Guide to the Ku Klux Klan Tillamook, Oregon Chapter No. 8 Records
1922-1929

Print this Finding Aid | Email this Finding Aid


Results

Overview of the Collection

Creator: Ku Klux Klan, Tillamook
Title: Ku Klux Klan Tillamook, Oregon Chapter No. 8 records
Dates: 1922-1929 ( inclusive )
Quantity: 1.25 linear feet (1 container)
Collection Number: Bx 046
Summary: The Ku Klux Klan, Tillamook Chapter No. 8 was active from 1921 through 1938; its activities were mostly anti-Catholic and anti-Semitic. The collection contains correspondence, minutes, reports, membership lists and paraphernalia, financial records, an account ledger, and costume insignia. Included are some records pertaining to the Klan’s Empire Mutual Life Insurance Company, a national organization.
Repository: Special Collections and University Archives, University of Oregon Libraries

1299 University of Oregon
Eugene, Oregon, 97403-1299
(541) 346-3068
spcarref@uoregon.edu

Languages: Collection materials are in English. 
Sponsor: Funding for encoding this finding aid was provided through a grant awarded by the National Endowment for the Humanities.

Historical Note

After WWI the Ku Klux Klan, which had been largely suppressed since the 1870s, underwent a national resurgence under the leadership of William Joseph Simons. The re-established Klan retained its former goals of white supremacy and sectional patriotism, but added new targets of religious, cultural and social bigotry to its agenda. During the 1920s the Klan grew into the largest anti-Negro, anti-Semitic, anti-Roman Catholic and anti-immigrant organization in the history of the US. This growth reached Oregon in 1921 when out-of-state Klan organizers arrived in Medford and began enrolling members around the state. According to Eckard Vance Toy, “The peak of Klan power in Oregon was reached during 1922 and 1923 when the Klan’s lobbyists and political organization applied continual pressure upon legislative and law enforcement officials. Klan influence was still important during the legislative assemblies of 1925 and 1927, but by then it had lost its hold over the people and even its own members” (Toy 34).

One of the major agenda items adopted by the Oregon Klan was the Compulsory Education Bill of 1922, which required all Oregon children to attend public schools and ordered the closure of all private and parochial schools. Although the bill was passed by popular vote, the US Supreme Court ruled it unconstitutional in 1924 and the law never took effect.

Religion dominated the Klan’s activities in Tillamook, although they were opposed by a vocal Roman Catholic minority. Recruits were found among local ministers and members of churches, most notably the Nazarene, Baptist, United Brethren and Christian; and among fraternal organizations including the Masons, the I.O.O.F., and the Elks. Klan membership in the early 1920s peaked at 600 to 800, although at any given time there were rarely more than 200 actively participating members. Nevertheless, from 1922 through 1932, most city, county and state officials from Tillamook were either Klansmen or former Klansmen. The mayor of Tillamook was a Klansman, as was the editor of the Tillamook Headlight; his newspaper often backed Klan positions.

By the end of the 1920s, however, the Tillamook Klan had lost much of its aggressive political power, and had deteriorated into “a social organization on the fringes of respectable fraternalism” (Toy 84). By 1938 the Depression, public disgust at Klan tactics, and lack of substantive issues had combined to render the Oregon Klan all but obsolete.

Work cited: Toy, Eckard Vance Jr. The Ku Klux Klan in Oregon; Its Character and Program. Thesis, M.A. University of Oregon: June 1959.

Content Description

The collection includes correspondence, reports, minutes, membership materials, financial records, an account ledger, and costume insignia of the Ku Klux Klan, Tillamook Chapter No. 8. The majority of the records constitute membership materials and financial documents.

Use of the Collection

Restrictions on Access :  

Collection is open to the public.

Collection must be used in Special Collections & University Archives Reading Room.

Restrictions on Use :  

Property rights reside with Special Collections & University Archives, University of Oregon Libraries. Copyright resides with the creators of the documents or their heirs. All requests for permission to publish collection materials must be submitted to Special Collections & University Archives. The reader must also obtain permission of the copyright holder.

Archival material may contain materials with sensitive or confidential information that is protected under federal and/or state right to privacy laws and other regulations.

Researchers are advised that the disclosure of certain information pertaining to identifiable living individuals represented in this collection without the consent of those individuals may have legal ramifications (e.g. a cause of action for invasion of privacy may arise if facts concerning an individual's private life are published that would be deemed highly offensive to a reasonable person) for which the University of Oregon assumes no responsibility.

If a researcher finds sensitive personal information in a collection, please bring it to the attention of the reading room staff.

Preferred Citation :  

[Identification of Item], Ku Klux Klan Tillamook, Oregon Chapter No. 8 records, Bx 046, Special Collections & University Archives, University of Oregon Libraries, Eugene, Oregon.

Administrative Information

Arrangement :

Collection is organized into eight series.

Series I: Correspondence contains letters pertaining to membership issues, including a letter from Empire Mutual, the Klan’s multi-state life insurance company. The correspondence is housed in Box 1, Folders 2 and 3.

Series II: Reports contains membership and financial reports for three quarters of 1926; the reports list suspended and re-enlisted members by name, and summarize financial transactions. The reports are housed in Box 1, Folders 4 through 7.

Series III: Minutes contains a set of meeting minutes from January through August of 1928. These minutes are in Box 1, Folder 8.

Series IV: Membership Materials contains handwritten applications for membership (these ask for physical descriptions, church affiliations and other personal data), membership lists (including suspended members), and oath and loyalty questionnaires. These are housed in Box 1, Folders 9 through 19.

Series V: Financial Records contains bills and receipts from various financial transactions, and cancelled checks and bank statements. These are housed in Box 1, Folders 20 through 40 (see Series VIII for additional financial records).

Series VI: Miscellaneous contains assorted bulletins, notices, and pamphlets, including a resolution in support of a Senator and Representative who acted as “guardians of our interests,” and material relating to the Klan’s Empire Mutual Life Insurance Company. These items are in Box 2.

Series VII: Artifacts contains costume insignia (two cloth patches and one red silk sash) in Box 3.

Series VIII: Oversize houses an Account Ledger from 1923–1925 in Box 4.

Related Materials :  

For other KKK items, see Broadsides G 1924 K586c (re a speaker) and G 1924 K586 (Bandon Chapter).


Detailed Description of the Collection

Inventory
Container(s)
box
folder
1 1

^ Return to Top

Series I:  Correspondence
Container(s)
Description
Dates
Box
Folder
1 2 Official correspondence 1922-1929
1 3 General correspondence 1923-1927

^ Return to Top

Series II:  Reports
Container(s)
Description
Dates
Box
Folder
1 4 Kligrapp's Quarterly Report 1st 1926
1 5 Kligrapp's Quarterly Report 2nd 1926
1 6 Kligrapp's Quarterly Report 3rd 1926
1 7 Loyalty and Kligrapp's Quarterly Report Blanks

^ Return to Top

Series III:  Minutes
Container(s)
Description
Dates
Box
Folder
1 8 Minutes (incomplete) 1928

^ Return to Top

Series IV:  Membership Materials
Container(s)
Description
Box
Folder
1 9 Completed Petitions for Membership
1 10 Handwritten Member List
1 11 Membership and Dues records
1 12 Membership Lists and Dues Suspensions
1 13 Suspend Non-Payment List
1 14 Membership Application Blanks
1 15 Krusaders Oath and Loyalty Questionnaire Blanks
1 16-18 Loyalty Questionnaire Blanks
1 19 Membership Data Blanks

^ Return to Top

Series V:  Financial records
Container(s)
Description
Dates
Box
Folder
1 20 Business Bills
1 21 Electric Bills
1 22 Janitorial Work and Maintenance Bills
1 23 Miscellaneous Bills and Receipts
1 24 Paid Stubs
1 25 Klabec's Official Receipts
1 26 Statements of Account 1923-1926
1 27 Deposit Slips 1926-1928
1 28 Voided Checks February 1924-June 1924
1 29 Voided Checks June 1924-July 1924
1 30 Voided Checks January 1925
1 31 Voided Checks February 1925
1 32 Voided Checks March 1925
1 33 Voided Checks April 1925
1 34 Voided Checks May 1925
1 35 Voided Checks June 1925
1 36 Voided Checks July 1925
1 37 Voided Checks September 1925
1 38 Voided Checks October 1925
1 39 Voided Checks November 1925-December 1925
1 40 Voided Checks 1926

^ Return to Top

Series VI:  Miscellaneous
Container(s)
Description
Box
Folder
2 1 Notices and Bulletins
2 2 Empire Mutual Insurance (Insurance Bonds, Application blanks, Receipt, Premium Card)
2 3-4 Pamphlets
2 5 Supply Order Blanks

^ Return to Top

Series VII:  Artifacts
Container(s)
Description
Box
Folder
3 1 Costume insignia (two cloth patches and one red silk sash)

^ Return to Top

Series VIII:  Oversize
Container(s)
Description
Dates
Box
Folder
4 1 Account Ledger 1923-1925

^ Return to Top

Subjects

  • Corporate Names :
  • Ku Klux Klan (1915- ). Oregon Chapter No. 8 (Tillamook, Or.).
  • Subject Terms :
  • Ku Klux Klan (1915- ). Oregon Chapter No. 8 (Tillamook, Or.)--Records and correspondence
  • Ku Klux Klan (1915- )--Oregon--Tillamook
    • Form or Genre Terms :
    • Membership lists--Oregon--Tillamook

    ^ Return to Top