Paul Lester Wiener was born in Leipzig, Germany, in 1895. He was educated in the Royal Academy of Berlin with post graduate study in Vienna and Paris. He came to the United States in 1913 and became a citizen in 1919. He returned to Europe for further study and work until 1927. With Bruno Paul, Wiener founded Contempora, a group of international artists, in 1928. Returning to the United States that year, Wiener took up a comfortable architectural practice and in 1937 designed the U.S. Government building and its interiors for the International Exposition in Paris. For his work, he was awarded three Grand Prix by the Jury of the Exposition.
In 1938, Paul Lester Wiener was commissioned by the governments of Ecuador and Brazil to organize and design interiors and exhibits for these countries' pavilions at the New York World's Fair. The war years found him working with the U.S. Office of Production and Research Development as well as in his own company, Ratio Structures, Inc., to develop prefabricated and demountable housing, suitable for post war housing construction and retail marketing. In 1942, Wiener joined José Luis Sert, formerly of Barcelona, Spain, to form Town Planning Associates which was to operate until 1959 as an architectural, urban planning and site planning consultant firm of international reputation. During this period, Wiener lectured extensively in the United States and Latin America as an expert in urban planning.
With Town Planning Associates, Paul Lester Wiener accomplished his most notable work. Collaborating with Le Corbusier, Wiener and Sert originated a master plan for the city of Bogota and several other city units in Columbia which were based on the principles of planning for expected population and organizing the growth of the city in and efficient manner, as well as reorganizing existing features to provide planned living and recreational space for residents with an eye to preventing the undesirable effects of random growth such as slum housing and inequitable distribution of land, etc.
While Bogota, Cali, Medillin and Chibote were extant cities, Cidade dos Motores, Brazil, was a jungle wilderness near Rio de Janiero, when Wiener and Sert undertook to plan a city for 25,000 persons from the very beginning. Primarily conceived as an industrial community to house workers and supervisors of a huge wartime airplane factory, Cidade dos Motores presented the opportunity for the town planner to organize the total development of the urban unit. The entire plan was completed in 1949 and was widely publicized in planning circles. Other than published records, little in this collection documents Cidade dos Motores.
Wiener continued to work in Latin America, establishing a national planning commission in Havana as a base for five planning projects for the country of Cuba. Examining the work of Town Planning Associates for the three years in Cuba, it is interesting to note the political forces which played a large part in this and any planning project. The actual planning entailed a reconstruction of the core of Havana, several neighborhood and resort areas, and the planning of the Presidential Palace.
Yet another kind of planning was executed by Wiener in the project initiated by the Orinoco Mining Company in Venezuela, where private corporations worked with the government and professional planners and architects to develop two urban units and port for use by the mining company which would last past the life of the business venture as successful communities. This plan took three years to completely develop, beginning in 1951.
In 1958, Wiener accepted his most significant commission in the United States: to plan a neighborhood development in the Washington Square area of New York City, providing several thousand housing units within a six block area. Combining his concepts of clean basic lines an functional form with bold color, he designed a series of high rise apartments which incorporated outdoor patio style living with the convenience of a central urban location and exciting visual environment.
Although Wiener had done some residential designing all during his career, he turned to this more during the sixties, designing summer homes, planning renovations of apartments and houses and creating distinctive interiors for his clients. Employing straight lines relieved by bright colors and pieces of sculpture and paintings, he achieved an amenable compromise between show place and functional home. He continued in this work and as a consultant in residential housing projects until his death in 1967.
Paul Lester Wiener was a gentleman whose home, office and thoughts were open to a variety of world wide associates with whom he met to plan, to build, to discuss, to persuade. he worked to provide a pliable plan for the construction of an environment in which the human could live and work in comfort and confidence of a sustained condition of excellence. In his own words, he describes his reasons for being a planner and architect: "It has been forever my fate to want to bring order into chaos. Consequently whenever a fateful person or situation presents itself, I am compelled to try to right it in the best ways I can. [...] It proceeds from a creative instinct to construct something of balance. [...] Elements are used in designing buildings or objects by means of an idea where its component parts are formed into a homogeneous group. They are satisfying when all the component parts are properly placed in their relation to the whole. Humans are the most difficult materials for the process of the creative urge."
The materials in the Paul Lester Wiener Papers are arranged in six sections. The first two sections are his professional work in town planning and architectural design, arranged in alphabetical order by project and subdivided into major and small project categories. The third, forth, and fifth sections are of a more personal nature and include texts of speeches, manuscripts of articles, proposals for books, biographical information and a bibliography of works by and about Mr. Wiener, including copies of some published pieces. The final section comprises incoming and outgoing correspondence; the first arranged alphabetically by agency; the latter arranged chronologically and including letters originated by Paul Lester Wiener and his professional associates, José Luis Sert, Paul Schulz, Richard Bender and members of the staff. It should be noted that this section of correspondence is primarily made up of letters not directly pertaining to the work of an individual project, but which are of a "general" nature. There is duplication of names from the project files in these general files.
One carton of photographs, slides an photographic negatives of various projects as well as material for lectures and comparative studies is included with the collection.
The collection consists of fifteen numbered cartons, following the outline of the inventory content, several pieces of oversize material stored separately, and six lettered cartons of plans, drawings, and blueprints. These plans and drawings are part of the project files and a reference to the lettered carton containing the related material is made with the entry for the individual project in the inventory. (## indicates material in lettered cartons). A similar reference to oversized material stored separately is also indicated in the body of the inventory. (** indicates oversize material.
Restrictions on Access :
Collection is open to the public.
Collection must be used in Special Collections & University Archives Reading Room.Restrictions on Use :
Property rights reside with Special Collections & University Archives, University of Oregon Libraries. Copyright resides with the creators of the documents or their heirs. All requests for permission to publish collection materials must be submitted to Special Collections & University Archives. The reader must also obtain permission of the copyright holder.
Archival material may contain materials with sensitive or confidential information that is protected under federal and/or state right to privacy laws and other regulations.
Researchers are advised that the disclosure of certain information pertaining to identifiable living individuals represented in this collection without the consent of those individuals may have legal ramifications (e.g. a cause of action for invasion of privacy may arise if facts concerning an individual's private life are published that would be deemed highly offensive to a reasonable person) for which the University of Oregon assumes no responsibility.
If a researcher finds sensitive personal information in a collection, please bring it to the attention of the reading room staff.Preferred Citation :
[Identification of item], Paul Lester Wiener papers, Bx 155, Special Collections & University Archives, University of Oregon Libraries, Eugene, Oregon.
Additional Reference Guides :
Paper finding aid with additional information available in Special Collections & University Archives.Processing Note :
Collection processed by staff.
This finding aid may be updated periodically to account for new acquisitions to the collection and/or revisions in arrangement and description.
Detailed Description of the Collection
We are currently working on a list for the large format drawings included in the collection. Contact us if you would like information about the drawings.