Guide to the Arthur and Mabel Billing Papers
1910-1960

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Overview of the Collection

Creator: Billing, Arthur William, 1877-1960Billing, Mabel Spohr, 1880-1968
Title: Arthur and Mabel Billing papers
Dates: 1910-1960 ( inclusive )
Quantity: 1.0 linear feet (2 containers)
Collection Number: Ax 652
Summary: Collection comprises papers of Arthur William and Mabel Spohr Billing, Methodist missionaries to China, connected with the Union High School at Foochow (Fuzhou), Fukien (Fujian) Province, and includes correspondence, Mabel Billing's diary (1939-1943), mission newsletters, minutes and other official records of the Foochow Conference of the Methodist Church, Foochow (Fuzhou) newspapers, Foochow Union High School pamphlets and photograph album, and a thesis by Portia Billings Foster on the high school.
Repository: Special Collections and University Archives, University of Oregon Libraries

1299 University of Oregon
Eugene, Oregon, 97403-1299
(541) 346-3068
spcarref@uoregon.edu

Languages: Collection materials are in English. 
Sponsor: Funding for encoding this finding aid was provided through a grant awarded by the National Endowment for the Humanities.

Historical Note

Arthur and Mabel Billing were longtime Methodist missionaries to China who were connected with the Union High School at Foochow, Fukien Province.

The correspondence in the collection is representative of their last years in China and letters written in retirement. Correspondents include fellow missionaries, former student and the Mission Board of the Methodist Church.

Outspokenly against United States involvement in Aisa, the Billings waged a correspondence campaign with the U.S. government regarding Indochina, beginning as early as 1954 to criticize Eisenhower policies, i.e., the rise of the domino theory. They were also critical of defense spending and nuclear development and testing.

Their dislike for Chiang Kai Shek and his "warlords," whom they accused of amassing wealth amid galloping inflation, led them to regard the change of government on mainland China as desirable and worthwhile for the people. Fellow missioner Congressman Walter Judd, now identified with the AMA and China lobbies, was the recipient of a denouncement of U.S. policy in Asia. His answer is not included.

After returning to the United States, the Billings were instrumental in bringing several former students to the U.S. for university education, in some cases giving financial assistance from their pensions.

Arthur and Mabel Billing are now deceased.

Content Description

Collection comprises papers of Arthur William and Mabel Spohr Billing, Methodist missionaries to China, connected with the Union High School at Foochow (Fuzhou), Fukien (Fujian) Province, and includes correspondence, Mabel Billing's diary (1939-1943), mission newsletters, minutes and other official records of the Foochow Conference of the Methodist Church, Foochow (Fuzhou) newspapers, Foochow Union High School pamphlets and photograph album, and a thesis by Portia Billings Foster on the high school.

Use of the Collection

Restrictions on Access :  

Collection is open to the public.

Collection must be used in Special Collections & University Archives Reading Room.

Restrictions on Use :  

Property rights reside with Special Collections & University Archives, University of Oregon Libraries. Copyright resides with the creators of the documents or their heirs. All requests for permission to publish collection materials must be submitted to Special Collections & University Archives. The reader must also obtain permission of the copyright holder.

Archival material may contain materials with sensitive or confidential information that is protected under federal and/or state right to privacy laws and other regulations.

Researchers are advised that the disclosure of certain information pertaining to identifiable living individuals represented in this collection without the consent of those individuals may have legal ramifications (e.g. a cause of action for invasion of privacy may arise if facts concerning an individual's private life are published that would be deemed highly offensive to a reasonable person) for which the University of Oregon assumes no responsibility.

If a researcher finds sensitive personal information in a collection, please bring it to the attention of the reading room staff.

Preferred Citation :  

[Identification of item], Arthur and Mabel Billing Papers, Ax 652, Special Collections & University Archives, University of Oregon Libraries, Eugene, Oregon.

Administrative Information

Processing Note :  

Collection processed by staff.

This finding aid may be updated periodically to account for new acquisitions to the collection and/or revisions in arrangement and description.


Detailed Description of the Collection

Correspondence
Container(s)
Description
Dates
Box
1 Outgoing (226) 1935-1939
Incoming (134) 1940-1960
Box
1 Ayer, Gene (2) 1947
1 Chandler, Grant (1) 1949
1 Hsi-Hsuing Chen (1) 1948
1 Fisher, Conrad (1) 1959
1 Hsiao, C. M. (9) 1948-1949
1 Humphrey, Loren R. (4) 1947-1948
1 Hyam, Emma M. (2) 1943
1 Lacy, Henry V. (2) 1943
1 Lin, K.P. (6) 1944-1947
1 Lin, Y. F. (1) 1948
1 Ling, Dung Keg (1) 1947
1 Ho Sieng Main (4) 1947, 1949
1 Methodist Church. Board of Missions (39) 1940-1960
1 Methodist Church. Board of World Peace (2) 1958
1 Ming, Ding Gu (1) 1947
1 The Advocate Magazine (5) 1956-1958
1 Noble, Martha (1) 1949
1 Thelin, Guy A. (3) 1947, 1948
1 United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration (1) 1947
1 United States Government (22) 1951-1955
1 Wiant, Paul P. (12) 1947-1954
1 Wong, B. C. (1) 1947
1 Unidentified (4)

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Mission newsletters, 55 p.
Container(s)
box
1

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Missionary Christmas letters, 1 folder
Container(s)
box
1

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Master's thesis. By Portia Billings Foster

A preview by a prospective teacher in a Chinese rural high school of the potential relationship of its activities with the family and community life. A study of the Union High School, Fukien Province, China. Carbon. 65 p.

Container(s)
box
1

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Yearbook and official minutes of the Foochow Conference of the Methodist Church, 1945-1949
Container(s)
box
1

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Bylaws. International Cooperative Society of Foochow, 1939
Container(s)
box
1

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Foochow Union High School pamphlets (5)
Container(s)
box
1

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Foochow News, Winter 1939, Autumn 1941
Container(s)
box
1

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Easy Chinese lessons for illiterates
Container(s)
box
1

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Addenda
Container(s)
Description
Dates
Correspondence, outgoing (46)
Box
2 Billing, Arthur (16) 1927-1947
2 Billing, Mabel (27) 1910-1947
2 Biling, Arthur and Mabel (3) 1934-1946
Correspondence, incoming (34)
Box
2 Adams, Uniola (1) 1947
2 Billing, Betty (Daughter) (1) 1927
2 Bissonnette, Stella (1) 1944
2 Brewster, Dorothy (1) 1951
2 Cheng, Ko Ling (1) 1947
2 Hayes, E. Pearce (1) 1945
2 Hwanan College (2) 1946
2 Jarvis, Anne and Bruce (1) 1953
2 Lacy, Jessie (Mrs. Henry V.) (1) undated
2 Lau, Iong Hung (1) 1947
2 Ling, Haiu Lieng and Bo Cio Wong (1) 1947
2 Ling, Seu Cing (3) 1947-1950
2 Methodist Church. Board of Missions and Church Extension (1) 1945
2 Methodist Episcopal Church. Board of Foreign Missions. (2) 1947-1949
2 National Southwest Associated University Christian Fellowship (1) 1940
2 Newell, George (2) 1943-1947
2 Newell, Mary. (Mrs. George) (5) 1947-1953
2 Newell, George and Mary (1) 1937
2 Ngung, S. (1) 1947
2 Thelin, Betty (1) 1937
2 Thelin, Guy (1) undated
2 Topping, Bessie (1) 1945
2 Ward, Ralph A. (1) 1949
2 Wiant, Paul P. (2) 1952
2 Wong, Bo Cio. [See Ling, Haiu Lieng]
Box
2 Diary. Mabel Billing. (1) 1939-1943
2 Photograph album. Union High School, Foochow, Fukien, China (1) 1947
Miscellaneous 1947
Box
2 Memorandum by Ralph C. Wells on the Christian Middle School situation in China. Mimeographed, 8 p. May 7, 1948
2 Statement by Frank T. Cartwright, Associate Secretary of the Board of Missions and Church Extensions of the Methodist Church, on the present status of Christian work in China. Mimeographed, 4 p. June 16, 1949
2 Foochow News, v. 7, no. 1 November 1933
2 Pamphlets (3) 1927-1947

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Subjects

  • Personal Names :
  • Billing, Arthur William, 1877-1960
  • Billing, Arthur William, 1877-1960--Correspondence
  • Billing, Mabel Spohr, 1880-1968
  • Billing, Mabel Spohr, 1880-1968--Correspondence
  • Billing, Mabel Spohr, 1880-1968--Diaries
  • Foster, Portia Billings, 1921-
  • Corporate Names :
  • Methodist Church (U.S.)--Missions--China--Fuzhou Shi (Fujian Sheng)
  • Methodist Church. Foochow Conference
  • Methodist Church. Foochow Conference--Records and correspondence
  • Union High School (Fuzhou Shi (Fujian Sheng), China)
  • Union High School (Fuzhou Shi (Fujian Sheng), China)--Records and correspondence
  • Geographical Names :
  • China--Foreign relations--United States
  • Fuzhou Shi (Fujian Sheng, China)
  • United States--Foreign relations--China
  • Subject Terms :
  • Missionaries--China--Fuzhou Shi (Fujian Sheng)
  • Missions, American--China--Fuzhou Shi (Fujian Sheng)
    • Form or Genre Terms :
    • Photographs

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