Guide to the Arthur S. King Papers

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Overview of the Collection

Creator: King, Arthur Solomon, 1906-1972
Title: Arthur S. King Papers
Dates: 1931-1972 ( inclusive )
Quantity: 0.35 cubic feet
Collection Number: Consult repository.
Summary: These papers were generated by Arthur S. King and document his work as the OSU Soils Extension Specialist. The materials consist primarily of publications and news articles pertaining to soils and irrigation.
Repository: Oregon State University Libraries, Special Collections & Archives Research Center
Contact Information: Special Collections & Archives Research Center
121 The Valley Library
Oregon State University
Corvallis OR
Telephone: 541-737-2075
Fax: 541-737-8674
Languages: Materials in English 
Sponsor: Funding for encoding this finding aid was provided through a grant awarded by the National Endowment for the Humanities.

Biographical Note

Arthur Solomon King was born 13 September 1906 and was raised on a farm north of Corvallis. He graduated from Oregon State Agricultural College with a BS degree in Agriculture in 1928, and earned a Masters of Science Degree in Soils, also from OSAC in 1930. In September of 1928 King was appointed to a Teaching Fellowship in the Department of Soils. He took a leave from that position from June to December 1929 to serve as District Agricultural Extension Agent for Baker, Union and Wallowa Counties. King returned to campus in January 1930 and assumed his Fellowship until June 1930. He was appointed as the Soils-Extension Specialist in August of 1930, the first person to fill this position full time. King took a leave of absence from July of 1952 to July of 1954 and worked for the National Security Agency in Washington, D.C.

King was long associated with the Oregon Water Resource Congress, serving as secretary from 1943 to 1949. He was known nationally for his work to improve soil and water resources through irrigation and land drainage, the application of fertilizers and lime, in soil judging and in improved land use. In July 1972, King retired from OSU and was honored with the title of Professor Emeritus of Soil Science, a position he held until his death in October 1972. He was survived by his wife, Geraldine; daughter, Mrs. Carol Nelson; and son, James A. King.

Content Description

This collection consists of five series: news columns (one manuscript written by Glenn Hogg and the rest by King) on various agricultural subjects such as irrigation, soils, soil testing and water; speeches given at various agricultural functions; correspondence including a circular letter to Western Oregon County Extension Agents; publications including materials used in an annual report, and a brochure draft; and clippings from newspapers and periodicals on such subjects as fertilizer recommendations, water conservation, irrigation projects, irrigated crops, and articles on meetings, workshops and tours given on the same subjects.

Use of the Collection

Preferred Citation :  

Arthur S. King Papers, Oregon State University Archives, Corvallis, Oregon.

Administrative Information

Related Materials :  

The Extension Service Records (RG 111) and the Soil Science Department (RG 115) contain related materials. Several photograph collections also contain related materials: Soil Science Department (P 30); Extension Service Photograph Collection (P 62); Agricultural Communications (P 120); and Arthur Solomon King (P 131). Extension related manuscript collections (MSS) include the Esther Taskerud Papers, and the Helen Cowgill Papers. The Albert S. Hunter Papers (MSS) relate to the field of soil science. Memorabilia file (MC) for the Department of Soils also contains related materials.

Detailed Description of the Collection

Series I:  News Column Manuscripts, 1959-1968 and undated
1 " My Experience With Drainage" , by Glenn Hogg, R.W. Hogg & Sons, Salem, Oregon, [two copies], undated
1 Obituary, Charles V. Ruzek, 1968
1 " Extension Soils Work in 60" , for Loess Auger, [the Soils Club newsletter], ca. 1960
1 " W.L. Powers Honored" , for Loess Auger, 1959
1 " Soil Judging in Oregon" , [two copies], 1959
1 " Extension Work In Soil and Water Utilization" , [two copies], undated
1 Untitled manuscript for Loess Auger, undated
1 " Soil Testing Will Tell" , ca. 1960
1 " Irrigation in Western Oregon" , undated
1 " Western Oregon Irrigation - Thirty Years a Growing" , ca. 1960s
1 " All is Not Virtue With Organic Mulches and Conditioner" , 1963
1 " Fertilizer Can Assure Top Yields With Profit" , [two copies], undated
1 " Water Resources" , undated
1 " The Need for Drainage Research" , 1965
1 " Reviewing Flood Damaged Fields" , 1965
1 Untitled, regarding long range use of land, 1964
1 Untitled, [note on top says "incomplete"] regarding land management, 1964
1 " Winter Wheat Looks Good in Western Oregon" , ca. 1960s
1 " Politics of Water" , 1964
1 " Agricultural Lime" , 1963
2 copies
1 " Acid Soils Need Lime" , undated
1 " Whereto With Whiteland" , undated
1 " Soil Tests Show Lime Needs" , undated
1 " Soil Testing Will Tell" , 1962
1 " The Southern Oregon Soil Testing Program" , pre-1962
1 " Soil Tests Can Increase Fertilizer Profits" , ca. 1960
1 " In Oregon Testing Tells" ,[two copies], ca. 1962
1 " Fall Is the Best Time For Applying Fertilizer In Western Oregon" , undated

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Series II:  Speeches, 1950-1965
1 " Potential Seed Markets In Africa and the Mediterranean Area" , 18th Annual Convention, Oregon Seed Growers League, Portland, 1958
1 " Flood Damaged soils Can Be Reclaimed" , includes description of slide set [no slides], 1965
1 " Soil Conservation Problems and Opportunities in Oregon" , Fourth Annual Leadership Institute For Town and Country Churches, Oregon State College, 1950
1 " Irrigation, The Backbone of Oregon Agriculture" , State Water Resources Conference, Salem, 1964

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Series III:  Correspondence, 1934-1965 and undated
1 Joe Bianco, note, 1965
1 Western Oregon County Extension Agents, letter, 1959
1 Citation from Oregon State Defense Council, undated
1 Telegram, in regard to chemical use, 1946
1 Letter in regard to selling miniature windmills from L.O. Nelson, 1934

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Series IV:  Manuscripts for Publications, 1964 and undated
1 " Fall Rain and Retrospect" , from 1941-42 annual report, undated
1 " Oregon Reclamation Congress Brochure (Tentative)" , 1964

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Series V:  News Clippings, 1931-1972
1 Newspapers, 1931-1972
Subjects include fertilizer recommendations, water conservation, irrigation projects, irrigated crops, articles on meetings, workshops and tours given on the same subjects.
1 Periodicals, 1950 and 1962
" How Testing Tells" , in Better Crops with Plant Food, reprint, 1962
The Idaho Farmer, cover, 1950

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  • Agricultural extension workers--Oregon.
  • Agricultural extension work--Oregon.
  • Fertilizers--Oregon.
  • Irrigation--Oregon.
  • Soils--Oregon--Testing.
  • Water use--Oregon.

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