Guide to the Gifford Photographs Collection
circa 1890-1947

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Overview of the Collection

Creator: Gifford, Benjamin A.
Title: Gifford photographs collection
Dates: circa 1890-1947 ( inclusive )
Quantity: 12.1 cubic feet (3,757 photographs, 6 postcards, and 23 volumes of photogravures in 32 document boxes, 2 oversize boxes, and 1 folder in oversize flat files))
Collection Number: Org. Lot 982
Summary: This collection primarily contains photographs taken by Benjamin A. Gifford, who worked both in Portland and The Dalles, Or. from 1890-1920, both as a solo photographer and in partnerships with Herbert Hale as Gifford & Hale and with Arthur M. Prentiss as Gifford & Prentiss. The collection also contains photographs taken by Benjamin's son, Ralph I. Gifford, who began work in his father's studio and later was a photographer for the Oregon State Highway Commission until his death in 1947.
Repository: Oregon Historical Society
Research Library

1200 SW Park Avenue
Portland, Oregon 97205
Phone: 503-306-5240
Fax: 503-219-2040
E-mail: libreference@ohs.org

Languages: Captions on photographs in the collection are in English. 
Sponsor: Funding for encoding this finding aid was provided through a grant awarded by the National Endowment for the Humanities. Funding for printing from the original negatives was provided by the Meyer Memorial Trust, 1999.

Biographical Note

Benjamin A. Gifford (1859-1936) was born in Danville, Ill.. He attended Kansas Normal College and apprenticed in photography studios for two years in Fort Scott, Ks. Afterwards, he operated his own studios there and elsewhere in Kansas. In 1884, he married Myrtle Peck, and the couple moved to Portland, Or. circa 1890. Their only child, Ralph, was born in 1894.

Gifford operated a studio at Sixth and Morrison streets in Portland until the Panic of 1893 forced him to operate from his home on Corbett Street. Here he improved his techniques, becoming the first photographer to make enlargements using an electric bulb as a light source. In 1894, Gifford partnered with Herbert Hale in the Gifford & Hale Studio on SW Third between SW Alder and Morrison Streets. Hale's strong background in landscape photography and Gifford's enlargement set-up and printing mastery gave them a near monopoly for a brief period on locally-produced large-format prints and murals.

In partnership with Hale, Gifford turned to landscape work and within three years had transformed himself into one of Oregon's most respected landscape photographers. The partnership dissolved circa 1897, when Gifford moved to The Dalles, Or. He equipped himself with the best cameras and lenses available for landscape photography at the time and pursued many commercial possibilities for his art, including photogravure reproductions, sold as sets of loose prints and in books. He also sold a great deal of his work to various railroads, becoming a primary supplier of photomurals for train stations. Gifford outfitted a traveling wagon and tent studio and traveled around Oregon and Washington, offering his photography services to farmers and ranchers, as well as to many small communities. Gifford also became a favorite photographer for railroads, magazines, real estate developers, and communities who advertised the region's possibilities to the outside world. He began producing hand-colored murals, lithographed postcards, and photo-postcards. His work was also published as high-quality photogravures in large-format books, including one on Neahkahnie, Or., with support from developer Simeon G. Read, a second titled Art Work of the State of Oregon (1900), with text by William Reid, and a third entitled, Art Work of Portland , Mt. Hood and the Columbia River (1912), with text by Eva Emery Dye, as well as a view book entitled, Snap Shots of the Columbia (1902).

In 1910, Gifford sold his studio in The Dalles to Charles Lamb and moved back to Portland. He continued to manage a commercial studio and produced a series of photographs of the construction of the Columbia River Highway, which were exhibited at the 1915 Panama Pacific Exposition in San Francisco. Benjamin took on another partner, Arthur M. Prentiss, circa 1916. The Gifford & Prentiss Studio was located on SW Washington between Twelfth and Thirteenth in downtown Portland and lasted until Gifford retired in 1920.

Benjamin Gifford's wife, Myrtle Peck Gifford, died in 1919, after nearly two decades as an invalid. Gifford then married Rachel Morgan, a former schoolteacher from The Dalles who had worked for him as a colorist, in October of that year. They made their home, called "Wa-ne-Ka," on Salmon Creek north of Vancouver, Wash.. Benjamin A. Gifford died on 1936 March 5.

Ralph I. Gifford (1894-1947), son of Benjamin A. Gifford, learned photography by working in his father's studio. After Benjamin's retirement in 1920, Ralph took over Gifford Studio Inc. at 444 Washington St. in Portland, Or., retaining control of most of his father's original negatives, which he often reprinted, sometimes under his own imprint. He operated his own studio at 515 Commonwealth Building from 1921-1922 and from his home at 1289 Fremont St. from 1923-1926. After selling his business in 1928, Ralph joined the still and motion picture photographers Heaton & Emery of Portland, Or. in 1930 and became partner of Heaton & Gifford the following year. In 1935, Ralph left Heaton & Gifford to operate his own studio out of his home at 4537 NE Fremont Street in Portland, a business he closed in 1936 when he became the first photographer for the Travel and Information Division in the Oregon State Highway Commission. Ralph Gifford married Wanda Muir Theobald, also a photographer, in 1918.

Content Description

This collection consists primarily of copy and original photographs taken by Benjamin A. Gifford from 1890-1920, including those taken during his partnerships with Gifford & Hale and Gifford & Prentiss. There are also a number of photographs taken by Benjamin's son and successor, Ralph I. Gifford, circa 1921-1947.

The bulk of the collection consists of 29 boxes of copy prints made from original negatives taken from 1894-1931 by Benjamin A. Gifford, Gifford & Hale, and Gifford & Prentiss. These possibly also include some early photographs taken by Ralph I. Gifford. The copy prints mainly depict various locations in Oregon, including Portland, as well as in other Western states, and views of the Columbia River, Columbia River Gorge, and Columbia River Highway. Other subjects include various industries in Oregon, including agriculture, fishing and fisheries, lumber, transportation (including automobiles, railroads, and steamships); recreational activities in the state; advertising photographs taken by the Giffords for various Oregon businesses; photographs of Native Americans and Native American culture; studio portraiture; nature photography; and photographs of military activities in Oregon during World War I. There are also some photographs by Gifford of work by other photographers. The copy prints in this collection are arranged by subject, not by photographer, as many of the negatives do not have identifying imprints.

The remainder of the collection consists of original photographic prints taken by Benjamin A. Gifford, Gifford & Hale, Gifford & Prentiss, and Ralph I. Gifford. These original prints, which are arranged by photographer name and dates of operation, depict many of the same subjects as the copy prints. A large number of the original photographs that depict views of Oregon and transportation were taken on commission for the Spokane, Portland, and Seattle Railway/The North Bank Road. These photographs also include work that Ralph I. Gifford did for the Oregon State Highway Commission after 1936.

The collection also includes some photomechanical prints of work done by Benjamin A. Gifford and his partners. These include color postcards, twelve volumes of photogravures in Art Work of The State of Oregon (1900), nine volumes of photogravures in Art Work of Portland, Mt. Hood and the Columbia River (1912), and two copies of Benjamin A. Gifford's view book, Snap Shots on the Columbia (1902).

Use of the Collection

Restrictions on Access :  

The collection is open to the public, except for negatives, which are stored offsite and are not available for research use.

Restrictions on Use :  

The Oregon Historical Society is the owner of the materials in the Research Library and makes available reproductions for research, publication, and other uses. Written permission must be obtained from the Research Library prior to any use of reproductions. The Society does not necessarily hold copyright to all the materials in the collections. In some cases, permission for use of reproductions may require seeking additional authorization from the copyright holders.

Preferred Citation :  

Gifford photographs collection, Org. Lot 982, Oregon Historical Society Research Library

Administrative Information

Arrangement :

This collection is arranged into the following series and subseries:

  • Series A: Copy prints made from Gifford negatives, 1894-1931
    • Subseries 1: Oregon (except Portland), 1897-1931
    • Subseries 2: Columbia River, Gorge, and Highway, 1898-circa 1920
    • Subseries 3: Portland, Or., 1894-1924
    • Subseries 4: Locations outside of Oregon, 1901-1926
    • Subseries 5: Unidentified locations,1905-1928
    • Subseries 6: Agriculture, 1899-1902
    • Subseries 7: Activities and advertising, circa 1900-1921
    • Subseries 8: Native Americans, circa 1898-1901
    • Subseries 9: Portraits, 1920, undated
    • Subseries 10: Industry, 1923, undated
    • Subseries 11: Fishing and fisheries, 1899-circa 1915
    • Subseries 12: Lumber industry, circa 1905-1918
    • Subseries 13: Military, circa 1918
    • Subseries 14: Transportation, 1899-1927
    • Subseries 15: Nature, undated
    • Subseries 16: Copy photographs of work by other photographers, undated
  • Series B: Original Benjamin A. Gifford photographs, circa 1890-1923
    • Subseries 1: Oregon (export Portland), 1892-1923
    • Subseries 2: Columbia River, Gorge, and Highway, 1898-circa 1920
    • Subseries 3: Portland, Or., circa 1890-1923
    • Subseries 4: Locations outside of Oregon, circa 1901-1916
    • Subseries 5: Portraits, circa 1892-1913
    • Subseries 6: Transportation, 1898-circa 1919
    • Subseries 7: Other subjects, circa 1898-1918
  • Series C: Original Gifford & Hale photographs, circa 1894-1897
  • Series D: Original Gifford & Prentiss photographs, circa 1916-1919
    • Subseries 1: Oregon (except Portland) locations, circa 1916-1919
    • Subseries 2: Columbia River and Highway, circa 1916-1919
    • Subseries 3: Portland, Or. locations, circa 1916-1919
    • Subseries 4: Agriculture, circa 1916-1919
    • Subseries 5: Other subjects, circa 1916-1919
  • Series E: Original Ralph I. Gifford photographs, circa 1921-1947
    • Subseries 1: Oregon (except Portland) locations, circa 1923-1947
    • Subseries 2: Columbia River, Gorge, and Highway, circa 1922-1940
    • Subseries 3: Portland, Or. locations, circa 1923-1926
    • Subseries 4: Other subjects, circa 1921-1935
Custodial History :  

Ralph I. Gifford took over his father's negative collection after Benjamin Gifford retired in 1920 and offered prints and postcards for sale through his own studio on Mt. Hood Loop Highway at White River, Or. Arthur M. Prentiss may also have retained some negatives from his partnership with Benjamin. Eventually, Ralph Gifford sold most of his father's stock photography library and original negatives to Sawyer's Scenic Photo in Portland, Or., which specialized in producing and marketing postcards. Many of the negatives came to the Oregon Historical Society circa 1950. The Gifford family did retain a number of negatives and prints, which were donated to the Hoerner Museum in 1986. That collection was transferred to the Oregon State University Archives in 1996, when the museum closed.

Acquisition Information :  

The bulk of the collection was acquired by the Oregon Historical Society, circa 1950.

Other accessions that were added to this collection include Library accession nos. 7338, 7699, 8297, 9658, 9686, 9689, 9716, 10172, 10337, and 11587, as well as Photo accession nos. 977D057, 980D005, 985D069, 986D082, 988D030, 988D049, 994D014, and 994D015 (Library accession no. 22025).

Processing Note :  

Many of the original photographs in this collection were removed from the Self-Indexing Photo Files in the Oregon Historical Society Research Library and integrated during the course of processing, 2002-2003.

Separated Materials :  

Approximately 3,300 glass and nitrate negatives from this collection have been removed and are stored offsite.

Related Materials :  

The Oregon State University Libraries, University Archives in Corvallis, Or. holds the Gifford Photographic Collection (P 218), which mostly contains photographs taken by Ralph I. Gifford, his wife Wanda, and their son Ben L. Gifford, as well as some photographs taken by Benjamin A. Gifford. A guide to the collection is available on the Oregon State University Libraries, University Archives website.


Detailed Description of the Collection

The following section contains a detailed listing of the materials in the collection.

Series A:  Copy prints made from Gifford negatives, circa 1895-1931
This series is arranged into the following sixteen subseries: Subseries 1: Oregon (except Portland) locations; Subseries 2: Columbia River, Gorge, and Highway; Subseries 3: Portland, Or.; Subseries 4: Locations outside of Oregon; Subseries 5: Unidentified locations; Subseries 6: Agriculture; Subseries 7: Activities and advertising; Subseries 8: Native Americans; Subseries 9: Portraits; Subseries 10: Industry; Subseries 11: Fishing and fisheries; Subseries 12: Lumber industry; Subseries 13: Military; Subseries 14: Transportation; Subseries 15: Nature; and Subseries 16: Copy photographs of work by other photographers.

This series contains copy prints made from original negatives at the Oregon Historical Society, taken by Benjamin A. Gifford, both as a solo photographer and possibly in his partnerships with Gifford & Hale and Gifford & Prentiss. There may also be some prints of negatives taken by Ralph I. Gifford during his early career. Some of the negatives are marked with the photographer's imprints.

See Series B, C, and D for original photographs taken by these photographers.

Container(s)
Description
Subseries 1: Oregon (except Portland), 1897-1931
453 items
Arranged alphabetically into 9 subjects (Cities and towns; Caves; Lakes; Mountains; Oregon coast; Rivers and streams; Roads; Valleys; and Waterfalls) and alphabetically by place name within those subjects.
This subseries consists primarily of copy prints of original Gifford negatives of various cities and towns, caves, lakes, mountains, coastal scenes, rivers and streams, roads, valleys, and waterfalls in Oregon. Photographs dated after 1920 may have been taken by Ralph I. Gifford. The series also includes some copy prints made from a loaned album (Box 29).
Cities and Towns
Box/Folder
1/1 Albany--Albany State Bank, 1910 May
1/2 Astoria, circa 1910-1920
Includes photographs of Astoria High School; Hammond Lumber Mill; Henry Weinhard delivery truck; shipyard and lumber mill; and city and waterfront views.
1/3 Ashwood and vicinity, circa 1907
1/4 Bay Ocean, circa 1910
1/5 Bend, circa 1905-1917
Includes photographs of Bend Flour Mill; Bond Street; the Drake family residence; Pilot Butter Inn; and a horse race.
1/6 Bend vicinity--Lava Butte, circa 1906-1910
1/7 Bridal Veil--Bridal Veil Lumber Co, 1920 May 28
1/8 Brownsville and vicinity, circa 1907
Includes photographs of Brownsville Canning and Preserving Co. and Brownsville School.
1/9 Cannon Beach--Businesses--Cannon Beach Hotel, 1917
1/10 Cannon Beach--Hug Point, undated
1/11 Cannon Beach--Rock formations, undated
Includes photographs of Haystack Rock and the Needles.
1/12 Cannon Beach--Recreation, undated
1/13 Cape Kiwanda, circa 1910
1/14 Central Oregon, unidentified, circa 1910-1917
1/15 Clatskanie, circa 1910
1/16 Columbia County--Pisgah Home, circa 1910
1/17 Coos Bay, circa 1915
Includes photographs of Marshfield, Or. (later incorporated into the town of Coos Bay)
1/18 Coos County--Estates, circa 1915
Photographs made for Southern Pacific Railroad, including views of "Shore Acres," estate of Louis J. Simpson, as well as the estate of W. E. Chandler on the South Coos River.
1/19 Corvallis--Oregon Agricultural College (later Oregon State University), circa 1910, 1920
1/20 Crawfordsville--John McKercher Flour Mill, circa 1908
Built by Richard Finley, 1848.
1/21 Damascus--Riverview Dairy, 1920
1/22 Dufur, circa 1909
Includes photograph of J.W. Dickens Harness shop.
1/23 Eastern Oregon--Umatilla/Echo Highway, circa 1915
1/24 Ecola--Lanphere Company, circa 1920
1/25 Eugene, circa 1910, circa 1920
1/26 Fossil, circa 1905
1/27 Gearhart--Golf course, circa 1917
1/28 Government Camp, 1929
1/29 Grants Pass--High School, circa 1910
1/30 Grants Pass--Paving streets, circa 1910
1/31 Gresham--Mt. Hood view, circa 1915
1/32 Hillsboro--Hillsboro Transfer Co., 1921
1/33 Hood River--Businesses--Antler Auto Park, 1929
1/34 Hood River--Businesses--Hood River Storage Co., 1917
1/35 Hood River--Businesses--Apple Growers Association, 1917
1/36 Hood River--Businesses--Apple Vinegar Co., 1917
1/37 Hood River--Businesses--Columbia Gorge Hotel, 1917
1/38 Hood River--Businesses--Hotel Oregon, circa 1909
1/39 Hood River--Views, circa 1910, circa 1915
1/40 Hood River Valley, circa 1902-1910
Includes views of apple orchard and orchard workers; Hood River; Mt. Adams; Mt. Hood; and south from Van Horn Butte.
1/41 John Day, circa 1907-1910
1/42 Lake Oswego--Robinwood Development, circa 1928
1/43 Lake Oswego--Oswego Bridge on the Willamette River, 1917
Captioned: "Revelers at the riverside."
1/44 Lakeside (Coos County), circa 1915
Photographed for Southern Pacific Railroad.
1/45 Linnton, 1921
Includes photographs of U.S. Sanitary Meat Market; Cozy Corner Confectionery; Gesmer Store; and Linnton Transit Co.
1/46 McMinnville--Auto parade, circa 1909
1/47 Medford--City Park, circa 1910
1/48 Milwaukie--Residences, 1920
Includes photographs of the Howard family residence in Waverly Heights and other unidentified homes.
1/49 Mission, 1917
Captioned: "Between the walls of 100,000 stacks of wheat at Mission."
1/50 Neahkahnie--Views, circa 1907-1915
Includes photographs of residences, including the Reed family home; Neahkahnie Mountain, and ocean views.
1/51 Neahkahnie--Treasure Rock, circa 1907-1915
Includes photographs of residences, including the Reed family home; Neahkahnie Mountain, and ocean views.
1/52 Nehalem, circa 1910
Includes photographs of the Nehalem River.
1/53 Oregon City--Views, circa 1910
1/54 Oregon City--Frank Busch Furniture Store, circa 1910
1/55 Oregon City--Hawley Pulp and Paper Co., circa 1928
1/56 Oregon City--McLoughlin House, circa 1910
Home of John McLoughlin.
1/57 Orenco, circa 1915
Includes photographs of the Oregon Nursery Co.
2/1 Pendleton--Eastern Oregon State Hospital, circa 1915
2/2 Pendleton--Pendleton Woolen Mills, circa 1915
2/3 Rockaway, circa 1930
Includes photographs of Hotel Rockaway and railroad.
2/4 Salem--State Capitol, circa 1910
2/5 Salem--Streetcar, circa 1910
2/6 Seaside, 1907-circa 1917
2/7 Silverton, circa 1910
2/8 Springfield, circa 1920
2/9, 29/1 The Dalles--Streets and views, 1897-circa 1910
Includes photographs of First National Bank, Mt. Adams, Mt. Hood, and residences.
2/10, 29/1 The Dalles--Seufert Brothers Cannery, 1899, circa 1906, 1929
Includes photographs of Fifteen Mile Creek.
2/11 Tygh Valley, 1907
2/12 Willbridge (or Oilton)--Standard Oil Co., circa 1918
Caves
Box/Folder
2/13 Oregon Caves, circa 1908-1917
Lakes
Box/Folder
2/14 Crater Lake--Mack Truck, 1921
2/15 Crater Lake--Phantom Ship, circa 1930
2/16 Crater Lake--Pinnacles, 1917
2/17 Crater Lake--Views, circa 1920
2/18 Klamath Lake, circa 1910
2/19 Ten Cent Lake, circa 1918
Taken near Alderson, Or., Harney County, 85 miles south of Burns, Or. on Juniper Ranch.
2/20 Wallowa Lake, circa 1918
Mountains
Box/Folder
2/21 Mt. Hood--Cabin, 1929
2/22 Mt. Hood--Calverley's Lunch Room , circa 1928-1929
2/23 Mt. Hood--Cloud Cap Inn, 1917
See also 1/38.
2/24 Mt. Hood--Country Club, 1929
2/25 Mt. Hood--Eliot Glacier, circa 1910
2/26 Mt. Hood--Loop Highway--Automobiles, circa 1920, 1929
2/27 Mt. Hood--Loop Highway--Views , circa 1910, circa 1920
2/28 Mt. Hood--Loop Highway--Wildwood Cabin , circa 1910
2/29 Mt. Hood--Newton Clarke Glacier , circa 1910
2/30 Mt. Hood--Skiing--Skiers, 1928-1929
2/31 Mt. Hood--Skiing--Cascade Ski Club, 1929
2/32 Mt. Hood--Skiing--Girls, some in bathing suits, outing on Mount Hood
29/2 Mt. Hood--View, copyright 1901
Captioned: "The Mountain Realm"
2/33 Mt. Hood--Views, 1901-circa 1930
2/36 Mt. Hood--Views from Columbia River, 1900
Composite of two negatives.
2/37 Mt. Hood--Views from Hood River Valley, 1907, circa 1910, 1920
2/36 Mt. Hood--Views from Lost Lake, 1899-circa 1929
2/37 Mt. Hood--Views from Sandy River Valley, circa 1912
2/38 Mt. Jefferson, circa 1910
Two-plate panorama.
2/39 Mt. McLoughlin, circa 1909
2/40 Three Sisters Peaks, circa 1910
Oregon coast
Box/Folder
3/1 Haystack Rock, circa 1909
3/2 Near Seaside, Or., circa 1917
3/3 "Sea and Surf," location unidentified , circa 1909
3/4 Tillamook County, circa 1909-1910, circa 1930
Includes photographs of beach scene near Neahkahnie Mountain and Tillamook Head.
3/5 Yaquina Bay, 1917
Includes photograph of Cape Foulweather Lighthouse.
Rivers and streams
Box/Folder
3/6 Ashland Creek Canyon, circa 1907
3/7 Bull Run, circa 1910-1912
3/8 Calapooia River, circa 1909
3/9 Clackamas River (at Estacada, Or.), circa 1909-1910
3/10 Deschutes River--Benham Rapids, circa 1907-1908
3/11 Deschutes River--Bridges, circa 1908-1910
Includes photographs of bridges at junction of Warm Springs River and Deschutes River; on the Oregon Trunk Railway in Eastern Oregon; and Sherars Bridge.
3/12 Deschutes River--Cline Falls, undated
3/13 Deschutes River--Lower Deschutes River, undated
3/14 Deschutes River--Upper Deschutes River, undated
3/15 Johnson Creek (Portland, Or. vicinity), undated
3/16 Malheur River (Harney County, Or.), undated
3/17 Milk Creek (Mollala, Or.), undated
3/18 Mill Creek, undated
3/19 Mollala River, undated
3/20 Nestucca River, undated
3/21 Rogue River, undated
Includes photograph of the river near Grants Pass, Or.
3/22 Sandy River, circa 1910, undated
Includes photographs of the Auto Club Bridge and the Troutdale Railroad Bridge.
3/23 Santiam River, undated
3/24 Silvies River (Harney County, Or.), undated
3/25 Siuslaw River, undated
3/26 Sutherlin Creek (near Roseburg, Or.), circa 1905
3/27 Tanner Creek, undated
3/28 Trout Creek (near Ashwood, Or.), circa 1905
3/29 Tualatin River, undated
3/30 Willamette River, undated
Includes photographs taken near Corvallis, Or.
Roads
Box/Folder
3/31 McClellan Pass Road, undated
3/32 Pacific Highway North, undated
Valleys
Box/Folder
3/33 Hood River Valley, circa 1908, undated
Includes photographs of orchards; Mt. Adams; Mt. Hood; and south from Van Horne Butte.
3/34 Rogue River Valley, undated
3/35 Willamette River Valley, circa 1910, undated
Includes photograph of Balancing Rock (or Coalco Pillar) near New Era, Or.
Waterfalls
Box/Folder
3/36 High Falls (Bull Run River), undated
3/37 Neahkahnie Falls, undated
3/38 White River Falls, 1910
Subseries 2: Columbia River, Gorge, and Highway, 1898-circa 1920
316 items
Arranged into three groups (Columbia River; Columbia River Gorge; and Columbia River Highway) and alphabetically by subject or place name within each group.
This subseries contains copy photographs of original Gifford negatives of views of the Columbia River, Columbia River Gorge, and Columbia River Highway, 1898-circa 1920. Includes some copy prints made from a loaned album (Box 29).
Columbia River
Box/Folder
4/1 Bridges--Interstate Bridge, 1917-1919
Includes photographs of the bridge's dedication on 1917 February 14, near Vancouver, Wash.
4/2 Bridges--Longview Bridge, circa 1910
4/3 Bridges--Wishram Railroad Bridge, undated
4/4 Cannery--Fishwheels, undated
Photographs of construction of fishwheels 11 miles east of The Dalles, Or. on the Washington side near Bradford Island.
See also Subseries 11: Fishing and Fisheries.
4/5, 29/3 Cascade Locks, 1898-1902, undated
Captions: "Inland Flyer at Cascade Locks" and "The Locks Steamer Dalles City."
4/6 Cascades, 1898
4/7, 29/4 Celilo Falls, 1902, undated
Includes photographs of Native Americans fishing and Railroad Bridge. Captions include: "Celilo Falls, Columbia River" and "The Whirlpool Celilo Falls."
Vault Lantern Slides Celilo Falls--Native Americans fishing, 1902, undated
Hand colored lantern slide (Neg. 7784)
4/8 Chicken Island (also known as Eighteen Mile Island), undated
4/9 Docks, undated
4/10, 29/5 Dunes, 1899
Caption: "A sea of sand among the breakers."
4/11 Eastern and central views, undated
4/12 Ferry, 1902
4/13 Flood, undated
4/14 Hood River confluence, undated
4/15 Houseboats, undated
4/16 Ice jam, circa 1908
4/17 Indian canoes (near The Dalles), undated
Vault Lantern Slides Indian canoes and lodge, "Halo of sunset", undated
Hand colored lantern slide, also known as "Sunset on the Columbia. See also original in oversize prints.
4/18 Maryhill vicinity, undated
29/6 Memaloose Island, 1901
4/19 Slough (near Jantzen Beach, Or.), 1915
4/20 Sunken Forest, undated
4/21 Sunset, undated
4/22 Views, undated
Columbia River Gorge
Box/Folder
4/23 Business--Latourell Lodge , undated
4/24 Eagle Creek, undated
4/25 Mountains, undated
Includes photographs of Hamilton Mountain and Table Mountain.
29/7 Oneonta Gorge, 1899
4/26 Railroad tracks, undated
4/27 Residences, undated
4/28, 29/8 Rock formations--Beacon Rock (also known as Castle Rock), 1901
4/29 Rock formations--Bishop's Cap, circa 1915
Includes views of the Columbia River Highway.
4/30, 29/9 Rock formations--Cabbage Rock, 1899
29/10 Rock formations--Cape Horn, 1901
4/31, 29/11 Rock formations--Cigar Rock, 1901
4/32 Rock formations--Mushroom Rock, circa 1915
Includes view of the Columbia River Highway.
4/33, 29/12 Rock formations--Owl Rock, 1901
4/34 Rock formations--Pillars of Hercules, 1902
4/35 Rock formations--Pinnacle Rock (near The Dalles, Or.), undated
4/36 Rock formations--Pulpit Rock (near The Dalles, Or.), circa 1905
Photograph of Rev. Joseph Luxello (or Luxillo) on Pulpit Rock. Caption from original print: "At Was-co-pam, site of the first Mission at The Dalles. 'Was-co-pam' meaning 'place of the spring' was a gathering place for the aborigines. Rev. Joseph Luxello, a native who was converted at the place and came to be an influential Missionary among the Indians of Oregon, Washington, and Idaho, is shown on the rock."
4/37 Rock formations--Rooster Rock , undated
Includes view of the Dalles City paddle wheel steamboat.
4/38 Rock formations--Saint Peter's Dome, undated
4/39 Rock formations--Shell Rock, 1906
4/40 Rock formations-- Sphinx Rock (near The Dalles, Or.), undated
4/41 Views, circa 1915, undated
4/42 Waterfalls--Coopey Falls, undated
4/43 Waterfalls--Elowah Falls (on McCord Creek), undated
4/44 Waterfalls--Horsetail Falls, 1902
4/45 Waterfalls--Latourell Falls, undated
4/46 Waterfalls--Little Jack Falls, undated
4/47 Waterfalls--Metlako Falls (on Eagle Creek), undated
4/48, 29/13 Waterfalls--Multnomah Falls, 1899-1902, circa 1917, undated
4/49 Waterfalls--Shepperds Dell Falls, undated
4/50 Waterfalls--Unidentified, undated
4/51 Waterfalls--Wahkeena Falls, undated
Columbia River Highway
Box/Folder
5/1 Bonneville vicinity , undated
5/2 Bridges and viaducts--Bridge of the Gods, construction, 1902
29/14 Bridges and viaducts--Bridge of the Gods, 1902
Caption: "North Abutment to Bridge of the Gods and Cascades of the Columbia."
5/3 Bridges and viaducts--Eagle Creek, circa 1916
5/4 Bridges and viaducts--Latourell, circa 1916
Includes a two-part panoramic photograph.
5/5 Bridges and viaducts--McCord Creek Bridge, circa 1916
5/6 Bridges and viaducts--Moffet Creek Bridge, circa 1916
5/7 Bridges and viaducts--Multnomah Falls, circa 1916
5/8 Bridges and viaducts--Shepperds Dell Bridge , circa 1916
5/9 Bridges and viaducts--Unidentified, circa 1916
5/10 Bridges and viaducts--Wauna Mountain Viaduct, circa 1916
5/11 The Castle, undated
5/12 Chanticleer Inn, circa 1916-1920
Includes view of Vista House from Chanticleer.
5/13 Crown Point--Views from, circa 1916
5/14 Crown Point--Vista House--Approach, circa 1916-1918
5/15 Crown Point--Vista House--Close-up views , 1918
Includes photograph of dedication ceremony with Royal Rosarians (Portland, Or.) and dignitaries, including Frank Branch Riley, on 1918 May 5.
5/16 Crown Point--Vista House--Distant views , circa 1916-1918
5/17 Eagles Nest, circa 1916
5/18 Lower Columbia, circa 1916
Includes photograph of road from Portland, Or. to Astoria, Or.
5/19 Mitchell Point, circa 1916
5/20 Multnomah Lodge, 1917
5/21 Railroad, circa 1916
5/22 Residences--unidentified, circa 1916
5/23 Rowena Loops, circa 1916
5/24 Shell Rock Mountain, circa 1916
5/25 Tooth Rock, circa 1917
5/26 Tunnels--Mitchell Point, circa 1916
5/27 Tunnels--Oneonta, circa 1916
5/28 Tunnels--Twin Tunnels near Mosier, circa 1916
5/29 Viewpoint, circa 1916
5/30 Views, circa 1916
5/31 Views--With automobiles, 1916, undated
Includes photograph of the dedication of the Columbia River Highway on 1916 June 7.
5/32 Views--With automobiles and rock work, circa 1916
5/33 Views--With rock work, circa 1916
Subseries 3: Portland, Or., 1894-1924
1,097 items
Arranged alphabetically by subject.
This subseries contains copy photographs of original Gifford negatives that depict views of Portland, Or., including bridges; buildings; businesses and industries (mostly related to automobiles); cemeteries; clubs; gardens, golf courses; hospitals, asylums and homes; the Lewis and Clark Centennial Exposition of 1905; maps; missions; monuments and fountains; parades and festivals; parks; streets; and other views.
Bridges
Box/Folder
6/1 Broadway Bridge, undated
6/2 Burnside Bridge, 1924 October 16
6/3 Steel Bridge, undated
Buildings
Box/Folder
6/4 Apartments--Whelden Annex (SW 10th and Salmon), undated
6/5 Banks--Hibernia Savings Bank, undated
6/6 Banks--U.S. National Bank, undated
6/7 Brownwell Block Building, undated
Includes views of W. Chung Groceries; Church of Jesus Christ; and F. N. Miller Transfer and Storage.
6/8 Chamber of Commerce--Flood, 1894
6/9 Churches--Christian Science, undated
Locations at NW Everett (now NW Service Center) and 1331 SW Park Avenue.
6/10 Churches--East Side Baptist, 1920
6/11 Churches--First Congregational, circa 1915
6/12 Churches--First Presbyterian (SW 12th and Alder), undated
6/12a Churches--Methodist Church (SW 3rd and Taylor), undated
6/13 Churches--Saint Patrick's Catholic (NW Ninth and Savier), undated
6/14 Civic Auditorium, 1916, undated
Later remodeled and renamed the Keller Auditorium.
6/15 Clubs--Concordia Club (SW 16th and Morrison), undated
6/16 Clubs--Laurelhurst Tennis Club, undated
6/17 Clubs--Rose City Park clubhouse, undated
6/18 Dekum Building, undated
6/19 Hotels--Beaver, undated
6/20 Hotels--Congress, circa 1919
6/21 Hotels--Imperial Hotel, undated
6/22 Hotels--Mallory Hotel, circa 1905
6/23 Hotels--Multnomah Hotel, undated
6/24 Jewish buildings--Jewish Rest Home, undated
6/25 Jewish buildings--Jewish Shelter Home, undated
6/26 Jewish buildings--Synagogues--Avahai Shalom (SW Park and Clay), undated
6/27 Jewish buildings--Synagogues--Nerh Zedek (SW 6th and Hall), undated
6/28 Jewish buildings--Synagogues--Shaarei Torah (1926 SW First), undated
6/29 Jewish buildings--Synagogues--Unidentified, undated
6/30 Liberty Temple (SW 6th between Morrison and Yamhill), circa 1918
Temporary building that served as center for World War I Liberty Bond drive.
6/31 Morgan Building (SW Washington and Broadway), undated
6/32 Multnomah County Courthouse, 1915
6/33 Multnomah Stadium and Athletic Club, circa 1918
6/34 Pacific Telephone and Telegraph Co., 1908-1926
6/35 Pioneer Court House, undated
6/36 Portland Public Library--Downtown Branch, undated
Later Multnomah County Library.
6/37 Residences--Bell family (290 Vista Ave.), undated
6/38 Residences--Boschke family (745 E. Thompson), undated
6/39 Residences--Cobb family (Portland Heights), undated
6/40 Residences--J. L. Cole family (763 E. 45th Street), undated
6/41 Residences--Costello family (NE 20th and Tillamook), undated
6/42 Residences--Corbett family, undated
Built by Dundorf F.N. Clark Co.
6/43 Residences--G. H. Davis family , undated
6/44 Residences--Hirsch family (St. Clair Street), undated
6/45 Residences--Howard family (E. 20th and Multnomah), undated
6/46 Residences--Hutchings family (723 E. 19th), undated
6/47 Residences--Benage S. Josselyn family, 1910
Colonial Revival style house constructed as Massachusetts Building for Lewis and Clark Centennial Exposition in 1905, then moved to 6650 SE Scott Drive. Burned circa 1938-1939
6/48 Residences--Robert B. Karkeet family, undated
6/49 Residences--Lytle family (NE 22nd and Hancock), undated
6/49a Residences--Maegly family (226 SW Kingston Ave.), circa 1920
6/50 Residences--W. R. Muffley family (605 E. Madison), undated
6/51 Residences--W. E. Peters family, undated
6/52 Residences--Piggot's Castle (Robinson Hill), 1912
6/53 Residences--Rickert family, undated
6/54 Residences--J. N. Teal family (SW Clay), undated
6/55 Residences--Unidentified--Rose gardens, undated
7/1 Schools--Adcox Auto School--Classrooms, undated
7/2 Schools--Adcox Auto School--Machinery, undated
7/3 Schools--Benson Polytechnic--Automotive shops, circa 1918
7/4 Schools--Benson Polytechnic--Band, orchestra, circa 1918
7/5 Schools--Benson Polytechnic--Blacksmith shop, circa 1918
7/6 Schools--Benson Polytechnic--Cabinet shop, circa 1918
7/7 Schools--Benson Polytechnic--Cafeteria, circa 1918
7/8 Schools--Benson Polytechnic--Chemistry lab, circa 1918
7/9 Schools--Benson Polytechnic--Drafting class, circa 1918
7/10 Schools--Benson Polytechnic--Electrical shop, circa 1918
7/11 Schools--Benson Polytechnic--Electrical wiring shop, circa 1918
7/12 Schools--Benson Polytechnic--Exteriors, circa 1918
7/13 Schools--Benson Polytechnic--Exterior--Ford automobile on front steps, circa 1918
7/14 Schools--Benson Polytechnic--Generator Room, circa 1918
7/15 Schools--Benson Polytechnic--Gymnasium class, circa 1918
7/16 Schools--Benson Polytechnic--Lathe shop, circa 1918
7/17 Schools--Benson Polytechnic--Lecture room, circa 1918
7/18 Schools--Benson Polytechnic--Library, circa 1918
7/19 Schools--Benson Polytechnic--Machine shop, circa 1918
7/20 Schools--Benson Polytechnic--Metal shop, circa 1918
7/21 Schools--Benson Polytechnic--Office, circa 1918
7/22 Schools--Benson Polytechnic--Physics lab, circa 1918
7/23 Schools--Benson Polytechnic--Plumbing shop, circa 1918
7/24 Schools--Benson Polytechnic--Print shop, circa 1918
7/25 Schools--Benson Polytechnic--Sheet metal shop, circa 1918
7/26 Schools--Benson Polytechnic--Shop locker room, circa 1918
7/27 Schools--Benson Polytechnic--Shop supply room, circa 1918
7/28 Schools--Benson Polytechnic--Sports--Football, 1921
7/29 Schools--Benson Polytechnic--Sports--Lettermen and coaches, circa 1920
7/30 Schools--Benson Polytechnic--Sports--Track team and coaches,1920
7/31 Schools--Benson Polytechnic--Sports--Wrestling team and coach, circa 1920
7/32 Schools--Benson Polytechnic--Staff, unidentified, circa 1920
7/33 Schools--Benson Polytechnic--Student body, circa 1920
7/34 Schools--Benson Polytechnic--Students, classes, circa 1920
7/35 Schools--Benson Polytechnic--Tool-making shop, circa 1918
7/36 Schools--Benson Polytechnic--Truck shop, circa 1918
8/1 Schools--Franklin High School (5446 SE Division St.), circa 1920
8/2 Schools--Kennedy School (5736 NE 33rd Ave.), circa 1915
8/3 Schools--Jefferson High School (5210 N. Kerby Ave.), circa 1920
8/4 Schools--Lincoln High School (1620 SW Park Ave.), circa 1915
Later part of Portland State University campus.
8/5 Schools--Mills Open Air School (511 SE 60th Ave.), undated
8/6 Schools--Mt. Tabor School, (2318 E. 60th Ave.), undated
8/7 Schools--Knights of Columbus--Classrooms, undated
8/8 Schools--Knights of Columbus--Drafting class, undated
8/9 Schools--Knights of Columbus--Exterior, undated
8/10 Schools--Knights of Columbus--Graphic arts class, undated
8/11 Schools--Knights of Columbus--Machine shop class, undated
8/12 Schools--Knights of Columbus--Office, undated
8/13 Schools--Knights of Columbus--Radio class, undated
8/14 Schools--Knights of Columbus--Typing Class, undated
Includes photograph of an African-American student.
8/15 Schools--Pacific Chiropractic College--Bath, circa 1915
8/16 Schools--Pacific Chiropractic College--Classrooms, circa 1915
8/17 Schools--Pacific Chiropractic College--Exterior, circa 1915
8/18 Schools--Pacific Chiropractic College--Interior, circa 1915
8/19 Schools--Pacific Chiropractic College--Office and examining rooms, circa 1915
8/20 Schools--Pacific Chiropractic College--Reception room, circa 1915
8/21 Schools--Pacific Chiropractic College--Treatment rooms, circa 1915
8/22 Schools--Reed College , circa 1915
8/23 Schools--Rose City Elementary School (2323 NE 57th Ave.), circa 1920
8/24 Schools--St. Helen's Hall (1855 SW 13th Ave.), undated
8/25 Schools--Shattuck School (1914 SW Park Ave.), undated
8/26 Schools--Washington High School (531 SW 14th Ave.), undated
8/27 Theaters--Baker Theater, circa 1920
Caption: "Photo taken shortly before theater was condemned."
8/28 Theaters--Circle Theater, undated
8/29 Theaters--Columbia Theater (6th and Washington), 1914
8/30 Theaters--Globe Theater (412 1/2 Washington), 1920
8/31 Theaters--Hazelwood Theater, undated
8/32 Theaters--Hippodrome Theater, undated
8/33 Theaters--Hollywood Theater (4122 Sandy Boulevard), 1926
8/34 Theaters--Rivoli (371 Washington), 1926
8/35 Theaters--Worden Block, undated
8/36 YWCA--Building , undated
8/37 YWCA--Dinners, events, programs, undated
8/38 YWCA--Pool , undated
8/39 YWCA--Portraits, undated
8/40 YWCA--Sewing and other classes, undated
Businesses and industries
Box/Folder
9/1 A-1 Auto Works and Painting Co. (522 Alder), undated
9/2 A. J. Winters Co.--Auto Parts Distributors (65-67 Sixth St.), undated
9/3 A. M. Beaver Motor Co., 1920
9/4 Acme Fuel Co. (Holiday and E. 28th), undated
9/5 Acme Lumber Co. (St. John), undated
9/6 Alberta Garage (845 Alberta), 1925
9/7 Alberta Transfer (71 1st St.), undated
9/8 Albina Fuel Co. (E. 33rd and Broadway), undated
9/9 Alemite Lubricator Co. (397 Oak), 1920
9/10 Allen and Lewis, Preferred Stock Groceries (40-45 Front St.), 1921
9/11 American Laundry, undated
9/12 Arrow Ambulance Co. , undated
9/13 Atlas Transfer and Storage (153 Sixth St.), undated
In former Harper's Brass Works Building.
9/14 Auto Top Co. , undated
9/15 Automatic Cigar Co. , undated
9/16 Automatic Electric Brake Co., 1920
9/17 Babcock and Peets Direct Importers, Handmade Furniture Dealer (421 Alder), undated
9/18 Baggage Transfer and Van Co. (66 6th St. between Oak and Pine), 1921
9/19 Baker Shoe Co. , undated
9/20 Balfour Guthrie Co. (Oak near Park), undated
9/21 Blake-McFall Co. (346 E. Burnside), undated
9/22 Bolton's Service Station (SE corner of N. 10th), 1920
9/23 Broughton Motor Truck Co. (129-133 N. 10th), undated
9/24 Brown Cigar Co , 1921
9/25 Bulgers Comedy Animal Circus, undated
9/26 Burness and Martin, Radiators and Fenders, undated
9/27 Burton and Young (354 1st St.), undated
9/28 Business district, general views, circa 1915
9/29 C. A. Gore Motors Co. (255 21st St.), 1920
9/30 C. C. Bradley Co. (352 Washington), undated
9/31 C. L. Boss Automobile Co. (615-617 Washington), undated
9/32 C.O. Pick Transfer and Storage Co. (2nd and Pine), 1921
9/33 Campbell Fire Apparatus Co. (249 Salmon), undated
9/34 Carman Manufacturing Co. (1214 Macadam), undated
9/35 Cartozian Brothers Oriental Rugs, 1906
9/36 Chas C. Fagan Co. (Park and W. Burnside), undated
9/37 Clarke Woodword Drug Co. (Alder near Park), undated
9/38 Clay S. Morse Drayage and Storage, undated
9/39 Coast Culvert and Flume Co. (Columbia Blvd. and Kerby), undated
Includes photograph of John S. Beall, president.
9/40 Colby Compression Tube Co., undated
9/41 Columbia Contract Co., Sand and Gravel (E. Water and Salmon), undated
9/42 Commercial Transfer Co./NW Construction Co. (31-35 225 Ash and 1st), undated
9/43 Commercial Transfer Co./Pioneer Auto Truck Co. (31-35 1st), 1920
9/44 Conner and Co., Honey and Molasses (841 Macadam), undated
9/45 Covey Motor Car Co. (SW Washington and 21st), undated
9/46 Crane Co., 14th and Irving, undated
9/47 Crescent Paper Co. (40-42 Front St.), circa 1920
9/48 Crown Flour Mills , 1921
9/49 Crystal Ice and Storage Co. (432 E. Salmon), circa 1925
9/50 Cummings-Carson Co., Tires (104 Broadway), 1921
9/51 Curtis Brothers House Movers (361 1/2 E. Morrison), 1921
10/1 D. C. Warren Motor Car Company--Exterior, 1920
10/2 D. C. Warren Motor Car Company--Showroom, 1920
10/3 D. C. Warren Motor Car Company--Washington Park and other locations, undated
10/4 D. Ryman Transfer Co. (430 Burnside), undated
10/5 David Hodes Co., Automotive Accessories and Supplies, 1920
10/6 Delco, Klaxon, Remy dealer, 1920
10/7 Denny Renton Clay and Coal Co. showroom (733 Chamber of Commerce Building), 1920
10/8 Diamond Truck Sales Agency, (89-91 9th Ave.), undated
10/9 E. C. Selby Dairy Distributor (3635 SE 63rd), circa 1920
10/10 E. H. Bottemiller Furniture and Hardware Co. (749-751 Thurman), undated
10/11 Fahey-Brockman Men's Clothing Co. (327 Raleigh Building), circa 1920
10/12 Fields Motor Car Company--Exterior, 1920
10/13 Fields Motor Car Company--Showroom, 1920
10/14 Fields Motor Car Company--Offices, circa 1920
10/15 Fields Motor Car Company--Shop, 1920
10/16 Fisher Flouring Mill Co., undated
10/17 Fletcher and James Tires (410 Burnside), circa 1921
10/18 Fred Dundee Motor Car Repair and Machine Works (Broadway and Flanders), undated
10/19 Frye and Co., wholesale meats (13th and N. Hoyt), 1920
10/20 G. A. Morrison Lumber Co. (6022 S.E. 72nd), circa 1920
10/21 G. G. Gerber Auto Repair Company (481 Davis)--Building, circa 1920
10/22 G. G. Gerber Auto Repair Company (481 Davis)--Auto Bus, undated
Photographs of advertising sketches.
10/23 G. G. Gerber Auto Repair Company (481 Davis)--Automobile damage--Coupe at Armory, 1921
10/24 G. G. Gerber Auto Repair Company (481 Davis)--Automobile damage--Hudson, unidentified location , circa 1920
10/25 The George Lawrence Co., Leather and Findings (80-86 1st St.), circa 1920
10/26 Gevurtz and Sons Furniture Co./Sample Furniture Co. (173-175 1st), circa 1910
10/27 Goodyear Tire Dealer , circa 1920
10/28 Hassler Pacific Co. (92 N. Broadway)--Building, 1922
10/29 Hassler Pacific Co. (92 N. Broadway)--Ford auto truck, 1922
10/30 Holman Fuel Co./Banfield-Veysey Fuel Co. (94 5th St.), undated
10/31 Heywood Brothers and Wakefield Co. (148-154 N.10th St.), 1920
10/32 Hudson and Gram Wholesale Groceries Co. (315 E Taylor), 1921
10/33 International Motor Truck Co. (10th and Davis), circa 1920
11/1 J.E. Owens Hauling , 1920
11/2 J.W. Rouse (1521 E. Glisan), 1927
11/3 Jantzen Knitting Mills (31 N. 5th), circa 1920
11/4 Joe Navarra Produce , circa 1920
11/5 Jones Lumber , 1920
11/6 Karambelas Brothers, Columbia River Fish Depot (255 Yamhill), circa 1920
11/7 Kathryn Coffield Shop (374 Morrison), circa 1920
11/8 Kelly Springfield Tire Dealer, circa 1920
11/9 King Coal Co. (N. 18th and Upshur), circa 1922
11/10 Laher Auto Spring Co. (34 N. 15th), circa 1920
11/11 Lilly's Seeds (174 Front St.), 1920
11/12 Lipman Wolfe and Co. , circa 1920
11/13 Log Cabin Baking Co. (265 Ivy), circa 1920
11/14 Lumber mill--Peninsula Lumber Co. sawmill (Willamette Blvd., foot of McKenna Ave.), circa 1920
See also Series 12: Lumber Industry (24/1-24/21) for other photographs of lumbering in Oregon.
11/15 Lumber mill--Unidentified (near Carey Rd. on Willamette River), circa 1915
Six-panel panoramic photograph (missing third panel).
See also Series 12: Lumber Industry (24/1-24/21) for other photographs of lumbering in Oregon.
11/16 M. and H.H. Sichel, Hatters (331 Washington near Broadway), circa 1920
11/17 Mahon News Agency (45 N. 5th St.), circa 1920
11/18 Mathis Men's Wear (5th and Morrison), circa 1920
11/19 McCormick Music Co. (249-231 Washington), circa 1920
11/20 Meier and Frank (SW 5th and Morrison), undated
11/21 Metropolitan Store (328 Washington), circa 1920
11/22 Miers and Bockenfeld Transfer and Moving, circa 1920
11/23 Motor Inn Garage and Transfer (850 E. Burnside at 28th), circa 1920
11/24 Multnomah Lumber and Box Co. (foot of Bancroft Avenue), circa 1920
11/25 Multnomah Trunk and Bag Co. (82-86 E. Water St.), circa 1920
11/26 National Cold Storage and Ice Co. (309 E. Washington), circa 1920
11/27 Neer and Farr Fuel (305 Water St.), 1921
11/28 Nicolai-Neppach Co., Millwork (227 Davis St.), circa 1920
11/29 Northwest Bridge and Iron Co. (foot of Sheridan St.), circa 1920
11/30 Northwest Lumber and Fuel Co. (Halsey and 41st), undated
11/31 Northwest Oakland Co., automobile dealer, 1921
12/1 Olds, Wortman and King Co., circa 1920
12/2 Oregon Auto Dispatch Drayage and Storage, 1921
12/3 Oregon Casket Co.--Buildings and equipment
12/4 Oregon Casket Co.--Fageol truck, 1927
12/5 Oregon Chair Co. (11th and Macadam), circa 1925
12/6 Oregon Transfer Co. (474 Glisan), 1921
12/7 Oregonian (Morning Oregonian), 1921
12/8 Otis Elevator Co. (402 Burnside), circa 1920
12/9 Otness and Thomas--The Journal Flyer Express, Tillamook to Portland , 1920
12/10 P. H. Dunn Motor Co., Inc. (214 E. Broadway), circa 1925
12/11 P. J. Cronin Co., Auto Access (100 N. 10th), circa 1920
12/12 Pacific Coast Biscuit Co., undated
12/13 Pacific Car and Foundry Co., circa 1920
12/14 Palace Garage Co., Ford dealer (12th and Stark), 1920
12/15 Palace Laundry , circa 1920
12/16 Perry's Music Store , circa 1925
12/17 Phlegley and Cavender Clothing (135 4th St. at Alder), circa 1920
12/18 Pickwick Stages, Pierce Arrow dealer, 1920
12/19 Portland Broom Co. (935-945 Sandy Blvd.), 1920
12/20 Portland Brazing Works, circa 1920
12/21 Portland Gas and Coke Co., circa 1916-1920
Includes photographs of the GASCO Plant on Linnton Road and offices on 5th and Alder.
12/22 The Portland Hotel , 1920
12/23 The Portland News, 1920
12/24 Portland Motor Co. (Burnside and 10th), circa 1920
12/25 Portland Union Stock Yards (North Portland)--Buildings and feed lot, circa 1910
12/26 Portland Union Stock Yards (North Portland)--Cattle Sales, circa 1910
12/27 Portland Van and Storage Co. (15th and Kearney), 1921
12/28 Portland Woolen Mills (foot of West Baltimore St., St. Johns), 1921
Later Pendleton Woolen Mill.
12/29 Rex Motor Co. (10th and Flanders), 1921
12/30 Rinehart Real Estate , circa 1920
12/31 Riverview Dairy , 1921
12/32 Roberts Brothers Dry Goods (3rd and Morrison), circa 1920
12/33 Rogers Auto Transfer (63 N. 2nd St.), 1920
12/34 Rosenblatts Clothing , circa 1920
12/35 Routledge Seed and Floral (145-147 2nd between Alder and Morrison), circa 1920
13/1 St. John's Transfer and Storage, 1920
13/2 Schlesser Brothers Wholesale Butchers, 1920
13/3 Scripps-Booth Auto Co. of California, Portland branch, 1920
13/4 Sealy-Dresser Co., Groceries (3rd and Alder), 1925
13/5 Sellwood Drayage and Storage, 1920
13/6 Sherman Clay and Co. , 1920
13/7 Show window of unidentified business (811 N. Williams Avenue), 1920
13/8 Simmons Beds and Mattresses, 1925
13/9 Sinclair Provision Co. (475 Everett St.), circa 1910
13/10 Smith and Co. Grocers (524 NE 15th Avenue), 1920
13/11 Smith's Flower Shop (141 Sixth St.), 1920
13/12 Standard Lumber Co. , 1920
13/13 Standard Oil Co. , 1920
13/14 Star Sand Co. , 1921
13/15 Steinbach Co. (721 Main), 1920
13/16 Swift and Co. (366 2nd, North Portland)--Buildings, 1920
13/17 Swift and Co. (366 2nd, North Portland)--International truck, 1920
13/18 Swiss Floral Co. (412 E. 7th)--Show room, 1915
13/19 Swiss Floral Co. (412 E. 7th)--Residential landscaping, 1920
13/20 Twentieth Century Grocery (35 E. 3rd), 1925
13/21 Tri-Bin, Oil Chemical Co., 1920
13/22 Troy Laundry , 1920
13/23 Tucker's All States Auto Camp and Matt's No. 2 Real Pitt Barbecue, undated
13/24 Union Avenue Auto Service (493 Union Ave.), 1920
13/25 Union Laundry , circa 1920
13/26 Union Oil Co., Oilton Station, 1920
13/27 Union Pacific Railroad--Safety Award Gathering, 1922
13/28 United Motors Service Co., circa 1920
13/29 Universal Car Exchange Co., Ford dealer, circa 1920
13/30 Universal Transmission, circa 1920
13/31 Vegan Candy Co. (E. 11th and Flanders), 1920
13/32 W.H. Wallingford Co. (Burnside and 15th), 1919-1920
13/32 Warehouse complex (Eastside, Willamette River), circa 1920
13/34 Warren Construction , circa 1920
13/35 Waterhouse and Lester Co., circa 1920
13/36 West Coast Engraving Co. (509 Commonwealth), circa 1925
13/37 West Oregon Lumber , circa 1920
13/38 Willamette Iron and Steel, 1920
13/39 Willamette Oakland Co. (Broadway and Flanders), 1920
13/40 Willard Storage Battery Company--Buildings, 1920
13/41 Willard Storage Battery Company--Dealer convention., circa 1920
Includes photograph of group at Multnomah Falls.
13/42 Williams Brothers Transfer and Storage, circa 1920
13/43 Winther Logging , 1920
13/44 Winthrop Hammond Co. (SW Stark), circa 1925
13/45 Women's clothing shop , circa 1915
13/46 Zan Brothers Brooms (50-54 Front St.), undated
13/47 Zellerback Paper Co. , circa 1920
Cemeteries
Box/Folder
14/1 Mt. Scott , undated
Includes photograph of Mt. Scott Cemetery Depot.
14/2 St. Mary's , circa 1915
Photograph of graves of the John Madigan family.
14/3 Unidentified cemeteries, undated
Clubs
See also 6/15-6/17.
Box/Folder
14/4 Old Men's Hebrew Fraternity Association, undated
14/5 Portland Auto Club , 1912
14/6 Rotary Club , 1916
Gardens
Box/Folder
14/7 "Mrs. Fuller's Garden", undated
14/8 "Mrs. Montague's Garden", undated
Golf courses
Box/Folder
14/9 Waverly Country Club , undated
Hospitals, asylums, and homes
Box/Folder
14/10 Boys and Girls Aid Society, 1920
14/11 Florence Crittendon Home, undated
14/12 Morningside Hospital--Artist rendering of cottage, 1921 November 1
Taken for the United States Department of the Interior and captioned, "Little Patients from Alaska Morningside Hospital for the Sanitarium Co., Portland, Oregon, Dr. Henry Waldo Coe, Medical Director, Jaccobberger and Smith, Architects, Portland, Oregon, Scott Bone, Governor of Alaska." Signed by F. M. Goodwin of the Department of Interior.
14/13 Morningside Hospital--Buildings, 1921
14/14-16 Morningside Hospital--Farm, 1921
14/17 Morningside Hospital--Grounds, 1921
14/18 Morningside Hospital--Utility structures, 1921
14/19 Morningside Hospital--Patients and attendants outdoors, 1921
14/20 Morningside Hospital--Underground crop storage, undated
14/21 Morningside Hospital--Dormitory, undated
14/22 Veteran's Hospital , undated
Lewis and Clark Centennial Exposition
Box/Folder
14/23 View of grounds , 1905
14/24 Forestry Building , 1905-1910
Maps
Box/Folder
14/25 Birds-eye view of Portland, Or., undated
Map originally created by Clohessy and Strengeles, Portland, Or., 1890.
Missions
Box/Folder
14/26 Chinese Christian Mission, 1915
Monuments and Fountains
Box/Folder
14/27 "Coming of the White Man", 1905
14/28 Elk Fountain , circa 1905
Presented to the City of Portland by David P. Thompson in 1900.
14/29 George Washington , 1927
Statue in front of Masonic Lodge Building (NE Sandy Boulevard at Alameda), presented to the City of Portland by Henry Waldo Cole.
14/30 Sacajawea (Washington Park), undated
Parades and festivals
Box/Folder
14/31 Fourth of July , 1916
Taken at Lincoln High School (later Portland State University).
14/32 May Festival at Multnomah Athletic Club stadium, 1910
14/33 Rose Festival , 1922
Parks
Box/Folder
14/34 Laurelhurst , undated
14/35 MacLeary Park , undated
14/36 Park Blocks , 1910-1920
14/37 Washington Park, undated
Police
Box/Folder
14/38 Headquarters (SW 3rd and Oak), 1920
Streets
Box/Folder
14/39 SW Fifth, undated
14/40 SW Sixth, undated
Includes views of Jackson Towee, Broadway Dye Works, Pioneer Court House, and Portland Hotel.
14/41 E. Burnside and 28th , undated
14/42 Clackamas and E. 13th , 1920
Includes photograph of an automobile accident.
14/43 Glisan and 20th , 1920
Includes photograph of the Couch School.
14/44 SE Francis , undated
14/45 Sherman and 2nd, 1921
Includes photographs of automobile accidents.
14/46 SW 6th and Washington, 1912
Includes photographs of Baltimore Lunch, Cozy Dairy Lunch, Diamond Palace Fine Watch and Jewelry Repair, Hotel Rampo, and streetcars.
14/46a Union Ave., undated
Views
Box/Folder
14/47 Downtown, undated
Includes views of the Portland Hotel, Pioneer Courthouse, Meier and Frank, Hotel Jackstone, and Jackson Tower.
14/48 Harbor, undated
Includes views of ships, docks, Hotel Dayton, M. Barde and Sons Pipe Equipment, Stephenson Co., and Wallace Corcoran Co.
14/49 Mt. Hood , undated
Includes copy print by Arthur M. Prentiss.
14/50 Mt. St. Helens and Mt. Hood, 1912 February 29
Panoramic photograph.
14/51 Mt. Scott , undated
14/52 River--Willamette Marsh, undated
Includes photographs of Swan Island and Mocks Bottom.
14/53 Snow scenes--Horse-drawn vehicles, 1905
14/54 Snow scenes--NE Sandy Blvd., 1920
14/56 Water reservoirs , 1905
Subseries 4: Locations outside Oregon, 1901-1926
46 items
Arranged alphabetically by state and then alphabetically by locations within states.
This subseries contains copy photographs of original Gifford negatives of various locations in California, Idaho, and Washington.
California
Box/Folder
15/1 Chico--Hooker Oak Tree, Bidwell estate, 1910
15/2 McCloud River , 1910
15/3 Sacramento River--Mt. Shasta Retreat, 1910
Idaho
Box/Folder
15/4 Clearwater River, near Lewiston, undated
15/5 St. Joe's River , undated
Caption: "Spokane Sunset"
Washington
Box/Folder
15/6 Camas, 1910
15/7 Centralia--Fort Borst Blockhouse, 1905
15/8 Freight company , 1921
15/9 Kent, 1915
Two-panel panoramic photograph.
15/10 Klickitat River , 1910
15/11 MacCleary Park , undated
15/12 Mt. Adams , 1901-circa 1905
Includes photograph of Trout Lake.
15/13 Mt. Rainier , undated
15/14 Mt. St. Helens , undated
15/15 Pend Oreille River , undated
15/16 Pullman, circa 1905
Includes photograph of Washington State College (later Washington State University).
15/17 Raymond, circa 1905
15/18 Seattle--Buildings , circa 1905
Includes photographs of Ballard Building and Rockwood Hotel.
15/19 Seattle--Columbia Park (later Volunteer Park), undated
15/20 Seattle--Residence--Ethel Cole family, undated
15/21 Seattle--Seward Park--Potrait--Cole family, 1926 May 14
15/22 Snoqualmie Falls , undated
15/23 Snoqualmie River , circa 1905
15/24 Tacoma, circa 1905
Includes photographs of Hotel Northern and Stadium High School.
15/25 Fort Vancouver , undated
15/26 Vancouver , circa 1905-1920
15/27 Washougal , circa 1920
15/28 Winlock, circa 1905
Subseries 5: Unidentified locations, 1905-1928
225 items
Arranged alphabetically by type of landmark or location.
This subseries contains copy photographs of original Gifford negatives of unidentified locations.
Bridges
Box/Folder
16/1 International Construction Co. Bridge, 1910
16/2 Various unidentified bridges, 1905-1910
16/3 Railroad bridges , undated
Buildings
Box/Folder
16/4 Forest lookout , undated
16/4a Hospital--interior, undated
16/5 Public building , 1910
16/6 Residences--Beach Houses, undated
16/7 Residences--Cabins and rustic houses, 1905-1920
16/8 Residences--Houses--City, 1905-1920
16/9 Residences--Houses--Country, 1910-1920
16/10 Residences--Interiors , 1905-1910
16/11 Residences--Interior, Scotty Williamson home, 1928
16/12 Residences--Root cellars, undated
16/13 Schools--Buildings , undated
16/14 Schools--Boys correctional school--Farm, 1920
Businesses
Box/Folder
16/15 Agriculture related--IDAN-HA brand, 1915
16/16 Auto parts store--Interior, 1920
16/16a Bissinger & Co., undated
16/17 Chinese store , 1920
16/17a Dress shop, undated
16/18 Haugh Cigar Store, undated
16/19 Homestead Inn, undated
16/20 Hotel--Exterior, undated
16/21 Hotel--Interior, undated
16/22 Jack and Jill Roadhouse, undated
16/22a Kitchens, undated
16/23 Machine shop, undated
16/23a The Nut House--Display window, undated
16/24 Offices, undated
16/25 Oregon State Bank , undated
16/26 Restaurant--Interior , 1920
16/27 Scott Moser Phonograph Store, undated
16/28 Stackhouse Piano Co. , undated
16/29 Tourist Garage , undated
Churches
Box/Folder
16/30 Catholic, undated
Cities and towns
Box/Folder
16/31 Unidentified locations, undated
16/32 Cooper's Development , undated
Includes photograph of a drawing.
Dams
Box/Folder
16/33 Unidentified locations, undated
Gardens
Box/Folder
17/1 Unidentified locations, undated
Industry
Box/Folder
17/2 A. Hoist and Derrick Co., 1920
17/3 Mills, circa 1905
17/4 U.S. Oil and Gas--Drilling, 1920
17/5 Warehouses, circa 1920
Lakes
Box/Folder
17/6 Various lake views , undated
17/7 North Lake , undated
17/8 Unidentified locations, undated
Rivers and streams
Box/Folder
17/9 Boats, undated
17/10 Cattle, undated
17/11 Fishing, undated
17/12-17/13 Views, undated
Box/Folder
17/14 Roads, undated
17/15 Trails, undated
Trees and forests
Box/Folder
17/16 Forests, 1909, undated
17/17 Ponderosa pines , undated
17/18 Waterfalls, undated
Subseries 6: Agriculture, 1899-1902
467 items
Arranged into the following groups: Beekeeping, Crops, Equipment, Farms, Irrigation, Livestock, and Poultry.
This subseries contains copy photographs of original Gifford negatives of activities relating to agriculture in Oregon. Many images in this subseries were produced for railroads and community booster organizations. Benjamin Gifford took the bulk of the images, mostly in Oregon, as well as Washington. Few of the images identify the location where the photograph was taken, and most are undated. The images in this subseries consist primarily of prints made from original negatives but also includes some copy prints made from a loaned album (Box 29).
Box/Folder
18/1 Beekeeping--Beehives, undated
Crops
Box/Folder
18/2 Alfalfa, undated
18/3 Apples--Blossoms , undated
18/4 Apples--Fruit , undated
18/5 Apples--Harvest , undated
Includes photographs of Asian, as well as other, orchard workers.
18/6 Apples--Orchards, mature, undated
Includes photograph taken at Dufur, Or.
18/7 Apples--Orchards, young, undated
18/8 Apples--Spraying , undated
18/9 Barley, undated
18/10 Beans, undated
18/11 Berries--Berry fields , undated
18/12 Berries--Blackberries , undated
18/13 Berries--Gooseberries , undated
18/14 Berries--Raspberries , undated
18/15 Berries--Strawberries , undated
18/16 Cabbage field , undated
18/17 Cauliflower , undated
18/18 Cherries, undated
18/19 Clover, undated
18/20 Corn, undated
18/21 Fruit, other--Orchards--Trees, undated
Includes photograph taken at The Dalles, Or.
18/22 Fruit, other--Orchards in blossom, undated
18/23 Fruit, other--Orchard views , undated
18/24 Grain, undated
18/25 Grain--Harvesting--Equipment, undated
Includes photograph taken in Umatilla County, Or.
18/26, 29/15 Grain--Sacked , 1899, undated
Includes photograph taken in Heppner, Or. and photograph with caption: "80,000 Sacks of Wheat, Maryhill, Washington, to be shipped to Portland via the U.P."
18/27 Grain--Threshing , undated
18/28 Grapes--Vineyards , undated
Includes photographs taken in The Dalles, Or.
19/1 Hay--Baling , undated
19/2 Hay--Fields , undated
19/3 Hay--Mown , undated
19/4 Hay--Stacking , undated
19/5 Hops, undated
19/6 Oats, undated
19/7 Onions, undated
19/8 Peaches, undated
19/9 Pears, undated
Includes photograph taken at The Dalles, Or.
19/10 Plum and prunes , undated
19/11 Potatoes, undated
19/12 Pumpkins and squash , undated
19/13 Rhubarb, undated
19/14 Sugar Beets , undated
19/15 Tomatoes, undated
19/16 Vetch, undated
19/17 Watermelon , undated
19/18 Wheat and flour , undated
Equipment
Box/Folder
19/19 Horse-drawn , undated
19/20 Mule-drawn , undated
19/21 Tractors--Fordson , undated
19/22 Tractors--Fordson with Casey trailer, undated
19/23 Tractors--Plowing and harvesting, undated
19/24 Tractors--Reapers , undated
Farms
Box/Folder
19/25 Barns and outbuildings, undated
19/26 Fields, undated
19/27 Lithograph of farm scene, undated
Copy photograph of lithograph, original artist unknown.
19/28 Orevania Farm , undated
19/29 Views--Panorama , undated
19/30 Views--With pond , undated
19/31 Views--With split rail fences, undated
19/32 Views--With windmill , undated
19/33 Views--With buildings and fields, undated
19/34 Workers, undated
Irrigation
Box/Folder
19/35 Canals, undated
19/36 Canals--Construction , undated
19/37 Headgate, undated
19/38 Irrigated land, undated
19/39 Malheur Lake Project, undated
19/40 Umatilla Project, undated
19/41 Willamette Valley Irrigated Land Co. land, ditches, and roads, West Stayton, Or., undated
19/42 Works, undated
Livestock
Box/Folder
20/1 Cattle--Beef--Corralled, undated
20/2 Cattle--Beef--Range cattle, undated
20/3 Cattle--Calves , undated
20/4 Cattle--Dairy--Cows, general, undated
20/5 Cattle--Dairy--Guernsey cows, undated
Include photograph with the caption: "Princess of Meadowbrook (18255)."
20/6 Cattle--Dairy--Posed for show, undated
20/7 Horses and mules , undated
20/8 Horses--Posed for show, undated
20/9 Pigs, undated
20/10 Ranches--Cattle, undated
20/11 Ranches--Cattle--Clufs (?) Ranch, undated
Located in the Steens Mountains, 130 miles from Burns, Or.
20/12 Ranches--Sheep--Matlock Ranch, undated
Caption: "Team of standard bred mares owned and raised by Matlock near Heppner."
20/13 Ranches--Sheep--Arthur Minor Ranch, circa 1900
Located near Heppner, Or.
20/14, 29/16 Ranches--Sheep--Columbia River Ferry (Lyle, Washington) , 1899
Captions: "At the Ferry [Sheep], Columbia River" and "Herd of Sheep on Bank, Columbia River."
20/15, 29/16 Ranches--Sheep--Drives, circa 1902, undated
Flock of sheep moving through stand of treesFlock of sheep, saddled horse, men
20/16, 29/16 Ranches--Sheep--Grazing, undated
20/17 Ranches--Sheep--Herds , undated
20/18 Ranches--Sheep--Posed for show, undated
20/19 Ranches--Sheep--Sheared and branded, undated
20/20 Ranches--Sheep--Shepherds, 1902
Includes photograph with the caption: "Mat Thornton, dog, a typical sheepherder near Kingsley."
Poultry
Box/Folder
20/21 Chickens, undated
20/22 Turkeys, undated
Subseries 7: Activities, advertising, and art, circa 1900-1921
117 items
Arranged into the following groups: Activities; Advertising; and Art and music.
This subseries contains copy photographs of original Gifford negatives of various activities in Oregon, including flower arranging and recreational activities; advertising for various Oregon businesses; and art and music in Oregon, including images of the Gifford Photography Studio and Gifford's work for the Northern Pacific Railroad.
Activities
Box/Folder
21/1 Beauty contest , undated
21/2 Christmas celebrations, undated
21/3 Christmas parties , undated
Some of these photographs were possibly taken at Morningside Hospital, Portland, Or.
21/4 Circus--Sells-Floto , 1921
21/5 Flowers and flower arranging--Azaleas, undated
21/6 Flowers and flower arranging--Floral arrangements, undated
Includes photograph taken in The Dalles, Or.
21/7 Flowers and flower arranging--Floral arrangements, undated
21/8 Flowers and flower arranging--Fritilaria pudita, undated
21/9 Flowers and flower arranging--Hydrangeas, undated
21/10 Flowers and flower arranging--Peonies, undated
21/11 Flowers and flower arranging--Rhododendrons, undated
21/12 Flowers and flower arranging--Roses, undated
21/13 Flowers and flower arranging--Rose arrangements, undated
21/14 Flowers and flower arranging--Rose gardens, undated
Includes photographs of many unidentified locations, as well as garden of a house at NW 26th and Northrup in Portland, Or.
21/15 Recreational activities--Boating, undated
21/16 Recreational activities--Camping, undated
21/17 Recreational activities--Hiking, undated
21/18 Recreational activities--Hockey--Portland Hockey Team, undated
21/19 Recreational activities--Horse racing--race track, undated
21/20 Recreational activities--Horseback riding, undated
21/21 Recreational activities--Hunting, undated
21/22 Recreational activities--Mountain climbing--Mount Hood, undated
21/23 Recreational activities--Pack trips, undated
21/24 Recreational activities--Picnicking, undated
21/25 Recreational activities--Polo, undated
21/26 Recreational activities--Snowshoeing, undated
21/27 Recreational activities--Swimming, undated
Includes photograph taken at Columbia Beach.
Advertising
Box/Folder
21/28 Automobile parts--Rolls-em-out, undated
21/29 Billboards , undated
Includes signs for Kerr's Rolled Oats; M. Sichel Men's Wear (331 Washington); Mack trucks; Riverview Milk; Sealy Mattress; and Willard Storage and Battery.
21/30 Kern skin products , undated
21/31 Letters and documents--Albatross Metal Furniture, undated
Photographs of letters, purchase orders and contracts for Albatross Metal Furniture (22nd and Thurman Street, Portland, Or.).
21/32 Letters and documents--Automatic Electric Brake Co., undated
Photographs of letters, purchase orders and contracts.
21/33 Letters and documents--Hudson and Gram Co., 1921
Photographs of letters, purchase orders and contracts.
21/34 Letters and documents--The Overhere Digest, 1920
21/35 Remington Typewriters , undated
Art and music
Box/Folder
21/36 Gallery of Oregon paintings, undated
21/37 Gifford Photography Studio--The Dalles, Or., circa 1900, undated
21/38 Gifford Photography Studio--Mobile studio, circa 1900
21/39 Gifford Photography Studio--Work for Northern Pacific Railroad, circa 1900
21/40 Music--Bands, undated
21/41 Music--Bands--Sailors, undated
Subseries 8: Native Americans, circa 1898-1901
13 items
Arranged alphabetically by subject.
This subseries contains copy photographs of original Gifford negatives that document various aspects of Native American life and also includes portraits of Native Americans. Includes some copy prints made from a loaned album (Box 29).
Box/Folder
22/1 Basketry, undated
29/17 Burial grounds--Memaloose Island, circa 1898
Caption: "Indian Burying Place, Island" (Columbia River). See also 29/6.
22/2, 29/18 Canoes, undated
Includes photographs with the following captions: "Native and Dugout Canoe, Celilo, Columbia River" and "The Home Guard on the Columbia."
29/19 Dancers, 1900
22/3, 29/20 Fishing--Salmon , 1899-1901
Includes photograph that depicts fishing at Celilo Falls and photographs with the following captions: "Natives spearing and netting salmon on the Columbia"; "Natives Spearing Salmon on the Columbia River"; and "Salmon Jumping the Rapids."
29/21-29/22 Portraits, 1901
29/21 includes photographs with the following captions: "Two Tiger and Twa-Wei"; "Indian Woman with Baby"; "Two Tiger"; "Chief Hash-Nash-Shut."29/22 includes photographs with the following captions: "Chief Shen-No-Watch, Wasco Tribe"; "Wasco Squaw and Pack"; and "Wasco Squaw."
22/6 Rock art, undated
Includes photograph of petroglyphs, as well as photograph with the caption, "Natives Spearing and Netting Salmon on the Columbia."
29/23 Teepees, 1899
Includes photograph with the caption, "My Day at Home. Wa-Ku-Kum."
22/6a Totem poles, undated
29/24 Yakima, 1899
Includes photograph with the caption, "Pop-Kio-Winah, Yakima."
Subseries 9: Portraits, undated
60 items
Arranged alphabetically by last name or subject into six groups: Children; Funerals; Groups; Men; Weddings; and Women.
This subseries contains copy photographs of original Gifford negatives of portraits of both individuals and groups, some identified but most unidentified. The photographs of men include a photograph of Benjamin Gifford on horseback.
Box/Folder
22/7 Children--Church confirmation class, undated
22/8 Children--McCorkle child, undated
22/9 Children--Ralph Monk, undated
22/10 Children--Unidentified children, undated
22/11 Funerals--People in caskets , undated
22/12 Funerals--St. Patrick's Church , undated
22/13 Groups--Businesses--Chef Henry Thiele, undated
Thiele and catering staff at Scottish Rite Temple, Portland, Or.
22/14 Groups--Businesses--Unidentified, undated
22/15 Groups--Businesses--United Service Co., undated
22/16 Groups--Dinner at Multnomah Athletic Club, undated
22/17 Groups--Frank Egan family , undated
22/18 Groups--Mrs. Hines and babies , undated
22/19 Groups--Italian men , undated
22/20 Groups--Mixed groups--Unidentified, undated
22/21 Groups--Morris boy's birthday party, 1920
22/22 Groups--School portraits--Troutdale District, undated
22/23 Groups--School portraits--Unidentified, undated
22/24 Groups--Shriners, 1920
Includes photograph of Masonic Temple.
22/25 Groups--U.S. Veteran's Hospital No. 77, undated
22/26 Groups--Whitfield-Whitcomb dance, undated
22/27 Groups--Women--Unidentified , undated
22/28 Groups--Woodmen of the World and Women's Woodcraft, undated
22/29 Men--William Jennings Bryan (1860-1925), undated
22/30 Men--Chester Conklin (1888-1971), undated
22/31 Men--Benjamin A. Gifford (1859-1936) on horseback, undated
22/32 Men--Dr. Ozamala (?) , 1920
22/33 Men--Mr. Pies and pet bear , undated
22/34 Men--Unidentified , undated
22/35 Weddings--Unidentified , undated
Includes photographs of an Asian couple's wedding.
22/36 Weddings--Williams wedding , undated
22/37 Women--Unidentified , undated
Subseries 10: Industry, undated
65 items
Arranged alphabetically by subject.
This subseries contains copy photographs of original Gifford negatives of various industries in Oregon and their products, including canning, construction, machine parts, mining, paper mills, and shipbuilding, among other subjects.
Box/Folder
23/1 Canning--Salmon--Canneries, undated
23/2 Canning--Salmon--Union Fisherman's Cooperative Packing Co. (Astoria, Oregon), undated
23/3 Canning--Produce--Libby, McNeill and Libby, undated
23/4 Construction--Carpentry , undated
23/5 Construction--Sites , undated
23/6 Dairying--Unidentified locations, undated
23/7 Gravel--Pit, undated
23/8 Heating--Gas Heaters , undated
23/9 Machine Parts--Kolne Furnace Works, 1923
23/10 Machine Parts--Various machines and parts, undated
Includes photograph with the caption, "Tandem Slitter, arranged for #1 Coffee Plate"
23/11 Machine parts--Anderson Draft Regulator, undated
Photographs taken at the following sites: Davidson Baking Co. (Portland, Or.); F.S. Harmon Company's Plant (Tacoma, Wash.); Hansen Bread Co. (Seattle, Wash.); National Baking Co. (Seattle, Wash.); Puyallup and Sumner Fruit Growers Canning Co. (Puyallup, Wash.); Sloan's Bakery (Chicago, Ill.); and Tourney Building (Portland, Or.), among other unidentified places.
23/12 Mining--Operations , undated
Includes photographs of gold mining at Table Rock, Or, as well as hydraulic mining.
23/13 Oil--Standard Oil Co. , undated
23/14 Paper mills--Unidentified operation, undated
23/15 Paving--Aggregate , undated
23/16 Shipbuilding--Keel laying , undated
23/17 Wool processing , undated
Subseries 11: Fishing and fisheries, 1899-circa 1915
60 items
Arranged alphabetically by type of activity or industry associated with fishing or fisheries.
The subseries contains copy photographs made from original Gifford negatives that depict various aspects of fishing and fisheries in Oregon and Washington. Includes some copy prints made from a loaned album (Box 29).
Box/Folder
23/18, 29/25 Fish wheels, 1899-1900, undated
Includes photographs with the following captions: "Fish Wheel and Scow Wheel at Head of 5 Mile Rapids, Upper Columbia" and "Fish Wheel at Cascade Locks."
23/19 Hatcheries--Fish traps , undated
23/20 Hatcheries--Oregon Central Salmon Hatchery (Bonneville, Or.)--Exteriors, circa 1915
23/21 Hatcheries--Oregon Central Salmon Hatchery (Bonneville, Or.)--Interiors, circa 1915
23/22 Oysters--Shoalwater Bay, Wash.--Harvest, undated
23/23 Oysters--Shoalwater Bay, Wash.--Boat, undated
23/24 Salmon--Catching , undated
23/25 Salmon--In water , undated
23/26-23/27 Seining with horses--Sauvie Island, Or., undated
23/28 Smelt--Sandy River, Or., undated
23/29 Sport fishing--Boat fishing, undated
23/30 Sport fishing--Lake Fishing, undated
23/31 Sport fishing--Netting--Benham Falls, Deschutes River, Or., undated
23/32 Sport fishing--Stream fishing, undated
Subseries 12: Lumber industry, circa 1905-1918
87 items
Arranged alphabetically by subject.
This subseries contains copy photographs made from original Gifford negatives that depict various aspects of the lumber industry in Oregon. Subjects include logging operations, sawmills, and standing timber.
Box/Folder
24/1 Logging--Benson Lumber Co.--Rafting, undated
24/2 Logging--Log flumes , undated
24/3 Logging--Log loading , undated
24/4 Logging--Log rafting , undated
24/5 Logging--Logging camps , undated
24/6 Logging--Logging road--Clearing, undated
24/7 Logging--Logging scenes , circa 1918, undated
24/8 Logging--Splash dam , undated
24/9 Sawmills--Large--Interiors, undated
24/10 Sawmills--Large--Exteriors, undated
24/11 Sawmills--Large--Mountain Timber Co., undated
24/12 Sawmills--Large--Wasco Mill, undated
24/13 Sawmills--Small--Exterior , undated
24/14 Sawmills--Small--Drake's Sawmill (near Bend, Or.), undated
24/15 Sawmills--Small--Pilot Butte Canal (near Bend, Or.), undated
24/16 Standing timber--Diamond Fir Co., undated
24/17 Standing timber--Pine , undated
24/18 Standing timber--Spruce , undated
24/19 Standing timber--With people, undated
24/20 Standing timber--With roads, circa 1905-1915
24/21 Standing timber--Timber felling, undated
Subseries 13: Military, circa 1918
16 items
This subseries contains copy photographs made from original Gifford negatives of military activities in Oregon during World War I, including the Oregon National Guard and Spruce Division of the U.S. Army, which was formed to harvest spruce for airplane construction during World War I.
Box/Folder
24/22 Multnomah Guard--Company F, undated
24/23 Oregon National Guard--Field Training, undated
24/24 Spruce Division--U. S. Army, 1918-1919
Includes photographs of enlistment record and affidavit of honorable discharge from U. S. Army Spruce Division for Corporal Henry Wick, 1918-1919.
Subseries 14: Transportation, 1899-1927
307 items
Arranged alphabetically by subject into the following groups: Automobiles; Boats and ships; Railroads; Tractor; and Trucks.
This subseries contains copy photographs made from original Gifford negatives of various modes of transportation and the transportation industry in Oregon. Subjects include various makes and models of automobiles, as well as auto parts and accessories; images of ships and steamboats; railroads, including the Oregon-Washington Railway & Navigation Co.; and various makes and models of tractors and trucks. Includes some copy prints made from a loaned album (Box 29).
Automobiles
Box/Folder
25/1 Makes--Chalmers , undated
Photographs for advertisements.
25/2 Makes--Chandler , 1919
25/3 Makes--Chevrolet , undated
25/4 Makes--Columbia Six , undated
25/5 Makes--Ford--Unidentified models, undated
25/6 Makes--Ford--Model T , undated
25/7 Makes--Ford--Other Fords, 1919
25/8 Makes--Ford--At Pittock Mansion (Portland, Or.), 1921
25/9 Makes--Ford, 1923
25/10 Makes--Jordan , 1920
Includes photographs taken at the Pittock Mansion, Portland, Or.
25/11 Makes--Maxwell , 1919
25/12 Makes--Mitchell , undated
25/13 Makes--Oldsmobile, undated
25/14 Makes--Overland, 1920
25/15 Makes--Packard, undated
25/16 Makes--Peerless, undated
25/17 Makes--Scripps Booth, 1920
25/18 Makes--Stearns Knight, 1920
25/19 Makes--Unidentified--Portland, Or. locations, undated
25/20 Makes--Unidentified--Washington Park, Portland, Or., undated
25/20a Makes--Velie, 1920
25/21 Mechanics , undated
25/22 Parts and accessories--Automobile beds--Callahan Auto Bed, undated
25/23 Parts and accessories--Automatic Electric Brake Co. (Portland, Oregon), undated
25/24 Parts and accessories--Bumper--Buick, undated
25/25 Parts and accessories--Lights, 1919
25/26 Parts and accessories--Motors, undated
25/27 Parts and accessories--Motors--Trucks, undated
25/28 Parts and accessories--Springs, undated
25/29 Parts and accessories--Transmissions--Universal
25/30 Parts and accessories--Wind deflectors, undated
25/31 Buses, undated
Boats, ships, and steamboats
Box/Folder
26/1 Boats--Chinook, wreck of, at The Dalles, Or., undated
26/2 Boats--Dance boat--Swan, undated
26/3 Boats--Ferries , undated
26/6 Boats--Dredges , undated
26/7 Boats--Sailboats, undated
26/8 Ships--Bear (Portland, Or. harbor), undated
26/9 Ships--Chinook, undated
26/10 Ships--Coaxet (East Portland Harbor), undated
Includes views of Steel Bridge in Portland, Or.
26/11 Ships--Glenroy, undated
26/12 Ships--Great Northern, undated
26/13 Ships--Hanley at Globe Grain and Milling Co., undated
26/14 Ships--Portland Harbor, undated
At the Albers Milling Co., Crown Flour Mill docks.
26/15 Ships--S.S. Northern Pacific, undated
26/16 Ships--Strathspey from Hoquiam at Portland, Or. harbor, undated
Includes view of Steel Bridge.
26/17 Ships--Unidentified , undated
26/18 Ships--U.S.S. Milwaukie, undated
26/19 Ships--U.S.S. Oregon, undated
26/20 Ships--U.S.S. South Dakota, undated
26/21 Ships--Torrey at Portland, Or. harbor, undated
Photograph depicts the ship tied up at Municipal Terminal No. 47.
26/22 Ships--West Kader, undated
26/23, 29/27 Steamboats--Bailey Gatzert, 1901, undated
Includes photograph with the caption, "Steamboat Bailey Gatzert Approaching Cascade Locks on Columbia River."
29/28 Steamboats--Dalles City, 1899
26/24, 29/29 Steamboats--Regulator, 1902
Includes photographs with the following captions: "Steamer Regulator near the Palisades" and "Steamer Regulator near Castle Rock."
Railroads
Box/Folder
26/25 Interurban--Car interior, undated
29/26 Oregon Railway & Navigation Co.--Tunnels, 1901
After 1910, known as the Oregon-Washington Railway & Navigation Co. (O. W. R. & N.). See 26/26-26/28. Includes photographs with the following captions: "Tunnel on the O.R. & N." and "Chicago--Portland Special [at] Tunnel #2."
26/26 Oregon-Washington Railway & Navigation Co.--Steam trains at Columbia River, undated
26/27 Oregon-Washington Railway & Navigation Co.--Steam trains at Multnomah Falls, undated
26/28 Oregon-Washington Railway & Navigation Co.--Tunnels, undated
26/29 Spokane, Portland & Seattle Railway--Loading center, undated
26/30 Union Pacific Railroad--Albina shops (Portland, Or.), undated
Tractors
Box/Folder
27/1 Common Sense tractor , undated
27/2 Fordson, with Casey trailer, undated
27/3 Road building equipment--Buffalo Pitts Scarifier, undated
Trucks
Box/Folder
27/4 General views, undated
27/5 Animal control , undated
27/7 Atterbury fire truck , undated
27/8 "Automatic Woodsaws"--Italian Importing Co. (SE Portland, Or.), 1920
27/9 Bumper--Suspension , undated
27/10 Day Elder dump truck--Halstead and Co., undated
27/11 Denby dump trucks , undated
27/12 Dump truck , undated
27/13 Fageol--Coca Cola delivery truck, 1927
27/14 Fageol--Dump truck , undated
27/15 Farm--"The Sunday Ranch", undated
27/16 Federal--Dump truck , undated
27/17 Fire truck , undated
27/18 Ford--Model T--Kelly Springfield tires, undated
27/19 Indiana--Kelly Springfield tires, undated
27/20 International , 1920
27/21 International and White, undated
27/22 Jumbo, circa 1922.
27/23 Kelley Springfield--Modelingfield--Model Crane Six--Tires, undated
27/24 Kleiber, 1920
27/25 Lumber, 1923
27/26 Mack--Apple Advertisement, undated
27/27 Mack--Dump trucks , 1921
27/28 Mack--Logging , 1921-1923
27/29 Mack--Lumber , undated
27/30 Mack--Trucks, general , undated
Includes view of Armory building, Portland, Or.
27/31 Mack--Universal Body Corporation (Portland, Or.), undated
Advertising photographs
27/32 Mack--Winch , 1923
27/33 Master, 1920
27/34 Packard--Dump trucks , 1920
27/35 Packard--Truck with flatbed, 1923
27/36 Parker, undated
Includes view of the Multnomah County Library, Portland, Or.
27/37 Standard--Dump trucks , 1920
27/38 U.S. Oregon and California Railroad Classification, circa 1920
27/39 Velie--Dump truck , undated
27/40 Water trucks--Portland, Or., undated
Subseries 15: Nature, undated
9 items
This subseries contains copy photographs made from original Gifford negatives depicting various nature scenes, including images of deer, birds, and fish, among other subjects.
Box/Folder
28/1 Animals--Deer , undated
28/2 Birds, general, undated
28/3 Birds--Ducks, undated
28/4 Birds--Eagle, undated
28/5 Fish--In stream , undated
28/6 Fish--salmon, undated
28/7 Other, undated
Subseries 16: Copy photographs of work by other photographers, undated
29 items
Arranged alphabetically by photographer name.
This subseries contains copy photographs made from original negatives taken by Gifford Photography Studio of the work of other photographers.
Box/Folder
28/7 Allison, undated
Includes photographs of tractors.
28/8 Burns (Eau Claire, Wisc.) , undated
Includes photographic portraits.
28/9 Asahel Curtis, undated
Includes photographs of Mount Rainier and Paradise Inn.
28/10 Curr, undated
Includes photographs of Lake Chelan, Wash.
28/11 P. T. Daeney, undated
Includes landscape photographs.
28/12 T. Davis, undated
Includes photograph of Alaska.
28/13 Fesler, undated
Includes photograph of coyote in a trap, Harney County, Or.
28/14 Hildebrand, undated
Includes photograph of Guernsey cattle.
28/15 Jacobs, undated
Includes photograph of climbing expedition on Mount Rainier at Marmot Point.
28/16 L. D. Lindsley, undated
Includes photograph of moonlight on Lake Chelan, Wash.
28/17 Thwaites, undated
Includes photographs of Alaska.
28/18 George Weister, undated
28/21 Witzel, undated
Includes photograph of the Columbia River Highway and portrait of Sam Gorman.
28/22 Unidentified, undated

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Series B:  Original Benjamin A. Gifford prints, 1892-1923
Arranged into the following subseries: Subseries 1: Oregon (except Portland) locations); Subseries 2: Columbia River, Gorge, and Highway; Subseries 3: Portland, Or. locations; Subseries 4: Locations outside Oregon (including unidentified); Subseries 5: Portraits; Subseries 6: Transportation; and Subseries 7: Other subjects.

This series contains original (not copy) photographs taken while Benjamin A. Gifford worked as a solo photographer under his own imprint in Portland, Or. from 1890-1894 and 1910-circa 1916, as well as in The Dalles, Or. from 1897-1910. All of these photographs are marked with the imprints "Benj. A. Gifford" or "Gifford," though they may include photographs taken during his partnership in Gifford & Prentiss and reprinted by Ralph I. Gifford under Benjamin's own imprint after his retirement in 1919.

Container(s)
Description
Subseries 1: Oregon (except Portland) locations, 1892-1923
60 items
Arranged alphabetically by subject.
This subseries contains original photographs taken by Benjamin A. Gifford of various locations in Portland, including cities and towns, mountains, coastal scenes, and rivers and streams, from 1892-1923. Photographs that are dated between 1920-1923 were probably originally taken by Benjamin at an earlier date and reprinted by Ralph I. Gifford during that period.
Box/Folder
30/1 Cities and towns--Coos Bay, circa 1910-1916
30/2 Cities and towns--Coos County--Lakeside Hotel, undated
30/3 Cities and towns--Coos County--W.E. Chandler estate on South Coos River, circa 1917
30/4 Cities and towns--Coos County--F. E. Rogers ranch house on South Coos River, 1917
30/5 Cities and towns--Coos County--L. J. Simpson estate, "Shore Acres", circa 1917
30/6 Cities and towns--Fossil, circa 1904-1910
30/7 Cities and towns--Grants Pass, March 1911
30/8 Cities and towns--North Bend--Kruser & Banks shipbuilders, circa 1910-1916
30/9 Cities and towns--Silverton, undated
30/10, 33/1 Cities and towns--The Dalles, circa 1897-1910
30/11 Cities and towns--West Stayton, April 1911
See also 31/23 for photographs of irrigation work in West Stayton by the Willamette Valley Irrigated Land Co.
30/12 Mountains--Mt. Adams, 1910
30/13 Mountains--Mt. Hood--Views of, 1901, 1910
30/14 Mountains--Three Sisters, circa 1910-1916
30/15 Oregon coast--Neahkahnie Beach, 1909
30/16 Oregon coast--Neahkahnie Mountain, 1909
30/17 Oregon coast--Tillamook Beach, circa 1910-1916
30/18 Oregon coast--Unidentified location, 1910
30/19 Rivers and streams--Calapooia River (near Brownsville, Or.), undated
30/20 Rivers and streams--Clackamas River, undated
30/21 Rivers and streams--Rogue River, bridge over (near Medford, Or.), 1909
30/22 Rivers and streams--Siuslaw River (near Florence, Or.), circa 1910-1916
30/23 Rivers and streams--Willamette River--Willamette Falls, 1892
30/24 Tillamook State Forest, 1906
Subseries 2: Columbia River, Gorge, and Highway, 1898-circa 1920
62 items
Arranged alphabetically by subject.
This subseries contains original photographs taken by Benjamin A. Gifford of views of the Columbia River, the Columbia River Gorge, and the Columbia River Highway from 1898 until around the time of his retirement in 1920. Subjects include Celilo Falls, various rock formations and waterfalls, and views of the highway after it opened to the public in 1916.
Box/Folder
30/25 Columbia River--Bridges--Bridge of the Gods, 1902
Title of photograph: "North Abutment to Bridge of the Gods and Cascades of the Columbia." See also 30/26.
30/26 Columbia River--Cascades of the Columbia River, 1898
30/27 Columbia River--Celilo Falls, 1905, 1907, undated
30/28 Columbia River--Daggett's Point, 1899
30/29 Columbia River--Fish wheel at Cascade Locks, Or., 1899
30/30 Columbia River--Memaloose Island--Native American burial grounds, circa 1898-1900
30/31 Columbia River--Memaloose Island--View of Victor Trevitt monument, 1901
30/32 Columbia River--Middle Cascades, circa 1898-1901
30/32a Columbia River--Upper Cape Horn, undated
30/32b Columbia River--View, near The Dalles, Or., undated
Oversize file 1 Columbia River Gorge--Crown Point, circa 1890-1989
Hand-colored photograph.
30/33 Columbia River Gorge--Mitchell Point, 1899
30/33a Columbia River Gorge--Oneonta Gorge, circa 1899-1910
30/34 Columbia River Gorge--Oneonta Gorge, circa 1899-1910
30/35 Columbia River Gorge--Rock formations--Beacon Rock (also known as Castle Rock), 1901
30/36 Columbia River Gorge--Rock formations--Cape Horn, 1899, 1901
30/37 Columbia River Gorge--Rock formations--Pillars of Hercules, 1908
30/38 Columbia River Gorge--Views, circa 1910-1916
Includes damaged photograph of distant view of Crown Point and Vista House.
30/38a Columbia River Gorge--Waterfalls--Bridal Veil Falls, undated
30/39 Columbia River Gorge--Waterfalls--Horsetail Falls, 1902
30/40 Columbia River Gorge--Waterfalls--Latourell Falls, 1908
30/41 Columbia River Gorge--Waterfalls--Mist Falls, circa 1910-1916
30/42 Columbia River Gorge--Waterfalls--Multnomah Falls, 1902, undated
30/43 Columbia River Gorge--Wind Mountain, 1908
Taken from the deck of the steamer Bailey Gatzert.
30/44 Columbia River Highway--Bridges--Shepperds Dell Bridge, circa 1916-1920
30/45 Columbia River Highway--Cascade Divide, with view of fish wheel, circa 1916-1920
30/46 Columbia River Highway--Crown Point--Vista House, circa 1916-1920
30/47 Columbia River Highway--Lower, between Portland and Astoria, Or., undated
30/48 Columbia River Highway--Views, circa 1916-1920
Subseries 3: Portland, Or. locations, circa 1890-1923
7 items
Arranged alphabetically by subject.
This subseries contains original photographs taken by Benjamin A. Gifford of various businesse and streets in Portland, dating from circa 1890-1923, as well as views of the Forestry Building, which was initially built for the Lewis and Clark Centennial Exposition in 1905. Photographs that are dated between 1920-1923 were probably originally taken by Benjamin at an earlier date and reprinted by Ralph I. Gifford during that period.
Box/Folder
30/49 Businesses--Fields Chevrolet display room, 1923
30/50 Businesses--Portland Motor Co., 1920
30/50a Businesses--Tucker's All-State Auto Camp (Sandy Blvd. and 115th), circa 1910-1916
30/51 Lewis and Clark Centennial Exposition--Forestry Building, undated
30/52 Streets--SW Alder & 5th Streets, circa 1890-1893
30/53 Streets--Hillside Blvd. (now Leif Erickson Drive in Forest Park), circa 1910-1916
Subseries 4: Locations outside Oregon (including unidentfiied), circa 1901-1916
6 items
Arranged alphabetically by subject.
This subseries contains original photographs taken by Benjamin A. Gifford of views of Seattle, Wash. and other unidentified locations, some of which may have been taken in Oregon, 1910-circa 1916.
Box/Folder
30/53a Washington--Mt. Adams, circa 1901
30/54 Washington--Seattle--Ballard Building and Rockwood Hotel, 1910
30/55 Unidentified locations--Coast, undated
30/56 Unidentified locations--David L. Fralic Memorial Church, circa 1910-1916
30/57 Unidentified locations--Rivers and streams, undated
Subseries 5: Portraits, circa 1892-1913
11 items
Arranged alphabetically by subject.
This subseries contains original portrait photographs taken by Benjamin A. Gifford of children, groups, men, and women, circa 1892-1913.
Box/Folder
31/1 Children--Unidentified, circa 1892-1893
31/2 Groups--Samuel Linus Brooks and Anna Pentland Brooks, 1902 October
31/3 Groups--E. P. Roberts family, circa 1900-1910
31/4 Groups--Spokane, Portland & Seattle Railroad employee picnic, Stevenson, Wash., 1913
31/5 Men--Samuel Linus Brooks, circa 1902
31/6 Men--Ezra Meeker, circa 1906
31/7 Men--John Peterson, undated
John Peterson was a Columbia River Pilot.
31/8 Women--Anna Pentland Brooks, 1901
31/9 Women--Beatrice Helen Lincoln, undated
31/10 Women--Sarah A. Keightly Pope, circa 1892-1893
Subseries 6: Transportation, 1898-circa 1919
12 items
Arranged alphabetically by subject.
This subseries contains original photographs taken by Benjamin A. Gifford of various modes of transportation, mostly in Oregon. Subjects include automobiles; railroads, including photographs of the Oregon-Washington Railway & Navigation Co. and the Spokane, Portland, & Seattle Railway ticket office; steamboats on the Columbia River; and tractors, all taken 1898-circa 1919.
Box/Folder
31/11 Automobiles--King Roadster, circa 1919
31/12 Railroads--Coos Bay line, circa 1917
31/13 Railroads--Oregon-Washington Railway & Navigation Co.--Columbia River Gorge, undated
31/14 Railroads--Portland, Eugene & Eastern Railway, undated
31/15 Railroads--Spokane, Portland & Seattle Railway/The North Bank Road ticket office, 1911 November
31/16, 33/1 Steamboats--Bailey Gatzert, 1901- circa 1906
Includes hand-colored photograph.
31/17 Steamboats--Dalles City, 1902, undated
31/17a Steamboats--Hattie Belle, 1899
31/18 Steamboats--Inland Flyer at Cascade Locks, Or., 1898
31/18a Steamboats--Regulator, circa 1897-1902
31/19 Transportation--Tractors--Common Sense tractor, undated
Subseries 7: Other subjects, circa 1898-1918
25 items
Arranged alphabetically by subject.
This subseries contains original photographs taken by Benjamin A. Gifford of various subjects, such as agriculture in Oregon; portraits of Native Americans and Native American basketry work; fishing on the Columbia River; and the Warren Spruce Co.'s lumbering activities during World War I. The photographs were taken circa 1898-1918.
Box/Folder
31/20 Agriculture--Crops--Apples--Ben Davis apples and orchard, circa 1910
31/21 Agriculture--Crops--Grain--Harvesting, circa 1910-1916
31/22 Agriculture--Crops--Unidentified, Washington County, undated
31/23 Agriculture--Irrigation--Willamette Valley Irrigated Land Co. land, ditches, and roads, West Stayton, Or., April 1911
31/24 Agriculture--Livestock--Horses, undated
31/25 Agriculture--Livestock--Sheep--Herds, undated
31/26 Native Americans--Basketry, circa 1898-1909
Damaged mount on photograph.
31/27 Native Americans--Portraits--Woman and girl, unidentified, circa 1910-1916
31/28 Fishing and fisheries--Net fishing on the Columbia River, 1906
31/29 Lumber industry--Warren Spruce Co. (World War I division), circa 1914-1918

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Series C:  Original Gifford & Hale photographs, circa 1894-1897
9 items
Arranged alphabetically by subject.

This series contains original photographs taken by Benjamin A. Gifford and Herbert Hale during their partnership as Gifford & Hale in Portland, Or. circa 1894-1897. Subjects include views of the Columbia River and Columbia River Gorge; various views of the city of Portland, Or.; and one portrait photograph.

Container(s)
Description
Box/Folder
31/30 Columbia River--View, circa 1895-1897
31/31 Columbia River Gorge--Rock formations--Pillars of Hercules, circa 1894-1896
31/32 Columbia River Gorge--Rock formations--Rooster Rock, circa 1894-1896
31/33 Portland, Or.--View of city and Mt. Adams, circa 1895
31/34 Portland, Or.--View of city and Mt. Hood, circa 1894-1896
31/35 Portland, Or.--View of city and Mt. St. Helens, circa 1894-1896
31/36 Portraits--Children--Eva Patterson, circa 1895-1897

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Series D:  Original Gifford & Prentiss photographs, circa 1916-1919
Arranged into the following subseries: Subseries 1: Oregon (except Portland) locations; Columbia River and Highway; Subseries 3: Portland, Or. locations; Subseries 5: Agriculture; and Subseries 6: Other subjects.

This series contains original photographs taken by Benjamin A. Gifford and Arthur M. Prentiss during their partnership in Portland, Or. circa 1916-1919. Subjects include various cities in Oregon, including Portland; views of the Columbia River Gorge and the Columbia River Highway; agriculture, transportation, and the mining industry in Oregon; and portraits of Native Americans.

Container(s)
Description
Subseries 1: Oregon (except Portland) locations, circa 1916-1919
14 items
Arranged alphabetically by city name.
This subseries contains original photographs taken by Gifford & Hale of various views of cities in Oregon and includes some photographs of their industries.
Box/Folder
31/37 Astoria, circa 1916-1919
31/38 Bend, circa 1916-1919
31/39 Cannon Beach, circa 1916-1919
31/40 Pendleton--Pendleton Woolen Mills, circa 1916-1919
31/41 Seaside, circa 1916-1917
31/42 Unidentified locations, circa 1916-1919
31/43 Warrenton--Clay plant, circa 1916-1919
Subseries 2: Columbia River and Highway, circa 1916-1919
18 items
Arranged alphabetically by subject.
This subseries contains original photographs taken by Gifford & Prentiss of the dedication of the Interstate Bridge over the Columbia River in 1917 and of the Columbia River Highway, after it opened to the public in 1916. There are also views of the the dedication of Vista House on Crown Point in 1918.
Box/Folder
31/44 Columbia River--Bridges--Interstate Bridge, dedication of, 1917 February 14
31/45 Columbia River Highway--Crown Point, circa 1916-1919
31/46 Columbia River Highway--Crown Point--Vista House, circa 1916-1919
Includes photographs of the dedication of Vista House, 1918 May 5.
31/47 Columbia River Highway--Mitchell Point, circa 1916-1919
31/48 Columbia River Highway--Views, circa 1916-1919
Subseries 3: Portland, Or. locations, circa 1916-1919
3 items
Arranged alphabetically by subject.
Box/Folder
31/49 Buildings--Civic Auditorium (later Keller Auditorium), circa 1916-1919
31/50 Businesses--Union Meat Co. (with railroad cars), circa 1916-1919
31/51 Monuments--Sacajawea, circa 1916-1919
Subseries 4: Agriculture, circa 1916-1919
7 items
Arranged alphabetically by subject.
Box/Folder
31/52 Crops--Apples--Harvest, circa 1916-1919
31/53 Crops--Grain--Harvest, circa 1916-1919
31/54 Crops--Grain--Harvest--Equipment--Gas combine, Umatilla County, circa 1916-1919
31/55 Livestock--Cattle, circa 1916-1919
31/56 Livestock--Sheep--Herds, circa 1916-1919
Subseries 5: Other subjects, circa 1916-1919
7 items
Arranged alphabetically by subject.
Box/Folder
31/57 Activities--Recreation--Horseback riding, circa 1916-1919
31/58 Native Americans--Rev. Joseph Luxello at Pulpit Rock, The Dalles, Or., circa 1916-1919
31/59 Industry--Mining--Dredging on the Powder River near Sumpter, Or., circa 1916-1919
31/60 Transportation--Railroads--Crossings, circa 1916-1919
31/61 Transportation--Railroads--Oregon Electric sleeping car, circa 1916-1919
31/62 Transportation--Ships--Astoria, circa 1916-1919

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Series E:  Original Ralph I. Gifford photographs, circa 1920-1947
Arranged into the following subseries: Subseries 1: Oregon (except Portland) locations; Subseries 2: Columbia River, Gorge, and Highway; Subseries 3: Portland, Or. locations; and Subseries 4: Other subjects.

This series contains original photographs taken by Benjamin A. Gifford's son, Ralph I. Gifford, after Ralph took over Benjamin's business in 1920 and continuing through his work with the Oregon State Highway Commission until around the time of his death in 1947.

Container(s)
Description
Subseries 1: Oregon (except Portland) locations, circa 1923-1947
93 items
Arranged alphabetically by subject.
This subseries contains original photographs taken by Ralph I. Gifford from circa 1923-1947 of various places in Oregon, including state parks, cities and towns, coastal scenes, mountains, rivers and streams, and waterfalls. Some of these photographs were taken for the Oregon State Highway Commission.
Box/Folder
32/1 Alfred E. Loeb State Park, undated
32/1a Cities and towns--Government Camp, circa 1923-1926
Includes photo-postcards.
32/2 Cities and towns--Seufert Brothers Cannery, undated
32/3 Coast--Curry County--Harris Beach State Park, 1943
32/4 Coast--Lane County--Neptune State Park, 1943
32/5 Coast--Lincoln County--Whales Cove State Park, 1943
32/5a Lakes--Unidentified locations, undated
32/6 Mountains--Mt. Hood--Climbing expeditions, undated
32/7 Mountains--Mt. Hood--Crevasses, undated
32/8 Mountains--Mt. Hood--Flora, undated
32/9-32/13 Mountains--Mt. Hood--Views of, circa 1923-1926, undated
Includes one hand-colored photograph.
32/14 Mountains--Mt. Hood--Views from Mt. Hood Loop Highway, circa 1923-1926
32/15 Mountains--Mt. St. Helens, circa 1923-1926
32/16 Mountains--Unidentified views, circa 1923-1926
32/17 Rivers and streams--Eagle Creek near Bonneville, Or., circa 1936-1947
Taken for the Oregon State Highway Commission.
32/18 Waterfalls--Sahale Falls, circa 1923-1926
32/19 Waterfalls--Yocum Falls, circa 1923-1926
32/20 Waterfalls--Unidentified, undated
Subseries 2: Columbia River, Gorge, and Highway, circa 1922-1940
52 items
Arranged alphabetically by subject.
This subseries contains original photographs taken by Ralph I. Gifford circa 1922-1940 of views of the Columbia River, the Columbia River Gorge, and the Columbia River Highway. Some of these photographs may have been taken for the Oregon State Highway Commission.
Box/Folder
32/22 Columbia River--Celilo Falls, circa 1923-1940
32/23 Columbia River--Fish wheels, circa 1922
32/24 Columbia River--Views of, circa 1922-1926
32/25 Columbia River Gorge--Eagle Creek picnic grounds, undated
32/26 Columbia River Gorge--Oneonta Gorge, circa 1922-1926
32/27 Columbia River Gorge--Views of, circa 1922-1926
32/28 Columbia River Gorge--Waterfalls--Horsetail falls, circa 1923-1926
32/29 Columbia River Gorge--Waterfalls--Latourell Falls, circa 1923-1926
32/30 Columbia River Gorge--Waterfalls--Multnomah Creek falls, undated
32/31 Columbia River Gorge--Waterfalls--Multnomah Falls, circa 1922-1926
32/32 Columbia River Gorge--Waterfalls--Punch Bowl Falls, undated
32/33 Columbia River Gorge--Waterfalls--Shepperds Dell Falls, circa 1923-1926
32/34 Columbia River Gorge--Waterfalls--Wahkeena Falls, circa 1923-1926
32/35 Columbia River Gorge--Wind Mountain, undated
32/36 Columbia River Highway--Bridges--Shepperds Dell, circa 1923-1926
32/37 Columbia River Highway--Crown Point--Vista House, circa 1923-1926
32/38 Columbia River Highway--Inspiration Point, circa 1923-1926
32/39 Columbia River Highway--Mitchell Point, circa 1923-1926
32/40 Columbia River Highway--Tunnels--Mitchell Point, circa 1922, undated
32/41 Columbia River Highway--Tunnels--Oneonta Bluff, undated
32/42 Columbia River Highway--Views, circa 1922-1926
Subseries 3: Portland, Or. locations, circa 1923-1926, undated
3 items
Arranged alphabetically by subject.
Box/Folder
32/43 Portland Harbor, undated
32/44 Rose Gardens, circa 1923-1926
32/45 View of city and Mt. Hood, undated
Subseries 4: Other subjects, circa 1921-1935
5 items
Arranged alphabetically by subject.
Box/Folder
32/46 Agriculture--Crops--Grapes, near Grants Pass, or., circa 1921-1922
32/46a Native Americans--"Heinlein, gov't. agent, issuing blankets and tents to Paiute Indians", undated
Possibly originally taken by Benjamin A. Gifford and reprinted by Ralph I. Gifford.
32/47 Native Americans--Portraits--Men in native dress, undated
32/48 Transportation--Steamboats--Wrecks of the Telegraph, Myrtle, and Dora on the Coquille River, circa 1933-1935

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Series F:  Photomechanical reproductions, 1900-1912

This series contains postcards and other photomechanical prints of photographs taken by Benjamin A. Gifford from 1900-1912. Includes two published works and one "view book" of photogravures of Gifford's work.

Container(s)
Description
Box/Folder
32/49 Postcards, 1908, undated
6 items.
Box
Box 33 Art Work of The State of Oregon, photographed by Benjamin A. Gifford with text by William Reid, 1900
12 volumes
32/50 Snap Shots on the Columbia, photographed and published by Benjamin A. Gifford, 1902
2 copies
Box
Box 34 Art Work of Portland, Mt. Hood and the Columbia River, photographed by Benjamin A. Gifford with text by Eva Emery Dye, 1912
9 volumes

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Subjects

This collection is indexed under the following headings in the online catalog. Researchers desiring materials about related topics, persons, or places should search the catalog using these headings.

      • Geographical Names :
      • Columbia River Gorge (Or. and Wash.)--Photographs
      • Columbia River Highway (Or.)--Photographs
      • Columbia River--Photographs
      • Oregon--Photographs
      • Portland, Or.--Photographs
      • Subject Terms :
      • Agriculture--Oregon--Photographs
      • Automobiles--Oregon--Photographs
      • Fishing--Oregon--Photographs
      • Indians of North America--Oregon--Photographs
      • Lumber trade--Oregon--Photographs
      • Railroads--Oregon--Photographs
      • Transportation--Oregon--Photographs
      • World War, 1914-1918--Oregon--Photographs
        • Form or Genre Terms :
        • Glass negatives
        • Nitrate negatives
        • Photographic prints
        • Photogravures
        • Postcards
        • Other Creators :
        • Gifford, Ralph I., 1894-1947  ( photographer)
        • Gifford & Hale (Portland, Or.)  ( photographers)
        • Gifford & Prentiss (Portland, Or.)  ( photographers)

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