the national organization required individual Klan officers to be bonded].
1928 February 15
1/56 Kligrapp
Surety bond for Kligrapp Albert W. Jones.
1928 February 15

^ Return to Top

Membership Records, 1923-1929

The Membership Records series consists of applications for membership, dues stubs, membership reports, lists of members, a “Membership and Dues Record” book, membership record cards, and member transfers. The major listing of members is the “Membership and Dues Record,” although after a certain point new members do not seem to have been added. The membership record cards is the major listing of members after that point. A great deal of membership information also may be found in the correspondence files and in the minutes.

Container(s)
Description
Dates
Applications for membership
Box/Folder
1/57 K-Duo
Two applications: Albert W. Jones and Charles Lanterman.
1928
1/58 K-Uno
One application: John Barney Kautzman.
1925
1/59 K-Uno
Two applications: Isaac A. Laird and Albert W. Jones.
1926
1/60 K-Uno
Three applications: Chester C. Cavanaugh, Charles Mitchell, and George R. Mattics.
1927
1/61 K-Uno
Ten applications: Donald C. Stewart, Willis D. Wayman, R.R. Percival, Luther E. Kelley, S. R. Cook, Edgar B. Horton, Harry Bennetts, Charles A. Anderson, Ernest John Hoskin, and William John Trewhella.
1928
1/62 K-Uno
One application: Roy G. Williams.
1929
Box/Folder
1/63 Application reports: K-Duo
Application report, [1924], and for the week ending May 16, 1925, for Klan members applying for membership in the Order of Knights Kamellia or K-Duo.
1924-1925
Dues stubs
Box/Folder
1/64 K-Trio
Dues stubs, with several membership cards still attached; arranged chronologically by date dues were paid.
1928
1/65 K-Uno
Dues stubs, with several membership cards still attached; arranged chronologically by date dues were paid.
1926
1/66 K-Uno
Dues stubs, with several membership cards still attached; arranged chronologically by date dues were paid.
1927
1/67 K-Uno
Dues stubs, with several membership cards still attached; arranged chronologically by date dues were paid.
1928
1/68 K-Uno
Dues stubs, with several membership cards still attached; arranged chronologically by date dues were paid.
1929
“Kligrapp’s Quarterly Report”
Box/Folder
1/69 “Kligrapp’s Quarterly Report” [on membership]
Report to the state headquarters; shows number of new members, number in good standing, and numbers initiated, reinstated, suspended, transferred, died, or banished, and “taxes” collected; 3rd and 4th quarters have attachments, which include the names of new, reinstated, and suspended members.
1924
1/70 “Kligrapp’s Quarterly Report” [on membership]
4th quarter report is missing; the other three quarters have attachments, which include the names of new, reinstated, and suspended members.
1925
1/71 “Kligrapp’s Quarterly Report” [on membership] 1926
1/72 “Kligrapp’s Quarterly Report” [on membership] 1927
1/73 “Kligrapp’s Quarterly Report” [on membership]
3rd and 4th quarters include names of reinstated and suspended members.
1928
1/74 “Kligrapp’s Quarterly Report” [on membership]
4th quarter report is missing; the other three quarters include names of naturalized, reinstated, and suspended members.
1929
1/75 Lapsed, suspended, and reinstated members, and resignations
Folder includes cards on individual members and lists; the numbers on the cards and lists do not match the member numbers used in the “Membership and Dues Record” in Folder 78.
1923-1926
List of Members
Box/Folder
1/76 List of members
Photocopy list of members as of June 30, 1924.
1924
1/77 List of members: K-Trio
Two lists of members in 1928.
1928
1/78 “Membership and Dues Record” book
Arranged alphabetically by last name of member, includes member’s number, year “naturalized” (joined), age, color of hair and eyes, height and weight, marital status, and dues paid.
1923-1928
Membership record cards
Box/Folder
2/79 Membership record cards
Arranged alphabetically by last name of the member, includes name, home address, employer, business address, signatures of three endorsers, the three meeting dates at which the person’s name was read, and whether he was elected or rejected [several were “objected to” and did not become members].
1925-1928
2/80 Membership record cards: K-Duo
Fancy card for the member to carry.
1924
2/81 “Petition for Citizenship in the Invisible Empire” of George H. Fitschen 1926
Transfers
Box/Folder
2/82 Floyd S. Cofer
“Transfer or Demit Form” and photocopy of an April 18, 1925 letter re the transfer of Cofer to Livingston.
1925
2/83 Clifton C. Dorris
“Transfer or Demit Form” and photocopy of a June 14, 1925 letter re the transfer of Dorris to Kalispell.
1925
2/84 S.J. Beach
Photocopy of a letter, August 12, 192[5] to the Kontinental Klan Kligrapp, and a letter, August 31, 1925 from C. Linde, Kligrapp of the Saginaw County Klan in Michigan re the transfer of Beach to Butte.
1925
2/85 Walter R. Olsen
Letter, April 16, 1926 from E. B. Quackenbush, Washington State Grand Dragon, to Lewis Terwilliger, requesting transfer for Olsen to Spokane.
1926
2/86 John C. Martin
“Transfer Form” and photocopy of a June 27, 1927 letter re the transfer of Martin to Alabama
1927
2/87 Transfers
List of transfers in September and October 1929.
1929
2/88 Miscellaneous lists of names
Function unknown.
circa 1927-1928

^ Return to Top

Organizational Records, 1921-1930

The Organizational Records series contains bylaws and amendments, committee records, meeting attendance lists, minutes of the state Klorero (conventions) and of the Butte Konklaves (chapter meetings), and lists of officers. The minutes of the konklaves contain a great deal of membership information since the names of prospective members needed to be read to the membership at three meetings before being accepted. The minutes, therefore, also contain information about applicants who were rejected.

Container(s)
Description
Dates
Box/Folder
2/89 Bylaws and amendments
Bylaws, adopted February 1924, received by the Grand Dragon March 1, 1924; bylaws, adopted October 10, 1927, received by the Grand Dragon April 21, 1928; proposed amendment to the bylaws, January 25, 1928; proposed amendments to the bylaws, March 19, 1928, returned by the Grand Dragon March 4, 1929; and proposed amendments to the bylaws, n.d.
1924-1928
2/90 “Charter Petition”
Blank copy of the form.
circa 1921
Committees
Box/Folder
2/91 Propaganda Committee
The Committee was appointed to promote membership.
undated
2/92 Relief Committee
Recommendations: the committee was appointed to recommend means for the relief of needy members.
1924 February 24
2/93 School Committee
Re the People’s School Party campaign for school trustees for School District No. 1 in Butte, election of April 7, 1928.
1928
Meeting attendance
Box/Folder
2/94 Meeting attendance
Lists, by member number, of who attended 1924-1926 meetings for July 19, 1924-September 22, 1926.
1924-1926
2/95 Meeting attendance
Lists, by name, of officers and members who attended meetings for July 11, 1928-May 22, 1929
1928-1929
Minutes
Box/Folder
2/96 K-Duo 1925 February 28-May 14
2/97 Klorero
The state organizational meeting held in Livingston, September 16, 1923.
1923
2/98 Klorero
Held in Billings, August 24, 1924.
1924
2/99 Klorero
Held in Helena, September 6, 1925.
1925
2/100 Klorero
Held in Great Falls, August 14, 1927.
1927
2/101 Klorero
Held in Helena, June 16-17, 1928.
1928
2/102 Klorero
Held in Missoula, October 20, 1929.
1929
2/103 Klorero
Held in Great Falls, August 2, 1930.
1930
2/104 Konklaves
April 29-December 26, 1923
1923
2/105 Konklaves
January 9-December 16, 1924
1924
2/106 Konklaves
January 3-December 22, 1925
1925
2/107 Konklaves
January 12-December 24, 1926
1926
2/108 Konklaves
January 12-December 28, 1927
1927
2/109 Konklaves
January 11-December 12, 1928
1928
2/110 Konklaves
January 9-May 22, 1929
1929
2/111 Officers
Three lists of officers: one of officers serving until July 1, 1925, one of officers elected May 19, 1925, and one of the May 19 list annotated with newer officers.
1925
2/112 Voting tally 1928

^ Return to Top

Publications, 1916,, 1921-1931

Publications purchased by or received by the Kontinental Klan.

Arranged alphabetically by publisher.
Container(s)
Description
Dates
Box/Folder
2/113 Bozeman Klansman: How to Tell a Klansman: Inside Facts as I Found Them
“Printed by a Bozeman Klansman”
undated
2/114 Carolina Citizen: Inside Story of Mer Rouge: Newspaper Reports Exaggerated: Whole Trouble Due to Feud Between Catholics and Ku Klux Klan
Reprinted from the Carolina Citizen, January 25, 1923.
1923
2/115 Elias, Arturo M.: Mexican People and The Church, by Arturo M. Elias
Printed by the author
undated
2/116 Fellowship Forum: Roman Catholic Crucifixion of William Suizer, by Adams Alle undated
2/117 Forum: Klan: Defender of Americanism, by Hiram Wesley Evans
Reprinted from The Forum, vol. 74, no. 6 ( December 1925).
1925
2/118 Haldeman-Julius Company: Rome or Reason, by Robert G. Ingersoll, et al.
Little Blue Book no. 129
undated
2/119 Independent Publishing Company: Flyers
Photocopies of flyers advertising a sacrifice sale and bargain books, included are anti-Papal books and regular national magazines.
undated
International Protestant Foundation, Inc.
Box/Folder
2/120 International Protestant Foundation, Inc.: KKKK: Why? How? What? Who? and You undated
2/121 International Protestant Foundation, Inc.: Tomorrow? 1927
2/122 International Music Company: American Hymns
Includes Klan songs, patriotic songs, and religious hymns.
undated
2/123 J. B. Carroll Company: Klan Oracle
Circa 1924, advertisement on back for Klan meeting in Belle Fourche in 1925.
circa 1925
Knights of the Ku Klux Klan, Inc.
Box/Folder
2/124 Knights of the Ku Klux Klan, Inc.: Ceremonies for the Reception of Great, Grand, and Imperial Officers undated
2/125 Knights of the Ku Klux Klan, Inc.: Constitution and Laws 1921
2/126 Knights of the Ku Klux Klan, Inc.: Constitution and Laws
“As amended by the Imperial Klonvokation at Chicago, Ill., July 1928.”
1928
2/127 Knights of the Ku Klux Klan, Inc.: Education. An Historical Treatise on This Most Important Subject From Its Inception to the Present Date, by Hiram Wesley Evans
Reprinted from The Kourier Magazine, vol. 7, no. 6 ( May 1931).
1931
2/128 Knights of the Ku Klux Klan, Inc.: Funeral Services 1925
2/129 Knights of the Ku Klux Klan, Inc.: Ideals of the Ku Klux Klan
Includes sections on The Character of the Organization, Racial Ideals, Citizenship Ideals, Patriotic Ideals, and Christian Ideals.
undated
2/130 Knights of the Ku Klux Klan, Inc.: Important Imperial Edicts and Documents, prepared by H.K. Ramsey, Imperial Klaliff 1930 March 26
2/131 Knights of the Ku Klux Klan, Inc.: Installation Ceremonies 1924
2/132 Knights of the Ku Klux Klan, Inc.: Klan Answers, by H. W. Evans
Mailed to each Klan by the Imperial Klaliff on July 23, 1929.
1929
2/133 Knights of the Ku Klux Klan, Inc.: Klan in Action: A Manual of Leadership for Officers of Local Klans
Mailed to each Klan by the Imperial Klaliff on July 23, 1929.
1929
2/134 Knights of the Ku Klux Klan, Inc.: Klan Today
Includes sections on What is the Klan?, What Has the Klan Done?, Why is the Klan Needed Today?, What is the Klan Going to Do Next?, Why Support the Klan? Mailed to each Klan by the Imperial Klaliff on July 23, 1929.
1929
2/135 Knights of the Ku Klux Klan, Inc.: “Klode card”
Songs for opening and closing meetings, plus a “Kloxology.”
circa 1922
2/136 Knights of the Ku Klux Klan, Inc.: Kloran [of the] Knights Kamellia
The “Book of the Klan” for the Knights Kamellia or K-Duo Degree; contains all the rituals and lectures.
1925
2/137 Knights of the Ku Klux Klan, Inc.: Kloran of the Knights of the Great Forest
The “Book of the Klan” for the Knights of the Great Forest or K-Trio Degree; contains all the rituals and lectures.
1928
2/138 Knights of the Ku Klux Klan, Inc.: Kloran [of the] Knights of the Ku Klux Klan
The “Book of the Klan” or the “White Book” for the Knights of the Ku Klux Klan or K-Uno Degree; contains all the rituals and lectures; 5th edition, circa 1916 [the collection contains one each for the Exalted Cyclops, the Kladd, the Klaliff, the Klexter, the Klokard, and the Kladd; all six are 5th edition, circa 1916; since all six are exactly the same, only the Exalted Cyclops copy was microfilmed].
1916
2/139 Knights of the Ku Klux Klan, Inc.: Kloran [of the] Knights of the Ku Klux Klan
The “Book of the Klan” for the Knights of the Ku Klux Klan or K-Uno Degree; contains all the rituals and lectures; 6th edition, circa 1928.
circa 1928
2/140 Knights of the Ku Klux Klan, Inc.: Kourier Magazine
the Klan’s monthly magazine: vol. 5, no. 5 ( April 1929); vol. 5, no. 6 ( May 1929); vol. 5, no. 7: MISSING; vol. 5, no. 8 ( July 1929); vol. 5, no. 9 ( August 1929); vol. 5, no. 10 ( September 1929)
1929
2/141 Knights of the Ku Klux Klan, Inc.: Official Monthly Bulletin
Issued by the Department of the Imperial Klaliff, October 1, 1926 issue
1926
2/142 Knights of the Ku Klux Klan, Inc.: Proceedings of the Third Biennial Klonvokation
Held in Washington, D.C., September 13-15, 1926.
1926
2/143 Knights of the Ku Klux Klan, Inc.: World Court: Questions and Answers undated
2/144 Pillar of Fire: Ku Klux Klan in Prophecy, by Bishop Alma White 1925
Rail Splitter Press
Box/Folder
2/145 Rail Splitter Press: Al Smith and the White House, by William Lloyd Clark
Clark was the Press’s editor
1927
2/146 Rail Splitter Press: Alter [sic] of the Prostitutes, by Linn A. Gale undated
2/147 Rail Splitter Press: “Announcing Special Heflin Issue of the Rail Splitter for November”
Flyer
undated
2/148 Rail Splitter Press: Gunpowder Plot, by B. Reeve undated
2/149 Rail Splitter Press: In Prison For the Faith, by William Lloyd Clark 1927
2/150 Rail Splitter Press: Jew and the Gentile Girl, by Billy Mayfield 1927
2/151 Rail Splitter Press: Kentucky Hell, by Mrs. C. K. Richardson and Lillie E. Burch undated
2/152 Rail Splitter Press: Key to Knowledge
Catalog of books for sale.
undated
2/153 Rail Splitter Press: Life and Character of Isabella, by Chase Roys undated
2/154 Rail Splitter Press: Menace of Al Smith, by William Lloyd Clark 1927
2/155 Rail Splitter Press: Messages of Love and Hate, by William Lloyd Clark 1927
2/156 Rail Splitter Press: Mexico’s Struggle for Liberty, by Gen. Plutarco E. Calles, et al. 1928
2/157 Rail Splitter Press: Outcome of Our American Life, by Rev. Justin D. Fulton undated
2/158 Rail Splitter Press: Priest in Absolution, by William Lloyd Clark 1927
2/159 Rail Splitter Press: Protestan[t’]s Catechism for Young Americans undated
2/160 Rail Splitter Press: Rail Splitter Book Catalogue Souvenir Edition undated
2/161 Rail Splitter Press: Three Things That Never Marry (Tract No. 20) undated
2/162 Rail Splitter Press: Woman’s Heroism, by William Lloyd Clark
W. Lloyd Clark’s tribute to the work of ex-nun Neva Miller Moss.
1927
Realm of Montana. Grand Dragon.
Box/Folder
2/163 Realm of Montana. Grand Dragon: Official Circular 1924
2/164 Realm of Montana. Grand Dragon: Official Circular 1925-1926
2/165 Realm of Montana. Grand Dragon: Official Circular 1927
2/166 Realm of Montana. Grand Dragon: Official Circular 1928
2/167 Realm of Montana. Grand Dragon: Official Circular 1929-1930
2/168 Realm of Montana. Grand Dragon: Official Bulletin
Name changed, same as the “Official Circular”
1930-1931
2/169 Truth and Light Publishing House: Immorality and Political Grafting of Roman Catholic Priests in the Philippine Islands, Extracts from Message of the President of the United States
[William McKinley] (transmitted to the Senate, February 25, 1901) [this is a reprint of the GPO document].
undated
United States. Government Printing Office
Box/Folder
2/170 United States. Government Printing Office: Charges Radio Trust Violates Radio Law: Text of Complaint of Radio Protective Association Before Federal Radio Commission
Remarks of Hon. C.C. Dill of Washington in the United States Senate.
1928 December 18
2/171 United States. Government Printing Office: Efforts to Involve the United States in War with Mexico
Speech of Hon. J. Thomas Heflin of Alabama in the Senate of the United States.
1927 March 1
Unknown Publisher
Box/Folder
2/172 Unknown publisher: Constitution of the United States undated
2/173 Unknown publisher: General Information About A Klansman undated
2/174 Unknown publisher: Some of the Accomplishments of the Knights of the Ku Klux Klan 1930
2/175 Unknown publisher: Ten Ways to Kill an Organization undated

^ Return to Top

Miscellaneous, 1923-1928

The Miscellaneous series consists of personal papers of Kligrapps Floyd F. Johnson and Albert W. Jones, materials from the 1928 election, including several anti-Al Smith writings, and three snapshots of unknown men in Klan robes.

Container(s)
Description
Dates
Box/Folder
2/176 Cryptogram (with solution) undated
2/177 “A Democratic Catechism”
Anti-Al Smith writing in question-and-answer form.
circa 1928
2/178 Johnson, Floyd F.
Personal correspondence with Dr. L. D. Johnson of Casper, Wyoming re Floyd Johnson’s attempts to be appointed Butte postmaster.
1924
2/179 Jones, Albert W.
Personal papers, including a blank membership form, [1928], and a membership card for the year ending December 11, 1928, for the Society of Protestant Americans; and a State of Montana hunting and fishing license, 1928, of C. S. Jones. [Albert’s father, Charles S. Jones, died May 2, 1929].
1928
2/180 La Bianco, Allan
Letter, undated, addressed to “Well Pal,” asking for help; La Bianco is writing from jail in Havre, Montana, where he is waiting to be deported.
undated
2/181 “National Klan Educational Program, March-April-May-June-July, Subjects and Schedule”
March: spiritual subjects, April: governmental subjects, May: civic subjects, June: educational subjects, July: patriotic subjects.
circa 1923
2/182 “The Obligation”
Anti-Al Smith writing.
circa 1928
2/183 Photographs
Three black-and-white snapshots of unknown men in Klan robes and hoods.
undated
2/184 Slate of state [Montana] candidates for the primary election, and for the general election
Included are ratings according to the candidates’ stand on issues important to the Klan; includes codes for the abbreviations used.
1928 July 17
2/184 Slate of state [Montana] candidates for the primary election, and for the general election
Included are ratings according to the candidates’ stand on issues important to the Klan; includes codes for the abbreviations used.
1928 November 6
2/185 Stationery samples and seal samples undated

^ Return to Top

Clippings, 1921-1929

The Clippings series contains clippings original to the collection and clippings from other sources. The clippings original to the collection are from the Butte Post, the Kansas City Kansan, the Searchlight, and from an unknown newspaper(s), probably a Butte paper. The clippings not original to the collection are from the Montana Historical Society Library’s vertical file on the Ku Klux Klan and from two Spokane newspapers regarding Klan happenings in Montana.

Container(s)
Description
Dates
Box/Folder
2/186 Newspaper clippings: Butte Post
Photocopies of clippings of three letters-to-the-editor of the Butte Post, written by Mrs. D. Cohn, and carbon typescripts of the same letters: “Flag Day,” [1923?]; “On Mother’s Day,” article dated May 5, 1927; “Patriot Wants Little Red School House Represented in Great 4th of July Parade,” [1928?].
circa 1923,; 1927,; circa 1928
2/187 Newspaper clippings: Kansas City Kansan
Photocopies of newspaper clippings: “Religious Schools Talked in Topeka,” October 20, 1926; “My Twenty-Four Hours, Benito Mussolini,” January 6, 1927; “Klan Officers Speak,” December 11, 1927; “Ranking Mason Coming,” December 11, 1927; “Klan in Annual Party,” December 11, 1927; “Ban on Religious Images,” December 11, 1927.
1926-1927
2/188 Newspaper clippings: Montana Historical Society
Photocopies of newspaper clippings from the Montana Historical Society Library vertical file; these clippings are not original to the collection: “Ku Klux Klan is Organizing,” August 8, 1921; “Suggestion for Target Practice,” September 23, 1921; “Ku Klux Klan is in Montana,” November 18, 1921; “Ku Klux Klan is Threatening Mr. Rankin,” March 12, 1922; “First Appearance of Ku Klux Klan,” July 10, 1922; “Missoula Ku Klux Klan Will Support Laws,” November 5, 1922; “Ku Kluxers Make Second Public Appearance,” June 1, 1923; “Fiery Cross is 4th Spectacle,” July 6, 1923; “Many See Klan’s Demonstration,” September 3, 1923; “Labor and the Ku Klux Klan,” April 18, 1924; “Independent Quits, Plant to be Moved, May 8, 1924; “Knights of the Ku Klux Klan and Women of the Ku Klux Klan: Their Principles and Ideals,” October 12, 1924.
1921-1924
2/189 Newspaper clippings: Searchlight
Photocopies of newspaper clippings: “Borglum and Stephenson Attempt to Re-Awaken Sectional Prejudices, ... Stephenson of Texas and Borglum of Connecticut Prove Klan Maxim That Neither North nor South has Monopoly of Vice or Virtue,” May 24, 1924; “Enthusiasm is Displayed by Miami Klan,” May 24, 1924; “Klansmen Can be Depended Upon,” May 24, 1924; “Greenville Klansmen Call on Revivalist,” May 24, 1924.
1924
2/190 Newspaper clippings: Spokane newspapers
Photocopies of newspaper clippings from two Spokane, Washington, newspapers, the Spokane Chronicle and the Spokesman-Review; these clippings are not original to the collection: “Legislator Gets K.K.K. Letter,” January 16, 1923; “Klan Disclaims Kidnaping Man,” January 24, 1923; “Deny Missoula Kidnaping,” January 27, 1923; “Ku Klux Invades Church,” January 29, 1923; “Ku Klux Invades Church,” January 30, 1923; “Orders Negress to Vacate,” February 6, 1923; “Montana Klansmen Meet,” September 4, 1923; “Klansmen Stage Night Spectacle,” September 21, 1923; “Butts to Shoot First Ku Kluxer,” October 22, 1923; “Shoot Any Ku Kluxer,” October 23, 1923; “700 Klansmen in Session,” May 24, 1924; “700 Klansmen in Session,” May 27, 1924; “Klan in Politics Rapped by Demos,” September 11, 1924; “Montanans Repute Wheeler,” September 12, 1924; “Democrats Hit Klan in Montana,” September 12, 1924; “Ku Klux Politics Seen in Montana,” December 20, 1925; “Montana Klansmen Parade,” August 6, 1926; “Montana Klan Vote Factor,” September 21, 1926; “Fiery Cross Near Billings Blazes Way ...,“ September 24, 1928; “Billings Sees Fiery Cross,” September 24, 1928.
1923-1928
2/191 Newspaper clippings: Unknown newspapers
Photocopies of newspaper articles from unknown, but probably Montana, newspapers: “Berlin Catholics and Reds in Row,” [1928]; “Fabulous Treasure Buried by Jesuits,” [1928]; Democratic and Republican tickets for 1928; Obituary of Ann Klassan, January 6, 1929, with handwritten note that Mrs. Klassan was “a wrecker of the Klan.”
1928-1929

^ Return to Top

Women of the Ku Klux Klan: Lillie B. Houghtailing’s Klan Papers from New York, 1928-1931

At the very end of the collection is a subgroup titled Women of the Ku Klux Klan. This subgroup contains material that belonged to Lillie B. Houghtailing, who was a Klan member in New York state. Some of the items are specific to Mrs. Houghtailing, such as a letter and contract allowing her to be a Local Extension Officer for the Women of the Ku Klux Klan, and her membership cards. The Publications are general Women of the Ku Klux Klan publications.

Container(s)
Description
Dates
Correspondence
Box/Folder
2/192 Letter and contract of Mrs. Lillie B. Houghtailing
Allowing Mrs. Houghtailing to be a Local Extension Officer for the Women of the Ku Klux Klan in the Penn Yan, New York area.
1931
2/193 New York Grand Dragon
Letter to Klansmen in New York State, from J. E. Galbraith, Grand Dragon of New York.
1929 February 2
Publications
Box/Folder
2/194 Constitution and Laws of the Women of the Ku Klux Klan
Adopted by First Imperial Klonvokation at St. Louis, Missouri.
1927 January 6
2/195 Kloran or Ritual of the Women of the Ku Klux Klan
Little Rock, Ark.: Imperial Headquarters [belonged to L. B. Houghtailing].
1928
Miscellany
Box/Folder
2/196 Membership cards of Lillie Houghtailing
An Identification Card, Second Degree, April 10, 1928; a Women of the Ku Klux Klan card, April 28, 1928; and a membership/dues card, April 1, 1929.
1928-1929

^ Return to Top

Subjects

This collection is indexed under the following headings in the Online Computer Library Center (OCLC) WorldCat database. Researchers desiring materials about related topics, persons, or places should search WorldCat using these headings.

  • Personal Names :
  • Ku Klux Klan--Archives
  • Terwilliger, Galbraith
  • Corporate Names :
  • Ku Klux Klan (1915- )--Montana
  • Ku Klux Klan. Kontinental Klan, No. 30--Montana--Butte
  • Geographical Names :
  • Montana--Societies, etc.
  • Subject Terms :
  • Montana--Race relations--History
  • Racism--Montana--History
  • Racism--Societies, etc.--Montana
    • Form or Genre Terms :
    • Correspondence
    • Manuscript Collections

      ^ Return to Top