Guide to the Helen Frye Papers

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Overview of the Collection

Creator: Frye, Helen
Title: Helen Frye papers
Dates: 1971-2011
Quantity: 16.0 linear feet (12 containers)
Collection Number: Coll 348
Summary: Helen Frye was born in Klamath Falls, Oregon in 1930. She earned her B.A. in English in 1953, her M.A. in Education in 1961, and her J.D. in 1966, all from the University of Oregon. After earning her M.A. she taught high school English; after earning her law degree she joined her husband, William Frye, in private legal practice. After five years in private practice, Frye became a judge for Oregon Circuit Court's second district (Lane County). In 1980, Frye was appointed by President Carter as the first female judge for the U.S. District Court of Oregon. After 15 years as U.S. District Court judge, Frye began working part-time as a senior judge in 1995. She retired years later. Frye died on April 21, 2011 and is survived by her four children, five grandchildren and one great grandchild.
Repository: Special Collections and University Archives, University of Oregon Libraries

1299 University of Oregon
Eugene, Oregon, 97403-1299
(541) 346-3068
spcarref@uoregon.edu

Languages: Collection materials are in English. 
Sponsor: Funding for production of this finding aid was provided through a grant awarded by the Library Services and Technology Act (LSTA) administered through the Oregon State Library.

Historical Note

Helen Frye was born in Klamath Falls in 1930, where she was raised on the family farm. Her father died when she was three and she was raised by her maternal grandmother while her mother and brother were infected with tuberculosis.

She married William Frye in 1952, her junior year at the University of Oregon, and graduated with an undergraduate degree in English the following year. In 1961 Frye earned her master's degree in education at UO and then became a high school English teacher. According to her son E. Max Frye, she was forced to resign from her job teaching high-school English in Eugene because she was pregnant.

Her husband William Frye became Lane County District Attorney at age 29 and was, according to her son, a major influence in Frye's decision to attend the University of Oregon's School of Law. She earned her juris doctorate in 1966 and began working for her husband in private legal practice shortly after she passed the bar. After five years in private practice, Frye became a judge for Oregon Circuit Court's second district which covered Lane county. In 1973, she oversaw the case of 19-year-old Dayton Leroy Rogers who had assaulted two young girls. Frye found Rogers not guilty by reason of mental disease or defect and sent him to the Oregon State Hospital for treatment. Rogers later went on to become Oregon's most notorious serial killer.

In 1980, Frye was appointed by President Carter as the first female judge for the U.S. District Court of Oregon. During her time as District Court judge, she presided over many important cases including a $175-million dispute over the dumping of sewage into the Tualatin River; a fight between the spotted owl protectionists and logging interests; and several cases against the Rajneesh. In 1985, Frye ruled the 3-year-old city of Rajneeshpuram invalid because of its unconstitutional church-state link.

After 15 years as U.S. District Court judge, Frye began working part-time as a senior judge in 1995. She retired years later. Frye died on April 21, 2011 and is survived by her four children, five grandchildren and one great grandchild.

Content Description

The Helen Frye papers consist of research material, correspondence and paperwork from the time she served as an Oregon Circuit Court judge (1971-1980) and United States District Court for the District of Oregon (1980-2011) judge.

The collection is divided into series as follows:

Series I contains correspondence and paperwork for Helen Frye's judgeship as Oregon's Circuit Court judge (1971-1980). Paperwork includes appeals from various cases Frye presided over along with material related to Frye's campaign for Circuit Court judge. Correspondence and appeal materials are arranged by year.

Series II contains correspondence and paperwork from Frye's term as Oregon's District Court Judge (1980-2011). Paperwork includes opinions, appellate decisions and jury instructions for cases Frye presided over. This includes major cases involving PGE, the city of Rajneesh, along with many others. Jury instructions, appellate decisions and correspondence are ordered by year.

Series III contains research and speech material Frye collected for various topics. Major topics include rape, sex discrimination and women's rights.

Series IV consists of subject files regarding Frye throughout her terms as Circuit Court and District Court judges, as well as an oral history of her life.

Use of the Collection

Preferred Citation :  

[Identification of item], Helen Frye papers, Coll 348, Special Collections & University Archives, University of Oregon Libraries, Eugene, Oregon.

Restrictions on Use :  

Property rights reside with Special Collections & University Archives, University of Oregon Libraries. Copyright resides with the creators of the documents or their heirs. All requests for permission to publish collection materials must be submitted to Special Collections & University Archives. The reader must also obtain permission of the copyright holder.

Restrictions on Access :  

Collection is open to the public.

Collection must be used in Special Collections & University Archives Reading Room.

Collection includes sound recordings, moving images, or digital files to which access is restricted. Access to these materials is governed by repository policy and may require the production of listening or viewing copies. Researchers requiring access must notify Special Collections & University Archives in advance and pay fees for reproduction services as necessary.

Administrative Information

Arrangement :

Collection is organized into the following series:

Series I: Circuit Court (1971-1980) Series II:District Court (1980-2011) Series III: Speech/Research Material Series IV: Subject Files Series V: Audio/Video

Related Materials :  

This collection is part of the Oregon Women's Political History Collection, Special Collections & University Archives, University of Oregon Libraries.

Processing Note :  

Collection processed by Austin Pliska, 2012.

This finding aid may be updated periodically to account for new acquisitions to the collection and/or revisions in arrangement and description.


Detailed Description of the Collection

Series I:  Circuit Court, 1971-1980
Container(s)
Description
Dates
Box
Folder
1 1 Helen J. Frye - Judgeship 1971
1 2 Election File May 1972
1 3 Election Articles and Materials 1972
1 4 Voter Pamphlets November 7, 1972-May 28, 1974
1 5 C.C. Appointment Congratulations Cards
1 6 Appeal File - Volume I 1972-1975
1 7 Appeals File - Volume II 1976-1977
1 8 Appeals File - Volume III 1978-1979
1 9 Appeals File - Volume IV 1980
5 1 C.C. - Correspondence - Miscellaneous 1967?-1971
5 2 C.C. - Correspondence - Miscellaneous 1972-1974
5 3 C.C. - Correspondence - Miscellaneous 1975
5 4 C.C. - Correspondence - Miscellaneous 1976
5 5 C.C. - Correspondence - Miscellaneous 1977
5 6 C.C. - Correspondence - Miscellaneous 1978
5 7 C.C. - Correspondence - Miscellaneous 1979
11 1 (Reel Film) News clip of swearing in for circuit judge 1971

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Series II:  District Court, 1980-2011
Container(s)
Description
Dates
Box
Folder
1 10 Crank Correspondence 1980-2000
1 11 Crank Correspondence 2001
1 12 Correspondence 1980
1 13 Correspondence 1981
1 14 Correspondence 1982
2 1 Correspondence 1983
2 2 Correspondence 1984
2 3 Correspondence 1985
2 4 Correspondence 1986
2 5 Correspondence 1987
2 6 Correspondence Misc. Offical Type 1988
2 7 Correspondence Misc. Offical Type 1989
2 8 Correspondence Misc. Offical Type 1990-1991
2 9 Correspondence Misc. Offical Type 1992
2 10 Correspondence Misc. Offical Type 1993
2 11 Correspondence Misc. Offical Type 1994
2 12 Correspondence Misc. Offical Type 1995-1996
3 1 Correspondence Misc. Offical Type 1997-1999
3 2 Correspondence Misc. Offical Type 2000-2011
3 3 Appelate Decisions 1980-1982
3 4 D.C. Opinions - Robin McCoog, Ackerley Communications, Penwell et al., Industrial Indemnity Co.
3 5 D.C. Opinions - Hells Canyon Guide Service, Graham Tewksbury, Anna Penk, Wilma Hein, Park 'N Fly
5 8 Correspondence - Recommendation Letters to President Carter for District Court Appointment 1979
5 9 Correspondence - Congratulation Letters for District Court Appointment 1980
5 10 District Court Appointment/Oath Acceptance Speech 1980
5 11 Jury Instruction Index and Standard Instructions (Civil)
5 12 Jury Instructions (Civil) Vol. I 1985-1986
5 13 Jury Instructions (Civil) Vol. I 1987
5 14 Jury Instructions (Civil) Vol. II 1988
5 15 Jury Instructions (Civil) Vol. II 1988-1989
5 16 Jury Instructions (Civil) Vol. III 1989-1990
5 17 Jury Instructions (Civil) Vol. III 1991
5 18 Jury Instructions (Civil) Vol. III 1992
5 19 Jury Instructions (Civil) Vol. IV 1993-1994
5 20 Jury Instructions (Civil) Vol. IV 1994-1995
5 21 Jury Instructions (Civil) Vol. IV 1996-1997
5 22 Jury Instructions (Civil) Vol. V 1998-1999
5 23 Jury Instructions (Civil) Vol. V 1999-2001
5 24 Jury Instruction Index and Standard Instructions (Criminal)
5 25 Jury Instructions (Criminal) Vol. I 1986
5 26 Jury Instructions (Criminal) Vol. II 1987
6 1 Jury Instructions (Criminal) Vol. II 1988
6 2 Jury Insrtuctions (Criminal) Vol. II 1989
6 3 Juey Instructions (Criminal) Vol. III 1989-1990
6 4 JuryIinstructions (Criminal) Vol. III 1990
6 5 Jury Insrtuctions (Criminal) Vol. IV 1991
6 6 Jury Instructions (Criminal) Vol. IV 1992
6 7 Jury Instructions (Criminal) Vol. V 1992-1993
6 8 Jury Instructions (Criminal) Vol. V 1993-1994
6 9 Jury Instructions (Criminal) Vol. IV 1995
6 10 Jury Insrtuctions (Criminal) Vol. IV 1996
6 11 Jury Insrtuctions (Criminal) Vol. IV 1997
6 12 Jury Instructions (Criminal) Vol. IV 1998-1999
6 13 Jury Instructions (Criminal) Vol. VII 200-2002
6 14 Appeals Decision Index 1980-1997
6 15 Appellate Decisions 1983
6 16 Appellate Decisions 1984
6 17 Appellate Decisions 1985
6 18 Appellate Decisions 1986
6 19 Appellate Decisions 1987
6 20 Appellate Decisions 1987
6 21 Appellate Decisions 1988
6 22 Appellate Decisions 1988
6 23 Appellate Decisions 1988
7 1 Appellate Decisions 1989
7 2 Appellate Decisions 189
7 3 Appellate Decisions 1989
7 4 Appellate Decisions 1990
7 5 Appellate Decisions 1990
7 6 Appellate Decisions 1990
7 7 Appellate Decisions 1991
7 8 Appellate Decisions 1991
7 9 Appellate Decisions 1992
7 10 Appellate Decisions 1992
7 11 Appellate Decisions 1993
7 12 Appellate Decisions 1993
7 13 Appellate Decisions 1994
7 14 Appellate Decisions 1994
7 15 Appellate Decisions 1995
7 16 Appellate Decisions 1995
7 17 Appellate Decisions 1996
7 18 Appellate Decisions 1996
7 19 Appellate Decisions 1997
7 20 Appellate Decisions 1997
7 21 Appellate Decisions 1998
7 22 Appellate Decisions 1999
7 23 Appellate Decisions 2000
7 24 Appellate Decisions 2001
7 25 Appellate Decisions 2002
7 26 Appellate Decisions 2003
7 27 Appellate Decisions 2004
7 28 Appellate Decisions 2005
8 1 D.C. Opinions - Codes for Cases From 1988-2005
8 2 D.C. Opinions - Oregon Steel Mills
8 3 D.C. Opinions - Interstate Fire and Casulty Co.
8 4 D.C. Opinions - Valdez-Pacheco, Miguel
8 5 D.C. Opinions - Longaria, David Moses
8 6 D.C. Opinions - Madrid, Noel
8 7 D.C. Opinions - Flattum, Gordan
8 8 D.C. Opinions - Kyllo, Danny
8 9 D.C. Opinions - Anne Badgley
8 10 D.C. Opinions - Laerdal Manufacturing
8 11 D.C. Opinions - Robert Skipper
8 12 D.C. Opinions - Hampton Tree Farms
8 13 D.C. Opinions - 1000 Friends of Oregon
8 14 D.C. Opinions - Time Savers Inc.
8 15 D.C. Opinions - The Klamath Tribe
8 16 D.C. Opinions - Lake Oswego School District
8 17 D.C. Opinions - OEC and The Sierra Club
8 18 D.C. Opinions - Burt and Gordon
8 19 D.C. Opinions - Dee Grubbs
8 20 D.C. Opinions - PGE
8 21 D.C. Opinions - PGE
8 22 D.C. Opinions - ACandS Inc.
8 23 D.C. Opinions - Timer Falling Consultants
8 24 D.C. Opinions - Western Land Exchange
8 25 D.C. Opinions - Hall Co.
8 26 D.C. Opinions - Hall Co.
8 27 D.C. Opinions - Pacific Maritime Association
8 28 D.C. Opinions - Nez Perce Tribe
8 29 D.C. Opinions - UPS General Services
8 30 D.C. Opinions - UPS General Services
8 31 D.C. Opinions - Hewlett-Packard
8 32 D.C. Opinions - Ronald and Donald Rivers
8 33 D.C. Opinions - Rajneeshpuram
8 34 D.C. Opinions - Robert Sarkisian, Joseph Ponzoha
8 35 D.C. Opinions - National Gypsum Company, Wilma Hein
9 1 D.C. Opinions - Udetermined quanitites of articles of food…
9 2 D.C. Opinions - Wayne C. Rembold
9 3 D.C. Opinions - West Park Associates
9 4 D.C. Opinions - Elise Miller, Southern Oregon Citizens Against Toxic Sprays
9 5 D.C. Opinions - Nike International, Hustler Magazine
9 6 D.C. Opinions - Portland Feminist Women's Health Center
9 7 D.C. Opinions - Portland Feminist Women's Health Center
9 8 D.C. Opinions - Penny Harrington
9 9 D.C. Opinions - Brown's Insdustries
9 10 D.C. Opinions - Portland Audubon Society
9 11 D.C. Opinions - Portland Audubon Society
9 12 D.C. Opinions - Interstate Production Credit Association
9 13 D.C. Opinions - State Board of Education
9 14 D.C. Opinions - Chadsey, Herbert Johnson, Gladys Dyer, The Jeanery, Ackerley Communications
9 15 D.C. Opinions - ZMI Corporation, Oregon State Board of Education
9 16 D.C. Opinions - Kerr Center Parents Association, J.K. Lilwellyn
9 17 D.C. Opinions - Burns Bros.,PGE, The Sierra Club
9 18 D.C. Opinions - Sher Medical Corp, Gordon Pavelson, The Libetarian Part of Oregon
9 19 D.C. Opinions - Oil Hut Institute, Sandra Jean Smith and Multnomah County
9 20 D.C. Opinions - Melridge Inc.
9 21 D.C. Opinions - Melridge Inc.
9 22 D.C. Opinions - Melridge Inc.
9 23 D.C. Opinions - Yamhill Yamaha Inc.
9 24 D.C. Opinions - Stephanie Forsberg, Annette Stomps
9 25 D.C. Opinions - Neal Rendleman, Publisher's Paper Co.
9 26 D.C. Opinions - Margaret Heckler, Lea Lakeside, Lonnie Nettles, People'e National Bank of Washington
9 27 D.C. Opinions - First Interstate Bank of Oregon
9 28 D.C. Opinions - American Casualty Co.
10 1 D.C. Opinions - Western Helicopters, Inc.
10 2 D.C. Opinions - Grubb and Ellis Co.
10 3 D.C. Opinions - Niren, Swami Prem
10 4 D.C. Opinions - Carmona-Arroyave et al.
10 5 D.C. Opinions - Bascue, Ronald Norman
10 6 D.C. Opinions - Edmonds, Geoffrey
10 7 D.C. Opinions - Shabazz, Shakur
10 8 D.C. Opinions - Nedra Bagley, Oscar Kennard, William Sizemore
10 9 D.C. Opinions - Austin and Mary Lentz, Kenneth Moses Hawk, Marjorie Vance
10 10 D.C. Opinions - The Confederated Tribes of the Warm Springs Reservation of Oregon
10 11 D.C. Opinions - Northwest Environmental Defense Center, Marilyn Medberry, Paramount Helicopters Inc.
10 12 D.C. Opinions - Rajneesh
10 13 D.C. Opinions - Miscellaneous 1983-1984
10 14 D.C. Opinions - Miscellaneous 1985
10 15 D.C. Opinions - Miscellaneous 1986
10 16 D.C. Opinions - Miscellaneous 1987
10 17 D.C. Opinions - Miscellaneous 1988
10 18 D.C. Opinions - Miscellaneous 1989
10 19 D.C. Opinions - Miscellaneous 1990
10 20 D.C. Opinions - Miscellaneous 1991
10 21 D.C. Opinions - Miscellaneous 1992
10 22 D.C. Opinions - Miscellaneous 1993
10 23 D.C. Opinions - Miscellaneous 1994
10 24 D.C. Opinions - Miscellaneous 1995
10 25 D.C. Opinions - Miscellaneous 1996-1997
10 26 D.C. Opinions - Miscellaneous 1998
10 27 D.C. Opinions - Miscellaneous 1999-2000
10 28 D.C. Opinions - Miscellaneous 2001-2002
10 29 D.C. Opinions - Miscellaneous 2003
10 30 Anna Penk - Transcript of Proceedings
10 31 Anna Penk Trial - Volume 1
10 32 Anna Penk Trial - Volume 2
10 33 Helen Frye v. Public Employes Retirement System
12 (Tube) Certificate of appointment as US District Judge for Oregon signed by Jimmy Carter

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Series III:  Speech/Research Material
Container(s)
Description
Box
Folder
3 6 Speeches
3 7 Speeches
3 8 Speech Notes - Criminal Law
3 9 Speech Material - Judges and Judging
3 10 Speech Material - Domestic Relations (Divorce, etc.)
3 11 Sex Discrimination
3 12 Women's Rights
4 1 Women's Rights
4 2 Seminars: National Endowment for the Humanitiesand American Academy of Judicial Education
4 3 Poetry
4 4 Political Philosophy
4 5 Political Philosophy
4 6 Rape
4 7 Psychology and the Law
4 8 Child Abuse
4 9 Research Materials

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Series IV:  Subject Files
Container(s)
Description
Dates
Box
Folder
4 10 Research Materials and D.C. Nomination Materials
4 11 District Court Nomination Correspondence and Materials
4 12 Judical Selection Commission
4 13 Clippings
10 34 Awards and Induction
10 35 Lowry, Robert D. - Correspondence Regarding Dean Hollis + Memorial Service
10 36 Oregon Historical Society - Oral History Interview Transcript
10 37 Oregon Historical Society - Oral History Interviews and Stats
10 38 Photocopied Articles and Photos
10 39 Books/Events Recognizing Judge Frye
11 2 (Videotape) "4/6 Ceremony 10 Years with Redden, Panner, Frye" April 6, 1990
11 3 (Book) The Major Poets: English and American by Charles M. Coffin
11 4 (Book) "Selection and Confirmation of Federal Judges, Ninety-Sixth Congress…" 1979-1980
11 5 (Booklet) A History of the University of Oregon School of Law
11 6 (Book) Oregon Law Review Vol. 63, No. 4 1984
11 7 (Book) Washington Law Review Vol. 63, No. 2 April 1988

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Subjects

  • Subject Terms :
  • Judges--Oregon
  • Rajneeshees--Oregon--Rajneeshpuram
  • Religious communities--Oregon--Rajneeshpuram
  • Women educators--Oregon

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