Guide to the Esther Morse Papers
1921-1976

Print this Finding Aid | Email this Finding Aid


Results

Overview of the Collection

Creator: Morse, Esther, 1898-1975
Title: Esther Morse papers
Dates: 1921-1976 ( inclusive )
Quantity: 16.0 linear feet (45 containers)
Collection Number: Ax 860
Summary: Esther Morse (1898-1975) was a medical missionary in China and Pakistan. The collection contains correspondence, diaries, speeches, biographical information, scrapbooks, and photographs that offer a detailed picture of the experiences of a medical missionary woman whose life intersected with some of the most significant transitions in 20th century China and Pakistan.
Repository: Special Collections and University Archives, University of Oregon Libraries

1299 University of Oregon
Eugene, Oregon, 97403-1299
(541) 346-3068
spcarref@uoregon.edu

Languages: Collection materials are in English. 
Sponsor: Funding for encoding this finding aid was provided through a grant awarded by the National Endowment for the Humanities.

Historical Note

Born in Dustin, Nebraska, 1898, Esther Malinda Morse was a physician and spent a lifetime serving the Presbyterian Church as a missionary doctor in China, India, and Pakistan. Morse attended Hastings College and the University of Nebraska College of Medicine. She obtained her medical degree in 1930 and entered the Presbyterian Missionary Society. She arrived in Kachek on Hainan Island (off the southern coast of China) in the fall of 1930. She learned Cantonese and spent much of the next twelve years on the island. Morse had specialized in obstetrics in medical school. Consequently, most of her patients were women and young children, in particular, expectant mothers and their newborns. Morse's papers indicate that the majority of her work was medical rather than evangelical.

In December 1940, the Japanese Army placed Morse, along with other American missionaries in Hainan, under arrest as prisoners of war. In her letters, Morse recounts this experience as well as her exchange and repatriation in 1942.(NOTE: She was pictured with 47 other persons in Life Magazine of May 19, 1942, who were believed to be among the 200 Americans held captive). Morse did not stay long in the United States. By 1944, after touring the U.S. raising support for overseas missionaries, Morse again set out to return to China. She suffered health problems and spent much of 1944 convalescing in Miraj hospital in Calcutta, India. The Presbytery assigned her to stay in India until January of 1946 when she returned to China. Initially, she worked in Canton (Guangzhou) before finally returning to Hoihow (Haikou) on Hainan Island.

After spending almost three years confined to her hospital by the communist government, Morse left China in 1953 and obtained a new assignment that sent her to Lahore in western Pakistan. She remained there until 1963 when she retired from missionary work and returned to the United States. She lived in Washington State until her death in 1975.

Content Description

The Esther Morse Papers offer a detailed picture of the experiences of a medical missionary woman whose life intersected with some of the most significant transitions in 20th century China, India, and Pakistan. This collection is remarkably comprehensive. It includes material that documents her 33-year career despite the fact that Morse spent two years as a prisoner of war, underwent repatriation, and subsequently lived under the new communist state established in China. For these reasons, the Morse Papers offer insights into political unrest, the acculturation of Americans (and lack thereof), as well as broader social, economic, and political transitions.

Esther Morse specialized in women's health and her first assignment was to a new hospital in Kacheck, Hainan. There, she cared for women and young children; especially expectant mothers and their newborn babies. Indeed, her letters are filled with descriptions of watching over ill children, encouraging first-time postpartum mothers, and determining what new illness afflicted local residents. These vignettes fill Morse letters to her family and friends, and the letters themselves constitute perhaps the greatest resource this collection offers. Ruth Morse Parkhurst, who donated parts of this collection in 1980, typed copies of Morse's letters, which amount to over 2000 pages and cover Morse's entire missionary career. (The original letters are also part of this collection.) These letters are invaluable because they connect to and contextualize other parts of the collection. In them, for example, Morse referred to photographs she took at the time. Morse also drew out highlights from her diaries; and she repeated portions of reports or other letters while adding new and more immediate information.

The earliest documents include papers and essays from Morse's undergraduate years as well as her student loans. Morse borrowed almost $2,000 from the Presbyterian Church to pay for her medical training and she repaid this dept through her service to the church as a medical missionary. These essays offer insights into Morse's background and training prior to her commitment to missionary work. Indeed, Morse's "western" medical training is evident in her letters and reports to family and administrators in the U.S. She described analyzing and testing samples taken from patients in order to identify their afflictions and innovate on how to treat them. She sent reports to the main hospital in Haihow (and beyond, such as the hospital in Canton). Morse expressed her faith in scientific methods and her goal to institute these techniques among the locally hired, Chinese medical staff. Moreover, Morse described the obstetrics classes that she offered new and expectant mothers, classes that presumably intended to teach Chinese mothers how to care for their babies using "western" methods and practices.

Morse's efforts to institute medical and mothering practices familiar to her are indicative of how her work differed from that of other missionaries. Rather than seeking religious converts, Morse proselytized scientific methods to people she viewed as uninitiated. In some of her earliest remarks on the Hainanese, she compared them to people from the Old Testament. She admitted her romantic expectations of the "Orient" were quickly dispelled by reality and the "dirt and smells" of daily life. Such impressions highlight the social (and cultural) differences separating Morse and other missionaries from the locals with whom and among whom they worked. For example, Morse expressed outrage over Hainanese attitudes towards girl infants. She discussed one case surrounding the adoption of a baby girl whose birth mother said she could only bring a boy baby home to her husband. Morse's viewpoint on these attitudes was perhaps informed by her involvement with the woman's movement and her participation in meetings of the International Women's Clubs (in Canton). Other attitudes were informed by cultural biases. It is unclear if Morse mastered Cantonese during her long missionary career. And, apparently, Morse rarely ate local food; she preferred instead to employ a Hainanese cook to prepare American dishes (and had to eat local foods in 1946 when she couldn't find a good cook). Morse comments on the cleanliness of locals, and she notes her fatigue with training the Chinese hospital staffs. These papers indicate that Morse never entirely abandoned notions of the foreignness or "Orientalism" of the Hainanese.

The Morse Papers are useful beyond both the day-to-day life of a medical missionary and the social transitions she experienced. Morse offered insights into the civil and political unrest that plagued Hainan from the 1920s to the 1940s. She opposed the communists and she noted attacks and battles involving the Kuo Min Tang (Guomindang) throughout the 1930s. Morse also offered detailed descriptions of the impact that the full-scale Japanese invasion had on missionaries and locals as well as her experiences as a prisoner of war and her exchange and repatriation in 1942. Once she returned to Hainan, Morse commented on the communist consolidation of political control in that region. Like other missionaries, Morse encountered opposition in the new communist government. (NOTE: Other American missionaries held by the Chinese government during the early communist period include John Hayes. Information about him is included in the collection of Barbara Hayes (A 296), also housed in Special Collections & University Archives, University of Oregon Libraries). In 1950, the Chinese government confined her to the Hainan hospital where she worked, and forced her to sever all communication with the outside. Finally, in 1953, the Chinese government released Morse. She returned to the U.S., sought a new assignment and set out for Pakistan in 1954.

Understandably, Morse's concern with political events stemmed from what impact they had on her life. Therefore, the Morse Papers are not detailed with regard to the major political figures of Hainan, Miraj (India), or Lahore (Pakistan). The collection is not as thorough for Morse's Indian and Pakistani eras. She spent little time in India while convalescing. Morse remained in Pakistan until 1963. She began work in Landour at Ferozepur Hospital where she continued to work in women's medicine, including gynecology and prenatal clinical work. Morse offered comments on and observations of Islam in Pakistan, yet, mostly, her letters are filled with descriptions of travel, daily life (like shopping), and stories about other missionaries. Morse retired from missionary work in 1963.

Other material relating to the life of Esther Morse can be found in the Ruth Morse Parkhurst Papers, Coll 228, in Special Collections & University Archives, University of Oregon.

Use of the Collection

Restrictions on Access :  

Collection is open to the public.

Collection must be used in Special Collections & University Archives Reading Room.

Alternative Forms Available :  

Partially available in microfilm as part of: Women's lives. Series 3, American women missionaries and pioneers collection (MICROFILM BV3703 .W66 2006, reel 26-48); Primary Source Microfilm, 12 Lunar Dr., Woodbridge, Conn. 06525.

Restrictions on Use :  

Property rights reside with Special Collections & University Archives. Copyright resides with the creators of the documents or their heirs. All requests for permission to publish collection materials must be submitted to Special Collections & University Archives. The reader must also obtain permission of the copyright holder.

Archival material may contain materials with sensitive or confidential information that is protected under federal and/or state right to privacy laws and other regulations.

Researchers are advised that the disclosure of certain information pertaining to identifiable living individuals represented in this collection without the consent of those individuals may have legal ramifications (e.g. a cause of action for invasion of privacy may arise if facts concerning an individual's private life are published that would be deemed highly offensive to a reasonable person) for which the University of Oregon assumes no responsibility.

If a researcher finds sensitive personal information in a collection, please bring it to the attention of the reading room staff.

Preferred Citation :  

[Identification of item], Esther Morse Papers, Ax 860, Special Collections & University Archives, University of Oregon, Eugene, Oregon.

Administrative Information

Arrangement :

Collection is organized into the following series:

Series I: Correspondence; Subseries A: Outgoing Original Letters and Outgoing Typed Letters; Subseries B: Incoming Letters

Series II: Diaries

Series III: Speeches and Publications; Subseries A: Speeches; Subseries B: Publications

Series IV: Biographical and Personal Materials

Series V: Scrapbook and Photograph Albums

Series VI: Photographs; Subseries A: Prints; Subseries B: Negatives

Series VII: Miscellaneous

Series VIII: Oversize

Acquisition Information :  

Gift of Esther Morse, donated between 1970 and 1975, and of Ruth Morse Parkhurst, in 1980.


Detailed Description of the Collection

Series I:  Correspondence

The correspondence is grouped into two subseries. Subseries A consists of Esther Morse's outgoing correspondence divided into her terms of service. Within this subseries, there are two groups of letters. The first group consists of Morse's original correspondence; the second group consists of typed copies of the originals. Subseries B consists of incoming correspondence arranged in alphabetical order from sender according to last name. These letters provide a detailed insight into the daily life of a missionary worker, and sheds light into Morse's attitude toward her co-workers and patients as she interacts with them through her work. They also touch lightly on the political conflicts that were present during the time of the letters.

Container(s)
Description
Dates
Subseries A: Outgoing Original Letters and Outgoing Typed letters
Outgoing Original letters
Box
Folder
1 1 Correspondence, Term I 1930-1934
1 2 Correspondence, Term I 1934-1938
1 3 Correspondence, Term II 1937-1938
1 4 Correspondence, Term II 1938
1 5 Correspondence, Term II 1938
1 6 Correspondence, Term II 1938
1 7 Correspondence, Term II 1938
1 8 Correspondence, Term II 1938
1 9 Correspondence, Term II 1939
1 10 Correspondence, Term II 1939
1 11 Correspondence, Term II 1939
1 12 Correspondence, Term II 1939
1 13 Correspondence, Term II 1939
1 14 Correspondence, Term II 1939-1940
1 15 Correspondence, Term II 1940
1 16 Correspondence, Term II 1940
1 17 Correspondence, Term II 1940
1 18 Correspondence, Term II 1940
1 19 Correspondence, Term II 1940
1 20 Correspondence, Term II 1940
1 21 Correspondence, Term II 1940-1941
1 22 Correspondence, Term II 1941
1 23 Correspondence, Term II 1941
1 24 Correspondence, Term II 1941
1 25 Correspondence, Term II 1941
1 26 Correspondence, Term II 1941
1 27 Correspondence, interim data 1941-1943
1 28 Correspondence, Term III 1942-1944
1 29 Correspondence, Term III 1944
1 30 Correspondence, Term III 1944
1 31 Correspondence, Term III 1944-1945
1 32 Correspondence, Term III 1945
2 1 Correspondence, Term III 1945
2 2 Correspondence, Term III 1945
2 3 Correspondence, Term III 1945
2 4 Correspondence, Term III 1945-1946
2 5 Correspondence, Term III 1946
2 6 Correspondence, Term III 1946
2 7 Correspondence, Term III 1946
2 8 Correspondence, Term III 1946-1947
2 9 Correspondence, Term III 1947
2 10 Correspondence, Term III 1947-1948
2 11 Correspondence, Term III 1948
2 12 Correspondence, Term III 1948
2 13 Correspondence, interim data 1948-1949
2 14 Correspondence, Term IV 1949
2 15 Correspondence, Term IV 1950
2 16 Correspondence, Term IV 1950
2 17 Correspondence, Term IV 1950
2 18 Correspondence, Term IV 1950-1951
2 19 Correspondence, Term IV 1951
2 20 Correspondence, Term IV 1951
2 21 Correspondence, Term IV 1951-1952
2 22 Correspondence, Term IV 1952
2 23 Correspondence, Term IV 1952
2 24 Correspondence, Term IV 1952
2 25 Correspondence, Term IV 1952
2 26 Correspondence, Term IV 1952-1953
2 27 Correspondence, Term IV 1953
2 28 Correspondence, interim data 1954
2 29 Correspondence, Term V 1954
2 30 Correspondence, Term V 1954-1955
2 31 Correspondence, Term V 1955
2 32 Correspondence, Term V 1956
2 33 Correspondence, Term V 1956
2 34 Correspondence, Term V 1956-1957
2 35 Correspondence, Term V 1957
2 36 Correspondence, Term V 1957
3 1 Correspondence, Term V 1957
3 2 Correspondence, Term V 1958
3 3 Correspondence, Term V 1958-1959
3 4 Correspondence, Term V 1959
3 5 Correspondence, Term V 1960
3 6 Correspondence, Term V 1960
3 7 Correspondence, Term V 1960
3 8 Correspondence, interim data 1960
3 9 Correspondence, Term VI 1960
3 10 Correspondence, Term VI 1961
3 11 Correspondence, Term VI 1961
3 12 Correspondence, Term VI 1961-1962
3 13 Correspondence, Term VI 1962
3 14 Correspondence, Term VI 1962-1963
3 15 Correspondence, Term VI 1963
3 16 Correspondence, Term VI 1963
3 17 Correspondence, newsletters 1965
Outgoing Typed letters
Box
Folder
3 18 Correspondence, Term I 1930
3 19 Correspondence, Term I 1930
3 20 Correspondence, Term I 1930
3 21 Correspondence, Term I 1930-1931
3 22 Correspondence, Term I 1931
3 23 Correspondence, Term I 1931
3 24 Correspondence, Term I 1931
3 25 Correspondence, Term I 1931
3 26 Correspondence, Term I 1931
3 27 Correspondence, Term I 1931
3 28 Correspondence, Term I 1932
3 29 Correspondence, Term I 1932
3 30 Correspondence, Term I 1932
3 31 Correspondence, Term I 1932
3 32 Correspondence, Term I 1932
3 33 Correspondence, Term I 1932
3 34 Correspondence, Term I 1933
4 1 Correspondence, Term I 1933
4 2 Correspondence, Term I 1933
4 3 Correspondence, Term I 1933
4 4 Correspondence, Term I 1933
4 5 Correspondence, Term I 1934
4 6 Correspondence, Term I 1934
4 7 Correspondence, Term I 1934
4 8 Correspondence, Term I 1934
4 9 Correspondence, Term I 1934
4 10 Correspondence, Term I 1934-1935
4 11 Correspondence, Term I 1935
4 12 Correspondence, Term I 1935
4 13 Correspondence, Term I 1935
4 14 Correspondence, Term I 1935
4 15 Correspondence, Term I 1936
4 16 Correspondence, interim notes, Term I 1936-1937
4 17 Correspondence, Term II 1937
4 18 Correspondence, Term II 1938
4 19 Correspondence, Term II 1938
4 20 Correspondence, Term II 1938
4 21 Correspondence, Term II 1938
4 22 Correspondence, Term II 1939
4 23 Correspondence, Term II 1939
4 24 Correspondence, Term II 1939
4 25 Correspondence, Term II 1939-1940
4 26 Correspondence, Term II 1940
4 27 Correspondence, Term II 1940
4 28 Correspondence, Term II 1940
4 29 Correspondence, Term II 1940-1941
4 30 Correspondence, Term II 1941
4 31 Correspondence, Term II 1941
4 32 Correspondence, Term II 1941
4 33 Correspondence, interim data, Term II 1941
4 34 Correspondence, Term II 1943-1944
4 35 Correspondence, Term II 1944
4 36 Correspondence, Term II 1944
4 37 Correspondence, Term II 1945
4 38 Correspondence, Term II 1945
4 39 Correspondence, Term II 1945-1946
5 1 Correspondence, Term III 1946
5 2 Correspondence, Term III 1946
5 3 Correspondence, Term III 1946-1947
5 4 Correspondence, Term III 1947
5 5 Correspondence, Term III 1947-1948
5 6 Correspondence, Term III 1948
5 7 Correspondence, interim data, Term III 1948-1949
5 8 Correspondence, Term IV 1949-1950
5 9 Correspondence, Term IV 1950
5 10 Correspondence, Term IV 1950-1951
5 11 Correspondence, Term IV 1951
5 12 Correspondence, Term IV 1951-1952
5 13 Correspondence, Term IV 1952
5 14 Correspondence, Term IV 1952
5 15 Correspondence, Term IV 1952-1953
5 16 Correspondence, interim data, Term IV 1953-1954
5 17 Correspondence, Term V 1954
5 18 Correspondence, Term V 1955
6 1 Correspondence, Term V 1955
6 2 Correspondence, Term V 1955
6 3 Correspondence, Term V 1955
6 4 Correspondence, Term V 1955
6 5 Correspondence, Term V 1955-1956
6 6 Correspondence, Term V 1956
6 7 Correspondence, Term V 1956-1957
6 8 Correspondence, Term V 1957
6 9 Correspondence, Term V 1957
6 10 Correspondence, Term V 1957-1958
6 11 Correspondence, Term V 1958
6 12 Correspondence, Term V 1958-1959
6 13 Correspondence, Term V 1959
6 14 Correspondence, Term V 1959-1960
6 15 Correspondence, Term V 1960
6 16 Correspondence, interim data, Term V 1959-1960
6 17 Correspondence, Term VI 1960-1961
6 18 Correspondence, Term VI 1961
6 19 Correspondence, Term VI 1961-1962
6 20 Correspondence, Term VI 1962
6 21 Correspondence, Term VI 1962
6 22 Correspondence, Term VI 1962-1963
6 23 Correspondence, Term VI 1963
6 24 Correspondence, Term VI 1963
Subseries B: Incoming letters
Box
Folder
7 1 Correspondence A: Adams, Allison, Armentrout
7 2 Correspondence B: Baird, Bates
7 3 Correspondence B: Bavington, Baxter, Bixley
7 4 Correspondence B: Blair
7 5 Correspondence B: Blanford, Bogard
7 6 Correspondence B: Bowes, Brown
7 7 Correspondence B: Bucher, Buys
7 8 Correspondence C: Carden, Chan, Close, Clunaes
7 9 Correspondence C: Cooper
7 10 Correspondence C: Cassard, Community Hospital
7 11 Correspondence C: Costerisan December 15, 1968-December 15, 1971
7 12 Correspondence C: Costerisan Cox, Cummings January 15, 1972-August 15, 1974
7 13 Correspondence D, E: Das, Dunlop, Elshove
7 14 Correspondence E: Embudo Presbyterian Hospital
7 15 Correspondence F: Ferrel, Ferris
7 16 Correspondence F, G: Fyson, Garner, Geary, Glassman November 30, 1963-September 18, 1965
7 17 Correspondence G: Glassman January 8, 1966-October 5, 1969
7 18 Correspondence G: Glassman December 25, 1969-November 5, 1975
7 19 Correspondence G, H: Grace, Hamm, Harris
7 20 Correspondence H: Hayes, Heaton, Henderson, Hewitt, Hill, Hillis, Hobson, Hoves
7 21 Correspondence I, K, L: Isaac, King, Letze, Lewers
7 22 Correspondence L: Lewis, Lybarger
7 23 Correspondence M: Maclachlan, Mayhew
7 24 Correspondence M: McBane, Melrose
7 25 Correspondence M: Mangalam
7 26 Correspondence M: Manus, McCurry, Mcynell, Melrose
7 27 Correspondence M: Mitchell, Murray
8 1 Correspondence O: Old
8 2 Correspondence P: Palmmerenke, Porter, Price, Purdy
8 3 Correspondence R: Rambo, Ratzliff, Ray November 1971-October 1972
8 4 Correspondence, R: Ray, Ritze November 1972-March 10, 1976
8 5 Correspondence, R, S: Robertson, Roming, Schlorholtz, Seaton, Selby, Smith
8 6 Correspondence, S, T, V: Spiller, Su, Tewksbury, Thakurdas, Visscher
8 7 Correspondence, W: Wagner, Walker, Wilder
8 8 Correspondence, W: Williams, Wilson
8 9 Correspondence, W: Wilson
8 10 Correspondence, Y: Young, unknown

^ Return to Top

Series II:  Diaries, 1926-1976

The diaries include 12 small diary books that include brief entries that reflect mostly about weather and daily events. The diaries are hardcover and vary in size and color.

Container(s)
Description
Dates
Box
Folder
1 1 Diaries reproduced (typed copy) June 30-September 5, 1930
1 2 Diaries reproduced (typed copy) September 5-October 3, 1930
1 3 Diaries reproduced (typed copy) October 3, 1930-June 7, 1931
1 4 Diaries reproduced (typed copy) June 28, 1931-February 10, 1939
1 5 Loose sheets 1937-1938
1 6 Term I journal June 6-December 31, [1930]
1 7 Term II journal February 11, 1931-September 2, 1931
2 7 Diary 1925
2 7 Diary 1926-1930
2 7 Diary August 23, 1930-August 19, 1936
3 7 Diary 1931
3 7 Diary 1932
4 7 Diary 1933-1937
4 7 Diary 1938-1942
5 7 Diary 1943-1947
5 7 Diary 1953-1957
6 7 Diary 1958-1962
6 7 Diary 1963-1967
7 7 Diary 1973-1976

^ Return to Top

Series III:  Speeches and Publications

Morse's speeches and publications consist of two subseries: Subseries A contains speeches which are mostly typed copies of speeches given on a range of topics including, "The Arab-Israeli Situation" and "Women in Medicine". Subseries B: Publications, consists of published pamphlets, newsletters, missionary publications, and miscellaneous reports.

Container(s)
Description
Subseries A: Speeches
Box
Folder
1 1 Speech manuscripts, "The Arab-Israeli Situation"
1 2 Speech manuscripts, "Presbyterian Medical Services in the Southwest," "Report to the Woman's Association of the General Assembly," "Stewardship and Spiritual life," "Women and Medicine"
1 3 Speech manuscripts, untitled
1 4 Speech manuscripts, untitled
1 5 Speech manuscripts, untitled
1 6 Speech manuscripts, untitled
1 7 Speech manuscripts, untitled
1 8 Tear sheets, "Amebic Infection of the Vagina and Uterus"
Subseries B: Publications
Box
Folder
1 9 Published material
1 10 Published material
1 11 Published material
1 12 Published material
1 13 Published material
1 14 Published material
1 15 Published material
1 16 Published material
1 17 Published material
1 18 Published material
1 19 Published material
1 20 Published material
1 21 Published material--journals
1 22 Published material--journals
2 1 Newsletters
2 2 Newsletters
2 3 Newsletters
2 4 Newsletters
2 5 Newsletters
2 6 Newsletters
2 7 Newsletters
2 8 Newsletters
2 9 Newsletters
2 10 Newsletters
2 11 Newsletters
2 12 Newsletters
2 13 Newsletters
2 14 Newsletters
2 15 Newsletters
2 16 Newsletters
2 17 Newsletters
2 18 Newsletters
2 19 Newsletters
2 20 Newsletters
2 21 Newsletters
2 22 Newsletters
2 23 Newsletters
2 24 Newsletters
2 25 Newsletters
2 26 Newsletters
2 27 Newsletters
3 1 Newsletters
3 2 Newsletters
3 3 Newsletters
3 4 Newsletters
3 5 Newsletters
3 6 Newsletters
3 7 Newsletters
3 8 Newsletters
3 9 Newsletters
3 10 Newsletters
4 1 Reports
4 2 Reports
4 3 Reports
4 4 Reports
4 5 Reports
4 6 Reports
4 7 Reports
4 8 Reports
4 9 Reports
4 10 Reports
4 11 Reports
4 12 Reports
4 13 Reports
4 14 Reports
4 15 Reports
4 16 Reports
4 17 Reports
4 18 Reports
4 19 Reports
4 20 Reports
4 21 Reports
4 22 Reports
4 23 Reports
4 24 Pamphlets
4 25 Pamphlets
4 26 Pamphlets
4 27 Pamphlets
4 28 Pamphlets
4 29 Pamphlets
4 30 Pamphlets
4 31 Pamphlets
4 32 Pamphlets
4 33 Pamphlets
4 34 Pamphlets
4 35 Pamphlets
4 36 Pamphlets
4 37 Pamphlets

^ Return to Top

Series IV:  Biographical and personal material

Biographical and Personal Material includes Morse's degrees, recommendations, address books, passports, account books, high school notebooks, and some typed information about her missionary work. Its also includes her collection of items brought home from her travels overseas such as paper money.

Container(s)
Description
Dates
Box
Folder
1 1 Miscellaneous essays from high school and college
1 2 Miscellaneous essays from high school and college
1 3 Miscellaneous essays from high school and college
1 4 Miscellaneous essays from high school and college
1 5 Reading lists
1 6 Reading lists
1 7 Reading lists
1 8 Reading lists
1 9 Biographical information, miscellaneous
1 10 Language studies notebooks
1 11 Language studies notebooks
1 12 Language studies notebooks
1 13 Language studies notebooks
1 14 Language studies notebooks
1 15 Language studies notebooks
1 16 Language studies notebooks
1 17 Language studies notebooks
1 18 Language studies notebooks
1 19 Language studies notebooks
1 20 Language studies notebooks
1 21 Language studies notebooks
2 1 Missionary assignment information and missionary salary accounts 1921-1963
2 2 Miscellaneous
2 3 Other material--music
2 4 Address books
2 5 Address books
2 6 Address books
2 7 Address books
2 8 Account books 1957-1967
2 9 Account books
2 10 Miscellaneous books
2 11 Miscellaneous books
2 12 Miscellaneous books
3 1 Paper money
3 2 Paper money
3 3 Miscellaneous books
3 4 Miscellaneous books
3 5 Miscellaneous notebooks
3 6 Miscellaneous notebooks
3 7 Passports
3 8 Passports
3 9 Passports
3 10 Passports
3 11 Passports
3 12 Passports
3 13 Passports
3 14 Passports/vaccination certificates
3 15 Maps
3 16 Maps
3 17 Maps
3 18 Maps
4 1 Tourist information
4 2 Tourist information
4 3 Tourist information
4 4 Tourist information
4 5 Tourist information
4 6 Tourist information
4 7 Tourist information
4 8 Tourist information
4 9 Tourist information
4 10 Tourist information
4 11 Tourist information
4 12 Newspaper clippings and photocopied newspaper clippings

^ Return to Top

Series V:  Photograph and scrapbook albums

Scrapbooks and photograph albums were placed into a combined series because of the nature of the albums. Some of the photo albums also included items such as card and letters, while most of the scrapbooks also include pictures. This made it difficult to differentiate between the two.

Container(s)
Description
Dates
Box
1 Photograph album (portraits and people) circa 1942-1952
Folder
2 1 Photograph album (portraits and people in the U.S.) circa 1953
2 1 Photograph album (people and landscapes in Hainan) circa 1926-1939
3 1 Photograph Album circa 1920-1926
4 1 Mora Valley Medical Unit slides and presentation circa 1968
5 1 "S.H.S. 1917" Portrait photograph album
5 1 Photo album (people-friends and medical school) 1928-1929
6 1 Address book-"Christmas Card List," 1967-1970
6 2 Guestbook 1960-1972
6 3 "Fotofolio," undated (includes photos of Southeast Asia)
7 1 Photograph album from Hainan circa 1934-1941
7 1 Scrapbook circa 1952-1959
8 1 Scrapbook, 1942-1954 (including repatriation materials)
9 1 Photograph album. Photos of Esther Morse 1900-1964
10 1 Scrapbook 1960-1970
11 1 Scrapbook 1928-1930
11 1 Scrapbook (including newspaper clippings) 1974-1975
12 1 Scrapbook (including some photos, letters, and newspaper clippings) 1953-1973
13 1 "Autographs" book 1907
14 1 Wood-covered "Guest book from Hainan," 1972-1975
14 1 Photo album 1957-1963
15 1 Hastings College scrapbook (including autobiography and photos) 1918-1922

^ Return to Top

Series VI:  Photographs

Photographs consist of two subseries. Subseries A, Prints, includes loose photos arranged separately into folders with a brief description taken from the back of the photograph. Series B, Negatives, are arranged in a similar manner, but are less extensive.

Container(s)
Description
Dates
Subseries A: Prints
Box
Folder
1 1 A Gibbon
1 2 Manor house
1 3 Turkish village girl
1 4 Model of Angkor Vat at old palace grounds
1 5 Chakni building
1 6 Buildings and monuments along corridor of paintings of eye of Buddha
1 7 Old palace grounds
1 8 The station escorts
1 9 Children on return trip
1 10 Ban An--the married people's village
1 11 Ban An--tile roofed cottage
1 12 Ban An--Leper colony thatch roofed cottage
1 13 Chakri building
1 14 God of medicine
1 15 Monument to Mong-kut
1 16 The Goodinberg residence
1 17 Amsterdam prints/postcards
1 18 The Beehe residence
1 19 The old hospital
1 20 The new hospital
1 21 A sugarcane press
1 22 A Thai bride and groom
1 23 The Gaft residence
1 24 A Thai village group
1 25 At Wat Po
1 26 Temple at Paknan
1 27 Temple of Emerald Buddha
1 28 Ernest and Hilda Goodenberger, Esther Morse, Maude and Curtis Galt
1 29 Kid group photo
1 30 Dr. and Mrs. Beach
1 31 The brass
1 32 Esther Morse on horse Maude
1 33 A village backyard
1 34 Mansehra looking toward Himalayas
1 35 Aerial view of United Christian Hospital
1 36 Sugarcane vendor
1 37 Amsterdam prints/postcards
1 38 Eoth, Zeenat, Gladys
1 39 Ms. Amreta Wadhawa
1 40 Philemena, Vida
1 41 Third class passengers
1 42 Missionary plastic surgery pictures
1 43 Missionary plastic surgery pictures
1 44 Christmas 1963
1 45 Kashmiri girls
1 46 Siddiqui family friends of Esther's
1 47 Work photo
1 48 Lt. Calnaru and family 1971
1 49 Uknown
1 50 Hospital
1 51 Children and carriers in basket chair
1 52 Patient and visitor in private room
1 53 Street vendor
1 54 Dr. and Mrs. Trimmer
1 55 Mrs. Bahn, Mrs. Benade, Forman Girls School
1 56 Rana Mahal School
1 57 Chandu Ray, Dr. Niva, Helen and Dr. Rice
1 58 Farewell tea for Dr. and Mrs. Trimmer
1 59 Kok-nai, wife and children, Siau-si and Mark
1 60 Ms. Naau and Louise
1 61 Louise
1 62 Siau-si and Mark
1 63 A street in Kowloon
1 64 Rev. Witt Clark and family
1 65 Doctors on Gripsholm, 1942 (1)
1 66 Doctors on Gripsholm, 1942 (2)
1 67 Pedi-cab Rauk
1 68 Dr. and Mrs. Trimmer with friend
1 69 1957, Dayak sisters
1 70 Dr. Lane 1957
1 71 Gulbarg 1956-1957
1 72 Helen Vas and friends 1956
1 73 Amial Peters 1957
1 74 Group photo 1956
1 75 Mr. and Mrs. Schlarhatt, Hope, and Esther 1957
1 76 In Shikarpun
1 77 Claude Ray, and Mrs. Ray with three older children
1 78 A village well
1 79 Graduation 1954
1 80 Dr. Trimmer, Dr. Carter, Mr. Zoerner, Ms. Heerma, Dr. Blcksme
1 81 Male surgical ward
1 82 Linen and sterile supplies
1 83 Joyce? Rosie?
1 84 Making up intravenous solutions
1 85 Dr. Rice by Fracture table
1 86 In I.V. Room, Niemah at right
1 87 The old sterilizers
1 88 Making surgical supplies
1 89 Ms. Tudy
1 90 Margaret M. Moninger?
2 1 The Clark house
2 2 Mountain children
2 3 Mountain women
2 4 Nepali women and children
2 5 Across the hills to the snow
2 6 Man smoking a hookah
2 7 Falls seen near road in Route Dehra Dun to Mussoorie
2 8 The Distant Peaks
2 9 The Mussoorie-Dehra Dun Road
2 10 The bus station at Mussoorie
2 11 A water carrier
2 12 Carrier and load
2 13 Kellogg Church-Laudaur
2 14 Frida EMS in office
2 15 Pacific grove on Monterey Peninsula
2 16 Road down from Mussoorie
2 17 After church crowd 1957
2 18 After church crowd 1957
2 19 1957
2 20 Mrs. Benade, Mrs. Irshad
2 21 1957
2 22 1957
2 23 Children who asked to have picture taken 1957
2 24 Erica Garner, Helen, Dot Dagenhart 1957
2 25 Dr. Voeie 1957
2 26 Merelie Robertson (center) 1957
2 27 1957
2 28 1957
2 29 Mrs. Sailer, Paulene, and Mrs. Ling
2 30 Esther and unknown person
2 31 Waiting at airport December 1957
2 32 Esther (left)
2 33 Bishop and Mrs. Rocken 1957
2 34 Mrs. Irshad and children
2 35 Mr. And Mrs. Hout Smith 1957
2 36 Doris Crawford-Frida Manns
2 37 Morse
2 38 Pub Health-Hilda Last and BimlaKhub Doss 1957
2 39 Hilda teaching lesson
2 40 Charcoal carrier
2 41 Overlooking the plain from Loudoun
2 42 Fotmabee
2 43 Happijabes
2 44 V-J Day-Miraj Hospital staff
2 45 Lake and Mause House-St. Julians 1960
2 46 Some of the nursing staff, Miraj
2 47 Medical students in classroom
2 48 Fourth year medical students
2 49 Fifth year medical students
2 50 V-J Day in Miraj
2 51 Sorting peanut 'foh' at Miraj Leprosarium
2 52 New clinic building-Miraj Leprosarium 1944
2 53 Esther Morse and Carrie Beagle
2 54 Christmas at Miraj Leprosarium 1944
2 55 Dr. White and Dr. Rice at surgery
2 56 Ms. Frolse, Esther Morse, and Dr. Masteker
2 57 Maternity Ward staff, Miraj
2 58 Family?
2 59 Ms. Last and Ms. Sheila Samuel
2 60 Ms. Ruth Thomas and patient
2 61 Niamah and Ms. Feenstra
2 62 H. Vas-anesthetist? 1956
2 63 The Ray boys, Mrs. Ray and Hilda 1956-1957
2 64 Nurses convocation, Dr. and Mrs. Trimmer
2 65 Market place in Laurenco Marques 1944
2 66 Stacys, Vida, Zeenat, Daisy, and Maryam
2 67 On Christmas Day 1956
2 68 Helen Masih, Millicent Dyay
2 69 Karen Maring and four elder Scheurman children
2 70 The Horton family-Karachi 1957
2 71 Mrs. Ewing, Ms. Taylor 1956
2 72 Balgia, Hamida, Nargis, Sheila K. Mall
2 73 Picnic on Canal Bank 1956
2 74 Cleaner
2 75 Cleaners and chankidars at Christmas party
2 76 Kitty card
2 77 Postcard
2 78 A room in the hospital
2 79 Postcard
2 80 Postcard, Hospital of the Crusaders
2 81 Morse waiting at airport
2 82 Morse in route to board plane 1957
2 83 In nursing library
2 84 The clube, Laurenco Marques
2 85 Group photo
2 86 The bus station
2 87 Siamese kittens-Horkow 1941
2 88 U.S. Consul and Mrs. Fisk 1955
2 89 Ms. Wadawa Mall 1955
2 90 Frieda and Marian 1955
3 1 Dr. Llewellyn, Dr. Rice, and Mr. Kesslar 1955
3 2 Ms. Wilson adjusting flower spray for bride-Khub Dass 1955
3 3 B. Mall, Ms. Wilson, Ms. K. Thomas 1955
3 4 Nurses convocation 1954
3 5 Nurses convocation 1954
3 6 Ms. Allah Ditta
3 7 Mrs. Patrick and daughter
3 8 Judith Bachir and Julie-Khub Daas
3 9 Group photo-September 1945
3 10 Kwan Hsien, Szechuen
3 11 Karimabee
3 12 Rajubai
3 13 Jaitunbee
3 14 The Conte Verde, 1942 (refuge exchange vessel)
3 15 Unidentified
3 16 Unidentified
3 17 Unidentified building
3 18 A tree
3 19 Unidentified building
3 20 Unidentified building
3 21 Unidentified building
3 22 Unknown person
3 23 Front shot of unknown person
3 24 Back shot of unknown person
3 25 Woman with baby on back
3 26 Candid snapshot of Esther Morse taken by Dr. Don Jones in Miraj 1945
3 27 Candid snapshot of Esther Morse
3 28 Candid snapshot of Esther Morse 1945
3 29 Candid snapshot of Esther Morse 1945
3 30 Candid snapshot of Esther Morse 1945
3 31 Candid snapshot of Esther Morse 1945
3 32 Candid snapshot of Esther Morse 1945
3 33 Candid snapshot of Esther Morse 1945
3 34 Card?
3 35 Group photo with detail sheet
3 36 Group photo, Lau Zrang-Nong seated center, after 1946
3 37 Group photo-Lepers at colony
3 38 Mrs. Thomas and kindergarten students and staff
3 39 Haibow Hospital School of Nursing: board members, staff, and students 1951
3 40 Nursing School-Haibow Hospital 1951
3 41 Patkin Middle School students, 27th year of Republic 1939
3 42 Mission meeting-May 1931
3 43 Mission meting 1931
3 44 Group from Tulane to Carville 1937
3 45 Hainan staff?
3 46 Presbyterians returned-August 1942
3 47 Group photo of doctors
3 48 Group photo in Card
3 49 Kachek Compound (with information sheet)
3 50 The principal of the school and his family (with information sheet)
3 51 Christ Hospital (with information sheet)
3 52 Pictures of the compound (with information sheet)
3 53 The servants (with information sheet)
3 54 The ladies aid
Subseries B: Negatives
Box
Folder
4 1 Group photo
4 2 Group photo
4 3 Building
4 4 Views from Haihow Hospital rooftop
4 5 Carpenters
4 6 Pedi cabs in front of Haihow Hospital
4 7 Gate House
4 8 Pastors
4 9 Nurses homes
4 10 Seaton house
4 11 Hawan University
4 12 Family photos
4 13 Women working
4 14 Men working
4 15 Dr. Peter Chan and graduate students
4 16 Nursing students and teachers
4 17 Doctor photos
4 18 Registrars and clinic
4 19 Nursing school
4 20 Nurses home
4 21 Esther Morse
4 22 Esther Morse?
4 23 Hospital
4 24 Group photo
4 25 Group photo

^ Return to Top

Series VII:  Miscellaneous

Miscellaneous is a small series with an accordion-fold hand-painted picture book with an embroidered silk cover, a painting print with an unknown artist, and a program of a speech given on the S.S. President Wilson en route to San Francisco.

Container(s)
Description
Box
Folder
1 1 Program
1 2 Painting print
1 3 Transcription of book
1 3 Accordion-fold hand-painted picture book with embroidered silk cover (not in folder)

^ Return to Top

Series VIII:  Oversize

Oversize contains three ornate wall hangings with Chinese characters praising and thanking Morse for her work in the Leper colony on the Hainan Island. (The Chinese characters dedicate the wall hangings to Mao Fengmei, Morse's Chinese name). The first wall hanging was presented to "Mao Fengmei" on July 7, 1948 by Qiangai Leper Commission and is signed by some of its members. The other two are undated but were given to "Mao Fengmei" upon her return to the States after twelve years of missionary service. The Chinese Christian Church of Hoihow, Hainan presented Morse with the second wall hanging in this series and the third was given by 46 of her colleagues. There are also group photographs of Morse and her colleagues, medical certificates and transcribed Chinese songs. One medical certificate is in Chinese given by the Interior Minister and the Director of the Health Bureau, and indicates that Morse was an American and age 36.

Container(s)
Description
Dates
Box
Folder
1 1 Ornate wall hanging with Chinese characters (given July 7, 1938)
1 2 Ornate wall hanging with Chinese characters (given by The Chinese Christian Church of Hoihow, Hainan)
1 3 Ornate wall hanging with Chinese characters (given by 46 colleagues)
1 4 Map and photos of "Hay Lin Chau--Island of Happy Healing"
1 5 "Stuart High School" Diploma
1 6 Map of "The Chinese Empire," 1882
2 1 Group photographs
2 2 Transcribed Chinese musical book: "Selection of Chinese Airs" and music posters
2 3 "Holt County Diploma" May 16, 1912
2 4 Hastings College Diploma June 7, 1922
2 5 Medical certificates 1927; July 12, 1930
2 6 "Hospital of the Woman's Medical College of Pennsylvania" Certificate July 5, 1930
2 7 Medical doctor certificate (in Chinese) October 22, 1934

^ Return to Top

Subjects

  • Personal Names :
  • Morse, Esther, 1898-1975--Correspondence
  • Corporate Names :
  • Presbyterian Church in the U.S.A--Missions--China
  • Geographical Names :
  • Hainan Sheng (China)--Photographs
  • Subject Terms :
  • Missionaries, Medical--China--Hainan Sheng
  • Missions, American--China--Hainan Sheng
  • Missions, Medical--China--Hainan Sheng
  • Presbyterian Church--Missions--China--Hainan Sheng
  • Prisoners of war--China
  • Prisoners of war--United States
  • Sino-Japanese Conflict, 1937-1945--China--Personal narratives, American
  • Women missionaries--China--Correspondence
  • World War, 1939-1945--Prisoners and prisons, Japanese
    • Form or Genre Terms :
    • Photographs

    ^ Return to Top