Guide to the Herbert C. Holdridge papers
1953-1974

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Overview of the Collection

Creator: Holdridge, Herbert C. (Herbert Charles), 1892-1974
Title: Herbert C. Holdridge papers
Dates: 1953-1974 ( inclusive )
Quantity: 9.0 linear feet (7 containers)
Collection Number: Coll 124
Summary: Herbert C. Holdridge (1892-1974) was an author and presidential candidate, his main interests being conservative politics and fringe causes. The collection includes correspondence, background information for speeches, manuscripts, records for groups Holdridge founded, legal papers, pamphlets, reel-to-reel tapes, and copies of his published books.
Repository: Special Collections and University Archives, University of Oregon Libraries

1299 University of Oregon
Eugene, Oregon, 97403-1299
(541) 346-3068
spcarref@uoregon.edu

Languages: Collection materials are in English. 
Sponsor: Funding for encoding this finding aid was provided through a grant awarded by the National Endowment for the Humanities.

Historical Note

Herbert Holdridge was born in Wyandotte, Michigan, in 1892 and educated at the United States Military Academy, West Point, and Columbia University. Holdridge received an appointment as Assistant Professor of History and Social Sciences at West Point and also worked as a history instructor at Columbia University. He served as commandant of the Adjutant General's School, Ft. Washington, Maryland, and retired with the rank of brigadier general in 1944.

After his retirement, Holdridge became interested in fringe causes, conservative politics, the plight of Native Americans, and, in his view, the sinister influence of the Roman Catholic Church. He established the Holdridge Foundation for the Advancement of Social Sciences in 1953, and in 1957 founded another organization called Minute Men for the Constitution. As self-appointed president of this organization, he published two newsletters, News Notes and Reveille.

In 1958 and 1959 Holdridge announced his candidacy for the Presidency of the United States on an "independent, non-partisan platform." Sparse records of this campaign reveal his first attempts to elicit support from African Americans. He promised, if elected, to give $5,000 to each descendent of a slave. Little response came from the black community.

In 1960, Holdridge established the Constitutional Provisional Government of the United States, claiming that the Hopi Indians had never signed a peace treaty with the United States and therefore the Hopi constituted a sovereign nation. Holdridge established a new "legal" government and went through the motions of running it. It was beset with financial difficulties, which had not been overcome by the time of his death in 1974.

Content Description

The Herbert C. Holdridge Papers consist of approximately 3000 letters, 1954-1974; background material for speeches; manuscripts, including portions of an autobiography; organizational records for Holdridge's provisional government and other groups founded by Holdridge; legal papers; pamphlets; reel-to-reel tapes; and copies of Holdridge's books Fables of Moronia and How to Gain Freedom from Economic Slavery.

The collection includes five images dated from the 1930s to the 1960s. Four include tribal peoples and are assumed to relate to activism, including picketing the White House in 1959.

Use of the Collection

Alternative Forms Available :  

Collection is open to the public.

Collection must be used in Special Collections & University Archives Reading Room.

Collection includes sound recordings or moving images to which access is restricted. Access to these materials is governed by repository policy and may require the production of listening or viewing copies. Researchers requiring access must notify Special Collections & University Archives in advance and pay fees for reproduction services as necessary.

Restrictions on Use :  

Property rights reside with Special Collections & University Archives. Copyright resides with the creators of the documents or their heirs. All requests for permission to publish collection materials must be submitted to Special Collections & University Archives. The reader must also obtain permission of the copyright holder.

Archival material may contain materials with sensitive or confidential information that is protected under federal and/or state right to privacy laws and other regulations.

Researchers are advised that the disclosure of certain information pertaining to identifiable living individuals represented in this collection without the consent of those individuals may have legal ramifications (e.g. a cause of action for invasion of privacy may arise if facts concerning an individual's private life are published that would be deemed highly offensive to a reasonable person) for which the University of Oregon assumes no responsibility.

If a researcher finds sensitive personal information in a collection, please bring it to the attention of the reading room staff.

Preferred Citation :  

[Identification of item], Herbert C. Holdridge papers, Coll 124, Special Collections & University Archives, University of Oregon Libraries, Eugene, Oregon.

Administrative Information

Arrangement :

Collection is organized into the following series:

  • Series I. Outgoing correspondence
  • Series II. Incoming correspondence
  • Series III. Manuscripts
  • Series IV. Miscellaneous
  • Series V. Sound recordings
  • Series VI. Books
  • Series VII. Photographs

Acquisition Information :  

Gift of Herbert Charles Holdridge in 1965

Processing Note :  

Photogrpahs processed by Megan Dazey.

This finding aid may be updated periodically to account for new acquisitions to the collection and/or revisions in arrangement and description.


Detailed Description of the Collection

Series I:  Outgoing correspondence
Container(s)
Description
Dates
Box
Folder
1 1 Outgoing correspondence 1953
1 2 Outgoing correspondence 1954
1 3 Outgoing correspondence (mimeo) 1955
1 4 Outgoing correspondence 1956
1 5 Outgoing correspondence 1957
1 6 Outgoing correspondence 1958
1 7 Outgoing correspondence 1959
1 8 Outgoing correspondence 1960
1 9 Outgoing correspondence January 1961-June 1961
1 10 Outgoing correspondence July 1961-December 1961
1 11 Outgoing correspondence January 1962-March 1962
1 12 Outgoing correspondence April 1962-June 1962
1 13 Outgoing correspondence July 1962-September 1962
1 14 Outgoing correspondence October 1962-December 1962
1 15 Outgoing correspondence January 1963-March 1963
1 16 Outgoing correspondence April 1963-June 1963
1 17 Outgoing correspondence July 1963-September 1963
1 18 Outgoing correspondence October 1963-December 1963
1 19 Outgoing correspondence January 1964-March 1964
1 20 Outgoing correspondence April 1964-June 1964
1 21 Outgoing correspondence July 1964-September 1964
1 22 Outgoing correspondence October 1964-December 1964
1 23 Outgoing correspondence January 1965-March 1965
1 24 Outgoing correspondence April 1965-June 1965
1 25 Outgoing correspondence July 1965-September 1965
1 26 Outgoing correspondence October 1965-December 1965
1 27 Outgoing correspondence January 1966-March 1966
1 28 Outgoing correspondence April 1966-June 1966
1 29 Outgoing correspondence July 1966-September 1966
1 30 Outgoing correspondence October 1966-December 1966
1 31 Outgoing correspondence January 1967-March 1967
1 32 Outgoing correspondence April 1967-June 1967
1 33 Outgoing correspondence July 1967-September 1967
1 34 Outgoing correspondence October 1967-December 1967
2 1 Outgoing correspondence January 1968-March 1968
2 2 Outgoing correspondence April 1968-June 1968
2 3 Outgoing correspondence July 1968-September 1968
2 4 Outgoing correspondence October 1968-December 1968
2 5 Outgoing correspondence January 1969-March 1969
2 6 Outgoing correspondence April 1969-June 1969
2 7 Outgoing correspondence July 1969-September 1969
2 8 Outgoing correspondence October 1969-December 1969
2 9 Outgoing correspondence January 1970-February 1970
2 10 Outgoing correspondence March 1970-April 1970
2 11 Outgoing correspondence May 1970-June 1970
2 12 Outgoing correspondence July 1970-September 1970
2 13 Outgoing correspondence October 1970-December 1970
2 14 Outgoing correspondence January 1971-April 1971
2 16 Outgoing correspondence May 1971-August 1971
2 17 Outgoing correspondence September 1971-December 1971
2 18 Outgoing correspondence January 1972-June 1972
2 19 Outgoing correspondence July 1972-December 1972
2 20 Outgoing correspondence January 1973-April 1973
2 21 Outgoing correspondence May 1973-December 1973
2 22 Outgoing correspondence January 1974-May 1974
2 23 Outgoing correspondence June 1974
2 24 Outgoing correspondence Undated

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Series II:  Incoming correspondence
Container(s)
Description
Box
Folder
3 1 Unidentified
3 2 Adams, John C.
3 2 Agpaoa, Antonio C.
3 2 Anderson, Wing
3 2 Anderson, Wallace P. "Mad Bear"
3 2 Armstrong, Donald
3 3 Baker, Jerry
3 3 Banyacya, Thomas
3 3 Barr, Daniel
3 3 Bateman, D.C
3 3 Bednaz, Charles
3 3 Biggs, C.A
3 3 Bollinger, Lila J.
3 3 Bump, G.C
3 3 Burton, Austin
3 3 Bush, Colonel Willard (Michigan Indians Hunting and Fishing Rights Assoc.)
3 4 Carpenter, Craig
3 4 Carra, Juliane
3 4 Charlie, Jim
3 4 Cochran, Inez
3 4 Coulter, Art
3 4 Crabtree, Roy (Abu Timbel)
3 4 Crum, P.I
3 5 Deats, Kathryn
3 5 DeYoung, Garry
3 5 Drake, Cisco (Plastic Education)
3 6 Evans, Ruby E.
3 7 Federal Agencies and Offices (includes U.S. Senate)
3 7 Federal Reserve - Taxation
3 7 Fielder, Edna A.
3 7 Fox, George Emerson
3 7 Frazier, Raywood
3 7 Frazier, Ruth
4 1 Gaboury, Jane
4 1 Gilbert, Lee
4 1 Goudy, A.R
4 1 Government, foreign
4 1 Graeco, Paolo
4 1 Graff, Byron J.
4 1 Grant, Ethel
4 1 Grem, June
4 1 Grob, Marshall
4 1 Gross, Max and Lucille
4 2 Hall, Louis
4 2 Hanoka, N.S
4 2 Hansen, Edna V.
4 2 Henderson, James R.
4 2 Hill, Emerson
4 2 Holdridge, Dorothy
4 2 Holloway, Jane
4 2 Hunt, Clara June
4 3 Indian Affairs
4 4 Jack, Jensen
4 4 Jackson, Agnes I.
4 4 Jackson, Paula
4 4 Jaggard, R.S
4 4 James, Jessee Lee, III
4 4 Jeffers, Joseph (Kingdom of Yahweh)
4 4 Johnston, G.K
4 5 Kloeris, Juanita
4 6 Laube, Karl
4 6 Leslie, Edgar
4 7 Maichel, Pauline
4 7 Martinez, Julian
4 7 Mastbrook, Marie
4 7 Mayhan, Eva E.
4 7 Moody, Reynolds
4 7 Moore, Kathryn
4 7 Moss, Percy
4 7 Municipal Agencies and Offices (Gov't)
4 8 Nakhleh, Issa (Palestine Arab Delegation)
4 8 Norton, V.W. and Sons
5 1 O'Hair, Madelyn Murray
5 1 Orick, Will
5 1 Orrison, Dorothy
5 2 Pabawena, Dave
5 2 Parth, A.J
5 2 Powell, Colonel A.E
5 3 Ratynski, Meriam
5 3 Rodriguez, Cristobal R.
5 3 Ross, Esther
5 3 Runge, Alberto R.
5 3 Rutenbeck, Arnold
5 4 Sam, Joseph
5 4 Slave, Charles
5 4 Smith, Laurence (International Colonization)
5 4 Soni, Dr. R.L
5 4 Soni, Sujata
5 4 Sope, Tom (Chief Eagle Tail)
5 4 Stalcup, Alvin
5 4 State Agencies and Offices (Commonwealth)
5 4 Steiner, Frank S.
5 4 Szmak, G.
5 5 Tawangyawma, Ralph
5 5 Thompson, Elizabeth
5 5 (U.S. agencies and offices, see Federal agencies and offices)
5 6 Van Poperin, Joan
5 6 Vennard, W.B
5 6 Villa, Paul
5 7 Wallin, Carl
5 7 War Tax Resistance
5 7 Welch, Rachel
5 7 Wilde, Karen
5 7 Williams, Rose
5 7 Worthman, H.P
5 8 X-Y-Z- first name only

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Series III:  Manuscripts
Container(s)
Description
Box
Folder
6 1 A Teacher of Great Spiritual Truths
6 2 Economic Democracy-Spanish translation
6 3 My Other Lives-rough manuscripts

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Series IV:  Miscellaneous
Container(s)
Description
Dates
Box
Folder
6 4 "Banker's Magic" pamphlet, by Will Kindig
6 5 "Proposal for a Declaration of Mexico" copyright 1963 H.C. Holdridge. 5 p.
6 6 "The Golden Rule, Vatican Style," by Raywood Frazier. 1 p.
6 7 "A Report on the Albuquerque Incident and Subversive Use of the Occult" 8 p. January 27, 1962
6 8 "Memorandum on Yakima Indian Tribal Matters" by Warner, Sutton, & Warner. 5 p.
6 9 "Trail of Terror," 25 p. (photocopy)
6 10 "Constitutional Government of the United States" Staff roster
6 11 "Constitutional Provisional Government of the United States" policy Decisions. 5 p. (photocopy) February 18, 1962
6 12 "Memo" to General Holdridge. 2 p. (photocopy) March 3, 1962
6 13 Newspaper clippings
6 14 Photographs
6 15 Holdridge Foundation-Plan Club Meetings (minutes)
6 16 Minute Men of the Constitution, Inc.
6 17 Law Suits, complaint for mental illness suits
6 18 Speeches, Presidential campaign
6 19 Publications
6 20 Set of alphabetically arranged name and address index cards

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Series V:  Sound Recordings
Container(s)
Description
Dates
Box
Folder
6 1 Congressman Burdick on "The Federal Reserve System."
6 2 H.C. Holdridge on "Understanding" August 2, 1958
6 3 Holdridge at Washington D.C June 11, 1964
6 4 Label addressed to Holdridge (no subject listed on box)
6 5 H.C. Holdridge on "The Holdridge Plan"

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Series VI:  Books
Container(s)
Description
Dates
Box
Volume
6 1-2 The Fables of Moronia by H.C. Holdridge (2 copies) 1953
6 3-4 How to Gain Freedom from Economic Slavery (2 copies) 1961

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Series VII:  Photographs (PH075), 1930-1969
0.01 linear feet
Holdridge, Herbert Charles, 1892-1974
Container(s)
Description
Dates
Box
1 PH075_01: My friend Chief Standing Horse of the Ottawa tribe, he is the last of that tribe. (from Ohio). [Man with microphone sitting next to man in Indian dress]
1.0 photographic print
3.5 x 4.5 inches
1959 Aug
PH075_02: From Karin Wilde, in Berlin 37. Hein for fr. 6. [woman in fur coat posing with dog]
1.0 photographic print
4 x 3 inches
1937
PH075_04: near White House Picket Mar 19/59 [Man and woman in Indian dress walking on sidewalk near White House]
1.0 photographic print
7 x 5 inches
1959 Mar 15
PH075_03: [Holdridge, three other men and one woman posing for photo inside house, at least four are tribal]
1.0 photographic print
5 x 7 inches
1950s-1960s
PH075_05: This establishment is "Off Limits" By the Commander (Property US Army) [man and woman talking with 2 Army men on opposite side of fence]
1.0 photographic print
8 x 10 inches
1950s-1960s

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Subjects

  • Personal Names :
  • Burton, Austin--Correspondence
  • Frazier, Raywood--Correspondence
  • Graff, Byron J.--Correspondence
  • Hall, Louis--Correspondence
  • Holdridge, Herbert C. (Herbert Charles), 1892-1974--Archives
  • Pabawena, David--Correspondence
  • Corporate Names :
  • Holdridge Foundation for the Advancement of Social Sciences
  • Minute Men for the Constitution
  • Subject Terms :
  • Catholic Church--Controversial literature
  • Conservatism
  • Conservative literature
  • Hopi Indians--Land tenure
  • Indians of North America--Public welfare
  • Presidential candidates--United States
    • Form or Genre Terms :
    • Photographic prints.
    • Sound recordings

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