Guide to the Sister Providencia Tolan Papers
1888-1975

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Overview of the Collection

Creator: Tolan, Providencia, Sister
Title: Sister Providencia Tolan Papers
Dates: 1888-1978 ( inclusive )
1953-1978 ( bulk )
Quantity: 11 linear ft. (11 boxes)
Collection Number: Ms 116
Summary: Sister Providencia Tolan was born in 1904. After joining the Sisters of Charity of Providence in 1928, she taught school in Seattle, WA and Des Plaines, IL before coming to the College of Great Falls awhere she taught Sociology. While working in Great Falls, she became concerned with the plight of the American Indian tribes in Montana. The collection covers a wide variety of materials relating to her work with American Indian populations.
Repository: Northwest Museum of Arts & Culture/Eastern Washington State Historical Society
Joel E. Ferris Research Library and Archives

2316 W. First Avenue
Spokane, WA 99201
Phone: (509) 363-5313
Fax: (509) 363-5303
Email: archives@northwestmuseum.org

Languages: Materials are in English. 
Sponsor: Funding for encoding this finding aid was provided through a Department of Education Teaching American History grant administered by Educational Service District 101 and Eastern Washington University.

Biographical Note

Sister Providencia Tolan, S.P., was born on Feb. 24, 1904 in Anaconda, Montana, the daughter of John. H. and Alma Deschamps Tolan. In 1928 she joined the sisters of Charity of Providence and began a teaching career in Seattle, WA and Des Plaines, IL from 1931 to 1933.

During the period from 1937 to 1941 Sister Providencia was a missionary at DeSmet, Idaho, then taught school in Great Falls, Montana. Beginning in 1941 she was associated with the College of Great Falls, where she rose through the academic ranks to become an Associate Professor of Sociology. Her academic degrees included a B.A. from the College of Great Falls in 1945 and an M.A. in Anthropology and Social Work from the Catholic University of America in 1952. She retired in 1974.

While teaching in Great Falls, Sister Providencia became concerned with the plight of the American Indian tribes in Montana, particularly the urban Indians displaced from the reservations to "Hill 57" hear the garbage dumps of Great Falls. Much of the collection revolves around her relationship with Montana's American Indian tribes.

Content Description

The collection consists of several items (many are Indian tribal records) including scrapbooks, reports, anthologies, bills, proposals, surveys, Blackfeet tribal business council minutes, journals, histories, confederated Salish & Kootenai Tribal council minutes, correspondence, council meetings, Flathead tribes information, Fort Peck Indian Reservation transcripts, Great Falls Indians newspaper clippings, and much more.

Use of the Collection

Restrictions on Access :  

The collection is not restricted.

Restrictions on Use :  

The collection is open for use.

Preferred Citation :  

Sister Providencia Tolan Papers (Ms 116), Northwest Museum of Arts & Culture/Eastern Washington State Historical Society, Spokane, WA.

Administrative Information

Arrangement :

The materials are processed to the file folder level; files are arranged alphabetically by subject.

Custodial History :  

Donated to Museum of Native American Cultures (MONAC) by Sister Providencia Tolan, unknown date.

Acquisition Information :  

Transfer from the Museum of Native American Cultures (MONAC), 1992.

Bibliography :  

    Bishop, Joan. "From Hill 57 to Capitol Hill: 'Making the Sparks Fly': Sister Providencia Tolan's Drive on Behalf of Montana's Off-Reservation Indians, 1950-1970," Montana: The Magazine of Western History, Vol. 43, No. 3 (Summer, 1993), pp. 16-29.

Related Materials :  

Estelle Reel Papers (Ms 120)


Detailed Description of the Collection

The following section contains a detailed listing of the materials in the collection.

Box/Folder
1/1 Introduction and inventory
1/1a Inventory of materials held at Providence House, Spokane 1992
1/2 Biography of Sister Providecia Tolan, F.C. ("Captures Two Horses")
1/2a Article from Montana: Magazine of Western History Summer 1993
1/3 "Self" 1951 - 1974
1/4 Stamp album
1/5 Map showing Montana Indian reservations and their populations 1966
1/6 Providence Sisters in the Flathead Valley - 100th Anniversary Celebration Aug. 26, 1964
1/7 Prividence Holy Family School guest book 1888 - 1927
1/8 Fenwick, Robert. "The Original Americans," the Denver Post Feb. 17, 1970
1/9 Scrapbook: "First Americans"
1/10 Scrapbook: "Intermountain Indian Culture" Summer 1958
1/11 Affiliated tribes of Northwest Indians: conventions 1950 - 1970
1/12 Affiliated tribes of Northwest Indians: bulletins April 1955 - May 1958
1/13 Aged Corps program 1966
1/14 Alcoholism Feb. 14, 1960 - Apr. 4, 1972
1/15 "American Indian and Bureau of Indian Affarirs: a Study" Feb. 24, 1969
1/16 American Indian Community Center: Report June 12 - Aug. 22, 1967
1/17 American Indian Capital Conference on Poverty May 9-12, 1964
1/18 American Indian: Contemporary Issues course, University of Montana Dec. 15, 1971
1/19 American Indian Evangelistic Association Apr. 1972
1/20 American Society for Ethnology Oct. 21, 1970
1/21 "American Stranger" on NBC May 1, 1956 - June 1, 1962
1/22 Annual report, Division of Indian Education, State of Montana, Dept. of Public Instruction 1955 - 1956
1/23 Anthology: "Smoke Signals," Blackfeet Indian stories
1/24 "Anthony Antelope - Emancipated"
1/25 Area redevelopment: US Senate hearings Mar. 6 - May 15, 1957
1/26 Assiniboine and Sioux tribes: Ft. Peck reservation, Montana
1/27 Association on American Indian Affairs, Inc. June 8, 1950 - Dec. 20, 1963
1/28 Association on American Indian Affairs, Inc.: termination problem Nov. 8, 1950 - July 16, 1958
1/29 Atomic Waste Disposal Proposal for the Blackfeet Reservation July 19, 1961
1/30 AVCO Training Project Jan. 22, 1971
1/31 Bearshield, Christopher Ray: "From Reservation to Recognition" Oct. 26, 1967
1/32 Beginning Cree lessons
1/33 Bennett, Robert L.: Report to the National Congress of American Indians Sep. 20, 1968
1/34 Bills, material concerning 1949 - 1956
1/35 Bills, material concerning 1957 - 1971
1/36 Bills, Montana State Legislature 1950 - 1971
1/37 Bills, United States Congress 1934 - 1951
2/1 Bills, United States Congress 1952 - 1956
2/2 Bills, United States Congress 1957 - June 1959
2/3 Bills, United States Congress Aug. 1959 - 1969
2/4 Blackfeet
2/5 [Blackfeet] Credit Committee minutes Dec. 15, 1949 - Aug. 25, 1952
2/6 Blackfeet Crisis: clothing needs, food, health Mar. 11, 1954 - Nov. 21, 1972
2/7 Blackfeet educational program
2/8 Blackfeet Indian survey 1958
2/9 Blackfeet Indians Sundance July 15, 1951
2/10 Blackfeet Indians: Town-Indian neighborhood study May 5, 1957
2/11 Blackfeet reservation economic development c. 1960
2/12 Blackfeet reservation: photos during starvation period 1958
2/13 Blackfeet Service Unit program plan, Montana area May 1, 1960
2/14 Blackfeet Tribal Business Council minutes 1950
2/15 Blackfeet Tribal Business Council minutes 1952
2/16 Blackfeet Tribal Business Council minutes 1953
2/17 Blackfeet Tribal Business Council minutes 1954
2/18 Blackfeet Tribal Business Council minutes 1955
2/19 Blackfeet Tribal Business Council minutes Feb. - June 1956
2/20 Blackfeet Tribal Business Council minutes July - Dec. 1956
2/21 Blackfeet Tribal Business Council minutes Jan. - June 1957
2/22 Blackfoot Tribal Council minutes July - Dec. 1957
2/23 Blackfeet Tribal Council minutes Jan. - June 1958
2/24 Blackfeet Tribal Council minutes July - Dec. 1958
2/25 Blackfeet Tribal Council minutes Jan. - Apr. 1959
2/26 Blackfeet Tribal Council minutes May - Dec. 1959
2/27 Blackfeet Tribal Council minutes 1960
2/28 Blackfeet Tribal Council minutes 1961
2/29 Blackfeet Tribal Council minutes 1962
2/30 Blackfeet Tribal Council minutes 1963
2/31 Blackfeet Tribal Council minutes 1964
2/32 Blackfeet Tribal Council minutes 1965
2/33 Blackfeet Tribal Council minutes 1966
2/34 Blackfeet Tribal Business Council minutes 1967
2/35 Blackfeet Tribal Business Council minutes 1968
2/36 Blackfeet Tribal Business Council minutes 1969
2/37 Blackfeet Tribal Business Council minutes 1970
3/1 Blackfeet Tribal Corporation: report of examination Oct. 1, 1952 - Sep. 30, 1954
3/2 Blackfeet Tribe: Constitution and By-laws May 1969
3/3 Blackfeet Tribe: United State treaties
3/4 "Boxcar Benefactors" July 20, 1955 - Sep. 27, 1967
3/5 "Breadlines" Apr. 1952
3/6 "Bright Star of the Morning" - tribal tradition
3/7 Browning High School, Montana, survey
3/8 Bureau of Indian Affairs 1951 - 1963
3/9 Bureau of Indian Affairs: Indian welfare 1955 - 1963
3/10 Bureau of Indian Affairs: tribal conference in Salt Lake City Sep. 6 - 8, 1956
3/11 Cascade County, Montana, community council minutes Oct. 29, 1958 - Feb. 26, 1963
3/12 Cascade County Indian Welfare
3/13 Catholic Indian Missions 1975
3/13a "Catholic Indians": M.A. thesis
Found in the Foley Library at Gonzaga University, Spokane, WA.
3/14 Chicago conferences Oct. 21, 1953 - Apr. 13, 1964
3/15 Chippewa Tribe of Turtle Mountain, history
3/16 City Indians 1954, 1963
3/17 Roe Cloud Roll of Chippewa Indians c. 1930
3/18 Church affairs re: termination period Nov. 29, 1952 - Nov. 23, 1953
3/19 "Churches Show Interest and Ideas" Apr. 25, 1955 - Dec. 16, 1964
3/20 "Church Interest" Oct. 3, 1958 - Aug. 26, 1967
3/21 "Citizen Action for Indians" Mar. 6, 1954 - May 4, 1964
3/22 Couer d'Alene Tribe: constition, by-laws, etc. July 13, 1955 - Sep. 27, 1963
3/23 Cohen, Felix, attorney-at-law for the Blackfeet and Gros venture Jan. 30, 1951 - June 30, 1959
3/24 Cohen, Felix, attorney-at-law for Blackfeet and Gros venture Apr. 11, 1950 - Nov. 6, 1951
3/25 Cohen, Felix S. "The Erosion of Indian Rights," Yale Law Journal, vol. 62, no. 3 1953
3/26 College of Great Falls: misc. Jan. 25, 1956 - Apr. 14, 1973
3/27 College of Great Falls: research 1965 - 1969
3/28 College of Great Falls: seminar on Indians Apr. 1973
3/29 College of Great Falls: student newspaper clipping collection 1971
3/30 College of Great Falls: student reports 1954 - 1975
3/31 College of Great Falls: research by student for the Civil Rights Commission on Inequities in the Application of Welfare Laws 1962
3/32 Colville Indians: resources Oct. 18, 1948
3/33 Coville termination hearing US House of Representatives Subcommittee on Indian Affairs July 12, 1968
3/34 Communications principles in American Indian community
3/35 Community Action and Neighborhood Aides convention, Havre, Montana, Hill County community action Nov. 21 - 23, 1966
3/36 Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribal Council minutes 1947
3/37 Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribal Council minutes 1948
3/38 Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribal Council minutes 1949
3/39 Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribal Council minutes 1950
3/40 Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribal Council minutes 1951
3/41 Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribal Council minutes 1952
3/42 Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribal Council minutes 1953
3/43 Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribal Council minutes 1954
3/44 Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribal Council minutes 1955
3/45 Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribal Council minutes 1956
3/46 Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribal Council minutes 1957
3/47 Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribal Council minutes 1958
3/48 Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribal Council minutes 1959
3/49 Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribal Council minutes 1960
3/50 Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribal Council minutes 1961
4/1 Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribal Council minutes 1962
4/2 Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribal Council minutes 1963
4/3 Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribal Council minutes 1964
4/4 Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribal Council minutes 1965
4/5 Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribal Council minutes 1966
4/6 Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribal Council minutes 1967
4/7 Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribal Council minutes Jan. - June 1968
4/8 Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribal Council minutes July - Dec. 1968
4/9 Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribal Council minutes 1969
4/10 Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribal Council minutes 1970
4/11 Conference on Discrimination against Indians, Great Falls college campus Nov. 30, 1978
4/12 Conferences 1950 - 1964
4/13 Correspondence 1940s
4/14 Correspondence 1950 - 1954
4/15 Correspondence 1955 - 1956
4/16 Correspondence 1957
4/17 Correspondence 1958 - 1959
4/18 Correspondence 1960 - 1964
4/19 Correspondence 1965 - 1967
4/20 Correspondence 1968 - 1969
4/21 Correspondence 1970
4/22 Correspondence 1971
4/23 Correspondence 1972 - 1974
4/24 Correspondence 1975 - 1979
4/25 Correspondence: Blackfeet flood June 18 - July 19, 1964
5/1 Correspondence: Richard Charles Feb 14, 1957 - Mar. 30, 1962
5/2 Correspondence re: child welfare Apr. 30, 1957
5/3 Correspondence: Chippewas Apr. 6, 1951 - Dec. 20, 1967
5/4 Correspondence: Crow tribe and termination Oct. 21, 1953 - May 10, 1954
5/5 Correspondence: James J. Flaherty, President of Great Falls Paper Co. Sep. 23, 1954 - May 5, 1961
5/6 Correspondence: Flathead Indians speak on termination bill Dec. 29, 1933 - July 29, 1964
5/7 Correspondence: Max Gubatayao July 1, 1955 - Aug. 25, 1964
5/8 Correspondence: Patrick J. Higgins Dec. 12, 1969
5/9 Correspondence: Indians Jan. 14, 1954 - Aug. 12, 1972
5/10 Correspondence: Indian and Indian-related 1950 - Dec. 19, 1963
5/11 Correspondence: Indian and Indian-related 1954 - Mar 14, 1974
5/12 Correspondence: Indian; speeches and related materials July 9, 1953 - June 15, 1978
5/13 Correspondence from Indians Mar. 23, 1950 - Dec. 26, 1962
5/14 Correspondence from Indians Jan. 3, 1963 - Apr. 4, 1966
5/15 Correspondence: Indians in prison 1972 - Feb. 24, 1974
5/16 Correspondence: Sen. Henry Jackson May 9, 1963 - Feb. 12, 1964
5/17 Correspondence: Thomas Main, Gros Ventre Feb. 11, 1949 - Nov. 24, 1954
5/18 Correspondence: Senator Mansfield Apr. 9, 1954 - Mar. 10, 1973
5/19 Correspondence: Senator Les Metcalf July 5, 1954 - Jan. 13, 1972
5/20 Correspondence: Senator James Murray Feb. 28, 1950 - May 1, 1960
5/21 Correspondence with Fr. W. Schoenberg
5/22 Correspondence: miscellaneous
5/23 Correspondence: Senators during Kennedy-Johnson presidencies Dec. 30, 1960 - Jan. 10, 1962
5/24 Corrrespondence re: USP.H.S. Aug. 18, 1955
5/25 Correspondence re: Wounded Knee Mar. 20, 1973
5/26 Cotter, James A. "These Five Valleys," Missoula, MT, Missoulian, pp2A - 75A. July 2, 1976
5/27 Crisis of Indian Colony at Havre, MT Apr. 15, 1954
5/28 Crow fact sheet Sept. 1967
5/29 Crow Tribunal Council: illegal election protest Sep. 25, 1969
5/30 Crow Tribunal Council meetings Apr. 1969
5/31 Curry, James E., attorney: statement re: Dept. of the Interior Jan. 4, 1952
5/32 Desersa, Aaron G., editor: "Crazy Horse News," Manderson, SD [Nov. 1977]
5/33 Danna C. Duffey: "Survey of Indians of Cascade County, Montana," Great Falls, Opportunities, Inc. Feb. - Mar. 1972
5/34 Death Penalty: testimony of Sr. Providencia Feb. 13, 1972
5/35 Dusenberry, Verne, "Waiting for a day that never comes." in Montana Magazine, vol. 8, no. 2 Apr. 1958
5/36 Examiner's notice to heirs, US Dept. of the Interior Dec. 30, 1965
5/37 Federal Indian Policy: US Senate hearings Mar. 27 - July 27, 1957
5/38 Fenwick, Robert W. "The Original American." Denver, CO : The Denver Post Feb. 1970
5/39 First Americans, Inc.: obstructive tactics of the BIA 1957?
5/40 Flaherty, James J. "A study of Montana Indians, and General Assistance" Oct. 14, 1955 - Dec. 19, 1957
5/41 Flathead Treaty 1955
5/42 Flathead tribes
5/43 "Flatheads book" material
5/44 Flatheaad tribe: Project Understanding course of study June 1972
5/45 Food crises Nov. 21, 1957
5/46 Foundation of Indian Advancement, by-laws Feb. 10,1969
5/47 Fort Belknap Community Council minutes 1949 - Sep. 17, 1956
5/48 Ft. Belknap - Rocky Boy's reservations May 24, 1950 - July 1, 1963
5/49 Fort Hall, Idaho, discrimination Sep. 25, 1962
6/1 Fort Peck Indians: termination and Sioux-Assinibois of Ft. Peck reservation Nov. 4, 1954 - Nov. 9, 1972
6/2 Fort Peck Indian reservation: ten year development program Sep. 25, 1964
6/3 Fort Peck Indian reservation: transcript of hearings before the Committee on Interior and Indian Affairs Mar. 20, 1956
6/4 Fort Peck Indians: Sisseton-Wahpeton Enrollment Ordinance Dec. 9, 1967
6/5 Fort Peck Reservation Apr. 1956 - 1970
6/6 Fort Peck Reservation, et al, overall economic development plan
6/7 Fort Peck service unit program plan, Billings (MT) area May 1960
6/8 Fort Peck tribal council minutes 1956
6/9 Fort Union coal field symposium Apr. 25 - 26, 1975
6/10 General Catholic Indians Congress, at Frazer, MT July 26 - 28, 1968
6/11 George, Larry E. "The Dilemma of the American Indian" Oct. 20, 1970
6/12 German reaction to North American Indians' plight June 12, 1958
6/13 Gopher, Robert. Pen drawing of President Kennedy 1970s
6/14 Governor's Indian Council June - July 1970
6/15 Great Falls business and professional women 1961 - 1968
6/16 Great Falls Citizens' Committee on Indian Affairs 1957 - Dec. 10, 1970
6/17 Great Falls, MT, organizations interested in Indians 1957 - 1959
6/18 Great Falls emergency food committee May 6, 1974
6/19 Great Falls Indians: newspaper clippings 1958 - 1968
6/20 Great Falls inter-tribal celebration (program) May 31 - June 2, 1968
6/21 Great Falls (MT) Presbyterian women Oct. 7, 1959
6/22 Great Falls projects 1962 - Jan. 23, 1971
6/23 Great Falls (MT) school fees Oct. 1969
6/24 Great Falls Walk for Development May 1969
6/25 Great Falls (MT) community council Oct. 29, 1957
6/26 Green, William James (WSSH# 31300): psychiatric examiniation Feb. 10, 1970
6/27 Gwynn, Thomas A. "Environmental Implications of Developing Coal Reserves." Feb. 20, 1973
6/28 Handicapped children's center, Glascow airforce base 1970
6/29 Havre Indian conference Dec. 6 - 7, 1955
6/30 Head Start program, Missoula, MT July 30 - Aug. 8, 1973
6/31 Helena Indian Alliance Jan. 13, 1970
6/32 Hill 57 Feb. 21, 1954 - Jan. 2, 1967
6/33 Hill 57: census 1955 - 1971
6/34 Hill 57: conditions, et al 1950 - 1956
6/35 Hill 57: conditions, et al 1957 - 1972
6/36 Hill 57: nursing project 1962
6/37 Hill 57: correspondence, "Starve 'em off" policy Sep. 8, 1942 - July 11, 1956
6/38 Hill 57: correspondence, "Starve' em off" policy Jan. 22, 1957 - May 20, 1963
6/39 Hill 57: Ektachrome slides 1958
6/40 Hill 57: enrollment blanks
6/41 "Hill 57 goes to Washington" (Eunice LaMere) June 18, 1957
6/42 Hill 57: landless problem 1954 - 1973
6/43 Hill 57: newspaper clippings 1955 - 1964
6/44 Hill 57: picture etching by a student
6/45 Hill 57: pilot project, trailer school Sep. 1967 - Feb. 1968
6/46 Hill 57: population statistics July 1, 1955 - 1964
6/47 Hill 57 research project 1955 - Sep. 1957
6/48 Hill 57 and terminiation Nov. 29, 1953 - Dec. 3, 1959
6/49 Hill 57: employment Apr. 22, 1956 - Feb. 1, 1970
6/50 Hill 57 and urban Indian problems July 27, 1955 - 1971
6/51 Hope Ranch project for neglected and homeless children 1973
6/52 HR 108 June 29, 1953 - Jan. 28, 1960
6/53 Housing on reservations 1963 - 1964
6/54 Human relations in an American Indian community
6/55 "Indaina Affairs: Early 1960s" Apr. 22, 1958 - Apr. 12, 1965
6/56 Indian affairs committee at the University of Montana/Indian education 1969
7/1 Indian Affairs in Montana (institute) Aug. 1, 1954
7/2 Indian affairs: northern Montana work conference Dec. 6, 1955 - May 27, 1958
7/3 Indian Capitol Conference on Poverty 1964
7/4 Indian Constituional Rights: Judiciary committee, 89th Congress June 22 - 29, 1965
7/5 Indian education 1956 - 1972
7/6 Education of American Indians (cf: Ft. Hall, Idaho) Oct. 1969
7/7 Indian addiction Aug. 30, 1966 - Mar. 6, 1973
7/8 Indian anti-Christian militancy 1971
7/9 Indian Catholic witness Sep. 24, 1977
7/10 Indian education: Johnson-O'Malley activities 1970 - 1971
7/11 Indian education and family life 1966 - 1972
7/12 Indian employment 1955 - 1971
7/13 Indian emploment: social study of 55 terminated Indians by Richard A. Charles and Max Gubatayo May 4, 1959
7/14 Indian games at Turtle Mountian
7/15 Indian health Nov. 23, 1955 - Mar. 31, 1961
7/16 Indian health 1948 - 1971
7/17 Indian health care on Flathead reservation
7/18 Indian health: Montana Planning Council, Montana State Low-Income Health Apr. 9, 1956 - Apr. 6, 1970
7/19 Indian health programs: USP.H.S.
7/20 Indian heirship land problems, hearings S1392 Aug. 9 - 10, 1961
7/21 Indian humor
7/22 Indian inventory for the 60s: survey Dec. 26, 1960 - Apr. 15, 1961
7/23 Indians items, misc. 1953 - 1975
7/24 Indian meeting at Kicking Horse Aug. 1965
7/25 Indian population 1952 - 1974
7/26 The Indian: population, reservations, tribes by state
7/27 Indian poverty: US capital conference 1964
7/28 Indian prisoner (correspondence) July 31, 1968 - Mar. 24, 1970
7/29 Indian problems: third annual work conference Nov. 12 - 13, 1957
7/30 Indian relocation service
7/31 Indian resources: area and tribal development 1956 - 1958
7/32 "Indian sanitation facilities" - hearings May 5 - 6, 1959
7/33 Indian seminar Mar. 19, 1956
7/34 Indian Studies program at the University of Montana
7/35 Indian Tribes and Treaties regional conference Apr. 23 - 24, 1955
7/36 Indian views: problems and solutions
7/37 Indian voting: Committee on the Interior and Insular Affairs, US House of Representatives Dec. 31, 1958
7/38 Indian welfare 1954 - 1964
7/39 Indian workshop: Montana Indians and coal Dec. 13 - 15, 1973
7/40 "Indians in Agriculture," bulletin 555, Montana Agricultural Experiment Station, Bozeman, MT Apr. 1961
7/41 Indians: general 1958 - June 9, 1974
7/42 Indians: comparative survey in Montana 1954
7/43 Indians and Congress June 15, 1954 - Jan. 26, 1967
7/44 "Indians express their stonewall situations" Jan. 10, 1955 - Sep. 3, 1965
7/45 Indians on federal reservations in the US (Montana-Wyoming): a digest, Public Health Services Sep. 1958
7/46 Indians in jail and prisons and institutes of Montana May 1, 1956 - 1973
7/47 Indians: laws pertaining to 1951
7/48 "Indians and the universities of Montana" Apr. 18, 1955 - Oct. 10, 1969
7/49 Indians in urban affairs: student report 1974
7/50 Institute of Indian Studies, University of South Dakota: bibliography
7/51 International Union of Mine and Smelter Workers resolution 1957 - 1958
7/52 The Investiture of Honorary Chief Eagle Ribs July 28, 1954
7/53 Inter-tribal policy board meeting Dec. 12, 1969
7/54 Inter-tribal Indian workshop on alcoholism, drug abuse, and suicide July 21 - 23, 1971
7/55 Jesuit history from a college scrapbook 1948
7/56 Josephy, Alvin M. "The American Indian and the Bureau of Indians Affairs, a study with recommendations" Feb. 24, 1969
7/57 Justice Court vagrancy complaint Dec. 29, 1961
7/58 Just Us, Inc. 1972
7/59 Kicking Horse regional residential manpower center
7/60 Kyi-ya Indian Days conference 1970 - 1973
7/61 Land sales Apr. 23, 1955 - Aug. 31, 1960
7/62 "Leadership and Development in a Bicultural Setting." Montana Agricultureal Experimental Station, bulletin 657 Sep. 1971
7/63 Lesser, Alexander, "The Case of the American Indian: Education and the Future of Tribalism in the United States." Phelps-Stokes Fund Occasional Paper #3 Feb. 10, 1961
7/64 "Liquidation and Termination" 1947 - 1956
7/65 Magazine: "The American Indian." See also Emancipation and the Turtle Mountain Chippewas Spring 1954
7/66 Manuscripts and speechs of Sr. Providencia 1950s
8/1 Manscripts and speeches of Sr. Providencia 1960 - Nov. 13, 1975
8/2 Marquis, Thomas B. "Sitting Bull and Gall, the warrior" 1934
8/3 McKay, Iliff
8/4 Menominees Terminiation Conference (attended by Sr. Providencia) May 14, 1955
8/5 "Minorities" : address by Ben Holman before Montana Farmers' Union Oct. 28, 1970
8/6 Misters' conference Oct. 21 - 23 , 1968
8/7 Montana Advisory Committee on Civil Rights Feb. 6, 1969
8/8 Montana Conference of Social Welfare (program) Oct. 15 - 18, 1968
8/9 Montana Constitutional Convention: basic rights Jan. 27, 1972
8/10 Montana elderly urban Indian research project July 14, 1972
8/11 Montana flood June 19, 1964 - Oct. 3, 1965
8/12 Montana Council of Churches assembly Oct. 8 - 9, 1968
8/13 Montana Indian populations 1950
8/14 Montana Indians: newspaper clippings 1956 - 1971
8/15 Montana Indian treaties
8/16 Montana Inter-tribal Policy Board Dec. 8, 1950 - Sep. 29, 1969
8/17 Montana Inter-tribal Policy Board Feb. 19, 1970 - Oct. 6, 1971
8/18 Montana Legal Services program
8/19 Montana low-income task force Feb. 15, 1970 - Sep. 23, 1971
8/20 Montana state-wide health task force 1970s
8/21 Montana state housing workshop Aug. 18 - 19 , 1971
8/22 Montana state low-income health 1970 - 1971
8/23 Montana state planning board: "Industrial Horizons" Mar. 1956
8/24 Montana state farmer's union: convention resolutions
8/25 Montana Tuberculosis Association July 17, 1953
8/26 "Montana Women - their future role," report to the Governor 1967
8/27 "The Montana-Wyoming Indian, " Bureau of Indian Affairs July 1968
8/28 Morton, Gertrude, "Renting to Indians"
8/29 Mount Royal Indian settlement 1955 - 1965
8/30 National Association of Blackfeet Indians 1968
8/31 National Congress of American Indians (excerpts) 1951 - 1959
8/32 National Congress of American Indians (excerpts re: Montana Indians) 1960 - 1965
8/33 Native Americans for Progress Mar. 1, 1970
8/34 Natives: history, rights, culture Jan. 1, 1957 - July 19, 1959
8/35 Newsletter: advocates for Indian education Oct. 1973
8/36 Newsletter: "American Aborigine" (National Indian Youth Council) 1965
8/37 Newsletter: "American Indian Life," American Indian Mission, Custer, SD, vol. 2, #1
8/38 Newsletter: Bells of St. Ann, Belcourt, ND Nov. 1952
8/39 Newsletter: "Blackfeet Journal"
8/40 Newsletter: "Blackfeet reservation" May 17, 1957
8/41 Newsletter: "Buffalo Grass" Aug. 1970
8/42 Newsletter: "Camp Crier" 1970 - 1973
8/43 Newsletter: "Center News" (Spokane, WA) Oct. 1967
8/44 Newsletter: "Char-Koosta" (incomplete) 1956 - 1960
8/45 Newsletter: "The Clock" (Idaho state prison) Feb. 1975
8/46 Newsletter: Couer d'Alene tribal council 1960 - 1974
8/47 Newsletters: "Consolidated News," Ft. Belknap-Rocky Boy's 1954 - 1956
8/48 Newsletters: "Consolidated News, "Ft. Belknap-Rocky Boy's 1957 - 1964
8/49 Newsletter: "The First American" Apr. 17, 1954
8/50 Newsletter: "Helena Indian Alliance News"
8/51 Newsletter: "The Hunter" (Montana state prision) 1970 - 1971
8/52 Newsletter: "The Hunger" (Montana State Prison) 1972 - 1974
8/53 Newsletter: "Hunya" (what's new), Blackfeet tribe
8/54 Newsletter: "Indian Voices" 1963 - 1964
9/1 Newsletter: "Kyi-yo Newsletter" (University of Montana Indian Club) 1964 - 1974
9/2 Newsletter: "Lodger's Ledger," Montana state prision Mar. 1964
9/3 Newsletter: "The Medicine Bundle" 1974 -1975
9/4 Newsletter: "Mission Bells" 1949 - 1958
9/5 Newsletter: "The Montana Maverick" 1967 - 1969
9/6 Newsletter: "Montana Prision News" Apr. 1971
9/7 Newsletter: "Museum of the Plains Indians" 1952 - 1970
9/8 Newsletter: National Association of Blackfeet Indians 1968
9/9 Newsletter: "NCAI Sentinal" 1965
9/10 Newsletter: "Napi-Talk" (Flathead Community College) 1974
9/11 Newsletter: National Indian Youth Council 1965
9/12 Newsletter: "The New Breed News" (Boise, ID) 1970 - 1973
9/13 Newsletter: "The Reservation Agent" 1971 - 1975
9/14 Newsletter: "Rocky Boy's Rocket" May 6, 1965 - Aug. 29, 1969
9/15 Newsletter: "The Smoke Signal" May 1949
9/16 Newsletter: "Smoke Talk" [1973?]
9/17 Newsletter: SRS News (Social and Rehabilitation Services, Montana) Jan. - Feb. 1974
9/18 Newsletter: Turtle Mountain Aug. 1955 - Dec. 1956
9/19 Newsletter: Turtle Mountain Jan. 1957 - Mar. 1959
9/20 Newsletter: "The Voice of Prison" (Washington State Penitenary Press) Sep. 20, 1971
9/21 Newsletter: "Wildcat"(Plentywood High School) Dec. 1962 - Jan. 1963
9/22 Newspaper accounts re: termination: Great Falls Tribune and Glacial Reporter Aug. 23, 1949 - Jan. 1, 1966
9/23 Newspaper: Browing Sentinel 1969 - 1970
9/24 Newspaper clippings: re: Indians of Montana 1944 - 1969
9/25 Newspaper clippings re: Indians of Montana 1970 - 1973
9/26 Newspaper clippings re: Indians of Montana 1974 - 1978
9/27 Newspaper : "A'tome" 1974
9/28 Newspaper: "Borrowed Times" 1973 - 1975
9/29 Newspaper : Browning Sentinal 1969 - 1970
9/30 Newspaper: Cut Bank (Montana) Star 1978
9/31 Newspaper: "The Glacier Reporter" 1963 - 1966
9/32 Newspaper: "Glacial Reporter" 1967 - 1969
9/33 Newspaper: "Glacial Reporter" Jan. - June 1970
9/34 Newspaper: "Glacial Reporter" July - Sep. 1970
9/35 Newspaper: "Glacial Reporter" Jan. - June 1971
10/1 Newspaper: "Glacial Reporter" July - Dec. 1971
10/2 Newspaper: "The Glacier Reporter" (Browning, MT) 1973 - 1976 (incomplete)
10/3 Newspaper: "Indian Times" 1969 - 1971
10/4 Newspaper: The Medicine Bundle May 1977
10/5 Newspaper: Mission Valley News 1975
10/6 Newspaper: National Fellowship of Indian Workers, Lawrence, KS; Home Missions Council 1950 - 1954
10/7 Newspaper: North Idaho Reservation News Aug. 20, 1953
10/8 Newspaper: Northwest Indian News (Times) 1969 - 1974
10/9 Newspaper: "Our Heritage" 1970
10/10 Newspaper: "The People's Voice" July 4, 1969
10/11 Newspaper: Pioneer Press Feb. 1, 1973 - July 17, 1974
10/12 Newspaper: profiles Sep. 1970
10/13 Newspaper: Standing Rock Star, Sioux Reservation, North Dakota Feb. 10, 1976
10/14 North American Indian League 1969 - 1973
10/15 North Dakota Indian Affairs Commission Mar. 13 - Nov. 13, 1957
10/16 Northern Cheyenne Tribe of Indians of Montana Feb. 28, 1915 - 1964
10/17 Northern Montana Work Conference on Indian Affairs 1955 - 1957
10/18 Northern Plains Indians Crafts Association
10/19 Northwest Regional Indian Youth Conference May 1 - 3, 1964
10/20 Northwestern tribes: report of delegation Spokane Oct. 18, 1966
10/21 Notes (handwritten)
10/22 Off-reservation Indians
10/23 Opportunities, Inc.: 4th Annual Report Apr. 1, 1968 - Mar. 31, 1969
10/24 Pacific Northwest Indian Center 1966 - 1971
10/25 Pambrun, George. "Statement before Senate Committee on Blackfeet Affairs" Apr. 15, 1952
10/26 "Perpetuating the Indian Heritage." Spokesman-Review Magazine Jan. 17, 1971
10/27 Photographs (photocopies, misc.) - see box 11, folders 39 ff
10/28 Pickett, Lloyd C. "Some Approaches to Development and the Indian Development." Montana State Univeristy Dec. 1972
10/29 "Pivot Persons in the Poverty Areas" in Proceedings of Montana Academy of Sciences: 29: 128-135 1969
10/30 Policy resolution Mar. 30, 1950 - May 9, 1964
10/31 Political power for Montana Indians: Montana scholarship service, Committee on the Humanities
10/32 Raines, Howell. "American Indians Struggling for Power and Identity," New York Times Magazine, pp. 21 - 54 Feb. 11, 1979
10/33 Reichelt, Clyde. "Rocky Boy Indians." Great Falls Tribune. Feb. 1, 1959
10/34 Rocky Boy's Agency: information bulletins 1967
10/35 Rocky Boy's reservation: needs Apr. 2, 1954 - Nov. 18, 1957
10/36 Rocky Boy's tribal meetings 1944, 1955, 1956
10/37 Rocky Boy's Indian reservation 1955 - 1971
10/38 Rocky Boy's reservation: proposed saw mill Apr. 2, 1969
10/39 Rocky Boy's tribal council minutes Mar 16, 1965 - May 26, 1966
10/40 Rocky Boy's welfare problems Aug. 25, 1955 - Nov. 10, 1964
10/41 Rocky Mountain College Center for Indian Studies
10/42 Roe Cloud Roll: Rocky Boy's, Ft. Belknap and Turtle Mountain c. 1930
10/43 Roster of tribal officials, Billings area 1969 - 1973
10/44 Rural areas Oct. 1969 - Jan. 13, 1971
10/45 Russell, Charles M. : newsclippings Mar. 27, 1927
10/46 St. Vincent de Paul Society 1968 - 1969
10/47 Sandoz, Mari. "There were two Sitting Bulls."
10/48 Schmidt, Arnold (portrait) Sep. 24, 1977
10/49 School-community relationships in an American Indian community
10/50 School and Indians Nov. 12, 1956 - Feb. 1965
10/51 "Services to American Indians through Institutions of higher learning in seven northwestern states," Indian Action Project, University of Utah May 1970
10/52 Shipman, Richard C. "Space Age Technology to Upgrade Indian Health in Montana" Sep. 21, 1971
10/53 St. Labre Indian school, Ashland, Montana
10/54 St. Labre mission, Ashland, Montana 1956 - 1958
10/55 School readiness survey Aug. 31, 1957
10/56 Scrapbook: "A case history of television documentary 'The American Stranger'." Robert Max Knutzen, University of Wisconsin Nov. 14, 1960 - Feb. 2, 1961
10/57 Scrapbook: "Montana History, Pioneers, and Homesteaders" July 10, 1947
10/58 Seattle Indian development program June 9, 1971
10/59 Social Welfare: Montana conference 1949
10/60 Stand Rock Sioux tribal rehabilitation program Aug. 25, 1964
10/61 State welfare and Indians Nov. 1953 - Sep. 1963
10/62 Statewide Indian land use and policy meeting, "The land is Our mother" Nov. 14 - 15, 1974
10/63 Sterling, Matthew W. "Indians of Our Western Plains," National Geographic Magazine. c.1942
10/64 Surplus food, statement by Frank Murray Feb. 17, 1958
10/65 Sweet Grass Hills judgement award 1935
10/66 Teacher attitudes observed in Great Falls, MT 1966
10/67 Termination Oct. 15, 1953 - May 7, 1958
10/67a Youth Conservation Corps: local area youth employment program, hearings, HR1890 Feb. 18 - 25, 1963
10/68 Indian prayer book
11/1 Termination 1949 - 1959
11/2 Termination: Colville, hearings on HR5925, S1413, and R6331 June 18 - Nov. 5, 1965
11/3 Termination of federal supervision of certain tribes of Indians: hearings, S2150 and HR7319 Feb. 25 - 27, 1954
11/4 Termination in the 1950s Sep. 1, 1953 - Aug. 18, 1958
11/5 Termination: letters Feb. 1949 - Dec. 28, 1954
11/6 Termination of letters Jan. 14, 1955 - Aug. 10, 1963
11/7 Famous memo re: readjustment (termination) Apr. 12, 1956
11/8 Termination: opening speeches for and against, US Congress 1949 - 1954
11/9 Termination: pamphlets and clippings 1951 - 1960
11/10 Termination: Senate reports 1947 - 1959
11/11 Termination papers 1954 - 1970
11/12 "War of 54": termination push begins, termination bill HR108 passed July 27, 1953
11/13 Tenfel, Fr. Lee, S.J.; "Black robe among the Blackfeet," Spokane, WA: Westmont Word, pp. 10-11 Feb. 1, 1978
11/14 "Tough love - a technique for half-way house," Proceedings of the Montana Academyy of Sciences, 33: 104 - 109 1973
11/15 "Trailer school"
11/16 Tribal resources 1956 - 1961
11/17 Trouble spots, Indian Affairs Administration, agenda Nov. 28, 1952
11/18 Turtle Mountain reservation investigation 1954 - 1958
11/19 The 23rd Psalm as understood by Plains Indians
11/20 University of Montana, Institute for Indian Affairs 1954 - 1959
11/21 Urban Indians organization: proposal 1973 - 1974
11/22 Urban Indians: case studies Feb. 15, 1966
11/23 Urban Indians: samples of procedures in establish rights to Bureau of Indian Affairs services Apr. 26, 1961
11/24 "Very important material of the 1950s" 1948 - Dec. 27, 1964
11/25 Virgin of Guadalupe
11/26 Volunteer needs
11/27 Western Region Indian alcholism training center June 1973
11/28 White, John R. "The Blackfeet Flood." Billings, Montana, Bureau of Indian Affairs 1964
11/29 White House Conference on Children and Youth Nov. - Dec., 1950
11/30 "The White Shield," (class annual) Hayes, Montana 1955 and 1957
11/31 Wind River Service Unit program plan, Billings area March 1, 1960
11/32 Worskhop in understanding 1956 - 1964
11/33 Wounded Knee 1955 - 1973
11/34 Wounded Knee Indians (newspaper clippings) Mar. 19, 1973 - May 30, 1973
11/35 WY-TANA-HO (Indian community action project) Feb. 22, 1971
11/36 Yakima Indians 1950
11/37 Yellowtail, Robert - Crow leader 1949 - 1961
11/38 Yellowtail dam on Crow reservation, newspaper clipping Aug. 28, 1957
11/39 Drawings (pencil) by Fast Hope Buffalo (Sioux)
11/40 Photographs
11/41 Photographs
11/42 Photographs
11/43 Photographs: Blackfeet at Heart Butte (Blackfeet reservation) during starving time c. 1960s
11/44 Photographs: Hill 57, Great Falls, MT 1957
11/45 Photograph: "Little Dan" (Sioux Indian boy)
11/46 Photographs: Pawhuska - Osage, OK
11/47 Photographs: potato picking, Fairfield, MT 1962
11/48 Photograph: Sr. Providencia with Eleanor Roosevelt Sep. 1941
11/49 Photographs: Sr. Providencia at Inter-tribal Board Meeting, state capitol, Helena, MT 1957
11/50 Postcards
11/51 Miscellaneous visual material
11/52 Drawing, pen, of John F. Kennedy by Robert Gopher 1970

Subjects

This collection is indexed under the following headings in the Online Computer Library Center (OCLC) WorldCat database. Researchers desiring materials about related topics, persons, or places should search WorldCat using these headings.

  • Personal Names :
  • Tolan, Providencia, Sister--Archives
  • Corporate Names :
  • Blackfeet Tribal Business Council
  • Confederated Salish & Kootnai Tribal Council
  • Crow Tribe
  • Sisters of Charity of Providence
  • United States--Bureau of Indian Affairs
  • Geographical Names :
  • Cascade County (Mont.)
  • Great Blackfeet Reservation (Mont.)
  • Great Falls (Mont.)--History
  • Montana--History
  • Subject Terms :
  • Crow Indians
  • Indians of North America--Education
  • Indians of North America--Government relations
  • Indians of North America--Land tenure--Northwest, Pacific
  • Siksika Indians

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