Guide to the Clarence Strong Papers

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Overview of the Collection

Creator: Strong, Clarence, 1895-1982
Title: Clarence Strong Papers
Dates: 1917-1975 ( inclusive )
Quantity: 4.0 linear feet
Collection Number: Mss 105
Summary: Clarence Strong was a Forest Service ranger in Missoula, Montana. His service for the USFS culminated in his appointment as an Assistant Regional Forester in Region One. Materials in the collection touch on topics such as timber sale areas, expenses and wildlife issues.
Repository: University of Montana, Mansfield Library, Archives and Special Collections
Contact Information: Archives and Special Collections
Maureen and Mike Mansfield Library
University of Montana
32 Campus Dr. #9936
Missoula, MT
Telephone: 406-243-2053
Fax: 406-243-4067
Languages: Materials are in English 
Sponsor: Funding for creating this finding aid was provided through a grant awarded by the National Historic Publications and Records Commission. Funding for encoding this finding aid was provided through a grant awarded by the National Endowment for the Humanities.

Biographical Note

Clarence Charles Strong was born September 7, 1895, in Arago, Oregon. A veteran of World War I, he graduated from what is now Oregon State University in 1924 with a degree in forestry. He worked for ten years in blister rust control in the Coeur d'Alene, Idaho area before accepting a position with the United States Forest Service in 1924. His service for the USFS culminated in his appointment as an Assistant Regional Forester in Region One, Missoula, Montana, and a special mission to Afghanistan as an advisor to the Ministry of Agriculture. He retired from the Forest Service in 1957.

After retiring, Strong was called upon by state governments to advise in land zoning concerns. He remained an active member of the Society of American Foresters, the American Forestry Association and the Forest History Society. In 1970 Strong published his only book, White Pine: King of Many Waters, about the history of the lumber industry in the Coeur d'Alene Mountains of Idaho and Montana.

Strong was well known and liked in the Forest Service and the timber industry and was characterized by co-workers and family as a man of integrity and character. Strong also possessed a deep interest in history and compiled valuable interviews, notes and research sources for the purpose of preservation. His many interviews were a result of his desire to capture the history of pioneering forestry in Montana before those who lived it passed on. Strong married Marie Tonseth in 1925 and raised two children, Marilyn Jeanne Strong and Richard Allen Strong. He spent his free time fishing, traveling, rose gardening and in the WW I Veterans Barracks 835 of Missoula. Clarence Strong died in 1982 in Missoula at the age of 87.

Content Description

The Clarence Strong papers are a resource for learning of the daily operations of a U.S. Forest Service employee through Strong's diaries. They also touch on topics such as timber sale areas, expenses and wildlife issues.

A valuable portion of the Strong Papers are a collection of research notes, notes from personal interviews and an in-depth topical card index. Each of these items is the result of Strong's dedication to the documentation and preservation of the history of the timber industry in Montana and North Idaho. Though the dates listed on the collection reflect the years in which the research was conducted, 1966-1975, information is contained in the research as far back as 1845. The collection gives specific details on the locations of early sawmills, including ownership and production levels. As a consequence, it also discusses many early towns that no longer appear on Montana maps. The collection also deals with the tools, methods and environmental impact issues discussed by early foresters in Montana. Major early Montana figures also receive mention, including Thomas Greenough, A.M. Holter and John Rankin.

The notes and interviews of Clarence Strong, while not focused on gender, do include numerous interviews with women who associated with the lumber industry through work or through family. One example is a questionnaire filled out by Jeanette Rankin and letters and interviews with two of her sisters on the sawmill operated by their father. Some small references are made to minorities, such as Hindi rail workers in Northwest Montana and Native American sawmill owners on the Flathead Indian Reservation. Various notes and interviews discuss the origin of European immigrant lumber workers who entered Montana in the late 19th and early 20th Centuries. Labor history is also a valuable component of the Strong Collection, discussing mill workers unions, strikes, wages and working conditions.

For all of the topics touched upon in the Strong Papers, complete notations of primary and secondary sources are given. In addition to the printed sources, the collection comes with 172 photographs in excellent condition, many with complete caption information.

Strong was the author of one book, and notes and correspondence related to White Pine, King of Many Waters, is contained in the collection. Also found in the collection are several folders dedicated to Strong's personal life. These contain personal notes, a memoir from WWI, letters from friends in WWII and personal cards.

Use of the Collection

Alternative Forms Available :  

Original materials in Series VII were transferred from a reel-to-reel tape to two cassette tapes in 1999. Researchers are asked to review these materials on audiocassette.

Restrictions on Access :  

Researchers must use collection in accordance with the policies of Archives and Special Collections, the Maureen and Mike Mansfield Library, and The University of Montana-Missoula.

Restrictions on Use :  

Researchers are responsible for using in accordance with 17 U.S.C. and any other applicable statutes. Copyright not transferred to The University of Montana.

Preferred Citation :  

[Name of document or photograph number], Clarence Strong Papers, Archives and Special Collections, Maureen and Mike Mansfield Library, The University of Montana-Missoula.

Administrative Information

Arrangement :

The collection is divided into seven series:

Series I: Diaries, 1 linear foot, 1930-1957

Series II: Lumber History Research, 1.5 lienar feet, 1966-1975

Series III: White Pine, 2 folders, 1970-1972

Series IV: Personal, 3 folders, 1917-1975

Series V: Photographs, 172 photographs, 1898-1973

Series VI: Oral History, 1 folder, 1946

Series VII: Audio Tape, 1 reel-to-reel tape and 2 cassette tapes, undated

Acquisition Information :  

Gift of Richard Allen Strong, date unknown.

Processing Note :  

The actions of the original processors are unknown. In 1999, the collection was re-described. Folders 3-7 and 3-8 were formerly labeled Timberman Articles and were renamed Notes and Interviews because they contained several interviews and notes from other areas besides the Timberman. Series II, III, and IV materials were integrated from LC 232 into Mss 105.

Separated Materials :  

During 1999 reprocessing one oral history by C. S. Porter from 1946 was removed from the collection and placed in the archives oral history collection as OH-371. The 172 photographs contained in the Strong Collection were physically moved to the archives photo collection and numbered 99-3210 through 99-3253 and 99-3603 through 99-3731. A number of books on forestry in Hawaii and Northern Idaho were removed from the collection and transferred to the Mansfield Library science collection. Forest Service publications were transferred to the Mansfield Library government documents collection.

Detailed Description of the Collection

Series I:  Field Diaries , 1930-1957
1 linear foot

This series contains diaries spanning twenty-seven years of daily work activities of Clarence Strong. The diaries describe where Strong was stationed, where he traveled, how he traveled, what he spent and what he did when he arrived at his destination. The notes lack detail due to the small writing space of the pocket sized daily logs. In the earlier, larger, diaries Strong describes his travels in greater detail than in the smaller diaries issued after 1941. Items discussed in the diaries include personnel issues, timber sale inspections and meetings, environmental concerns, wildlife concerns and Strong's stint in Afghanistan as an advisor to the Afghan Ministry of Agriculture.

1/1 1930, 1934, 1935
1/2 1936, 1937, 1938
1/3 July, 1938 - June, 1939
1/4 July, 1939 - January, 1940
1/5 February 1, 1940 - August 31, 1940
1/6 September 1, 1940 - May 21, 1941
1/7 May 22, 1941 - October 7, 1941
1/8 October 8, 1941 - March 31, 1942
1/9 April 1, 1942 - August 31, 1942
1/10 September 1, 1942 - February 12, 1943
1/11 February 13, 1943 - July 27, 1943
1/12 July 28, 1943 - December 12, 1943
1/13 December 13, 1943 - June 3, 1944
1/14 June 4, 1944 - October 5, 1944
1/15 October 6, 1944 - March 31, 1945
1/16 April 1, 1945 - July 31, 1945
1/17 August 1, 1945 - May 20, 1946
1/18 May 21, 1946 - November 30, 1946
2/1 December 1, 1946 - May 17, 1947
2/2 May 19, 1947 - September 30, 1947
2/3 October 1, 1947 - March 27, 1948
2/4 March 23, 1948 - August 25, 1948
2/5 August 26, 1948 - March 31, 1949
2/6 April 1, 1949 - September 9, 1949
2/7 September 10, 1949 - April 5, 1950
2/8 March 29, 1950 - July 31, 1950
2/9 August 1, 1950 - February 27, 1951
2/10 February 28, 1951 - August 20, 1951
2/11 August 21, 1951 - May 9, 1952
2/12 May 10, 1952 - October 21, 1952
2/13 October 27, 1952 - May 15, 1953
2/14 May 16, 1953 - June 30, 1953
2/15 December 1, 1953 - June 30, 1953
Travel Memo from Afghanistan, November 28 - December 14, 1955.
July 1, 1954 - August 17, 1954
Diaries from Afghanistan
October 1, 1954 - January, 1955
2/18 January 4, 1957 - September 20, 1957

^ Return to Top

Series II:  Lumber History Research , 1966-1975
1.5 linear feet

Series II is a collection with broad ranging topics, all joined by the central theme of lumber history in Montana from 1845 to 1945. The series contains general correspondence, notes and interviews, research by I.V. Anderson, A.E. Boorman, Audra Browman, O.B. Calvin and Neil Fullerton, notes from published materials and miscellaneous lumber production and wage statistics. The general correspondence contains letters from Jeanette Rankin, Edna Rankin McKinnon, Harriet Rankin McGregor and an assortment of timber industry personalities.

Another invaluable portion of series two contains notes from varied sources and interviews of the people who lived the early history of the timber industry in Montana. The interviews and notes pin point the locations of early saw mills, who owned them, how much lumber they processed, what mechanical features and lumbering styles were employed by the mill and why they relocated, sold out or closed down. Such notes and interviews necessarily discuss community history of towns across Montana with an emphasis on Western and Central Montana.

The research notes taken from the papers of I.V. Anderson focus mainly on lumber statistics and the processing of railroad ties and the waste of wood involved in that process. Items include memos on wage scales, sales statistics, production of cross ties and the amount of wasted lumber and profits lost in rail tie production. Notes taken by Strong from A.E. Boorman's scrapbook contain information gleaned from memos, books and newspapers by Boorman. The notes reference saw mill locations, mill fires, production, wages and a wide variety of financial, environmental and practical concerns related to the timber industry and where to find that information in primary sources. The Audra Browman research contains information gleaned from court house records for the Lolo, Lolo Hot Springs and Woodman areas as far back as 1866 concerning land claims, real estate deals, ranch locations and owners, mine locations and owners, saw mill locations and owners, post offices and post masters, election precincts and school districts. These records also list all the people who received mail in Lolo and Woodman in 1903 and 1905, their occupation and a property value assessment. Other Browman research discusses saw mill locations, owners, anecdotes and a copy of letter from Thomas Greenough in response to an accusation of stealing lumber from government land.

The remaining folders discuss sawmill locations and owners, miscellaneous notes, a history of saws, lumber statistics and photo sources. Box 5 and 6 containing items from Series II are a valuable collection of note cards that alphabetically and geographically organize all of the material found in the folders of Series II. These note cards first organize by geographic areas: Clark Fork/Bitterroot; Head Waters of the Missouri (including areas as far north as the Blackfeet reservation); Montana General; Central and Eastern Montana; Idaho, Washington; Flathead - Northwest Montana. Information on the Yaak/Eureka area is found in his listings of Montana General and Central and Eastern Montana and no reason for this is given by Strong. Within these geographical divisions, alphabetical ordering of topics, people, places, companies, events, notes and interviews are typed on note cards with the complete listing of the primary sources.

3/1 Project outline for Montana lumber history research undated
3/2 General correspondence 1966-1974
3/3 Interviews and notes 1960-1971
3/4 Interviews and notes 1966-1972
3/5 Interviews 1972
3/6 Interviews and notes 1972
3/7 Interviews and notes 1973
3/8 Interviews and notes 1971-1973
3/9 Interviews and notes 1966-1971
3/10 Research Materials, I.V. Anderson undated
3/11 Research Materials, I.V. Anderson undated
3/12 Research Materials, I.V. Anderson undated
3/13 Research Materials, A.E. Boorman scrapbook undated
3/14 Research Materials, Audra Browman undated
3/15 Research Materials, O.B. Calvin 1973
3/16 Research Materials, Neil Fullerton undated
4/1 Lumbermen and sawmills 1953-1973
4/2 Notes from published items undated
4/3 Notes from published items undated
4/4 Statistics, wages in Western MT sawmills 1917
4/5 Lumber Statistics undated
4/6 Photograph sources undated
4/7 Research clippings 1968-1974
4/8 Timberman articles 1900-1924
4/9 Published pamphlets undated
4/10 Missoula/Hellgate history undated
4/11 Last log drive clippings undated
4/12 History of saws undated
4/13 Alphabetized names/sources/companies undated
4/14 Notebook notes undated
5/1 Note card index undated
6/1 Note card index undated

^ Return to Top

Series III:  White Pine , 1970-1972
2 folders

The White Pine series holds correspondence dedicated to issues touching the book, White Pine, King of Many Waters, thank-you notes from those who received copies of the book, and other general comments. This series also contains a series of clippings kept in a scrapbook with reviews and comments upon the book.

4/15 Correspondence 1970-1972
4/16 Clippings 1970-1972

^ Return to Top

Series IV:  Personal , 1917-1975
3 folders

This series contains personal correspondence from 1941 to 1975 from friends and family on varied topics, such as a former Forest Service employee serving in the Pacific theater during WW II. The series also contains notes made while training for field service during WWI, a memoir of Strong's life and training during the war written in 1919, and information on the organization U.S.A. Veterans of WWI.

4/18 Personal Correspondence 1941-1974
4/19 World War I Veterans 1917-1973
4/20 Personal - press releases, obituaries 1973-1975

^ Return to Top

Series V:  Photographs , 1898-1973
172 photographs

The photograph collection contains photos of saw mills, lumber workers, tree stands before and after logging, wind storm stands, tools of the lumber industry, horse teams and various working individuals from logging labor history. Photographers include R.H. McKay, K.D. Swan and I.V. Anderson; many of the photos are United States Forest Service photos. Some originals are contained in the collection but most are copies or pictures of photographs.

99-3210: Detwiler Mill, near Blue Creek
Detwiler and Clarence Strong.
Aug. 4, 1967
99-3211: Detwiler Mill, near Blue Creek
Detwiler and Clarence Strong.
Aug. 4, 1967
99-3212: Mr. and Mrs. Jellison, founders and owners of the Jellision Lumber Co., east of Kalispell, and their three daughters.
Courtesy of Dr. Wm. Jellison, retired, Hamilton, MT
ca. 1910
99-3213: Founder and owner of the Jellision Lumber Co., and his sons, William, Walter, Charles and Marshall ca. 1910
99-3214: The seven children of Mr. and Mrs. Jellison of the Jellision Lumber Co., east of Kalispell, about 1910. Left to Right: Walter, Mildred, Marshall, Elizabeth, Charles, Caroline, and William.
By Courtesy of Dr. Wm. Jellison, retired, Hamilton, MT.
99-3215: Dolmar power saw operating at the White Pine Sash Co. operation on Sleeping Child Creek, June, 1938 near Hamilton, MT. USFS
99-3216: Showing Bening pole road plane in operating position. A jack-plane like device used for hewing or planing the surface of tread logs on pole roads used by motor trucks in western white pine type. Jan., 1938.
Photo by I.V. Anderson. USFS
99-3217: Showing Bening pole road plane in operating position. A jack-plane like device used for hewing or planing the surface of tread logs on pole roads used by motor trucks in western white pine type. Jan., 1938.
Photo by I.V. Anderson. USFS
99-3218: Ox Yoke, Frank Dobravec, left, Neil Fullerton, right. Heron, MT Aug. 4, 1967
99-3219: Enormous pile of stulls at Butte & Superior mine, Butte, MT. USFS 1916
99-3220: Getting wood for Colorado smelter, Butte, MT. Head of flume, altitude, 10,000 feet USFS
99-3221: Valley Creek, MT, Heron Lumber Co. Fire damage to merchantable ponderosa pine. July, 1929.
Photo by I.V. Anderson. USFS
99-3222: Gilman's ferry at mouth of Deep Creek about 1900 ? just below where Harper bridge is now located.
99-3223: Kerr and McMillan Tie mill, near Kalispell. Slab pile, Aug., 1930.
Photo by I.V. Anderson. USFS
99-3224: A.J. Knudsen champion tie bucker for two (2) years at Pocatello, ID, shouldering a 225 pound 7" by 9" larch tie at Kinshella mill near Lupfer, MT. Note horse collar-like pad used for shoulder protection and the horseshoe spikes to prevent tie from slipping during cold weather.
Photo by I.V. Anderson. USFS
99-3225: A.J. Knudsen champion tie bucker for two (2) years at Pocatello, ID, shouldering a 225 pound 7" by 9" larch tie at Kinshella mill near Lupfer, MT. Note horse collar-like pad used for shoulder protection and the horseshoe spikes to prevent tie from slipping during cold weather.
Photo by I.V. Anderson. USFS
99-3226: A.J. Knudsen champion tie bucker for two (2) years at Pocatello, ID, shouldering a 225 pound 7" by 9" larch tie at Kinshella mill near Lupfer, MT. Note horse collar-like pad used for shoulder protection and the horseshoe spikes to prevent tie from slipping during cold weather.
Photo by I.V. Anderson. USFS
99-3227: 1910 burn on the southeast slope south of St. Regis River, two miles south of lookout. USFS
99-3228: Immature stand of ponderosa pine being cut for wood, March 6, 1941 ? 1 mile south of Florence, MT along main highway.
99-3229: F.H. Stoltze Land and Lumber Co., Columbia Falls, MT. Postcard.
99-3230: Sawmill of Walter Cooper and Co., Bear Creek. Photo by G.E. Tower, August, 1902.
99-3231: O'Brien Creek. Baird and Harper, O'Brien Creek
Early logging of RR cars. Shay locomotive.
99-3232: Kerr and McMillan Tie mill, Patrick Gulch near Kalispell Aug., 1930
99-3233: Part of a blow down area in a mature lodgepole pine stand as a result of a severe windstorm in 1953 in upper Jefferson Creek, Belt Ranger Dist. S12, T13N, R8W.
Photo by W.W. Gordon. USFS
August, 1954
99-3234: Uncut Stand of timber on the Ekalaka division. Typical mature of ponderosa pine of this locality. Note the dense stand of reproduction beneath the older trees.
Photo by K.D. Swan
September, 1938
99-3235: Sawmill of Polley's Lumber Co.
Photo by K.D. Swan. USFS
99-3236: E.A. Findell Lumber Co. Mill, Missoula, MT.
Photo by K.D. Swan
November, 1937
99-3237: L-DF stud mill on Community Hall timber sale area. Kootenai National Forest.
Photo by J.E. Sanderson. USFS
September 2, 1959
99-3238: Sawmill at Ekalaka which handles logs cut as part of WPA project to supply lumber for resettlement purposes throughout the state.
Photo by K.D. Swan, USFS
99-3239: State land near Radnor, MT.
Photo by K.D. Swan. USFS
99-3240: Big Blackfoot (Hammond) Mill Co. logging camp at Seeley Lake, Montana 1908
99-3241: Unidentified landscape.
99-3242: Montana Logging Co. operation in yellow pine. USFS
99-3243: Trailing on the Montana Logging Company operation in yellow pine. Spring Gulch.
Photo by K.D. Swan. USFS
99-3244: Cutting western yellow pine on the Neil Lumber Co. at Libby, MT.
Photo by K.D. Swan. USFS
99-3245: White Sulphur Springs District. Lodgepole pine pulpwood made available by the access road in Sheep Creek area.
Photo by K.D. Swan. USFS
September 1946
99-3246: Loading with McGifford loader. White pine logs cut on FS land, Bobtail Creek near Libby, MT; near Kootenai National Forest.
Photo by K.D. Swan. USFS
99-3247: Plant of International Chemical Products Co., Eureka, MT.
99-3248: Dee Conner Lumber Co. Inc., Darby, MT.
Scott Brown Photography.
99-3249: Loading at the railroad, Baird-Harper Co., Warland, Montana.
99-3250: Christmas tree cutting.
by K.D. Swan. USFS
November 1939
99-3251: Cache Creek timber sale, Shields Ranger District. Loading Logs. A. Adams, sub-contractor for Burkland studs. Mr. Adams on top of load.
Photo by Philip G. Schlamp. USFS
Sept. 19, 1962
99-3252: Bennett Lumber Co. plant at St. Regis. Courtesy Charles Bennett. 1948
99-3253: Don McKenzie, Log superintendent, Anaconda Co.
99-3603: Broadaxe.
99-3604: Broadaxe.
99-3605: Lumber tools.
99-3606: 1)Bitch link or ring, 2) Fid hook, 3) Broadaxe, 4) Altered Broadaxe, 5) Foot Adz, 6) Hand made spud, 7) Cross cut saw set, 8) Set for swede saw, 9) Trail or skidding dogs.
99-3607: 1) Double trail dogs, 2) Blacksmith peaveys, 3) Pike Poles, 4) Froe, 5) Stamping hammer.
99-3608: 1) Broadaxe, 2) Pole Axe, 3) Foot Adzes, 4) Broadaxe.
99-3609: Stamping hammer.
99-3610: Ox Yoke. Heron, MT Aug. 4, 1967
99-3611: Neil Fullerton (?) Demonstrating logging tools. undated
99-3612: Bosworth Trencher, Clarkia, Idaho. Porterfield, Rice, Moore June 29, 1939
99-3613: Bosworth Trencher, Clarkia, ID. Charlie Gregory June 29, 1939
99-3614: Bosworth Trencher, Clarkia, ID. St. Joe June 29, 1939
99-3615: Bosworth Trencher, Clarkia, ID. Charlie Gregory June 29, 1939
99-3616: Bosworth Trencher, Clarkia, ID. Howard Ferris June 29, 1939
99-3617: Logging truck and implements, Thompson Falls, MT. undated
99-3618: Unidentified logging implement.
99-3619: Polley's big wheel 1939
99-3620: Remains of overshot water wheel on Sanders ranch on Little Sleeping Child.
Negatives made from Koda-Chrome slides taken Fall 1973 by Robert K. Gerloft(?), Hamilton, MT.
99-3621: Remains of overshot water wheel on Sanders ranch on Little Sleeping Child.
Negatives made from Koda-Chrome slides taken Fall, 1973 by Robert K. Gerloft(?), Hamilton, MT.
99-3622: Clarence Strong 1941
99-3623: Clarence Strong undated
99-3624: Clarence Strong (left) and Neil Fullerton (right). Kootenai Trail map. Thompson Falls, MT August 3, 1967
99-3625: Clarence Strong undated
99-3626: Clarence Strong undated
99-3627: Clarence Strong undated
99-3628: Clarence Strong undated
99-3629: Clarence Strong undated
99-3630: Clarence Strong undated
99-3631: Clarence Strong undated
99-3632: Clarence Strong undated
99-3633: Clarence Strong undated
99-3634: Shingle mill saw undated
99-3635: Shingle mill saw undated
99-3636: Logging equipment, unidentified undated
99-3637: Corliss Steam Engine: The Big Wheel undated
99-3638: Idaho historic marker: Lake Steamers undated
99-3639: Tug Boat on the St. Joe above St. Mares, Idaho. Towing logs to Coeur d'Alene May 8, 1941
99-3640: Tug boat undated
99-3641: Tug boat Hercules undated
99-3642: Rudolf - 1 ton Scotch Highland Steer (of Charlo, MT), b. April 6, 1961. Buggy is a 1916 custom built Chatham built in Quebec and purchased in Tombstone, AZ. Pendleton, OR, Sept. 15, 1972
99-3643: Lake McDonald in June, Glacier Park.
R.H. McKay photo # 291.
99-3644: Mullan tree undated
99-3645: Harrison, Idaho 1903
99-3646: St. Joe River flood 1913
99-3647: Two unidentified men viewing photos undated
99-3648: Rutlidge mill 1950
99-3649: View of unidentified buildings or logging camp undated
99-3650: One legged miner on Ohio Match (?) Cr. Operation undated
99-3651: Abandoned logging flume and unidentified man undated
99-3652: Harrison, ID 1963
99-3653: Logging flume, unidentified location undated
99-3654: St. Joe flood, St. Mares, ID undated
99-3655: Logging flume, unidentified location undated
99-3656: Log float, unidentified location undated
99-3657: Potlatch logs from Stony Creek, Merry Creek landing, Clarkia, ID July 18, 1941
99-3658: Potlatch logs from Stony Creek, Merry Creek landing, Clarkia, ID July 18, 1941
99-3659: Loading logs, unidentified location undated
99-3660: Rogers Mill Fire September 2, 1940
99-3661: Fire which spread from an uncontrolled forest fire to the yards of the Spirit Lake Lumber Co. And destroyed 35 million feet of manufactured lumber. Spirit Lake, ID.
Photo by K.D. Swan. USFS
September 1, 1939
99-3662: Jackson lumber harvester in action in Boundary Co. undated
99-3663: Three Forks saw mill
Sawing lumber for Three Forks Ranger Station. The bearded fellow is Jack Clack. Dick Shields with Jack on ground.
99-3664: State Lumber Co. mill at La Salle, MT 1898
99-3665: Unidentified area, logs on stream bank undated
99-3666: Mrs. Gene Grush and unidentified boy and man, Yaak River undated
99-3667: Cut lumber piles and building under construction, unidentified location undated
99-3668: Log rollers, unidentified undated
99-3669: Hunting party, unidentified men undated
99-3670: Log jam undated
99-3671: Log jam undated
99-3672: Unidentified men in surveyor camp undated
99-3673: Saw mill, unidentified undated
99-3674: Log drive, Fortine River, Eureka Lumber Co. undated
99-3675: Unidentified crowd undated
99-3676: Log jam undated
99-3677: Clyde Webb undated
99-3678: Spokane Falls, Washington Territory 1888
99-3679: Coeur d'Alene Mission in the Rocky Mountains 1854
99-3680: Panhandle Mill, Spirit Lake, ID undated
99-3681: Portrait of unidentified man undated
99-3682: Horses skidding logs in winter undated
99-3683: Ox teams hauling lumber undated
99-3684: Interior scene in Leighty Bros. Mill, Yaak River.
Photo by Gene Grush
99-3685: Mining in the Pacific Northwest, 1960's, unidentified location, possibly North Idaho.
99-3686: Winter log sledding horse team and loggers. Unidentified location, but possible Minnesota or Michigan hauling eastern white pine undated
99-3687: Panhandle Mill, Spirit Lake, ID.
Photo by Mark Krause
99-3688: Logging road and loggers near a stream, Spirit Lake, ID area.
Photo by Mark Krause
99-3689: Spirit Lake, ID (?) undated
99-3690: Spirit Lake, ID (?) undated
99-3691: White pine logs, Potlatch Forest Inc. sale on Homestead Creek, St. Joe, ID July, 1940
99-3692: Loading logs, unidentified location undated
99-3693: USFS personnel pose near a large tree. Clarence Strong on bottom right undated
99-3694: Abandoned Spokane International RR caboose undated
99-3695: Unidentified lumber mill.
99-3696: Bonner base ball team undated
99-3697: Western Lumber Co. plant, Milltown, MT undated
99-3698: Western Lumber Co. Switch engine, Milltown, MT undated
99-3699: Trolley station at Milltown, MT undated
99-3700: Unidentified lumber mill and lake undated
99-3701: Clark's dam and power house, Missoula, MT undated
99-3702: Dam at junction of Stillwater and Whitefish for a sawmill ca. 1903
99-3703: McGurk's Mill, South fork of Teton Creek.
Photo by H.B. Ayres. USFS
July 1899
99-3704: H.M. Stevenson tie operation along Union Pacific just south of West Yellowstone.
99-3705: Frank Vogel, early century cruiser and estimator for Anaconda Co.
99-3706: Western Lumber Co. Plant at Milltown, MT undated
99-3707: Winter log sledding team, horses and loggers. Unidentified location undated
99-3708: Sleigh log team, Bitter Root Mountains undated
99-3709: In the Bitter Root Mountains, the mill and pond at Hamilton undated
99-3710: Logs in Tobacco River, Eureka, MT August 8, 1915
99-3711: Collapsed Cedar St. bridge, 1908 flood, Missoula, MT.
99-3712: Unidentified lumbermill under construction undated
99-3713: Missoula County H.S. fire 1931
99-3714: Eureka Mill undated
99-3715: Rail ties of RR tracks undated
99-3716: Unidentified saw mill under construction undated
99-3717: Unidentified saw mill under construction undated
99-3718: Unidentified lumber mill fire undated
99-3719: Unidentified farm undated
99-3720: Logs in the Tobacco River, Eureka, MT 1915
99-3721: Johnny Dahlberg dam, Barnaby Lake undated
99-3722: Johnny Dahlberg dam, Barnaby Lake undated
99-3723: Clark Fork flood (?) June 6, 1908
99-3724: Eureka Lumber Co. Mill undated
99-3725: Winter logging, Fortine, MT area undated
99-3726: BLM Thibadeau surveying team undated
99-3727: Source of Missoula Water supply undated
99-3728: H.C. Tuttle (left) and N. E. Wilkerson (right). Forest Service cabin constructed by rangers Wilkerson and Tuttle in June 1899 at Alta, MT. Believed to be the first Forest Service building and the first flag floated by the Forest Service.
99-3729: Logging truck and logs undated
99-3730: Horse skidding logs undated
99-3731: Hunt Taylor, deceased 1967 undated

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Series VI:  Oral History , 1946
1 folder

This reminiscence of fire fighting in the Salmon, Idaho area by C.S. Porter was collected by Strong. This history discusses in great detail a fire fought in the Summer of 1946 and how the crew worked and lived while it fought the fire. This folder was removed from the main collection and can be found in the archives oral history transcripts as OH-371. There is no audio tape of the interview.

OH-371 This reminiscence of fire fighting in the Salmon, Idaho area by C.S. Porter

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Series VII:  Audio Tape , undated
1 reel-to-reel tape and 2 cassette tapes

This series contains two cassette tapes copied from a reel-to-reel audiotape. The tapes record Clarence Strong reading articles from the Timberman between 1900 and 1924. The printed record of these articles appears in Series II, box 4, folder 8.

7/1 Timberman readings ca. 1970

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  • Subject Terms :
  • Foresters--Coeur d'Alene Mountains (Idaho and Mont.)
  • Lumbering--Coeur d'Alene Mountains (Idaho and Mont.)--History
  • Lumbermen--Montana--History
  • World War, 1914-1918--Personal narratives, American
  • World War, 1939-1945--Personal narratives, American
  • Geographical Names :
  • Coeur d'Alene Mountains (Idaho and Mont.)
  • Personal Names :
  • Greenough, Thomas L., 1851-1911
  • Holter, Anton M., 1831-1921
  • Rankin, John, 1841-1904
  • Form or Genre Terms :
  • Photographs
  • Sound recordings

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