University Centennial Oral History Project Records
1975-2000 ( inclusive )
1988-2000 ( bulk )
6 Linear feet (14 Hollinger Boxes)
The Western Washington University
Centennial Oral History Project Records documents the reflections of various
faculty, staff, presidents and other administrators of the university from its
origins as Bellingham Normal School to its current university status for the
celebration of of its centennial.
Funding for preparing this
finding aid was provided through a grant awarded by the National Historical
Publications and Records Commission. Funding for encoding the finding aid was
awarded by the National Endowment for the Humanities.
The WWU Centennial Oral History Project was initiated in 1993 by a
dedicated group of staff and faculty. The goal of the project was the
development of oral history interviews for use in the planned centennial
celebration at Western Washington University, commemorating 100 years of
scholarly achievement. The result was an invaluable set of interviews, which
document the history of the University and supplements the archival record. The
history of WWU actually dates to 1893, when Washington State Governor, John H.
McGraw signed legislation approving the creation of the Bellingham Normal
School, but due to lack of funding, the school did not open until the fall of
1899. Bellingham Normal School became Western Washington School of Education in
1937, then Western Washington State College in 1961, and finally achieved
university status in 1977.
The Centennial project provides information and presents a wide range
of viewpoints documenting the university's growth and achievements over the
past century. The individuals that project organizers sought to interview
include former university faculty, staff, trustees, and alumni. The Center for
Pacific Northwest Studies coordinated this project and expects it to expands as
more interviews take place beyond Western's 1999 centennial.
This collection includes oral histories, audio tapes and transcripts
documenting the development of Western Washington University. Most of the
interviews were commissioned as part of the University's Centennial
Celebration. and were conducted with former faculty, staff, and students whose
connections to Western date from roughly 1920 to 2000. They deal with campus
history, focusing particularly on the administrations of Dr. William Haggard,
Dr. James Jarrett, Dr. Harvey Bunke, Dr. Jerry Flora and Dr. Paul Olscamp. The
collection also includes several departmental histories, including Departments
of Education, Geography, Humanities and Political Science. Several interviews
focus on the development of Fairhaven College, Huxley College of the
Environment and the College of Ethnic studies as well as the formation of the
College of Fine and Performing Arts.
The oral histories reflect the evolution of Western from its genesis
as a normal school to a liberal arts college to a multi-disciplined regional
university. Through the interviews, researchers can gain a sense of that
transition, as well as the complexities of the inter-relationships between
administration, faculty and students.
Use of the Collection
Restrictions on Access :
Some access restrictions apply. Contact repository for details.
Restrictions on Use :
Some use restrictions apply. Contact repository for details.
Preferred Citation :
Western Washington University Centennial Oral History Project Records,
Center for Pacific Northwest Studies, Heritage Resources, Western
Washington University, Bellingham WA 98225-9123.
The Western Washington University Oral History Project Records is
arranged in accordance with the following series arrangement
Series 1: Transcripts and Summaries, 1975-2000
Series 2: Audiocassette Recordings, 1988-2000
Detailed Description of the Collection
The following section contains a detailed listing of the materials in
Series I: Transcripts and
Subseries I: Paper
transcripts and summaries
Henry L. interviewed by Steve Inge
Dr. Henry L. Adams, Professor Emeritus of Psychology, joined
Western's faculty in 1957. He discussed the changes in administration from
President William Haggard to President James Jarrett. He recalled his role as
the first chairman of the new honors programs. He discussed his relationship
with faculty members Herb Taylor, Arthur Hicks, and Jerry Flora among others.
He also recalled Paul Woodring’s aspirations for Fairhaven College. Dr. Adams
reminisced about Chuck Harwood. He discussed the era of the “flower children”
in the 1960s and the effect of the Vietnam War on Western. He talked of
influential individuals such as Thad Spratlen, Angelo Anastasio, Erwin Mayer,
and Don Blood. He then told of the changes in the psychology department and
ended with a discussion of changes in the honors and general studies programs.
This folder also contains a history of the Psychology Department to 1983
written by Dr. Henry Adams. Transcript of interview available.
2000 July 5
Margaret H. interviewed by Kathryn Anderson
Dr. Margaret H. Aitken, Chair of the combined women’s and
men’s Physical Education Department and chair of the Women’s Department, came
to Western in 1946 to join the Physical Education Department. She left in the
1950s to pursue a doctorate degree, but later returned to the department. She
discussed the change in women's sports from casual intramural events to
intercollegiate athletics. She briefly recounted the administrative change from
President William Haggard to Dr. James Jarrett. Dr. Aitken also talked about
the growth of the university during her years there. In 1964, she became the
chair of the Women’s Department. In 1972, President Jerry Flora combined the
men's and women’s Physical Education Departments and appointed Dr. Aitken the
new department chair. She recounted problems faced by the newly combined
department and also talked about the impact of Title IX on women’s athletics.
She told of the lack of turmoil in the Physical Education Department during the
1960s and 1970s when other areas saw unrest. This folder also contains
newspaper articles and other documents relating to Dr. Aitken’s years at
Western. Transcript of interview available.
1996 July 8
Angelo interviewed by James Scott
Dr. Angelo Anastasio, Professor Emeritus of Anthropology,
joined the Western faculty in 1954. He discussed the administrations of
Presidents William Haggard and Dr. James Jarrett. He also discussed the
increase in bureaucracy during his time at Western as well as the creation of
the Sociology/Anthropology department. He recounted the effect of the Vietnam
War on the university. He discussed the administrations of various presidents
including William Haggard, James Jarrett, Harvey Bunke, Jerry Flora, Paul
Olscamp, and Robert Ross. He also identified several individuals who he
believed were instrumental to the history of Western, including Keith Murray,
Herb Taylor, and Arthur Hicks. Transcript of interview available.
1993 May 27
Chappelle interviewed by Kathryn Anderson
Dr.Chappelle Arnett, Professor of Physical Education, chair
of Physical Education Department, joined the faculty of the Women’s Physical
Education Department in the 1960s. She spoke of her relationship with Ruth
Weythman, then chair of the department. She also discussed the merger of the
men's and women’s departments and the election of Margaret Aitken as chair. She
told of the hard times and the support the department received from various
faculty, including President Jerry Flora. During her tenure, several physical
education faculty members left Western, including Bill Tomaras and Don
Peterson. She discussed her appointment as department chair and the changes
that occurred at the time. She recalled her work on sexual stereotypes and with
“Project Active” which focused on sexual equality and elementary schools. Dr.
Arnett then discussed the changes brought about by Title IX and how Linda
Goodrich, Kathy Knutsen, and Terry McMahon effectively used it. She then
discussed changes in women’s athletics and told of the differences between
Western and other state institutions. Dr. Arnett discussed staff attitudes to
the reductions in force (R.I.F.'s) in the department. She talked about the
department's relationship with other programs on campus and her interactions
with retired faculty. This folder also contains newspaper articles and other
information about Chappelle Arnett. Transcript of interview available.
1996 July 2
Rick interviewed by Steve Inge
Mr. Rick Benner, Facilities Planning Manager at Western
Washington University, became Western Washington University's Planning Manager
in 1987. His job was to remain faithful to the 1968 George Bartholick campus
design when planning for further University development. In 1974, a Facilities
Development Plan was created to take into account a larger student population.
In 1989, the campus plan was changed to account for fewer projected students
and a need for added structural development to accommodate expanded programs in
the sciences. In addition Mr. Brenner mentioned the difficulties of finding
more space for the campus without infringing on the city of Bellingham. Transcript of interview available.
Jerry interviewed by Steve Inge
Mr. Jerry Boles, Vice Provost for Information and
Telecommunication Services, arrived at Western in 1991 to assume the new
position of vice provost of information services. He recalled that his first
priority was to establish a technological infrastructure. He discussed a
project to automate the library and early attempts to link campus
technologically. Boles also discussed the drive to provide faculty and students
access to computers and workrooms. He discussed potential changes in campus
technology in the years ahead. He mentions those who were key to technological
change such as Larry DeLorme, Marie Eaton, Ken Mortimer, Karen Morse, and Pete
Elich. Transcript of interview available.
Mary interviewed by Lynne Masland
Mary E. Bond, was connected to Western on several levels. She
was the daughter-in-law of Elias A. Bond, a Western alumnus, the wife of former
faculty member E.A. “Nick” Bond, and she attended the campus school as a youth.
Mary Bond discussed her education at Western from the time she attended the
campus school in Old Main in 1923 though her graduation from Western in 1937.
She recounted stories about her father-in-law, Dr. E.A. Bond. She discussed the
role Dr. Bond and Carroll Haeske in the purchase of Lakewood, Western's
property on Lake Whatcom. She also recalled Dr. Bond starting the recreation
program at WWU. She also discussed each of Dr. Bond’s children and their
careers. She explained various family pictures. She recounted the Bond family's
relationship with Alan Ross. She told of her marriage to Elden “Nick” Bond, his
career, and his time in the navy. She then talked about her children and her
youngest son’s career as well as her mother-in-law's role in creating the
Faculty Dames. The Interview with Mary Bond continued on January 26, 1996. In
this session, Mrs. Bond continued her discussion of the Faculty Dames and the
evolution of that group into the Women of Western. She also mentioned Mr.
Kibbe. She discussed the personal struggles of President Charles Fisher's
family. She recalled that she completed her student teaching at the campus
school. She then discussed the development of the home economics department.
She talked about members of the faculty including Leona Sundquist, Mabel Zoe
Wilson, Miriam Snow Mathes, Coach Lappenbusch, Dean Marquis, Irving E. Miller,
and Mr. Phillipi. Transcript of interview available.
1995 December 3; 1996 January 26
Roberta interviewed by Kathryn Anderson
Dr. Roberta Wong Bouverat, alumnus of Western, Professor of
Education, came to Western in 1955 where she completed her Bachelor of Arts
degree and her Master’s degree. She talked about her eventual return to Western
to teach and her relationship with Dr. Bearnice Skeen. She discussed the
advantages of being a student at Western especially in the field of education.
She mentioned specific teachers such as Ruby McInnis, Van Wingerden, and Mabel
Hodges. She also recounted stories about undergraduate teachers like Dr.
Arntzen, Dr. Blood, and Dr. Taylor. She discussed campus life from the view of
both a student and a teacher. She remembered, while a student, working in the
nurse’s office. Dr. Bouverat joined the faculty at Western in the 1970s. She
recalled teaching early childhood education and the lack of departmental
support. She retired in 1990 and continued teaching elsewhere. She discussed
the change in the expectations of Education students from the 1950s to 1980s.
She discussed changes in her own work on early childhood education with
programs like Head Start. She talked about her life since she retired from
Western and discussed the change in the education program from a program, to a
school, to a college. Transcript of interview available.
1996 July 9
Laurence interviewed by James Scott
Dr. Laurence W. Brewster, Professor Emeritus of the Speech
Department, was hired by Dr. William Haggard in 1948. He held a position in the
Speech and theater department along with Mr. Victor Hoppe and Mr. Sene Carlile.
Dr. Brewster split the teaching of speech classes with Mr. Hoppe and Mr.
Carlile and handled radio work on KVOS. He took charge of several radio
programs including College Newsweek in Review, Faculty Speaks, and Poets and
Poetry. With the retirement of Mr. Hoppe in 1952, Dr. Brewster and Mark
Flanders took charge of the theater department. The Speech department
originally controlled the Theater department until the early 1970s when Dr.
Bill Gregory helped form the College of Fine and Performing Arts. Dr. Brewster
also talked about the Curriculum Committee, a committee to decide on the
addition or deletion of courses in departments. Dr. Brewster spoke highly of
Dr. Haggard – both his control of the school and his honesty. He also discussed
the entertainment programs the college sponsored in the 1950s. Sometimes the
college brought in famous individuals such as Burl Ives, Edward Weeks, and
Vincent Price. He also discussed the turbulence on campus in the 1960s as a
result of the Vietnam War. Transcript of interview available.
1993 March 2
Laurence interviewed by Steve Inge
Dr. Laurence W. Brewster, Professor Emeritus of Speech and
Theatre Dr. Laurence Brewster was hired in 1948 by President William Haggard.
Originally Dr. Brewster focused on classes in radio and speech. He also took
charge of College Newsweek in Review, a live radio
program broadcast from KVOS every Friday. In addition, he ran radio programs
called Faculty Speaks and Poets and Poetry. When
Mr. Victor Hoppe, the theatre director, retired in 1952 Dr. Brewster took over.
Dr. Brewster became the first person to direct a play on the stage in the
Performing Arts Center. (Mr. Hoppe felt that the auditorium in the Performing
Arts Center was too big and so he put on The Merchant of
Venice in the foyer before he retired). Dr. Brewster also directed the
first two musicals, Martha and
Die Fledermous, at Western. He also mentioned the
changing relationships between faculty and students at Western as the school
grew. Transcript of interview available.
1999 March 23
Carter interviewed by James Scott
Dr. Carter Broad, Professor Emeritus of Biology, joined the
Western faculty in 1963 as a professor and chairman of the Biology department.
The Biology department started its masters program in 1966, and Dr. Broad felt
this improved the department overall. He talked about the changing emphasis of
teaching and research at Western over the years. Dr. Broad also mentioned his
field experience in Alaska in connection with the National Oceanic and
Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) and the Bureau of Land Management. They
looked at the beach component of the effects of off-shore oil drilling in the
Alaskan Arctic. This project involved people from the Biology department,
Huxley College and Fairhaven College. He also discussed the history of Huxley
College. Dr. Broad did not find Western in the 1960s to be too tumultuous since
disturbances never escalated to the levels found at Berkeley. Overall, Dr.
Broad showed a great affection for Western. Transcript of interview available.
1993 February 26
Willard interviewed by James Scott
Dr. Willard A. Brown, Professor Emeritus of Physics and
Astronomy, discussed his work in the Navy during World War II. He received his
Bachelor's degree in physics from the University of Washington and then worked
at Boeing as a research analyst on guided missile systems. He discussed
teaching high school on Bainbridge Island. He was hired by Western in 1956
during President William Haggard's administration as a supervisor of student
teachers. Dr. Brown received his Master's degree from Washington State
University at that time. He discussed losing the opportunity for tenure during
President James Jarrett's administration due to the requirement of a Doctoral
degree. Dr. Brown discussed receiving his Ph.D. from the University of Florida.
He returned to Western in 1966. He discussed President Haggard and the changes
brought by President Jarrett. He discussed the Humanities program. He talked
about President Harvey Bunke. He also talked about the history of the Physics
department. Dr. Brown described his association with the Science Education
Group. He discussed his department's loss of the Master's degree in Science in
the late 1970s. He also discussed the addition of Astronomy to the Physics
department. Dr. Brown described his committee work at Western. He discussed
presidents Jerry Flora, Ken Mortimer and Robert Ross. He also discussed changes
in faculty and students over the course of his career.
1993 April 23
Robert interviewed by Steve Inge
Mr. Robert Bruce, AIA and campus planner at Western
Washington University, is an employee of Western Washington University as well
as maintaining a private practice. Mr. Bruce came to Western in 1967. At first
he worked on small projects and restorations. Eventually, President Ken
Mortimer asked him to participate in developing a campus master plan. The
building of Western’s campus has always presented a challenge because of the
number of different environments (bogs, bedrock, hills, valleys). Mr. Bruce
also discussed the problems of parking on campus and acquiring new property. He
talked about various spaces available to the University for further
development. He also discussed the future communications building. Transcript of interview available.
1999 April 21
Roscoe interviewed by James Scott
Dr. Roscoe L. Buckland, Professor Emeritus of Liberal
Studies, joined Western's faculty in 1970 during President Jerry Flora's
administration. Dr. Buckland described his role in forming the Liberal Studies
program at Western. In addition, Dr. Buckland helped organize conferences and
visits from notable speakers such as Wayne Morse (senator from Oregon),
Nicholas Von Hoffman (commentator from Washington D.C.), and Joseph Campbell.
He also acted as chair of the General Education Committee and administrator of
the General Education Program. Transcript of interview available.
1993 June 1
Kris interviewed by Steve Inge
Dr. Kris Bulcroft, Associate Professor of Sociology and
Special Assistant to the Provost for Teaching and Learning, joined the faculty
of Western Washington University in the winter of 1990 as a temporary professor
in the Sociology department. The professor she stood in for died in a plane
accident. Dr. Inge Paulus and Dr. Carl Simpson supported her and she eventually
gained tenure. In 1993 Dr. Bulcroft got an Excellence in Teaching Award and in
1994 she acted as Faculty Senate President. She also worked with Dr. Larry
DeLorme on distance education. Together they started the Center for
Instructional Innovation and the Freshman Interest Group program. Dr. Bulcroft
worked during both the Ken Mortimer administration and the Karen Morse
administration.Transcript of interview available.
1999 January 21
Harvey interviewed by Steve Inge
Dr. Harvey C. Bunke was the President of Western Washington
State College from 1965 to 1967. He recalled how isolated Bellingham was at the
time and felt the college needed new people and ideas. Dr. Bunke challenged the
traditional formula by which state funds were allocated to colleges which in
turn caused conflict with the president of the University of Washington, Dr.
Odegaard. He also conflicted with the strongest trustee on the board, Marshall
Forrest. Dr. Bunke also started Fairhaven College and the Western Foundation.
The student body government demand to invite Timothy Leary to speak on campus
led to Dr. Bunke's resignation. While Dr. Bunke planned to let him speak, the
trustees did not fully agree. Timothy Leary was allowed to speak but Dr. Bunke
resigned under pressure from the Board. Jerry Flora then took over as
president. Transcript of interview available.
2000 August 29
Meridith interviewed by Kathryn Anderson
Dr. Meridith Cary, Professor of English, joined Western's
faculty in 1964. In 1972, she and Marge Ryan team-taught a Women’s literature
course. She also helped design and promote the Women’s Studies program at
Western acting as manager for the first five years. She described a period when
the administration cut faculty from all departments, and remembered that the
English department faculty handled it with distinction. Dr. Cary has also
authored works in a number of different genres. This folder contains a number
of articles and bulletins from the Public Information Office at Western.Transcript of interview available.
undated; 1996 June 25
Nita interviewed by James Scott
Dr. Nita Clothier, Professor Emeritus of Liberal Studies,
started at western in 1947 as a student. She remembered the campus and faculty
fondly, including President William Haggard. During Dr. Clothier’s student days
the staff included a dean for men and a dean for women. In 1952, she came back
to Western for her BA and to teach. She discussed in detail the transformation
of courses through the 1960s and 1970s. She also started the study-abroad
program Western in Greece in 1978. Transcript of interview available.
1993 August 12
Robert interviewed by Don Eklund and Todd Welch
Dr. Robert P. Collier was the dean and chairman of the
Department of Business and Economics. Dr. Collier held the position of dean of
the College of Business and Economics at Western for twenty-three years. After
piloting in World War II, and teaching in several colleges, Dr. Collier joined
Western in 1976. He was the first dean of the College of Business and
Economics. He also started the masters program in Business and Economics. Dr.
Collier felt that President Paul Olscamp did not give the College of Business
and Economics the support they deserved. It took fourteen years for the program
to become accredited. Despite problems with administration, Dr. Collier looked
back with fondness for his students and his work. Even after retirement, he
kept busy by serving on the Board of Directors of the Western Washington
University Retiree’s Association. Transcript of interview available.
1993 March 5
Critchfield, Howard interviewed by James Scott
Dr. Howard J. Critchfield, Professor Emeritus of Geography,
joined the faculty of Western Washington College of Education in 1951, during
Dr. William Haggard’s presidency. In 1952-53, the college began to offer a
Bachelor of Arts degree in Geography. Dr. Critchfield also recalled the
importance of the Curriculum Committee in making academic organizational
decisions. He felt this was especially true during James Jarrett’s presidency.
According to Dr. Critchfield, Dr. Artzen held the most important place on this
committee. During President Jarrett’s administration the few big departments –
Social Science, Science, and so on- were split into smaller departments. In
1966, the Geography department began to offer a master's degree. Dr.
Critchfield remembered the stresses caused by the Vietnam War – especially on
male students who needed to keep their grades up to avoid being the draft. The
faculty also felt stress in the early 1970s when the school needed to make
budget cuts. Dr. Critchfield acted as State Climatologist starting in 1976. He
also helped develop the map library along with Dr. Bob Monahan. Transcript of interview available.
1993 April 13
James interviewed by James Scott
Dr. James W. Davis, Professor Emeritus of Political Science
and Dean of the College of Arts and Sciences, joined Western's faculty in 1974.
At that time, there occurred a reduction in force (R.I.F.). Many non-tenured
faculty took Western to court for cutting their positions. In 1975, Dr. Jerry
Flora’s presidency ended. During the R.I.F. the creation of some colleges took
place while others disappeared. For a time, Fairhaven almost vanished. Outside
of school Dr. Davis was active in politics and was one of the founders of the
Visitor and Convention Bureau. He also spoke highly of Western’s library and
its director at the time, Ray McInnis. Transcript of interview available.
1993 June 30
James interviewed by James Scott
Dr. James W. Davis, Professor Emeritus of Political Science
and Dean of the College of Arts and Sciences, joined the faculty of Western in
1974, which was the last year of President Jerry Flora’s administration. He
served under Jerry Anderson, Vice President for Academic Affairs. During his
first year, a recession in Washington State and very low enrollment caused a
reduction in force (R.I.F.) in the faculty. He discussed in detail its effects
and the extreme tension it created. He also helped establish the computer
science department in his last year as dean (the early 1980s). Dr. Davis also
recalled the hiring of Anne Dillard, the novelist, for an English position.
Transcript of interview available.
1999 June 17
L. interviewed by Sam Kelly
Dr. Roland L. DeLorme, Provost of Western Washington
University and professor in Humanities in the Department of History, joined the
faculty of Western Washington State College in 1966. Admission to Western on an
“open door, rolling admissions” policy changed during President Ken Mortimer’s
administration when the school moved to a “selective policy.” Dr. DeLorme
discussed changes in student origination, how long students stayed, and what
they studied while at Western. He described changes in technology and how he
thought it would change the nature of classrooms. He also discussed the
effectiveness of presidents Charles Fisher, James Jarrett and Jerry Flora at
Western. Transcript of interview available.
1995 August 10
Carol interviewed by Kathryn Anderson
Dr Carol Jean Diers, was an undergraduate at Western and
eventually a full professor in the Psychology department. Dr. Diers attended
kindergarten thru second grade at Western's Campus School. Later, she finished
her last two years of college at Western. She returned to teach at Western in
the 1960s during a hiring boom and remembered it as a very exciting time. In
1974, Dr. Diers served as Director of the Honors Program and became the first
woman on the Honors Board. Since her retirement she occasionally gives talks at
Western. This folder also contains copies of newspaper articles and
announcements from Western. Transcript of interview available.
undated; 1996 July 1
Marjorie interviewed by Kathryn Anderson
Dr. Marjorie Donker, professor in the English department,
started her English degree at the University of Montana and finished it at
Western. She was hired by Western after receiving her Ph.D. at the University
of Washington. During her career at the college she acted as Director of the
Composition program. As well as teaching she served on several committees such
as the Commission for the Humanities, the College Committee on General
requirements, and the Academic Steering Committee for the Educationally
Disadvantaged. She also helped teach Women’s literature and feminist criticism.
This folder includes copies of newspaper articles and announcements from
Western. Transcript of interview available.
1996 June 28
Larry interviewed by Steve Inge
Dr. Lawrence J. Estrada, Director of American Cultural
Studies, came to Western in 1989 from Colorado State University. Ken Mortimer
held the presidency at the time. Dr. Mortimer planned to make the University
more diverse and wanted the region to see it as a top academic institution. Dr.
Mortimer developed the Minority Community Advisory Committee and held forums
with students and members of the community to ensure open discussions on local
issues and concerns. Dr. Estrada credits President Mortimer for the rise in
diversity at the University. Dr. Estrada said that President Karen Morse tries
to uphold the foundational principles created by Dr. Mortimer. Transcript of interview available.
1999 January 19
Hugh interviewed by James Scott
Dr. Hugh Fleetwood, Professor emeritus of Philosophy, joined
Western's faculty in 1962 in the new Philosophy department. During this time
Western moved from a teacher’s college to a four-year liberal arts college.
This caused many changes, especially in the library – which lacked up-to-date
books and journals and had many gaps in subject matter. After President Jarrett
left Paul Woodring held the presidency for a year. Dr. Fleetwood remembered the
establishment of Fairhaven College. In 1965, Harvey Bunke became president and
created one hundred new faculty positions at Western. In 1967 Jerry Flora
became president. Dr. Flora focused on having more contact with the surrounding
community. In addition, Dr. Flora dealt with the student activism of the 1960s.
Bill McDonald held the position of the dean of students at the time. Dr.
Fleetwood remembered him as a very levelheaded man who had a good rapport with
the students. During the cut backs in the late 1960s and early 1970s Dr
Fleetwood sat on the Faculty Senate and on the Mischaikow committee, which
recommended cuts and reductions at the University. In the 1970s, Paul Olscamp
became president of Western. During his administration Western Washington
College changed to Western Washington University. Transcript of interview available.
1993 August 10
Charles "Jerry" interviewed by Don Eklund and Todd Welch
Dr. Charles J. Flora was President Emeritus of Western
Washington State College, Professor Emeritus of Biology, former Academic Dean,
and Director of the watershed at the Marine Laboratory at Shannon Point. Dr.
Flora specialized in the study of coral reefs. He did not enjoy his
administrative responsibilities because they kept him from focusing on
academics. When he went back to teaching he and his students wrote a book on
reefs called Bio-herm which was based on
literature Dr. Flora had collected over the years. At the time of the interview
Dr. Flora was in the process of revising the book to include his own
observations of specific reefs. He also wrote a book called
Normal College Knowledge, a collection of
questions and recollections about Western. The book also contains stories of
the tensions on campus in the 1960s. Transcript of interview available.
1993 March 9
Charles "Jerry" interviewed by Steve Inge
Dr. Charles J. Flora is a Professor Emeritus of Biology and
President Emeritus of Western Washington State College. He served as Western
Washington University’s president from 1968 through 1975. Dr. Flora received
his doctorate at the University of Florida in Gainesville and joined Western's
faculty in 1957. He began as a professor in the department of Science. At that
time one academic unit contained all of the sciences with Leona Sundquist as
chair. While Western had some classes in sea life and the seashore, no marine
program existed before Dr. Flora came. Dr. Flora remembered many of the leaders
and people who made Western a quality institution. Some of these people
included Ed Arntzen, Sam Buchanan, Leona Sundquist, Herb Taylor, Don Blood,
President James Jarrett, Dr. Harvey Bunke, Reginald Butler (leader of the
Ethnic Studies program), Alan Ross, Fred Sargent, Don Cole, Sam Kelly, Thad
Spratlen, Chuck Harwood (first dean of Fairhaven), and Ron Williams (first dean
of Ethnic Studies). Dr. Flora recalled the tensions on campus during the 1960s,
and the fear that Western would become another Kent State. Dr. Flora also
discussed the Board of Trustees and various faculty members. Transcript of interview available.
1999 August 18
Marshall interviewed by Steve Inge
Judge Marshall Forrest, Trustee of Western Washington State
College, and retired judge of the Washington State Court of Appeals, moved to
Bellingham from Chicago after World War II. After he passed the bar he served
as state representative for two years. When a vacancy opened on Western's Board
of Trustees he asked for the appointment. Soon after joining the Board, Dr.
William Haggard retired as president and Jim Jarrett was hired to replace him.
Judge Forrest hoped that appointing Dr. Jarrett as president would be a first
step toward expanding Western from a teacher's college to a liberal arts
college. Judge Forrest remembered Dr. Paul Woodring, Dr. Jerry Flora, and
Barney Goltz as very important to the development of Western. He also discussed
the expansion of Western from the small Normal School to the larger
contemporary campus. Judge Forrest also discussed the Campus School and the
formation of Fairhaven College.Transcript of interview available.
2000 August 30
Richard interviewed by James Scott
Dr. Richard L. Francis, Professor Emeritus of English, came
to Western in the fall of 1969 from Brown University. He was hired by Bob
McDonnell, chair of the English department. During his first year he
team-taught a course in film along with Arthur Hicks, Dick Feringer, and Dan
Larner. Dr. Francis also worked with R.D. Brown who went on to write detective
stories. Francis became involved, along with Gene Garber and Bob McDonnell, in
putting together a committee to revise the curriculum in the English
department. He also acted as liaison with the Wilson Library until his
retirement. Dr Francis remembered President Jerry Flora fondly for his
hospitality, his interest in the faculty and the way he handled student
tensions during the Vietnam War. Dr. Paul Olscamp and Dr. Robert Ross succeeded
Dr. Flora to the presidency. Dr. Francis felt that Dr. Olscamp best filled the
presidency of the four men who held the position during his time at Western.
Dr. Francis also worked with the Virginia Wright Fund for public art on campus.
Transcript of interview available.
1993 August 2
Al interviewed by Steve Inge
Dr. Albert John Froderberg, vice president for external
affairs at Western Washington University. He joined Western's faculty in 1968
to teach in the Mathematics department. He eventually replaced Dr. Joe
Hashisaki as chair of the department. Other important members of the department
included George Witter, who helped form the Computer Science department and
Harvey Gelder, one of the founding members of Fairhaven College. In 1985,
President Robert Ross gave him the job of legislative liaison to the State
Legislature in Olympia. In 1987, Dr. Froderberg became acting provost. In early
November 1987 three of the college leaders, Bob Ross, the president, Don Cole,
the vice president for business and Jeanene DeLille, the vice president for
advancement, died in a plane crash. Dr. Froderberg became acting president
until Ken Mortimer arrived in 1988. Dr. Mortimer made Dr. Froderberg vice
president for external affairs and hired George Pierce as vice president for
business and finance. Over his career at Western, Dr. Froderberg felt that all
the presidents possessed their own strong points and he felt that Larry DeLorme
and Jim Talbot made the biggest impact as provosts. Transcript of interview available.
1998 November 19
Harvey interviewed by James Scott
Harvey M. Gelder, Professor Emeritus of Fairhaven College,
joined the faculty of Western in the fall of 1948. Dr. William Haggard was
president at this time and Professor Gelder remembered him fondly. He also
remembered President James Jarrett in the same light. Professor Gelder felt
Fairhaven College struggled under Dr. Harvey Bunke’s presidency due to a lack
of adequate direction. Professor Gelder said that Jerry Flora was perfect as
president during the late sixties and that Bill McDonald was excellent as dean
of students at the time. Professor Gelder felt President Paul Olscamp alienated
the press, the community, and most of the faculty. He also recalled that
Fairhaven students usually did not thrive in the more traditional classes of
North Campus.Transcript of interview available.
1993 May 13
"Barney" interviewed by James Scott
Harold A. “Barney” Goltz, Director of Campus Planning at
Western Washington University and Washington State Senator, was initially
invited to Western Washington College of Education by Merle Kuder in 1957 in
order to help plan the building of the new student union. The architects Binden
and Jones originally drew up plans for the union, but after problems with that
design President William Haggard hired Fred Basetti to work on the building.
After the arrival of President James Jarrett, Goltz became his Administrative
Assistant. He became the state legislative liaison for Western, the capital
budget developer, and overseer for the expansion of the campus. Goltz
remembered the visit of Vice-President Hubert Humphrey to Western in 1966. The
Vice-President gave an award to the College for the design of the Ridgeway
Complex. Goltz then talked about the addition of art to the campus and some of
the architects and artists responsible such as Paul Thiry, Ibsen Nelson, George
Bartholick, Nancy Holt, Richard Beyer and Isamu Noguchi. Goltz recalled the
three changes in name that Western underwent during his time there. In the
1970s he took time off from the University in order to run for the State House
of Representatives. He finished the interview by discussing the expansion of
the university as well as talking about Sam Buchanan and Averell Harriman. Transcript of interview available.
1993 March 13
"Barney" interviewed by James Scott
Mr. Harold A. “Barney” Goltz, Director of Campus Planning at
Western Washington University and Washington State Senator, came to Western in
1957 to plan the student union building. At that time, Governor Albert
Rosellini mandated that Western Washington College of Education become a more
comprehensive state college that would allow for considerable student growth.
Architect George Bartholick was hired to plan the campus. Some elements in the
plan included having public art throughout the campus, non-uniform buildings
that blended with each other, facilities for small cluster colleges, and a
pedestrian campus that allowed students to walk to any class in ten minutes.
Unfortunately the overall plan underestimated the amount of space needed for
vehicle parking. Aesthetics were an important part of Western’s building plan
from the beginning, and the Ridgeway Dorms won an award for the best
dormitories built in the United States during 1966. Vice President Hubert
Humphrey presented the award in Washington, D.C. and then came to Bellingham to
present it personally at the Carver Gym. Transcript of interview available.
1999 April 1; 1999 April 3
William interviewed by James Scott
Dr. William A. Gregory; dean of the College of Fine &
Performing Arts and Professor Emeritus of Theater/Dance, arrived at Western in
1957 and left in 1959. He spent five years in Detroit at the Vanguard Theater.
He returned to Western in 1969. Dr. Gregory discussed the separation of Drama
from the Speech Department and the eventual development of the College of Fine
& Performing Arts. He discussed his appreciation for Paul Olscamp during
his presidency at Western. Dr. Gregory recalled the move to form an
interdisciplinary program of art, music, and theater, which disappeared after
his retirement. He described his involvement with the outdoor sculpture
collection, giving credit to Larry Hanson and Harold “Barney” Goltz. He also
discussed the lack of financial support from the Washington Commission on the
Arts for Western's outdoor sculpture collection. Dr. Gregory stated that the
States Arts Commission, the National Foundation of the Arts, and the National
Foundation of the Humanities did contribute significantly to the collection.
Transcript of interview available.
1993 May 18
William interviewed by James Scott
Dr. William A. Gregory; dean, College of Fine &
Performing Arts and Professor Emeritus of Theater/Dance came to Western in the
fall of 1957 but left in 1959 to pursue other professional activities. He
returned in 1969 to become the director of the Theater department. In 1973
President Jerry Flora asked Gregory to begin research into forming a separate
college. In 1975 he helped form the College of Fine & Performing Arts. Dr.
Gregory retired in 1987. The interview went on to discuss people influential in
the arts. He spoke highly of President Paul Olscamp and his strong support for
the arts. He discussed the remodeling and additions to the concert hall, art
gallery, and L-1 (in Old Main). Dr. Gregory gave credit to Phil Ager for his
work on the concert hall. Two short-lived programs that Dr. Gregory took great
pride in were the Interdisciplinary Arts program and the Study Abroad program
both of which disappeared upon the arrival of his successor. He also
acknowledged individuals he believed influenced campus culture and his career
such as Arthur Hicks, Albert Van Aver, Mary Terey-Smith, Pat McCormick, Tom
Schlotterback, and Dr. Lawrence Brewster. Transcript of interview available.
1999 June 22
Carroll interviewed by Al Froderberg
Carrol Haeske, Western Washington University Alumnus, attended
the Normal School in Bellingham in 1920. He worked in the afternoons and took
classes in the mornings. In 1922 the students elected him the Student Body
President. During his presidency he brought about the purchase of the Lakewood
property on Lake Whatcom. Haeske left the Normal School in 1923 and eventually
graduated from the University of Washington. He then went on to Stanford.
Haeske taught music and English at various high schools. He retired in 1966
from Wilson High School in Los Angeles, CA. Haeske remembered Victor Hoppe,
drama coach and director of the Normal School. During the summer session while
back from Stanford, Haeske acted for Hoppe in a production of the Merchant of
Venice. He also related information about the personal life of John Steinbeck,
who was a student at Stanford with Haeske. While at the Normal School he taught
fencing. Other activities he remembered while in Bellingham included the race
up Mt. Baker and the Tulip Festival. He also discussed his teachers at the
Normal school including Charles Fisher, Kibbe, Nora Bayes, and Dr. Elias A.
Bond. Transcript of interview available.
1998 April 8
Richard interviewed by James Scott
Richard Harris, Director of Continuing Education and
Conference services, transferred to Western in 1956 and received his Bachelor's
degree. After teaching for 3 years he returned to Western to get a master’s
degree in school psychology. He returned to Western again in 1987, this time as
an administrator. When he was a student Dr. William Haggard was president.
Harris remembered Dr. Haggard’s relationship with students and faculty. He
discussed Bill McDonald, Dean of Men, and his 'in loco parentis' role. When
President James Jarrett arrived the University changed from a teaching school
to a comprehensive state college. Harris described the shift in faculty from
Educational teachers to researchers and scholars. He related the sense of
tension that this transition brought. Harris retired as an administrator at
Western in 1989. He discussed the library during his time as both a student and
an administrator. He also discussed the Center for Pacific Northwest Studies.
Harris talked about faculty members that influenced him including Arthur Hicks,
Ed Arntzen, and Keith Murray. Harris then described his return to Western under
the presidency of Dr. Robert Ross. He discussed the plane crash that took the
lives of President Ross, Jeanine DeLille, and Don Kohl in October of 1987 as
well as the University's response to that loss. Harris then discussed his
pursuits since leaving the University in 1989. Transcript of interview available.
1993 August 4
Herbert interviewed by Lynne Masland
Herbert R. Hearsey was a Reference Librarian, Associate
Professor of Library Science and Associate Director of Wilson Library. After
receiving a Bachelor's degree from Tufts and a Master’s degree from Harvard and
Tufts, Mr. Hearsey received a library degree from the University of Illinois.
Mr. Hearsey spent many years working in libraries including those at Harvard
and the University of Illinois. He then came to Western in 1941 during
President William Haggard’s administration. Upon arrival a local woman informed
him of President Charles Fisher’s supposed communist activities. A brief
discussion of the KKK and its local grand wizard Planten Luther ensued. The
discussion then turned to Mabel Zoe Wilson, Western’s librarian at the time.
Mr. Hearsey discussed his work with the reference library, the summer program,
and the recreation committee. Mr. Hearsey then described Wilson’s retirement
and her replacement, Mildred Herrick. He reminisced about World War II and the
lack of students on campus. He spoke in detail on the difficulties of Mildred
Herrick’s years at the library. He discussed the changes that came with James
Jarrett's presidency. Mr. Hearsey also discussed his long career on the
athletic committee. After Herrick left, Western hired Howard McGaw as the new
librarian. Mr. Hearsey talked about President Jerry Flora's contributions to
the library which included appointing Bob Lawyer as Library Director. Transcript of interview available.
1996 August 30
Arthur interviewed by Don Eklund and Mike Runestrand
Dr. Arthur C. Hicks, Chair and professor of Humanities,
reminisced about his hometown and early educational opportunities. He came to
the Normal School under President Charles Fisher in 1933. He was the first
chairman of the newly created Humanities department. Dr. Hicks discussed the
varying student motivations for seeking a higher education. He also talked
about the value of a General Education as opposed to fulfilling General
University Requirements. He discussed the use of loyalty oaths from the 1920s
thru the 1950s and the dismissal of President Fisher by Governor Charles
Martin. Dr. Hicks brought up McCarthyism and described Senator Joseph
McCarthy's visit to Bellingham in the early 1950s. Hicks gave an anti-McCarthy
speech to the Rotary Club which moved the members to invite the notorious
red-baiter Albert S. Canwell to speak. Dr. Hicks discussed the value of the
American Association of University Professors in ensuring the rights and
benefits of educators. Transcript only
1975 March 6
Jesse interviewed by Steve Inge
Dr. Jesse Hiraoka, Dean of the College of Ethnic Studies,
founder of the Human Services program, and professor of French, began his
career at California State College in San Bernardino. He finally came to
Western in 1972/1973. Hiraoka discussed the problems he faced trying to
establish the College of Ethnic Studies. He then explained how the human
services program became part of the College of Ethnic Studies. He appreciated
the strong support of people like President Jerry Flora. Under President Paul
Olscamp Ethnic Studies was down-graded from a college to a program. Hiraoka
left Human Services in 1981 and at that time the Education department took over
its management. He went on to chair the Foreign Language department. He also
helped develop The Journal of Ethnic Studies.Transcript of interview available.
2000 May 30
Jim interviewed by James Scott
James H. Hitchman, Professor of History and former Dean of
Students, came to Western in 1966 as Assistant Academic Dean before becoming
Dean of Students in 1967. He remembered the change in administration from
President Harvey Bunke to Dr. Jerry Flora. He also recalled President Bunke
encouraging him to let go of campus architect, George Bartholick. Hitchman
recalled being a member of the exclusive “six-pack” under President Flora. He
discussed student turmoil and protests during the 1960s. In 1969, Hitchman left
his job as dean of students and moved to the History Department. He also
discussed the changes in the student body that occurred due to conflict over
the Vietnam War. Transcript of interview available.
1993 May 23
Inge interviewed by James Scott
Steve W. Inge, Western Administrator and part of the Western
Foundation, graduated from Western in 1966 and returned in 1968 as the Director
of Alumni Relations. He discussed his time as an undergraduate during President
James Jarrett’s administration and the change from Normal School to liberal
arts institution. He recounted stories of faculty members such as Herb Taylor,
Jim Mackary, and Arthur Hicks. He remembered his time as an administrator in
the Alumni office and speeches given by President Flora throughout the state.
He talked about changes in the alumni programs. He then discussed problems with
the Western Foundation. He moved to the Publications office for a short time.
He eventually took a position in the Development Office. Transcript of interview available.
1993 July 6
Jarrett, James interviewed
by Steve Inge
Dr. James L. Jarrett, president of Western from 1959 to 1964
and Professor Emeritus of Education at University of California, Berkley, came
to Bellingham in 1959 to assume the presidency of the College. He discussed the
Board of Trustees and the division within the faculty regarding change. Dr.
Jarrett talked about the difference between himself and his predecessor, Dr.
William Haggard. He also discussed the changes he wanted to implement at
Western. He talked about the role of Barney Goltz in his administration. Dr.
Jarrett claimed that his most important job as president was in recruiting
faculty. During his presidency, Dr. Jarrett spent time lecturing and talking
about Western to various organizations. He discussed the creation of the
Faculty Council. He remembered his involvement in establishing the Humanities
program. He recalled bringing back Paul Woodring. He also discussed his
family's move from Bellingham to California. Transcript of interview available.
1999 May 3
Kelly interviewed by James Scott
Dr. Samuel P. Kelly, Professor Emeritus of Education, former
Graduate Dean and former Acting Vice President for Academic Affairs, was born
and raised in Bellingham. He attended Western in the 1940s on the G.I. Bill. In
1965, he returned to the College to teach in the Education department. Dr.
Kelly related anecdotes of President William Haggard. He discussed the changes
in faculty and the school during its transformation from teachers college to
liberal arts college. He also talked about the disintegration of the Humanities
program and the loss of the "General Education" focus, which in turn led to an
over-abundance of elective courses. He compared administrative and faculty
functions from the 1950s to those of the present. Dr. Kelly talked about the
increased student body and the effect it had on faculty/student relations. He
reminisced about people at Western such as Keith Murray, Herb Taylor, Jerry
Flora and Jim Jarrett. He also discussed the relative strengths of the
Presidents he knew. Transcript of interview available.
1993 July 7
Ruth interviewed by Kathryn Anderson
Ruth Kelsey was a faculty member of Western from 1948 to 1972
in the Art Department. She discussed her early teaching experiences in eastern
Washington. She also discussed her involvement with the Works Progress
Administration Arts Project. She attended Washington State University, studying
under Clifford Still and Glenn Wessels. She then attended Berkeley for her
Master's degree, studying under Henry Schaeffer-Simmern. Kelsey received a
traveling fellowship to Guatemala and Mexico after World War II where she
studied Pre-Columbian art. She was hired by President William Haggard to teach
eighth grade art at the Campus school. She was surprised by the other art
teacher's opposition to her as well as a lack of facilities and supplies. She
discussed the lack of support for her own artistic endeavors by the Art
department and her success in the Seattle art community. Kelsey talked about
the physical changes on campus and how she transitioned from teaching children
to teaching teachers. She also discussed her involvement with the Bellingham
art community. Transcript of interview available.
1995 October 31; 1995 November 16
Fred interviewed by Don Eklund and Todd Welch
Dr. Fred W. Knapman, Professor of Chemistry, Department Chair
and Dean of the College of Arts and Sciences, discussed his upbringing in
Lethbridge, Alberta as well as teaching in small country schools. He enrolled
at the Bellingham State Normal School in 1931 and remembered H.C. Philippi,
E.A. Bond, Ed Arntzen and Leona Sundquist. He also discussed the dismissal of
President Charles Fisher by the Board of Trustees. Dr. Knapman was hired in
1942 as a chemistry teacher at the College. He was on the Long Range Planning
Committee and worked for a new science building. He recalled Nobel Prize winner
Dr. Linus Pauling speaking at the dedication of Haggard Hall. Dr. Knapman
received a National Science Foundation Fellowship in 1959 and studied at the
University of Washington and the University of London. He discussed the
formation of Fairhaven College and the loss of its first Dean, Chuck Harwood.
He also discussed the reduction in force (R.I.F.) of the early 1970s and how it
was dealt with by the department chairs. He talked about the Canwell Committee
of the 1950s and its pursuit of Communists at Washington's state schools. Dr.
Knapman also discussed his years of world travel after retirement in 1974 and
his participation in the Elderhostel program. Transcript of interview available.
1993 March 8
Florence interviewed by Keith Murray, James Scott, and Jim Moore
Florence M. Lowe was a student at the Bellingham Normal School
in the 1930s. Florence Lowe discussed her early education and her work on a
book about the Equality Colony of Blanchard, WA. She talked about Blancard as
it existed in her youth. She also reminisced about Edward R. Murrow who came
from her town. Mrs. Lowe talked about many early childhood memories in and
around Blanchard. She remembered taking the Inter-urban trolley to Bellingham
to shop. She attended the Normal School in the early '30s and remembered Leona
Sundquist, Dr. Upshaw, Dr. Masters, President Charles Fisher, Mabel Zoe Wilson,
Nora Cummings, Georgia Gregg, Ed Arntzen, Sam Carver, Paul Woodring and many of
her favorite teachers. She discussed the controversy surrounding Dr. Fisher's
presidency and the hostility of Frank Seifert of the Bellingham Herald and the
Committee on Normal Protest. Mrs. Lowe talked about the attempted formation of
a communist group by students in the 1930s. She also recalled a number of
student organizations such as the Student Council, the Relations Club and the
Scholarship Society. She then discussed downtown Bellingham in the 1930s and
the many businesses of the time, including the Grand Theatre, the American
Theatre, Wahl's Department Store, the Montegue Store, the B.B. Furniture
Company, the Bellingham Bay Improvement Company, and the Pacific American
Fisheries. The discussion returned to Edward R. Murrow and his beginnings in
Blanchard, WA. Transcript of interview available.
1988 August 26; 1988 August 29
David interviewed by Steve Inge
Dr. David T. Mason, Professor Emeritus of Fairhaven, discussed
his mother's competitive friendship with Leona Sundquist. He also discussed his
involvement in the planning stages of Fairhaven College and people associated
with it, such as Paul Woodring and Chuck Harwood. He talked about quantitative
biology and its application to the study of life on Earth. Dr. Mason also
described his research on the effects of mercury in natural bodies of water. He
discussed marijuana and LSD use on campus in the 1960s. Dr. Mason also
discussed his part in the Gilbert and Sullivan productions at Fairhaven. He
spoke about various Deans of Fairhaven, such as Phil Ager, Marie Eaton, Joe
Bettis, and Ron Riggins. He then discussed the continuing vigor of Fairhaven
College. Transcript of interview available.
2000 July 5
Evelyn interviewed by James Scott
Dr. Evelyn P. Mason, Professor Emeritus of Psychology, came
to the Pacific Northwest in 1959 from the Department of Psychiatry at
Washington University in St. Louis. She was the first professional woman to
come to Bellingham. She was eventually hired at Western to teach a Child
Development course during Dr. James Jarrett's presidency. Dr. Mason discussed
the Psychology department and campus changes in the 1960s. She also described
her role in the development of the degree program in Psychology. She discussed
many individuals associated with the College, such as Dr. Jarrett, Marshall
Forrest, Barney Goltz, Paul Woodring, Harvey Bunke, Keith Murray, Howard
Critchfield, Jerry Flora, Herb Taylor and Jim McAree. Dr. Mason also discussed
the ability of President Jerry Flora and Dean Bill McDonald to maintain peace
on campus during the late 1960s. She discussed the Humanities program in the
1960s. She talked about Fairhaven College and her experience of teaching
courses there. She spoke about the early 1970s reduction in force (R.I.F.) and
its effect on the Psychology department and campus in general. Dr. Mason
discussed the presidency of Paul Olscamp. She eventually became Director of
Project Catchup. Transcript of interview available.
1993 August 16
Erwin interviewed by James Scott
Dr. Erwin S. Mayer, Professor Emeritus of Economics, joined
Western's faculty in 1953 in the Social Studies department. The department was
then chaired by Ed Arntzen. He described the division of departments during
President James Jarrett's administration in the early 1960s as well as faculty
impressions of the new president. He also described the movement of departments
from Old Main during the late 1960s as it was being refurbished. Dr. Mayer
discussed the formation of the College of Business and Economics and the naming
of Parks Hall. He also discussed the change in committee effectiveness from the
1950s to the 1980s and the changing complexity of the Administration. He talked
about the merits of Bill O'Neal as an administrator. He described struggling
with a miniscule library collection in the 1950s. Dr. Mayer also discussed the
potential for the development of Ph.D. programs at Western. He then talked
about presidents Robert Ross and Paul Olscamp. Transcript of interview available.
1993 February 16
Ray interviewed by James Scott
Dr. Ray McInnis, Wilson Library Reference Department, was
hired by Library Director Howard McGaw in 1965. He described the miniscule
budget of the library and the lack of research materials available. He talked
about President Jerry Flora who poured money into the library and which made
the collection grow exponentially. Dr. McInnis talked about his role in
developing the Reference Research Collection. He also talked about the growth
of the Inter-library Loan System. He described his involvement in classroom
teaching. Dr. McInnis discussed relations between the library and presidents
Harvey Bunke, Jerry Flora, Paul Olscamp, Robert Ross and Ken Mortimer. He also
discussed the effectiveness of various library Directors. He talked about his
own publication history. He also discussed his belief that students should be
taught how to learn as opposed to what to learn. Transcript of interview available.
1993 June 22
Michael interviewed by James Scott
Dr. Michael Mischaikow, Professor Emeritus of Economics,
talked about his education in Bulgaria and Austria before and during World War
II. He joined Western's faculty in 1964 during interim President Paul
Woodring's administration . He discussed the differences in the administrations
of Harvey Bunke, Jerry Flora and Paul Olscamp. Dr. Mischaikow described Vietnam
and student draft exemptions as being causes for the 1960s student unrest. He
also discussed the chaos students brought to classrooms and campus during this
period. He talked about his involvement with the United Nations Resettlement
and Repatriation Agency. He also discussed Communism in Europe after World War
II. Dr. Mischaikow described his dissertation work at West Virginia University
and explained why he came to Western. He calculated the amount of money Western
generated per day for Bellingham's economy as well as becoming environmentally
active in the region. Dr. Mischaikow became Dean of Huxley College in order to
stave off its collapse. He also described how he became involved with the
Western Regional Science Association. He discussed the Mischaikow Committee
during the reduction in force (R.I.F.) which was responsible for determining
faculty cuts. He also talked about receiving the Excellency in Teaching award
in 1984. Transcript of interview available.
1993 May 14
Howard interviewed by James Scott
Dr. Howard Mitchell, Professor Emeritus of Economics, joined
the faculty of Western in 1955 during President William Haggard's
administration. He discussed the differences in faculty interactions since the
1950s. He also discussed the library before its collection was expanded. He
talked about the faculty response to President James Jarrett. Dr. Mitchell
discussed the General Education Program as well as President Harvey Bunke. He
also talked about administrators being sent instead of faculty to the State
Legislature to appropriate funding. He described the division of departments
into specific disciplines. Dr. Mitchell talked about the development of
research requirements for faculty tenure. He discussed Fairhaven College and
its departure from the vision of Paul Woodring as well as its near destruction
in the 1970s. Dr. Mitchell eventually became Chair of the Department of
Economics. He talked about program growth and various presidential
administrations. He described a lack of focus in the School of Education as
compared to the Normal School. He also discussed the lack of educational
preparedness in incoming students. Transcript of interview available.
1993 June 17
Robert interviewed by James Scott
Dr. Robert Monahan, Professor of Geography and Director of
International Studies, joined Western's faculty in 1955 to teach Geography in
the Social Studies department. He discussed President William Haggard's faculty
dinners as well as the library before its collection was expanded. He also
described the structure of Dr. Haggard's administration as well as the faculty
at the time. He discussed the changes wrought by Dr. James Jarrett's
administration. Dr. Monahan described the effectiveness of Paul Woodring as
interim president. He talked about President Jerry Flora's ability to diffuse
violence and allow freedom of expression during the late 1960s as well as his
contributions to the library and his support for cluster colleges. Dr. Monahan
described the loss of the College of Ethnic Studies to budget cuts. He
discussed the histories of Fairhaven College and Huxley College. He also
discussed the history of the Geography department. Dr. Monahan talked about the
Canadian Studies program as well as the strengths of the seven presidents he
worked under. He also discussed Ed Arntzen and Arthur Hicks. Transcript of interview available.
1993 July 16
Robert interviewed by Steve Inge
Dr. Robert L. Monahan, Professor of Geography and Director of
International Studies, described why he came to Western and his impressions of
Sam Buchanan and President William Haggard. He discussed the arrival of
President James Jarrett and his use of the Great Books program. Dr. Monahan
described the changes on campus after Dr. Haggard left. He discussed the
breakup of the Social Studies department. He also discussed presidents Harvey
Bunke and Jerry Flora and the turbulence of the late 1960s. He talked about
Provost Fred Sargent. Dr. Monahan discussed the reduction in force (R.I.F.) of
the early 1970s and its lasting effects. He talked about President Robert Ross
and Provost Jim Talbot. He also talked about Fairhaven College, Huxley College
and the College of Ethnic Studies. He described the grim financial
circumstances of the early 1970s. He discussed individuals such as Lucy
Kangley, Arthur Hicks, Moyle Cederstrom, Albert Van Aver, Leona Sundquist and
Ed Arntzen. Dr. Monahan described the pool incident involving Herb Taylor. He
talked about the Campus School, Old Main and Arntzen Hall. He also talked about
librarian Mildred Herrick and the lack of materials in the library. He finished
with anecdotes of Jerry Flora. Transcript of interview available.
1999 June 22
Keith interviewed by James Scott
Dr. Keith Murray, Professor of History, was hired by
President William Haggard in 1946 to teach History. He described his
impressions of the campus and Bellingham upon arriving. He discussed Western in
the 1940s. He talked about President Charles Fisher and the events surrounding
his termination. He also discussed Arthur Hicks' involvement in those events.
Dr. Murray described his introduction to Dr. William Haggard. He discussed Paul
Woodring's publications. He also discussed the choice of Dr. James Jarrett for
president and the change it brought to the school. Dr. Murray talked about the
increased enrollment in the 1950s. He described his part in the formation of
the Humanities program. He also discussed the teaching load he maintained while
simultaneously writing. Transcript of interview available.
1993 February 18
Paul S. interviewed by Steve Inge
Dr. Paul Olscamp, President of Western Washington University
and Professor of Philosophy, discussed what brought him to Western. He talked
about the change of the school's name from Western Washington State College to
Western Washington University. He also talked about the Council for
Post-Secondary Education. Dr. Olscamp described the Program Study Committee
during the second reduction in force (R.I.F.). The Excellency in Teaching Award
was initiated during his administration. He discussed the formation of the
School of Education, the College of Fine and Performing Arts, the College of
Business and Economics as well as various departmental divisions. The Board of
Trustees Handbook was created under his presidency and the Annual Report System
was also initiated. Dr. Olscamp re-named the Western Foundation and broke the
University Senate into four parts. He discussed the initiation of a Capital
Budget for the University. He also discussed the South Fields Project. Dr.
Olscamp talked about instituting Student Evaluations in 1980. He reminisced
about Bill McDonald, Herb Taylor, Bill Gregory, Ritajean Butterworth, Ark Chin,
Barney Goltz and Jim Talbot. He discussed the murder of two Western students by
the Hillside Strangler as well as the murder of Bob Schlewitz in the Viking
Union. Dr. Olscamp talked about collective bargaining for faculty and the
reciprocal tuition arrangements with British Columbia. He also discussed his
Canadian roots. Transcript of interview available.
1998 December 4
Bill interviewed by James Scott
Bill O'Neil, Registrar and Vice Provost for Academic
Administration, attended Western as a student in 1939. After being drafted into
the Army during the Second World War, he pursued a master’s degree elsewhere
during the years 1954-1955. Two years later, he returned to Western and became
the admissions officer, then the Registar in 1962. Bill described the
construction of some of the buildings on campus including Haggard and Bond
Hall. He also recounted other changes that the university underwent during the
1950s and 1960s including academic, social, and administrative. He discussed
enrollment, the minimum grade point average, past presidents, budget and
personnel cutbacks, as well as the Vietnam War and student demonstrations.
O’Neil mentioned the progression Western’s presidents, administrators,
professors as well as their policies and methods of handling affairs. Transcript of interview available.
1993 March 9
and Goltz, H.A. Barney interviewed by James Scott
Bill O'Neil was Registrar and Vice Provost for Academic
Administration and H.A. 'Barney' Goltz was a State Senator and Campus Planner.
Bill O'Neil came to Western as a student in 1939. He discussed the treatment of
President Charles Fisher by local media and his eventual ousting. He also
discussed the Red Scare of the 1950s. He talked about the town/gown
relationship between Western and Bellingham. O'Neil discussed planning for
University outreach and how it changed over the years. He also discussed Dr.
Arthur Hicks' stage production of Shelley's "The Cenci" in 1940. He talked
about Merle Kuder. O'Neil discussed the change in student population and how it
effected administrative and faculty function. Barney Goltz described how he was
hired by Merle Kuder. They discussed the purchase of the Lakewood property.
They also discussed the change in administrative function in relation to
students since Dr. William Haggard's presidency. They talked about the
exponential growth of administrative posts as compared to that of the faculty
and students. They also discussed the lengthy amount of time it takes to make a
decision within the bureaucratic hierarchy of the University. They finished
with a discussion of campus expansion. Transcript of interview available.
1993 March 9
Goltz-Murray State Archives Building at Western Washington
This is an audio recording of the dedication ceremony of the
Goltz-Murray State Archives Building at Western Washington University.
Secretary of State Ralph Munro presided over the dedication. President Karen
Morse recognized the Board of Trustees of Western and discussed the development
of the concept for a regional archives building on the campus. Mary Kay Becker,
chairwoman of the Board of Trustees, discussed the importance of an archives to
the community. She also thanked Dr. Keith Murray and Senator Barney Goltz for
their contributions to the community. Sid McAlpin, State Archivist, discussed
the historical placement of state archives around Washington and recognized the
Regional State Archivists for their work. Jim Moore, the Western Region State
Archivist, recognized all those who worked on organizing and constructing the
new archives building. Dr. Bert Rhoads, former Archivist of the United States,
Professor of History, and Director of the Graduate Program in Archives
Administration and Records Management, recognized Secretary of State Munro for
his work on the building of the archives. He described what archives are and
how they function in society. He also recognized the work of Dr. James Scott.
Secretary of State Munro and Jim Moore read a declaration of recognition of the
honorees, Dr. Keith Murray and Senator Barney Goltz. Secretary of State Munro
also read the plaque honoring Dr. Murray and Senator Goltz which would be
placed at the entrance to the archives building. He also discussed why those
particular men were chosen to have their names on the building. Senator Goltz
and Dr. Murray then gave thank you statements. Closing remarks were made by
Secretary of State Munro and President Morse. Transcript of interview available.
1993 August 5
Presidents (Harvey Bunke, Charles Flora, James L. Jarrett, Paul Olscamp)
interviewed by James Scott and Don Eklund
Four Former Presidents of Western Washington University: Dr.
James L. Jarrett, Dr. Harvey C. Bunke, Dr. Charles J. “Jerry” Flora, and Dr.
Paul J. Olscamp were interviewed. The interview began with Dr. James Jarrett
relating his personal history. He discussed his mission to liberalize Western
during his presidency and the beginning of the Humanities Program. He also
discussed the university name change and gaining the right to grant Bachelor's
degrees.. Then Dr. Harvey Bunke told his personal history. He remembered the
turmoil that surrounded his presidency. Dr. Bunke also discussed the addition
of new programs and colleges such as Fairhaven College. Dr. Jerry Flora then
told his personal history. Dr. Flora came to Western as a Biology professor and
served under all of the other three presidents. Dr. Paul Olscamp also discussed
his personal history. He arrived at Western in 1975 with ideas to increase
fundraising and to create a separate College of Education. He also talked about
the name change from Western Washington State College to Western Washington
University. The four presidents then discussed the relationships they had with
the Board of Trustees. Dr. Flora recalled the problems of the 1970s including
cutbacks and student activism. They discussed the changing emphasis on teaching
and research. The men then discussed collective bargaining for the faculty.
They also discussed collegiality. The four presidents commented on what makes a
good administrator. The discussion ended with Dr. Flora discussing the marine
laboratory at Shannon Point. Transcript of interview available.
February 24, 1993
Ingeberg interviewed by Kathryn Anderson
Dr. Ingeberg Paulus, Associate Professor Emeritus of
Sociology, described the personal and professional paths that led her to
Western. She discussed studying at the University of London. She talked about
her youth in post-war Germany and how she got to Canada. Dr. Paulus discussed
her interest in and experience with gender issues. She also discussed her
research on border smuggling. She talked about her perceptions of students over
her twenty year career at Western. She also talked about her interests and
activities after retirement. Dr. Paulus discussed the collegial climate at
Western as well as the reduction in force (R.I.F.) in the early 1970s. She
discussed the cultural offerings of Western and Bellingham. She also talked
about criminology, the Equal Rights Amendment and what made her retire. The
folder also contains newspaper articles and other documents relating to Dr.
Paulus’ years at Western. Transcript of interview available.
undated; 1996 July 10
Dorothy interviewed by James Scott
Dr. Dorothy Ramsland, Professor Emeritus and Chair of Home
Economics, joined the faculty of Western in 1949 to teach Home Economics during
President William Haggard's administration. She talked about the early staff.
She also talked about the older faculty's positive treatment of new faculty.
She discussed faculty women and their accomplishments. She talked about the
Faculty Forum. She also discussed President James Jarrett, the Great Books
program and the changes wrought by his administration. Dr. Ramsland told
anecdotes about Dr. Jarrett. She talked about President Harvey Bunke and the
attempt to discontinue Home Economics. She told anecdotes about President Jerry
Flora and discussed town and gown relations between Western and Bellingham. Dr.
Ramsland discussed President Paul Olscamp, Ralph Thompson, Jim Davis and
President Robert Ross. She also discussed various president's "open-door"
policy for faculty. She talked about the lack of books at the library as well
as librarians Mabel Zoe Wilson and Mildred Herrick. She discussed the campus
sculpture collection. Dr. Ramsland talked about the Capital Nomenclature
Committee. She also discussed Sam Buchanan as well as the reasons she remained
at Western.Transcript of interview available.
1993 August 9
Dorothy interviewed by Kathryn Anderson
Dr. Dorothy Ramsland, Professor Emeritus and Chair of Home
Economics, discussed her interactions with students during her career as well
as the success of various graduates. She described the changes in students over
the four decades she worked at Western. She also described the changes in the
Home Economics field. Dr. Ramsland talked about being a female administrator on
a male-dominated campus. She discussed her department's use of space and their
successes over the years. She described the culture of women faculty on campus.
Dr. Ramsland discussed her decision to get her Ph.D. as well as the costs of
pursuing a demanding career. Transcript of interview available.
1996 July 29
James interviewed by Todd Welsh
Dr. James Rhoads, former Archivist of the United States,
Professor of History, and Director of the Graduate Program in Archives
Administration and Records Management, discussed his education and how he found
a job at the National Archives in Washington, D.C. He became the Archivist of
the United States in 1968. He discussed many projects that he worked on during
that time. He discussed the creation of the Archives/Records Management program
at Western. He talked about Dr. Paul Kohl and what he brought to the program.
Dr. Rhoads discussed his short-term appointment to teach the program after Dr.
Kohl's death and how that became a permanent appointment. He discussed
modifications to and the expansion of classes in the program. He also discussed
various alumni. He talked about the Centennial Committee and the Founders Day
Committee. He also talked about his plans for retirement. Transcript of interview available.
1993 June 25
Mary interviewed by James Scott
Mary R. Robinson, Senior Administrator and Vice Provost, came
to Western in 1969 after nine years at American University of Beirut. She
discussed the student disturbances on campus when she started at Western. She
discussed Dean Bill McDonald and the transition from the policy of 'in loco
parentis'. She talked about the beginnings of Affirmative Action in the early
1970s. Robinson became Associate Dean of Students and Affirmative Action
Officer in 1972. She discussed Jerry Flora, Paul Olscamp, Jim Talbot and the
growth of the administration over time. She also discussed the growth of women
administrators at Western. She talked about Affirmative Action and the
additions of female faculty. Robinson discussed the attributes of presidents
Jerry Flora, Paul Olscamp, Robert Ross and Ken Mortimer. She also discussed
Ruth Platt, Leona Sundquist, Bill McDonald and Jim Talbot.Transcript of interview available.
1993 July 28
Mary interviewed by Kathryn Anderson
Mary R. Robinson, Senior Administrator and Vice Provost,
talked about the creation of daycare services for students with children. She
also talked about the attempt to academically broaden the Child Development
Center. She discussed Women's Studies and the acceptance of Affirmative Action
on campus. She also discussed Affirmative Action and dealing with Native
American students. Robinson described the changes in students since she began
working at Western. She discussed Title IX and Women's sports. She also
discussed the addition of women to the staff and how the resistance of men has
changed. She finished by talking about her retirement. Transcript of interview available.
1996 July 23
Alan interviewed by James Scott
Dr. Alan Ross, Professor Emeritus and Dean of Graduate
School, came to Western as a student in 1929 and returned as a teacher after
World War II. He discussed the Campus School and building locations in the
1940s. He discussed President William Haggard and the campus transformation
under President James Jarrett. He also discussed the termination of the
Curriculum Committee. Dr. Ross described Western's link to the State
Legislature. He also described his place in Jerry Flora's administration. He
discussed his part in obtaining the right to grant doctoral degrees. He talked
about the cluster colleges of Fairhaven, Huxley and the College of Ethnic
Studies. He also talked about the College of Business and Economics and the
College of Fine and Performing Arts. Dr. Ross discussed the expansion of the
University and the administration. He also discussed Barney Goltz, Dr. James
Jarrett, Dr. Jerry Flora and Dr. Paul Olscamp. Transcript of interview available.
1993 May 6
Alan interviewed by Lynne Masland
Dr. Alan Ross, Professor Emeritus and Dean of Graduate
School, discussed his early upbringing along the Stilliguamish River as well as
in Whatcom County. He discussed working on steamers bound for Alaska and
attending the Normal School. He talked about Ed Arntzen and Lucy Kangley. He
also talked about his educational path at the University of Chicago and Yale.
Dr. Ross discussed his work in the Navy during World War II. He also discussed
his two sons. He talked about President William Haggard. He described his work
with the National Council on the Accreditation of Teachers and Administrators
and the Northwest Association of Secondary and Higher Schools. He also talked
about the University receiving the right to grant doctoral degrees but not
using it. Folder includes biographical materials. Transcript of interview available.
1995 August 29
James interviewed by James Hitchman
Dr. James Scott, Professor Emeritus and Chair of Geography,
Director of the Center for Pacific Northwest Studies discussed his family and
early life in England. He described attending St. Catharine's College in
Cambridge as well as the educational system in England. Dr. Scott took teaching
positions in Argentina, Canada and finally Indiana. He joined Western's faculty
in 1966. He discussed the impetus for organizing the Center for Pacific
Northwest Studies. He also discussed the Center's activities and publications.
He described his association with the Washington State Centennial Commission.
He also described his work on publishing a Washington State atlas. Dr. Scott
talked about being Chair of the Geography department. He also talked about the
incorporation of the Geography department into Huxley College. He discussed
what he expects from students as well as the quality of Western as a teaching
institution. Transcript of interview available.
1993 August 28
and Delorme, R.L. interviewed by Haynes Fay for the KGMI Impact Program.
Dr. James Scott, Professor Emeritus and Chair of Geography,
Director of the Center for Pacific Northwest Studies and Dr. Roland L. DeLorme,
Provost of Western Washington University, professor in Humanities in the
Department of History. Dr. Scott and Dr. DeLorme were on the show to discuss
the publication of their Historical Atlas of
Washington. They discussed the origination of the idea for the atlas in
the early 1970s and the long road to its publication in 1988. They discussed
Dr. DeLorme's involvement with the project. They talked about the book's
potential use in the classroom. They also talked about various topics covered
in the atlas. They discussed the University of Oklahoma Press which published
their book. Dr. Scott and Dr. DeLorme discussed their research for the atlas.
They also discussed Ray McInnis and Nancy Pryor. Dr. Scott discussed the future
publication of the Centennial Atlas of Washington.
They talked about the boundary formulations for Whatcom County. They also
answered questions from various callers. Transcript of interview available
Bearnice interviewed by Lynne Masland
Dr. Bearnice Skeen, Professor Emeritus of Education, Director
of the Campus School, and Co-chair of the Department of Education, discussed
being Co-chair of the Education department. She also discussed Dr. Raymond Hawk
whom she assisted at the Campus School. She talked about her youth in Nebraska
and Portland, Oregon. Dr. Skeen discussed her brother, Earle Stewart. She
discussed coming to Western in 1947. She also discussed the women who worked on
campus such as Florence Kirkpatrick, Leona Sundquist, Evelyn Odom, Mira Booth,
Lucy Kangley and Synva Nichol. She talked about the Campus School and various
teachers. She also talked about Ralph Thompson, Lucille Barron and Lorraine
Powers. Dr. Skeen described where she lived in Bellingham as well as faculty
relations with the town. She talked about the loss of the Campus School. She
discussed her faculty tea parties. She also discussed the changes in student
backgrounds over the years. She remembered people such as Sam Kelly, Marie
Pabst, Dr. E.A. Bond, Dr. Freehill, Merle Kuder, Dorothy Ramsland, Ruby McInnis
and Mabel "Hodgie" Hodges. Dr. Skeen talked about her trip around the world in
84 days. Transcript of interview available.
1996 January 4
Bearnice interviewed by Lynne Masland
Dr. Bearnice Skeen, Professor Emeritus of Education, Director
of the Campus School, Co-chair of the Department of Education. Dr. Skeen
discussed Arthur Hicks. She talked about various people and buildings. She
discussed Dr. Haggard and Marge Kingsley. She also discussed the Blue Room of
Edens Hall. Dr. Skeen talked about Sam Carver. She also talked about the
acceptance of female faculty in the 1940s. She discussed Dr. Raymond Hawk,
Mabel "Hodgie" Hodges, Merle Kuder, Lorraine Powers and Dean Bill McDonald. She
talked about the tea parties she hosted. Dr. Skeen discussed her family. She
also discussed Edna Channer, Evelyn Odom and Arthur Hicks. She described her
youth in Nebraska as well as her living family members. She talked about her
brothers, Earle and Walt Stewart. She discussed her work with Altrusa and the
Delta Kappa Gamma Society. She also discussed the book she wrote with Leona
Bond entitled The Bond-Skeen Typing Program. The
folder also contains newspaper articles and other information about Bearnice
Skeen. Transcript of interview available.
1996 April 10
Al interviewed by Larry DeLorme
Al Swift, U.S. Representative of the 2nd Congressional
District of Washington State, described why he pursued a political career. He
discussed the radicalization of both liberalism and conservatism in the 1990s.
He discussed the rise of Newt Gingrich and his beliefs. He talked about the
destructiveness of radical partisan politics. Congressman Swift talked about
his first campaign work for Lloyd Meeks. He discussed the rise of women as
professional campaign workers and how that contrasts with their traditional
role as volunteers. He also discussed the political history of the 2nd
Congressional District. He talked about Dick Kink, Bill Clement and Irmine
Geery. He discussed why voters have a deep cynicism toward the democratic
process. Congressmen Swift discussed the complexity of campaign laws and how
the professionalization of campaign workers has raised the cost of campaigns.
He also discussed the need for enforced spending limits so as to bring
political campaigns back down to a "human" level. He talked about Populists and
the need for political accountability. He described a lack of focus on the part
of the public regarding what they want of elected officials. He also described
the poor reporting of the media. Congressman Swift discussed the volatility of
major industrialized governments. He also talked about the insecurity of
American jobs which results in public contempt for Congress. He described the
political orientation of the 2nd Congressional district. He also talked about
the Balanced Budget Amendment. Congressman Swift discussed the number of women
now in the political system as opposed to their numbers in Congress. He
described a group exercise he did with fourth-graders on democratic
decision-making and how that reflects the outcome of all democratic processes.
He also discussed his feelings on leaving Congress. Transcript of interview available.
1994 October 27
Ken interviewed by Steve Inge
Ken M. Symes, Vice Provost for Undergraduate and Extended
Programs, came to Western in 1967 to teach medieval literature. He discussed
Bill Clement and Sam Kelly. He also discussed Western from the years 1967 to
1987. He talked about the changes in Washington State higher education since
1987 and where Western fits in. Mr. Symes discussed the change from
competitiveness to cooperation between educational institutions. He also
discussed teaching by technology. He talked about people such as Paul Woodring,
R.D. Brown, Pete Elich and Larry DeLorme.Transcript of interview available.
1999 January 19
(Christopher) interviewed by Steve Inge
Dr. Kit (Christopher) Taylor, Professor of Psychology, joined
the faculty of Western in 1968 to teach Psychology. He discussed the student
turmoil on campus in the late 1960s. He discussed the 1968 Northwest Freedom
University Halloween party. He talked about Merle Meyer. He also talked about
his personal reactions to the student protests of the late 1960s. Dr. Taylor
discussed "invitation-only" poker games which included Paul Woodring, Stan
Daugert, Henry Adams, Sam Kelly, Herb Taylor and Ulrich Mammitzsch. He also
discussed Sam Kelly in detail. He talked about faculty unionization. He also
talked about the deaths of President Robert Ross, Jeannene DeLille and Don Cole
as well as the event that kept his wife, Saundra Taylor, from being on their
flight. Transcript of interview available.
1999 April 29
Saundra interviewed by Steve Inge
Dr. Saundra L. Taylor, Clinical Psychologist and Vice
President for Student Affairs, joined Western's faculty in 1968 as an associate
Professor in Psychology. She was assigned to the Counciling Center. She talked
about her first assignment dealing with student protesters. She discussed being
an African American councilor and people's pre-conceptions of her job at
Western. She also discussed being a councilor-on-call for Fairhaven College.
She talked about Chuck Harwood's vision for Fairhaven. Dr. Taylor described the
Orcas Island student/administrator retreat of the early 1970s. She discussed
President Paul Olscamp. She discussed the achievements of Vice President
Quinlan. She talked about her stint as interim Vice President for Student
Affairs under President Robert Ross as well as her permanent appointment to
that position. She also discussed the plane crash that took the life of
President Ross. Dr. Taylor talked about President Ken Mortimer. She discussed
moving to the University of Arizona. She also discussed the Minority
Achievement Program at Western. She talked about the Division of Student
Affairs. Dr. Taylor discussed people she felt were her mentors such as Frank
Nugent, Bill McKay, Mary Robinson, Jim Talbot, Jesse Hiraoka, President Ross
and Paul Woodring. She talked about the pull of the local environment on
faculty and how it factors into a decision to move on or stay at Western. She
also talked about Ray Romine. Transcript of interview available.
1999 April 29
Manfred interviewed by James Scott
Dr. Manfred Vernon, Professor Emeritus of Political Science,
discussed his job rejection by the German Ministry of Justice based on racial
prejudice in 1933. He discussed coming to the United States in 1939 and serving
in the military during World War II. He described the jobs he had at the
University of Michigan, the U.S. State Department and the University of
Alabama. Dr. Vernon joined Western's faculty in 1964 to escape the social
tensions of the South and to start the Department of Political Science. He
talked about building the department from scratch and having it quickly
admitted as a Graduate Department. He also talked about President James
Jarrett, Paul Woodring, Ralph Thompson and President Harvey Bunke. He discussed
his involvement with the Humanities Program. Dr. Vernon talked about student
activities and turmoil in the late 1960s. He also talked about the difficulties
of being department chair at that time. He discussed his involvement with
Huxley College. He described attending the United Nations Conference on the
Human Environment in Stockholm in 1972. Dr. Vernon retired in 1974 but was
appointed Honorary Lecturer in Political Geography in the Geography department.
He described his role in the American Sector of the International Point Roberts
Board of the International Joint Commission United States-Canada. He discussed
KVOS T.V., Al Swift, community conferences and Dixie Lee Ray. He also discussed
presidents James Jarrett, Paul Woodring, Harvey Bunke, Jerry Flora and Paul
Olscamp. Dr. Vernon talked about the tension between the need to teach and the
need to research. He also discussed the changes in students since the 1960s.
Transcript of interview available.
1993 April 21
Manfred interviewed by Steve Inge
Dr. Manfred Vernon, Professor Emeritus of Political Science,
discussed why he came to Western in 1964. He discussed his work starting the
Political Science department and the lack of office materials. He also
discussed Ann Halverson, John Wuest, John Hebal and Dick Payne. Dr. Vernon
talked about the lack of materials in the library, his department gaining the
right to issue graduate degrees and the beginning of the Honors Program. He
discussed successful graduates, particularly Ralph Munro. He also discussed the
difficulties of being department chair during the 1960s. He talked about
Professor Colin Tweddell. Dr. Vernon described his involvement with Dr. Jim
Scott on the Puget Sound Conferences, notably "Man, Government and the Sea",
"Fisheries in the Puget Sound" and "Oil Transportation on Puget Sound." He
discussed his connection with Huxley College. He talked about the student trip
to the United Nations Conference on the Human Environment in Stockholm in 1972.
He also talked about the extended traveling they did in Europe, including
Communist Eastern Europe. He discussed the furor surrounding Point Roberts in
the 1970s. He also discussed the television show he hosted on local station
KVOS. Transcript of interview available.
2000 May 25
Mary interviewed by James Scott
Dr. Mary Watrous, Professor Emeritus of Woodring College of
Education, discussed her early education in New York and Nebraska. She was
hired without an interview by Dr. Raymond Hawk in 1957. She discussed her first
impressions of Western and President William Haggard. She also discussed
President James Jarrett and the beginning of the Humanities Program. She talked
about faculty growth and the low emphasis placed on teaching students. Dr.
Watrous discussed the negative effect that grants have on faculty. She talked
about student unrest over Vietnam in the 1960s. She also talked about being
president of the Faculty Forum. She discussed Jerry Flora and Bill McDonald.
There was more discussion on student turmoil in the 1960s. She also talked
about grade challenges made by students. Dr Watrous discussed the Junior
Writing Exam. She discussed President Paul Olscamp. She also discussed her
run-in with the Affirmative Action Committee. She talked about the general
acceptance of low quality doctoral dissertations since the 1960s and 1970s. She
described the essential qualities of a college president. She discussed the
decline in the quality of education in Washington and the rest of the nation.
She also discussed the lack of value in current academic standards. Transcript of interview available.