Guide to the Frank Bird Linderman Memorial Collection
1885-2005

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Overview of the Collection

Creator: Linderman, Frank Bird, 1869-1938
Title: Frank B. Linderman Memorial Collection
Dates: 1885-2005 ( inclusive )
Quantity: 14.5 linear feet, 10 oversize boxes, and 81 objects
Collection Number: Mss 007
Summary: This collection represents the productive and collective efforts of Frank Linderman and his many careers as writer, politician, assayer, and Native American ally and ethnographer. The correspondence and photographs are especially extensive and represent his many important and significant friends and acquaintances.
Repository: Maureen and Mike Mansfield Library
Archives and Special Collections

The University of Montana--Missoula
Missoula, MT 59812
406-243-2053
http://www.lib.umt.edu/asc
library.archives@umontana.edu

Languages: Materials are in English 
Sponsor: Funding for original encoding of this finding aid was provided through a grant awarded by the National Endowment for the Humanities.

Historical Note

Frank Bird Linderman was born in Cleveland, Ohio, on September 25, 1869, the son of James Bird Linderman and Mary Ann Brannan Linderman. He attended schools in Ohio and Chicago, including Oberlin College, before moving to Montana Territory in 1885 at the age of sixteen. He worked as a trapper from 1885 to 1891, then met his wife, Minnie Jane Johns, in Demersville, Montana, in 1891. They were married in 1893 in Missoula, Montana. They had three children: Wilda, Verne, and Norma.

From 1893 to 1897, he worked in Butte, Montana, as an assayer, then moved to Brandon, Montana. About 1900, the family moved to Sheridan, Montana, where he was an assayer, furniture salesman, and newspaperman.

Linderman was also a politician: he served in the Montana state legislature in the 1903 and 1905 sessions. He ran for the U.S. Congress in 1916 and 1918; in 1924 he ran for the U.S. Senate against Thomas J. Walsh. He was a Mason, and was inducted to that brotherhood in Sheridan in 1899. He received the Scottish Rite in the Helena consistory in 1911. He continued to be active in Masonry and held a number of offices in that organization.

From 1905 to 1907, he was Montana's Assistant Secretary of State. After that, he became a successful insurance agent with the Guardian Insurance Company of America. In 1917, he bought property at Goose Bay on Flathead Lake, moved the family from Helena, and pursued writing full-time. He also took up sculpting in bronze.

Linderman had wanted to be a writer as early as 1911, when he had been encouraged by Opie Read. Read encouraged him to submit his first collection of tales to Charles Scribner's Sons, who published it as Indian Why Stories in 1915. He continued to publish to favorable reviews, but found the profession less than remunerative. In 1924, with his writing income still small, he bought the Hotel Kalispell and ran it for two years, then sold it as a profit. He changed publishers in 1929, and worked with Hermann Hagedorn of the John Day Company. Charlie Russell, a lifelong and close friend, illustrated many of his books.

He devoted a great deal of his life to Montana's Native Americans, learning and writing about their ways and trying to help them in material ways. His first contacts with them were as a trapper, when he became acquainted with members of the Flathead and Kootenai tribes; he later knew many Crow, Blackfeet, Cree, and Chippewas. Many Indians taught him tribal legends, including Kootenai Two-Comes-Over-the-Hill; Muskegon, a Cree; and Full-Of-Dew, a Chippewa medicine man. He was instrumental in founding the Rocky Boy's Reservation for Montana's Cree and Chippewa. He was adopted into three tribes: the Blackfeet, the Cree, and the Crow.

Linderman's published books include Indian Why Stories: Sparks from War Eagle's Lodge-Fire (1915); Indian Lodge-Fire Stories (1918); On a Passing Frontier: Sketches from the Northwest (1920); Indian Old-Man Stories: More Sparks from War Eagle's Lodge-Fire (1920); How It Came About Stories (1921); Bunch-Grass and Blue Joint (1921); Lige Mounts, Free Trapper (1922); Kootenai Why Stories (1926); American: The Life Story of a Great Indian, Plenty-Coups, Chief of the Crows (1930); Old-Man Coyote (1931); Red Mother (1932); Beyond Law (1933); Stumpy (1933); and "Out of the North" in Blackfeet Indians, by Winold Reiss (1935). He also published numerous magazine articles, tales, anecdotes, and poems.

Linderman's health was fragile after he tried to save his Goose Bay home from a fire in 1919, and it began to fail in 1930. He died in Santa Barbara, California, in 1938. Minnie Linderman died in 1941.

Linderman's daughters continued to be highly involved with the preservation of his literary and anthropological legacy, and their own literary contributions are notable. Wilda Jane Linderman was born in Butte, Montana, in 1894. She graduated from the University of Montana--Missoula and studied at Harvard University and Radcliffe College before teaching at the Santa Barbara Girls School in California. Her father's manuscripts show extensive editorial marks by her. In 1938, she founded the Gosling School in Peterborough, NH. She died in 1981.

Verne Linderman was born in 1897 and also graduated from the University of Montana--Missoula, where she wrote for H. G. Merriam's Frontier. Her father's manuscripts have extensive editorial marks by her. She became society editor for the Daily Inter Lake and correspondent for the Butte, Great Falls, and Spokane newspapers. From 1930 to 1980, she was a feature writer for the Santa Barbara News Press. She was also a regular contributor to the Christian Science Monitor. In 1943, she won the Theta Sigma Chi award for best feature story in southern California newspapers. She died in 1989.

Norma Linderman Waller was born in 1898 at Brandon, Montana. She attended Helena schools and the University of Montana--Missoula. In 1925, she married Roy Oliver Waller; they had four children, James, Richard, John, and Sarah. Mrs. Waller was particularly instrumental in preserving, distributing, and displaying her father's Native American artifacts and worked with numerous cultural institutions to do so. She worked with H.G. Merriam to have Recollections of Charley Russell and Montana Adventure published. She died in 1972.

The third generation of the Linderman family, Mrs. Waller's children, have continued to play a significant role in preserving his memory.

James Waller was born in 1926 and attended high school in Kalispell. He worked in the construction trucking and service station and garage businesses. He inherited Linderman's gun collection, which he passed on to one of his sons and to the Smithsonian Institution. He is married to Ruth, an accomplished weaver, and lives in Santa Ynez, California. Their sons are Robert James and Daniel Richard.

Richard L. Waller was born in 1928 and graduated from Flathead County High School. He attended Montana State University in Bozeman for one year, interrupted his schooling to serve in the United States Air Force, and completed his four years of architectural training in 1957. He worked for architecture firms in Spokane and Wenatchee, Washington, until 1981, when he went into construction management in Washington and Alaska. He then worked for the City of Wenatchee as a building inspector. He also did freelance architectural work for over thirty years. His design skills have helped to promote the Linderman collection; he designed the brochure for the bronze casts made of Linderman's sculptures. He has also assisted his sister with the administrative matters surrounding the collection. He married his wife, Elaine, in 1949; they had four children. He lives in Wenatchee, Washington.

Sarah Jane Waller Hatfield was born in 1931 in Kalispell, Montana, and lived with her family and grandparents at Linderman's Goose Bay home from 1935 to 1941, when the family moved back to Kalispell. She graduated from the University of Montana--Missoula and worked for companies in Wyoming and Montana as a secretary and geophysical computer. She married Robert G. Hatfield in 1953; they had two children, Cynthia Ann and Mark Robert. From 1961 to 1989, the family resided in San Jose, California, then returned to Kalispell, Montana. Mrs. Hatfield became literary trustee for the Linderman family, charged with all custodial care, which included finding a permanent repository for the papers. She did extensive work in the papers, editing and preparing Quartzville, Wolf and the Winds, Henry Plummer: A Novel, The Iron Shirt,and Big Jinny: The Story of a Grizzly Bear

for publication. Mrs. Hatfield has also exhibited the Linderman collections at many locations across Montana.

John (Jack) Waller was born in 1940, and is a professional jazz musician. He played in the Navy Band, then attended the Berklee College of Music in Boston before playing extensively in New York City and San Francisco, as well as many other locations around the United States. He lives in Bigfork, Montana.

Linderman's heirs have worked to publish his unfinished works or to reissue volumes out of print. Book-length works of Linderman published posthumously include Recollections of Charley Russell, H. G. Merriam, ed. (1962), Montana Adventure: The Recollections of Frank B. Linderman, H. G. Merriam, ed. ([1968]); Quartzville, Larry Barsness, ed. (1985); Wolf and the Winds, Hugh A. Dempsey introduction (1986); and Henry Plummer: A Novel (2000). The Iron Shirt(2004). Big Jinny: The Story of a Grizzly Bear(2005).

Other Descriptive Information

Essay: Frank Linderman's Work

By William Bevis, Professor of English, The University of Montana--Missoula1984 (Reprinted with permission of author, 1999)

"I had found a large map of the western states and territories, and that night, for the hundredth time, I spread it upon the floor in my own room to pore over it as I always had, flat on my belly. Long before this I had decided where I wished to go, but now that my dream was coming true I needed to be sure I had made no mistake in my choosing. I had to have unspoiled wilderness, because I secretly intended to become a trapper. I remember that I felt glad when the Flathead Lake country in northwestern Montana Territory seemed yet to be farthest removed from contaminating civilization. I'd go as straight as I could to Flathead Lake."

The year was 1885, and if the boy of 16 on the train west from Chicago did not know that the West was going and gone, he would know it soon after he arrived. Just the last few years, since 1883, had seen the barbed wire and railroad arrive, the buffalo disappear and the starved Indians gather in reservations. When Montana became a state in 1889, Frank Linderman agreed with his trapping friend who said, "Now she's gone to hell."

Frank Linderman was one of a number of men, white men, who came from the East to the West between 1865 and 1900 not so much to mine, or trap, homestead or make a fresh start as to "see the West" before it was gone. Some of these men, including Frederick Remington, Charley Russell, George Bird Grinnell, James Willard Schultz and Frank B. Linderman would become important, important because they saw, they cared and they reported what they had come to see--the West before it was gone. Much of their work was done in Montana, and many of them knew each other. Grinnell introduced Schultz's work, and Linderman's first book, Indian Why Stories (1915), was dedicated to Russell and Grinnell and illustrated by Russell. Their work is even more important now than when it was done and is beginning to receive the recognition it deserves.

Frank Linderman's work was varied: for a brief seven years he trapped in his beloved wilderness near Flathead Lake, and as so often happens in western history, those few years became a sort of golden age in his life by which all else was measured. He married, became an assayer, then newspaperman, then state legislator. In 1905 he moved to Helena and was Assistant Secretary of State. But in his heart he really must have believed that he, like the territory, was going to hell in that direction and after making some money selling insurance, he moved, in 1917, to Goose Bay, Flathead Lake, to write. He was forty-eight years old with a family, and he was not rich. The move was a conscious and risky rejection of business and politics in favor of writing.

Between 1915 and his death in 1938 he published, among other books, articles poems, five volumes of traditional Indian tales, two trapper novels ( Lige Mount and Beyond Law), and two recorded Indian autobiographies, one of Crow Chief Plenty-Coups, the other of Crow medicine woman Pretty-Shield. Maxwell Perkins, editor of Hemingway and many others, said, "It would be hard to write a better story than Lige Mount"; the book deserves more study than we can give it here. It is easy to see, however, that most of Linderman's work was on Indians, and that is the work on which I wish to focus.

Frank Linderman worked on Indians, with Indians, for Indians. That is, he faithfully recorded their tales and customs, he was their friend, and in politics he did all he could to help, especially in establishing the Rocky Boy's Reservation in north central Montana. Yet his name is hardly recognized outside of Montana, and I would like for a moment to consider his place in our knowledge of Indians and explain why I think he will soon be much more widely known.

In what we now call Native American studies, which began as sympathetic and accurate knowledge of Indians by Europeans and is now being transformed by Indian scholars, there was a seminal period from about 1880 to 1930. During that time, from the Indians' losing the West to the death of the last men and women who had ever known a pre-white West, much crucial work was done. Linderman was one of the last of a whole host of whites who gathered evidence and testimony during that time, when direct knowledge of the old was still possible. From about 1930 to 1970, knowledge of Indians in both popular and academic circles declined, as far as I can tell, and much was forgotten. Since about 1970, a boom in Indian studies had produced fresh scholarship and, among Indians, fresh politics, but surprisingly, much of that activity is simply rediscovering how good the old work was, and now, how precious.

For instance, the Native American poetry translations by Natalie Curtis and others at the turn of the century were excellent, and were printed with interlinear translations of texts, comments by Indian informants, and musical notations. By comparison, the new "Indian poetry" texts being printed in 1970 had sloppy translations, no commentary, and no background information. We not realize that the best we can do is reprint Curtis' 1907 book, informed as it was by direct knowledge and accurate field work.

Another instance: In the 1950s Charley Russell was widely thought to be a romanticist, a portrayer of the Wild West of movies and pulp fiction. That is one reason Montana let his paintings leave the State. Now, however, we have realized that his work is accurate and irreplaceable, and John Ewers, the Blackfeet historian, has a Russell print hanging behind his desk at the Smithsonian. Linderman, I am suggesting, was not only one of those men who came West at a certain period with certain expectations, but like some of those other men, he is beginning to be appreciated. Shultz' work on the Blackfeet is gaining fresh recognition. Linderman's Plenty-Coups came back into print through Bison Press in 1962, Pretty-Shield in 1974. Frederic van de Water's assessment of Plenty-Coups in a 1931 letter to Linderman was prophetic: "... not only a great book, ... one of those volumes ... too good for the present, that is due to be 'discovered' by someone long after you and I have died."

Those works by Linderman, Russell, Schultz and others have an accuracy and passion, an urgency, that cannot be recaptured. Chief Plenty-Coups: "I have not told you half that happened when I was young ... I can think back and tell you much more of war and horse stealing. But when the buffalo went away the hearts of my people fell to the ground, and they could not lift them up again."

Up to this point I have said only that Linderman was one of several men in the right time at the right place. But, of course, many had come West aware that something was quickly passing, yet few left us such a legacy. Grinnell and Russell and Linderman and others must each have had special qualities that stamp their work. Frank Linderman had, as far as I can tell, three qualities that made his own work what it was--indeed, made it possible.

First, he was absolutely trustworthy. Hermann Hagedorn said, "When I think of Frank, the quality that stands out above all others ... is his integrity. He lived squarely and he thought squarely." Linderman's integrity had several effects. It probably weaned him from politics, possibly from insurance, and certainly put him in the unusual position of being trusted by Indians: "... If my father came back and stood on one hill and I saw Frank Linderman on another hill I would not go to my father. I would go to Frank Linderman. You know I do not lie. This is the truth. --Day Child."

As a direct result of the Indians' trust in him from his first meeting with the Flathead Red Horn until his death, Indians came to Linderman for help, helped him, and finally offered to him, and to him only, their life stories. It was not considered wise or good for a Crow Indian to speak of the dead, which Plenty-Coups would have to do to tell his life story, nor did Indians often trust white men to tell their story with a straight tongue. But finally Plenty-Coups, said to Linderman, who was renowned in sign language: "You are my friend, Sign-Talker. I know your heart is good. I will tell you what you wish to know, and you may write it down." And when they had finished: "I am glad I have told you these things, Sign-Talker. You have felt my heart, and I have felt yours. I know you will tell only what I have said, that your writing will be straight like your tongue, and I sign your paper with my thumb so that your people and mine will know I told you the things you have written down."

Plenty-Coups would only speak, in other words, not to an anthropologist but to a trusted friend. The first review of Plenty-Coups in the Chicago Tribune remarked that Linderman was "a 'creative listener' in the sense that he understands deeply." Linderman's integrity, then, his thinking squarely and deeply, put him in the position of knowing Indians who would not speak openly to many white men, for there were few they could trust.

A second quality that stamps his work is clarity. His keen mind, keen judgment and care are evident in all of his writings. To the fine writer, clarity is a matter even of style, of sound and rhythm: "Charley Russell was the most lovable man I have ever known. My remembrances of our days and nights together, alone in camps, and of his frequent visits in our home at Goose Bay are highlights that brighten with passing years ..."

In every description, whether of nature or Butte, Indians or subways, one feels the presence of an accurate and precise observer. And, of course, that mind is keenly aware of its own limits: "I am convinced that no white man has ever thoroughly known the Indian. ... I have studied the Indian for more than forty years, not coldly, but with sympathy; yet even now I do not feel that I know much about him. He has told me many times that I do know him 'that I have felt his heart,' but whether this is so I am not certain."

Linderman was clear about what he could know, and clear about his ignorance.

The third quality that defines his contribution to us is humility. He not only got us to Plenty-Coups, but he then got out of the way. That is, I think, a remarkable achievement, and the greatest justification of Plenty-Coups' trust in him. Consider for a moment Frank Linderman's position in 1929-30. He was not a paid scholar or researcher or ethologist, nor was he seeking such a position. He was very demoralized by the low sales of his writings for fifteen years; he had written one novel in 1922, would soon write another, and was well aware that novels, especially pulp novels, were the way to make money. Here was tremendous material dumped in his lap. He had tried running the Kalispell Hotel for two years and now was poor again at Goose Bay. His only claim to fame was an honorary degree from the University of Montana at Missoula, but then, as now, we didn't hand out much cash. Yet he never considered any selfish use of the Plenty-Coups story; he was content to be the servant of the Crow tradition, carrying Plenty-Coups' message to America, and to a remarkable extent he stayed out of the book. His few appearances are graceful, sympathetic and knowledgeable. His humility allowed him to commit to a project larger than himself, and his publisher advised him directly that such important work often could not be poured into commercial molds: "Frank, I hate to think of your trying to learn 'knacks' or bags of tricks merely for the sake of pleasing magazine editors. If you were a second-rater, that would be all right; but you are a first-rater, and therefore I believe you have got to continue to be yourself and do your own stuff, and if editors can't see it the way you write it, it is so much the worse for them; and it is tough on you. But I think it would be tougher on you to try to write in a way that is unnatural to you."

How many hack writers of 1930 are now forgotten, while we are just beginning to remember Frank Linderman.

So these qualities--integrity, clarity and humility--gave birth to his work and shaped its features. We have from Linderman not only testimony of times now gone, but testimony and commentary of the finest kind. Just what we can learn from what he said so well is the next task of the scholars, and we are grateful that these archives give us the opportunity to do that work.

Linderman said in a letter of 1922: "It is hard for some of my friends to believe that I feel it a duty to, in some way, preserve the Old West, especially Montana, in printer's ink, and if I can accomplish a small part of that duty I shall die content."

We hope he realized, before he died, that he had accomplished more than a small part of his duty.

Content Description

This collection represents the productive and collective efforts of Frank Linderman and his many careers as writer, politician, assayer, and Native American ally and ethnographer. The correspondence and photographs are especially extensive and represent his many important and significant friends and acquaintances.

The collection also contains materials produced by Linderman's heirs, largely his daughters, Wilda, Verne, and Norma. The collection also represents well the continued efforts of his granddaughter, Sarah Jane Waller Hatfield. The materials document the efforts of these family members to perpetuate the memory of Frank Linderman through donations and loans of materials to and displays at museums and publication or republication of his writings. Since the literary efforts of the family are continuous throughout the twentieth century, materials from the generations are not separated by series, but may be in subgroupings; notations on the source and editorship are retained.

Use of the Collection

Restrictions on Access :  

Researchers must use collection in accordance with the policies of Archives and Special Collections, the Maureen and Mike Mansfield Library, and The University of Montana--Missoula.

Restrictions on Use :  

Researchers are responsible for using in accordance with 17 U.S.C. and any other applicable statutes. Copyright not transferred to The University of Montana. Copyright is managed by Sarah Jane Hatfield on behalf of the Linderman heirs.

Preferred Citation :  

[Name of document or photograph number], Frank Bird Linderman Memorial Collection, Archives and Special Collections, Maureen and Mike Mansfield Library, The University of Montana-Missoula.

Administrative Information

Arrangement :

The collection is divided into nine series:

Series I: Biographical, 1 folder, ca. 1919-1935

Series II: Correspondence, 1.75 linear feet, 1903-1985

Series III: Writings, 2.5 linear feet, 1911-1986

Series IV: Politics, 4 folders, 1918-1968

Series V: Memorabilia, 1 linear inch and oversize, 1911-1937

Series VI: Publications, 0.75 linear feet, 1885-1992

Series VII: Portfolios,7 oversize portfolios, 1885-1984

Series VIII: Photographs, 525 images, 2 linear feet and oversize, 1870-1985

Series IX: Artifacts, 81 objects, circa 1825-1940

Series X: Accession 2000-42, 0.5 linear feet, 1901-2001

Series XI:Accession 2001-11, 1.25 linear feet, 1886-1997

Series XII: Accession 2005-16, 1.5 linear feet, 1927-2005

Series XIII: Accession 2006-27, 1.0 linear feet, 1904-2001

Series XIV: Accession 2007-24, 1.5 linear feet, 1893-1999

Series XV: Accession 2008-33, 0.7 linear feet, 1905-1954

Series XVI: Accession 2011-40, 1 linear foot, 1916-1936

Custodial History :  

The collection was largely in the possession of the Linderman family until donation to the Archives.

Acquisition Information :  

Frederic Van de Water donated sixty-one pieces of his correspondence with Linderman to the University of Montana Friends of the Library in 1961. In 1963, Linderman's daughters, Norma Waller, Wilda Linderman, and Verne Linderman, presented the original and edited manuscripts of Recollections of Charley Russell to the Friends of the Library. In 1967, the daughters presented 1500 pieces of Linderman correspondence to the University of Montana Library through Professor Merriam and the Friends of the Library. That same year, the Friends of the Library purchased fifty-eight Linderman letters from Western Hemisphere Books and Manuscripts. In 1968, the Linderman daughters again presented the Friends of the Library with a collection of Linderman material. In 1984, Sarah Jane Waller Hatfield, Linderman's granddaughter, and her brothers, James Waller, Richard Waller, and John Waller, donated additional manuscripts and Native American artifacts. This was augmented by additional donations by that same family group in 1984, 1985, 1986, 1987, 1993, 1999, 2000, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2010.

Future Additions :  

The Linderman heirs still hold a significant amount of additional material that may be added to the collection in the future.

Processing Note :  

The order of the original collection of Linderman papers--those received between 1961 and 1968--was based largely on the arrangement given by H. G. Merriam as he worked with them; the additions received from the family and purchased were integrated into the collection. Materials that arrived after 1984 remained unprocessed until 1999. In that year, the collection was augmented with the formerly unprocessed materials. The whole was re-described, substantially rearranged into the first nine series, and rehoused. Some photographs that had formerly been integrated into the Archives' general photograph collection were replaced into this collection at the request of the heirs.

With the exception of objects and textiles, materials donated from 2000 to present have been remained separated into new series identified by an accession number which reflects the date of the individual donations. Many folder descriptions in these new series follow specific phrasing from inventories and appraisal documents provided by the donors. Objects and Textiles were added to Series IX: Artifacts.

Separated Materials :  

The following books arrived with Accession 2000-42 and were placed into Special Collections: The Indian Sign Language by W.P. Clark, 1885; Mining and General Telegraphic Code by Bedford McNeill, 1895; Practical Notes on the Cyanide Process by Francis L. Boxqui, 1901; Notes on Assaying and Assay Schemes, Pierre de Peyster Rickets, 1892; and A Manual of Practical Assaying by John Mitchell, 1881.

Related Materials :  

The Dartmouth College Library holds a holograph of Co-pee, one of the stories contained in Linderman's book Kootenai why stories.

The Department of Special Collections at the University of California, Los Angeles, holds a small collection of Linderman materials including holograph and typescript manuscripts of several books and a galley proof.

The Montana Historical Society holds an assay book from Linderman's business in Sheridan.


Detailed Description of the Collection

Series I:  Biographical , 1919-1935
1 folder

This series consists of a single folder of biographical information about Linderman, which includes a short handwritten biography in Linderman's hand, a reply to a letter from the librarian at the University of Montana--Missoula in 1935 listing his published works, and a data sheet from Who's Who Among North American Authors. Other series, most notably the Portfolios in Series VII, are also a valuable source for biographical materials, and lists of Linderman's publications may be found in the Spring 1938 issue of the Frontier and Midland magazine (included in Series VI) or in Linderman's autobiography, Montana Adventure (1968).

The items are arranged chronologically.
Container(s)
Description
Box/Folder
1/1 Biographical

^ Return to Top

Series II:  Correspondence , 1903-1985
1.75 linear feet

This series contains the personal, professional, and literary correspondence of the Linderman family. The correspondence is divided into two subseries: Linderman's Correspondence, and Family Correspondence.

The first, and by far the most extensive, Subseries is Linderman's produced and collected correspondence. Letters range from the routine to the deeply informative. There are several folders of Linderman's exchanges with his editors at Charles Scribner's Sons and the John Day Company that offer insights into his creative and editorial process. There are especially complete groups of correspondence with literary friends and associates, including Charley Russell, Hermann Hagedorn, H. G. Merriam, and Frederick Van de Water. The correspondence with Russell includes some explanatory notes added by Norma Linderman Waller after his death. Correspondence with members of his family, including his father and brothers, forms another significant group. Other correspondents include many notable Americans and Montanans: Gifford Pinchot, Joseph Dixon, George Grinnell, Paris Gibson, Edgar S. Paxson, and Theodore Roosevelt. The series finishes with a group of correspondence from those admiring his books, including children.

Subseries 2, the correspondence of Linderman's family mainly consists of correspondence discussing the preservation of Linderman's memory and sale or donation of his artistic and literary remains, including that with historical agencies, publishers, editors, and auction houses. Most notable is the correspondence with H. G. Merriam about the editing of Recollections of Charley Russell and Montana Adventure, with the University of Montana regarding the Linderman Collection, and with the Museum of the Plains Indian in Browning, Montana, about the extensive collection of Linderman artifacts housed there. It also includes condolence notes sent after the death of Mr. and Mrs. Linderman.

Within those groups, materials are arranged alphabetically by name of correspondent or subject, as appropriate.

Container(s)
Description
Subseries 1: Linderman's Correspondence
Box/Folder
1/2 American Legion , 1923 and undated
1/3 American Legion Monthly , 1931-1939
1/4 Atherton, Gertrude , 1922
1/5 Authors' Guild , 1931
1/6 Ayers, Roy , 1937
1/7 "A" , 1920-1928
1/8 Baghdigian, Bagdasar K. , 1925 and undated
1/9 Baker, Marie Sweet , 1930-1931
1/10 Balfour, A.M. ("Shorty") , 1905-1921 and undated
1/11 Bennett, Alden J. , 1903
1/12 Blodgett, George W. , 1937-1938 and undated
1/13 Borein, Edward, undated
1/14 Borg, Carl Oscar , 1923-1930
1/15 Bray, Archie , 1919-1921 and undated
1/16 Bristol, C.L. , 1909
1/17 Brown, James M. , 1932-1935
1/18 Buffalo Bill Museum Association , 1932
1/19 Byrnes, Owen , 1932
1/20 "B" , 1915-1939 and undated
1/21 Callaway, Llewellyn, L. , 1903-1937
1/22 Cannon, C.L. , 1924-1931 and undated
1/23 Cheney, David , 1931
1/24 Clapp, Charles H. and Mary , 1927-1935
1/25 Clapp, Moses E. , 1913
1/26 Coates, Grace Stone , 1933-1938 and undated
1/27 Cobb, Irvin S. , 1928 and undated
1/28 Coburn, Walter , 1923 and undated
1/29 Coleman, Leo B. , 1916-1930
1/30 Conant, Luther , 1930
1/31 Coolidge, Grace , 1927-1930
1/32 Cooper, Colin Campbell , 1923-1931
1/33 Crawford, Nelson A., undated
1/34 Curry, John A. , 1914
1/35 "C" , 1919-1936
1/36 Davies, A. Mervyn , 1933
1/37 John Day Company , 1929-1930
1/38 John Day Company , 1931
1/39 John Day Company , 1932
1/40 John Day Company , 1933-1938
1/41 DeCamp, R.E. , 1919-1935
1/42 Dengler, Paul L. , 1937
1/43 DeYong, Joe , 1916-1937
1/44 Dixon, Joseph M. , 1928-1933
1/45 "D" , 1915-1939
1/46 Edgerton, Ralph , 1922
1/47 [Editor], undated
1/48 Evans, L.O. , 1923
1/49 Faust, Leo , 1918
1/50 Fitzgerald, Brasil , 1933
1/51 Fletcher, Robert H. , 1937
1/52 Ford, S.L. , 1918
1/53 "F" , 1920-1929 and undated
2/1 Gamble, John M. , 1923-1925
2/2 Gibson, Paris , 1914
2/3 Gibson, Theo , 1916
2/4 Goodkind, Edward A. , 1930
2/5 Grafton, Edwin , 1927-1929
2/6 Great Northern Railroad (O.J. McGillis) , 1929-1937
2/7 Grinnell, George B. , 1914-1922
2/8 Guardian Life Insurance Company , 1920-1923
2/9 Guie, Helster Dean , 1931
2/10 Guiterman, Arthur , 1929
2/11 "G" , 1921-1934
2/12 Hagedorn, Hermann , 1919-1927
2/13 Hagedorn, Hermann , 1928
2/14 Hagedorn, Hermann , 1929
2/15 Hagedorn, Hermann , 1930-1931
2/16 Hagedorn, Hermann , 1932-1938 and undated
2/17 Harrison, John Scott , 1922
2/18 William S. Hart Company , 1925
2/19 Harvey, O.M. , 1918
2/20 Hawley, Lee , 1918-1919
2/21 Hays, William , 1919-1920
2/22 Hebden, H.M. , 1921
2/23 Helena Chamber of Commerce , 1920-1935
2/24 High, George M. Jr. , 1921-1931
2/25 Hill, Frank , 1931-1934 and undated
2/26 Holter, Norman B. , 1921-1929
2/27 Hoover, Herbert , 1929
2/28 Horn, Ernest , 1927-1931
2/29 Hutchinson, Ernest, M. , 1922
2/30 "H" , 1916-1935
2/31 Iowa State Teachers Association , 1928
2/32 "I" , 1921-1930
2/33 James, Will , 1929
2/34 Johns, S.E. , 1916-1933
2/35 Junior Book of Authors , 1934
2/36 Junior Literary Guild , 1931-1932
2/37 "J" , 1916-1922
2/38 Kennedy, Charles Rann , 1926-1930
2/39 Kessler, Charles N. , 1919
2/40 Kimball, Marie Brace , 1930
2/41 Knowles, C.G. , 1920-1921
2/42 Krieghoff, W.G. , 1916
2/43 "K" , 1914-1937
2/44 Lanstrum., O.M. , 1916-1927
2/45 Lednum, Edmund T. , 1932-1933
2/46 Lee, Link , 1922 and undated
2/47 Lewis, J.E. , 1921-1922
2/48 Linderman, Minnie , 1931
2/49 Linderman, Harry G. , 1927
2/50 Linderman, Henry R. , 1911
2/51 Linderman, James , 1916 and undated
2/52 Linderman, John , 1917
2/53 Linderman, P.J. , 1912-1916
2/54 Linderman, Roy E. , 1933
2/55 Lochrie, Elizabeth , 1936-1938 and undated
2/56 Lodge, Henry Cabot , 1918-1919
2/57 "L" , 1920-1931
2/58 McCormick, Washington J. , 1920
3/1 McKelvie, Samuel R. , 1924-1937 and undated
3/2 Marlowe, Thomas N. , 1918-1922
3/3 Masonic Orders , 1914-1936
3/4 Mehard, Churchill , 1924
3/5 Merriam, Harold G. , 1921
3/6 Merrill, H.R. , 1932-1934 and undated
3/7 Minnesota State Teacher's College , 1928
3/8 University of Minnesota , 1928
3/9 Monroe, J.B. , 1914-1933 and undated
3/10 Montana State University (Missoula) , 1922
3/11 Montana Education Association , 1927
3/12 Montana Federation of Women's Clubs , 1934
3/13 Montana Historical Society , 1931-1937
3/14 Montana Newspaper Association , 1930-1933 and undated
3/15 Moore, Tom, undated
3/16 Morrison, P.A. , 1922
3/17 Moses, George H. , 1924-1931
3/18 Murgittroyd, William H. , 1915-1937
3/19 Myers, Henry L. , 1917-1922
3/20 "M" , 1922-1930
3/21 Thomas Nelson and Sons , 1922
3/22 North Dakota State Teachers College , 1928
3/23 "N" , 1920-1931
3/24 Outlook Company , 1927-1929
3/25 "O" , 1927-1930
3/26 Paxson, Edgar S. , 1911-1915
3/27 Pictorial Review Company , 1923-1930
3/28 Pinchot, Gifford , 1929
3/29 Plenty Coups, undated
3/30 Politics , 1904-1905
3/31 Politics , 1916
3/32 Politics , 1919-1920
3/33 Politics , 1924
3/34 Pray, Charles W. , 1929
3/35 George P. Putnam's Sons , 1927
3/36 "P" , 1919-1932
3/37 Reiss, Winold , 1935
3/38 Ritch, John B. , 1933
3/39 Roosevelt, Theodore , 1911
3/40 Rositer, R.W. , 1920-1930
3/41 Rossiter, H.D. , 1903
3/42 Russell, Charles M. , 1913-1928
3/43 Ryman, J.H.T. , 1928
3/44 "R" , 1929-1932
3/45 Sarett, Lew , 1922-1928
3/46 Saturday Evening Post , 1921-1931
3/47 Scheuerle, Joe , 1931-1937 and undated
3/48 Charles Scribner's Sons , 1914-1917
3/49 Charles Scribner's Sons , 1916-1917
3/50 Charles Scribner's Sons , 1918-1920
3/51 Charles Scribner's Sons , 1921
3/52 Charles Scribner's Sons , 1922
3/53 Charles Scribner's Sons , 1923-1924
3/54 Seltzer, Olaf C. , 1929
3/55 Sisson, E.O. , 1919-1921
3/56 Sloan, James J. , 1926-1927
3/57 South Dakota, Northern Normal & Industrial School , 1928
3/58 Stanford, Harry , 1920-1922
3/59 Starz, Emil , 1924-1936
3/60 Stone, Arthur L. , 1930 and undated
4/1 Stoops, Herbert M. , 1930-1938 and undated
4/2 Stuart, Mrs. Granville , 1919
4/3 Swetland, Manette , 1933 and undated
4/4 "S" , 1918-1933 and undated
4/5 Turney-High, Harry , 1933-1934
4/6 "T" , 1929-1937
4/7 Untermeyer, Louis , 1935
4/8 Van de Water, Frederic F. (Harcourt, Brace, and Co.) , 1932-1938
4/9 Van de Water, Frederic F. (Harcourt, Brace, and Co.) , 1932-1933
4/10 Vanity Fair , 1920
4/11 Wadsworth, O.F. , 1927-1930
4/12 Watt, James M. , 1905
4/13 Webster, Ralph E. , 1925-1930
4/14 Whicker, H.W. , 1937
4/15 White Elk, Valley , 1922
4/16 Who's Who in Literature , 1928
4/17 Wiley, C.W. , 1917
4/18 Williams, Mrs. James , 1906
4/19 World Book Company (Elmer Green) , 1929-1937
4/20 "W" , 1919-1937
4/21 Unidentified , 1911-1932 and undated
4/22 Concerned with books , 1914-1915
4/23 From children , 1923-1937
Subseries 2: Family Correspondence
Box/Folder
4/24 Dartmouth College , 1939
4/25 Death of Mr. and Mrs. Linderman , 1938-1941
4/26 Charles Greenfield , 1962
4/27 Linderman Plains Indian artifacts , 1938-1972
4/28 Frances Merriam , 1981
4/29 H.G. and Mrs. H.G. Merriam , 1938-1972
4/30 Mountain Press , 1985
4/31 Harold Paulsen , 1961
4/32 Sale of Linderman manuscripts, auction documentation , 1971-1981
4/33 University of Montana Library , 1967-1968

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Series III:  Writings , 1911-1986
2.5 linear feet

This series documents Linderman's published writings, including both those published before and after his death. Materials are divided into four subseries: Published Books, Published Short Stories and Poetry, Notes, and Writings of Others.

Published Books is the largest subgroup of the three. Formats include original manuscript notes and typed drafts, and drafts with notes by both Linderman and his daughters. For manuscripts published after his death, materials include multiple typings of manuscripts, editorial corrections, and copious notes about the original appearance of events or stories. The notes of his granddaughter, Sarah J. Hatfield, are particularly detailed; copies of the original envelopes in which each manuscript was housed, with her notes, are included in every folder. She provides extensive information on the contents of each manuscript, and often documents where original materials appear in the final publication. As such, it represents not only his creative processes, but the efforts of his heirs to publish his writings and perpetuate his memory. The manuscripts for Recollections of Charley Russell and Montana Adventure, both edited by H.G. Merriam, are included, with both Linderman's original and Merriam's editorial work documented. Likewise, the work of Larry Barsness, editor of Quartzville, is represented. Correspondence relating to these projects may be found in Series II.

In Published Short Stories and Poetry, there are also notes for and fragments of stories published on their own in periodicals. In addition, there is a group of mimeographed copies of Linderman's poetry with notes on their publication.

Linderman's Notes includes handwritten notes with story ideas, as well as a very valuable group of small notebooks that seem to have served as his field notes. They contain snatches of notes, particularly on Native American language and customs. Other items are more difficult to classify and include information copied from other sources with Linderman's notes on the back.

Writings of Others contains correspondence and manuscripts not by or addressed to Linderman that seems to have been collected as source material.

The series is arranged chronologically by publication date of the finished work; it is often not possible to date the manuscripts themselves.
Container(s)
Description
Subseries 1: Linderman's Published Books
On a Passing Frontier: Sketches from the Northwest, 1920
Box/Folder
5/1 Typed carbon copies with some long-hand editing notations by Wilda J. Linderman , [ca. 1920]
Indian Old-Man Stories: More Sparks from War Eagle's Lodge-Fire, 1920
Box/Folder
5/2 Four pages of carbon copy of the legend "How Skunk Helped the Coyote" , [ca. 1920]
Bunch-Grass and Blue Joint, 1921
Box/Folder
5/3 Type-written original and carbon copies of collected stories , [ca. 1921]
Kootenai Why Stories, 1926
Box/Folder
5/4 Hand-written notes , [ca. 1925]
5/5 First typed draft, with hand-written notes by Frank Bird Linderman , [ca. 1925]
American: The Life Story of a Great Indian, Plenty-Coups, Chief of the Crows, 1930
Box/Folder
5/6 Nine hand-written pages of notes , [ca. 1930]
5/7 Typewritten pages of "The Fight on the Little Big Horn" with hand-written notes , [ca. 1930]
Old-Man Coyote, 1931
Box/Folder
5/8 Handwritten notes and typescript of stories , [ca. 1931]
Blackfeet Indians: Pictures by Winold Reiss, story by Linderman , 1935
Box/Folder
5/9 "Out of the North," carbon copy with hand-written notations by Frank Bird Linderman on Blackfeet Indians , [ca. 1935]
Recollections of Charley Russell, H.G. Merriam, ed. , 1962
Box/Folder
5/10 Original copy of unedited manuscript , undated
5/11 My Recollections of Charley Russell, handwritten pages and typescript by Wilda J. Linderman , undated
5/12 Carbon typed copy of manuscript with editing marks by Wilda J. Linderman , undated
5/13 Copy of edited manuscript with many hand-written editing notes by Dr. Merriam , 1962
5/14 Edited manuscript with H. G. Merriam's marks , [ca. 1962]
6/1 Typed carbon copy with editing notations , 1962
Montana Adventure: The Recollections of Frank B. Linderman, H.G. Merriam, ed. , [1968]
(also titled My Camp Kettle Career)
Box/Folder
6/2 Five hand-written pages of notes by Frank Bird Linderman for autobiography , undated
6/3 245 pages of original typed manuscript with hand-written notations and additions by Frank Bird Linderman , undated
6/4 245 pages of original typed manuscript with hand-written notations and additions by Frank Bird Linderman , undated
6/5 H.G. Merriam manuscript , [ca. 1968]
Quartzville, Larry Barsness, ed. , 1985
Box/Folder
6/6 Story: "Lousey Hank," notes, original and draft , undated
6/7 Story: "Partners," original and draft , undated
6/8 Story: "Man from England" , undated
6/9 Story: "Yong Sing" , undated
6/10 Story: "Bohemian Club" , undated
6/11 Story: "Killing in Keep Cool" , undated
6/12 Story: "Bessie" , undated
6/13 Story: "Uncle Billy" , undated
6/14 Story: [untitled] , undated
6/15 Story: "Broncho Liz" , undated
6/16 First typed copy with editing marks by Wilda Linderman , undated
6/17 Typescript with editorial notes by S.J. Hatfield , [ca. 1984]
7/1 Final typing by S.J. Hatfield , [ca. 1984]
7/2 Page proofs, Mountain Press , [1985]
7/3 Galleys (photocopy) , [1985]
Wolf and the Winds, Hugh A. Dempsey introduction , 1986
Box/Folder
7/4 Handwritten original draft , undated
7/5 Handwritten original draft , undated
7/6 "First Plan," typescript with handwritten Frank Bird Linderman corrections , undated
7/7 Typescript with Frank Bird Linderman corrections and additions , undated
8/1 Typescript, second typing, with Frank Bird Linderman and Verne Linderman corrections and additions , undated
8/2 Typescript by S.J. Hatfield , 1981
8/3 Typescript by S.J. Hatfield , 1981
8/4 Typescript with typesetter's marks , [ca. 1986]
8/5 Typescript with typesetter's marks , [ca. 1986]
8/6 Galleys , [1986]
Subseries 2: Linderman's Published Short Stories and Poetry
Box/Folder
9/1 "A Dog's Life," original typescript , [published 1930]
9/2 "Red Cloud," carbon of typescript , [published 1933]
9/3 "Who Was This Soldier Chief?" carbon of typescript , [published 1934]
9/4 "A Little Flier in Wool," carbon of typescript , [published 1938]
9/5 "Stuck to Win" [published 1938]
9/6 "Little Bear (Chief of the Cree Tribe)" , undated
9/7 [Poetry], with notes on publication , undated
Subseries 3: Linderman's Notes
Box/Folder
9/8 [Notes and research material] , undated
9/9 [Linderman? Critique of painting, "When Shadows Hint Death" or "The Sun's Warning,"] undated
9/10 [Notes on plaster casting] , undated
9/11 [Notebooks on Native Americans] , undated
9/12 [Notebooks on Native Americans] , undated
Subseries 4: Writings of Others
Box/Folder
9/13 Photograph of ALS, Barnum Brown to Dr. Alfred Smith , 1920
9/14 "Brief--Subject--Dupuyer," signed SML
9/15 John R. Barrows, review of Will James The Lone Cowboy, "Windy Jim" , undated
9/16 Hawkins, "Blair the Regular" , undated
9/17 "An Incident in Dakota History" , undated
9/18 Henry Sieben--Pioneer , undated
9/19 "Staggerbear and Guzzlenot," by James Stevens , undated
9/20 "Ten Men Red with Blood and Dead" , undated
9/21 [Toast to Gov. Hauser] , undated
9/22 "Verse of John Anderson..." , undated
9/23 Stanley Vestal, biography and color print of Sitting Bull , undated

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Series IV:  Politics , 1918-1968
4 folders

This series contains a variety of items related to Linderman's campaign for the United States Senate in 1918 and 1924, and includes campaign materials, election records, and newspaper clippings. The last folder contains photocopies of notes made by H.G. Merriam as he edited Linderman's manuscript, Montana Adventure. Correspondence relating to Linderman's political career, including his terms in the Montana legislature, may be found in Series II under "Politics" and under the names of other politicians with whom he corresponded.

Materials are arranged chronologically.
Container(s)
Description
Box/Folder
9/24 Campaign , 1918
9/25 Campaign , 1924
9/26 Clippings , 1924
9/27 Original folders with annotations , [ca. 1968]

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Series V:  Memorabilia , 1911-1937
1 linear inch and oversize

This series contains a number of items collected by Linderman or by his family members and closely resembles the types of materials in Series VII: Portfolios. Contents include Linderman's membership card from the Osman Temple, a 1911 menu from the Montana Club, and a copyright registration card from 1933. There are also prints of artwork, including postcards and prints of Charley Russell paintings and a print of O. C. Seltzer's painting, Jerkline Freighter of Pioneer Days.

Materials are arranged chronologically.
Container(s)
Description
Box/Folder
9/28 Montana Club menu , 1911
9/29 Act of May 1, 1920
9/30 State of Montana Hunting and Fishing License , 1920
9/31 University of Montana bookstore receipt , 1920
9/32 Membership card, National Republican League , 1923
9/33 Copyright registration card, photo, "The Old Flag," Library of Congress , 1933
9/34 The Centennial of the Beginning of College Education for Women and of Coeducation on the College Level" , 1937
9/35 [List] , undated
9/36 List No. 92 , undated
9/37 Membership card, Osman Temple , undated
9/38 The Portrait Indispensable , undated
9/39 [Sketch of lion signed "JSL"] , undated
9/40 Postcards of Charley Russell paintings , undated
15 OS/1 Print of "Jerkline Freighter of Pioneer Days," by O.C. Seltzer , undated
15 OS/2 Prints of Charley Russell paintings , undated

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Series VI:  Publications , 1885-1992
0.75 linear feet

This series contains published materials by, about, and collected by Linderman and his family. The materials cover a wide range of subjects; most are not annotated. There is a 1939 issue of the Frontier and Midland featuring Linderman's writings and a 1933 review of Stumpy. Publications collected by Linderman include those on mining and Native Americans. The largest group are those collected by family members; many of these materials are pamphlets and other small publications of the Museum of the Plains Indian. Most of these describe aspects of Plains Indian history and culture, but do not seem to contain material directly related to Linderman. There are also a few modern newspapers that have articles about Linderman.

Materials are divided into four subseries: By Linderman, About Linderman, Collected by Linderman, and Collected by Linderman Family. The last two categories are determined by date and contents of the materials; there are seldom annotations that offer any other documentation. Within these categories, materials are arranged chronologically.

Container(s)
Description
Subseries 1: By Linderman
Box/Folder
9/41 Frontier and Midland, Spring 1939 (Vol. 19, no.3), featuring Frank Bird Linderman writings, not annotated
Subseries 2: About Linderman
Box/Folder
9/42 Brief review of "Stumpy," Fort Worth Star-Telegram , 3/19/1933
Subseries 3: Collected by Linderman
Box/Folder
9/43 Photocopy of "The Kalispel [sic] Country," from The Century Magazine, April 1885
9/44 Saturday Globe, vol. 20, no. 40 , February 16, 1901
9/45 Carlos Sellerier. Data Referring to Mexican Mining. Mexico: F.P. Hoeck and Company , 1901
15 OS/6 The Mountaineer, 1905
10/1 Mines and Minerals, February 1906
15 OS/3 Sheridan Enterprise, 12/21/1906
10/2 "Preparing Democracy for Peace," Charter Day Address, University of Montana Bulletin #208 , February 1918
10/3 "The War on the Yellowstone," National Parks Association , 1920
10/4 "Death of Charles Fenn," Helena Independent, 1923
10/5 Punch, March 21, 1928; July 17, 1929; July 31, 1929; September 18, 1929; September 25, 1929
15 OS/4 "The Buffalo and Early Buffalo Hunters" , 8/27/1931
10/6 The Chapter in Your Life Entitled San Francisco: Some Notes of Introduction. San Francisco: Californians, Inc. , 1937
10/7 "General Scott Starts for West to Take Talkies of Indians" , undated
10/8 Report on Alder Gulch, undated
Subseries 4: Collected by Linderman Family
Box/Folder
10/9 Sands Bros. Dry Goods Co. (Helena, Montana) catalog , [ca. 1920]
10/10 United States. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Indian Affairs. Indians At Work, March 1938
10/11 United States. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Indian Affairs. Three Maps of Indian Country, ca. 1948
10/12 Golden Anniversary of the Class of 1914, Helena High School , [1954]
10/13 Montana Institute of the Arts Quarterly, vol 12, no 2 , Winter 1960
10/14 The Buffalo in Western American Art: An Exhibition from the collections of the Glenbow Foundation. Calgary. Museum of the Plains Indian , 1961
10/15 United States. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Indian Affairs. The Bison Drive of the Blackfeet Indians, Museum of the Plains Indian , 1962
two copies
10/16 United States. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Indian Affairs. Museum of the Plains Indian, Archives Division. Blackfeet Agency Archives. Correspondence Relating to Affairs At Blackfeet Agency, Montana, 1873-1910, 1962
10/17 Modern American Indian Art: An Art Exhibition from the Collections of The Philbrook Art Center, Tulsa, Museum of the Plains Indian, Browning , 1963
10/18 Frontier Times, January 1964
10/19 Edmund Carpenter, Man and Art in the Arctic. Browning, Montana: Museum of the Plains Indian , 1964
10/20 Helen West. Meriwether Lewis in Blackfeet Country. Museum of the Plains Indian , 1964
10/21 United States. Department of the Interior, Indian Arts and Crafts Board. Bear Ceremonialism of the Kutenai Indians, 1966
10/22 Claude E. Schaefer. Le Blanc and La Gasse Predecessors of David Thompson in the Columbian Plateau. United States. Department of the Interior, Indian Arts and Crafts Board. Museum of the Plains Indian , 1966
10/23 United States. Department of the Interior, Indian Arts and Crafts Board. Development of the Museum of the Plains Indian and Crafts Center in Browning, Montana, 1965-1970
15 OS/5 Kalispell Weekly News, October 16, 1985, vol. 97, no. 8. Frank Bird Linderman article on front page. , October 16, 1985
10/24 The Senior Go-Getter, vol. 2, no. 4 , June 1992
10/25 United States. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Indian Affairs. Life on the Blackfeet Indian Reservation Today, undated
10/26 United States. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Indian Affairs. The Starvation Winter of the Piegan Indians, 1883-84, undated
10/27 United States. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Indian Affairs. The Blackfeet As Raiders, undated
10/28 [Brochure from Sarah J. Hatfield's art business advertising Frank Bird Linderman sculpture copies for sale] , undated
two copies

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Series VII:  Portfolios , 1885-1984
7 oversize portfolios

This series contains seven portfolios of materials by, collected by, and about Linderman that provide a useful biographical summary of Linderman's accomplishments. The first two document his career chronologically and contain photographs, letters, and memorabilia. The third documents his published books and contains correspondence with editors, reviews, and photographs, all arranged chronologically by the date of each book's publication. The fourth portfolio contains numerous photographs, memorabilia from Linderman's substantial involvement with the Masons, and prints of Native American paintings. The fifth contains correspondence collected for and about Linderman biographies, and also includes photographs of Linderman, sketches written by his children, and Linderman's own biographical notes. This correspondence is largely between scholars and Linderman's daughters. The sixth consists of photographs from Linderman's research files and includes miscellaneous historical pictures of Montana and surrounding states and images of Blackfeet, Coast, Cree, Chippewa, Flathead, Kootenai, Pend'Oreille, Oklahoma and Sioux Indians. The seventh is a group of photographs taken of displays of Linderman Native American artifacts at the University of Montana's Mansfield Library in about 1984.

The materials were arranged by Sarah J. Waller Hatfield, Linderman's granddaughter, in the late 1970s and early 1980s in thematic grouping; that order has been retained in its entirety by her request. Although portions of the materials in this series date after Linderman's death and were both produced and assembled by his heirs, the materials are mostly those produced and collected by Linderman, and so remain in this series rather than being intermingled with their genre categories. The only exception is the photographs, which remain as duplicates in the scrapbooks but are listed individually in Series VIII: Photographs.
Container(s)
Description
Volume
16 OS Portfolio 1, Career , 1885-1927
17 OS Portfolio 2, Career , 1927-1982
18 OS Portfolio 3, Published Books , 1920-1935
19 OS Portfolio 4, Photographs, Masonic memorabilia, prints of Native American paintings , 1904-[ca. 1920] and undated
20 OS Portfolio 5, Correspondence, Linderman biographies , 1904-1977 and undated
21 OS Portfolio 6, Photographs from Linderman files of Blackfeet, Coast, Cree, Chippewa, Flathead, Kootenai, Pend'Oreille, Oklahoma and Sioux Indians; Miscellaneous Historical Pictures , 1886-1937 and undated
19 OS Portfolio 7, Linderman Displays, Mansfield Library , [ca. 1984]

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Series VIII:  Photographs , ca. 1870-1985
525 images (2 linear ft. and oversize)

This series includes still image materials produced and collected by Linderman and his heirs and includes family portraits and snapshots, images of early Western settlers (some of whom were Linderman's friends and associates), images of Linderman displays at museums and other cultural resource agencies, notable and important images of Native Americans in the West, and a few photographs of forests and wildlife. The latter two categories seem to have been collected mostly for the purpose of illustrating books and other publications produced by Linderman. Many of the images were removed from the portfolios in Series VI so that they could be listed individually. One group of photos, "Buffalo Pictures," remains in its original album as the photographs could not be safely detached.

Family portraits and snapshots include both formal and informal images of Frank and Minnie Linderman, their daughters, and their grandchildren, and date from about 1885 to the 1950s; there are photos of Linderman taken as late as 1938. There are formal portraits of Linderman from his service in the Montana legislature and other organizations, including the Masons. There are images of various Linderman homes, notably the Goose Bay cabin, and businesses, including the assay and newspaper office in Sheridan, Montana.

Images of early Western settlers and prominent Montana businessmen and politicians include those of Duncan McDonald, Bob Vaughn, and W. H. Murgittroyd, and Theo Gibson. There are numerous photos of artist and author Charlie M. Russell. Other associates include Presidents Taft and Coolidge and the literary critic Frederick Van de Water.

Native American images include those of well-known individuals, including Plenty-Coups, Two-Comes-Over-the-Hill, Little Bear, Pretty-Shield, and White Elk. Notable images of Native American customs include many photographs of preparations for the Sun Dance and its accompanying gatherings. There are also numerous images of Indian artifacts, some of which may be part of Linderman's collections.

The forest and wildlife photographs are mostly those produced by commercial photographers, including the Glacier National Park photographer Hileman and the Forest Service photographer K.D. Swan. The wildlife photographs are largely unidentified as to location and date, but the species pictured are readily apparent. The forest photographs are well-identified and include subject, forest, and date.

Images of Linderman collection displays include those at the Museum of the Plains Indian in Browning, Montana; the Western Heritage Center in Billings, Montana; and the Mansfield Library at the University of Montana--Missoula.

Photographers represented include Linderman himself, Asahel Curtis, Edward Curtis, K. D. Swan, the Glacier National Park photographer Hileman, Morton J. Elrod, and Matthew Brady. Image formats include albumen prints, negatives, and modern color prints on cartes-de-visite (in varying sizes), postcards, and printing-out paper. Many of the Native American photographs are hand-colored. A number of the photographs appear to be modern reproductions of historic prints and are of variable image quality.

The photographs are arranged in their original order as dictated by scrapbooks and other housings. This gives them some thematic arrangement, but the researcher is advised to look at the listed photographs carefully to find all items on a particular subject. Many of the photographs have annotations on the back that have been transcribed in this finding aid; the source of these annotations appears to be Linderman and his family members, but the full provenance of these identifications and comments is largely unknown.
Container(s)
Description
From Portfolio 1, Career , 1885-1927
Box/Folder
11/1 007(VIII):1: Frank Bird Linderman at Oberlin College , ca. 1885
11/2 007(VIII):2: Frank Bird Linderman at Oberlin College , ca. 1885
11/3 007(VIII):3: Frank Bird Linderman and Samuel E. Johns , 1890
11/4 007(VIII):4: Andrew "Shorty" Balfour , undated
11/5 007(VIII):5: Frank Bird Linderman and Andrew Balfour , undated
11/6 007(VIII):6: Andrew Balfour , undated
11/7 007(VIII):7: Red Pipe Mine , undated
11/8 007(VIII):8: Minnie and Frank Bird Linderman, wedding portrait , 1893
11/9 007(VIII):9: Frank Bird Linderman in costume for a play, Sheridan, Montana , [ca. 1890s]
11/10 007(VIII):10: Frank Bird Linderman in costume for a play, Sheridan, Montana , [ca. 1890s]
11/11 007(VIII):11: Frank Bird Linderman and Minnie Linderman in costume for a play, Sheridan, Montana , [ca. 1890s]
11/12 007(VIII):12: Minnie Linderman in costume for a play, Sheridan, Montana , [ca. 1890s]
11/13 007(VIII):13: Frank Bird Linderman and Minnie Linderman in costume for a play, Sheridan, Montana , [ca. 1890s]
11/14 007(VIII):14: Frank Bird Linderman on stage in a play , [ca. 1890s]
11/15 007(VIII):15: Frank Bird Linderman and Minnie Linderman in costume for a play, Sheridan, Montana , [ca. 1890s]
11/16 007(VIII):16: Frank Bird Linderman Chinook & assay office, Sheridan, Montana , [ca. 1890s]
11/17 007(VIII):17: The Chinook--name of Frank Bird Linderman newspaper office, Sheridan, Montana , [ca. 1890s]
11/18 007(VIII):18: Frank Bird Linderman in apron in front of assay and newspaper office, Sheridan, Montana , [ca. 1890s]
11/19 007(VIII):19: Frank Bird Linderman Sheridan Montana assay office, Frank Bird Linderman is in the apron, Sheridan, Montana , [ca. 1900]
11/20 007(VIII):20: Frank Bird Linderman Assay Office, Sheridan, Montana , [ca. 1900]
11/21 007(VIII):21: Frank B. Linderman (far right) Morrison Cave (Lewis and Clark Caverns) , undated
11/22 007(VIII):22: Frank Bird Linderman home in Sheridan, Montana --daughters Verne, Norma and Wilda , [ca. 1900]
11/23 007(VIII):23: Modern color Photograph of Cartoon Man swinging club saying, "Now! Will you be good?" , undated
11/24 007(VIII):24: Seattle Parade, Frank Bird Linderman in Lewis and Clark outfit , [ca. 1904]
11/25 007(VIII):25: Frank Bird Linderman, portrait for 9th Legislature , [1907]
11/26 007(VIII):26: Frank Bird Linderman home. 524 W. Lawrence St., Helena, Montana, circa 1907-1917
11/27 007(VIII):27: Frank Bird Linderman looking left, high collar, no glasses. Portrait for 8th Legislature , [1903]
Box
22 OS 007(VIII):28: Legislature and Norma Linderman (Waller). "Norma Linderman Waller youngest daughter of Linderman in front.", Undated
11/28 007(VIII):29: 9th Legislature, group picture with crossed American Flags , [1905]
11/29 007(VIII):30: 8th Legislature, looking across the group, speaker in front seated, Linderman marked with "x" on photo , [1903]
Box
22 OS 007(VIII):31: 9th Legislative Assembly, Montana, standing on the steps of the Capitol , 1905
11/30 007(VIII):32: Modern color Photograph of cartoon of scalps nailed to a cabin wall , undated
11/31 007(VIII):33: Sam Prickett and Frank B. Linderman's burros. Sheridan, Montana , [ca. 1900]
11/32 007(VIII):34: "Brothers of Ours." Daddy's Burros. Sheridan, Montana , [ca. 1900]
11/33 007(VIII):35: Linderman mules, no location , undated
11/34 007(VIII):36: Linderman mules in a pack string, no location , undated
11/35 007(VIII):37: Frank Bird Linderman and Thunder Lodge at Broadwater. Frank Bird Linderman 2nd from left. Small format with writing around the edges , ca. 1910
11/36 007(VIII):38: Thunder Lodge painted by Mrs. Running Rabbit and Mrs. Buffalo Body at Broadwater , 1910
11/37 007(VIII):39: Frank Bird Linderman in front of Thunder Lodge painted for him by Mrs. Running Rabbit and Mrs. Buffalo Body. Frank Bird Linderman kneeling near lodge door in buck skins and a hat , ca. 1910
11/38 007(VIII):40: Frank Bird Linderman and Thunder Lodge Tipi at Broadwater, 1910. Frank Bird Linderman standing with feathers and a rifle (original and enlarged copy)
11/39 007(VIII):41: Frank Bird Linderman and Thunder Lodge Tipi at Broadwater, 1910. Frank Bird Linderman kneeling in Native American style dress with a buffalo horn hat
Box
22 OS 007(VIII):42: Frank Bird Linderman and Thunder Lodge at Broadwater, 1910. Frank Bird Linderman 2nd from left. , 1910
11/40 007(VIII):43: Frank Bird Linderman looking left, mustache, high collar and no glasses, 1962 copy of 8th Legislature portrait , [ca. 1905]
11/41 007(VIII):44: President Taft in Helena , undated
11/42 007(VIII):45: Teepee of Left Hand Boy, a Rocky Boy's Indian , undated
11/43 007(VIII):46: Teepee of Left Hand Boy, a Rocky Boy's Indian , undated
11/44 007(VIII):47: Lodge pitched for night, Rocky Boy's. Belonged to Left Hand Boy, a Rocky Boy Indian. , 1932
Box
22 OS 007(VIII):48: Left to Right: Chief Little Bear, Kinnewash, Bole, Secretary of Interior Lane, Jim Denney, Other Person, Pat Raspberry and Frank Bird Linderman in front of Placer Hotel. Helena, Montana. 1913 conference on securing land for Chief Little Bear and Tribe. , 1913
11/45 007(VIII):49: Rainbow Hotel, Great Falls, Montana. Banquet given by Frank Bird Linderman for Bob Vaughn on 80th birthday. 2nd from left, maybe Bob Vaughn. 3rd from left, Charles Marion Russell. 5th from left, Theo Gibson (?), 6th from left, Frank B. Linderman.
11/46 007(VIII):50: George Armstrong Custer, Signal Corps, USA. Robbins US History. Custer seated, seen waist up, copy photo , [ca. 1870]
[Matthew] Brady
11/47 007(VIII):51: Custer waist-up profile shot, copy Photo , [ca. 1870]
[Matthew] Brady
11/48 007(VIII):52: Algerian members, at Northern Pacific Station giving an identifying hand shake. Pictured: Imperial Potentate of UA, Dr. F.R. Smith, Ill. Potentate of Algeria Temple, John H. Hull, (autographed by him on back), Helena, Montana , 1915
Box
22 OS 007(VIII):53: Ancient and Accepted Scottish Rite, Helena, Montana, February 18, 1914. Degree Team, 15. Second Section, February 18, 1914. William Dryburgh (Palace Guard), Julius Holzman (Master of the Palace), A.I. Wahlgren (Master of Cavalry), E.D. Weed (King Kurash), N.P. Walters (Master of Infantry), R.J. Lemert (Master of the Household), J.L. Dyer (Palace Guard), Jacob Sultan (Beggar), Frank Bird Linderman (Zerubbabel).
Box
22 OS 007(VIII):54: Ancient and Accepted Scottish Rite, Helena, Montana, February 18, 1914. Degree Team, 15. First Section, February 18, 1914. Linderman standing with three other men. George H. Carlsley (Master of Ceremonies), Frank Bird Linderman (Zerubbabel). E.C. Day (Ruler), C.S. Haire (Junior Warden).
11/49 007(VIII):55: Lewis and Clark Centennial group with backs to a brick wall, Helena, Montana , [ca. 1904]
11/50 007(VIII):56: Lewis and Clark Centennial group with "natural" setting, (backdrop), Helena, Montana , [ca. 1904]
Box
22 OS 007(VIII):57: Large photograph of Masons on the steps of a Masonic Temple, Frank Bird Linderman on the back row , undated
11/51 007(VIII):58: Frank Bird Linderman and Minnie standing together. Small photo, full body shot. Minnie is wearing a hat with a feather, La Jolla, California., 1915-1916
11/52 007(VIII):59: Frank Bird Linderman small photo set in a large frame, glasses, looking left, in Helena , [ca. 1905]
11/53 007(VIII):60: Frank Bird Linderman Large format photo, full suit, looking straight on, angled right, in Helena , [ca. 1910]
11/54 007(VIII):61: President Coolidge fishing, no location , undated
11/55 007(VIII):62: "Cal Takes Ride in Lumber Wagon" printed on photo, no location , undated
11/56 007(VIII):63: Frank Bird Linderman, Pres. Coolidge and Mrs. Coolidge posing for photos, cameras seen in the foreground, no location , undated
11-57 007(VIII):64: Frank Bird Linderman and Mrs. Coolidge in a wagon. Caption on back "What did you tell her to get this laugh," no location , undated
11/58 007(VIII):65: President and Mrs. Coolidge washing gold at McKelvie's camp near Mystic, South Dakota. Rise photo , undated
11/59 007(VIII):66: President and Mrs. Coolidge panning gold at McKelvies, on back: "Frank Bird Linderman was there" undated
11/60 007(VIII):67: Mrs. Coolidge, posing in woods, no location , undated
11/61 007(VIII):68: Coolidge fishing in Slate Creek., undated
Rise
From Portfolio 2 Career
Box/Folder
11/62 007(VIII):69: Frank Bird Linderman, Santa Barbara, California , 1938
11/63 007(VIII):70: Frank Bird Linderman, Santa Barbara, California , 1938
11/64 007(VIII):71: Linderman artifact Collection on display in his den at the Goose Bay home , undated
11/65 007(VIII):72: Linderman artifact Collection on display in his den at the Goose Bay home , undated
11/66 007(VIII):73: Chippewa pad saddle, Linderman Plains Indian Collection , undated
11/67 007(VIII):74: Living room of Goose Bay Linderman home, 1938. Frank B. Linderman, Norma Linderman Waller, Sara Jane Waller (Hatfield), Richard L. Waller, Roy O. Waller, James B. Waller, Minnie J. Linderman , [ca. 1935]
11/68 007(VIII):75: Aerial photo of Goose Bay , 1930s
Major Stevens
11/69 007(VIII):76: Aerial photo of Goose Bay , 1930s
Major Stevens
11/70 007(VIII):77: Aerial photo of Goose Bay , 1930s
Major Stevens
11/71 007(VIII):78: Aerial photo of Goose Bay , 1930s
Major Stevens
11/72 007(VIII):79: Aerial photo of Goose Bay , 1930s
Major Stevens
11/73 007(VIII):80: Aerial photo of Goose Bay , 1930s
Major Stevens
11/74 007(VIII):81: Teepee painted by Mrs. Buffalo Body and Mrs. Running Rabbit. Where Charlie Russell stayed when he visited the Lindermans; lost in 1918 fire , undated
11/75 007(VIII):82: Teepee painted by Mrs. Buffalo Body and Mrs. Running Rabbit --Charlie Russell slept here. Lost in 1918 fire , undated
11/76 007(VIII):83: Frank Linderman and Minnie Linderman at Goose Bay , 1937
11/77 007(VIII):84: Dorthea Hagedorn and Frank B. Linderman, [on Flathead Lake?] , [ca. 1930]
11/78 007(VIII):85: Linderman Junior High School, Kalispell, Montana , [ca. 1955]
11/79 007(VIII):86: Linderman Junior High School, Kalispell, Montana , [ca. 1955]
11/80 007(VIII):87: Linderman Junior High School, Kalispell, Montana , undated
11/81 007(VIII):88: Linderman Junior High School, Kalispell, Montana , undated
11/82 007(VIII):89: Linderman Elementary School, Polson, Meiers Studio photo , [ca. 1955]
11/83 007(VIII):90: S.S. Frank B. Linderman, leaving Seattle for Alaska and the Aleutians , 1944
11/84 007(VIII):91: S.S. Frank B. Linderman, "The Atlantic Fleet Entering Puget Sound."
Copyright 1908, Asahel Curtis, Romans Photo Company, Seattle, Washington.
11/85 007(VIII):92: Claude Schaeffer and Norma Waller., outside Museum of Plains Indian, Browning, Montana , [ca. 1955]
11/86 007(VIII):93: Linderman Browning Exhibit, Cree, Lives of the Crow, Museum of Plains Indian, Browning, Montana , [ca. 1955]
11/87 007(VIII):94: Linderman Exhibit Plaque, no location , undated
11/88 007(VIII):95: Linderman Goose Bay lodge , undated
11/89 007(VIII):96: Billings, Montana , [1981]
11/90 007(VIII):97: Western Heritage Center sign with the Linderman Collection, Billings, Montana , [1981]
11/91 007(VIII):98: Head dresses [at Western Heritage Center] , [1981]
11/92 007(VIII):99: Linderman Collection items [at Western Heritage Center] , [1981]
11/93 007(VIII):100: Head dresses [at Western Heritage Center] , [1981]
11/94 007(VIII):101: Frank Linderman Collection sign [at Western Heritage Center] , [1981]
11/95 007(VIII):102: Frank Bird Linderman Collection displays [at Western Heritage Center] , [1981]
11/96 007(VIII):103: Frank Bird Linderman Collection displays [at Western Heritage Center] , [1981]
11/97 007(VIII):104: Frank Bird Linderman Collection displays [at Western Heritage Center] , [1981]
11/98 007(VIII):105: Frank Bird Linderman Collection displays [at Western Heritage Center] , [1981]
11/99 007(VIII):106: Frank Bird Linderman Collection displays [at Western Heritage Center] , [1981]
11/100 007(VIII):107: Frank Bird Linderman Collection displays [at Western Heritage Center] , [1981]
11/101 007(VIII):108: Frank Bird Linderman Collection displays [at Western Heritage Center] , [1981]
11/102 007(VIII):109: Frank Bird Linderman Collection displays [at Western Heritage Center] , [1981]
11/103 007(VIII):110: Frank Bird Linderman Collection displays [at Western Heritage Center] , [1981]
12/1 007(VIII):111: Frank Bird Linderman Collection displays [at Western Heritage Center] , [1981]
12/2 007(VIII):112: Frank Bird Linderman Collection displays [at Western Heritage Center] , [1981]
12/3 007(VIII):113: Frank Bird Linderman Collection displays [at Western Heritage Center] , [1981]
12/4 007(VIII):114: Frank Bird Linderman Collection displays [at Western Heritage Center] , [1981]
12/5 007(VIII):115: Frank Bird Linderman Collection displays [at Western Heritage Center] , [1981]
12/6 007(VIII):116: Chippewa Chief Big Rock. Holding a pipe. Standing with Crazy Boy, Great Falls, Montana (2 copies) , 1916
From Portfolio 3 Published Books
Box/Folder
12/7 007(VIII):117: First photograph ever made of Chief Big Rock (77), medicine man of Chippewa Indians, in front of lodge furnshed by Charles M. Russell in 1916 on rear of lot of Theodore Gibson's 4th Street and 4th Avenue property, Great Falls, Montana. Big Rock gave Frank Bird Linderman origin and ancient customs, superstitions, traditions and religion of Chippewa and used as basis of Indian Old-Man Stories, 1920 , Undated photo
12/8 007(VIII):118: Chippewa Chief Big Rock. Full shot of teepee and Big Rock., Great Falls, Montana, 1916 , Undated photo
12/9 007(VIII):119: Advertising window in Murgittroyd's in Spokane, Washington , [1920]
12/10 007(VIII):120: Photo of a painting of Plenty Coups, Jeanne Hamilton exhibit (Kalispell artist) , undated
Box
22 OS 007(VIII):121: Chief Plenty Coups at 80 on his horse , [ca. 1920?]
Box
22 OS 007(VIII):122: Plenty Coups at Fort Custer, 1890. He was 30 (40?) Years old at the time.
12/12 007(VIII):123: Chief Plenty Coups of the Crow, holding the book American about Himself , [ca. 1920]
two copies
12/14 007(VIII):124: Pretty Shield, elderly, profile , undated
12/15 007(VIII):125: Pretty Shield, elderly, straight on pose , undated
two copies
From Portfolio 5 Correspondence, Linderman biographies
Box/Folder
12/16 007(VIII):126: Frank Bird Linderman modeling Cree Chief Little Bear and description of the bust by Elmer Green , 1940
12/17 007(VIII):127: Frank Linderman, his father, James Linderman, Charley Russell and Dr. Nash of Helena in the Pleasant Mary Ann, trip down the Missouri , undated
From Portfolio 4 Photographs, Masonic memorabilia, prints of Native American paintings
Box
22 OS 007(VIII):128: Weasel Tail , undated
22 OS 007(VIII):129: "Souvenir Collection, courtesy N.P. Walters," W. Freeland Kendrick, Frank Bird Linderman, Edward Carson Day (?), "Algeria Mosque," June 19, 1920, The New York Store, Helena, Montana
22 OS 007(VIII):130: Masons (?) standing on steps outside building with Virginia City banner , 15 May 1904
22 OS 007(VIII):131: Two Guns White Calf , undated
Box/Folder
12/18 007(VIII):132: "Early Day Mining," 3 scenes on one sheet , undated
Box/Folder
12/19 007(VIII):133: 2 men standing at waters edge, photo of painting , undated
22 OS 007(VIII):134: Shrine Band, Helena; Frank Bird Linderman 3rd left - front row , undated
Box/Folder
12/20 007(VIII):135: John Allen, Joseph Smith, 106, Hudson Bay trapper & John Gressler. Frank Bird Linderman handwriting on back , undated
Box/Folder
12/21 007(VIII):136: Red Abbott , undated
22 OS 007(VIII):137: Frank B. Linderman's Lewis & Clark pageant, Helena, Montana , undated
Box/Folder
12/22 007(VIII):138: The Standing Rock S.C. Major McLanghelm & Sitting Bull , undated
Box/Folder
12/23 007(VIII):139: World War I Troop Ship, no location , undated
007(VIII):140: "Medicine Wheel, Big Horn Mountains, Wyoming; Believe it or Not Clipping about the medicine wheel" , undated
22 OS 007(VIII):141: "The "Mystic Shrine" of a Race extinct Medicine Wheel--Medicine Mt." Richard XT Ranch, Kirby, Montana." , undated
22 OS 007(VIII):142: Leo Coleman & Dr. Hoyt collection of heads: "Collection of heads belonging to Leo Cloeman and Dr. Hoyt, Glasgow, Montana, 2 sets genuine locked horns" , undated
22 OS 007(VIII):143: Missouri River, Gates of the Mountains , undated
22 OS 007(VIII):144: Elk hide painted by Chief Washakie of Shoshone Tribe.
Frank Bird Linderman hand-written notations on back: "This photo was taken from original painted elk hide painted to Chief Waskakieu of the Shoshone Tribe. Chief W. was born 1804--died 1900 buried in Post Cemetary Fort Washakie, WY."
22 OS 007(VIII):145: Mose Soloman, Joe Kipp, Bob Mills, Henry Kennedy John Largent (alive in 1918), July 1866, taken at Sioux City on way from Ft. Benton to St. Louis.
From Portfolio 6
Box/Folder
12/24 007(VIII):146: Duncan McDonald and his wife , undated
12/25 007(VIII):147: Blackfeet, undated
Bloom Bros. Co., printed in Germany
12/26 007(VIII):148: "U.S. Indian agent, Mayor Gaynor of New York, Horse Ghost, Spotted Eagle, Lour Dog, Grows Twice (Blackfeet)," noted in Linderman's hand , undated
12/27 007(VIII):149: Flathead Indians (postcard) , undated
12/28 007(VIII):150: Chief Charlo, Flathead , undated
12/29 007(VIII):151: Chief Duck, wife and Grandchild of Blackfoot Tribe, Canadian West
On back of postcard: "Dear Miss Lindy! At Banff we saw a fine exhibition of Indians riding by the Stoney Indians of the Sioux. A lovely trip. Best wishes, Frederick G. Bur--- [illegible], postmarked 7/27/1938"
12/30 007(VIII):152: small photo, unidentified Native American, no location , undated
12/31 007(VIII):153: Beaver-Head, Flathead, portrait , 1937
12/32 007(VIII):154: Beaver-Head, Flathead , 1937
12/33 007(VIII):155: Sergeant James King, Indian Scout U.S. Army 1871-1886, Served under General Custer, co. C, Sisseton, South Dakota, 1937
Handwritten on back: "Full blood Sisseton-Wahpeton Siouxùborn 1850. Entered service as a boy of 15--at age 21 became a scout, accompanied Custer west but was sent east with dispatches--had two horses shot from under him and was wounded five times--speaks very little English."
12/34 007(VIII):156: Group of unidentified Native Americans, portrait , undated
12/35 007(VIII):157: White Elk, from Oklahoma , undated
Handwritten on back: "Had a beautiful singing voice."
12/36 007(VIII):158: Dr. and Mrs. White Elk, card to Linderman, 1920.
Message on back: "Have been so busy I intended to write before this. Sent you a magazine--hope you get it at G.B. Will be at the Helena Fair all next week. Hope you are all fine. Write me there. All kinds of good wishes for yourself and family. Sincerely yours, Dr. and Mrs. White Elk." Postmarked 9/11/1920
12/37 007(VIII):159: Mrs. White Elk, coastal Indian, sitting on tree, portrait , undated
R.E. Marble, Glacier National Park, Belton, Montana.
12/38 007(VIII):160: Unidentified Native American , undated
12/39 007(VIII):161: Unidentified Native American , undated
12/40 007(VIII):162: Chief Red Cloud, [ca. 1880s]
D. F. Barry (Superior, Wisconsin)
12/41 007(VIII):163: Chief Fire Cloud, , 1886
D. F. Barry photographer, at Standing Rock
12/42 007(VIII):164: Passeo, Kootenai chief, son of Aneas, no location , undated
12/43 007(VIII):165: Joe Malta, Kootenai and Pend'Oreille Indian, no location , undated
12/44 007(VIII):166: Joe Malta, Kootenai and Pend'Oreille Indian, no location , undated
12/45 007(VIII):167: Joe Malta, Kootenai and Pend'Oreille Indian, no location , undated
12/46 007(VIII):168: Kootenai artifacts, "bought from Kootenai" , undated
12/47 007(VIII):169: Kootenai artifacts, no identification , undated
12/48 007(VIII):170: Kootenai artifacts, no identification , undated
12/49 007(VIII):171: Kootenai artifacts, no identification [some are in Series IX] , undated
12/50 007(VIII):172: Komsah Ellen Marhia, Kootenai , undated
12/51 007(VIII):173: Sam Baptiste, Kootenai , undated
12/52 007(VIII):174: Mathias Finley, Kootenai , undated
12/53 007(VIII):175: Sakali Finley, Kootenai , undated
12/54 007(VIII):176: Sam Baptiste, Kootenai , undated
12/55 007(VIII):177: Antiste and Josh Chiefhat, Kootenai, Mose Auld (half Chinaman [sic]) (postcard) , undated
12/56 007(VIII):178: Antiste and Josh Chiefhat, Kootenais , undated
12/57 007(VIII):179: Sam Baptiste, Kootenai , undated
12/58 007(VIII):180: Sam Baptiste, Camas, Montana, Flathead Reservation, Kootenai, undated
12/59 007(VIII):181: Kootenai Indians, Camas, Montana, Flathead Reservation. Chief Koostata, Josh Chiefhat, and Mose Auld (half Chinaman [sic]), , undated
12/60 007(VIII):182: Chiefhat, Kootenai , undated
12/61 007(VIII):183: Chiefhat, Kootenai , undated
12/62 007(VIII):184: Tobacco Plains Indians, Kootenai; Mathias Finley , undated
12/63 007(VIII):185: Wife of Koostata, Kootenai, portrait (postcard) , undated
12/64 007(VIII):186: Chief Koostata, wife and stepdaughter, Kootenai, portrait, undated
12/65 007(VIII):187: Wife of Koostata, Kootenai, portrait, undated
12/66 007(VIII):188: William Julien and wife, Kootenai, portrait, undated
12/67 007(VIII):189: Patrick Big Bear, Kootenai , undated
12/68 007(VIII):190: Mak-suk (Martin), wife, and child, Kootenai , undated
12/69 007(VIII):191: Paul, Chief of Tobacco Plains Indians, undated
12/70 007(VIII):192: Paul, Chief of Tobacco Plains Indians, undated
12/71 007(VIII):193: Native Americans on horses, unidentified , undated
12/72 007(VIII):194: Native Americans outside teepee, unidentified , undated
12/73 007(VIII):195: Native Americans outside teepee, unidentified , undated
12/74 007(VIII):196: Native Americans around ceremony poles, unidentified , undated
12/75 007(VIII):197: Andrew Valler, half-breed Cree; with Kootenai wife and two children , undated
12/76 007(VIII):198: Andrew Valler on horseback, undated
12/77 007(VIII):199: Native Americans in front of teepee within stockade, unidentified , undated
12/78 007(VIII):200: Group of Native Americans on horses in ceremonial dress, unidentified , undated
12/79 007(VIII):201: Two Native Americans on horses wearing capots, blurred photo, unidentified , undated
12/80 007(VIII):202: Group of Native Americans on horses, unidentified , undated
12/81 007(VIII):203: Group of Native Americans on horses, in town, unidentified , undated
12/82 007(VIII):204: Group of Native Americans on horses in ceremonial dress, horses with bit bridles,unidentified , undated
12/83 007(VIII):205: Group of Native Americans on horses in ceremonial dress, two wearing Flathead "dandy" style outfits with foral and with front pieces and vests, unidentified , undated
12/84 007(VIII):206: Teepees on plain, unidentified , undated
12/85 007(VIII):207: Teepee encampment on plain, unidentified , undated
12/86 007(VIII):208: Group of Native Americans on horses, ceremonial dress, unidentified , undated
12/87 007(VIII):209: Two Native American women on horses, unidentified , undated
12/88 007(VIII):210: Group of Native Americans on horses, ceremonial dress, unidentified , undated
12/89 007(VIII):211: Group of Native Americans standing in front of teepee, unidentified , undated
12/90 007(VIII):212: "Bill and Lizzie Gird and smoke" , undated
12/91 007(VIII):213: Group of Native Americans, standing in front of teepee, unidentified, undated
12/92 007(VIII):214: Native Americans at gathering, unidentified , undated
12/93 007(VIII):215: Child of S. Pierre, undated
12/94 007(VIII):216: Native Americans at gathering, unidentified , undated
12/95 007(VIII):217: McDonaer Stable , undated
12/96 007(VIII):218: Native American man behind bushes, blurred , undated
12/97 007(VIII):219: McDonaer ranch house , undated
12/98 007(VIII):220: Native Americans at a gathering
12/99 007(VIII):221: Native Americans at a Sun Dance , undated
12/100 007(VIII):222: Horse with travois, Native Americans in background, in town, unidentified , undated
12/101 007(VIII):223: Two European Americans in woods, unidentified , undated
12/102 007(VIII):224: Native American children, under shelter, unidentified , undated
12/103 007(VIII):225: Pictures of raising Medicine Man for Sun Dance ceremony, Kootenai , undated
12/104 007(VIII):226: Teepee encampment on Rocky Boy's for Sun Dance , 1934
12/105 007(VIII):227: Teepee encampment on Rocky Boy's for Sun Dance , 1934
12/106 007(VIII):228: Pictures of raising Medicine Man for Sun Dance ceremony, Kootenai , undated
12/107 007(VIII):229: Kootenai dance, Elmo, Montana , undated
12/108 007(VIII):230: Kootenai dance, Elmo, Montana , undated
13/1 007(VIII):231: Kootenai Sun Dance lodge, Elmo, Montana , undated
13/2 007(VIII):232: Kootenai Dance, Camas, Montana , undated
13/3 007(VIII):233: Thunder Lodge pitched near rail fence and outbuildings, undated
13/4 007(VIII):234: "Just before the Dance Beginning, Flathead Indian Reservation, Mont[ana]" , 1911
13/5 007(VIII):235: Kootenai Dance, Camas, Montana , undated
13/6 007(VIII):236: Dance arena, unidentified [Rocky Boy's?] , undated
13/7 007(VIII):237: "So-called medicine wheel in Bighorn County, made by those who live without fire," Frank Bird Linderman., 1931
Copyright Jasamine Spear Johnson
13/8 007(VIII):238: Chief Three Bear, Glacier National Park, Montana, undated
13/9 007(VIII):239: Group of European Americans on horses, soldiers in background, unidentified , undated
13/10 007(VIII):240: [At Rocky Boy (??)] Medecine Wheel (Looks like the one in Bighorn, Wyoming), [blurred photo] , undated
13/11 007(VIII):241: Buffalo-With-Him, age 82, taken by Linderman at Sun-Dance at Rocky Boy's , 6/28/1933
13/12 007(VIII):242: Buffalo-With-Him, age 82, taken by Linderman at Sun-Dance at Rocky Boy's , 6/28/1933
13/13 007(VIII):243: Buffalo-With-Him, age 82, taken by Linderman at Sun-Dance at Rocky Boy's , 6/28/1933
13/14 007(VIII):244: Buffalo-With-Him, age 82, taken by Linderman at Sun-Dance at Rocky Boy's , 6/28/1933
13/15 007(VIII):245: Linderman's lodge at Sun-Dance at Rocky Boy's , 6/28/1933
two copies
13/16 007(VIII):246: Linderman's lodge at Sun-Dance at Rocky Boy's , 6/28/1933
13/17 007(VIII):247: Linderman's lodge at Sun-Dance at Rocky Boy's , 6/28/1933
13/18 007(VIII):248: Linderman's lodge at Sun-Dance at Rocky Boy's , 6/28/1933
[double exposure]
13/19 Photos 249: Grain at Rocky Boy's , 1932
four copies
13/20 Photos 251: Grain at Rocky Boy's , 1932
13/31 Photos 252: Grain at Rocky Boy's , 1932
13/22 Photos 253: Grain at Rocky Boy's , 1932
three copies
13/23 007(VIII):254: Native American man, unidentified , undated
13/24 007(VIII):255: Native American man, unidentified , undated
13/25 007(VIII):256: Native American woman, unidentified , undated
13/26 007(VIII):257: Groups at Rocky Boy's, unidentified , undated
13/27 007(VIII):258: Groups at Rocky Boy's, unidentified , undated
13/28 007(VIII):259: Groups at Rocky Boy's, unidentified , undated
13/29 007(VIII):260: Groups at Rocky Boy's, unidentified , undated
13/30 007(VIII):261: Groups singers at Rocky Boy's, dancers in bacground, unidentified , undated
four copies
13/31 007(VIII):262: Native American children, Rocky Boy's Reservation, unidentified , undated
13/32 007(VIII):263: Rosie Gopher, Rocky Boy's child , undated
13/33 007(VIII):264: Rocky Boy's children, unidentified (2 copies) , undated
13/34 007(VIII):265: Native American man, unidentified (3 copies) [double exposure] , undated
13/35 007(VIII):266: Native American man, unidentified , undated
three copies
13/36 007(VIII):267: Woman and children in Sundance lodge, unidentified , undated
two copies
13/37 007(VIII):268: Native American child, unidentified , undated
two copies
13/38 007(VIII):269: Bear in woods, [Glacier National Park?] unidentified , undated
13/39 007(VIII):270: Two tangled deer heads in snow, [Glacier National Park?] unidentified , undated
13/40 007(VIII):271: Dinosaur bones, found near Glacier [national park], unidentified , undated
13/41 007(VIII):272: Group of Euro-American men and women in camp, [Glacier National Park?]unidentified , undated
[Morton J. Elrod photo?]
13/42 007(VIII):273: Euro-American man and two women on lake shore, [Glacier National Park?] unidentified , undated
[Morton J. Elrod photo?]
13/43 007(VIII):274: Euro-American man with freshly killed buck, [Glacier National Park?] unidentified , undated
13/44 007(VIII):275: Pack string, [Glacier National Park?] unidentified , undated
13/45 007(VIII):276: Tent camp by lake, [Glacier National Park?] unidentified , undated
13/46 007(VIII):277: Horses swimming creek, [Glacier National Park?] unidentified , undated
13/47 007(VIII):278: Horses swimming creek, [Glacier National Park?] unidentified , undated
13/48 007(VIII):279: Horse race, unidentified , undated
13/49 007(VIII):280: Euro-American men and women by train, unidentified [Linderman family in costume?], undated
13/50 007(VIII):281: Euro-American men and women by train, unidentified [Linderman family in costume?], undated
13/51 007(VIII):282: "Young white pine planted in old 1910 burn. Coeur d'Alene National Forest." , undated
K.D. Swan
13/52 007(VIII):283: White pine timber on Burnt Cabin Creek sale area. Coeur d'Alene National Forest, undated
K.D. Swan
13/53 007(VIII):284: Logging cut-over land. Results of poor brush disposal on lumber company land., undated
K.D. Swan
13/54 007(VIII):285: Larch, fir-type, state land near Radnor, Montana. , undated
K.D. Swan
13/55 007(VIII):286: Results of Half Moon Fire on North Fork Road near Bailey Lake, Flathead National Forest. , 1929
K.D. Swan
13/56 007(VIII):287: Logged-off land of lumber company. , undated
K.D. Swan
13/57 007(VIII):288: South fork of Flathead road near Dry Peak, before fire 1926. , undated
K.D. Swan
13/58 007(VIII):289: View of South Fork Road, after the fire (Lost Johnny), Flathead National Forest, 1925
K.D. Swan
13/59 Photos 290: Painting, Where the millions have gone, undated
J.H. Moser, National Museum
four copies
13/63 007(VIII):291: Painting, Still Hunting Buffaloes on the Northern Range
two copies
Portfolio 7: Photographs of Linderman Displays, Mansfield Library , ca. 1984
Box/Folder
13/66 007(VIII):292: Oil portrait of Linderman, J. Hamilton, Kalispell. Linderman display, Montana Room, Maureen and Mike Mansfield Library, the University of Montana--Missoula , ca. 1984
13/67 007(VIII):293: Eagle wing fan on display. Linderman display, Montana Room, Maureen and Mike Mansfield Library, the University of Montana--Missoula , ca. 1984
13/68 007(VIII):294: Buffalo bonnet on display. Linderman display, Montana Room, Maureen and Mike Mansfield Library, the University of Montana--Missoula , ca. 1984
13/69 007(VIII):295: Two Indian headdresses on display. Linderman display, Montana Room, Maureen and Mike Mansfield Library, the University of Montana--Missoula , ca. 1984
13/70 007(VIII):296: Assayer's scale on display. Linderman display, Montana Room, Maureen and Mike Mansfield Library, the University of Montana--Missoula , ca. 1984
13/71 007(VIII):297: Southwest corner of Montana room with Linderman displays. Linderman display, Montana Room, Maureen and Mike Mansfield Library, the University of Montana--Missoula , ca. 1984
13/72 007(VIII):298: Artifacts on display (circular beaded bag, quilled armlets, pipe, scabbard). Linderman display, Montana Room, Maureen and Mike Mansfield Library, the University of Montana--Missoula , ca. 1984
13/73 007(VIII):299: Artifacts on display (cradleboard, moccasins, rattle). Linderman display, Montana Room, Maureen and Mike Mansfield Library, the University of Montana--Missoula , ca. 1984
13/74 007(VIII):300: Artifacts on display (Cree dance rattle, Cree hammer). Linderman display, Montana Room, Maureen and Mike Mansfield Library, the University of Montana--Missoula , ca. 1984
13/75 007(VIII):301: Artifacts on display (Kootenai flesher, fish line, powder horn, rattle). Linderman display, Montana Room, Maureen and Mike Mansfield Library, the University of Montana--Missoula , ca. 1984
13/76 007(VIII):302: Parfleche and saddle on display. Linderman display, Montana Room, Maureen and Mike Mansfield Library, the University of Montana--Missoula , ca. 1984
13/77 007(VIII):303: Glass case with artifacts on display (Linderman sculptures, academic hood, Masonic objects). Linderman display, Montana Room, Maureen and Mike Mansfield Library, the University of Montana--Missoula , ca. 1984
13/78 007(VIII):304: South wall of Montana room with artifacts on display (snowshoes, paintings, et. al.). Linderman display, Montana Room, Maureen and Mike Mansfield Library, the University of Montana--Missoula , ca. 1984
13/79 007(VIII):305: Wooden case with Linderman sculptures on display. Linderman display, Montana Room, Maureen and Mike Mansfield Library, the University of Montana--Missoula , ca. 1984
13/90 007(VIII):306: Southwest wall of Montana room with Linderman objects on display. Linderman display, Montana Room, Maureen and Mike Mansfield Library, the University of Montana--Missoula , ca. 1984
13/81 007(VIII):307: Artifacts on display (typewriter, teepee, parfleche). Linderman display, Montana Room, Maureen and Mike Mansfield Library, the University of Montana--Missoula , ca. 1984
13/82 007(VIII):308: Artifacts on display (backrest et al). Linderman display, Montana Room, Maureen and Mike Mansfield Library, the University of Montana--Missoula , ca. 1984
13/83 007(VIII):309: Backrest on display. Linderman display, Montana Room, Maureen and Mike Mansfield Library, the University of Montana--Missoula , ca. 1984
Loose Photographs
Box/Folder
13/84 007(VIII):310: "Sasatank, Kiowa Chief" , undated
Collected by Brig. Gen. Geo. S. Anderson, 1849-1915
13/85 007(VIII):311: "Potawatomie Squaw" , undated
Collected by Brig. Gen. Geo. S. Anderson, 1849-1915
13/86 007(VIII):312: "Wichita" , undated
Collected by Brig. Gen. Geo. S. Anderson, 1849-1915
13/87 007(VIII):313: "Bunhi, Queen of the Cimaron", undated
Collected by Brig. Gen. Geo. S. Anderson, 1849-1915
13/88 007(VIII):314: "Boston Charley", undated
Collected by Brig. Gen. Geo. S. Anderson, 1849-1915
13/89 007(VIII):315: "Ute Squaw", undated
Collected by Brig. Gen. Geo. S. Anderson, 1849-1915"
13/90 007(VIII):316: "Capt. Jack", undated
Collected by Brig. Gen. Geo. S. Anderson, 1849-1915"
13/91 007(VIII):317: "Spotted Horse, The Indian in charge of the band I chased about the country last fall" , undated
Collected by Brig. Gen. Geo. S. Anderson, 1849-1915
13/92 007(VIII):318: "Buffalo, three years old and calf" , undated
Collected by Brig. Gen. Geo. S. Anderson, 1849-1915
13/93 007(VIII):319: "Ben Clark's squaw" , undated
Collected by Brig. Gen. Geo. S. Anderson, 1849-1915
13/94 007(VIII):320: "Red Cloud, Sioux Chief" , undated
Collected by Brig. Gen. Geo. S. Anderson, 1849-1915
13/95 007(VIII):321: "Rock painting" , undated
Collected by Brig. Gen. Geo. S. Anderson, 1849-1915
13/96 007(VIII):322: "Fort Lyon from across the Arkansas, Large building on rt. hospital; row of buildings. On rt. of flag staff, and on the end one of which two shutters (windows) can be seen --officers quarters. Buildings to left of flag staff --soldiers barracks." , undated
Collected by Brig. Gen. Geo. S. Anderson, 1849-1915
13/97 007(VIII):323: "Wichita Squaws" , undated
Collected by Brig. Gen. Geo. S. Anderson, 1849-1915
13/98 007(VIII):324: "Dove Eye the Lodge Queen, Spotted Tail's daughter" , undated
Collected by Brig. Gen. Geo. S. Anderson, 1849-1915
13/99 007(VIII):325: "Jake's squaw, a Sioux (?) of a few weeks" , undated
Collected by Brig. Gen. Geo. S. Anderson, 1849-1915
13/100 007(VIII):326: "Big Mouth, Arapahoe Chief" , undated
Collected by Brig. Gen. Geo. S. Anderson, 1849-1915
13/101 007(VIII):327: "Tall Bull, Chief of Sioux killed by Geo. Carr on the Republican River" , undated
Collected by Brig. Gen. Geo. S. Anderson, 1849-1915
13/102 007(VIII):328: "American Horse, Ogalally Chief" , undated
Collected by Brig. Gen. Geo. S. Anderson, 1849-1915
13/103 007(VIII):329: "Geo. Bent's Squaw" , undated
Collected by Brig. Gen. Geo. S. Anderson, 1849-1915
13/104 007(VIII):330: "Pueblo Indians, the band that murdered the first governor of New Mexico" , undated
Collected by Brig. Gen. Geo. S. Anderson, 1849-1915
13/105 007(VIII):331: "Patawatmie Chief" , undated
Collected by Brig. Gen. Geo. S. Anderson, 1849-1915
13/106 007(VIII):332: "Baby in a papoose" , undated
Collected by Brig. Gen. Geo. S. Anderson, 1849-1915
13/107 007(VIII):333: "Ute" , undated
Collected by Brig. Gen. Geo. S. Anderson, 1849-1915
13/108 007(VIII):334: "Wigwams (teepees) painted in various colors and trimmed with Buffalo tails" , undated
Collected by Brig. Gen. Geo. S. Anderson, 1849-1915
13/109 007(VIII):335: "Burros packed, a New Mexico transportation train loaded and ready for the road" , undated
Collected by Brig. Gen. Geo. S. Anderson, 1849-1915
13/110 007(VIII):336: "Latanta, Indian with a bow" , undated
Collected by Brig. Gen. Geo. S. Anderson, 1849-1915
13/111 007(VIII):337: "Spotted Tail's lodge" , undated
Collected by Brig. Gen. Geo. S. Anderson, 1849-1915
13/112 007(VIII):338: "Arapahoe squaws" , undated
Collected by Brig. Gen. Geo. S. Anderson, 1849-1915
13/113 007(VIII):339: "Shoshonee Charley" , undated
Collected by Brig. Gen. Geo. S. Anderson, 1849-1915
13/114 007(VIII):340: "Bannack Indians, Montana" , undated
Collected by Brig. Gen. Geo. S. Anderson, 1849-1915
13/115 007(VIII):341: "Mary Ann," Klondyke boats , undated
13/116 007(VIII):342: Garden Wall - Ants On Trail; "Glacier National Park Views" , undated
Hileman (Kalispell, Montana)
13/117 007(VIII):343: View Of Flathead Lake (two copies), Fred W. Wheaton (Kalispell, Montana) , [ca.1921]
13/118 007(VIII):344: Two foot wide crack, near Three Forks, Montana , undated
13/119 007(VIII):345: Flathead Lake, undated
Hileman (Kalispell, Montana), Glacier Park Photo Shop
two copies
13/120 007(VIII):346: Bad Rock Canyon, undated
Hileman (Kalispell, Montana), Glacier Park Photo Shop
13/121 007(VIII):347: Cub Bears in Pine Tree, undated
Hileman, Glacier Park Photo Shop (Kalispell, Montana)
13/122 007(VIII):348: Bear Grass, undated
Hileman, Glacier Park Photo Shop (Kalispell, Montana)
13/123 007(VIII):349: Stoners Dock, undated
Hileman, Glacier Park Photo Shop (Kalispell, Montana)
13/124 007(VIII):350: Man Feeding Cub Bear, undated
Hileman, Glacier Park Photo Shop (Kalispell, Montana)
14/1 007(VIII):351: The Majestic King (bighorn sheep), undated
Hileman, Glacier Park Photo Shop (Kalispell, Montana)
14/2 007(VIII):352: Native American woman feeding fawns, undated
Hileman, Glacier Park Photo Shop (Kalispell, Montana)
14/3 007(VIII):353: [Marten ?] caught in trap, undated
Hileman, Glacier Park Photo Shop (Kalispell, Montana)
14/4 007(VIII):354: Doe with two fawns, undated
Hileman, Glacier Park Photo Shop (Kalispell, Montana)
14/1=5 007(VIII):355: Person feeding big horn sheep, undated
Hileman, Glacier Park Photo Shop (Kalispell, Montana)
14/6 007(VIII):356: Charlie Russell, 1914
Eklund.
14/7 007(VIII):357: Charlie Russell, 1927
Eklund.
14/8 007(VIII):358: Charlie Russell dressed as an Indian
14/9 007(VIII):359: Bob Vaughn in a pioneer days Sunday suit, 1916
Letter on back: "Friend Frank: I started on my life's journey in Wales June 5th, 1836. June 14th, 1864, I reached Alder Gulch, Montana Territory. June 5th, 1916 in Great Falls at Hotel Rainbow, enjoying this banquet that you and Theodore are giving me on my eightieth birthday. I have no words to express my appreciation of this testimonial of friendship. Your friend, Bob Vaughan."
14/10 007(VIII):360: Theo Gibson, son of Sen. Paris Gibson, 1915
Eklund (Great Falls, Montana)
Signed on front "Sincerely, Theo Gibson"
14/11 007(VIII):361: Charlie Russell's cabin at Lake McDonald. Christmas card, "Thiri's Ariel View Service" (Polson, Montana) , 1913
14/12 007(VIII):362: [Charlie Russell's wife Nancy?] holding child , undated
14/13 007(VIII):363: Charlie Russell and wife, Nancy, holding child with writing on front that means "love Papa" , undated
14/14 007(VIII):364: Baby photo of Jack Russell, by Marble Studio , undated
14/15 007(VIII):365: Charlie Russell, Sara Johns, Frank Linderman, James B. Linderman, Dr. Nash, trip down the Missouri on the Pleasant Mary Ann , 1913
14/16 007(VIII):366: Frank Bird Linderman's painted lodge photo by Mannie Bay , 1918
14/17 007(VIII):367: Charlie Russell's home and studio , undated
post card
14/18 007(VIII):368: Boulder with plaque inset for Charlie Russell, plaque dated 1926 (Postcard) , undated
14/19 007(VIII):369: Photo of painting of Charlie Russell , undated
14/20 007(VIII):370: Verne Linderman at Linderman home, 524 W. Lawrence St., Helena , circa 1913
14/21 007(VIII):371: Will Miller at Linderman home, 524 W. Lawrence St., Helena, circa 1913
14/22 007(VIII):372: Charlie Russell at Linderman home, 524 W. Lawrence St., Helena, circa 1913
14/23 007(VIII):373: Unidentified man at Linderman home, 524 W. Lawrence St., Helena, circa 1913
14/24 007(VIII):374: Mr. and Mrs. C.M. and Nancy Russell at Linderman home, 524 W. Lawrence St., Helena, November, 1913
14/25 007(VIII):375: Frank Bird Linderman and Charlie Russell at Linderman home, 524 W. Lawrence St., Helena, November, 1913
14/26 007(VIII):376: "Saturday Afternoon at Home," Minnie Linderman and two daughters , circa 1913
14/27 007(VIII):377: Mrs. Nancy Russell , circa 1913
14/28 007(VIII):378: Mrs. Nancy Russell , circa 1913
14/28 007(VIII):379: Mr. and Mrs. Russell ready to take train to Great Falls , November 1913
14/28 007(VIII):380: Daddy [Frank Bird Linderman] and Charles Russell , circa 1913
14/29 007(VIII):381: Charlie Russell after operation at Rochester, photo by Eklund , undated
14/30 007(VIII):382: Charlie Russell beating himself at checkers , undated
14/31 007(VIII):383: Charlie Russell sitting in front of a painting
14/32 007(VIII):384: Charlie Russell, Nancy, Mrs. Baker (?) and F.B. Lindeman in front of car, [ca. 1914]
Message on back: "Hello: Do you remember the 4th of July 1914. Wish for your success in Primary and also General Election. Your friend, Dr. D. Baker"
14/33 007(VIII):385: Bird , undated
14/34 007(VIII):386: Bird , undated
14/35 007(VIII):387: Bird , undated
14/36 007(VIII):388: Chipmunk , undated
14/37 007(VIII):389: Lynx , undated
14/38 007(VIII):390: Bison , undated
14/39 007(VIII):391: Bison , undated
14/40 007(VIII):392: Bison , undated
14/41 007(VIII):393: Bison , undated
14/42 007(VIII):394: Bighorn sheep , undated
14/43 007(VIII):395: Goose nest , undated
14/44 007(VIII):396: Blue heron nest , undated
14/45 007(VIII):397: Christmas card of bison herd with one albino, from Alice Frost , undated
14/46 007(VIII):398: Bear sitting on a log , undated
14/47 007(VIII):399: Black bear and two cubs , undated
14/48 007(VIII):400: Black bear and two cubs , undated
14/49 007(VIII):401: Black bear and two cubs , undated
14/50 007(VIII):402: Two cubs playing in a tree , undated
14/51 007(VIII):403: One cub playing in a tree , undated
14/52 007(VIII):404: Bear on a boulder , undated
14/53 007(VIII):405: Bear on a boulder , undated
14/54 007(VIII):406: Man feeding cub as mother watches , undated
14/55 007(VIII):407: Man feeding cub as mother watches , undated
14/56 007(VIII):408: Black bear --close up , undated
14/57 007(VIII):409: Deer feeding on hay during winter --close up , undated
14/58 007(VIII):410: Deer feeding on hay during winter , undated
14/59 007(VIII):411: Deer feeding on hay during winter , undated
14/60 007(VIII):412: Deer feeding on hay during winter , undated
14/61 007(VIII):413: Ptarmigans , undated
14/62 007(VIII):414: Elk , undated
14/63 007(VIII):415: Antelope on the bison range , undated
14/64 007(VIII):416: Porcupine , undated
14/65 007(VIII):417: Mountain goat about to be shot, West Fork of the Teton River., undated
P.J. Ralston, Choteau, Montana
14/66 007(VIII):418: Little Bear, undated
14/67 007(VIII):419: Two-Comes-Over-The-Hill , undated
007(VIII):420: Unidentified man , undated
14/68 007(VIII):421: Two-Comes-Over-The-Hill , undated
14/69 007(VIII):422: Two-Comes-Over-The-Hill , undated
14/70 007(VIII):423: Frank Bird Linderman portrait , undated
14/71 007(VIII):424: Group of men, including Percy Rabon, Frank Bird Linderman, Theo Gibson, Capt. Lanstrum, and Charlie Russell , undated
14/72 007(VIII):425: Pretty-Shield as elder , 1931
14/73 007(VIII):426: Kitty Deer interpreter to Pretty Shield, March , 1931
two copies
14/74 007(VIII):427: Pretty Shield as elder , 1931
14/75 007(VIII):428: Pretty Shield as elder, in profile , March 1931
14/76 007(VIII):429: P.G. Morrison, 70 years , undated
(discovered the Lewis and Clark Caverns)
Box
22 OS 007(VIII):430: Little Bear, Chief of Crees (2 copies); undated
Box
22 OS 007(VIII):431: Charlie Russell dressed as an Indian , undated
Box
22 OS 007(VIII):432: Plenty Coups , undated
14/77 007(VIII):433: Mrs. Moffett , 1900
14/78 007(VIII):434: W.H. Murgittroyd , undated
14/79 007(VIII):435: Edward Carson Day , 12/25/1915
On front: "Fraternally yours, Edward Carson Day, 33 Sov, Grand Insp Gen'l in Montana."
14/80 007(VIII):436: "Your Sincere Friend 8th and 9th Assembly, William McGinnis , undated
14/81 007(VIII):437: Will H. Murgittroyd, Christmas. Spokane, Washington , 1930
14/82 007(VIII):438: J.D. Moffett , 1900
14/83 007(VIII):439: N.J. Brennan, 1913
Reed
14/84 007(VIII):440: "Early photo?" [mining camp?]
A.M. Moore
14/85 007(VIII):441: Frank Bird Linderman, Charlie Russell, and Chippewa Chief Big Rock in front of a lodge. , 1916
"One of first pictures ever taken of Big Rock after giving origin, ancient customs, superstitions, traditions & religion of Chippewa to Frank Bird Linderman and used in Indian Old Man Stories, 1920"
14/86 007(VIII):442: Flag, June 1933
Old flag bearing Washington eagle and thirteen stars of original colonies, owned by old Indian warrior, Loud Thunder, taken at last Sun Dance that Frank Linderman attended on Rocky Boy's Reservation, held by (l-r) Loud Thunder (Jim Gopher), Frenchman, and Linderman
007(VIII):442b: Camps and Country in and about Badger and Birch Creeks near headwaters , undated
Box
23 OS "Buffalo Pictures" album
Box
23 OS 007(VIII):443: Camps and Country in and about Badger and Birch Creeks near headwaters , undated
23 OS 007(VIII):444: Camps and Country in and about Badger and Birch Creeks near headwaters , undated
23 OS 007(VIII):445: Camps and Country in and about Badger and Birch Creeks near headwaters , undated
23 OS23 OS 007(VIII):446: Loading a pack horse, near Badger and Birch Creeks near head waters , undated
23 OS 007(VIII):447: Men in front of a cabin. Frank Bird Linderman center, near Badger and Birch Creeks near head waters , undated
23 OS 007(VIII):448: Pack train, near Badger and Birch Creeks near head waters , undated
23 OS 007(VIII):449: Hangman's tree near Helena. Copy of 30 April 1870 photo. , 30 April 1870
23 OS 007(VIII):450: Charles Goodnight, owner of the Goodnight buffalo herd. undated
23 OS 007(VIII):451: "War Cloud, king of the Corbin herd, (New Port, New Hampshire ??)" , undated
23 OS 007(VIII):452: "Buffalo, Kalispell Queen. Trampled a dog to death defending her calf" , undated
23 OS 007(VIII):453: "Cow and calf, Conrad herd" , undated
23 OS 007(VIII):454: "Tame buffalo cow being hand fed" , undated
23 OS 007(VIII):455: "Taming buffalo calves. Two in halters being led" , undated
23 OS 007(VIII):456: "Grazing buffalo with calf in the grass" , undated
23 OS 007(VIII):457: "Domestic cow nursing a buffalo calf" , undated
23 OS 007(VIII):459: "Conrad herd, (Col Baynes)" , undated
23 OS 007(VIII):460: "Small herd of Pablo herd. Col. E.M. Baynes (?)" , undated
23 OS 007(VIII):461: "Phillips bunch (buffalo herd) Pierre, South Dakota" , undated
23 OS 007(VIII):462: "Goodnight herd" , undated
23 OS 007(VIII):463: "Home of Keepra Wells (??), Rose Creek, Lamar Valley, Yellowstone herd" , undated
23 OS 007(VIII):464: "Goodnight herd. Goodnight, Texas" , undated
23 OS 007(VIII):465: "Buffalo ranch, Scotty Philip's place, Pierre, South Dakota" , undated
23 OS 007(VIII):466: "Dooly's Ranch house, Antelope Island in the Great Salt Lake, built by Mormons over 20 years ago and used by [illegible] to live in" , undated
23 OS 007(VIII):467: "Yellowstone park herd on the run" , undated
23 OS 007(VIII):468: "A herder" , undated
23 OS 007(VIII):469: "Buffalo in tall grass" , undated
23 OS 007(VIII):470: "Buffalo grazing on short grass" , undated
23 OS 007(VIII):471: "Buffalo cow up close" , undated
23 OS 007(VIII):472: Photo of a print "A Buffalo Family" , undated
23 OS 007(VIII):473: "Cattalo cow (buffalo/cow cross)" , undated
23 OS 007(VIII):474: Mare, undated
Mare Frank Bird Linderman rode in 1908 flood in Missoula to Helena and the animal Charley Peytore rode up Savare River where he was killed by Indians later in year. Winter scene in full tack
23 OS 007(VIII):475: Jack Monroe and "Red" Abbott, with horses in winter, dog on saddle , undated
23 OS 007(VIII):476: Teepees. "Sky scrapers of other days" , undated
Box/Folder
14/87 007(VIII):477: Eventide on the Fort Belknap Reservation , undated
[Loose from scrapbook and placed in folder.]
Box/Folder
14/88 007(VIII):478: Robber's Roost near Sheridan, Daly Ranch , undated
two copies [one in a folder]
Box/Folder
14/89 007(VIII):479: Pete Daly of Robber's Roost fame , undated
23 OS 007(VIII):480: Pack of wolfhounds around a dead coyote , undated
23 OS 007(VIII):481: Hangman's tree near Laurin , undated
two copies
23 OS 007(VIII):482: Logging in the Flathead. Horse team with logs and loggers , undated
23 OS 007(VIII):483: Various people in Linderman's Thunderlodge in Helena , [ca 1910]
23 OS 007(VIII):484: Various people outside Linderman's Thunderlodge in Helena , [ca 1910]
23 OS 007(VIII):485: Two young girls in front of Frank Bird Linderman's Thunderloge , [ca 1910]
23 OS 007(VIII):486: Linderman's Thunderlodge in Helena , [ca 1910]
23 OS 007(VIII):487: People digging on an unknown shore [Flathead Lake?] , undated
Box/Folder
14/90 007(VIII):488: Shore of an unknown lake. undated
Box/Folder
14/91 007(VIII):489: Charlie Russell, Frank Bird Linderman, James B. Linderman, Kreighoff at Kootenai lodge for a two week hunting trip , undated
23 OS 007(VIII):490: Charlie Russell, Frank Bird Linderman, James B. Linderman, Kreighoff, and others at Kootenai lodge. Posing with an owl , undated
23 OS 007(VIII):491: Shore of an unknown lake , undated
[Same as 488]
23 OS 007(VIII):492: Unknown lake , undated
23 OS 007(VIII):493: Unknown lake with boats , undated
23 OS 007(VIII):494: Charlie Russell, Frank Bird Linderman, James B. Linderman, Kreighoff, and others at Kootenai lodge, posing with an owl hanging from a tree , undated
Box/Folder
14/92 007(VIII):495: Charlie Russell, Percy, James B. Linderman, S.J., and Frank Bird Linderman with deer carcasses , undated
[Two copies, one in a folder]
23 OS 007(VIII):496: Fish hanging from a line between two trees , undated
23 OS 007(VIII):497: Charlie Russell, Frank Bird Linderman, James B. Linderman, Kreighoff, and others at Kootenai lodge , undated
23 OS 007(VIII):498: Linderman with rifle and feather fan in Indian garb outside of Thunder lodge, Helena , [ca. 1910]
23 OS 007(VIII):499: Linderman feather fan in blanket outside of Thunder lodge, ca 1910 in Helena. Broadwater , [ca. 1910]
23 OS 007(VIII):500: Unidentified creek near a ridge , undated
23 OS 007(VIII):501: Linderman ferry on the Flathead river , undated
23 OS 007(VIII):502: Joe Scheuerle and wife, autographed "yours truly" , undated
23 OS 007(VIII):503: "Gold Creek, where gold was first struck in Montana--spot where gold was found is where man is standing" , undated
23 OS 007(VIII):504: Con Price, unidentified man, Frank Bird Linderman, Kreighoff by stove, Charlie Russell seated , undated
23 OS 007(VIII):505: Dog pointing, "Lady Marion 779" , undated
23 OS 007(VIII):506: People on Rocky Boy's Reservation , undated
23 OS 007(VIII):507: Chief Little Bear and two men , undated
23 OS 007(VIII):508: Photo of original vigilante 3-7-77 notice , undated
23 OS 007(VIII):509: Photo of hangman's tree, Helena, Montana , undated
[Same as 449]
23 OS 007(VIII):510: Road to Newsome , undated
23 OS 007(VIII):511: Bridge across unknown river , undated
23 OS 007(VIII):512: Winter scene in Whitefish country , undated
23 OS 007(VIII):513: Camp of Newsome , undated
23 OS 007(VIII):514: Unknown river , undated
23 OS 007(VIII):515: Eventide on the Fort Belknap Reservation , undated
[Same as 477]
23 OS 007(VIII):516: Provincial Museum, Victoria, British Columbia, Canada , [ca. 1890s]
23 OS 007(VIII):517: Blacktail mill and a snow slide , undated
23 OS 007(VIII):518: Blacktail mill, Lincoln, Montana, "All for want of Holy Water" , undated
Loose Photograph
Box/Folder
14/93 007(VIII):519: Dr. O.M. Lanstrum, Helena , [ca. 1920]
In folder labeled "Famous People"--Friends of Linderman
Box/Folder
14/94 007(VIII):520: Frederick Van de Water, autographed portrait , 1934
14/95 007(VIII):521: Frederick Van de Water on porch , 1934
14/96 007(VIII):522: Charles Kennedy, autographed portrait , 7/30/1932
14/97 007(VIII):523: Edith Wynne Mathieson (Mrs. Charles Kennedy), portrait in costume, photo by Alice Boughton , undated
14/98 007(VIII):524: Edith Wynne Mathieson (Mrs. Charles Kennedy), autographed portrait , 1932
14/99 007(VIII):525: Guisseppe Garibaldi, autographed portrait, photo by Muray Studios, NY, NY , undated
Loose Photograph
Box/Folder
14/100 007(VIII):526: Plenty-Coups, Plain-Bull, and Coyote-Runs [left to right].
Edward Curtis
On back of framed image in Frank Bird Linderman manuscript: "Strange that Curtis should have selected these 3 who figure in American," signed "Frank Bird Linderman." "In picture from left to right. Coyote-Runs, Plain-Bull, and Plenty-Coups--and the buffalo skull mentioned by (Frank Bird Linderman) by [sic] me."
Photographs formerly in Archives Photo Collection
Box/Folder
14/101 89-239 or 007(VIII):527: Montana Legislature with Frank B. Linderman , ca. 1908
14/102 89-240 or 007(VIII):528: Portrait of Frank B. Linderman , ca. 1908
14/103 89-241 or 007(VIII):529: Conference on securing land for Chief Little Bear [Rocky Boy's Reservation]. Left to right: Chief Little Bear, Kinnewash, Secretary of Interior Bole, Jim Denney, unidentified, Pat Raspberry, Frank Linderman. Placer Hotel, Helena, Montana , ca. 1913
14/104 89-242 or 007(VIII):530: Sam Prickett and Frank Linderman's burros , ca. 1900
14/105 89-333 or 007(VIII):531: Frank Linderman, Dr. Nash, Charles Russell, James B. Linderman in canoe , undated
14/106 89-334 or 007(VIII):532: Plenty-Coups, Chief of Crow. Fort Custer, Montana , ca. 1890
14/107 89-335 or 007(VIII):533: Lodge pitched for Frank Linderman when he was the guest of the Native Americans for the Sun Dance , undated
14/108 89-336 or 007(VIII):534: Frank Linderman in apron in front of his newspaper office in Sheridan, Montana , ca. 1900
14/109 89-337 or 007(VIII):535: Frank Linderman's home in Sheridan, Montana , ca. 1900
14/110 89-338 or 007(VIII):536: Frank Linderman's Chinook and Assay Office in Sheridan, Montana , ca. 1900
14/111 90-84 or 007(VIII):537: Kootenai housing, location unknown , ca. 1900
14/112 90-85 or 007(VIII):538: Frank Linderman in full Indian dress, sitting in front of teepee , ca. 1926
Neg 90-86 or 007(VIII):539: Frank Linderman in full Indian dress, standing in front of teepee , ca. 1926
Neg 90-87 or 007(VIII):540: Chippewa Chief Big Rock [left] and Crazy Boy [right] in front of lodge furnished by Charles M. Russell on a lot at the rear of Theodore Gibson's home, Fourth Street and Fourth Avenue in Great Falls, Montana , ca. 1916
14/113 90-111 or 007(VIII):541: Raising of the Medicine Man for the Sun Dance ceremony of the Kooenai tribe in Elmo, Montana , ca. 1910
Neg 90-169 or 007(VIII):542: S.S. Frank Linderman, photo taken in July 1944, leaving Seattle, Washington, for Alaska and the Aleutians , July 1944
14/114 90-172 or 007(VIII):543: Political cartoon about Frank Linderman , ca. 1905
14/115 90-173 or 007(VIII):544: Political cartoon about Frank Linderman , ca. 1905
14/116 92-67 or 007(VIII):545: Kootenai tribe at Elmo, Montana, dance , ca. 1910
14/117 92-68 or 007(VIII):546: Raising Medicine Man at Sun Dance ceremony, Kootenai at Elmo, Montana , ca. 1910
14/118 92-69 or 007(VIII):547: Kootenai dance, no location , undated
14/119 92-70 or 007(VIII):548: Big Rock, no location , undated
14/120 92-282 or 007(VIII):549: Letter, Charlie Russell to Frank Linderman , 5 November 1917
14/121 92-350 or 007(VIII):550: Little Bear, Chief of the Cree , undated
Neg 93-2482 or 007(VIII):551: Group photograph at Rainbow Hotel, Great Falls , undated
Banquet given by Frank Linderman, Theodore Gibson for Bob Vaugn's 80th birthday. Second from left: Bob Vaughn. Third from left: Charlie Russell. Fifth from left: Theodore Gibson. Sixth from left: Frank Linderman.
Neg 93-3243 or 007(VIII):552: Old flag, June 1933
Old flag bearing Washington eagle and thirteen stars of original colonies, owned by old Indian warrior in background, taken at last Sun Dance Frank Linderman attended on Rocky Boy's Reservation
Neg 93-3566 or 007(VIII):553: Old flag, June 1933
Old flag bearing Washington eagle and thirteen stars of original colonies, owned by old Indian warrior, Loud Thunder, taken at last Sun Dance that Frank Linderman attended on Rocky Boy's Reservation, held by (l-r) Loud Thunder (Jim Gopher), Frenchman, and Linderman
Neg 94-4178 or 007(VIII):554: Chief Plenty-Coups , undated
Neg 94-4179 or 007(VIII):555: Pretty-Shield, Crow medicine woman , 1931
Neg 94-3470 or 007(VIII):556: Linderman family in teepee , undated
Neg 94-4371 or 007(VIII):557: Thunder Lodge, Linderman family, painted 1910 in Helena, Montana. , Photo undated
Neg 94-4372 or 007(VIII):558: Two Linderman children in front of Thunderlodge , undated
114/122 91-1 or 007(VIII):559: Two-Comes-Over-The-Hill, Kootenai , undated
Neg 97-2 or 007(VIII):560: Charlie Russell, Frank Linderman, Chief Big Rock , undated
Box/Folder
10/29 Glacier Park Photo Shop envelope , 1931

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Series IX:  Artifacts , circa 1825-1940
81 objects

Items L1 through L43 in this series are Native American artifacts collected by Linderman during his lifetime. Objects include both everyday and ceremonial items associated with men, women, and children. Tribes represented include Assiniboine, Blackfeet, Cheyenne, Chippewa, Cree, Crow, Flathead, Gros Ventre. For detailed information on this portion of the Linderman artifact collection, see Billy Kelly’s MA thesis, Frank Bird Linderman Collection: A Study in Historic Material Culture. The University of Montana (Missoula). Interdisciplinary Studies Program, 1995.

Items L44 through L81 include printing plates from Linderman’s businesses, publishing, and political campaigns and clothing worn by Linderman and family members such as Masonic aprons and hats, vests, kimonos, and opera gloves. It also includes a few items of memorabilia such as a cigarette holder and a painting by Montana artist, Tom Moore.

Container(s)
Description
box-item
L10 Blackfeet parfleche, painted rawhide , undated
L11 Blackfeet parfleche, painted rawhide , undated
L30 Crow parfleche, painted rawhide , undated
L02 Assiniboine war bull bonnet , undated
L13 a,b Blackfeet beaded strips from leggings , undated
L15 a,b Cheyenne beaded moccasins , undated
L16 a,b Cheyenne beaded moccasins , undated
L23 a,b Cree otter skin and eagle feather collar , circa 1825-1885
L12 a,b Blackfeet beaded strips from shirt , undated
L19 Chippewa beaded leggings on blue wool , undated
L20 Chippewa beaded vest , undated
L08 Blackfeet beaded belt with brass studs , undated
L14 a,b, Cheyenne beaded baby moccasins , undated
L18 Cheyenne war bonnet with beaded band , undated
L33 a,b Crow beaded armlets with shell ornaments , undated
L34 a,b Flathead women's beaded leggings , circa 1900
L1 a,b Assiniboine beaded legging strips , undated
L03 Assiniboine eagle wing fan , undated
L04 Blackfeet beaded leather pouch , undated
L06 a,b,c Blackfeet medicine bag, unborn buffalo calf pouch , undated
L21 Chippewa beaded arm band , undated
L26 Cree beaded deerskin pouch , undated
L28 Cree wolf war bonnet , circa 1890
L29 a,b Crow quilled armlets , undated
L32 Crow beaded knife scabbard , undated
L35 Flathead fish line with horse hair line and metal hook , circa 1885-1938
L41 Kootenai rattle, deerskin thongs and hoofs , undated
L42 Kootenai shell bracelet , undated
L05 Blackfeet sweet grass braid, undated
L17 Cheyenne berry necklace, undated
L36 a,b Gros Ventre black stone pipe and stem, undated
L39 Kootenai flesher, made of moose horn, undated
L40 Kootenai flesher, made of elk horn, undated
L43 a,b, Sioux stone pipe bowl and stem, undated
L09 Blackfeet powder horn, buffalo horn, undated
L25 Cree hand ornament, buffalo hoof and beaded stick, undated
L31 Crow rawhide rattle made of buffalo scrotum, undated
L37 Iroquois roach head with porcupine quills, undated
L44 a,b, Sioux red catlinite stone pipe and bowl, undated
L24 Cree hammer with rawhide handle, undated
L38 Kootenai back cradle of beaded deerskin, undated
L07 Blackfeet back rest, willow and sinew, undated
L22 Cree buffalo bonnet, circa 1885
L27 Cree women's buffalo hide saddle, circa 1900
L45 a,b,c,d Four printer plates mounted on wood blocks, circa 1921
L46 a,b,c Three printer plates, unmounted, circa 1921
L47 Cigarette holder in black case, undated
L48 Montana Savings Bank deposit stamp, undated
L49 Stone net sinker, undated
L50 Black hat with hatpin, circa 1940
L51 Black and white linen middy blouse, circa 1905
L52 White linen knickers, undated
L53 Black and white handmade women's swimsuit, circa 1915
L54 Burgundy red floral crepe kimono, undated
L55 Burgundy red floral silk kimono with lace trim, undated
L56 Black crepe dress, circa 1936
L57 Beige button and buckle wool felt spats, circa 1917
L58 Off-white high collar net liner worn under a blouse, undated
L59 Cream colored silk scarf, undated
L60 Dark green knit wool leggings, circa 1890
L61 Tan silk fabric from dress worn by Norma Linderman Waller to the Governor's Ball in Helena, Montana, circa 1908
L62 Beige pleated chiffon collar tirmmed with lace, undated
L63 Elbow length white lace opera gloves, undated
L64 Elbow length black lace opera gloves, undated
L65 Off-white and gold mesh high collar , 1895
L66 Black taffeta sash, circa 1910
L67 Pink taffeta sash, circa 1910
L68 Four crocheted baby hats, circa 1895
L69 Light blue and cream colored cotton Masonic apron, circa 1920s
L70 Royal blue velvet, cream color fabric, and brocade Masonic apron, circa 1920s
L71 French Canadian Voyageur Red River sash, undated
L72 Six printer plates, undated
L73 Black derby hat worn by Linderman for Eighth and Ninth Montana legislatures, circa 1903
L74 Honorary 33rd degree Masonry hat, undated
L75 Wine felt Algeria Fez, undated
L76 "Pain" moccasins sent by Frank B. Linderman to his eldest daughter, circa 1933
L77 Grey-blue vest with cinnamon colored velvet raised design, undated
L78 Honorary doctorate hood from the University of Montana, 1927
L79 a-g Clothing worn by Linderman for Eighth and Ninth Montana legislatures, circa 1905
L80 Glass fragment from the 8th Montana legislature's clock, circa 1903
L81 Painting of Native American man by artist, Tom Moore, Hamilton, Montana, undated

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Series X:  Accession 2000-42, 1901-2001
0.5 linear feet

This series includes a membership certificate, a few folders of correspondence, a couple of writings by Linderman, miscellaneous notes, personal accounts records, issues of his daughters’ high school’s newspapers, yearbook and a few photos.

Container(s)
Description
Box/Folder
25/1 National Geographic Society membership certificate, 1929
25/2 Carl Link, correspondence, brochures, and photos, 1937-2001
25/3 Prints by Carl Link, signed, 1937-1938
25/4 Handwritten copy of the introduction to Indian Why Stories, circa 1915
25/5 A Calender of Historic Events in the State of Montana (in 1913) by Frank B. Linderman, 1913
25/6 Miscellaneous notes, circa 1904
25/7 Miscellaneous notebook, undated
25/8 Two brochures about art exhibits in Santa Barbara, California, including works of Charlie Russell, 1925-1927
25/9 Check register, 1911-1912
25/10 Cash accounts notebook, 1901-1904
25/11 Cash accounts notebook, 1905-1911
25/12 Accounting ledger, 1935-1937
25/13 Helena Public Schools notebook with lists of book titles and authors, undated
25/14 The Nugget, a Helena High School publication, Helena, Montana, 1910-1911
25/15 The Nugget, a Helena High School publication, Helena, Montana, 1912-1914
25/16 The Vigilante, a Helena High School yearbook, Helena, Montana, 1918
25/17 Photos of steer hides with Teddy Roosevelt's brand and one inscribed with a poem by Frank B. Linderman, undated
25/18 Miscellaneous photos and a brochure, undated
25/19 Two photos of Beaver Head, a Flathead Indian, undated

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Series XI:  Accession 2001-11, 1886-1997
1.25 linear feet

This series includes a short story, four drafts of Henry Plummer, and some miscellaneous items mostly reflecting Linderman’s businesses, his social activities and interactions with two other authors.

Container(s)
Description
Subseries 1: Writings
Box/Folder
26/1 "Boy and his Wife" manuscript, undated
26/2 Henry Plummer notes, letters, and research, 1909-1998
26/3 Henry Plummer, original typed manuscript, pages 1-180, circa 1922
26/4 Henry Plummer, original typed manuscript, pages 181-364, circa 1922
26/5 Henry Plummer, carbon copy, pages 1-180, circa 1922
26/6 Henry Plummer, carbon copy, pages 181-364, circa 1922
27/1 Henry Plummer, proof, pages vii-125, undated
27/2 Henry Plummer, proof, pages 126-221, undated
27/3 Henry Plummer, master copy with edits, pages 1-175, 1997
27/4 Henry Plummer, master copy with edits, pages 176-358, 1997
Subseries 2: Miscellaneous
Box/Folder
27/5 Photos of Robber's Roost, undated
27/6 Stationery samples from Frank B. Linderman's businesses and political campaigns, 1897-1920
27/7 Germania Life Insurance notebook, undated
27/8 Two Germania Life Insurance notebooks stamped with "Frank B. Linderman, State Agent, Helena, Mont.", circa 1921
27/9 Burgundy leather notebook with scattered notes, undated
27/10 Frank B. Linderman, National Bank of Montana account book, 1910-1914
27/11 Webster notebook with handwritten notes about Latin vocabulary words, undated
28/1 Andrew's Souvenir, Facts and Figures Selected from "Look Within", 1886
28/2 Standard Monitor of the Grand Lodge of Ancient, Free, and Accepted Masons of Montana, inscribed by Frank B. Linderman, undated
28/3 Constitution, House Rules, Officers and Members of The Montana Club of Helena, Montana, 1910
28/4 The Battle of the Little Big Horn by Wallace David Coburn with a note from Coburn to Linderman and a photo of the two men, circa 1936
28/5 The Making of Maryland by Elmer Green with a note from Green to Linderman, 1934
39 OS/3 Two views of pueblos near Hualpi, Arizona, done by Butte photographer Wittick, circa 1908

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Series XII:  Accession 2005-16, 1927-2005
1.5 linear feet

This series includes drafts of Big Jinny published in 2005, Henry Plummer published in 2000, and The Iron Shirt published in 2004. It also includes a small amount of research materials and copies of two letters regarding The Iron Shirt, one from Charles M. Russell and one from Charles Scribner’s Sons. Some of the drafts list names of the Linderman family members who contributed to the editing process, including Linderman himself, his daughters, Wilda and Verne, his granddaughter, Sarah Waller Hatfield, and her husband, Robert G. Hatfield.

Container(s)
Description
Box/Folder
29/1 Big Jinny, typed manuscript, undated
29/2 Big Jinny, typed manuscript, 1927
29/3 Big Jinny, typed manuscript with color illustrations by Elizabeth Lochrie, undated
29/4 Henry Plummer, typed manuscript with editing, pages 1-149, undated
29/5 Henry Plummer, typed manuscript with editing, pages 150-363, undated
29/6 The Iron Shirt, handwritten manuscript, pages 1-80, undated
30/1 The Iron Shirt, handwritten manuscript, pages 81-160, undated
30/2 The Iron Shirt, handwritten manuscript, pages 161-235, undated
30/3 The Iron Shirt, first typed draft, pages 1-275, undated
31/1 The Iron Shirt, second typed draft, pages 1-211, undated
31/2 The Iron Shirt, third draft, computer print out, pages 1-215, undated
31/3 The Iron Shirt, final draft, computer print out, pages 1-216, undated
31/4 Two letters regarding The Iron Shirt, 1918-1927
31/5 Research for The Iron Shirt, undated

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Series XIII:  Accession 2006-27, 1904-2001
1.0 linear feet

This series includes correspondence regarding American, The Life Story of Plenty-Coups, Chief of the Crows; Big Jinny; Indian Why Stories; Indian Old Man Stories; Wolf and the Winds; Quartzville and Recollections of Charley Russell. The series also holds some unpublished Indian legend manuscripts like those included in Indian Why Stories, notes about stories related in Montana Adventure, reviews of American, The Life Story of Plenty-Coups, Chief of the Crows, and a miscellaneous assortment of photos of the Lindermans and family friends.

Container(s)
Description
Subseries 1: Correspondence
Box/Folder
32/1 Correspondence regarding American, The Life Story of Plenty-Coups, Chief of the Crows, 1945-2001
32/2 Correspondence regarding copyright infringement and American, The Life Story of Plenty-Coups, Chief of the Crows, 1963-1965
32/3 Balfour, A.M. ("Shorty"), 1921-1924
32/4 Correspondence regarding Big Jinny, 1904-1937
32/5 Correspondence regarding Big Jinny, 1938-2003
32/6 Correspondence from David C. Andrews of the Piegan Storyteller James Willard Schultz Socienty, 1983-1985
32/7 Brian Dipple correspondence regarding biography of Linderman and other writings, 1979-1996
32/8 Dyck, Paul, 1972-1985
32/9 Correspondence regarding Indian Why Stories: Sparks from War Eagle's Lodge Fire, 1916-1970
32/10 Dean Edward Johnson art, correspondence, photographs, and articles, 1980-1990
32/11 Poindexter, Everton George and Helen Poindexter, 1918-1941
32/12 Handwritten draft of letter to Charles Russell regarding illustrations for Indian Old Man Stories, 1919
32/13 Western Union wire from Linderman to Charles Scribner's Sons regarding Charles Russell and other possible illustrators for Indian Old Man Stories, 1919
32/14 Correspondence regarding More Kootenai Stories, 1940
32/15 Correspondence with Mountain Press Publishing Company regarding Quartzville, 1983-2000
32/16 Rankin, James B., 1936-1942
33/1 Correspondence regarding Recollections of Charley Russell, 1954-1963
33/2 Correspondence regarding Wolf and the Winds, 1937-1988
33/3 Miscellaneous correspondence with publishers, 1936-1962
Subseries 2: Writings
Box/Folder
33/4 Handwritten manuscript of "Why Children Lose their Teeth," an Indian legend published on page 37-48 of Indian Old-Man Stories, undated
33/5 Handwritten manuscript of "Why Our Sight Fails with Age," an Indian legend published on pages 27-34 of Indian Old-Man Stories, undated
33/6 Handwritten manuscript of "Why the Weasel is White," an Indian legend published on page 59-68 in Indian Old-Man Stories, undated
33/7 Six unrelated handwritten lines beginning "…birds in lodge" followed by manuscript titled "Chickadees" later published as "How the Ducks Got Their Fine Feathers" on pages 17-23 of Indian Why Stories, undated
33/8 Handwritten manuscript pages from "How the Ducks Got Their Fine Feathers" published on pages 17-23 of Indian Why Stories, undated
33/9 Handwitten manuscript of "Old Man's Treachery" published as page 121 of Indian Why Stories, undated
33/10 Untitled manuscript although berry story became part of "Why Indians Whip Buffalo Berries from the Bushes" published on pages 178-197 of Indian Why Stories, undated
33/11 Handwritten notes for Baker's Battle at Marias and Battle of Cypress Hills, Montana Adventure, undated
33/12 Handwitten notes about Slippery Springs, Montana Adventure, undated
33/13 Handwritten notes about buying the Sheridan County Chinook newspaper in 1887, Montana Adventure, undated
33/14 Handwritten notes about Yellowstone Expedition of 1863 as told to Linderman around 1889, Montana Adventure, undated
33/15 Introductory ad for Wolf and the Winds, 1986
33/16 Introduction to Wolf and the Winds by Hugh A. Dempsey, 1986
33/17 "Frozen Water" manuscripts, later in Wolf and the Winds, undated
33/18 Notes for unpublished Indian legend titled "Coyote and Trout", circa 1925
33/19 Notes for unpublished Indian legend titled "Deer's Tail", circa 1925
33/20 Notes for unpublished Indian legend titled "Greedy SkinKoots", circa 1925
33/21 Notes for unpublished Indian legend titled "How the Fox Held the Big Rock", circa 1925
33/22 Notes for unpublished Indian legend titled "Fire" or "How the Frog Woman Saved Fire", circa 1925
33/23 Notes for unpublished Indian legend titled "How the Frog Woman Saved Fire", circa 1925
33/24 Notes for unpublished Indian legend titled "How the Mountain Rat Got His Bad Smell", circa 1925
33/25 Notes for unpublished Indian legend titled "Kootenaba", circa 1925
33/26 Notes for unpublished Indian legend titled "Skinkoots", circa 1925
33/27 Notes for unpublished Indian legend titled "Skintoots and Bluejay", circa 1925
33/28 Notes for unpublished Indian legend titled "Skintoots and the Clouds", circa 1925
33/29 Notes for unpublished Indian legend titled "Skintoots and Prairie Chickens", circa 1925
33/30 Notes for unpublished Indian legend titled "Skintoots Marrying First", circa 1925
33/31 Notes for unpublished Indian legend titled "Why the Beaver's Tail is Flat", circa 1925
33/32 Notes for unpublished Indian legend titled "Why the Squirrel is White Around the Eyes", circa 1925
33/33 Notes for unpublished Indian legend titled "Why Whitefish…", circa 1925
33/34 Notes for various unpublished Indian legends, undated
Subseries 3: Miscellaneous
Box/Folder
33/35 Reviews of American, The Life Story of Plenty-Coups, Chief of the Crows, 1930
33/36 Photos of Frank Bird Linderman, Norma Linderman and Andrew M. Balfour, circa 1920
33/37 Scrapbook of family friends including the Poindexters, Irene Budd, Julia Edgerton, Gretchen Horton, Ted Burgess and Archie Bray, undated

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Series XIV:  Accession 2007-24, 1893-1999
1.5 linear feet

This series includes a small group of correspondence some of which is from or related to O.M. Lanstrum, the contract doctor for the Drum Lummon Mine in Marysville, Montana. Also included are drafts of stories published in Fur, Gold and Grass; Indian Why Stories; Old Man Coyote; Quartzville, and some serial publications and drafts of unpublished stories, some Marysville mining stories intended for a publication tentatively titled "The Doctor and I Stories." The series also holds materials related to the provenance and research for a Kentucky Rifle purported to have belonged to Captain William Clark, a few photos, and some issues of the Helena High School newspaper, The Nugget.

Container(s)
Description
Subseries 1: Correspondence
Box/Folder
34/1 Letter from Dr. O.M. Lanstrum, 1919
34/2 Correspondence, photo, clippings and other information regarding Dr. O.M. Lanstrum, 1910-2006
34/3 Letters to Wilda and Verne Linderman from Charles Rann Kennedy, 1938-1939
34/4 Letter to Verne Linderman from Ethel Bret Harte, 1956
Subseries 2: Writings
Box/Folder
34/5 "Fur" manuscript for Fur, Gold and Grass, undated
34/6 "Gold" manuscript for Fur, Gold and Grass, undated
34/7 "Grass" manuscript for Fur, Gold and Grass, undated
34/8 Fur, Gold and Grass edits, memo and letter, circa 1937
34/9 "The Coyote Person Makes the World" published in Indian Why Stories, undated
34/10 "Oldman and the Pin-Tail Grouse" published in Old Man Coyote, undated
34/11 "The Stone Medicine Arrows and Lost Boy" published in Old Man Coyote, undated
34/12 "Meeting Plenty Coups" first published in the 2002 edition of American which was retitled Plenty Coups, Chief of the Crows, circa 1893
34/13 Outline and manuscript for "Bessie", published in Quartzville, circa 1921
34/14 "Bill Taylor and Jack Williams Caught in a Snow Storm" published in Quartzville, undated
34/15 Outlines and manuscripts for "Bronco Liz" and "The Call of the Greenhorn," published in Quartzville, circa 1921
34/16 "The Killing in Keep Cool" and "The Kratke Mystery" published in Quartzville, circa 1921
34/17 Outlines and manuscripts for "Lousey Hank" and "Lousy Hank," published in Quartzville, circa 1921
34/18 Outline and manuscript for "Man from England," published in Quartzville, circa 1921
34/19 "Luck" manuscript published in American Legion Monthly as "A Little Flyer in Wool", February 1938, circa 1921
34/20 "A Dog's Life" published in The Frontier, 1930
34/21 Manuscripts published in the Masonic Bulletin, undated
34/22 "Charley Russell, Cowboy Artist" manuscripts, published in The Outlook, 1927
35/1 "Bashful Peebles" manuscripts, undated
35/2 "Bill Bailey" outline and manuscripts, circa 1927
35/3 "Chicken" manuscripts, undated
35/4 "The Crew of the Tuscan" synopsis and manuscripts, circa 1920
35/5 "Dirty Dick and Samson, a Cowboy Bible Story" manuscripts, undated
35/6 "A Foot Race on the Flathead" manuscripts, circa 1900
35/7 "Highgraders" manuscripts, circa 1921
35/8 "The Hypnotist" manuscripts, undated
35/9 "Idioma" manuscripts, undated
35/10 "The Killing of Red Rannaghan" manuscripts, undated
35/11 "A Matter of Distinction" intended for inclusion in "Doctor and I Stories," outline and manuscripts, circa 1924
35/12 "Maverick Money" manuscripts, undated
35/13 "Partners," "The Partners," and "The Secret of Keep Cool," same story with different titles intended for inclusion in "Doctor and I Stories," outline and manuscripts, circa 1921
35/14 "Pete Hardy and Rocket" outline and manuscripts, circa 1921
35/15 "Poker, Ponies and A Girl" manuscripts, undated
35/16 "Rattlesnake Jake and Charley Fallon" manuscripts , undated
35/17 "Ruse at Empire" outline and manuscripts, circa 1921
35/18 "Sale of Hidden Treasure Mine" manuscripts, undated
36/1 "Silver Shoes" manuscript, undated
36/2 "A Sneak Lead" manuscripts, undated
36/3 "The Stranger" intended for inclusion in "Doctor and I Stories," outline and manuscripts, circa 1921
36/4 "Swede Sam's Luck" and "Swede Slim's Luck," same story with different titles intended for inclusion in "Doctor and I Stories,", outline and manuscripts, circa 1921
36/5 "Yong Sing" outline and manuscripts, circa 1921
Subseries 3: The Kentucky Rifle
Box/Folder
36/6 Materials related to provenance and research about the Kentucky Rifle purported to have belonged to Captain William Clark (Inventory pages 1-4), 1919-1999
36/7 Materials related to provenance and research about the Kentucky Rifle purported to have belonged to Captain William Clark (Inventory pages 5-7), 1905-1998
36/8 Materials related to provenance and research about the Kentucky Rifle purported to have belonged to Captain William Clark (Inventory pages 8-13) , 1992-1998
36/9 Materials related to provenance and research about the Kentucky Rifle purported to have belonged to Captain William Clark (Inventory pages 14-19) , 1998-1999
36/10 Slides of many details of the Kentucky Rifle, undated
Subseries 4: Miscellaneous
Box/Folder
36/11 Schnitzmeyer photography of "The Narrows," Flathead Lake, Montana, 1921
36/12 Taylor photograph of the public school in Sheridan, Montana, undated
36/13 Helena Montana High School newspaper The Nugget, volume 13, number 1, 1917
36/14 Helena Montana High School newspaper The Nugget, volume 13, number 3, 1918
36/15 Helena Montana High School newspaper The Nugget, volume 13, number 5, special edition, 1918
36/16 "Crow Legend for Lodge Lining and Spring Boy" and "The Twin Boys," Wilda J. Linderman's revisions of stories by Frank B. Linderman, undated

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Series XV:  Accession 2008-33, 1905-1954
0.7 linear feet

This series includes unpublished stories, many written around 1905, and some stories published in a Montana newspaper, the Whitefish Pilot, and in a University of Montana literary journal, The Frontier and Midland. It also includes a story written by a friend, a review, a couple of letters, and two photos.

Container(s)
Description
Subseries 1: Writings
Box/Folder
37/1 "Brinkman and Joe Butch Set Afoot in 1873 in the Teton" manuscript, undated
37/2 "Brinkman's Horse Stealing and Buffalo Jumping Over Him" manuscripts, undated
37/3 "Did You Ever Look Right into the Muzzle of a Cocked '45?" manuscripts, undated
37/4 "Dutch Fred and Spanish Joe" manuscripts, undated
37/5 "A Fishing Story" and two "Uncle Billy Sayings" manuscripts, 1905
37/6 "A Fish Story on Camas Creek" manuscripts, undated
37/7 "Hank Stanford Telling about Being in Whoop-Up Country" manuscripts, undated
37/8 "How Badly Have You Been Scared" manuscripts, undated
37/9 "It's a Winchester, Model 1886" manuscripts, undated
37/10 "Jim and the Burro" manuscripts based on "Jimmy Stoner Jackass" by Jack Monroe" , undated
37/11 "Lafe Turner and Suzette" manuscripts, undated
37/12 "Learning a Trapper's and Hunter's Art" autobiographical manuscripts, undated
37/13 "Mike, Stories of a Trapper's Dog" manuscript with handwritten edits, undated
37/14 "Mike, Stories of a Trapper's Dog" manscripts, undated
37/15 "Missions" manuscripts, 1905
37/16 Mounted police story idea, undated
37/17 "My Old Kentucky and other Rifles" original manuscript with handwritten edits by H.G. Merriam and Norma L. Waller, undated
37/18 "My Old Kentucky and other Rifles" manuscripts, undated
37/19 "Piegan Jack Tells a Story" manuscripts, undated
37/20 "The Pinto Cayuse" manuscripts, circa 1905
37/21 "Spitzer Calvary and Royal Mounted Police at Fort Hamilton, Whoop-Up Trail Post" manuscripts, undated
37/22 "Strikin' It Big" manuscript, circa 1905
37/23 "A Thoroughbred" manscripts, circa 1905
37/24 "Uncle Billy as an Expert" manuscript, circa 1905
37/25 "Uncle Billy's Cabin and 65 Years Gatherin'" and "Merits of Arbitration" manuscripts, circa 1905
37/26 "Uncle Billy's Blacksmith Shop" manuscripts, circa 1905
37/27 "Uncle Billy on Mournful Fellows" manuscripts, circa 1905
37/28 "Yankee Bar" manuscripts, circa 1905
38/1 "The Highlanders" published in Quartzville, undated
38/2 "The Bogie in the Box" published in The Frontier, 1931
38/3 "Christmas in a Blizzard" manuscripts with Joe De Yong illustrations, published in the Whitefish Pilot, 1916
38/4 "Partners" (Red Abbott et. al.) manuscripts, published in The Frontier and Midland, 1933
38/5 "Partners (Black George)" manuscripts published in The Frontier and Midland, 1934
38/6 "The Story of the Magical Key" manuscript published in the Whitefish Pilot, 1916
38/7 "Through a Telescope" manuscripts published in The Frontier, 1931
38/8 "Two Anecdotes (Strange Companions)" manuscripts published in The Frontier, 1928
Subseries 2: Writings by Others
Box/Folder
38/9 "Jimmy Stoner Jackass" manuscripts by Jack Monroe, undated
38/10 "A Whoop-Up Country Preview" by Paul F. Sharp, published in Montana: The Magazine of Western History, 1954
Subseries 3: Miscellaneous
Box/Folder
38/11 Henry Stanford stories, letter, and obituary, 1918-1944
38/12 Envelope addressed from Linderman to Herbert M. Stoops, undated
39 OS/1 Panoramic photo of group of people on the bank of Flathead Lake, near Polson Point of Rock, Montana, circa 1915
39 OS/3 Taylor photograph of Helena High School graduating class, Verna Linderman is fifth from the left in the second row, 1915

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Series XVI:  Accession 2011-40, 1916-1936
1 linear feet

This series includes notes, drafts, lectures, letters, poems, published and unpublished stories, legends and copies of articles. The subjects are various aspects of Native American life for tribes including Crow, Flathead, Gros Ventre, Kootenai, Sioux, Blackfeet/Piegan, Chippewa, and Cree. Most of the original materials were written by Frank Bird Linderman but a few are written by his daughters, Wilda J. Linderman and Verne Bird Linderman.

Container(s)
Description
Subseries 1: Miscellaneous notes and writings
This sub-series includes Crow, Flathead, Gros Ventre, Kootenai, and Sioux related stories, lectures, legends, poems, and letters by Frank Bird Linderman and his daughters, Wilda J. Linderman and Verne Bird Linderman from around 1920-1936.
Box/Folder
40/1 Preface to The Passing Americans, undated
40/2 Stone Arrow Point Makers, 1936
40/3 Picture Writing on Rocks Throughout Montana, 1931
40/4 Stone Piles in Northwest, 1934
40/5 The Other People, 1934
40/6 The Indian's Bow and Arrow, circa 1931
40/7 His Wealth, undated
40/8 "Indian Girls" poem by Verne Linderman, circa 1921
40/9 Last Indian address/speech given by Linderman, circa 1929
40/10 "On the Passing of the North American Indian," poem by Verne Linderman, undated
40/11 Pipe Ceremony, 1929
40/12 Sign Language, 1933
40/13 Erecting a Teepee, circa 1928
40/14 Name of the Almighty Among the Indians, circa 1930
40/15 God Making the World, undated
40/16 The Indians' Twenty-third Psalm Translation, undated
40/17 How I Got the Storeis of Plenty Coups and Pretty Shield, circa 1935
40/18 Tobacco Seed and Tobacco Seed Planting Notes, undated
40/19 Chief Plenty Coups "thumb print" signed leter to Linderman, circa 1929
40/20 Quoted from Carson-Cornish, Founders of Freedom in America. Crow Chief Plenty Coups statement at the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier, 1921
40/21 Pretty Shield's Sun Dance Story, 1934
40/22 How Flathead Indians Got Their Horses, 1937
40/23 Billy Bent Looks and Listens, undated
40/24 Billy Bent and the Shadow People, undated
40/25 Billy Bent and Good Voice and the Echo People, published in Indian Old Man Stories, 1920
40/26 Walks Backward's Henry Rifle (brother of Good Voice), undated
40/27 Skintoots and More Kootenai Legends, drafts and correspondence, undated
40/28 Sioux Indian stories "Ever Hear of Red Cloud?", 1931
Subseries 2: Blackfeet/Piegan Stories
This sub-series includes Blackfeet/Piegan stories written by Frank Bird Linderman around 1900-1938.
Box/Folder
40/29 Memo regarding Sept. 26, 1895 sale of Blackfeet Indian mountain lands , undated
40/30 Poem titled "Countless Snows the Oldman Wandered", undated
40/31 Oldman and Whiteman, undated
40/32 Napa Kills the Toad, undated
40/33 Why Ducks and Geese Shed Feathers, undated
40/34 Why All Mice Look Alike, undated
40/35 Why Skunk is Striped and Has a Bad Smell, undated
40/36 Napa Kills Fish-Thing People, undated
40/37 Oldman Turns into a Swan, undated
40/38 Untitled Notes a) Great Spirit Manitou Got Angry at Oldman and b)Pinto Horse, undated
40/39 Untitled Notes c) About Owls, Butterflies and Eagles, undated
40/40 Untitled Notes d) Shooting Stars and e) Spirit that was Rock, undated
40/41 Night Friend and Two-Fires, undated
40/42 Winds at Gunsight Pass and Why Chipmunk's Back is Striped, undated
40/43 Last Buffalo Skin Lodge, undated
4044/ Listen!, undated
40/45 Aisomoye, undated
41/1 Broken-Nose, undated
41/2 Out of the North, undated
41/3 Piegan Marriage Ceremony in the Old Days, undated
41/4 Pecunnie Names of the Months of the Year, undated
Subseries 3: Chippewa and Cree Stories
This sub-series includes lectures and Chippewa and Cree stories, legends and customs told to Frank Bird Linderman by Chippewa Medicine men, Full of Dew and Big Rock, Chippewa Chief Rocky Boy, and Cree Chief Little Bear from 1916-1935.
Box/Folder
41/5 My Injins, the Chippewa and Cree, speech, 1924
41/6 The Red Men of Montana's Mountains and Plains, speech , 1935
41/7 "Manitou God of the Red Men," featured in Great Falls Leader, 1916
41/8 Handwritten Chippewa Story Notes, told to Linderman by Chippewa Medicine Man Big Rock, 1916
41/9 Handwritten Chippewa Story Notes, told to Linderman by Chippewa Medicine Man Big Rock, 1916
41/10 Legends, Stories, Facts and Preliminary drawing of Chippewa Pipe Ceremony as told to Linderman by Chippewa Medicine Man Big Rock, 1916
41/11 Handwritten Storie Notes as told to Linderman by Chippewa Medicine Man Full of Dew, undated
41/12 Handwritten notes about a crossbow as told to Linderman by Chippewa Medicine Man Full of Dew, undated
41/13 "The Chippewa Crossbow," published in Frontier & Midland, 1931
41/14 Chippewa Chief Rocky Boy Story #1, undated
41/15 Chippewa Chief Rocky Boy Story #2, undated
41/16 Chippewa Chief Rocky Boy Story #3, undated
41/17 Pete Baker and about Chippewa Chief Rocky Boy, undated
41/18 "Who Was this Soldier Chief" published in The American Legion Magazine, 1934
41/19 Cree Chief Little Bear's Story of His Great Grandfather, undated
41/20 Cree Chief Little Bear's Opinion of What Becomes of All People, and All Animal Kind, undated
41/21 What Cree Chief' Little Bear's Dad Did, undated
41/22 Left Hand (Cree) - Master Liar, undated
41/23 Pete LeBeau, undated
41/24 Crooked Horns Talks to Buffalo Bones a) Little Shell, undated
41/25 Crooked Horns Talks to Buffalo Bones b) Little Shell, undated
41/26 Crooked Horns Talks to Buffalo Bones c) Aged Indian Talks to Buffalo Bones , undated
41/27 Crooked Horns Talks to Buffalo Bones, undated
41/28 The Rocky Boy Renegades, undated

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Subjects

  • Occupations :
  • Assayers--Montana
  • Authors, American--Montana
  • Ethnologists--Montana
  • Politicians--Montana
  • Form or Genre Terms :
  • Artifacts
  • Correspondence
  • Manuscripts for publication
  • Memorabilia
  • Photographic prints
  • Photographs
  • Subject Terms :
  • Indians of North America
  • Indians of North America--Antiquities
  • Geographical Names :
  • Montana--History--Sources
  • Montana--Politics and government--20th century
  • Personal Names :
  • Borein, Edward, 1872-1945
  • Coates, Grace Stone, 1881-1976
  • Coburn, Walt, 1889-1971
  • De Yong, Joe, b. 1894
  • Dixon, Joseph Moore, 1867-1934
  • Gibson, Paris, 1830-1920
  • Grinnell, George Bird, 1849-1938
  • Hagedorn, Herman, 1882-1964
  • Hatfield, Sarah
  • Horn, Ernest, 1882-1967
  • James, Will, 1892-1942
  • Linderman, Verne, 1897-1989
  • Linderman, Wilda Jane, 1894-1981
  • Merriam, H.G. (Harold Guy), 1883-
  • Paxson, E.S., 1852-1919
  • Pinchot, Gifford, 1865-1946
  • Reiss, Winold, 1886-1953
  • Russell, Charles M. (Charles Marion), 1864-1926
  • Seltzer, O.C. (Olaf C.). 1877-1957
  • Turney-High, Harry Holbert, 1899-
  • Van de Water, Frederic Franklyn, 1890-1968
  • Waller, Norma Linderman, 1897-1972
  • Walsh, Thomas James, 1859-1933
  • Whicker, H.W. (Harold Wave), 1895-1955

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