Guide to the Chimpanzee and Human Communication Institute Records
1970-2012 (bulk 1980-2012)

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Overview of the Collection

Creator: Chimpanzee and Human Communication Institute
Title: Chimpanzee and Human Communication Institute Records
Dates: 1970-2012 (bulk 1980-2012) ( inclusive )
Quantity: 1618 VHS tapes; 1038 mini Digital Videocassettes; 46 16 mm film reels; 151 Betamax tapes; 72 Sanyo V-cord; 101 ½” high density tape reels; 51 U-matic tapes; 183 Super 8 film reels; 8,014 slides; 10,842 photographs; and approximately 1,000 3-ring binders of paper records  :  16mm film, 8mm film, ¾” U-matic, Sanyo V-Cord, Betamax, ½” open reel magnetic tape, VHS, mini Digital Videocassettes, DVD, photographic prints, negatives, slides, paper records. Paper records are in fair to good condition. Some of the media shows degradation and the film, U-matic, Sanyo V-Cords, Betamax, and open reel tape lack playback ability.
Location of Collection: Materials located at the Chimpanzee and Human Communication Institute, Central Washington University.
Collection Number: MS009-01-01
Summary: The Chimpanzee and Human Communication Institute Collection contains the daily operational records concerning the care and interaction with cross-fostered and signing chimpanzees as well as the research that has been undertaken with the chimpanzees. The entire collection spans from 1970 to 2012.
Repository: Central Washington University, Archives and Special Collections
Contact Information: Archives and Special Collections
Central Washington University
400 E University Way
Ellensburg, WA
Telephone: 509-963-1023
Fax: 509-963-3684
Languages: English  

Historical Note

In 1966, Beatrix and R. Allen Gardner began Project Washoe by cross-fostering (i.e. one species raising another, in this case humans raising a chimpanzee) the chimpanzee Washoe as if she were a deaf child at the University of Nevada at Reno. A vital component of the cross-fostering environment was the exclusive use of American Sign Language (ASL) in communication between Washoe and her caregivers. Raised in this environment, Washoe acquired the signs of ASL in much the same way that deaf human children acquire the signs, making her the first non-human in history to acquire a human language. In 1967 Roger Fouts entered Project Washoe as a graduate assistant and became intimately involved in the daily care of Washoe and exposing her to ASL. In 1970, Washoe, accompanied by Roger Fouts and his wife Deborah Fouts, moved to the Institute of Primate Studies (IPS) at the University of Oklahoma in Norman, Oklahoma. For the first time Washoe was able to interact with other chimpanzees. At the IPS, in addition to working with Washoe, Roger Fouts exposed other chimpanzees at the Institute to ASL.

The next step in the study was to see if a chimpanzee mother, Washoe, could transmit the acquisition of American Sign Language to an infant chimpanzee. On January 9, 1979 Washoe gave birth to a male infant, Sequoyah, and it seemed the project could move forward. However, Sequoyah suffered from a number of health setbacks during the first months of his life and ultimately succumbed to pneumonia on March 8, 1979. The opportunity to study the transmission of ASL from mother to infant was ultimately revitalized with the introduction of another infant chimpanzee, thus beginning Project Loulis (1979-1985). On March 29, 1979, Washoe was introduced to a 10 month old infant, Loulis, whose own mother was unable to care for him. During the early years of Loulis’s life, humans were restricted from signing around him. Loulis learned his signs from Washoe and from the other signing chimpanzees, making him the only chimpanzee ever to acquire a human language from a conspecific.

The Gardners' cross-fostered other young chimpanzees: Moja, Tatu, and Dar, who also acquired the signs of ASL; Moja joined Washoe, Loulis, and the Foutses in Oklahoma in 1979. By this point, Roger Fouts was looking for a new place to call home for the chimpanzees under his care and for his research. In 1980, the Foutses moved with Washoe, Loulis, and Moja to Central Washington University in Ellensburg, Washington. In 1981, Dar and Tatu joined the other chimpanzees at Central Washington University. Originally housed in the Psychology Building, the chimpanzees were relocated to the Chimpanzee and Human Communication Institute in 1993 which was specifically built with their needs in mind. Roger and Deborah co-directed the Chimpanzee and Human Communication Institute until their retirement in 2011. The current director, Dr. Mary Lee Jensvold, has been a member of the research team since 1986 and studied under Drs. Fouts and Gardner.

The research that continues today with the cross-fostered adult chimpanzees shows they use their signs in spontaneous, appropriate, and conversational ways with their human caregivers and each other. They sign to initiate activities, comment on their world, request, respond to questions, and clarify misunderstandings. They adjust their signing to their conversational partner, for example they slow down their signing for new signers. They sign to themselves like humans talk to themselves. They use their signs in imaginary play, for example signing to stuffed animals. They draw pictures and name the images they create.

While the main objectives of Project Washoe and Project Loulis have come to a close, the chimpanzees continue to serve as the focus of continuous research studies. Thirty undergraduates intern each academic year and participate in the daily care and enrichment of the chimpanzees. Nine graduate students per academic year work towards their Masters of Science degrees in Experimental Psychology and Primate Behavior with CHCI as their research host. CHCI also runs a Summer Apprentice program which allows students and faculty to gain experience working with the chimpanzees as well as learning the history of the project. Additionally, CHCI has played host to a number of visiting researchers, drawing both nationally and internationally, who have conducted new research as well as utilizing the over forty years of data housed on-site.

Content Description

The Chimpanzee and Human Communication Institute Collection contains material spanning from 1970-1980 and the time at the Institute of Primate Studies in Norman, Oklahoma, to the move of Roger Fouts and the five chimpanzees in 1980 to the campus of Central Washington University in Ellensburg, Washington, which to this day is the home of the remaining chimpanzees: Loulis, Tatu, and Dar. The collection consists of: completed, abandoned, and ongoing research (including grant-funded projects) and thesis studies; photographic negatives, prints, and slides; film and video footage in VHS, mini Digital Videocassettes, Betamax, ¾” u-matic, ½” high density tape, Sanyo V-Cord, 16mm film, and 8mm film; charts, records, and logs of daily chimpanzee care and activity. The bulk of the collection is from 1980-2012 and has originated from Central Washington University; however, the collection does contain records and media originating from the University of Oklahoma.

Other Descriptive Information

Funding for the production of this finding aid was provided through a grant awarded by the Lounsbery Foundation.

Use of the Collection

Restrictions on Access :  

All requests to use the collection must be vetted through the Friends of Washoe and the Director of the Chimpanzee and Human Communication Institute.

Restrictions on Use :  

The collection includes media formats: Betamax, Sanyo V-Cord, ½” high density tape, 8mm film, 16mm film, and ¾” u-matic tapes which are currently without playback capabilities. Permission is required for reproduction or publication of materials.

Preferred Citation :  

[Identification of item]. Chimpanzee and Human Communication Institute Records. Chimpanzee and Human Communication Institute. Central Washington University.

Administrative Information

Arrangement :

Arranged chronologically within each series.

Detailed Description of the Collection

I:  Oklahoma Data, 1970-1973

Data collected while at the University of Oklahoma, Institute of Primate Studies in Norman, Oklahoma. All records were created by Roger S. Fouts or by individuals working under his direction. Records are ditto copied, photocopied, and handwritten notes housed in 3-ring binders.

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II:  16mm Film

This series includes news footage of the chimpanzees and Roger Fouts at the Institute of Primate Studies, educational films, and additional footage filmed while at the Institute of Primate Studies. The film in this series is on both acetate and polyester bases.

1: Washoe Chimpanzee
2: CWU Chimpanzees
3: Selected takes of Washoe
4: Roger Fouts and Washoe
5: Diana and Jesabel
6: Roger Fouts and Ally
7: Roger Fouts, Washoe, and Sequoyah
8: Footage of the Institute of Primate Studies
9: Apes
10: William Lemmon
11: Animal Communication: Debbi and Roger Fouts and Chimpanzees
12: Unknown subjects

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III:  Oklahoma Art Study, 1971-1972

Each folder contains pencil drawings by the chimpanzees and typed sheets with handwritten notes from their observers. The Booee folder contains a black pencil with teeth marks and the Lucy folder contains paintings with acrylics in addition to the pencil drawings.

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IV:  Super 8 Film, 1973-1981

The film in this series covers time spent at the Institute of Primate Studies and the first couple of years at Central Washington University. The film covers many of the other chimpanzees at the Institute of Primate Studies that were not under Roger Fouts’ direct care but were taught American Sign Language under his tutelage. The 8mm film in this series is on reels, Magi-Cartridges, and loose.

1: Washoe’s Birthday Party
2: Booee, Bruno, and Ally signing
3: Ally
4: Reintroduction of infant to Washoe
5: Nim and human with objects
6: Mac and human with objects
7: Chimp Island
8: Washoe and Roger Fouts eating breakfast
9: Booee signing 1973
10: Lucy signing 1973
11: Ally and Bruno 1974
12: Bruno 1974
13: Salome 1974
14: Washoe’s Labor 1979
15: Diana Davis and Sequoyah 1979
16: Carrie gives birth 1979
17: Ally and Washoe on walk 1979
18: George Kimbell 1979
19: Bob Ingersoll 1979
20: Bob Ingersoll and Loulis 1979
21: Washoe, Loulis, and Diana Davis 1979
22: Washoe and Loulis on walk 1979
23: Nim and human caregiver 1979
24: Washoe and Loulis 1980
25: Washoe and Loulis 1981
26: Washoe, Loulis, and Dar 1981
27: Unknown Subjects

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V:  ½” High Density Tape, 1974-1981

During the period of time while at the Institute of Primate Studies, extensive research was being conducted on the relationships between mother and infant chimpanzees; many of these tapes come from that research. Additionally, this series includes signing interactions between chimpanzees and human caregivers as well as Debbi Fouts’ thesis data.

1: Booee and Bruno 1974
2: Booee and Ally
3: Washoe, Roger Fouts, and human caregivers 1977
4: Ally and human caregivers 1977
5: Objects introduced to chimpanzees with no signing 1977
6: Direct Signing 1977
7: Chimpanzee Mother/Infant Dyads 1978
8: Washoe and Ally 1978
9: Nim with no signing 1978
10: Tes with human caregivers 1978
11: Ally and Roger Fouts 1978
12: Wendy and Woodrow 1978
13: Washoe and Ally 1978
14: Washoe, Ally, and human caregivers 1978
15: Mac and infant 1978
16: Tiger and Mary Jane 1978
17: Chimp to chimp and chimp to human interactions 1981
18: Debbi Fouts Thesis Data 1983
19: Japanese TV footage 1983
20: First Signs of Washoe
21: Unknown subjects

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VI:  Sanyo V-Cord Tapes, 1979-1982

This series includes recordings from the last year Roger Fouts and Washoe were at the Institute of Primate Studies as well first two years at Central Washington University.

1: Washoe’s Labor 1979
2: Washoe and Abindigo 1979
3: Washoe and Sequoyah’s reintroduction 1979
4: Washoe, Ally, and Sequoyah 1979
5: Introduction of Loulis and Washoe 1979
6: Washoe, Loulis, and Ally 1979-1980
7: Moja and Washoe 1979-1980
8: Dar interacting with human caregivers 1981
9: Chimp to chimp signing with Tatu and Loulis 1982
10: Moja Art Study 1982
11: Unknown subjects

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VII:  Loulis Phrase Development Data, 1979-1998

The initial premise of Project Loulis focused on the cultural transmission of a human language in chimpanzees. After it was clear that Loulis had acquired signs that he learned from Washoe and the other signing chimpanzees, studies looked at how his phrases developed and how he used his signs in interactions with other chimpanzees and with human caregivers. The records are stored in 3-ring binders.

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VIII:  Sign Logs, 1979-2012

Observational records of a "good"/lengthy interaction, the use of a new sign, or chimp to chimp (C-C) signing. Datasheets include: Subject, Behavior, and Observer. The Loulis logs #22-29 are PCM logs which record the place, configuration, and movement of an observed sign. Records are stored in 3-ring binders.

1: All chimps 1983-1991
2: Washoe Sign Logs 1983-2007
3: Moja Sign Logs 1983-2002
4: Tatu Sign Logs 1983-2010
5: Dar Sign Logs 1983-2003
6: Loulis Sign Logs 1979-1980
7: Loulis PCM Logs 1979-1981
8: Loulis Sign Logs 1981-2003
9: Sign Logs (All) 2002-2004
10: Dar and Loulis Sign Logs 2003-present
11: Tatu Sign Logs 2010-present

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IX:  Research Data, 1979-2011
1: Apprentice Loulis Project 1979-1998
2: Enrichment Video Scan 1980-1998
3: Idiolect/Dialect 1985-1996
4: Dialect Play 1986-2000
5: Video Transcription 1986-2000
6: Foraging Study 1993-2006
7: Social Hierarchy 1995-2008
8: Naïve vs. Educated Study 1996
9: Behavior Study 1997
10: Party Vocabulary 1998-2008
11: Ethogram Data Sheets 1999-2002
12: Audience Effect Study 2000-2004
13: In/Out Study 2001-2002
14: Art Study Data 2001
15: Dialect-Play Segments 2001
16: Attitude Change Study 2001
17: Object Use Project 2002
18: Reassurance/Greeting 2002
19: Context Data 2002-2005
20: Nesting Project 2003-2004
21: Forage Status 2004
22: Laughter Project-Play Bout Durations 2005
23: Vocalization and Handedness Project 2007
24: Play Segments 2007
25: Hierarchy 2001-2008
26: Snuggle Buddy 2008
27: Chimposium Effects Study Data 2008-2009
28: Movement Study Data 2009
29: Hierarchy Data 2009
30: Enrichment Study Data 2010
31: Threat Behavior Study 2011
32: Conversational Turns Coding Book
33: Video Transcription in Progress
34: Naturalistic Signed Interactions
35: Gesture Logs
36: Adventitious Data
37: Grooming Data Sheets
38: Handedness Project
39: Arm/Finger Extension

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X:  Meal Charts, 1980-2011

Meal charts are records of everything the chimpanzees eat each day. Caregivers fill in the ingredients of everything they serve the chimpanzees and also how much they ate. Medicines are also indicated on the meal chart, as well as any abnormal stool notes. Male chimpanzee arousal and odor levels and female sexual swelling cycles are also noted on the meal charts. Meal charts are stored in 3-ring binders in the conference room.

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XI:  Loulis Sign Analysis, 1981-1984

Data analysis of signs Loulis used during Project Loulis. The records are housed in 3-ring binders.

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XII:  Chimp to Chimp Logs and Data, 1981-1990

Detailed diary notes and logs of chimpanzee to chimpanzee signing. The records are housed in 3-ring binders.

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XIII:  Daily Logs and Sign Analysis, 1981-1985

Detailed diary notes and sign logs from Project Loulis. Logs are housed in 3-ring binders.

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XIV:  Placement, Configuration, and Movement (PCM), 1981-2001

Charts that explain the placement, configuration, and movement of each observed sign for the five chimpanzees. The records are housed in 3-ring binders.

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XV:  Video Follow Tapes, 1981-2011

Video Follow is comprised of 15 minute focal follows. Each chimp is taped twice a day for ten days. The chimps are filmed in the order presented on the data sheet for each day. Video Follow tapes from 1981 are on Betamax; from 1986 to May 2000 are on VHS; and October 2000 to present are on mini Digital Videocassettes. Video Follow from 1981 to March 1993 took place in the Psychology Building at Central Washington University. Starting in May 1993, all recordings took place in the Chimpanzee and Human Communication Institute at CWU.

1: Video Sample Tapes 1981
2: Video Follow Data 1986
3: Video Follow Data Spring 1992
4: Video Follow Data Fall 1992
5: Video Follow Data Winter 1993
6: Outdoor Video Follow 1 Spring 1993
7: Video Follow 2 Spring-Summer 1993
8: Outdoor Video Follow 2 Fall 1993
9: Video Follow 3 Spring 1994
10: Outdoor Video Follow 4 Fall 1994
11: Outdoor Video Follow 5 Spring 1995
12: Video Follow 6 Fall 1995
13: Video Follow 7 Spring 1996
14: Video Follow 8 Fall 1996
15: Video Follow 9 Spring 1997
16: Video Follow 10 Fall 1997
17: Video Follow 11 Spring 1998
18: Video Follow 12 Fall 1998
19: Video Follow 13 Spring 1999
20: Video Follow 14 Fall 1999
21: Video Follow 15 Spring 2000
22: Video Follow 16 Fall 2000
23: Video Follow 17 Spring 2001
24: Video Follow 18 Fall 2001
25: Video Follow 19 Spring 2002
26: Video Follow 20 Fall 2002
27: Video Follow 21 Spring 2003
28: Video Follow 22 Fall 2003
29: Video Follow 23 Spring 2004
30: Video Follow 24 Fall 2004
31: Video Follow 25 Spring 2005
32: Video Follow 26 Fall 2005
33: Video Follow 27 Spring 2006
34: Video Follow 28 Spring 2006
35: Video Follow 29 Fall 2006
36: Video Follow 30 Spring 2007
37: Video Follow 31 Fall 2007
38: Video Follow 32 Spring 2008
39: Video Follow 33 Fall 2008
40: Video Follow 34 Spring 2009
41: Video Follow 35 Fall 2009
42: Video Follow 36 Spring 2010
43: Video Follow 37 Fall 2010
44: Video Follow 38 Summer 2011
45: Video Follow 39 Fall 2011

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XVI:  Health Records, 1982-1993
1: Sexual swelling cycle charts for female chimpanzees
2: Health and nutrition logs
3: Regurgitation data

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XVII:  U-Matic Tapes, 1983-1989
1: Chimp to Chimp signing 1983
2: Highlights from VCR tapes 1985-1986
3: Signs of Enrichment 1986
4: Washoe Film 1987
5: Media shots 1989
6: Washoe and Loulis
7: Roger Fouts Interview
8: Interview with Roger and Debbi Fouts
9: First Signs of Washoe
10: Cleaning
11: Chimpanzees in play room
12: Rats
13: Private Signing
14: Unknown subjects

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XVIII:  Sign Checklists, 1983-2011

The Sign Checklists are a daily log of all the observed signs used by the chimpanzees in a given day. The checklists include signs in which the chimpanzees are reliable as well as a place to include newly observed signs. The checklists in the Archive Room are computer printouts bound together while the rest of the checklists are organized chronologically within 3-ring binders.

1: 1983-1991
2: 1992-1998
3: Washoe Sign Checklists 1983-2007
4: Moja Sign Checklists 1981-2002
5: Tatu Sign Checklists 1983-2011
6: Dar Sign Checklists 1983-2011
7: Loulis Sign Checklists 1983-2011
8: Tatu, Dar, and Loulis Sign Checklists 2011-2012

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XIX:  Thesis Data, 1983-2011
1: Mark Bodamer Thesis Data, Chimpanzees Signing to Themselves 1983-1987
2: Kelly O’Donoghue, The Use of Sign Language During Play 1985
3: Heidi Shaw, Chimpanzee Vocal Comprehension of English 1989
4: Shelia Steiner, Handedness in Chimpanzees 1989
5: Vicki Kennerud, The Effect of Social Context on the Use of ASL in Chimpanzees 1992
6: Kimberly Williams, Nighttime Enrichment 1994-1998
7: Kimberly Williams, Nighttime Activity Budgets 1995
8: Julia Quentin Davis, Perception of Distortions in Chimpanzee Signing 1995
9: Shannon Cianelli, High Arousal Interactions of Chimp-to-Chimp Signing 1995-1996
10: Katherine Cadish Hall, The Use of ASL in the Grouping of Colored Exemplars 1997
11: Marcee Harvey, Tool Modification 1998
12: John Blaine Mulcahy, Pre-conflict Behavior 1998
13: Crickette Sanz, Fecal testosterone and cortisol levels and behavioral correlates 1998
14: Bonita King, Effect of Familiarity on Social Interactions 1999
15: Esteban Rivas Dissertation Data, Signing Interactions 1999
16: Rivas/Davis, Conversational Turns in Chimp-Caregiver Interactions 2000
17: Adriana Martin, Effect of Human Eye Gaze on Delay in Communicative Interactions 2000
18: Lorien Vaughan, Use of High Arousal ASL During Conflict and Post-conflict Periods 2000
19: Diana Goodrich, Play Initiation 2000
20: Sarah Baeckler, Effects of Captive Management on Chimp-Caregiver Interactions 2001
21: Holly Bowman, Effects of Gestural Communication on Reciprocity 2003
22: Elizabeth Kuykendall, Questions and responses from chimpanzees 2003
23: Debbie Tierney, Responses to Questions vs. Statements 2004-2005
24: Jess Hartel, Effects of Familiarity and Signing on Conversational Behaviors 2005
25: Lisa Leitten, Conversational Repair 2005
26: Susan Shiau, Modulation of Signs by Chimpanzees 2005
27: Jennifer Keysur, Dyadic Play 2006
28: Maureen McCarthy and Tracy Campion, Gesture Sequence Studies 2006-2010
29: Lindsay Zager, Florida Visitor Effect Study 2009
30: Lindsay Zager, Visitor Behavior Data 2009
31: Gina Stadtner, Sequential Analysis Data 2009
32: Jackie Smith, Effect of Caregiver Behavior 2009
33: Gina Stadtner, Effect of Caregiver Behavior 2009
34: Debbie Metzler, Familiar and Unfamiliar Conversational Partners 2009
35: Robin Potosky, Modulation of Signs by Chimpanzees 2009
36: Madeleine Leake, Conversation Topics 2010-2011
37: Jessica Martinson, Sorting of Chimpanzee Art

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XX:  Thesis and Research Tapes, 1984-2010
1: Unknown Study 1984
2: CWU Chimp Lab 1986
3: C. Stevens Art Study 1985
4: Mark Bodamer Thesis Data 1986-1987
5: National Geographic Private Signing 1986-1988
6: Music Study 1988
7: Imagination Data 1989
8: Heidi Shaw Research 1989-1995
9: Shelia Steiner Thesis Data 1989
10: Mark Bodamer Dissertation Data 1990-1993
11: Parks Grant I and II Enrichment Studies 1990
12: Unknown Study 1990
13: Pilot Filming 1990-1991
14: Vicki Kennerud Thesis Data 1992
15: Abeer Nabi Thesis Data 1992
16: Directional Pointing 1992
17: Miscellaneous Tapes 1992-1998
18: Jennifer Beaucher Thesis Data 1993
19: Forage Study 1993
20: Danielle Simpson Thesis Data 1993
21: Mary Radeke Thesis Data 1993
22: Treat Mound Study 1993
23: Questions Series, M.L. Jensvold 1993-1994
24: John Fosnick Thesis Data 1993
25: Sleep Signing Data 1994
26: Quentin Davis Thesis Data 1994-1995
27: Human eye gaze reliability 1995
28: Crickette Sanz 1995
29: Dominance Study 1995
30: Nighttime Enrichment Study 1995-1998
31: Kimberly Williams Thesis Data 1995
32: Eye Gaze Thesis Data 1995
33: Trina Hall Thesis Data 1996
34: Shannon Cianelli Thesis Data 1996
35: Trina Hall Thesis Data 1996
36: Marcee Harvey TV Enrichment Study 1996-1997
37: Marcee Harvey Thesis Data 1997-1998
38: Natural Conversations, M.L. Jensvold 1997
39: Michelle Haislip Thesis Data 1998
40: Joe Hood Thesis Data 1998
41: Earthwatch Reliability Tapes 1998-2004
42: Bonita King Thesis Data 1999
43: Lisa Leitten Thesis Data 1999
44: Summer Research 1999
45: Attention Getting Study 2000
46: Lorien Vaughan Thesis Data 2000
47: A. Martin Thesis Data 2000
48: Blake Dollnes Thesis Data 2000
49: Diana Goodrich Thesis Data 2000
50: Audience Effects Reliability 2000
51: John Blaine Mulcahy Thesis Data 2001
52: Summer Play Research 2001
53: Greet and Reassurance 2002
54: Anne Sloan Thesis Data 2002
55: Loulis Cultural Transmission 2002
56: “WH” questions 2002
57: Summer Apprentice Reliability Tapes 2003
58: M.L. Jensvold talk about language research 2003
59: Nesting Study 2003-2004
60: Forage Study 2003-2005
61: Tennyson Egan Thesis Data 2005
62: Play Gesture 2007
63: Holly Bowman Thesis Data 2003
64: Jensvold Pilot 2004
65: Jess Hartel Thesis Data 2005
66: Susan Shiau Thesis 2005
67: “WH” Questions 2005
68: Jackie Smith Thesis Data 2005
69: Locomotion Study 2006
70: Animal Welfare Institute, M.L. Jensvold, Caregiver Behavior Study 2006
71: Gina Stadtner Thesis Data 2008-2009
72: Dani Bismanovsky Thesis Data 2010
73: Object location/pointing Thesis Data
74: Forage Tapes

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XXI:  Adventitious Tapes, 1985-Present

Adventitious refers to a series of recordings that are not a part of a structured research project. The series includes recordings of holiday celebrations, closed circuit meals for Advanced Chimposiums, new enclosures or structures, or activities developed to provide enrichment for the chimpanzees. The tapes in this series are on Betamax, VHS, and mini Digital Videocassettes.

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XXII:  Video Follow Data, 1985-2011

The video follow data provides information regarding the order of filming each chimpanzee, any notable interactions or events, and any interruptions or changes in the filming schedule. The charts are stored in 3-ring binders.

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XXIII:  ChimpanZoo, 1985-1994

The ChimpanZoo Research, Education, and Enrichment Program is sponsored by the Jane Goodall Institute. Records are housed in 3-ring binders.

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XXIV:  Tech Shift Reports, 1986-Present

Shift reports are records of the daily routine in caring for the chimpanzees. From 1986-1993 the reports contained additional information regarding interesting interactions or new signs which is now reserved for sign logs. Current shift reports focus on the shifting of chimps, unlocking of enclosures, when meals are served, and anything outside of “normal” activity occurs. The reports are stored in 3-ring binders.

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XXV:  Training Manuals, 1987-1992

Old training manuals and taxonomies for caretakers from the period of time the chimpanzees were housed in the Psychology building. The manuals are housed in 3-ring binders.

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XXVI:  Enrichment Logs, 1988-2005

Enrichment logs are checklists of common enrichment categories the chimpanzees are offered each day. Caregivers note which categories of enrichment are offered to the chimpanzees on a particular day as well as any enhanced enrichment that does not fall into one of the common categories. The logs are stored in 3-ring binders.

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XXVII:  Chimpmoove, 1991-1993

Data collected prior to and immediately after the move of the chimpanzees from the Psychology Building to the Chimpanzee and Human Communication Institute.

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XXVIII:  Sign of the Day, 1992-2004

The Sign of the Day Project prompted the chimpanzees to sign about a target sign that changed daily. The records are housed in 3-ring binders.

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XXIX:  Fieldwork, 1992-2005

Fieldwork research has been conducted off-site by researchers from the Chimpanzee and Human Communication Institute at both African field sites and African sanctuaries. The Cameroon Wildlife Aid Fund is now known as: Ape Action Africa. Gombe (Tanzania), Africa and Kibale (Uganda), Africa tapes are on VHS and Cameroon and Zambia tapes are on mini Digital Videocassettes.

1: Gombe, Tanzania, Africa 1992-1996
2: Kibale, Uganda, Africa 1996-1998
3: Chimfunshi Wildlife Orphanage, Zambia, Africa 2005
4: Cameroon Wildlife Aid Fund, Cameroon, Africa 2005
5: Sanaga-Yong Chimpanzee Rescue Center, Cameroon, Africa 2005

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XXX:  Elderhostel, 1994-1995

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XXXI:  Field Logs, 1994-Present

Handwritten, observational notes recorded from Berm observational area. Logs are stored in 3-ring binders in the computer room.

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XXXII:  Summer Apprentice Program, 1995-Present

The Summer Apprentice Program runs for an eight week session each summer and provides an opportunity for up to fifteen students or faculty to perform and participate in research. This series includes resulting research as well as administrative records (i.e. applications, evaluations, handbooks).

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XXXIII:  Activity Budgets, 1996-1999

Activity Budgets examine the how the chimpanzees spend their days and the activities they engage in.

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XXXIV:  Proximity Data/Post-Conflict Interaction Study, 1997-2001

Data is stored in 3-ring binders housed in the conference room.

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XXXV:  Conversational Video Follow Tapes, 2002-Present

Conversational Video Follow tapes are recorded interactions between chimpanzees and human caregivers. Conversational Video Follow is not as structured as regular video follow and does not have time restrictions or adhere to a formal schedule.

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XXXVI:  Slides and Photographs, 1966-2004

The photographs and slides focus on capturing chimpanzee signing, interaction between the chimpanzees, and interactions between chimpanzees and humans. Other emphases of the series include: the building stages of the Chimpanzee and Human Communication Institute; Jane Goodall’s visits to Central Washington University; and photographs of the chimpanzees as infants. Negatives for the photographs are also contained within this series.

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This collection is indexed under the following headings in the online catalog. Researchers desiring materials about related topics, persons, or places should search the catalog using these headings.

  • Personal Names :
  • Fouts, Deborah
  • Fouts, Roger
    • Geographical Names :
    • Ellensburg (Wash.)
    • Subject Terms :
    • American Sign Language--Study and teaching
    • Human-animal communication
    • Washoe (Chimpanzee)
      • Other Creators :
      • Chimpanzee and Human Communication Institute

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