Guide to the Oliver Cromwell Applegate papers
1841-1938

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Overview of the Collection

Creator: Applegate, O. C. (Oliver Cromwell), 1845-1938
Title: Oliver Cromwell Applegate papers
Dates: 1841-1938 ( inclusive )
Quantity: 13.0 linear feet (27 containers)
Collection Number: Ax 005
Summary: Oliver Cromwell Applegate (1845-1938), the son of Lindsay and Elizabeth Applegate (Applegate Trail pioneers), spent his career working with Oregon Indians. He was a subagent with the Indian Service at Yainax, and during the Modoc War he served as an interpreter and a scout. In 1873, he became a U.S. Commissioner, and in 1898 was appointed Klamath Indian Agent. After his resignation in 1905 he continued to work with the federal government on Indian issues such as the Grande Ronde tribal status challenge. The Oliver Cromwell Applegate papers consist mainly of Applegate family correspondence, with some miscellaneous bills, newspaper clippings, pension papers, documents, journals and the 1868 diary of Frank Applegate.
Repository: Special Collections and University Archives, University of Oregon Libraries

1299 University of Oregon
Eugene, Oregon, 97403-1299
(541) 346-3068
spcarref@uoregon.edu

Languages: Collection materials are in English. 
Sponsor: Funding for encoding this finding aid was provided through a grant awarded by the National Endowment for the Humanities.

Historical Note

Oliver Cromwell Applegate was born in Oregon in 1845 to Lindsay and Elizabeth Applegate. He began his career in 1865 by assisting his father, who was subagent of the Indian agency at Ft. Klamath. During the winter months young Applegate taught in Ashland. In 1867 the governor of Oregon asked Applegate, who had become a captain in the Oregon Volunteer Militia, to lead a new militia of Indians, the “Axe and Rifle Company,” to protect wagon trains and build a road to the Warm Springs Reservation. He became subagent at Yainax in 1871, where he remained until the outbreak of the Modoc War. During the Modoc War he served as a scout and an interpreter, and served on the Peace Commission that was proposed by his father.

After the Modoc War Applegate left the Indian Service and returned to ranching. In 1873, he became a U.S. Commissioner with local jurisdiction over crimes committed against federal law. In 1898 Applegate was appointed Klamath Indian Agent, and although he resigned in 1905, he continued to work with the federal government on Indian issues such as the Grande Ronde tribal status challenge. During this time he also established a real estate business. In his later years he was recognized as a pioneer figure, and was often consulted by historians and writers of western fiction. Applegate died in Oregon in 1938.

Content Description

The Oliver Cromwell Applegate papers consist mainly of correspondence, with some miscellaneous bills, newspaper clippings, pension papers, documents and diaries.

The Correspondence is housed in Boxes 1–16. It is largely with various members of the ubiquitous Applegate clan, and is filled with local references, social and political. During the Modoc War Applegate carried on both official and unofficial correspondence. Major correspondents include: Lindsay Applegate, Elisha Applegate, Lucien B. Applegate, Robert S. Applegate, Sallie Applegate, Samuel E. May, Amos Rogers, Ivan D. Applegate, Samuel A. Clarke, Alfred B. Meacham, Jesse Applegate, Frances Fuller Victor, Seth R. Hammer, Binger Hermann, Eva Emery Dye, Will G. Steel, Davis Moses. A minor diary of Frank Applegate, 1868, is with the papers.

Bills and Receipts are stored in the Folder 1 of Box 17.

Miscellaneous Papers are filed in Box 17, Folders 2–7.

Diaries and Journals, including a diary of Frank Applegate, are housed in Folders 8 and 9 of Box 17, and Folders 1–4 of Box 18.

Newspaper Clippings relating to Oregon, the Applegate family and Applegate genealogy are stored in Folders 5–8 of Box 18.

The Pension Papers section includes correspondence and Senate bills as well as the cases of individual persons. It is housed in Boxes 19–23.

Subject Files, housed in Boxes 24–26, contain an assortment of documents relating to Cromwell’s activities, including the Commercial Club and the Grand Army of the Republic (G.A.R.), and papers relating to Indian matters (such as the Indian Census), the Klamath Agency and the Modoc War.

The photographs series contains a few images of portrais.

Use of the Collection

Restrictions on Access :  

Collection is open to the public.

Collection must be used in Special Collections & University Archives Reading Room.

Restrictions on Use :  

Property rights reside with Special Collections & University Archives, University of Oregon Libraries. Copyright resides with the creators of the documents or their heirs. All requests for permission to publish collection materials must be submitted to Special Collections & University Archives. The reader must also obtain permission of the copyright holder.

Archival may contain materials with sensitive or confidential information that is protected under federal and/or state right to privacy laws and other regulations.

Researchers are advised that the disclosure of certain information pertaining to identifiable living individuals represented in this collection without the consent of those individuals may have legal ramifications (e.g. a cause of action for invasion of privacy may arise if facts concerning an individual's private life are published that would be deemed highly offensive to a reasonable person) for which the University of Oregon assumes no responsibility.

If a researcher finds sensitive personal information in a collection, please bring it to the attention of the reading room staff.

Preferred Citation :  

[Identification of item], Oliver Cromwell Applegate papers, Ax 005, Special Collections & University Archives, University of Oregon Libraries, Eugene, Oregon 974031299.

Administrative Information

Arrangement :

Collection is organized into the following series:

  • Correspondence
  • Bills and Receipts
  • Miscellaneous Papers
  • Diaries and Journals
  • Newspaper Clippings
  • Pension Papers
  • Subject Files
  • Photographs

Separated Materials :  

Photographs in this collection are stored separately under call number PH188.

Acquisition Information :  

Gift of Oliver Cromwell Applegate, Jr. in 1961.

Processing Note :  

Collection processed by staff.

This finding aid may be updated periodically to account for new acquisitions to the collection and/or revisions in arrangement and description.


Detailed Description of the Collection

Inventory
Container(s)
box
folder
1 1

^ Return to Top

Series I:  Correspondence
Container(s)
Description
Dates
Letters Received, General
Box
Folder
1 2 1842-1853
1 3 1854-1859
1 4 1860
Box
Folder
1 4 Robert S. Applegate (Yoncalla, Or.) to Ivan D. Applegate (Ashland Mills, Or.)
1.0 letter
Asks for renewal of friendship, and mutual correspondence. Gives news of wife and child.
January 10, 1860
1 4 Alex M. Applegate (Yoncalla, Or.) to Elisha L. Applegate (Ashland Mills, Or.)
1.0 letter
Gives family news, and complains of dull times. Assures Elisha he will not get married except to a sensible girl, and will castrate himself before marrying any other. Hopes to travel some time, and see the settled states. Expects to build this summer on his preemption claim.
February 1, 1860
1 4 Theresa Applegate (Yoncalla, Or.) to [Ivan D. Applegate?]
1.0 letter
Sends greetings on Christmas stationery. Reports mother mending slowly.
February 9, 1860
1 4 Alex M. Applegate (Yoncalla, Or.) to Ivan D. Applegate
1.0 letter
Sends some papers and a magazine to read. Reports Theresa and his mother much improved in health. Gives farm news. [Letter of Lindsay Applegate to Elisha L. Applegate added: Refers to chances of raising money to pay mortgage, and possibility of getting Anderson to buy half of the wagon road].
February 9, 1860
1 4 Ann M. Applegate (Yoncalla, Or.) to [Ivan D. Applegate]
1.0 letter
Regrets she has not written before. Hopes to go to school this summer before coming to [Ashland Mills?]. Gives directions for using sour yeast.
March 7, 1860
1 4 Theresa Applegate (Yoncalla, Or.) to Elisha L. Applegate
1.0 letter
Comments on Elisha’s “Bachelor’s Song,” “Republican Song,” and “Extension of Slavery.” Gives advice of baking bread. Reports Rozelle has another baby.
March 7, 1860
1 4 Francis M. Applegate (Yoncalla, Or.) to Ivan D. Applegate
1.0 letter
Describes father's troubles with a breachy bull. [Note by O.C. Applegate appended: Reports on lambing, gives totals for herd. Is not sure when the family will move].
March 19, 1860
1 4 Theresa Applegate (Yoncalla, Or.) to Elisha L. Applegate
1.0 letter
Reports Lindsay and Lucien have left for [Ashland] and describes remarkable return of the dog, Carlo. Gives news of farm.
March 28, 1860
1 4 Elisha L. Applegate (Siskiyou Mountain, Or.) to Theresa Applegate [Yoncalla, Or.]
1.0 letter
Reports arrival of father and brother, and safe arrival of eggs. Says Paton Harris is along with cargo of bacon. [Notes added by Lucien B. and Ivan D. Applegate. States that Lindsay has made arrangements with Bob Smith to take wool to Salem and get cloth for it as per samples at Uncle Jesse’s].
March 30, 1860
1 4 Oliver C. Applegate (Yoncalla, Or.) to Lucien B. Applegate [Siskiyou Mt.]
1.0 letter
Has news of Lucien’s trip from Peyton Harris. Remarks on the dog, Carlo’s return from Roseburg. Reports on health, weather, school, cattle, hogs and turkeys, with details. [Note by Theresa added: remarks on Sunday school].
April 9, 1860
1 4 Oliver C. Applegate (Yoncalla, Or.) to Lucien B. Applegate [Ashland Mills, Or.]
1.0 letter
Reports Elisha Applegate and other delegates from southern Oregon passing through on way to Democratic convention at Eugene. Remarks on death of horse, and gives other farm news.
April 17, 1860
1 4 Oliver C. Applegate (Yoncalla, Or.) to Ivan D. and Lucien B. Applegate (Toll House, Or.)
1.0 letter
Reports Elisha Applegate still at Eugene, and probably getting ready to stump the state, staying at the Press office. Gives detailed description of sheep shearing. Reports his progress in school.
May 2, 1860
1 4 Jesse A. Applegate (Yoncalla, Or.) to Ivan D. Applegate (Toll House, Or.)
1.0 letter
Asks Ivan to stop at Roseburg on way to Yoncalla and see Mr. Flint, bookseller, about set of Kent’s Commentaries, also to stop at Burnetts’, and ask Mary for his ring, “as I want it to remember her by.”
June 21, 1860
1 4 Ivan D. Applegate (Yoncalla, Or.) to Elisha L. and Lucien B. Applegate
1.0 letter
Describes route from Ashland to Yoncalla. Reports Lindsay Applegate has rented farm to John T. Miller. Is working out road tax. Will be ready to move soon.
July 5, 1860
1 4 Reed and Bergen (Jacksonville, Or.) to William H. Rockafellow
1.0 letter
At the request of judge Tolman, informs Rockafellow of certain legal aspects of the Siskiyou Wagon Road.
July 14, 1860
1 4 Lindsay Applegate (Siskiyou Mt., Or.) to John T. Miller (Yoncalla, Or.)
1.0 letter
Reports arrival after 12 days travel. Asks Miller to save grass seed.
August 3, 1860
1 4 Leonard T. Hilldebrand (Jamestown, Mo.) to John T. Miller (Yoncalla, Or.)
1.0 letter
Has letter of July 2. Comments on raids on bushwhackers and rebels. Says local companies are being formed for defense. Asks why Miller is not yet married.
August 25, 1860
1 4 Oliver C. Applegate (Siskiyou Mt., Or.) to John T. Miller (Yoncalla, Or.)
1.0 letter
Transmits advice on farm matters from Lindsay Applegate. Notes added by Ivan and Lucien Applegate; advice on how to kill eagles.
September 16, 1860
1 4 Irene Applegate to Theresa Applegate
1.0 letter
September 19, 1860
1 4 John A. Millard (Santiam, Or.) to Lindsay Applegate (Siskiyou, Or.)
1.0 letter
Reports election of two senators by legislature yesterday. Expects Douglas men and Republicans will have jollification, and defeated aspirants have long faces. Says Delazon will have to spend time making a living and will not have much time for his paper this winter. Hears Mr. Reed of Jackson left an unpaid wash bill, among others at Salem. Hears Jesse Applegate was in Salem yesterday.
October 3, 1860
1 4 Robert S. Applegate (Yoncalla, Or.) to Ivan D. Applegate (Siskiyou Mt., Or.)
1.0 letter
Acknowledges receipt of letter. Assumes John T. Miller will keep Ivan informed about the girls. Comments on low prices and poor hunting. Regrets lack of amusements other than preaching and politics. Refers to election of Baker over Logan.
October 7, 1860
1 4 Jesse Applegate (Yoncalla, Or.) to Lindsay Applegate
1.0 letter
Reports daily mail started on coast fork, leaving out his neighborhood. Hopes that if road is put into good staging order, the route will run past his place. Says Ambrose and some others will not help work on road and, to scare them, he has threatened to put road through Bill Wilson’s along the old route. Asks to go through Lindsay’s land if necessary.
October 11, 1860
1 4 Elisha L. Applegate (Eugene City, Or.) to Ivan D. Applegate [Siskiyou Mt., Or.]
1.0 letter
Doubts money can be raised around Eugene. Expects to stay in Eugene and edit the Press. Believes Pengra will return from Washington with plenty of money. Withdrew claims for job of surveyor-general to keep from coming in contact with Jesse Applegate. Tells of speech in Portland and Salem, and compares audience with that of Delazon Smith.
[October 15, 1860]
1 4 Jane Applegate to Ann
1.0 letter
Includes note from Irene Applegate to Ann.
October 21, 1860
1 4 Lucien B. Applegate (Siskiyou Mt., Or.) to John T. Miller [Yoncalla, Or.]
1.0 letter
Refers to discrepancy in number of sheep mentioned in Miller’s last letter. Hears Lincoln beat both Douglas and Breckinridge in California. Has word by Pony Express that Lincoln is carrying every free state. Cannot move the hogs to Siskiyou, there being no mast. Says Lindsay Applegate gives Miller permission to sell his share of the hogs.
November 19, 1860
1 4 Irene Applegate to Theresa Applegate
1.0 letter
November 20, 1860
1 4 D. W. Applegate (Yoncalla, Or.) to Oliver C. Applegate (Siskiyou Mt., Or.)
1.0 letter
Comments on political excitement, and cheers for Lincoln. Wonders about relative size of deer in Yoncalla and Siskiyou area. Says no school at present, the school master having moved to Eugene, but that Gallaher is setting up a school house between Jim and Putnam’s.
November 20, 1860
1 4 Elisha L. Applegate (Salem, Or.) to Lucien B. Applegate [Siskiyou Mt., Or.]
1.0 letter
Expects to make speech at Salem on December 5. Explains date as the one for meeting of electors to arrange the offices of the state. Is sure of being named surveyor-general, but is thinking about running for Congress. Remarks on child named after Lucien.
November 29, 1860
1 4 Lucien B. Applegate (Siskiyou, Or.) to John T. Miller [Yoncalla, Or.]
1.0 letter
Agrees that Applegate might have been wrong about the number of sheep. Reports Lindsay Applegate may be able to send a hog buyer to the Umpqua, and suggests Miller gather the hogs and feed them. Says the stage company intends running sleighs over the mountain this winter.
December 9, 1860
1 4 Samuel A. Clarke (Salem, Or.) to Elisha Applegate [Eugene City, Or.]
1.0 letter
[Addressed to “Mr. Editor.”] Comments on election of Lincoln, and possible secession of North Carolina. Doubts that lack of cotton would affect Oregon’s prosperity. Says Salem will beat out Eugene in seat-of-government issue, and suggests Eugene erect monument to Joseph Lane to be placed on Eugene’s “one horse butte.”
December 20, 1860
1 5 1861
Box
Folder
1 5 Elisha L. Applegate (Eugene City, Or.) to Mrs. Lindsay Applegate [Siskiyou, Or.]
1.0 letter
Has been ill, and ascribes illness to overwork during the canvass. Reports People's Press suspending publication tomorrow. Doubts he will get any money from the paper. Asks for fifty dollars.
January 3, 1861
1 5 Lindsay Applegate (Ashland Mills, Or.) to John T. Miller [Yoncalla, Or.]
1.0 letter
Has conditionally sold the hogs to a Mr. Foster, at 4 cents gross for all sorts. Asks Miller to gather hogs and fatten them on wheat. Instructs Miller about posted cows, and sale of horse.
January 12, 1861
1 5 Elisha L. Applegate (Roseburg, Or.) to Ivan D. Applegate [Siskiyou, Or.]
1.0 letter
Is on his way home, feeling well, and in receipt of the fifty dollars requested.
February 3, 1861
1 5 Lindsay Applegate (Siskiyou Mt., Or.) to John T. Miller [Yoncalla, Or.]
1.0 letter
Has Miller's letter of February 13, and regrets its dismal tone and contents. Is glad the matter of the hogs is settled. Asks Miller to deliver 100 wethers to John Applegate of the South Umpqua. Enquires how much wheat he has.
February 13, 1861
1 5 Jesse Applegate (Yoncalla, Or.) to Lindsay Applegate [Ashland Mills, Or.]
1.0 letter
Has decided, as last resort, to try making a living by raising sheep. Asks whether Lindsay wants to sell his flock.
February 27, 1861
1 5 James W. Nesmith (Washington, D.C.) to Harvey Gordon [Salem, Or.]
1.0 letter
Believes union has dissolved beyond hope, and that war will follow very soon. Urges that Oregon stay in the Union, in all events. Expects Joseph Lane to return to Oregon in an attempt to establish a “Pacific Republic.” Refers to Lane-Johnson debates in Congress.
March 9, 1861
1 5 Irene Applegate to Theresa Applegate
1.0 letter
March 10, 1861
1 5 Elisha L. Applegate (Ashland Mills, Or.) to William Ballow
1.0 letter
Regrets he could not accept Mr. Ballow’s invitation, not being in Eugene. Sends newspaper clippings regarding Lincoln’s inaugural from the Pony Express of March 17. Declares himself for the Union “to the last gasp.”
March 17?, 1861
1 5 Albert Applegate (Umpqua, Or.) to Oliver C. Applegate
1.0 letter
Reports great mortality among sheep last winter. Believes grain will be scarce, and beef and mutton prices up. Says the “Squire of Yoncalla” is buying up mutton to sell to the mines. Asks for letters.
March 21, 1861
1 5 Lucien B. Applegate (Ashland Mills, Or.) to John T. Miller [Yoncalla, Or.]
1.0 letter
Comments on Miller’s last letter, and on weather. Remarks on deer hunting. Says Foster, the hog merchant passed through yesterday. Comments on the extra work that rain makes necessary on the road. Will be down in time to shear the sheep.
March 25, 1861
1 5 Elisha L. Applegate (Ashland Mills, Or.) to Charles Applegate
1.0 letter
Sends clipping of Lincoln’s inaugural address. Says Lane has made strong disunion speech, Butterfield mail route has been discontinued, disunionists feel inaugural is declaration of war. Says Bates echoes Lincoln’s sentiments.
March 26, 1861
1 5 Isabel Jennings (Eugene City, Or.) to Elisha L. Applegate [Ashland?, Or.]
1.0 letter
Regrets her last letter, and says it was written in a temper. Reports Pengra has news from Washington that Col. Baker is sulking, and has not been in Washington since Pengra left. Says Chapman has received documents, and set hands to work. Gives local news. Says most of the young people have left Eugene. Asks when he might return.
July 4, 1861
1 5 Flora [Jennings?] (New Durham, Ind.) to Isabel Jennings [Eugene City, Or.]
1.0 letter
Gives news of mutual friends. Comments on war excitement in Indiana.
July 12, 1861
1 5 O.C. Applegate (Ashland Mills, Or.) to Harriet Applegate [Yoncalla, Or.]
1.0 letter
Has pleasant memories of Yoncalla. Describes size of local wildcat. Says he enjoyed 4th of July celebration. Gives detailed description of several bear hunts.
July 20, 1861
1 5 William Carey Johnson (Oregon City, Or.) to Elisha L. Applegate (Ashland, Or.)
1.0 letter
Is pleased Applegate’s efforts for the Union have been successful, and wishes him well in new position.
August 12, 1861
1 5 O.C. Applegate (Ashland Mills, Or.) to Harriet Applegate [Yoncalla, Or.]
1.0 letter
Describes ambush by Indians of Joe Bailey of Lane county, and Evans of Umpqua, with their drove of cattle, near Pit river, rescue party from Ft. Crook under Lt. Pfuger, and raising of Volunteers, joined by Lindsay and Ivan, to convoy emigrant party through hostile Indian country.
August 16, 1861
1 5 William H. Rector (Portland, Or.) to Lindsay Applegate [Jackson County, Or.]
1.0 letter
In view of trouble with southern Oregon Indians, appoints Lindsay special Indian agent in southern Oregon, and especially the Klamath Lake and Modoc tribes, appointment to be for six months, until Indian Affairs office can determine necessity of establishing an agency in Klamath country. Instructs Lindsay as to duties.
August 17, 1861
1 5 Rogue River Volunteers
1.0 letter
List of 41 names--Rogue River volunteers to meet emigrants in 1861, under Capt. Lindsay Applegate.
August 19, 1861
1 5 Elisha L. Applegate (Eugene City, Or.) to "The Family" [Ashland, Or.]
1.0 letter
Asks for details of the Volunteer company formed to protect emigrants on southern route. Asks for information on the Toll Road, and life at the toll house. Is staying at the Henderson’s. Is taking a petition to Salem from Jackson county people for the reservation at Klamath Lake. Complains that the streets of Eugene are “dust and dog fennel.” Refers to Union-Secessionist row at Long Tom, and says the Union men are arming for defense.
August 24, 1861
1 5 Lindsay Applegate (Ashland Mills, Or.) to [William H. Rector] [Salem, Or.]
1.0 letter
Accepts appointment as special Indian agent. Has visited Klamath and Modoc Indians, and advised them against joining Pit River Indians for war against whites. Believes establishment of agency among Klamaths will prevent general outbreak.
September 1, 1861
1 5 Elisha L. Applegate (Eugene City, Or.) to Lucien B. Applegate [Ashland, Or.]
1.0 letter
Gives general news; reports Pengra and Stratton families going to mountains. Reports James Miller passed through Eugene with load of wool, and describes Miller’s return with cloth and the visit with the family.
September 2, 1861
1 5 Harriet Applegate (Yoncalla, Or.) to Oliver C. Applegate [Ashland, Or.]
1.0 letter
Reports camp meeting of United Bretheren, and conversion of “Old Don,” and others, also remarkable effect of conversion on the swearing habits of Old Don. Gives account of family illnesses. Comments on political uproar, with secret meeting of Union men at Underwood’s today. Describes hanging flag half mast at news of death of Gen. Lyons, and the children cutting the word “disunion” out of their spelling books. Complains of boils.
September 3, 1861
1 5 William H. Rector (Portland, Or.) to ?
1.0 letter
September 3, 1861
1 5 Elisha L. Applegate (Eugene City, Or.) to Ivan D. Applegate [Ashland, Or.]
1.0 letter
Comments on Ivan’s brief letter about the expedition, and asks for full particulars. Will send Lindsay outline map of the region for filling in. Still has petition for establishment of reservation in Klamath country, and will send it to Washington with appropriate map being made. Gives sample of geographic notes wanted.
September 7, 1861
1 5 Lindsay Applegate (Ashland Mills, Or.) to William H. Rector (Salem, Or.)
1.0 letter
Reports Indians living on island in Rogue river near Table Rock. Transmits their reasons for leaving Yamhill reservation. Urges they be kept away from Jacksonville, and all contact with whites. Believes that treaties will be observed only when a show of force accompanies them.
September 7, 1861
1 5 Byron J. Pengra (Eugene City, Or.) to Lindsay Applegate
1.0 letter
Sends rough sketch of country from Jacksonville to Goose Lake. Asks Applegate to insert information of interest to the establishment of an Indian agency east of the Cascades, near the California border. Expects to urge such action on Col. Baker. Offers his influence to have Applegate appointed resident agent of any agency that might be established.
September 9, 1861
1 5 Elisha L. Applegate (Eugene City, Or.) to "The Family" [Ashland, Or.]
1.0 letter
Complains of sleeping alone last night, only the second time since his marriage. Refers to great celebration in Eugene the night of the 11th, after the California election. Sends letter from Isabel to Theresa.
September 13, 1861
1 5 William H. Rector (Portland, Or.) to Lindsay Applegate
1.0 letter
Comments on increased travel of miners through Klamath Lake country, and asks Applegate’s opinion regarding best way to protect miners from Indians, and Indians from miners.
September 13, 1861
1 5 William H. Rector (Portland, Or.) to Lindsay Applegate [Ashland, Or.]
1.0 letter
Has appointed his son son, B.F. Rector, agent to collect Indians in the Rogue River country and return them to Grand Ronde reservation. Assures Applegate that the agent at Grand Ronde will now treat Indians well. Asks for any further information or reports to be made.
September 20, 1861
1 5 B. F. Rector (Gassburg, Jackson County, Or.) to Lindsay Applegate [Ashland, Or.]
1.0 letter
Announces his arrival to take Indians back to reservation. Has broken up encampment near Table Rock, and transmits request of Indians to see Applegate before they return.
October 3, 1861
1 5 Elisha L. Applegate (Eugene City, Or.) to Ivan D. Applegate [Ashland, Or.]
1.0 letter
Feels inclined to write second letter today. Asks for detailed description of house. Asks whether any apple wagons have gone to Yreka this fall. Reports hard times in Eugene. Believes it will be possible to pick up much Oregon property for little money soon. Is certain Lindsay will get agency at Klamath, and lists family assets, amounting to $50,600.00 after four years. Admits his plans may not materialize, but sees no harm in speculating. Advises Ivan to think seriously of getting married, there being an increasing shortage of girls, and a number of recent runaway marriages in Eugene. Has spoken to Kate Henderson about and in behalf of Ivan, and reports she thinks they are both too young. Suggests Judge Stratton’s daughter, if Ivan prefers an heiress. Has seen J.W.P. Huntington on his way through Eugene with wool. Has heard from Jesse, who is coming with sheep. [Letter finished on October 10.]
October 8, 1861
1 5 Elisha L. Applegate (Eugene City, Or.) to Ivan D. Applegate [Ashland, Or.]
1.0 letter
Acknowledges Ivan’s letter of September 27. Describes his financial condition, and prospects. Commends his wife as a thrifty housekeeper, and describes living with his in-laws, Mr. And Mrs. Jennings. Describes Mr. Jennings as very regular in his habits, even to the point of having a regular time for going to the back house. Describes his own routines, and ambitions for Congress.
October [8], 1861
1 5 William H. Rector (Portland, Or.) to Lindsay Applegate [Ashland, Or.]
1.0 letter
Acknowledges letter of November 1 concerning Indian affairs. Has letter from Indian department in Washington pointing out that appointment of special agents is against the spirit of the law, and requesting dismissal of Applegate. Has refused to comply with the recommendation, and sent further information to Washington, including recommendation that agency be established in southern Oregon. Has money in office for payment of Applegate’s salary on voucher.
November 9, 1861
1 5 Robert S. Applegate (Yoncalla, Or.) to Ivan D. Applegate (Ashland Mills, Or.)
1.0 letter
Remarks on rain, snow, and shortage of grass. Reports theft of about a hundred sheep. Says money is to be made in sheep, but nothing else. Comments on effect of Freemont’s removal on attitude on Yoncalla people. Gives family news.
November 28, 1861
1 6 1862
Box
Folder
1 6 Elisha L. Applegate (Eugene City, Or.) to "The Family" [Ashland, Or.]
1.0 letter
Reports on health and weather. Says the Salmon mines fever has taken hold on many in Eugene. Describes flood in town. Supposes the family had rough winter in the mountains. Describes New Year reunion at home of Grandfather Parsons, Mrs. Jennings’s father. Asks for more letters, and whether Mrs. Lindsay Applegate gets Christian Advocate. Says Shaw has started Republican paper in Eugene.
January 6, 1862
1 6 E. S. Morgan [Ryan, Morgan & Co.] (Jacksonville, Or.) to Lindsay Applegate [Ashland, Or.]
1.0 letter
Would be pleased to have Applegate trade with his concern.
January 9, 1862
1 6 Jesse Applegate to Susan Putnam
1.0 letter
January 9, 1862
1 6 James C. Tolman (Sulphur Springs, Or.) to Lindsay Applegate [Ashland Mills, Or.]
1.0 letter
Learns from Indian at Gassburg that there is trouble brewing between Indians and whites. Suggests Applegate look into the matter.
February 17, 1862
1 6 William H. Rector (Portland, Or.) to Lindsay Applegate (Ashland, Or.)
1.0 letter
Reminds Applegate that term of appointment as special Indian agent is this day expired, and send blank vouchers for salary. Will reappoint Applegate if permission is granted.
February 17, 1862
1 6 - (Bethel, Or.) to Ivan D. Applegate [Ashland, Or.]
1.0 letter
Complains of no letter from Ivan or Elisha. Gives extracts from diary of January, with particular remarks on the weather. Tells of losses of sheep because of heavy snowstorm. Describes method, fatal, used by Malakiah Johnson to cure sheep of fits. Believes prices will rise because of the storm, and demands caused by Salmon mines. Lists various people who have gone or wish to go to the mines. Believes gold fever to be mainly humbug.
March 3, 1862
1 6 A. F. Randle [and others] (Phoenix, Or.) to Lindsay Applegate [Ashland, Or.]
1.0 letter
Complains of Indians near his place, and of Indian dogs killing sheep. Asks Applegate to see he is paid for loss of sheep. Complains of other annoyances by Indians. Asks Applegate to come and remove Indians. [Signed by Randle and eight others].
March 17, 1862
1 6 Harriet Applegate (Yoncalla, Or.) to Ivan D. Applegate [Ashland, Or.]
1.0 letter
Complains of late spring, and heavy snows. Says Charlie Putnam has lost so many cattle he thinks of going to the mines. Tells of sheep losses, and to her relatives going to the mines. Gives account of the young ladies of the region, and of two dances. Tells of George Cannon getting drunk. Says all the boys are in love with Sarah Johnson. [4th page has patriotic watercolor, “Union and Liberty.”]
March 17, 1862
1 6 Harriet Applegate (Yoncalla, Or.) to Oliver C. Applegate [Ashland, Or.]
1.0 letter
Complains of weather. Describes Christmas party and games, and a masquerade. [Illustrated with small figures, and p.[4] a watercolor titled “The Fight between Spring and Winter,” and “Ho! The Mines.”]
March 17, 1862
1 6 Thomas McF. Patton (Portland, Or.) to Lindsay Applegate [Ashland, Or.]
1.0 letter
Acknowledges receipt of vouchers, and has deposited 500 dollars to his account, to be forwarded by Tracy & Co.
March 17, 1862
1 6 Elisha L. Applegate (Eugene City, Or.) to Isabel Applegate
1.0 letter
Reports “Uncle Dickey Henderson” is the candidate for Congress, thus shutting Pearne for Senate, since two preachers cannot go at once for Congress and Senate. Says nomination of Pittock takes wind out of Williams. Has high hopes of Senate himself.
April 2, 1862
1 6 Oliver C. Applegate (Siskiyou, Or.) to Albert Applegate (Yoncalla, Or.)
1.0 letter
Is pleased to begin correspondence with Albert, and proposes they observe certain rules. Reports on hunting, and the event of the winter, particularly the snowstorm. Reports the toll road in fair condition, but needing repair. Says travel to mines has begun. Tells of great cattle losses because of severe winter.
April 18, 1862
1 6 Samuel E. May (Jacksonville, Or.) to Lindsay Applegate (Ashland, Or.)
1.0 letter
Reports J.H. Reed [?] has left for San Francisco to lay before Gen. Wright the matter referred to in Applegate’s letter of April 22.
April 23, 1862
1 6 Samuel E. May (Jacksonville, Or.) to Lindsay Applegate (Ashland, Or.)
1.0 letter
Will give immediate attention to Applegate’s letter of the 22nd, and would have done so sooner except for confining illness.
April 24, 1862
1 6 Samuel E. May (Jacksonville, Or.) to Lindsay Applegate (Ashland, Or.)
1.0 letter
Suggests friends of the Union strike deathblow to secession in southern Oregon by buying out the Gazette office, which is for sale.
April 29, 1862
1 6 Oliver C. Applegate (Siskiyou, Or.) to Harriet Applegate [Yoncalla, Or.]
1.0 letter
Is pleased to report spring has come. Tells of deer and bear, and excursion to Soda Spring. Has been working on the road, and keeping daily journal. Describes plight of Salmon-bound miners at Klamath lakes. Comments on marriages. Has been supplying J.W.P. Huntington with flower seeds of the Siskiyou region in exchange for others. Hopes election day will pass favorably. Sketches establishment in the Siskiyou Mt.
May 25, 1862
1 6 Thomas H. Pearne (Portland, Or.) to Lindsay Applegate (Ashland Mills, Or.)
1.0 letter
Congratulates Lindsay on victory of Union party in Oregon. Hopes victory will be made complete by preventing A. B. [Asahel Bush?] or any of his men from being elected to the U.S. Senate. Asks how the electors from Jacksonville stand. Suggests a Republican be elected to fill vacancy left by Col. Baker.
June 9, 1862
1 6 Elisha L. Applegate (Eugene City, Or.) to Mrs. Lindsay Applegate (Ashland, Or.)
1.0 letter
Believes his child has just recovered from measles. Describes the infant. Has decided on name Jessie, but is undecided about rest of the name. Describes visit from the Goodells.
June 21, 1862
1 6 Elisha L. Applegate (Eugene City, Or.) to Lindsay Applegate [Ashland, Or.]
1.0 letter
Believes he has chance for Senate; is backed by Pengra, and asks Lindsay for exact statement of his age. Asks Lindsay to find out Orange Jacobs’ opinion of the matter, and how the members of the legislature react.
June 21, 1862
1 6 Elisha L. Applegate (Eugene City, Or.) to Lindsay Applegate [Ashland, Or.]
1.0 letter
Believes “old Reame” would sell his soul to be named to the Senate. Fears Uncle Jesse will influence some men against him, and believes Jesse would do anything to defeat him. Comments on Jesse’s stubborn will.
July 3, 1862
1 6 Jonathan [P. B. Miller] (Yoncalla, Or.) to Oliver C. Applegate
1.0 letter
Reports death of Harriet Applegate.
July 4, 1862
1 6 Edward S. Morgan (Phoenix, Or.) to Lindsay Applegate [Ashland, Or.]
1.0 letter
Asks for Lindsay’s signature on his official bond as county treasurer. Will secure signatures of Judge Rice, Wagoner, and Kilgore, as well.
July 9, 1862
1 6 Elisha L. Applegate (Eugene City, Or.) to Ivan D. Applegate [Ashland, Or.]
1.0 letter
Asks Ivan to find certificate from the register of his preemption. Wants copy of his soda oration. Has money overdue from Washington. Comments on political situation, and his chances of election.
July 18, 1862
1 6 Levi A. Rice (Jacksonville, Or.) to Lindsay Applegate [Ashland, Or.]
1.0 letter
Sends a few lines from Nesmith for Lindsay to see. Expects to see Lindsay on way to Salem. Comments on political combination, and asks Lindsay to intervene.
August 19, 1862
1 6 Lindsay Applegate (Salem, Or.) to "The Family" (Ashland, Or.)
1.0 letter
Believes Elisha's chances for election are good.
September 5, 1862
1 6 Edward S. Morgan (Phoenix, Or.) to Lindsay Applegate (Toll House, Or.)
1.0 letter
Sends invoice. Is sure Bush controls Oregon politics, and thinks southern Oregon should unite to make itself felt.
September 30, 1862
1 6 Edward S. Morgan (Phoenix, Or.) to Lindsay Applegate [Toll House, Or.]
1.0 letter
Has Lindsay’s letter of the 6th. Hopes goods sent will be satisfactory.
October 8, 1862
1 6 Byron J. Pengra (Eugene City, Or.) to [Lindsay Applegate] (Yoncalla, Or.)
1.0 letter
Asks him to use influence with McBride and Hovey to have them vote for bill now pending locating agricultural college in Eugene. Gives reasons for such location.
October 12, 1862
1 6 Matthew P. Deady (Portland, Or.) to Elisha L. Applegate
1.0 letter
Sends copy of letter he has written to a friend in southern Oregon who objects to appointment of Applegate because of age, inexperience, and politics. Hopes it may be of interest to Applegate.
October 30, 1862
1 6 C. S. Drew (Jacksonville, Or.) to Lindsay Applegate [Ashland, Or.]
1.0 letter
Asks for statement of distance from mouth of Applegate Pass to Fort Crook, and to intermediate point of any note. Also wants names of killed and wounded in Capt. Bailey’s party, 1861.
November 18, 1862
1 6 Byron J. Pengra (Eugene City, Or.) to Elisha L. Applegate
1.0 letter
Notes appointment of C. A. Reed as adjutant-general, and hears from Stratton that Bush has determined to keep control of the Statesman. Fears Bush will strike out at all the union men, and at Applegate and Pengra particularly. Urges that they keep careful tab on state union committee.
November 18, 1862
1 6 Addison C. Gibbs to Elisha L. Applegate
1.0 letter
Acknowledges his letter of November 12. Regrets that “certain powers” would not let Applegate take charge of the Statesman. Says he has appointed C. A. Reed adjutant general. Hopes he will get some independent companies formed in his division, and asks whom does he want for colonels, and other appointments.
November 28, 1862
1 6 Lindsay Applegate (Ashland Mills, Or.) to Jesse Applegate [Yoncalla, Or.]
1.0 letter
Acknowledges Jesse’s letter of December 1, and instructs Charley to hold on to the money until further instructions.
December 5, 1862
1 6 Benjamin F. Harding (Washington City, D.C.) to Elisha L. Applegate
1.0 letter
Has taken place in the Senate, and describes his feelings. Has met Lincoln, Stanton, Blair and Seward. Quotes from Seward’s conversation, relating politics being ended during the war. Finds Rector’s standing in Indian department low, and will make no move to help it. Finds Dryer in poor repute. Has started Klamath Lake Indian business.
December 8, 1862
1 6 John Kelly (Roseburg, Or.) to Elisha L. Applegate
1.0 letter
Asks Applegate to surrender certificate of location at the land office, and will then promptly forward patent. Asks what Applegate thinks of Bush and the Statesman now.
December 11, 1862
1 6 Byron J. Pengra (Eugene City, Or.) to Elisha L. Applegate
1.0 letter
Has been asked by Interior Department to provide detailed information about the mineral and geological resources of Oregon. Asks Applegate’s cooperation. Says the State Republican has been “sold out.” Says Bush’s course is condemned by all except Stratton, who fears Bush more than God.
December 13, 1862
1 7 January 1863-June 1863
Box
Folder
1 7 Benjamin F. Harding (Washington City, D.C.) to Lindsay Applegate (Ashland Mills, Or.)
1.0 letter
Sends copy of bill which he has managed to get passed by the Senate. Has hopes it will be passed by the House, and promises Applegate appointment as agent if bill becomes law.
January 20, 1863
1 7 Theresa Applegate (Toll House, Or.) to Mrs. Lindsay Applegate (Ashland Mills, Or.)
1.0 letter
Asks mother to get Oliver to write her. Wonders how long mother will have to be away. Describes snow. Says Lucien is not feeling well. Asks for knitting yarn.
January 21, 1863
1 7 Henry Applegate (Yoncalla, Or.) to [Ivan D. Applegate?]
1.0 letter
Would like to hear from Ivan [?] before leaving for the mines. Suggests Ivan [?] read “The Ventures and Adventures of the Webfoot Party in the Northern Wilderness,” for account of his expedition north. Has been hunting, and breaking horses.
January 27, 1863
1 7 John P. B. Miller (Yoncalla, Or.) to Oliver C. Applegate
1.0 letter
Would like to correspond with Oliver, and suggests how they go about it properly.
February 4, 1863
1 7 Henry Cummings (Salem, Or.) to Elisha L. Applegate (Jacksonville, Or.)
1.0 letter
Has been in the Yamhill country teaching, and studying law. Describes State Teachers Institute at Portland. Is interested in some sort of paying clerkship, enough to enable him to finish study of the law. Suggests job with J.W.P. Huntington.
February 17, 1863
1 7 Levi A. Rice (Jacksonville, Or.) to Lindsay Applegate (Ashland, Or.)
1.0 letter
Offers his farm for sale for ten thousand in greenbacks. Remarks on possibility of an agency at the lake soon.
March 7, 1863
1 7 C. J. Dorris (Little Shasta, Calif.) to Ivan D. Applegate (Ashland, Or.)
1.0 letter
Cannot pay debt to Ivan at present, and hopes to be able to pay later.
March 11, 1863
1 7 Elisha L. Applegate (Toll House, Or.) to Lindsay Applegate [Ashland, Or.?]
1.0 letter
Has talked over expedition with Judge Tolman, who has the necessary papers. Will go to Gassburg to see Sam Culver, and get copy of survey plat from Myers. Suggests Lucien or Oliver be sent up the mountain, because the snow is going fast.
March 17, 1863
1 7 John Kelly (Roseburg, Or.) to Elisha L. Applegate (Ashland, Or.)
1.0 letter
Says his uncle Charles wants certificate issued for donation land claim he has purchased. Asks him to file necessary oath of allegiance. Sends a blank.
March 19, 1863
1 7 Samuel Clover (Phoenix, Or.) to Lindsay Applegate [Ashland, Or.?]
1.0 letter
Has letter of the 18th with suggested program and time of departure for Klamath Lake. Suggests, in view of weather, delaying departure a week.
March 20, 1863
1 7 Elisha L. Applegate (Ashland, Or.) to John T. Miller (Yoncalla, Or.)
1.0 letter
Believes the idea of the people of Yoncalla regarding the procurement of the state agricultural college is a good one, and suggests the trustees of Yoncalla Institute tender resolution to the commissioners to that end. Believes only Eugene, with Columbia College can make better case. Says James Miller can act in his stead in the case. Adds legal statement giving commissioners of Yoncalla institute power to act on behalf of Lindsay and Elisha L.
April 11, 1863
1 7 Addison C. Gibbs (Salem, Or.) to Elisha L. Applegate [Ashland, Or.]
1.0 letter
Asks whether Ivan Applegate would like to try for commission in the Oregon Cavalry. Suggests Ivan read a copy of army regulations before being examined by board.
April 14, 1863
1 7 John P. B. Miller (Yoncalla, Or.) to Oliver C. Applegate
1.0 letter
Is interested in seeing constitution of a society reported in Oliver’s last letter. Regrets that such things as singing schools, spelling schools, etc., are discouraged around Yoncalla, as “Sparking Schools.” Compares school under Crawford and Harman, two teachers. Complains of his physical condition.
April 15, 1863
1 7 Robert S. Applegate (Yoncalla, Or.) to Ivan D. Applegate
1.0 letter
Complains of the life of a sheep herd, and describes his wars against various varmints. Speculates on the value of a woman around the house. Tells the story of Rev. Stratton and his adultery. Describes trip home from the mines.
April 30, 1863
1 7 Cyrus A. Reed (Salem, Or.) to Elisha L. Applegate [Ashland, Or.]
1.0 letter
Sends copies of the militia law of Oregon, and will send necessary blanks. Wishes Applegate success in raising brigade.
May 4, 1863
1 7 John Kelly (Roseburg, Or.) to Elisha L. Applegate [Ashland, Or.]
1.0 letter
Agrees that a militia is long overdue in Applegate’s district. Suggests useful geographical subdivisions, so as to make three regimental districts out of the territory comprising Applegate’s’ brigades. Lists reliable officer material. Would like staff position if hostilities should break out.
May 8, 1863
1 7 Thomas Applegate (Yoncalla, Or.) to Oliver C. Applegate [Ashland, Or.]
1.0 letter
Regrets inability to write letters. Comments on Oliver’s physical and mental growth. Remarks on Ivan’s ability as recruiter. Would like to hear from Oliver.
May 9, 1863
1 7 Addison C. Gibbs (Salem, Or.) to Elisha L. Applegate
1.0 letter
Has appointed James Kilgore, Col., and W. W. Fowler Lt. Col., as per Applegate’s wishes. Asks whom he wants for major. Suggests a man from Douglas County. Reports Alvord will furnish arms either to Salem or Crescent City.
May 10, 1863
1 7 Lucien Applegate (Siskiyou Mt., Or.) to Oliver C. Applegate
1.0 letter
Has copy of Volunteer cavalry tactics.
June 10, 1863
1 7 Rene? (Yoncalla, Or.) to Theresa Applegate
1.0 letter
June 10, 1863
1 7 John P. B. Miller (Yoncalla, Or.) to Oliver C. Applegate
1.0 letter
Thanks Oliver for letter, and congratulates him on joining militia company. Describes delights of spring. Regrets bad school situation, with Isabel Wade, assistant, leaving, and Herman, the teacher, probably leaving. Describes district school fights. Tells story of “Old Don,” and the Indian who ferried Old Don down the Umpqua, the fight, and lawsuit which followed.
June 21, 1863
1 7 Robert S. Applegate (Yoncalla, Or.) to Ivan D. Applegate (Ashland Mills, Or.)
1.0 letter
Teases Ivan about the militia. Says only one man from around Yoncalla talks of going to war. Has heard from the boys at the Elk City mines. Reports Stratton tried, and found not guilty of adultery. Tells of slight Indian scare. Lists sheep and wool prices.
June 29, 1863
1 7 William Hoffman (Jacksonville, Or.) to Ivan D. Applegate
1.0 letter
Acknowledges receipt of official list of members of Co. A, 1st Regt., 1st Brigade, Oregon Militia.
June 29, 1863
2 1 July 1863-December 1863
Box
Folder
2 1 Irene Applegate (Yoncalla, Or.) to Theresa Applegate (Ashland Mills, Or.)
1.0 letter
July 29, 1863
2 1 Edward S. Morgan (Jacksonville, Or.) to Lindsay Applegate
1.0 letter
Reports Squire Steele of Yreka in town, and wishes to bring Steele up to talk with Applegate and Tolman.
July 30, 1863
2 1 Lucien B. Applegate (Siskiyou Mt., Or.) to John P. B. Miller [Yoncalla, Or.]
1.0 letter
Reports he and Frank all alone at Siskiyou, Elisha having left for Salem for meeting of military officers. Describes military exercises of his own company, and says the group has had quieting effect on secessionists. Comments on fashionable outings at Soda Springs. [Letter finished August 9: Understands family will be down at Ashland this summer.
August 5, 1863
2 1 Joseph H. Rogers (Roseburg, Or.) to Lindsay Applegate [Ashland, Or.]
1.0 letter
Refers to article in T’Vault’s paper censuring union men and praising Col. Drew, and suggests concerted complaint be made to Gen. Wright. Sees near end of Rebellion, but believes the U.S. will have to intervene in Mexico, and “attend” to Great Britain. Explains why J.W. Drew was appointed one of three men charged with carrying out conscription act in Oregon. Assures Lindsay of position as Indian agent if agency is established in southern Oregon.
August 7, 1863
2 1 Isabel Applegate (Ashland, Or.) to Elisha L. Applegate [Salem, Or.?]
1.0 letter
Asks for news from her mother. Reports baby Ann better, and believes they might come down before threshing is done.
August 8, 1863
2 1 Lucien and Frank Applegate (Toll House, Or.) to Ivan D. and Oliver C. Applegate [Ashland, Or.]
1.0 letter
Complains of not receiving letter. Says they breakfasted on vinegar and blue bread, and that Frank is out looking for a patch on manna. Reports the “National Circus” passed thru, one of its six-horse teams running away. [Written by Lucien.]
August 11, 1863
2 1 Lucien and Frank Applegate (Siskiyou Mt., Or.) to Ivan D. and Oliver C. Applegate [Ashland, Or.]
1.0 letter
Acknowledges receipt of supplies.
August 12, 1863
2 1 Samuel E. May (Salem, Or.) to Lindsay Applegate (Ashland, Or.)
1.0 letter
On application of Elisha Applegate, sends Lindsay certain state documents.
August 13, 1863
2 1 John P. B. Miller (Yoncalla, Or.) to Oliver C. Applegate [Ashland, Or.]
1.0 letter
Reports no 4th of July celebration at Yoncalla, and says no district school has been established, there being three make-believe schools.
August 15, 1863
2 1 Amos E. Rogers (Jacksonville, Or.) to J. W. P. Huntington (Salem, Or.)
1.0 letter
Sends confidential letter to supplement official report of August 1. Points out sympathy between Col. Drew and Gen. Wright. Lists Copperhead friends, and disloyal actions of Drew, Drew’s uncooperative attitude toward the Indian department, and Drew’s poor location for the proposed southern Oregon fort. Has no objections to letting Bush see this letter.
August 19, 1863
2 1 Lucien B. Applegate (Douglas County, Or.) to [Oliver C. and Frank Applegate] [Ashland, Or.]
1.0 letter
Describes road south through the Grave Creek and Cow Creek hills, with camp at Wolf Creek. Reports road being worked on, but in bad shape. [Ends letter at Canyonville, evening of August 21.]
August 21, 1863
2 1 Oliver C. Applegate (Toll House, Or.) to Lucien B. Applegate (Yoncalla, Or.)
1.0 letter
Has Lucien’s letter from Canyonville, and reports all well at Toll House. Hears railroad company is at Cole’s mountain house. P.3 and 4 are letters dated August 21, addressed to Elizabeth, Theresa, Anne and Lucien, describing trip to Toll Gate through Jacksonville and Ashland.
August 25, 1863
2 1 Elisha L. Applegate (Eugene City, Or.) to Lucien B. Applegate [Yoncalla, Or.]
1.0 letter
Has decided not to go to Salem, and hopes to leave for Yoncalla first of next week.
August 30, 1863
2 1 Elisha L. Applegate (Eugene City, Or.) to Ivan D. Applegate [Toll House, Or.]
1.0 letter
Will start back about first of next week, and may bring Jesse A. with him. Reports on prospects of getting arms from the state.
August 30, 1863
2 1 Lucien B. Applegate (Yoncalla, Or.) to Oliver C. and Ivan D. Applegate [Toll House, Or.]
1.0 letter
Has heard from Lindsay via letter to Theresa. Reports half the population of the valley going to Salem with wool, and to see the Fair. Reports Jesse A. will be at sitting of the Supreme Court for admittance to the bar. Says Elisha consulted with provost marshal in Salem about the draft. Discusses problem of arms and uniforms.
September 3, 1863
2 1 Lindsay Applegate (Ashland Mills, Or.) to Theresa Applegate [Yoncalla, Or.]
1.0 letter
Regrets Theresa and her mother are still not well. Has no advice about waiting for Jesse A. to return from Salem.
September 8, 1863
2 1 Amos E. Rogers (Jacksonville, Or.) to J. W. P. Huntington [Salem, Or.]
1.0 letter
Believes Gov. Gibbs is interested in transferring Drew from work on the fort. Asks for official request for sketch of work done.
September 17, 1863
2 1 Lucien B. Applegate (Yoncalla, Or.) to Lindsay Applegate (Ashland Mills, Or.)
1.0 letter
Has just returned from escorting the family toward Ashland as far as south end of the canon. Will wait for Jesse A. to return from Salem.
September 18, 1863
2 1 Robert S. Applegate (Yoncalla, Or.) to Ivan D. Applegate (Ashland Mills, Or.)
1.0 letter
Thanks Ivan for grizzly bear claws.
September 19, 1863
2 1 Daniel W. Applegate (Yoncalla, Or.) to Lucien B. Applegate
1.0 letter
Has letters from Nesmith and McBride to the effect that there is no vacancy to West Point from Oregon. Finds he is over age for the Naval Academy.
September 27, 1863
2 1 Addison C. Gibbs (San Francisco, Calif.) to Elisha L. Applegate
1.0 letter
Has sixty cavalry sabers for Ivan’s company, to be shipped to Crescent City.
October 26, 1863
2 1 Oliver C. Applegate (Ashland, Or.) to Lucien B. Applegate
1.0 letter
Acknowledges letter. Is teaching school.
November 5, 1863
2 1 Amos E. Rogers (Jacksonville, Or.) to J. W. P. Huntington [Salem, Or.]
1.0 letter
States that hanging of Indian George was determined before George’s arrest. Accuses Col. Drew, J.S. Glenn, F.F. McManus, J.D. Day, and Col. T’Vault of planning the affair at a turkey and campaign dinner. Hints at Copperhead plot in southern Oregon. Asks for interview.
December 9, 1863
2 1 Irene Applegate (Yoncalla, Or.) to Ivan D. Applegate
1.0 letter
Gives family news. Has met Alex’s wife for the first time since their marriage. Hopes John Miller enjoys himself in the mountains. Reports scarlet fever epidemic. [Letter completed by Albert Applegate: Says he is chosen as the editor of the Students Gem at Wilbur, and asks for contribution of articles.]
December 11, 1863
2 1 Robert S. Applegate (Yoncalla, Or.) to Ivan D. Applegate [Ashland, Or.]
1.0 letter
Apologizes for his former letter in which he offended Lucien. Has not been on friendly terms with his neighbor because of a dog shooting incident. Suggest large Christmas party in the offing. Regrets Ivan is quarreling with Gertrude.
December 21, 1863
2 2 1864
2 3 January 1865-June 1865
2 4 July 1865-December 1865
2 5 January 1866-May 1866
2 6 June 1866-December 1866
2 7 January 1867-July 1867
2 8 August 1863-December 1863
3 1 1868
3 2 January 1869-May 1869
3 3 June 1869-July 1869
3 4 August 1869
3 5 September 1869-October 1869
3 6 November 1869-December 1869
3 7 January 1870-February 1870
4 1 March 1870-April 1870
4 2 May 1870-October 1870
4 3 1871
4 4 January 1872-July 1872
4 5 August 1872-December 1872
4 6 January 1873
4 7 February 1873
5 1 March 1873-April 1873
5 2 May 1873-August 1873
5 3 September 1873-December 1873
5 4 1874
5 5 1875
5 6 January 1876-May 1876
5 7 June 1876-December 1876
5 8 1877
6 1 1878
6 2 1879-1881
6 3 1882
6 4 1883-1887
6 5 1888-1889
6 6 1890-1892
6 7 1893-1894
6 8 1895-1896
7 1 1897-1899
7 2 1900-1902
7 3 1905
7 4 1905
7 5 January 1906April 1906
7 6 May 1906
7 7 June 1906
7 8 July 1906December 1906
8 1 January 1907May 1907
8 2 June 1907December 1907
8 3 1908
8 4 1909
8 5 January 1910May 1910
8 6 June 1910December 1910
8 7 1911
8 8 1912
8 9 1913-1914
9 1 1915-1916
9 2 1917
9 3 1918-1919
9 4 1920-1921
9 5 1922
9 6 1923
9 7 January 1924-August 1924
10 1 September 1924-December 1924
10 2 1925
10 3 January 1926-May 1926
10 4 June 1926-August 1926
10 5 September 1926-December 1926
10 6 January 1927-June 1927
10 7 July 1927-December 1927
11 1 1928
11 2 1929
11 3 January 1930-June 1930
11 4 July 1930-December 1930
11 5 January 1931-May 1931
11 6 June 1931-December 1931
11 7 January 1932-June 1932
12 1 July 1932-December 1932
12 2 January 1933-June 1933
12 3 July 1933-December 1933
12 4 January 1934-June 1934
12 5 July 1934-December 1934
12 6 1935
12 7 1936
13 1 1937-1938
Letters Received, Family
Box
Folder
13 2 Alford, Mrs. M.S. (Rachel Applegate) 1882-1937
13 3 Applegate, Frank L. 19091938
Applegate, Jean
Box
Folder
13 4 1920-1925
13 5 1926-1931
13 5 1926-1931
13 6 1932-1938
Applegate, Leroy
Box
Folder
13 7 19081917
13 8 1918-1924
14 1 1925-1926
14 2 1928-1930
14 3 1931
14 4 1932
14 5 1933-1938
Applegate, O.C., Jr.
Box
Folder
14 6 19061920
14 7 1921-1929
14 8 1930-1938
Halferty, Mrs. Z. T. (Annie Applegate)
Box
Folder
15 1 19071926
15 2 1927-1933
Sargent, Mrs. H.H. (Alice Applegate)
Box
Folder
15 3 1882-1899
15 4 1900-1912
15 5 1913-1917
15 6 1918-1925
15 7 1926-1933
15 8 Letters received, undated
16 1 Letters received, undated
16 2 Letters received, undated
16 3 Letters received, unidentified
Letters sent
Box
Folder
16 4 19101911
16 5 1912
16 6 1913-1916

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Series II:  Bills and Receipts
Container(s)
Description
Dates
Box
Folder
17 1 1841-1905 1929

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Series III:  Miscellaneous papers
Container(s)
Description
Box
Folder
17 2 Miscellaneous papers
17 3 Miscellaneous papers
17 4 Miscellaneous papers
17 5 Miscellaneous papers
17 6 Miscellaneous papers
17 7 Miscellaneous papers

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Series IV:  Diaries and Journals
Container(s)
Description
Dates
Applegate, O.C.
Box
Folder
17 8 1865-1866
17 9 1867
18 1 1868 1871
18 2 1871-1874
Box
Folder
18 3 Applegate, Frank 1868
18 4 Whitemore, Samuel 1866-1868

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Series V:  Newspaper Clippings
Container(s)
Description
Box
Folder
18 5 Applegate, O.C.
18 6 Applegate family/Klamath Falls
18 7 Oregon
18 8 Genealogy (Applegate family)

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Series VI:  Pension papers
Container(s)
Description
Dates
General correspondence
Box
Folder
19 1 19121920
19 2 1921-1926
19 3 1927-1935
19 4 Senate bills
Cases/Persons
Arranged in alphabetical order by last name.
Box
Folder
19 5 Applegate, O. C.
19 6 Arant, William F. (Emma L. Arrant) 1925-1926
19 7 Arant, William F. (Emma L. Arrant) 1927-1931
20 1 Balch, Edward T. (Margaret Balch)
20 2 Ben John (Nancy Ben-John)
20 3 Brown, Charley (Kate Brown)
20 4 Brown, Harrison
20 5 Checaskane, Walter (Cinda Checaskane)
20 6 Chiloquin, Moses (Mary Chiloquin)
20 7 Cholah, Peter [Jola]
20 8 Clarno, Henry L.
20 9 Collins, Zachariah T.
20 10 Colver, Lewellyn (Jemima Colver Rose)
20 11 Combs, Elias Pierce
20 12 Coppedge, Claud D.
20 13 Copperfield, Jim [Little Jim]
20 14 Corbell, John M.(Minnie E. Corbell)
20 15 Denny, George A.
20 16 Dollarhide, John W.
20 17 Dufur, Edmund
20 18 Fredericks, Joseph
20 19 Frick, Adolphus C.
20 20 Fulkerson, John F.
20 21 Hall, Abner
20 22 Harder, Alvin
20 23 Hatton, Kate
21 1 Hemenway, Stacy (Angeline D. Hemenway)
21 2 Histo [Toplast]
21 3 Holcomb, James N.
21 4 Jack, Frank [Link River Jack] (Miller Jack)
21 5 Jackson, Albert [Hochas]
21 6 Jackson, Drew (Lucy Jackson)
21 7 John, Frank (Birdie John)
21 8 Kilgore, Edward (Jessie L. Kilgore)
21 9 Konoki, Reuben [Reuben Walker]
21 10 Koppos, John (Adeline Koppos)
21 11 Lalakes, Solomon
21 12 Law, Alfred
21 13 Lelu, Leon [Chief Lalo] (Greta Lelu)
21 14 Captain Wama Louie [Blind Louie]
21 15 Low, Charles C.
21 16 Marks, Gustave
21 17 Maxwell, A. W.
21 18 McConville, Edmund (Viola C. McConville)
22 1 McCoy, James H.
22 2 McKay, William C. (Leila C. McKay)
22 3 Mitchell, Hilry A. (Martha J. Mitchell)
22 4 Modoc Charley [Charley Faithfull] (Emily Modoc Charley)
22 5 Mosenkasket, Dick Brown
22 6 Moss, Churchill
22 7 Newman, William H.
22 8 Oatman, Burtis F. (Elizabeth A. Oatman)
22 9 Pepino, Antoine
22 10 Popumkus, David (Betsy Popumkus)
22 11 Reames, Evan R.
22 12 Rice Elie (Emma W. Rice)
22 13 Shook, Isaac N.
22 14 Shook, John S.
22 15 Shook, William H.
22 16 Shore, James (Julia Shore)
22 17 Siemens, J.W. (Cinda Siemens)
22 18 Simons, Jessie L.
22 19 Skellock, Thomas
22 20 Smiley, John [Linkriver John] (Kate Smiley)
22 21 Snyder, Frank
22 22 Snyder, John H.
22 23 Sweet, Erasmus D.
23 1 Swingle, Frank S.
23 2 Ta-hum (Mary Ann Ta-hum)
23 3 Taylor, Jay E. (Louisa Taylor)
23 4 Thatcher, Hobart M.
23 5 Thompson, William B.
23 6 Van Riper, Garret B.
23 7 Van Riper, Garret B.
23 8 Van Riper, Garret B.
23 9 Walker, Jesse D.
23 10 Whistler, John (Jane [or Ursula] Whistler)
23 11 Wilson, Simpson
23 12 Woods, Ernest L.
23 13 Yahooskin John [John Hooseskin] (Nancy Yahooskin John)

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Series VII:  Subject Files
Container(s)
Description
Dates
Box
Folder
24 1 Applegate, O.C., personal
24 2 Commercial Club
24 3 Grand Army of the Republic (G.A.R.)
24 4 Historical / geographical subjects
24 5 Indian census
24 6 Indian miscellaneous
24 7 Indian miscellaneous
25 1 Klamath Agency
25 2 Klamath Falls / Klamath County
25 3 Klamath Indian Reservation
25 4 Land Use Survey 19101913
25 5 Land Use Survey 1914-1933
25 6 Mining
26 1 Modoc War
26 2 Modoc War
26 3 Political
26 4 Railroad
26 5 Reference letters (personal, written by O.C. Applegate)
26 6 Yainax Indian School
mapfolder
1 Newspapers

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Photographs (PH188)
Container(s)
Description
Dates
Box
1 PH188_01: O.C. Applegate
1.0 photographic print
4.5 x 2.75 inches
March 20, 1924
PH188_02: unititled
1.0 photographic print
9.5 x 7.5 inches
undated
PH188_03: With Compliments Capt. O.C. Applegate March 6th 1924
1.0 photographic print
9 x 6 inches
March 6, 1924

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Subjects

  • Personal Names :
  • Applegate, Elisha
  • Applegate, Frank G. (Frank Guy), 1882-1931
  • Applegate, Ivan D.
  • Applegate, Jesse A. (Jesse Applegate), 1835-1919
  • Applegate, Lindsay
  • Applegate, Lucien B.
  • Applegate, Oliver Cromwell, 1845-1938--Archives
  • Applegate, Robert S.
  • Applegate, Sallie
  • Clarke, S. A. (Samuel Asahel), 1827-1909
  • Dye, Eva Emery, 1855-1947
  • Hammer, Seth R.
  • Hermann, Binger, 1843-1926
  • May, Samuel E.
  • Meacham, A. B. (Alfred Benjamin), 1826-1882
  • Moses, Davis
  • Rogers, Amos
  • Steel, William Gladstone
  • Family Names :
  • Applegate family
  • Geographical Names :
  • Oregon--History--Sources
  • Subject Terms :
  • Frontier and pioneer life--Oregon
  • Indians of North America--Oregon--Government relations
  • Pioneers--Oregon
    • Form or Genre Terms :
    • Photographs

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