Marion Anthony Zioncheck (1901-1936) was elected to the United States House of Representatives as a Democrat from Washington State in 1932, the year of the Franklin Delano Roosevelt landslide. Zioncheck served in the 73th and 74th Congresses from March 4, 1933, until his death on August 7, 1936. He represented the First Congressional District, which encompassed Seattle and Kitsap County and he served on the Naval Affairs Committee.
A Progressive Democrat and a supporter of the Roosevelt New Deal, Zioncheck was an avowed defender of the "forgotten man." He stated during his campaign that he would not represent the interests of banks, power companies, and chambers of commerce when they conflicted with the interests of the working man, the farmer, or the small businessman. His papers provide evidence that he attempted to fulfill his promise. He supported the Wagner-Connery Labor Bill and the Federal Communications Act, took an active interest in veterans' and farm legislation, and worked for the passage of the Widows and Orphans Bill, HR 9936.
Zioncheck committed suicide on August 7, 1936, by jumping from a window of his campaign office in Seattle. Prior to his death, Zioncheck underwent treatment for mental illness. He had also been the subject of public censure and extensive publicity for his conduct in the House of Representatives and his personal conduct outside of Congress. Reportedly, Zioncheck felt himself a personal failure in his frustrated attempts at political reform.
These papers document the political activities of Marion A. Zioncheck, Democratic representative to the United States Congress for the First Congressional District of Washington State, 1933-1936. The materials offer insight into several of the controversies that marked Zioncheck's political career, including his denunciation of J. Edgar Hoover in a speech given on the House floor in 1936, and factional disputes within the Washington State Democratic Party in the 1930s. The materials also describe Zioncheck's accomplishments in the House as a freshman Congressman.
The bulk of the collection consists of political and legislative correspondence from 1932 to 1936. Also included are campaign literature, speech drafts and related data, legislation, clippings, newsletters, reports, and other ephemera.
Restrictions on Access :
The papers are open to all users.Restrictions on Use :
The creator's literary rights have not been transferred to the University of Washington Libraries.Preferred Citation :
[Title of item], [date of item if known], [box/folder number], Marion Zioncheck Papers, [Accession No.], University of Washington Libraries.
Arranged into 3 accessions:
Detailed Description of the Collection
.02 cubic feet ( 7 items)
This accession contains clippings, negative photostats of the clippings, and one item of correspondence, 1936.
1.68 cubic feet ( 4 boxes)
Arranged in 5 series:
The bulk of this accession is correspondence documenting Zioncheck's political activities in United States Congress and in the Washington State Democratic Party. Some highlights of this correspondence include letters Zioncheck received in response to his denunciation of J. Edgar Hoover in 1936, as well as letters documenting internal disputes within the Democratic organization in King and Kitsap counties between 1933 and 1936. In Kitsap County Zioncheck was drawn into a battle, ostensibly over postmaster appointments, between two factions of the party. He was denounced in a February 18, 1936, resolution of the Kitsap County Democratic Executive Committee for misconduct and for breaking faith with the committee.
The accession also includes files containing endorsements Zioncheck solicited from other members of Congress for campaign purposes, 1933-1934. These files contain numerous favorable recommendations of Zioncheck and descriptions of his achievements as a freshman congressman, including his service to the Consent Calendar and Private Calendar Committee. In this capacity he was required to read and report on every bill which appeared on the calendar. Several of his colleagues reported that he performed this duty with distinction.
In addition to these files, the accession contains ephemera, clippings, and drafts of speeches and writings, 1932-1936.
.21 cubic feet ( 1 box)
Arranged by type of document.
This accession contains correspondence regarding the proposed Alaska Highway, annual reports, newsletters and bulletins, ephemera, and other miscellany, 1926-1936.