Guide to the William L. Finley Papers
1899-1946

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Overview of the Collection

Creator: Finley, William L. (William Lovell), 1876-1953
Title: William L. Finley Papers
Dates: 1899-1946 ( inclusive )
Quantity: 11 cubic feet, including 277 photographs (18 boxes, including 1 oversize box and 1 map folder)
Collection Number:
Summary: The William L. Finley Papers document the wildlife conservation work of Finley and his wife Irene, and the photography work of Herman T. Bohlman, who worked with Finley in the first decade of the 20th century. Finley was a photographer, filmmaker, and author who wrote and lectured extensively on wildlife conservation issues. The collection includes published and unpublished manuscripts, lecture and field notes, reports, correspondence, photographs and motion picture films.
Repository: Oregon State University Libraries
University Archives

121 The Valley Library
Oregon State University
Corvallis, OR 97331-4501
Phone: 541-737-2165
Email: archives@oregonstate.edu
Web: http://osulibrary.oregonstate.edu/archives

Languages: Materials in English. 
Sponsor: Funding for encoding this finding aid was provided through a grant awarded by the National Endowment for the Humanities.

Historical Note

Renowned wildlife conservationist William L. Finley was born on August 9, 1876 in Santa Clara, California. His family moved to Portland, Oregon, in 1887. Finley graduated from the University of California in 1903 and in 1906 he married Nellie Irene Barnhart. The Finleys lived for many years at Jennings Lodge, Oregon, south of Portland.

Between 1900 and 1908, Finley and friend and partner Herman T. Bohlman made several trips around the Pacific Northwest to photograph birds. Finley published American Birds in 1907, and subsequently published two other books and over 100 illustrated articles in newspapers and wildlife magazines. He helped found the Oregon Audobon Society in 1902, assisted in setting up Oregon's first Fish and Game Commission in 1911 (Finley served as commissioner from the Portland area), served as state Game Warden in the 1910s, and later helped set up the system of federal wildlife refuges in Oregon. The Finley Wildlife Refuge south of Corvallis is named for him. The Finleys made their first motion picture in 1910, and in the 1920s and 1930s they made several wildlife films of expeditions that they took to Alaska, the Rocky Mountains, British Columbia, and other places. They used the films in nationwide lecture tours sponsored by the American Nature Association.

William L. Finley was a nephew of William A. Finley, the first president of Corvallis College, which today is Oregon State University. The school conferred an honorary degree upon him in 1931. Finley died on June 29, 1953.

For detailed information on Finley's life, see William L. Finley: Pioneer Wildlife Photographer, by Worth Mathewson (OSU Press, 1986). Copies of this book are located in the OSU Valley Library, including the University Archives.

Content Description

William L. Finley's papers primarily document his work as a wildlife conservationist, author, lecturer, photographer, and filmmaker from about 1900 to 1940. The collection also documents the work his wife Irene Finley and photography partner Herman Bohlman. The collection consists of published and unpublished manuscripts, lecture and field notes, reports, correspondence, photographs and motion picture films.

Use of the Collection

Restrictions on Access :  

Collection is open for research. Original motion picture films are restricted; researchers are to use VHS or DVD reference copies.

Preferred Citation :  

William L. Finley Papers, Oregon State University Archives, Corvallis, Oregon.

Administrative Information

Arrangement :

The collection is arranged into ten series: I. Manuscripts; II. Publications; III. Correspondence; IV. Lectures; V. Trip Notes; VI. Organizations and Issues; VII. Personal Materials; VIII. Motion Picture Films; IX. Photographs and Painting; and X. Oversize Materials.

Related Materials :  

Photographs of and possibly by Finley can be found in the Herman T. Bohlman Photograph Collection (P 202). Other photographs taken by Finley and Bohlman and used in Birds of Oregon can be found in University Publications and OSU Press Records (RG 18). Finley correspondence is located in the Roland E. Dimick Papers.

Most of Finley's photographs and many of his films are held by the Oregon Historical Society in Portland. Other Finley photographs are a part of the collections of the Washington County (Oregon) Historical Society and the University of California at Berkeley. The Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife in Salem also holds a sizeable number of Finley photographs.


Detailed Description of the Collection

Series I:  Manuscripts, circa 1910-1942
10 folders

This series consists of typewritten and handwritten manuscripts of newspaper and magazine articles, books, lecture notes, circa 1910-1942. Some were submitted to publications such as Pacific Monthly, Sunset Magazine, Century and Nature Magazine. Many describe particular species of birds. Authors include William L. Finley, Irene Finley, Phoebe Finley, Kenneth Reid, and Ed Averill.

Container(s)

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Series II:  Publications, 1905-1945

This series consists of publications, including typescripts of articles written by William and Irene Finley and Ed Averill for the Oregon Journal between 1935 and 1945. The articles describe bird, fish and mammal species, wildlife refuges, and trips taken by the Finleys. Some are editorial in nature, such as advocating for a new Portland zoo or calling for certain limits on hunting. The series also includes articles written for Nature, National Geographic, and other publications.

Container(s)
Description
Box
3-4 Typescripts of articles published in the Oregon Journal, 1935-1945
6 folders
4 "A Study in Bird Confidence," William L. Finley, The Condor, July/August 1905
4 "The Cruise of a Modern Prairie Schooner," December 1910 (article sent to several newspapers)
4 "Hunting Birds with a Camera," William L. Finley, reprint from National Geographic Magazine, 1923
4 "Camera Hunting in the Northland," Nature, February - May 1927
4 Sketch of Irene Finley's experiences for the Associated Press, 1928
4 Newspapers -- letters to the editor and news releases, 1930-1931 and undated
4 Arthur N. Pack's mountain lion articles, February 1930
4 "Believe it or Not" contest, Oregonian, 1932
4 "Sportsmen Kill the Goose" and "Fish," Nature article typescripts, 1933
4 Seth Gordon article reprints, 1935
4 Article typescripts written by Phoebe Finley and William L. Finley, Jr. for high school publications, 1922-1924 and undated

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Series III:  Correspondence, 1926-1940

This series consists of correspondence between William and Irene Finley, between the Finleys and Campbell Church, and pertaining to the Finleys' 1926 Alaska trip.

Container(s)
Description
Box
4 Irene Finley to/from William L. Finley, December 1928 and January 1935
4 Campbell Church, 1926-1929
4 Alaska trip to Pribilof Islands, 1926
4 General, 1928-1940

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Series IV:  Lectures, 1930-1940

Series IV consists of radio talks and brochures, clippings and ephemera pertaining to Finley's film lectures.

Container(s)
Description
Box
4 "Malheur (Lake-Blitzen Valley) Migratory Waterfowl Refuge," proposed radio talk developed by William L. Finley and Stanley Jewett, 1935
4 Radio talk, "Northwestern Neighbors," Northwestern Electric, June 11, 1935
4 Film lecture introductory remarks, undated
4 Film lecture brochures, circa 1930s
14 Film lecture brochures, "Camera Hunting on the Continental Divide"Film lecture brochures, "Camera Hunting on the Continental Divide"   digital content available , undated
apx 12x17 in.
5 Mounted clippings and ephemera pertaining to Finley's lectures, 1930-1935
6 Mounted clippings and ephemera pertaining to Finley's lectures, 1936-1940

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Series V:  Trip Notes, 1926-1938

This series consists of trip notes, most of which pertain to the Finleys' 1926 Alaska trip. Other notes document a 1931 Alaska trip by Arthur Pack and William Alakangas, a 1929 trip to Arizona and New Mexico, a 1927-28 trip to the eastern United States, and a 1938 trip to Oregon's Paulina Lake.

Container(s)
Description
Box
7 William L. Finley, Alaska, 1926 and undated
7 Irene Finley, notes on Campbell Church trip, Alaska, 1926
7 Irene Finley, Alaska, 1926
7 Alaska notes, 1926
7 Arthur Pack, Alaska, 1931
7 William Alakangas (Chief Engineer of the Westward), Alaska, 1931
7 Arthur Pack?, Arizona-New Mexico expedition, 1929
7 Eastern trip, 1927-1928
7 Paulina Lake, Oregon, August 1938

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Series VI:  Organizations and Issues, 1909-1946

This series consists of files pertaining to various organization and issues. Organizations represented include the Isaac Walton League, the U.S. Forest Service, the U.S. Bureau of Reclamation, the U.S. Bureau of Biological Survey, and the Oregon State Planning Board. Issues include reclamation in the Klamath and Malheur basins, salmon and Bonneville Dam, stream pollution, and mountain lions. Also included is a 1915 report by Stanley Jewett, "Report on Birds Seen at Netarts Bay."

Container(s)
Description
Box
7 "Report on Birds Seen at Netarts Bay," Oregon, Stanley Jewett, Jan. 26-Feb. 12, 1915
7 Fouke Fur Company, fur seal contract, 1931-1933
7 Isaak Walton League, 1935
7 Pollution of Streams, 1926
7 Klamath and Malheur materials, 1930-1935 and undated
7 Klamath Reclamation, 1917-1935
8 Notes on mountain lions, 1929 and undated
8 Oregon State Planning Board, 1934-1936
8 Report, President's Committee on Wildlife Restoration, 1934
8 Salmon and Bonneville Dam, 1934-1937 and undated
14 Salmon and Bonneville Dam drawings, 1934 and 1937
apx 12x17 in.
8 Scheffer Reports (Theo H. Scheffer) -- waterfowl surveys, 1933-1935 and undated
8 United States vs. State of Oregon (Malheur and Harney Lakes), 1933-1934 and undated
8 U.S.D.A., Bureau of Biological Survey, Migratory Bird Advisory Board, 1933-1935
8 U. S. Department of Interior, agreement between Bureau of Reclamation and Biological Survey, 1935
8 U.S. Department of Interior proposed name change, 1935
8 U.S. Department of Interior, Bureau of Reclamation, 1923-1934
Klamath District issues.
8 U.S. Forest Service, "Lake Survey of the Willamette National Forest", December 1937
8 General information on wildlife, 1909-1946
8 Reference index cards, undated

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Series VII:  Personal Materials, 1899-circa 1920

This series consists of personal materials and includes academic materials and ephemera from William Finley's student days at the University of California, William and Irene Finley's 1906 wedding book, and Phoebe Finley's notebook on costume design from the 1920s.

Container(s)
Description
Box
9 State Game Commission letterhead, circa 1911
9 Notebook, "Costume Design," Phoebe Finley, circa 1920s
University of California
Box
9 Exams and scholastic reports, 1899-1901 and undated
9 Class notebook, undated
9 Expense records, 1901-1902 and undated
9 Programs and dance cards, 1899-1904
9 The Occident (literary magazine), 1900-1902
14 Composition, "California's Grecian Theatre," William L. Finley, undated
apx 12x17 in.
14 Wedding book, William and Irene Finley, 1906
apx 12x17 in.

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Series VIII:  Motion Picture Films, circa 1927-1935

Series VIII consists of several of Finley's motion picture films and related materials, such as film ownership notes, lecture posters, title lists and title placards. The films are silent, black and white 35mm safety film copies of earlier nitrate films and are grouped into three subseries. The first group consists of six films of the Pacific Northwest and Montana and date from 1927 to circa 1930. They document forests, Bonneville Dam, waterfowl, salmon, Crater Lake, and elk and mountain goats in Montana. The second group consists of five Alaska films documenting the Finleys' 1926 Alaska trip, various Aleutian Islands, Kenai, and Mt. McKinley. The third group consists of short film segments. They show the Finleys on board a ship, probably from one of their Alaska trips, and in Arizona and New Mexico. The latter includes footage of cactus and desert wildlife and birds All films have been transferred and include a BetaSP or MiniDV duplication master and a VHS or DVD use copy.

Container(s)
Description
Film notes, title lists and ownership information
Box
9 "Exhibitor Says No," New Outlook, July 1935
article on showing of motion pictures in non-theater settings
9 Film notes sent to Paramount Pictorial, 1933-1934
9 Film title lists
9 Film ownership, circa 1930
14 Film ownership notes, circa 1932
apx 12x17 in.
14 Film lecture poster for "Wild Animal Ouposts", circa 1927
apx 12x17 in.
Box
10-13 Film title placards
15 Films 35mm, silent, black and white, safety base, 1926-1930
All films have been transferred and include a BetaSP or MiniDV duplication master and a VHS or DVD use copy.
Original motion picture films are resticted; researchers are to use VHS or DVD reference copies.
Films of the Pacific Northwest, Montana and Colorado (6 reels)
Box
15 Woods, Waters, and Wildlife, circa 1930
By William L. Finley and Arthur N. Pack of the American Nature Association. Includes footage of fishing at Celilo Falls and the Oregon Coast (including Cape Perpetua, Heceta Head Lighthouse, Sea Lion Caves, and Three Arch Rocks). Includes title panels Crater Lake National Park; The Harvest of the Columbia; and Salmon, the main food of the Indians.
15 The Forests, 1927
15 The Passing of the Marshlands, circa 1930
By William L. Finley and Arthur N. Pack of the American Nature Association. Includes title panels The Reclamation Service turns Lower Klamath over to land promoters; Clear Lake Reservation in 1912; A waterfowl refuge partly drained and leased to stockmen; Malheur Lake Reservation in 1915; and A dry lake, no birds and a world of dust.
15 Waterfowl, circa 1930
By William L. Finley and Arthur N. Pack of the American Nature Association. Includes footage of various birds, including their nesting sites. The film ends with footage of a pet quail and pet duck with the family dog. Includes title panels P Ranch, 40 miles of water and marshland, added to Malheur refuge; Trapping and banding ducks; Winter refuge for waterfowl; and A new kind of duck dog.
15 Getting Our Goat, 1930
By William L. Finley and Arthur N. Pack of Nature Magazine. Footage shows Finley donning a goat costume on order to approach the goats more closely for filming. Includes title panels Ptarmigan or snow grouse; On to Boulder Pass; Top of the Continental Divide; This was a splendid goat country, but we still had to climb the peaks to get above the goats unobserved; and It takes a goat to get a goat.
15 In the Wake of the Wapiti, 1930
By William L. Finley and Arthur N. Pack of Nature Magazine. Filmed near Red Eagle (Montana?); includes footage of camp, porcupine, elk, moose and mountain goats. Includes title panels Fool hens; The trail needed patching; Leaving our horses we crept cautiously to the edge of a steep bank and peered over; The idea was to lie in wait at the stream crossing below the lick -- and it worked; and In the moose country.
Alaska films, probably used in Finley's "Wild Animal Outposts" lecture (5 reels)
Box
16 Wild Animal Outposts, 1926
By William L. and Irene Finley of Nature Magazine. Includes footage of salmon fishing and fish counts. Includes title panels The story of the Bering Sea Expedition, led by Campbell Church and William L. Finley, under the auspices of the American nature Association and the Bureau of Fisheries of the United States Department of Commerce; Smaller craft for cruising rivers and lakes; Buffy joins the expedition. [water bird]; A salmon cannery at the head of the bay; Food for a nation in a salmon trap; The future of the salmon crop is guarded by the United States Bureau of Fisheries; and On up the river with the salmon run.
16 Kenai and Kodiak, circa 1930
By William L. and Irene Finley of Nature Magazine. Includes title panels Shooting mountain sheep from an ambush; Only Aleuts can fish here; Climbing to the aery of an American eagle; Nearby dinner for young eagles; and A joker somewhere the rest never humped and rolled like this.
16 Unimak and Bogoslof, circa 1930
By William L. and Irene Finley of Nature Magazine. Includes title panels Returning to camp -- are we friend or foe?; A nest at the edge of the crater; Far below, on the beach, live the sea lions; and Are you a relative of mine?
16 The Pribilof Islands, circa 1930
By William L. and Irene Finley of Nature Magazine. Includes footage the Westward, Native Alaskan children and a whale hunt. Includes title panels The bidarrah or ferry-boat at St. Paul; Santa Claus; The haunts of the blue fox; The lemming of the north; A Bering Sea beach, home of the fur seals; A stranger on the Pribilofs. [a bear cub]; Farewell to the Pribilofs -- we go a-whaling; and On the trail of Jonah.
16 Mt. McKinley National Park, circa 1930
By William L. and Irene Finley of Nature Magazine. Includes footage of glaciers, wildlife, the Westward and a pet fawn. Includes title panels: On the lookout for rock ptarmigan; Hunting snowshoe rabbits; and Tracking mountain sheep.
Box
16 Incomplete film segments, circa 1930
This includes various scenes (trims and out-takes) on board a ship and in Arizona and New Mexico. The film segments were spliced together in 2004. Includes footage of cactus and desert wildlife and birds. Includes title panels Potatoes may be all right, but crabs caught that very morning on the beach are better; Queer Creatures of the Cactus Country by William L. Finley and Arthur N. Pack of Nature Magazine; The Trail of the Rainbow by Arthur N. Pack and Eleanor Pack; On the plateau above the valley of the Chama River, New Mexico; We push on by way of lovely Mesa Verde, the home of forgotten races of mankind; and Repeated cloudbursts bring more difficulties.

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Series IX:  Photographs and Painting, circa 1900-circa 1940

This series consists of photographs and a painting. The bulk of the photographs are prints used in or similar to those in Finley's American Birds, taken by Finley and/or Herman Bohlman. Other photographs depict wildlife, including bears, mountain goats, birds and wolves; fish ladders at Bonneville Dam; and the Finleys and their children and grandchildren.

Container(s)
Description
Ten groups of mounted photos, some used in American Birds, circa 1900-1905
3 file folders
Red-Tailed Hawks
Box
17 Bohlman nearing the aerie of the red-tail in the tall cottonwood
17 Finley and Bohlman with cameras on a trail
17 Bohlman taking pictures at the aerie of the Red-tail, 120 feet from the ground
17 Nest and eggs of the Red-tail, April 15th
17 Another view of Bohlman taking pictures of the Red-tail nest
17 Young Red-tails in the downy stage, May 3rd
17 Bohlman unloading camera equipment in tree
17 Young Red-tails
17 Young Red-tails in the nest; river in background
17 Young Red-tails beyond downy stage (2 images)
17 Full-grown young Red-tails just before they left the aerie, May 24th
17 A full-grown young Red-tail, with the tail end of a carp showing in the nest
Flickers
Box
17 Photographing the Flickers' nest Photographing the Flickers' nest   digital content available
17 Nest and eggs of Flicker, with side of stump sawed outNest and eggs of Flicker, with side of stump sawed out   digital content available
17 Flicker at the front door of her home
17 Two Flickers on a stump
17 Four Flickers on a stump
17 Flicker on a branch
17 "About Face!" Five Flickers on a branchFive Flickers on a branch   digital content available
two images
Hummingbirds
Box
17 The Hummer saddled her cup on the lowest branch of a small fir
17 The nestlings began to fork out all over with tiny black horns
17 Young Hummers (two images)
17 Hummer in a nest in a fir tree
17 Hummers in a nest
17 Young Hummers about to leave the nest (two prints)
17 Hummer in a nest
17 The Hummer feeding her young by regurgitation. She jabs her log bill down the baby's throat and injects him with honey
17 Mother hummingbird on edge of nest about to brood young.Mother hummingbird on edge of nest about to brood young   digital content available
2 images
17 Rufous at home
Bush-tits
Box
17 Bush-tit perched on a branch
17 Nest
17 Male Bush-tit with green cutworm for young
17 Bush-tit at door of long-hanging nest (three images)
17 Young Bush-tits waiting to be fed
17 Young Bush-tits beside long pendant nest
17 Parent and young Bush-tits on Herman Bohlman's arm
17 Bush-tit feeding young on top of Finley's capBush-tit feeding young on top of Finley's cap   digital content available
Box
17 Photographing a nest
17 Nest
17 Several large nests (heron?) in trees
17 Heron? next to nest
17 Nest of fir branches with four eggs
17 Unidentified bird
four images
17 Young perched on branch outside of nest
17 Two young robins? in nest
17 Nest with four eggs
two prints
17 Three birds in a cherry tree
two images
17 Young robins
Bluebirds
Box
17 Bluebird? feeding young
17 Bluebird at nest hole
three images
17 A mother Bluebird poising an instant after feeding her young
17 Bluebird? on a tree branch
17 Nest and eggs of Yellow-throat?
17 Baby Yellow-throats in nest?
17 Nest and eggs of the Song Sparrow
17 Kingfishers perched on a snag
17 Kingfishers on the first day out of the nest fully fledged
17 Six of the frowzy-headed Fishers in a poseSix of the frowzy-headed Fishers in a pose   digital content available
17 Three unidentified babies in a nest
Wrens
Box
17 Mother Wren at the nest hole
(two images)
17 Young Wrens just after leaving the next (four images)
Wrens perched on a stump
17 Wide awake and on the tiptoe of expectancy
17 Feeding young Wrens
Yellow-throats
Box
17 Young Yellow-throats quarrelling
two images
17 Adult Yellow-throat with worm
17 The mother came with a big spider
17 Yellow-throats in a tree
two images
17 Male Yellow-throat
17 Father Yellow-throat and young
17 Mother Yellow-throat and young
17 The mother dropped to the perch, and gave the nearer one a big caterpillar
17 Father Yellow-throat feeding young
two images
17 Mother Yellow-throat and young
Warblers
Box
17 Nest and eggs of the Black-throated Gray Warbler
17 The mother often brought in green cutworms
17 Two small nestlings
17 Disputing while mother is away
17 Two Warblers on a branch
17 Mother Warbler feeding young
17 Feeding fledglings
six images
Chickadees
Box
17 Nest in a tree
17 Nest and eggs of Chickadee
17 Chickadee at the threshold of her home
17 Mother Chickadee at back door of her nest
17 Chickadee at nest hole
17 Chickadees on perch outside of nest hole
three images
17 Chickadees in a family jar
17 Chickadees on a stump; adult feeding young
17 "Here we are! We are seven." Chickadees on a perch outside nest holeChickadess on a perch outside nest hole   digital content available
Box
17 Bohlman and Finley in camp along the Lewis River?
17 Ellis Hadley (left), William Finley (center), and Herman Bohlman wading across a river on their way to a red-tailed hawks' nestEllis Hadley, William Finley and Herman Bohlman wading across a river on their way to a red-tailed hawk's nest   digital content available , circa 1900
17 View of a mountainside farmstead
17 View of a farmstead along a river or bay
17 Still life photos of pheasant hunting (two views)
Unmounted prints of birds used in American Birds , circa 1900-1905
Box
17 Young Golden Eagle not fully fledged.
17 The Hummer saddled her cup on the lowest branch of a fir tree.
17 Mother hummingbird on edge of nest about to brood young.Mother hummingbird on edge of nest about to brood young   digital content available
17 The hummer feeding young by regurgitation.
17 Rufous at home.
17 Young hummers about to leave nest.
17 Chickadee at the threshold of her home.
17 Mother chickadee at back door.
17 Nest and eggs of Flicker, with side of stump sawed out.Nest and egss of Flicker, with side of stump sawed out   digital content available
17 Flicker at front door of her home.
17 Male Yellow-throat.
17 The mother came with a big spider (Yellow-throat).
17 Nest and eggs of Yellow-throat.
17 The mother dropped to the perch and gave the nearer one a big caterpillar (Yellow-throat).
17 Mother Grosbeak feeding young.
17 Male Grosbeak feeding young.
17 Male Grosbeak at nest.
17 Full-grown young Redtail Hawk.
17 Nest and young of the Redtail.
17 Young redtails in the downy stage.
17 Nest full of young Crows, about half-grown.
17 Jack Crow's perch in the apple tree.
17 Nest and eggs of Barn Owl.
17 Downy young Barn Owls about three days old.
17 A study in sentiment (Barn Owl).
17 Barn Owl in full flight.
17 Half-grown Barn Owls, about six weeks old.Half grown barn owls, about six weeks old   digital content available
17 Young Barn Owl in fighting attitude.
17 Wide awake and on tip-toe of expectancy (Wren).
17 Mother Wren at the nesthole.
17 A young Vigors Wren just after leaving nest in dead alder.
17 Feeding young Wrens.
17 Bush-tit ad door of long hanging nest.
17 Young Bush-tits beside long pendent nest.
17 Male Bush-tit with green cutworm for young.
17 Butcher-bird.
17 Pair of young Shrikes or Butcher-birds.Pair of Young shrikes, or Butcher-birds   digital content available
17 He often perched in the pear tree (Butcher-bird).
17 Nest and eggs of Black-throated Gray Warbler.
17 Two small nestlings (Gray Warbler).
17 Disputing while mother is away (Warblers).
17 The mother often brought in green cutworms (Warbler).
17 The gray mother rewarded him with a mouthful (Warbler).
17 She did not forget the hungry, more timid fledglings in the nest (Warbler).
17 The door to the Kingfisher's home.
17 They perched on the projecting snags over the water (Kingfisher). (Similar to print in American Birds.)
17 Song Sparrow about to break home ties.
17 Nest and eggs of the Song Sparrow.
17 Song Sparrow on a fence.
17 The White-crowned Sparrow father with food for young.
17 Female White-crowned Sparrow.
17 Female White-crowned Sparrow with food for young.
17 A pair of White-crowned Sparrows.
17 Young Blue Jay in nest.
17 The Bluebird mother at the nest hole.
17 Young Blue Jay just leaving the nest.
17 The male Bluebird with food for young.
17 Another Bluebird poising an instant after feeding her young.
17 Mother Oriole feeding young.
17 Basket nest of the Oriole.
17 Young Cassin Vireos on branch over basket nest.
17 Cassin Vireo beside nest.
17 Warbling vireo feeding young.
17 Warbling Vireo at nest after feeding.
17 Phoebe and young on wire of the fence.
17 Young black Phoebe in nest.
17 The Thrush mother at nest edge.
17 The Thrush on her nest.
17 Young Thrush on a wild raspberry.
17 Young Robins at home.
17 A Robin in the cherry tree.
17 Nest and eggs of the Gull.
17 The perfect poise of the Gull.
17 Young Sea Gulls in the nest.
17 A Gull at home on the rocks.
17 A pair of Gulls on the wharf.
17 Gull just catching a bite that is thrown to it.
17 Gulls perched on the anchor chain awaiting dinner.
17 Young Great Blue Heron.
17 Great Blue Heron in top of sycamore beside nest.
17 Black-crowned Night Heron on nest.
17 Young Night Heron clinging to limb.
17 Nest and eggs of the Golden Eagle.
17 Downy White Eagles at the age of 25 days
17 Mottled young Eagles at the age of 40 days.
17 The royal twins at the age of 55 days.Young eagles at 55 days old   digital content available
17 Pair of young Golden Eagles at age of 62 days.
17 Irene Finley with bear cubs in Alaska, circa 1926.
17 Yacht Westward, used in Alaska expeditions of the American Nature Association led by A. M. Pack and William L. Finley.
17 Irene Finley? with cougar kitten and bear cub
17 Kodiak bear in stream
17 Kodiak bear watching cameraman
17 Bears
4 images
17 Two Kodiak bears standing upright in a stream (enlargements from motion picture film)
17 Young girl (Phoebe Finley?) and bear cubs
17 Western Grebe
2 images
17 Owl, 1921
17 Hutchins goose
17 Canadian geese
17 Goslings swimming
17 Rufous Hummingbird's nest and eggs in wild blackberries
17 Young mountain goat about three months old
17 Mountain goats, British Columbia
17 Mountain goat (enlargements from motion picture film)
17 Big horns
17 Dog barking at wolf pup?
17 Woman holding a wolf pup
2 prints
17 Wolf pup playing with cameraman
17 Wolf pup chewing on camera case
17 Wolf pup
4 images
17 Wolf pup and man with wheelbarrow
17 Seals
17 Mouse?
17 Microphotographs of tissue samples?
3 images
17 Phoebe and Charles, March 1940
17 Charles?, circa 1940
17 Irene Finley and grandchild?, circa 1940
17 William L. Finley and grandchild?, 1940
17 Arizona residence?, circa 1940
7 images
17 Man smoking a pipe
17 Two men in a canoe, Alaska?
17 Man on mast of a ship
2 images
17 Whale hunting
17 View of a pond
17 Grove of oak trees? cyanotype print
17 Bonneville Dam fish ladders, circa 1938
U.S. Interior Dept. photos
Color prints (Kotavachrome process), 1940s:
Box
17 Owl
17 Pronghorn antelope
18 Printing plates of Finley photos
14 Watercolor of two quail, by Brooks
apx 12x17 in.

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Series X:  Oversize Materials, 1909-1939

This series contains oversize materials, including maps and newspaper features.

Container(s)
Description
Map Case
* Map of Columbia River & Sauvie Island, 1934
* Map of the Eastern Oregon Livestock Company holdings (may show land sold to the U.S. goverment in 1935 for the Malheur National Wildlife Refuge expansion)
* Newspaper features on wildlife, 1909-1913 and 1935
mapcase
* Newspaper feature on Finley's films (Kansas City), 1939

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Subjects

  • Personal Names :
  • Averill, Edgar F., 1881-
  • Bohlman, Herman
  • Church, Campbell
  • Finley, Irene Barnhart
  • Finley, Phoebe
  • Finley, William L. (William Lovell), 1876-1953
  • Jewett, Stanley G. (Stanley Gordon), b. 1885
  • Pack, Arthur Newton, 1893-
  • Corporate Names :
  • American Nature Association.
  • Klamath Basin National Wildlife Refuges (U.S.)
  • United States. Bureau of Biological Survey.
  • United States. Bureau of Reclamation.
  • University of California (1868-1952)
  • Titles within the Collection :
  • American birds
  • Nature magazine
  • Subject Terms :
  • Birds-United States
  • Documentary films-Oregon
  • Lectures and lecturing
  • Mountain goat
  • Nature films--Alaska
  • Nature films--Montana
  • Nature photography
  • Photography of birds
  • Salmon fisheries-Alaska
  • Salmon fisheries-Oregon
  • Wildlife conservation
  • Geographical Names :
  • Aleutian Islands (Alaska)
  • Bonneville Dam (Or. and Wash.)
  • Malheur National Wildlife Refuge (Or.)
  • McKinley, Mount (Alaska)
  • Paulina Lake (Or.)
  • Form or Genre Terms :
  • Maps
  • Motion pictures (visual works)
  • Photographic prints
  • Silent films

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