Granville Frank Knight (1904-1982) was a physician and anti-communist activist. As a physician he specialized in nutrition and allergies; as president of the Pure Water Association of America he advocated against fluoridation of public water. Knight was an active member of the John Birch Society, serving as president of the California branch. The collection includes correspondence, speeches and writings that reflect Knight's career.
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Collection materials are in English.
Funding for encoding this finding aid was provided through a grant awarded by the National Endowment for the Humanities.
Granville Frank Knight, the son of Frank Henry and Belle (Brown) Knight, was born October 12, 1904 in New York City. On June 4, 1929, he married Dorothy Van De Water whom he later divorced. He married his second wife, Eileen Hillyer Bonner on November 1, 1947.
Knight received an A.B. degree from Dartmouth College in 1926 and an M.D. degree from the College of Physicians and Surgeons of Columbia University in 1930. From 1930 to 1932, Knight interned at Bellevue Hospital and the Presbyterian Hospital in New York City. After his internship, he practiced medicine in White Plains, New York specializing in allergies and in ear, nose, and throat disorders. In 1948, Knight moved to Santa Barbara, California and set up a practice specializing in nutrition and allergies. From 1963 to 1979, he practiced medicine in Santa Monica, California. Knight moved again in 1979 to Poway, California where he lived and worked until his death in April 1982.
Knight served as a member of the Los Angeles County Medical Commission, 1968-1979; as president of the Price-Pottenger Nutrition Foundation; and as president of the Pure Water Association of America. He was also a founding member of the California branch of the John Birch Society. Granville Knight resigned from the Council of the John Birch Society in 1961 but remained actively concerned about communist influences in America.
The Papers of Granville Frank Knight consist largely of correspondence, speeches and writings. Most of this material concerns fluoridation of public water, mental health, the John Birch Society, and anti-communism as well as Knight's theories about nutrition and allergies.
The correspondence, consisting of about 2,000 letters, memorandums, and postcards is arranged chronologically. It spans from 1920 to 1981 but, for the most part, dates between 1960 and 1975. Numerous members of the John Birch Society and the conservative movement are represented in the correspondence, including: Robert Welch, Margaret P. Wuichet, R.E. Combs, Pedro A. del Valle, and C.O. Garshwiler. Of special note are about 250 letters from West Wuichets, a member of the John Birch Society. Many of Wuichet's letters, addressed to third parties, discuss members and the activities of the John Birch Society. Letters also are included from congressmen and public figures such as Charles M. Teague, John R. Rarick, Sam I. Hayakawa, and Barry Goldwater.
The speeches and writings of Granville Knight include testimonials, speeches, articles, editorials, and reports, which were written mainly between 1950 and 1965. Knight's speeches and writings, arranged alphabetically by title, concern fluoridation of public water, anti-communism, nutrition, and other political issues and medical theories. The speeches and writings by other authors and unknown authors are similar in nature to Knight's. Those by other authors are arranged alphabetically by the authors' names, and those by unknown authors are arranged alphabetically by title. Researchers also should note that
Bats in the Belfry: The Case Against Mental Health by Ellen McClay (Vol. 1) includes a "Foreword" by Granville Frank Knight.
Photographs include two pictures of Granville Frank Knight taken in 1926 while he played in Europe with a jazz band called "The Jolly Friars." Other photographs include a picture of an anti-Kissinger banner and two illustrations for an article.
Use of the Collection
Restrictions on Access :
Collection is open to the public.
Collection must be used in Special Collections & University Archives Reading Room.
Restrictions on Use :
Property rights reside with Special Collections & University Archives, University of Oregon Libraries. Copyright resides with the creators of the documents or their heirs. All requests for permission to publish collection materials must be submitted to Special Collections & University Archives. The reader must also obtain permission of the copyright holder.
Archival material may contain materials with sensitive or confidential information that is protected under federal and/or state right to privacy laws and other regulations.
Researchers are advised that the disclosure of certain information pertaining to identifiable living individuals represented in this collection without the consent of those individuals may have legal ramifications (e.g. a cause of action for invasion of privacy may arise if facts concerning an individual's private life are published that would be deemed highly offensive to a reasonable person) for which the University of Oregon assumes no responsibility.
If a researcher finds sensitive personal information in a collection, please bring it to the attention of the reading room staff.
Preferred Citation :
[Identification of item], Granville K. Knight papers, Coll 082, Special Collections & University Archives, University of Oregon Libraries, Eugene, Oregon.
Collection is organized into the following series:
Speeches and Writings by Granville Knight
Speeches and Writings by Others
Speeches and Writings by Unknown Authors
Acquisition Information :
Gift of Granville F. Knight in 1978.
Processing Note :
Collection processed by Cynthia Crouch. Photographs processed by Megan Dazey.
This finding aid may be updated periodically to account for new acquisitions to the collection and/or revisions in arrangement and description.