Guide to the Samuel T. Hauser Papers
1862-1910

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Overview of the Collection

Creator: Hauser, Samuel Thomas, 1833-1914
Title: Samuel T. Hauser Papers
Dates: 1862-1910
Quantity: .2 linear feet
Collection Number: Collection 0283, MtBC, us
Summary: The Samuel T. Hauser Papers consist mainly of business correspondence and papers concerning his various mining and power company interests. Also included is a letter he wrote to his sister in 1862 during a trip up the Missouri River to Fort Benton and through the Bitterroot Mountains. Photocopies of a letter from Fanny Clark Fitzhugh to her daughter and a deed for the loan of a slave to Fanny's husband are also included in the papers. Hauser's certificate as the appointed commissioner to represent the Territory of Montana at the centennial celebration of George Washington's inauguration is also in the papers. Pictures of the 1908 wreckage of Hauser Dam and a photograph of Hauser are included.
Repository: Montana State University-Bozeman Library, Merrill G Burlingame Special Collections

P.O. Box 173320
Bozeman, MT 59717-3320
United States
Phone (406) 994-4242
Fax (406) 994-2851
http://www.lib.montana.edu/archives/
University Archivist
spcoll@www.lib.montana.edu

Languages: Collection materials are in English 
Sponsor: Funding for encoding this finding aid was provided by a grant from the National Endowment for the Humanities

Biographical Note

Samuel T. Hauser was born in Falmouth, Kentucky on January 10, 1833. In 1854, at the age of 21 he moved to Missouri to work as a civil engineer for various railroad companies. He became the assistant engineer in the construction of the Missouri Pacific and Northern Pacific Railroads. By 1862, he was the chief engineer of the Lexington Branch. That same year he traveled west, arriving at Fort Benton in June, crossing the country to the headwaters of the Columbia River prospecting for gold. By the end of 1862, he had settled in Bannack. Along with M. P. Langford, he organized a bank, S. T. Hauser and Company, in Virginia City in 1865, a business endeavor that did not last long. He proved much more successful when he organized the First National Bank of Helena the following year. Banks opened in Butte, Fort Benton, and Missoula as well. In 1893, however, the silver panic and nation-wide depression caused the bank to fail, forcing Hauser to close the doors of the First National Bank for good in 1896. Hauser also became involved in various mining companies. He built the first furnace in the territory of Montana at Argenta as well as the first silver mill with the Hope Mining Company. One of his largest mining businesses was the Helena and Livingston Smelting and Reduction Company. He joined with A. J. Davis and Granville Stuart to form the gigantic DHS Cattle Company, which became the Pioneer Cattle Company in 1883. In 1907, the Hauser Dam was completed on the Missouri River. The steel-plated dam collapsed only a year later. Politically, Hauser was one of the most influential leaders of early Montana history. In 1884, he served as a delegate to the Democratic National Convention. In July 1885, President Grover Cleveland appointed him as the governor of the Territory of Montana, but he resigned from the post after 18 months. Samuel T. Hauser died on November 10, 1914.

Content Description

The Samuel T. Hauser papers consist mainly of business correspondence and papers concerning his various mining and power company interests. Also included is a letter he wrote to his sister in 1862 during a trip up the Missouri River to Fort Benton and through the Bitterroot Mountains. Photocopies of a letter from Fanny Clark Fitzhugh to her daughter and a deed for the loan of a slave to Fanny's husband are also included in the papers. Fitzhugh was the sister of Captain William Clark and the grandmother of Hauser's wife. Hauser's certificate as the appointed commissioner to represent the Territory of Montana at the centennial celebration of George Washington's inauguration is also in the papers. Pictures of the 1908 wreckage of Hauser Dam and a photograph of Hauser are included.

Use of the Collection

Restrictions on Access :  

This collection is open for research.

Administrative Information

Acquisition Information :  

The Samuel T. Hauser Papers were donated to Special Collections by Robert H. Fletcher in 1964. This collection incorporates material formerly accessioned as collection 1393.

Processing Note :  

This collection was processed 2009 January 29

Additional Reference Guides :  

An alternative form of this finding aid can be found at http://www.lib.montana.edu/collect/spcoll/findaid/0283.html


Detailed Description of the Collection

Samuel T. Hauser, Letter to Susan Emeline Hauser, sister, 1862 August 26
Container(s)
box-folder
1/1

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Samuel T. Hauser, Business Correspondence, 1876-1881
Container(s)
box-folder
1/2

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Business Correspondence, 1887-1892
Container(s)
box-folder
1/3

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Business Correspondence, 1895-1899
Container(s)
box-folder
1/4

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Business Correspondence, 1901-1904
Container(s)
box-folder
1/5

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Business Correspondence, 1905-1910
Container(s)
box-folder
1/6

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Samuel T. Hauser, Miscellaneous Business Papers, 1894-1899
Container(s)
box-folder
1/7

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Business Papers, 1903-1906
Container(s)
box-folder
1/8

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Business Papers, undated
Container(s)
box-folder
1/9

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Helena and Livingston Smelting and Reduction Company, List of Stockholders:, 1895 July 16, 1897 December 13, 1900 April 20, 1903 October 8
Container(s)
box-folder
1/10

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Helena and Livingston Smelting and Reduction Company, Annual report to stockholders by president Samuel T. Hauser, 1905
Container(s)
box-folder
1/11

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Contract for loan of slave to D. Fitzhugh by Edmund Clark, 1812 January 1
Container(s)
box-folder
1/12

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Fanny Clark Fitzhugh, letter to daughter, 1820 July 6
Container(s)
box-folder
1/13

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Photographs, #1-4
Container(s)
Description
Dates
box-folder
1/14
1. Samuel T. Hauser
2-4. Hauser Dam wreckage 1908

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Certificate of the appointment of Governor Samuel T. Hauser to be a commissioner to represent Montana at the George Washington inauguration centennial
Container(s)
folder
Oversize 1

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Subjects

  • Personal Names :
  • Fitzhugh, Fanny Clark
  • Geographical Names :
  • Bitterroot Range (Idaho and Montana)-Description and travel
  • Hauser Dam (Mont.)
  • Missouri River-Description and travel
  • Subject Terms :
  • Dam failures-Montana-Photographs
  • Mines and mineral resources-Montana
  • Power resources-Montana
  • Form or Genre Terms :
  • Business records-Montana
  • Subject Terms :
  • Capitalists and financiers-Montana

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