Guide to the Merwin K. Hart Papers
1929-1962

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Overview of the Collection

Creator: Hart, Merwin K. (Merwin Kimball), 1881-
Title: Merwin K. Hart papers
Dates: 1929-1962 ( inclusive )
Quantity: 8.0 linear feet (8 containers)
Collection Number: Coll 121
Summary: Merwin K. Hart (1881-1962) was a lawyer and political figure who founded the New York State Economic Council. The collection contains records from the National Economic Council.
Repository: Special Collections and University Archives, University of Oregon Libraries

1299 University of Oregon
Eugene, Oregon, 97403-1299
(541) 346-3068
spcarref@uoregon.edu

Languages: Collection materials are in English. 
Sponsor: Funding for encoding this finding aid was provided through a grant awarded by the National Endowment for the Humanities.

Historical Note

Merwin K. Hart was born in 1881 in Utica, New York and educated at Harvard University from which he was graduated in 1904. He read law and was admitted to the New York bar in 1911. In 1914, he formed the Utica Mutual Workmen's Compensation Insurance Company, later the Utica Mutual Insurance Company.

After service in World War I, Hart became increasingly concerned about the problems of government spending and taxation. With James W. Gerard, Hart planned and held the New York State-wide Economic Congress in April, 1929 in order to discuss and search for solutions to those problems. The 1929 economic congress appointed the Committee of Twenty-Five that reorganized in 1931 as the New York State Economic Council with Hart as its president. It was dedicated to the twin goals of lowering taxes and reducing government spending. In 1943, the name was changed to the National Economic Council and actively promoted conservativism in politics and economics.

Although Hart and Franklin Roosevelt were Harvard schoolmates and acquaintances, the two were often great distances apart. Hart, in spite of his service on the Governor's Budget Advisory Commission under Roosevelt, worked in opposition to Roosevelt and his programs.

Hart was also a member of Robert Welch's John Birch Society and served as the head of the New York City Branch until his death in 1962.

Content Description

The Merwin K. Hart Papers consist almost entirely of records of the National Economic Council, its predecessor, the New York State Economic Council, and the spinoff organizations such as the Committee for the Revival of Private Enterprise of which Hart was also the head. The records include information on meetings, publications, addresses, correspondence, statements to Congressional committees, position papers, internal committee files, and reports of Hart's European trips. Of special interest are the files the House Select Committee on Lobbying Activities (the Buchanan Committee) which investigated the National Economic Council in 1950.

The files also include records of the Educational Advisory Committee, which prepared reports on the school systems of Little Falls, New York, and Niagara Falls, New York, as well as reports on social science textbooks (particularly those by Harold Rugg) and on an economics textbook written by Lorie Tarshis.

Major correspondents include Flamen Ball, John B. Bently, William F. Buckley, Jr., Martin Dies, Frank E. Gannett, James H. Gipson, Robert LeFevre, Manuel Maestro, Benjamin Minifie, J. Earl Schaefer, Samuel M. Shoemaker, Robert A. Taft, J. Howard Pew, A. K. Chesterton, George W. Robnett, and Gerald L. K. Smith.

Use of the Collection

Restrictions on Access :  

Collection is open to the public.

Collection must be used in Special Collections & University Archives Reading Room.

Restrictions on Use :  

Property rights reside with Special Collections & University Archives, University of Oregon Libraries. Copyright resides with the creators of the documents or their heirs. All requests for permission to publish collection materials must be submitted to Special Collections & University Archives. The reader must also obtain permission of the copyright holder.

Archival material may contain materials with sensitive or confidential information that is protected under federal and/or state right to privacy laws and other regulations.

Researchers are advised that the disclosure of certain information pertaining to identifiable living individuals represented in this collection without the consent of those individuals may have legal ramifications (e.g. a cause of action for invasion of privacy may arise if facts concerning an individual's private life are published that would be deemed highly offensive to a reasonable person) for which the University of Oregon assumes no responsibility.

If a researcher finds sensitive personal information in a collection, please bring it to the attention of the reading room staff.

Preferred Citation :  

[Identification of item], Merwin K. Hart Papers, Coll 121, Special Collections & University Archives, University of Oregon Libraries, Eugene, Oregon.

Administrative Information

Arrangement :

Collection is organized into the following series:

  • National Economic Council material
  • Personal material

Processing Note :  

Collection processed by manuscripts processor.

This finding aid may be updated periodically to account for new acquisitions to the collection and/or revisions in arrangement and description.

Additional Reference Guides :  

Paper finding aid with additional information available in Special Collections & University Archives.

Separated Materials :  

Broadsides in this collection are stored separately in the Broadside Collection.


Detailed Description of the Collection

Series:  National Economic Council material, undated
Container(s)
Description
Dates
Box
Folder
1 1 NY Economic Council, Statewide Council on Public Expenditures Meeting June 10, 1932
1 2 NY Economic Council Meeting February, 4, 1932
1 3 NY Economic Council Meeting Dec 15. 1932
1 4 NY Economic Council Meeting April 17, 1933
1 5 NY Economic Council Meeting June 14, 1932
1 6 NY Economic Council Meeting November 10, 1933
1 7 NY Economic Council Meeting December 16. 1935
1 8 NY Economic Council, Mass Meeting for America November 29, 1939
1 9 NY Economic Council, Lincoln Incentive System Meeting September 21, 1944
1 10 National Economic Council, Ignacio Cojendio Meeting March 23, 1948
1 11 NY Economic Council Membership Letters A-E 1933
1 12 NY Economic Council Membership Letters F-O 1933
1 13 NY Economic Council Membership Letters P-W 1933
1 14 Miscellaneous Letters and Plans undated
1 15 NY Economic Council Publicity Material undated
1 16 National Economic Council Open letters undated
1 17 National Economic Council News Releases undated
1 18 Book: New York State Wide Economic Congress Committee of Twenty Five New York State Budget Advisory Committee Reports April 1929-December 23, 1933
1 19 National Economic Council Publications 1 undated
1 20 National Economic Council Publications 2 undated
1 21 National Economic Council Publications 4, “M. K. Hart, American” undated
1 22 National Economic Council Publications 5 undated
1 23 National Economic Council Addresses 1932-1935
1 24 National Economic Council Addresses 1936-1940
1 25 National Economic Council Addresses 1941-1960
1 26 National Economic Council Addresses 1936
1 27 National Economic Council Addresses Binghamton, NY December 13, 1939
2 1 Radio Addresses undated
2 2 Radio Addresses February 19, 1933
2 3 Radio Address WSYR- Syracuse March 26, 1933
2 4 Radio Address by Mjr. Gen. J.F.O’ry April 4, 1933
2 5 Radio Addresses August 10, 1933
2 6 Radio Address by Merwin K. Hart March 2, 1934
2 7 Radio Address by MKH April 8, 1934
2 8 Radio Address by MKH July 30, 1934
2 9 Radio Talk by MKH September 18, 1934
2 10 Radio Debate MKH and Arthur Garfield Hays January 25, 1935
2 11 Radio Address MKH “Child Labor Amendment” January 27, 1935
2 12 Radio Talk Gen. J. F. O’Ryan February 27, 1935
2 13 Radio Address MKH Public Affairs Council February 18, 1935
2 14 Radio Talk MKH March 15, 1935
2 15 Radio Talk MKH November 2, 1935
2 16 Debate, Town Hall MKH vs. Sen. Hugo Black December 5, 1935
2 17 Debate, “Shall we Ratify the Child Labor Amendment” January 26, 1936
2 18 Radio Broadcast MKH “The Waste of Taxpayer Money” February 15, 1936
2 19 Radio Broadcast MKH “Relief” November 16, 1938
2 20 Radio Broadcast MKH “Threat to Private Enterprise” January 11. 1938
2 21 Broadcast “On the Revival of Private Enterprise” MKH undated
2 22 Private Enterprise Broadcast A=Arizona thru C=Conneticut June 11, 1937
2 23 Private Enterprise Broadcast F=Florida thru L=Louisianna June 11, 1937
2 24 Private Enterprise Broadcast M=Maine thru Montana undated
2 25 Private Enterprise Broadcast O=Ohio thru P=Pennsylvania undated
2 26 Private Enterprise Broadcast N=Nebraska thru North Dakota undated
2 27 NEC Correspondence, American Union for Nationalist Spain undated
2 28 National Economic Council, Correspondence A undated
2 29 NEC Correspondence B undated
2 30 NEC Correspondence Ball, Flamen undated
2 31 NEC Correspondence Bandak, Yusif undated
2 32 NEC Correspondence Bentley, John B. undated
2 33 NEC Correspondence British Broadcasts undated
2 34 NEC Correspondence Buckley, William F. undated
2 35 NEC Correspondence C undated
2 36 NEC Correspondence D undated
2 37 NEC Correspondence Cavalry Church, NYC undated
2 38 NEC Correspondence Carlson, John Roy (Review in NY Times) undated
2 39 NEC Correspondence Dies Committee 1940
2 40 NEC Correspondence DuPont, S. undated
2 41 NEC Correspondence E,F undated
2 42 NEC Correspondence Flynn, John T. undated
2 43 NEC Correspondence Foundation for Freedom undated
2 44 NEC Correspondence Friends of Democracy undated
2 45 NEC Correspondence G undated
2 46 NEC Correspondence Gannett, Frank undated
3 1 NEC Correspondence Gipson, James H. undated
3 2 NEC Correspondence Gipson, James H., Sale and Distribution/Cecil Palmer’s Book undated
3 3 NEC Correspondence H,I,J,K undated
3 4 NEC Correspondence L undated
3 5 NEC Correspondence Lafarge, John undated
3 6 NEC Correspondence Lefevre, Robert undated
3 7 NEC Correspondence M undated
3 8 NEC Correspondence Maestro, Manuel undated
3 9 NEC Correspondence Minifie, Benjamin undated
3 10 NEC Correspondence National Association of Manufacturers undated
3 11 NEC Correspondence National Rifle Association undated
3 12 NEC Correspondence N,O,P undated
3 13 NEC Correspondence Pearson, Drew undated
3 14 NEC Correspondence R undated
3 15 NEC Correspondence Radio Broadcasts undated
3 16 NEC Correspondence Republican National Committee undated
3 17 NEC Correspondence Republican Party undated
3 18 NEC Correspondence Roosevelt, Eleanor undated
3 19 NEC Correspondence S undated
3 20 NEC Correspondence Schaefer, J. Earl undated
3 21 NEC Correspondence Schoenfeld, Dave undated
3 22 NEC Correspondence Schuyler, George S. undated
3 23 NEC Correspondence Shoemaker, Samuel undated
3 24 NEC Correspondence T undated
3 25 NEC Correspondence Taft, Robert A. undated
3 26 NEC Correspondence Tague, Otto G. undated
3 27 NEC Correspondence The Times, NY undated
3 28 NEC Correspondence United World Federalists undated
3 29 NEC Correspondence U,V undated
3 30 NEC Correspondence W,X,Y,Z undated
3 31 NEC Correspondence Webster, Mrs. Arthur undated
3 32 NEC Correspondence (Re: World Revolution) Wirt, F.A. undated
3 33 NEC Correspondence Wood, Robert E. undated
3 34 NEC, Letters to Editors undated
3 35 NEC, Position Papers Full Employment Bill undated
3 36 NEC, Position Papers European Recovery Plan undated
3 37 NEC, Position Papers Immigration Europe undated
3 38 NEC, Position Papers Immigration Europe 1944
3 39 NEC, Position Papers International Monetary Fund undated
3 40 NEC, Position Papers LaFollette Committee undated
3 41 NEC, Position Papers Third War Powers Bill undated
3 42 NEC, Statements to Congress 1 undated
3 43 NEC, Statements to Congress 2 undated
3 44 NEC, Statements to Congress 3 undated
3 45 NEC, Statements to Legislature undated
3 46 NEC, Statements to Republican Party undated
4 1 Portugal, MKH Trip undated
4 2 England, MKH Trip undated
4 3 MKH Correspondence England 1948
4 4 MKH Spain Trip 1948
4 5 MKH Europe Trip Miscellaneous 1948
4 6 MKH Trip France 1948
4 7 MKH Germany Trip correspondence 1953
4 8 MKH Portugal Trip 1955
4 9 MKH France Trip 1955
4 10 MKH Germany Trip 1957
4 11 MKH Spain Trip 1957
4 12 Reports of European Trips undated
4 13 MKH Trip Caldwell, Idaho 1952
4 14 MKH Trip Seattle, WA 1952
4 15 NY Economic Council, Committee for American Private Enterprise 1937
4 16 National Economic Council, Committees of correspondence 1944
4 17 NEC Educational Advisory Plans/Statements 1933-1934
4 18 NY Economic Council Educational Advisory Committee Carnegie Application undated
4 19 NY Economic Council, Educational Advisory Committee, Correspondence/Reports 1933-1934
4 20 NYEC EAC Correspondence C.O. Davis undated
4 21 NYEC EAC Correspondence, F.E. Spaulding undated
4 22 NYEC EAC Inquiries 1934-1935
4 23 NYEC EAC Little Falls NY Report 1934
4 24 NYEC EAC Little Falls Requests undated
4 25 NYEC EAC Niagara Falls Report 1934-1935
4 26 NYEC EAC Niagara Falls Report 1935
4 27 NYEC EAC New York City Education undated
4 28 NYEC EAC Social Science Textbook Invest undated
5 1 N.Y. Economic Council, Tarshis Textbook Case 1947-1948
5 2 N.Y. Economic Council, Tarshis Textbook Case c21 1948-1949
5 3 N.Y. Economic Council, Educational Advisory Committee, N.Y. Appropriation Hearing 1934
5 4 N.Y. Economic Council, Educational Advisory Committee, State Aid to Ed. 1935
5 5 N.Y. Economic Council, Educational Advisory Committee, “What Price Education”—Pam undated
5 6 N.E.C., House Investigation, corresp. with committee members 1950
5 7 N.E.C., House Investigation, Statement 6/28. Transcripts 6/6-20-21-28 1950
5 8 N.E.C., House Investigation, Analysis of N.E.C. Contributions undated
5 9 N.E.C., House Investigation, Memos, Statements, Etc. 1950
5 10 N.E.C., House Investigation, Miscellaneous correspondence 1950
5 11 N.E.C., House Investigation, Re “In Fact” Statement undated
5 12 N.E.C., House Investigation, General Interim Report 1950
5 13 N.E.C., House Investigation, Re American Enterprise Association 1950
5 14 N.E.C., House Investigation, Clippings, Broadcasts, Etc. 1950
5 15 Article Manuscripts undated
5 16 Obituaries, Photos, Mementos undated
5 17 N.E.C., Clippings undated
5 loose 7 Miscellaneous Congress Hearing Publications undated
6 loose Five scrapbooks undated
7 loose Four scrapbooks, bound undated
7 loose One scrapbook, loose sheets undated
7 loose One Poster, Mass Meeting for America: Congressman Martin Dies undated
8 1 Correspondence—A undated
8 2 Correspondence—Al-Dujaili undated
8 3 Correspondence—American Colony Aid Association undated
8 4 Correspondence—Anti-Detamation League undated
8 5 Correspondence—Dick, Carl P. undated
8 6 Correspondence—B undated
8 7 Correspondence—Browne, Edward R. undated
8 8 Correspondence—C undated
8 9 Correspondence—D undated
8 10 Correspondence—Donner, Robert undated
8 11 Correspondence—Dunn, Rogers undated
8 12 Correspondence—E,F undated
8 13 Correspondence—Fellers, Bonner undated
8 14 Correspondence—G undated
8 15 Correspondence—Goethe, C.M. undated
8 16 Correspondence—Gulf Oil Corporation undated
8 17 Correspondence—Harnischfeger, Walter undated
8 18 Correspondence—Harvard University undated
8 19 Correspondence—H,I,J undated
8 20 Correspondence—K undated
8 21 Correspondence—Korda, Geza undated
8 22 Correspondence—L,M undated
8 23 Correspondence—N,O,P undated
8 24 Correspondence—Pew, J. Howard undated
8 25 Correspondence—R undated
8 26 Correspondence—Reed, Douglas undated
8 27 Correspondence—Robnett, George W. undated
8 28 Correspondence—Spain undated
8 29 Correspondence—Spain-Letter to Summer Wells undated
8 30 Correspondence—Stafsing, Ivar undated
8 31 Correspondence—Stewart, John F. undated
8 32 Correspondence—S undated
8 33 Correspondence—T undated
8 34 Correspondence—U undated
8 35 Correspondence—V,W undated
8 36 Correspondence—Webster, Nesta (Mrs. Arthur H.) undated
8 37 Correspondence—Willoughby, Charles A. undated
8 38 Correspondence—Wood, Robert E. undated
8 39 Correspondence—Skorzeny, Otto (Supplement II) October 1970
8 40 Biographical, In Memoriam Recollections undated
8 41 Merwin K. Hart Award Dinner May 10, 1972

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Broadsides
1.0 item

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Subjects

  • Personal Names :
  • Ball, Flamen.
  • Bently, John B.
  • Buckley, William F. (William Frank), 1925-
  • Chesterton, A. K. (Arthur Kenneth)
  • Dies, Martin, 1900-1972
  • Gannett, Frank E. (Frank Ernest), 1876-1957
  • Gipson, James H.
  • Goethe, C. M. (Charles Matthias), 1875-1966
  • LeFevre, Robert, 1911-
  • Maestro, Manuel
  • Pew, J. Howard (John Howard), 1882-1971
  • Robnett, George W. (George Washington), 1890-1970
  • Schaefer, J. Earl
  • Shoemaker, Samuel M. (Samuel Moor), 1893-1963
  • Smith, Gerald L. K. (Gerald Lyman Kenneth), 1898-
  • Taft, Robert A. (Robert Alphonso), 1889-1953
  • Corporate Names :
  • John Birch Society
  • National Economic Council (U.S.)
  • United States. Congress. House. Select Committee on Lobbying Activities
  • Subject Terms :
  • Communism in education
  • Conservatism--Economic aspects
  • Conservatism--United States
  • Economic councils

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