Guide to the Bear River Migratory Bird Refuge photographs,
1927-1985 1927-1950

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Overview of the Collection

Creator: U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
Title: Bear River Migratory Bird Refuge photographs,
Dates: 1927-1979 ( inclusive )
1927-1950 ( bulk )
Quantity: 15 boxes (9.5 linear ft. )
Collection Number: USU_P0020
Summary: The Bear River Migratory Bird Refuge photograph collection consists of over 3,000 photographs and negatives that document the earliest operations of the refuge in the 1920s and 1930s including the construction of dikes, canals, and service buildings. Also included are images that document duck Botulism, the Bear River Gun Club, fishing and fish kills (due to rhotenone), tourism and interpretation, various birds, personnel and the facilities and equipment of the refuge from the 1920s to the 1980s.
Repository: Utah State University. Merrill-Cazier Library. Special Collections and Archives
Photograph Collection

Merrill-Cazier Library
Utah State University
3000 Old Main Hill
Logan, UT 84322-3000
Phone: 435 797-2663
Fax: 435 797-2880
Email: scweb@usu.edu

Languages: Collection materials are in English. 
Sponsor: Library Services and Technology Act (LSTA) grant, 2007-2008

Historical Note

In April 1928 the U.S. Congress set aside roughly 64,000 acres of the marshy area at the delta of the Bear River and the Great Salt Lake as a migratory bird refuge. This act was accomplished largely through the efforts of Alexander Wetmore and over concerns with Botulism that killed tens of thousands of birds in the 1920s. Before 1928 the area was popular among hunters who established several private duck clubs including the Bear River, Duckville, and Chesapeake. In the 1930s a series of dikes (to create habitat and protect against salt water intrusion) and service buildings were constructed. The buildings and dike system, however, were destroyed by rising water in the mid-1980s. Between 1990 and 2000 the dike system was rebuilt and in 2004 the U.S. Fish and Wildlife service created a new visitor education center and office complex.

Content Description

The Bear River Migratory Bird Refuge photograph collection consists of over 3,000 photographs and negatives that document the earliest operations of the refuge in the 1920s and 1930s including the construction of dikes, canals, and service buildings. Also included are images that document duck Botulism, the Bear River Gun Club, fishing and fish kills (due to rhotenone), tourism and interpretation, various birds, personnel and the facilities and equipment of the refuge from the 1920s to the 1980s.

Use of the Collection

Restrictions on Access :  Restrictions

Open to public research.

Restrictions on Use :  Copyright

It is the responsibility of the user to obtain permission to publish from the owner of the copyright (the institution, the creator of the record, the author or his/her transferees, heirs, legates, or literary executors). The user agrees to indemnify and hold harmless the Utah State University Libraries, its officers, employees, and agents from and against all claims made by any person asserting that he or she is an owner of copyright.

Permission to publish material from the Bear River Migratory Bird Refuge Photographs must be obtained from the Special Collections Photograph Curator and/or the Special Collections Department Head.

Alternative Forms Available :  

View selected digitized images in this collection from the Bear River Watershed Historical Collection.

Preferred Citation :  

Bear River Migratory Bird Refuge photographs (P0020) Utah State University. Special Collections & Archives Department.

Administrative Information

Arrangement :

Collection is organized into a processed and unprocessed sections. Processed photographs arranged numerically by assigned image number. Unprocessed materials are housed in boxes 14-15.

Acquisition Information :  

The materials in this collection were donated to USU Special Collections in 2005 by Mary Frances Hatch Gordon, the daughter of Hezekiah Sumner Hatch.

Processing Note :  

Register completed by Emily Allen Monson, 1997, revised by Rebecca Ruelle, 2003, and Daniel Davis, 2006.

Related Materials :  

  • Compton Studio collection (P0313)
  • L.M. Winsor photograph collection (P0343)


Detailed Description of the Collection

Processed photographs
Container(s)
Description
Dates
Box
1 1:000: Nest and young of Great Blue Heron
1 1:001-002: Bear River marshes; the new dike built across old river channel by Provo Club
1 1:003: Bear River marshes; showing thickness of mud crest south along Klondike on east side of South Bay
1 1:004: Bear River marshes; view of Bond's Pond on east side of South Bay shows surface mat of dry potato moss
1 1:005-6: Bear River marshes; views north and south through Pintail Neck
1 1:007: Bear River marshes; view toward Pintail Neck from the mouth of Bear River overflow
1 1:008: Ducks afflicted with Western Duck Sickness (Botulism) in fresh-water pens
1 1:009: Installing equipment on the Franklin
1 1:010: The Franklin in garage
1 1:011: Auto built up with wide front wheels and caterpillar drive for experimenting with travel over soft mud and through shallow water. Stuck in mud
1 1:012: Experimental auto in mud
1 1:013: Boundary stake looking north from west boundary of Provo Club
1 1:014: Making right-of-way survey across Provo Club
1 1:015: Rear view of Ford truck after breaking through ice
1 1:016: Government truck on ice just below Bear River Club Ferry
1 1:017: "Mud Queen" in south bay on reconnaissance survey
1 1:018: Near mounth of Bear River No. 3 overflow at forks
1 1:019: Near mounth of Bear River No. 3 overflow at forks
1 1:020: Men using plane table for mapping the area south of the State Shooting Grounds
1 1:021: Looking southeast at River Control Structure No. 3, showing the first radial gate
1 1:022: View looking west, construction of spillway at Station 452.00 "D"
1 1:023: First forks or right channel down Whistler's Overflow, Station 43-63.5 of right-of-way
1 1:024: Looking up Whistler's Overflow toward river, Station 4-47. Flow in channel 25 cfs
1 1:025: Whistler's overflow where waters begin to leave the channel and flood
1 1:026: Showing how Whistler's Overflow floods the Bear River Silt Land Co
1 1:027: Looking south at the end of Whistler's Overflow, showing flooding of the flats
1 1:028: Workers setting post and piling for large spillbox in Unit 1
1 1:029: Dragline placing timbermats to travel on over soft ground during construction of dike across north bay of Unit 1.
1 1:030: North along dike across north bay of Unit 1, near Station 500.00 "D"
1 1:031: River control work under construction.
1 1:032: View showing gravel mat and the placing of rei nforcement bar on river control structure No. 3 1/2
1 1:033-35: Foundation and rock fill for river control structure 3 1/2
1 1:036: Dragline excavation for wing walls, north end of river control structure 3 1/2
1 1:037: Gulls following boat in Unit 1
1 1:038: Gulls in borrow dikes in Unit 1
1 1:039: Dragline taking barrel of fuel oil from boat during construction of dike across north bay, Unit 1
1 1:040: View east shows dragline driving piling for training wall along south bank of channel 3 1/2 below river control structure.
1 1:041: First spillbox in Unit 1 shows structure shoved out of line due to careless backfilling
1 1:042: View east from river control showing contractor's construction camp
1 1:043: View east from river control shows canal intake and retaining wall
1 1:044: View shows crack in contrete retaining wall at River Control
1 1:045-46: Views showing hoists and radial gates at River Control
1 1:047: Experimental tanks being used for evaporation studies
1 1:048: View south along "H" line dike shows east side as left by contractor
1 1:050: Visitors from Washington, D.C., including Dillon and Earnshaw, going down Bear River in motorboat on inspection trip.
1 1:051: Construction at Reeder's Overflow control shows excavation and driving of Wakefield piling
1 1:052-53: Water discharging from spillbox at Station 452.00 "D" and workers placing rip-rap
1 1:054: View northeast across Unit 1 from large spillbox, Dr. Redington and Mr. Henderson on an inspection trip
1 1:055: View north from spillbox at Station 465.00 "D", Dr. Henderson and George E. Mushbach on tour of inspection
1 1:056: Man holds gauge to show depth of water and loss of head at entrance of spillbox at Station 452.00 "D"
1 1:057: Preparing to blast mud from below spillbox at Station 465.00 "D"
1 1:058: Shooting out mud from below spillbox at Station 465.00 "D"
1 1:059: Water discharging through spillbox at Station 465.00 "D" after shooting out mud
1 1:060: Spillbox and dike at Station 260.00 "D" line.
1 1:061-62: Spillbox at Station 182.00 "H" line.
1 1:063: Front view of spillbox in Unit 1
1 1:064: View upstream from structure 3 showing ice condition at first freeze-up
1 1:065: River Control looking northwest from northeast wing, structure 3
1 1:066: S.H. Newel & Co. 50-B-dragline put up for winter
1 1:067: View of construction camp at spillbox on Station 465.00 "N" line, Unit 5
1 1:068: Caterpillar and pile driver at spillbox on Station 465.00 "N" line, Unit 5
1 1:069-70: Views, upstream and downstream, showing winter condition of spillbox at Station 260.00 "D" line
1 1:071: View east upstream at gates in No.3 water control, showing open water under gates
1 1:072: View of completed spill box at Station 465.00 "D" looking north
1 1:073: Dragline at work on main dike near Station 518.00, looking north
1 1:074: View east up river showing river control #3 from cinder pile
1 1:075: River control structure #3
1 1:076: View east at downstream side of radial gate in river control structure 3 1/2 showing cutting of ice from radial arms
1 1:077: View east, completed spill box at Station 540.00 "N"
1 1:078: View west from bridge over structure #3 at beginning of cinder pile at river control
1 1:079: Hoisting 8 inch casing for lowering into Well #2
1 1:080: View east--gates of #3 structure at beginning of cinder pile at River Control
1 1:081: View north--northeast wing of spill box at Station 221.00 "D" showing unfinished box left by contractor during the winter
1 1:082: Spill box at Station 240.00 "D" showing winter condition, with only small pond of water left in front of box
1 1:083: View upstream--gates in structure #3 showing ice frozen around radial arms
1 1:084: View west along main dike from near Station 40.00 "P" line under construction
1 1:085: Gates in structure #3, about 1 inch of water on top of ice
1 1:086: Cutting ice below gates on structure #3 1/2; ice 26 inches thick
1 1:087: Cutting ice below gates on structure #3 1/2
1 1:088: View upstream--spill box at Station 5400 "N," about 8 inches of water over bottom board or spill crest
1 1:089-90: Gates on structure #3, open water in gateways
1 1:091: Spill box at Station 315.00 "N" under construction, placing mud sills
1 1:092: View east, dragline backfilling spill box at 540.00 main dike
1 1:093: box at 500.00 "N" looking west, water about 1 foot deep
1 1:094: Spill box at Station 500.00 "N" before dike was constructed and box backfilled
1 1:095: Spill box at 500.00 "N"
1 1:096: Spill box at 500.00 "N" showing ice and water running on east side of box. Spill box built in advance of dike
1 1:097: View northeast, spill box at Station 66.00 "L": water running from North Bay into South Bay
1 1:098: View south along lateral canal at Station 74.00 showing water control structure frozen in with ice and snow
1 1:099: View north--spill box at Station 465.00 "N" before backfilling showing water running through box
1 1:100: Water around contractor's cabin near spill box at Station 465.00 "N", looking south across Willard Spur
1 1:101: View east along "L" dike line showing ice from Unit 1 shoved up slope of dike by wind
1 1:102: View south--dike in Unit 1 from near spill box at Station 452.00 "D"
1 1:103: View south along dike from Station 465.00 "D"
1 1:104: View north at spill box and dike from Station 465.00
1 1:105: View north along dike from near Station 414.00 "D" showing ice just starting to leave borrow pits
1 1:106: View northwest across Unit 2 from spill box at Station 320.00 "D"
1 1:107: View south along dike in Unit 2 from near Station 414.00 "D"
1 1:108: View northwest across Unit 2 showing condition of material and equipment at spill box Station 182.00 "H"
1 1:109: View west along dike in unit 2 showing shoreline in South Bay
1 1:110: View west showing in borrow pit in South Bay; all ice gone except for a stretch of about 600 feet
1 1:111-112: Work horse teams ferrying cinders for road construction across Bear River
1 1:113: Looking east along road from Refuge headquarters, showing cinder surfacing
1 1:114-117: Views showing cinder surfacing along road from Refuge headquarters
1 1:118: Ducks caught in trap for banding at mouth of third lateral canal into Unit 1
1 1:119: Spill box in South Bay, Unit 2, discharging water
1 1:120-121: Dragline backfilling spill box. George E. Mushback and Mr. Diffenback inspect work
1 1:122-123: Spill box at Station 182.00 "H" under construction
1 1:124: View northeast--spill box Station 120.00 "H", contractor just starting construction; Dr. Redington, Mr. McLaughlin and Refuge employees on tour of inspection
1 1:125-127: Dragline constructing dike near Station 170.00 "D". Dr. Redington, Mr. McLaughlin and Refuge employees on tour of inspection
1 1:128: View east along main dike in Unit 2 from spill box at Station 240.00 "D". Dr. Redington, Mr. McLaughlin and Refuge employees on tour of inspection
1 1:129: Views east showing excavation for large spill box in unit 2 at Station 226.00 "D"
1 1:130: Views east showing excavation for large spill box in unit 2 at Station 226.00 "D"
1 1:131: Wakefield piling across upstream end of spill box at Station 226.00 "D"
1 1:132: Young ducks trapped for banding on Corder Lake, State Shooting Grounds
1 1:132: . Looking up Bear River from tower
1 1:133: Upstream view of closed canal gates
1 1:134: View west--large spill box in Unit 1 under construction
1 1:135: Large spill box in Unit 1, just after completion
1 1:136-138: Views--large spill box in Unit 2 under construction
1 1:139: Large spill box in Unit 2 after completion with flashboards in place
1 1:140: First well at the Refuge; men pulling last wash rod from hole, gas and mud coming through the 6 inch casing
1 1:141-142: Well #1 a few hours after gas started to blow, showing rotary table completely covered with mud
1 1:143: Looking east at Well #1 at Refuge headquarters just after well rig had been moved showing gas and mud in the air
1 1:144-147: Crater of Well #1 blowing gas and mud after well rig had been removed
1 1:148-149: Crater of Well #1 blowing gas and mud
1 1:150: View west from intersection of main dike and "H" line across Unit 2 showing first flooding of Unit
1 1:151: Close-up of piling on spill box at Station 315.00 "N" pulled for inspection due to cutting off of tongues; this piling all replaced by contractor
1 1:152: Looking up stream at River control structure with water just spilling over top of gates
1 1:153: View north across Bear River just above river control showing government cabin
1 1:154: Government cabin at Refuge headquarters as remodeled from two small cabins purchased from the contractor; later a porch and kitchen were added
1 1:155-158: Well rig at work on Well #2 drilling for 8 inch casing
1 1:159: Visitors from Ogden Chamber of Commerce observing on partition dike between Units 2 and 3
1 1:160: Group portrait, visitors from Ogden Chamber of Commerce
1 1:161: Well rig at Well #2 lowering first 8 inch casing
1 1:162-163: Well rig at Well #2 washing out 4 inch casing
1 1:164-165: Washing out 4 inch casing at Well #2
1 1:165: . View northwest--Reeder's Control structure; 2x2x12 gates on top of structure
1 1:166: Bridge and well rig set over gas well crater. Circulating with heavy mud to kill gas flow in order to cement casing
1 1:167-168: Well rig at Well #1 just after well was recovered; gas and mud spewing into the air
1 1:169: View northeast--Reeder's overflow control structure showing high water in Bear River; water just touching bottom of radial gates
1 1:170: View east--large spill box in Unit 1, showing heaving of ice
1 1:171: Ford truck on ice in Unit 1; large spill box and dike in background. Spill box completely frozen in
1 1:172: View east--Reeder's overflow control structure; showing maximum high water and trash caught in front
1 1:173: View east--river control structure #3 showing high river flow and ice breaking away below gates
1 1:174: Unit 1 during a severe wind storm; waves beaching along dike
1 1:175: Unit 1 during a severe wind storm; waves beaching along dike
1 1:176: View west from water control structure #3 1/2 showing Bear River overflowing its banks; government cabin in foreground
1 1:177: Large spill box in Unit 2 discharging water into Great Salt Lake
1 1:178: View south from large spill box in Unit 2 showing water discharging into Great Salt Lake during high water
1 1:179: Rank growth of Cattail and giant bulrush along feeder canal to Unit 1
1 1:180: Flooded area south of Unit 2, showing new growth of bayonet grass (scirpus paludosus)
1 1:181: Dense and rank growth of vegetation along banks of main channel below river control, Unit 2
1 1:182: Man illustrating height of dense giant bulrush growth along bank of channel #3 1/2
1 1:183: Flooding north of controls in Unit 1, taken from roof of headquarters cabin
1 1:184: New tulle beds outside of Unit 2, looking toward Great Salt Lake; Promontory Mountain to right
1 1:185: View near delta in Unit 2 shows marsh growth
1 1:186: Distant view, large flock of 1,500 white pelicans in Unit 2, part of approx. 10,000 frequenting the project
1 1:187: View upstream from delta in Unit 2; molting ducks flopping of boat, unable to fly
1 1:188: View west from "H" line over Unit 2 shows heavy tulle growth, long-billed dowitchers in foreground
1 1:189: View southwest from "H" line dike over the north side of Unit 2 shows new bayonet grass growth. This was a dry mud flat with no growth whatsoever in 1931
1 1:190: View east from "H" line dike over Unit 3 shows dark lines of flooded tulles, 1932 growth
1 1:191: View west from roof of headquarters cabin shows control works and Unit 2 in the background
1 1:192: Gate at Perry entrance, dike along east end of Unit 5. Main dike appears as a black line in the distance
1 1:193: Nest and eggs of an avocet on main dike built on a hummock left of dragline bucket
1 1:194: Road on top of main dike looking west along Unit 5
1 1:195: California gulls feeding on fish thrown on the bridge for them
1 1:196: California gulls at spillway
1 1:197: Approximately 1,000 young ducks, principally redheads captured by Bureau employees, in pen at public shooting grounds
1 1:198: Ducks in banding pens, public shooting grounds
1 1:199: Dead ducks on slightly flooded flats, Willard Bay section
1 1:200: Duck sickness (Botulism) control in Willard Bay section showing mud boat and employee shooting ducks with rifle
1 1:201: Mud boat being used in duck sickness control; dead ducks in background
1 1:202: Ducks dead due to Botulism in Willard Spur area
1 1:203-207: Ducks dead due to Botulism in Willard Spur area
1 1:208: USDA truck parked next to boundary marker and angular warning sign
1 1:209: Boundary marker set shallow with no dirt piled around base
1 1:210: Same boundary marker after being reset at proper depth and built up at base
1 1:211: Same boundary marker after being reset at proper depth and built up at base
1 1:212-213: Ducks afflicted with Botulism take refuge in Unit 5 spill box, evidently in effort to elude gulls and obtain shade and fresh water
1 1:214-215: Sick ducks in hospital pond
1 1:216-217: Warning sign destroyed by ravens
1 1:218: Water well and tank
1 1:219-220: Headquarters cottage
1 1:221: Two-room guard cabin at Perry entrance
1 1:222: One-room guard cabin at north boundary, before painting
1 1:223: Garage, boat house and work shop under construction
1 1:224-225: Completed garage, boat house and work shop. Gas pump in foreground on second view
1 1:226-227: Double-sided sign, "STOP register Here" at checking station, entrance to public shooting area
1 1:228: Tent at checking station, entrance to public shooting area
1 1:229: McCormick tractors used to open up road and to pull cars through snow drifts
1 1:230: View across Bear River from observation tower
1 1:231-233: Views looking up Bear River from observation tower
1 1:234: View southeast from observation tower
1 1:235: View across channel #3 from observation tower
1 1:236: View across channels #3 and 3 1/2 from observation tower
1 1:237: View of River Control
1 1:238: control garage and boathouse in background
2 2:001: CCC tractor driven over side of gravel loading trap
2 2:002: CCC tractor driven over side of gravel loading trap
2 2:003: CCC boys grading and graveling route at Perry entrance gate to Refuge
2 2:004: CCC workers grading fill at headquarters
2 2:005: CCC workers constructing flagstone walk in front of office building
2 2:006-008: CCC workers graveling beach line on Unit 5
2 2:009: Duck hospital nearing completion
2 2:010-012: Duck hospital nearing completion
2 2:013: Scarcity of vegetation Unit 2
2 2:014: Vegetation off main dike Unit 4
2 2:015: CCC camp in Brigham City
2 2:016: Fleet of CCC trucks used on project lined up for inspection
2 2:017: Looking west at down stream line of piling at large spill box in Unit 2
2 2:018-019: Views north toward mouth of Bear River shows dragline pulling out of channel
2 2:020-021: Well rig washing 4 inch casing just prior to completing gas well #2
2 2:022: Old Provo Club just before being taken over by the government
2 2:023: View from tower showing hunters' cars parked at Refuge Headquarters
2 2:023: Dewyville Dam Site
2 2:023: Bird Refuge. Ducks and geese wintering at Refuge Headquarters (2)
February, 1939.
2 2:024: Laboratory showing addition to rear
April 1939.
2 2:025: Laboratory showing addition to rear; observation tower in the background
2 2:026: Bird Refuge. Looking east from tower showing entrance road to headquarters
September 24, 1939.
2 2:027: Bird Refuge. Whistling Swan on river at Refuge Headquarters
January 1940.
2 2:028: Bird Refuge. Refuge managers and Bureau officials attending Botulism conference at Refuge assembled for luncheon at end of conference
April 4, 1940.
2 2:029: View of the main dike of Unit 2
June 1940
2 2:030: Bird Refuge. Progress picture of new residence under construction at Refuge Headquarters
July 30, 1940
2 2:031-032: Looking NE at water control structure No. 1 in Unit No.2
Summer, 1940.
2 2:033: Views east and west, CCC workers excavating for downstream rip-rap at water control structure #2 in Unit 2
2 2:034: Looking west at water control structure #2 under construction in Unit 2
Summer, 1940.
2 2:035: Bird Refuge. Looking west at water control structure #2 under construction in Unit 2
Summer, 1940.
2 2:036: Canada goose nest built on muskrat house in open water in Unit 3
2 2:037: Close-up of Cormorants nest
2 2:038: California gulls nesting on artificial island in Unit 4
2 2:039: Cormorants and gulls nesting on artificial island in Unit 5
2 2:039: . Refuge truck loaded with bagged ducks
2 2:040: Brewster's Egret
2 2:041: Brewster's Egrets fishing
1941
2 2:042: Gulls, pelicans and egrets fishing at Bear River Refuge
1941
2 2:043: Coyotes held in captivity
1941
2 2:044: Looking west at water control structure #1 in Unit 3
March, 1941.
2 2:044: Skunk skins taken by Refuge Personnel
Spring, 1941
2 2:045: Close-up of white pelicans
2 2:046: View shows concentration of pelicans in flight
2 2:047: Brood of blue-winged teal
May, 1941
2 2:048: Brood of Geese
May, 1941
2 2:049-051: Broods of Canada Geese
2 2:052: Several broods of Canada Geese and Promontory Mountains
May 1941
2 2:053-054: Treganza's herons
2 2:055: Traganza heron
May 1941
2 2:056: Traganza's herons
2 2:057: Nesting cormorants fighting off gulls on artificial island in Unit 5
May 1941
2 2:058: Nesting cormorants fighting off gulls on artificial island in Unit 5
2 2:059: Starting nesting survey Unit 5
May 1941
2 2:060: Newly-hatched California gulls in nest
2 2:061: California gulls nesting on artificial island
May 1941
2 2:062: California gulls nesting on artificial island
2 2:063: California gull nesting on artificial island in Unit 5
May 1941
2 2:064: Caspian tern and gulls nesting on artificial island in Unit 5
2 2:065: Caspian tern nest and eggs
May 1941
2 2:066: Curlew nest in Unit 5
May 8, 1941.
2 2:067: Western grede carrying young on its back
2 2:068: Killdeer nest
May 1941.
2 2:069: Cormorant nest on artificial island in Unit 5; eggs hatched May 14
May 1, 1941.
2 2:070: Young cormorants in nest on artificial island in Unit 5
May 14, 1941.
2 2:071: Avocet on nest
2 2:072: White-faced glossy ibis
2 2:073: Egg-predator magpies trapped at dummy nest in Unit 2
May 2, 1941.
2 2:074: Egg-predator magpies trapped at dummy nest in Unit 2
2 2:075: Salt grass and scirpus along main dike of Unit 4
2 2:076-077: CCC workers collecting scirpus tubers to be transplanted in Unit 5
2 2:078: Barge and boat hauling tubers to be placed
May 1941.
2 2:079: Planting tubers on artificial banks in Unit 5
May 1941.
2 2:080: CCC boys planting Scirpus tubers in Unit 5
May 1947.
2 2:081: CCC crew rip-rapping spillway in Unit 2
May 7, 1941.
2 2:082: Looking west at No. 1 spillway in Unit 2. Backfilling just about completed
May 7, 1941.
2 2:083: Students from Weber High School visiting Refuge
May 1941.
2 2:083: -b.Visiting students from Weber High School at bottom of observation tower
2 2:083: . What appears to be a sage hen
2 2:084: Black-necked stilt and nest
2 2:085: No information
2 2:086: Black-crowned night heron and Brewster's Egret fishing
June 1941.
2 2:087: "Fishermen"
June 1941.
2 2:088: Pelicans and Brewster's Egrets fishing
2 2:089-091: Brewster's Egrets
2 2:092: Long bulled dowitcher
June 1941.
2 2:093: 550 Geese trapped for banding
June 1941.
2 2:094: Canada geese in trap for banding
2 2:095: Canada geese in trap for banding
2 2:096: Photographic stations for nesting survey plots
June 5, 1941.
2 2:097-108: Photographic stations for nesting survey plots
June 5, 1941.
2 2:109: Swan, geese and ducks in hospital pond
August 1941.
2 2:110: Ducks on channel in Unit 2
2 2:111-112: View showing duck and pelican concentration on the Refuge
2 2:113: Carp in seine
2 2:113: . Parking lot at headquarters
2 2:114: Looking south from canal road
Summer 1941.
2 2:115: One mile west of headquarters showing dense growth of scirpus acutus
Summer 1941.
2 2:116: Pelicans at river control gates
Summer 1941.
2 2:117: Dog "Spot" retrieving duck which has died from Botulism
September 1941.
2 2:118: R-2, E-1 Looking north along "H" line dike showing ice pushed up by wind action
Dec. 1941.
2 2:119-120: View showing ice pushed up by wing action along "H" line dike
2 2:121: Refuge snow plow opening roads at headquarters
2 2:122: Scrap metal drive
1942.
2 2:123: Truck filled with metal from the scrap metal drive at headquarters
2 2:124: Refuge snow plow opening roads at headquarters
2 2:125: Bird Refuge. Winter scene looking across Bear River at headquarters 4
March 1942
2 2:126: Winter scenes looking across Bear River at headquarters
2 2:127: Refuge office building
March 1, 1942.
2 2:128: Whistling Swan that came into feed with semi-domesticated Canada Geese at Refuge Headquarters
March 8, 1942.
2 2:129: Whistling Swan that came into feed with semi-domesticated Canada Geese at Refuge Headquarters
March 8, 1942.
2 2:130-32: Raven color preference experiments
April 1942.
2 2:133: Looking northwest at water control structure #1
May 19, 1942.
2 2:134: Looking northwest at structure #2, showing reinforcing steel in place
May 19, 1942.
2 2:135: Black-crowned night herons, gulls, and Brewster's Egrets fishing
2 2:136: Looking west at structure #2, showing south abatement and rock rip-rap along wing wall
June 3, 1942.
2 2:137-38: Newly constructed spill box at 3-way, "P" line
July 23, 1942.
2 2:139: Looking west at newly constructed spill box leading into Unit 4
July 23, 1942.
2 2:140: Looking southeast at newly constructed spill boxes leading in Units 4 and 5
July 23, 1942.
2 2:141: Looking east at newly constructed spill box leading into Unit 5
July 23, 1942.
2 2:142: "Mud Queen" used in picking up sick ducks
Late Summer, 1942.
2 2:143: North box, L Line, 3-way
September 3, 1942.
2 2:144: Looking southeast at structure #5 on L-line leading into Unit 1. Concrete floor has been poured
September 3, 1942.
2 2:145: Newly completed structure #4 leading into Unit 2
October 1942.
2 2:146: Structure #6 showing reinforcing steel
October 1942.
2 2:147: Looking south at main structure on L-line #6. Showing reinforcing steel
October 1942.
2 2:148: Reinforcing bar and pouring concrete for water control structure #6, "L" line
2 2:149: Pouring concrete on floor of structure #6
October 1942.
2 2:150: Double-crested cormorants and California gulls nesting on artificial island
1943
2 2:151: Gulls nesting on artificial island
2 2:152: Gulls nesting on dike road
1943
2 2:153: Avocet about to set on her eggs
May 1943
2 2:154: Avocet about to settle down on her nest
May 1943
2 2:155: Avocet on her nest; eggs are also shown
2 2:156: Avocet on nest in Unit 2
May 1943
2 2:157: gulls nesting on artificial island
1943
2 2:158: Water at top of spill box west side of Unit #2
Spring 1943.
2 2:159: Water being spilled into Willard Spur from Unit 5
Summer 1943.
2 2:160: Water being spilled into Willard Spur from Unit 5
Summer 1943.
2 2:161: Ice on laboratory building clogging gutters and water spouts
2 2:162-165: Refuge personnel repairing ice damage to Unit 2
2 2:166-170: Cleaning and painting radial gates at River Control
2 2:171-175: Perry guard cabin
2 2:176: Strawberry Refuge boundary marker on southwest side of Strawberry Reservoir
2 2:177: Ice and snow clogging gutters and down spouts on laboratory building
2 2:177: -b. Hunter's vehicles fill the lot at headquarters
2 2:177: . Hunters at the checkpoint station
2 2:178-183: New sign near entrance gate to Refuge headquarters
2 2:184: The fire pump after being remodeled
2 2:184: -e. One of the first air boats used at the refuge
2 2:185-186: Damaged spill box in Unit 3
2 2:187-189: Views east along old dike of Unit 1a being rebuilt
2 2:190: An avocet returning to her nest on spur dike off "H" line of Unit 1
2 2:191-196: A dragline works on rebuilding dike of Unit 1a
2 2:197: An avocet approaching her nest
2 2:198: An unidentified nest
2 2:199-201: Road grader after old iron wheels were replaced with truck tires and wheels;
2:200-201in front of the garage.
2 2:201-d: Six coyote stomachs which contained remains of swans and other birds and mammals
2 2:202-203: Aerial views of headquarters
2 2:204-206: Aerial views of quadrate Unit 4; birds indicated on photos
2 2:207-208: Aerial views of a Treganza's hern colony in Knudsen's Marsh
2 2:209-211: Views showing Progress of vegetation in Unit 2; compare with views in July 1936, 2:013-014
2 2:212-214: Views showing vegetation on side of dike in Unit 4
2 2:215: A fledgling curlew
2 2:216: View showing marker for Plot 2-8 lookin southwest from "L" line
2 2:217-218: Leo Young sporting a beard for the Utah centennial
2 2:219: Caterpillar and rubber-tired grader working on Unit 1a dike
2 2:220-223: Distant views of beaver and their houses in the south end of Unit 3
2 2:224-225: Yellow-headed blackbird in a tamarisk; photos distant and indistinct
2:225 negative only.
2 2:226: Black-necked stilts in flight; photo indistinct
2 2:227-230: Distant views of egrets at headquarters
2 2:231: View of headquarters looking toward Wetmore cabin
2 2:232: Bird Refuge. Aerial view of Headquarters
June 1, 1947.
2 2:233: Bird Refuge. Aerial view of Headquarters
June 1, 1947.
2 2:234: Bird Refuge. Aerial view of Headquarters
June 1, 1947.
2 2:236: Bird Refuge. Aerial view of Headquarters
June 1, 1947.
2 2:242: Strawberry Refuge Markers- newly placed
Summer 1947
2 2:248: Views of refuge with mountains in background
2 2:252: Bird Refuge--beaver damage
2 2:252: Bird Refuge-beaver damage
2 2:252: Beaver damage
3 3:001: White pelicans attracted by fish
3 3:001: Flood waters from river
3 3:001: Flood waters from river
3 3:001: Flood waters from river
3 3:002: Feeding station, Glahn on snowshoes filling hopper
3 3:003: Winter at the entrance sign
3 3:004: Fishing through the ice
3 3:005: Willard mountain as seen from Unit 5
3 3:006: June 1949. Mountains as seen from Unit 5
3 3:007-010: Winter scenes at refuge headquarters, including checking station
3 3:011-014: Winter scenes on the flats, including a plow opening up roads
3 3:015: Perry guard cabin
3 3:015: . Water leaving spill box
3 3:016-016: . Willard Hensen skinning muskrats
3 3:017: Muskrat skins on stretchers
3 3:018-022: Goose nesting platforms
3 3:023-025: Goose nesting platforms
3 3:026: Refuge employee spraying for vegetation
3 3:027-029: Birds affected with Botulism littering the shores
3 3:030: Refuge employee banding a bird
3 3:031-033: Nesting; fledgling birds and eggs
3 3:034-039: Crew on boat controlling carp with rotenone
3 3:040: Newly-recovered plane
3 3:041-042: Refuge employee Leonda Hansen receiving his ten-year service pin
3 3:043-044: Workers planting Russian olive seedlings around refuge
3 3:045: Airboat built for Lacasine Refuge
3 3:046-047: Duck hospital undergoing remodeling
3 3:048-054: Workers replacing telephone cable at Refuge Headquarters
3 3:055-057: Visitors to the refuge on Easter Sunday
3 3:058: Caterpillar rip-rapping a bank
3 3:059: Workers replacing telephone cable at Refuge Headquarters
3 3:060-061: Grader cuts fire line to control fire started by lightening strike on refuge boundary
3 3:062-064: Leg-traps set with bait for predator control
3 3:064: . Children ice-skating, probably on Willard Spur
3 3:065: -f. Snapshots of water control, observation tower, and residences 1-3
3 3:066: Redhead dump nest with 81 eggs (color photograph)
3 3:067-073: Snapshots around Refuge Headquarters including entrances, spillways, water control, and observation tower; ca. 1962. 3:073 shows log hauled out of the river
3 3:074-085: Detailed snapshots of an air boat
3 3:086-87: Gulls in flight
3 3:088-90: Gull nesting colonies
3 3:091-94: . Refuge personnel conducting gull nesting survey; gulls in flight around them; ca. early 1960's
3 3:095-095e.: Nest and eggs- Negatives only
3 3:096: Holding pen for banding
3 3:97-105: Various flocks including gulls, Canada geese, and young pelicans on Woody island
3 3:106: A killdeer
3 3:107-108: Predator control
3 3:109: A band of Canadian geese in front of refuge residences
3 3:110-111: Fishermen with their catch
3 3:112: Refuge personnel working on carp control
3 3:113: -113b. Refuge employee inspecting dead pelicans on disease investigations
3 3:114: A killdeer
3 3:115-116: Men throwing fish into a truck
3 3:117: Fish on ice in the back of a truck
3 3:118: Refuge employee inspecting dead pelicans on disease investigations
3 3:19: Contour dike in Unit 1
3 3:20: New canal west of Unit 2
3 3:121-122: Work on canal off Unit 2
3 3:123-124: River at headquarters
3 3:125-129: Various photos of work on spill boxes and other water control
3 3:130: Crews working on bridge re-decking near garage and boathouse
3 3:131-136: Various views of work on spill boxes and other water control
3 3:137-143: Bridge re-decking
3 3:144: Leo Young in the refuge plane
3 3:145-157: Various photos of refuge equipment
3 3:158-159: Old blow-torch
3 3:160: A man using iron tool to remove bird wings
3 3:162: Tool used to remove bird wings
3 3:163-164: View of sign advertising refuge 8 miles south of Brigham City
3 3:165: Refuge personnel banding geese
3 3:166-173: Various photos of geese
3 3:174-178: Various photos of ducks
Folder
4 0 4:0:1: Auk
Some negatives available in box 14 folder 1. Also in 15:005
4 1 4:1:1-18: Avocets
Negatives available for photos: 1 in 15:004 7 in 15:003.
4 1a 4:1:1: Blackbird
4 1b 4:1:1-4: Coots
4 1c 4:1:1-5: Cormorant (Doubled-crested)
4 1d 4:1:1: Crane (Sandhill)
4 1e 4:1:1-3: Curlew
Some negatives available in box 14, folder 10.
4 2 4:2:1-2: Doves
4 2a 4:2:1: Ducks (Bufflehead)
4 2b 4:2:1: Ducks (Canvasback)
4 3 4:3:1: Ducks (Gadwall)
4 4 4:4:1-7, 9-16: Ducks (Mallad)
(photo 8 missing).
4 5 4:5:1-8: Ducks (Pintail)
4 6 4:6:3,4,8: Ducks (Redhead)
Some negatives available in box 14, folder 1.
4 7 4:7:1-3: Ducks (Ring-billed)
4 8 4:8:1-6: Ducks (Ruddy)
4 9 4:9:1: Ducks (Scaup)
4 10 4:10:1: Ducks (Shoveller)
4 11 4:11:1-11: Egrets (Snowy)
Negative available for photo 10 in 15:021.
4 12 4:12:1-45: Geese (Canadian)
Some negatives available in box 14, folder 1.
4 13 4:13:1-7: Geese (Snow)
4 14 4:14:1-2: Geese (Fronted)
4 15 4:15:1: Grebe (Eared)
4 16 4:16:1-2: Grebe (Pied-billed)
4 17 4:17:1-6: Grebe (Western)
Some negatives available in box 14, folder 1.
4 18 4:18:1-2: Grouse
4 19 4:19:1-28: Gulls
Photos 7, 20, and 21 negatives-040, 042.
4 20 4:20:1-4: Heron (Black-Crowned Night)
Negative available for photo 1 in 15:027.
4 21 4:21:1-5: Heron (Great Blue)
Some negatives available in box 14, folder 1.
4 22 4:22:1: Heron (Little Green)
5 1 5:1:1-6: Ibis (White-Faced)
5 2 5:2:1-6: Killdear
Some negatives available in box 14, folder 1.
5 3 5:3:1: Magpie
5 4 5:4:1-2: Pelicans (Brown)
5 5 5:5:1-21: Pelicans (white)
Some negatives available in box 14 folder 1. Negative for photos 5, 14, 16-17 also available in 15:034 046.
5 6 5:6:1: Phalarope (wilson's)
5 7 5:7:1-3: Pheasant (Ring-Necked)
5 8 5:8:1-2: Plover (Snowy)
photo 1 negative-15:038
5 9 5:9:1-9: Raptors (Turkey Vulture and Owls also included).
Negative available for photos: 1-3 in 15:008-010 5-7 in 15:006 020.
5 10 5:10:1: Snipe
5 11 5:11:1-5: Stilts (Black-necked)
Photo 4 negative-15:043
5 12 5:12:1: Swallows
5 13 5:13:1-7: Swans (Trumpeter)
5 14 5:14:1-22: Swans (Whistling)
5 15 5:15:1-7: Terns
Photo 15 negative-15:045
5 16 5:16:1: Turkeys
5 17 5:17:1: Willets
5 18 5:18:1: Woodcock
5 19 5:19:1: Yellowlegs
6 1 6:01:1-9: Seagulls
Some negatives available in box 14, folder 1.
6 2 6:02:10-19: Seagulls
Some negatives available in box 14, folder 1.
6 3 6:03:20-22: Wild Ducks
6 4 6:04:23-27: Individual Species
6 5 6:05:28-38: Misc. Birds (waterfowl)
6 6 6:06:39-57: Misc. Birds
6 7 6:07:58-70: Misc. Birds
Some negatives available in box 14, folder 4.
6 8 6:08:71-79: Misc. Birds
Some negatives available in box 14, folder 1.
6 9 6:09:80-92: Misc. Birds
6 10 6:10:93-103: Misc. Birds
Some negatives available in box 14, folder 1.
6 11 6:11:104-113: Misc. Birds
Some negatives available in box 14, folder 1.
6 12 6:12:114-122: Misc. Birds
6 13 6:13:123-130: Misc. Birds
Some negatives available in box 14, folders 1 and 4.
6 14 6:14:131-137: Misc. Birds
6 15 6:15:138-145: Misc. Birds
6 16 6:16:145-154: Misc. Birds
6 17 6:17:155-171: Birds-General Views
6 18 6:18:172-184: Birds-General Views
Some negatives available in box 14, folder 1.
6 19 6:19:185-196: Bird Tracks
Includes photos of skeletons.
6 20 6:20:197-206: Young Pelicans
6 21 6:21:207-215: Nests
Includes birds nesting and eggs.
6 22 6:22:216-231: Nests
Includes young birds.
6 23 6:23:232-248: Nests
Includes birds nesting, young birds, and eggs.
6 24 6:24:249-260: Nests
Includes birds nesting, young birds, eggs, and hatching. Some negatives available.
6 25 6:25:261-267: Nest
Includes young birds, hatching, and eggs. Some negatives available.
6 26 6:26:268-279: Mammals
Includes mountain lion, prairie dog, wild hog, rabbit, bear, muskrat, cattle, coyote control.
6 27 6:27:280-294: Mammals
Includes cattle, badger, moutain sheep, wood rat, and ringtail.
6 28 6:28:295-313: 295-313. Mammals
Includes badger, elk, otter, deer bison, antelope, coyote, opossum, muskrat, and racoon.
6 29 6:29:314-315: 314-315. Reptiles (snakes)
6 30 6:30:316-331: 316-331. Fish
6 31 6:31:332-338: Insects
Includes close-up shots of a Midge, and photos of swards.
6 32 6:32:339-348: Botulism/Injuries
Includes photos of field work, dead ducks, duck rehabilitation, and lab work.
7 1 7:01:1-11: Refuge land (land views)
7 2 7:02:12-22: Refuge land (land views)
7 3 7:03:23-36: Refuge land (land views)
7 4 7:04:37-49: Refuge land (land views)
Some negatives available in box 14, folders 2 and 6.
7 5 7:05:50-61: Refuge land (water views)
7 6 7:06:62-68: Refuge land (water views)
7 7 7:07:69-84: Refuge land (water views)
Some negatives available in box 14, folder 6.
7 8 7:08:85-108: Refuge land (water views)
Some negatives available in box 14, folder 6.
7 9 7:09:109-117: Refuge land (aerial views)
7 10 7:10:118-131: Refuge land (aerial views)
7 11 7:11:132-139: Refuge land (aerial views)
7 12 7:12:140-154: Refuge land (aerial views)
Some negatives available in box 14, folder 4.
7 13 7:13:155-167: Refuge land (aerial views)
note: the 13 photographs in this folder are mounted on two pieces of cardboard.
7 14 7:14:168-181: Refuge land (aerial views)
7 15 7:15:182-196: Refuge land (aerial views)
7 16 7:16:197-217: Refuge land
Note: the 21 photographs in this folder are mounted on three pieces of cardboard.
7 17 7:17:218-228: Refuge Plant Life
Some negatives available in box 14, folder 6.
7 18 7:18:229-239: Refuge Plant Life
Some negatives available in box 14, folder 6.
7 19 7:19:240-254: Refuge land (winter scenes)
7 20 7:20:255-262: Refuge land (mountain shots)
Some negatives available in box 14, folder 6.
7 21 7:21:263-270: Refuge land (mountain shots)
Some negatives available in box 14, folder 6.
7 22 7:22:271-278: Flooding
Some negatives available in box 14, folder 7.
7 23 7:23:279-303: Flooding (1985)
7 24 7:24:304-316: Ogden Bay
7 25 7:25:317-325: Brigham City
Includes views of main street, "Welcome to Brigham City" sign, and bird refuge signs.
7 26 7:26:326-327: Locomotion Springs
Includes general water views.
7 27 7:27:328-337: Other Refuges
Includes general views, buildings, signs, and wildlife.
7 28 7:28:338-344: Fire Management
Includes views of blazes, and the ignition and control of fires.
7 29 7:29:345-352: 345-352. Contour Furrows ("Four Seasons":1981-1982)
Photographic record of ecological project on the refuge land.
8 1 8:01:1-11: Refuge Office
Some negatives available in box 14, folders 2, 7, and 9.
8 2 8:02:12-32: Misc. Structures and Buildings
Some negatives available in box 14, folder 7.
8 3 8:03:33-59: Misc. Structures and Buildings
Some negatives available in box 14, folder 7.
8 4 8:04:60-76: Misc. Structures and Buildings
Some negatives available in box 14, folder 7.
8 5 8:05:77-85: Misc. Structures and Buildings
Some negatives available in box 14, folder 7.
8 6 8:06:86-99: Misc. Structures and Buildings
Some negatives available in box 14, folder 7.
8 7 8:07:100-113: Misc. Structures and Buildings
Photo 7 negative-15:049
8 8 8:08:114: Research Station
8 9 8:09:115-116: Structure Repair
Note: This folder contains a before and after photo of repairs that were done on a bay divider.
8 10 8:10:117-140: Hunting Area Snapshots
Includes visitors, signs, structures, and ammunition. Some negatives available in box 14, folder 3.
8 11 8:11:141-151: Misc. Signs
Some negatives available in box 14, folder 3.
8 12 8:12:152-164: Misc. Signs
Some negatives available in box 14, folder 3.
8 13 8:13:165-171: Hunting Regulation Signs
8 14 8:14:172-179: Hunting Regulation Signs
Some negatives available in box 14, folder 3.
8 15 8:15:180-199: Roadways
Some negatives available in box 14, folders 4 and 6.
8 16 8:16:200-209: Roadways
Some negatives available in box 14, folder 6.
8 17 8:17:210-226: Roadways
Some negatives available in box 14, folder 6.
8 18 8:18:227-232: Air Boats
Photos 31-32 negative-15:057-058
8 19 8:19:233-236: Air Boats
Some negatives available in box 14, folder 8.
8 20 8:20:237-255: Air Boats
Some negatives available in box 14, folder 8.
8 21 8:21:256-266: Air Boats
Some negatives available in box 14, folders 2 and 8.
8 22 8:22:267-271: Duck Hospital
Includes exterior and interior views which highlight the laboratory and examination areas. Some negatives available in box 14, folder 7.
8 23 8:23:272-278: Front of the Office (after renovation)
8 24 8:24:279-291: Refuge Equipment
Includes trucks, cranes, ATVs, boats, bulldozers, misc. construction vehicles, firearms and cameras. Some negatives available in box 14, folder 2.
9 1 9:01:1-10: Employee Snapshots-Leo Young award
Some negatives available in box 14, folder 7.
9 2 9:02:11-28: Employee Snapshots
Some negatives available in box 14, folder 7.
9 3 9:03:29-32: Staff-Lab Work
Some negatives available in box 14, folder 7.
9 4 9:04:33-39: Staff-Airplanes
Some negatives available in box 14, folder 4.
9 5 9:05:40-57: Staff-Airplanes
9 6 9:06:58-69: Staff-Maintenance
Some negatives available in box 14, folders 2 and 7.
9 7 9:07:70-81: Staff-Maintenance
Some negatives available in box 14, folder 2.
9 8 9:08:82-91: Staff-Maintenance
Some negatives available in box 14, folders 2 and 6.
9 9 9:09:92-104: Staff-Maintenance
9 10 9:10:105-116: Staff-Maintenance
Some negatives available in box 14, folders 2 and 6.
9 11 9:11:117-135: Staff-Maintenance and Construction
Some negatives available in box 14, folder 2.
9 12 9:12:136-145: Staff-Maintenance and Construction
9 13 9:13:146-161: Staff-Construction
9 14 9:14:162-172: Staff-Construction
Some negatives available in box 14, folder 2.
9 15 9:15:173-187: Staff-Construction
Some negatives available in box 14, folder 2.
9 16 9:16:188-211: Staff-Construction
Some negatives available in box 14, folder 2.
9 17 9:17:212-228: Staff-Field Work
Includes banding, examinations, and treatment of animals. (Specifically ducks.)
9 18 9:18:229-240: Staff-Botulism Pick-Up (1982)
9 19 9:19:241-250: Staff-Carp Study
Some negatives available in box 14, folder 2.
9 20 9:20:251-270: Staff Clean Up
Some negatives available in box 14, folder 4.
(1984).
9 21 9:21:271-293: Staff-Clinic
Also includes misc. field work. Some negatives available in box 14, folder 7.
9 22 9:22:294-300: Staff-Rip Rapping
Rip rapping is a technic used to build up the levies of lakes and streams in order to increase or preserve the vegetation. This was done at the refuge by dumping rocks into and along side the various water ways.
9 23 9:23:301-304: Staff-Banding
Banding is a way of tracking the migratory patterns of birds. Bands are attached to the birds' legs in order to identify them as having spent time at the refuge.
9 24 9:24:305-310: Misc. Personnel
9 25 9:25:311-317: Misc. Personnel
Some negatives available in box 14, folders 7 and 9.
9 26 9:26:318-322: Misc. Personnel
Some negatives available in box 14, folder 7.
9 27 9:27:323-328: Misc. Personnel
Some negatives available in box 14, folder 7.
9 28 9:28:329-334: Misc. Personnel
Some negatives available in box 14, folders 3 and 7.
9 29 9:29:335-348: Duke Johnson Retirement Party. Taken place on
This folder includes photos of various refuge staff at the time of Mr. Johnson's retirement.
October 31, 1981.
9 30 9:30:349-358: "Swan Story"
A photographic record of the care of injured swans by various members of the refuge staff. Some negatives available in box 14, folder 1.
(1967).
10 1 10:01:1-7: Visitor Center Displays. Includes displays specifically regarding "America's Wildlife Heritage" as well as bird species which are common at the refuge
Some negatives available in box 14, folder 7.
10 2 10:02:8-15: Visitor Center Displays. Includes displays specifically regarding "The Development of the Air Boat" and "Early Construction 1929-1935."
10 3 10:03:16-24: School Egg Drop (ca. 1960's). The refuge hosted a competition for elementary school children in which they attempted to protect eggs that were dropped from the observation tower. The object of the competition was to prevent the egg from breaking. These photos include views of the drop itself, as well as the children and their protective packages.
Some negatives available in box 14, folder 7.
10 4 10:04:25-35: School Egg Drop
Some negatives available in box 14, folder 7.
(ca. 1960's).
10 5 10:05:36-45: School Egg Drop (ca. 1960's)
Some negatives available in box 14, folder 7.
10 6 10:06:46-55: Public Use-Bird Watching and Photography
10 7 10:07:56-64: Public Use-Fishing
Some negatives available in box 14, folders 7 and 9.
10 8 10:08:65-73: Public Use-Fishing
Photo 72 negative-15:061
10 9 10:09:74-80: Public Use-Fishing and Boating
10 10 10:10:81: Public Use-Hunting-Historic. Axel J. Ithe at Whistlers Bend in 1906
10 11 10:11:82-95: Public Use-Hunting
Some negatives available in box 14, folders 5 and 7.
10 12 10:12:96-104: Public Use-Hunting
10 13 10:13:105-117: Public Use-Hunting
Some negatives available in box 14, folder 7.
10 14 10:14:118-129: Refuge 50th Anniversary
Includes displays, visitors, presentations, and booths. Some negatives available in box 14 folders 7 and 9.
(1978).
10 15 10:15:130-143.: Refuge 50th Anniversary
Includes visitors, booths, tours, and a hawk demonstration. Some negatives available in box 14, folder 7.
(1978).
10 16 10:16:144-165: Refuge 50th Anniversary
Includes visitors, hawk demonstration, and other presentations. Some negatives available in box 14, folders 7 and 9.
(1978).
10 17 10:17:166-180: Refuge 50th Anniversary
Includes staff, visitors, booths, displays, and birds. Some negatives available in box 14, folders 7 and 9.
(1978).
10 18 10:18:181-200: Public Use-Bird Watching
10 19 10:19:191-200: Public Use-Tours of Refuge
Some negatives available in box 14, folder 7.
10 20 10:20:201-204: Public Use-Visitors' vehicles (and parking).
Some negatives available in box 14, folders 4 and 7.
10 21 10:21:205-210: Public Use-Visitors' Vehicles (and parking)
10 22 10:22:211-221: Public Use-Misc. Visitor Snapshots
Some negatives available.
10 23 10:23:222-228: Public Use-Misc. Visitor Snapshots
Some negatives available in box 14, folder 7.
10 24 10:24:229-237: Public Use-Misc. Visitor Snapshots
Some negatives available in box 14, folders 2 and 7.
10 25 10:25:238-247: Public Use-Misc. Visitor Snapshots
Some negatives available in box 14, folders 5 and 7.
10 26 10:26:248-260: Public Use-Misc. Visitor Snapshots
Some negatives available in box 14, folders 7 and 9.
10 27 10:27:261-289: Public Use-Misc. Visitor Snapshots
10 28 10:28:290-305: Public Use-Misc. Visitor Snapshots
Some negatives available in box 14, folder 7.
10 29 10:29:306-315: Public Use-Misc. Visitor Snapshots
Some negatives available in box 14, folder 7.
10 30 10:30:316-326: Public Use-Misc. Visitor Snapshots
Some negatives available in box 14, folder 7.
11 1 11:01:1-11: Various birds, general views of refuge, US map (tracking bird migratory patterns), and staff 1940s
11 2 11:02:12-23: Staff and general views of the refuge 1940s
11 3 11:03:24-33: Staff and general views of the refuge
Some negatives available in box 14, folder 8.
1960s
11 4 11:04:34-43: Staff, visitors, general views of the refuge, and views of the Malpais lava beds
Negative for photo 35 available-15:063
1960s
11 5 11:05:44-54: Staff, birds, general views of the refuge, and various maintenance and construction work
Negative for photo 45 available-15:063
1977
11 6 11:06:55-65: General views of the refuge 1977
11 7 11:07:66-75: General views of the refuge's bodies of water May 1977
11 8 11:08:76-86: General views of the refuge's bodies of water May 1977.
11 9 11:09:87-94: Includes views of the refuge's bodies of water, nests, and drainage maintenance June 1980.
11 10 11:10:95-107: Photographic account of construction project
Some negatives available in box 14, folder 2.
Summer 1982.
11 11 11:11:108-121: Photographic account of maintenance and construction projects
Some negatives available in box 14, folder 2.
Summer 1982.
11 12 11:12:122-132: Maps of Utah, the Bear River, the Refuge, and migratory patterns of birds
Some negatives available in box 14, folder 10.
11 13 11:13:133-139: Display Photos
Includes soil composition diagrams, identification of eggs, and explanatory photos from Fish and Wildlife service.
11 14 11:14:140: Illustrations
Includes two copies of an illustration depicting a mountain man in a canoe paddling through marsh lands. This illustration is in black and white.
11 15 11:15:141-349: Compiled Photo Book
This book compiled by the refuge staff includes photos from various refuge projects and depicts the different functions of the refuge. It also includes photos of birds and animals which inhabit the refuge. This book may serve as a guide to the patron through the captions and descriptions which accompany the photos. Negatives for photos 259-261 available-15:064
12 1 12:01:1-14: Egrets. Some negatives available
12 2 12:02:15-32: Cormorants and Blackbirds
Some negatives available in box 14, folder 1.
12 3 12:03:33-52: California Gull
Some negatives available in box 14, folder 1.
12 4 12:04:53-74: White Faced Ibis
Some negatives available in box 14, folders 1 and 9.
12 5 12:05:75-91: Foresters Tern
Some negatives available in box 14, folder 1.
12 6 12:06:92-107: Swans and Western Grebe
Some negatives available in box 14, folder 1.
12 7 12:07:108-120: Swallows
Some negatives available in box 14, folder 1.
12 8 12:08:121-132: Pelicans, Pheasants, Rails, and Raptors
12 9 12:09:133-152: Cranes and Ducks
12 10 12:10:153-164: Franklins Gull and Geese
12 11 12:11:165-191: Great Blue Heron
Some negatives available in box 14, folder 1.
13 1 13:01:01: Unidentified Bird. Photograph taken by Irene Hinke Sacilotto. Includes letter which accompanied the photo to the refuge staff on November 18, 1983

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Unprocessed Material
Container(s)
Description
Box
14 Unprocessed Material
Contains black and white negatives corresponding to photos listed throughout the inventory as well as color negatives and slides of birds, construction projects, signs, aerial views, fishing and hunting, the refuge center, and airboats.
15 Unprocessed Material
Contains black and white negatives corresponding to photos listed throughout the inventory as well as black and white negatives of birds, visitor center displays and signs, aerial views, buildings, hunting, construction, and employees.

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Subjects

    • Corporate Names :
    • Bear River Migratory Bird Refuge (Utah)--Buildings--Photographs.
    • Bear River Migratory Bird Refuge (Utah)--Employees--Photographs.
    • Bear River Migratory Bird Refuge (Utah)--Equipment and supplies--Photographs.
    • Civilian Conservation Corps (U.S.)--Utah--Photographs.
    • Subject Terms :
    • Bird refuges--Utah--Photographs.
    • Dikes (Engineering)--Utah--Bear River Migratory Bird Refuge--Photographs.
    • Duck shooting--Utah--Photographs.
    • Ducks--Diseases--Utah--Photographs.
    • Flood control channels--Utah--Bear River Migratory Bird Refuge--Photographs.
    • Freshwater fishes--Utah--Bear River Migratory Bird Refuge--Photographs.
    • Waterfowl--Utah--Bear River Migratory Bird Refuge--Photographs.
    • Geographical Names :
    • Bear River (Utah-Idaho)--Photographs.
    • Bear River Migratory Bird Refuge (Utah)--Photographs.

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