Journalism courses were first offered at Oregon Agricultural College during the 1914/15 school year, and the Department of Industrial Journalism was created in 1918. The department's purpose was to train students "who wish to take positions on farm and trade journals, newspapers, and other publications, especially where writing on industrial subjects such as Agriculture, Home Economics, and Engineering is required" (1919/20 OAC Catalogue). On three occasions during the 1920s, the State Board of Higher Curricula was requested to consider restricting or eliminating industrial journalism at Oregon State.
During the 1930s and 1940s, journalism at Oregon State was administered jointly with the program at the University of Oregon as part of the higher education reorganization in Oregon. In 1969, departmental majors were offered for the first time; subsequently, thirty technical minors were added. In 1992, the Journalism Department was eliminated as part of university wide budget reductions.
Department chairs have included Frank Snow, 1928; Maynard Brown, 1929; Charles D. Byrne, 1929-1932; Fred M. Shideler, 1932-1967; Fred Zwahlen, 1967-1989; and Jon Franklin, 1989-1991.
The Journalism Department Records document the development of undergraduate and graduate instruction programs in technical (industrial) journalism at Oregon State University. The records include materials pertaining to the reorganization of higher education in Oregon in the early 1930s and the controversy between the University of Oregon and Oregon Agricultural College in the 1920s regarding the offering of journalism degrees of OAC.
Much of the collection consists of microfilmed scrapbooks of newspaper clippings from Oregon newspapers. The clippings are of articles about Oregon State and/or ones written by Oregon State students for the newspapers. Many of the scrapbooks have accompanying subject indexes.
The remainder of the collection was created or assembled by department chair Fred Zwahlen and includes materials pertaining to accreditation and special events, including the Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication annual convention in Corvallis in 1983; subject files pertaining to curriculum, faculty, budgets, and graduates and advisees; and materials assembled for the Journalism Advisory Council. Of particular note in the subject files are materials regarding former Oregon Governor Tom McCall's position at OSU in the early 1970s.
Also of note in the collection are sound recordings of Associated Press science writer and editor, Alton Blakeslee; New York Times science writer, Sandra Blakeslee (with KOAC reporter Shirley Howard); Oregonian editor, J. Richard Nokes, and KGW-TV News Director, Ed Godfrey recorded in 1970-1971.
Restrictions on Access :
Collection is open for research. Access to materials in Series VII and VIII pertaining to journalism advisees is restricted and subject to review by the University Archivist.Preferred Citation :
Journalism Department Records (RG 091), Oregon State University Archives, Corvallis, Oregon.
The records are arranged in nine series: I. Briefs and Statements, 1920-1928; II. Clippings on OSSHE Budget and Survey of Higher Education, 1930-1931; III. Miscellaneous, 1921-1925; IV. Oregon Newspaper Scrapbooks, 1918-1951; V. Accreditation, 1977-1988; VI. Special Event Records, 1979-1988; VII. Subject Files, 1966-1988; VIII. Journalism Advisory Council, 1988; and IX. Sound Recordings, 1970-1971.
Acquisition Information :
Transferred in several accessions from the 1960s through 1995.Related Materials :
Photographs pertaining to the Journalism Department can be found in the Journalism Department Photographic Collection (P 208) and in Harriet's Collection. The Beaver Yearbook (P 003) and Barometer (P 035) Photographic Collections include photographs taken by student photojournalists. The Archives includes the papers or records of several journalism faculty, alumni journalists, and journalism organizations, including Fred M. Shideler, Frank H. Bartholomew, Ted Carlson, Hope Chamberlin, A. Freeman Mason, and Theta Sigma Phi (Alpha Eta Chapter).
Detailed Description of the Collection
Series I pertains to attempts by the University of Oregon in the 1920s to discontinue or reduce the courses in industrial journalism at Oregon Agricultural College (OAC) and OAC's responses.
Series II contains newspaper clippings about the Oregon State System of Higher Educations' budget and the survey of higher education in Oregon in the early 1930s which led to the reorganization of higher education and the transfer of academic programs between Oregon State College and the University of Oregon.
Series IIII pertains to attempts by the University of Oregon in the 1920s to discontinue or reduce the courses in industrial journalism at Oregon Agricultural College (OAC) and OAC's responses.
Series IV consists of 68 newspaper clippings scrapbooks that include articles about Oregon State and/or that were written by Oregon State students for the newspapers. Indexes are available for some of the scrapbooks. A few of the volumes have handwritten indexes. The scrapbooks are only available on microfilm; the indexes are available in original paper form.
Series V documents accreditation of the department by the Accrediting Council on Education in Journalism and Mass Communication in 1977 and 1985.
Series VI contains special event records from the 1983 annual convention of the Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication held in Corvallis and from the department's 75th anniversary activities in 1988.
Series VII consists of subject files pertaining to advising, affirmative action, budgets, curriculum, faculty, and graduates. Many of the materials were created or assembled by department chair, Fred Zwahlen.
Series VIII consists of an information book assembled for the Journalism Advisory Council. It includes summary and promotional information about the department and includes a curriculum proposal for a master's degree in scientific and technical communication, budget information, a site visit report, a list of journalism advisees, and a paper by Edwin J. Peterson, Black Hats: The Inevitable Garb of Lawyers and Reporters.
Access to materials pertaining to journalism advisees is restricted and subject to review by the University Archivist.
The sound recordings consist of 13 reel-to-reel tape recordings, primarily of journalists. Several of the tapes are of Alton Blakeslee (Associated Press Science Writer) with Fred Zwahlen and Sam Bailey. The tapes also include recordings of Sandra Blakeslee (Science Writer with the New York Times), Science Journalism in the '70s, with KOAC radio reporter Shirley Howard; a news seminar with Richard Nokes of the Oregonian and Ed Godfrey of KGW; and a Professor of Journalism at the University of Wisconsin (Tickener?).