Al Ullman, Democrat of Baker, Oregon, represented Oregon’s second district in the U. S. House of Representatives from 1957 to 1981. Most of his efforts focused on the development of Oregon’s water resources and the improved management of public lands and national forests. In the 1970s, he worked on tax reform, welfare reform, and national health insurance. The collection consists of correspondence, reports, legislation, published material providing background information on the issues, and other files accumulated during his twenty-four years in the U. S. House of Representatives. The collection covers all the issues which concerned Ullman and his constituents between 1957 and 1981.
Special Collections and University Archives, University of Oregon Libraries
Funding for encoding this finding aid was provided through a grant awarded by the National Endowment for the Humanities.
Al Ullman, Democrat of Baker, Oregon, represented Oregon’s second district in the U. S. House of Representatives from 1957 to 1981. He was born in Great Falls, Montana on March 9, 1914, and was raised in the Northwest. In 1935 he graduated from Whitman College in Walla Walla, Washington, in political science. He also earned a master’s degree in public law from Columbia University in 1939. Ullman was a high school teacher and a businessman in Baker before his election to Congress. He was also a veteran of World War II, having served with the Navy in the South Pacific.
Ullman was first elected to Congress in 1956, defeating incumbent Sam Coon largely on the issue concerning Hells Canyon on the Snake River. It was his second try for the second district congressional seat. Once in Washington, D. C., he devoted major attention to the development of Oregon’s water resources and the improved management of public lands and national forests. He served on the Interior and Insular Affairs Committee and was a member of the National Outdoor Recreation Resources Review Commission.
In 1961, Congressman Ullman was elected to the important Ways and Means Committee. In 1973, while serving as acting chairman in the absence of Representative Wilbur Mills, he led the committee in developing the Trade Reform Act of 1973 and guided other legislative efforts in the areas of tax reform, welfare reform, and national health insurance. He became chairman in 1975.
Ullman was also considered a leader throughout Congress in the effort to reform budgetary procedures. In 1973, he initiated and later co-chaired the Joint Study Committee on Budget Control, leading to major budget reforms. He also served as chairman of the new House Budget Committee in 1974.
In addition, during his tenure in Congress, Ullman served on the Judiciary Committee, the Democratic Committee on Committees, the Joint Committee on Internal Revenue Taxation, and many other joint committees and commissions.
Congressman Ullman was defeated in his bid for re-election for his thirteenth term in 1980, though he remained active in Washington, D. C. until his death in 1986.
The Al Ullman Papers contain correspondence, reports, legislation, published material providing background information on the issues, and other files accumulated during his twenty-four years in the U. S. House of Representatives. The collection covers all the issues which concerned Ullman and his constituents between 1957 and 1981.
The Ullman Papers came to the University of Oregon in 1981 from the Federal Records Center in Washington, D. C., where they had been in storage. The increments that were sent to the Records Center were reassembled to create the file that would have existed had all the records remained in Ullman’s office. Thus the files, as near as possible, are arranged chronologically within each heading. The headings differ, however, because a new filing system was adopted in 1969. As a result, materials that were filed under one heading between 1957 and 1968, are found under a different, more specific, heading after that period. A researcher interested in a particular subject may need to consult several files to be certain of finding everything relating to the topic.
The Papers are organized into eight series, each also described separately in the box by box inventory. Series I covers material from 1957 through 1968 and consists of general subject files. The inventory lists the types of materials included under each heading as well as specific topics that are covered. An office index to this series can be found in Box 1.
Series II through IV contain files generated between 1969 and 1980, inclusive. This begins the new filing system so that although this material is also filed according to subject, the headings are more specific; that is, naming the departments (Series II), agencies (Series III), and House Committees (Series IV). For example, material files under Natural Resources in Series I are included under the Department of the Interior in Series II. Series V through Series VII cover the entire twenty-four years of Ullman’s career and contain specific material relating to individual bills (primarily those introduced by Ullman, Series V), Oregon projects and affairs (Series VI), and publicity and scheduling (Series VII). Series VIII, contains carbons of Ullman’s outgoing correspondence, referred to as “whites.” These can also be used as a cross-reference index to the correspondence in the files arranged by subject, as notations of other file headings appear in the upper right-hand corner of the “white.” Series IX contains several hundred images, primarily official portraits and scenes of Ullman representing his constituents, 1957 to 1981.
Individual case files have been disposed of in accordance with Mr. Ullman’s wishes.
Use of the Collection
Restrictions on Access :
Collection is open to the public.
Collection must be used in Special Collections & University Archives Reading Room.
Collection or parts of collection may be stored offsite. Please contact Special Collections & University Archives in advance of your visit to allow for transportation time.
Restrictions on Use :
Property rights reside with Special Collections & University Archives, University of Oregon Libraries. Copyright resides with the creators of the documents or their heirs. All requests for permission to publish collection materials must be submitted to Special Collections & University Archives. The reader must also obtain permission of the copyright holder.
Archival material may contain materials with sensitive or confidential information that is protected under federal and/or state right to privacy laws and other regulations.
Researchers are advised that the disclosure of certain information pertaining to identifiable living individuals represented in this collection without the consent of those individuals may have legal ramifications (e.g. a cause of action for invasion of privacy may arise if facts concerning an individual's private life are published that would be deemed highly offensive to a reasonable person) for which the University of Oregon assumes no responsibility.
If a researcher finds sensitive personal information in a collection, please bring it to the attention of the reading room staff.
Preferred Citation :
[Identification of item], Alfred Conrad Ullman papers, Coll 040, Special Collections & University Archives, University of Oregon Libraries, Eugene, Oregon.
Collection is organized into the following series:
Series I. Subject Files, 1957-1968
Series II. Departments, 1969-1980
Series III. Agencies, 1969-1980
Series IV. House Committees, 1969-1980
Series V. Bill File, 1957-1980
Series VI. Oregon Projects and Affairs, 1957-1980
Series VII. Publicity and Scheduling, 1957-1980
Series VIII. Whites (outgoing letters), 1957-1980
Series IX. Photographs
Acquisition Information :
Gift of Al Ullman in 1981.
Processing Note :
Collection processed by staff.
This finding aid may be updated periodically to account for new acquisitions to the collection and/or revisions in arrangement and description.
Detailed Description of the Collection
Series I: Subject Files, 1957-1968
Arranged alphabetically by subject and chronologically.
Applications for armed forces academies. Includes application forms, correspondence, letters of recommendation, and follow-up grade reports.
Congressional office housekeeping files. Includes personnel applications, supply requisitions, form letters, and administrative assistant’s correspondence.
Correspondence, legislation, and background material. Includes files on individual commodities, USDA, Farmer’s Home Administration, Forest Service, farm programs such as crop insurance, and farm bills, including those introduced by Ullman.
Correspondence, legislation, and background material. Includes files on federal appropriations, agricultural appropriations, budget, HEW, labor, interior, and public works.
Area Redevelopment Administration
Correspondence, reports, and background material. Files on individual Oregon counties, not every county included.
Associations and Committees
Correspondence, largely Ways and Means Committee pressure mail. Also includes files on congressional committee assignments, such as tariffs, taxes, and medical care.
Correspondence, reports, and background material. Includes general use files, files on development and use, and material relating to nuclear bomb tests.
Correspondence and reports. Includes files on airports and airways (establishment construction, maintenance), specifically John Day airport, Pendleton airport runway, and Portland airways; passenger and freight traffic; air safety rules and regulation; and West Coast “use it or lose it” investigation.
Correspondence, petitions, and legislation mainly relating to consumption of alcoholic beverages aboard aircraft and advertising and labeling of alcoholic beverages.
Correspondence. Includes files on discrimination, segregation, human rights, the equal rights amendment, and the civil rights act.
Correspondence and reports. Includes files on examinations and standards, investigations, separations, and personnel activities.
Correspondence and tearsheets from the
Congressional Record. Also includes files on the
Congressional Directory, Library of Congress, congressional calendar, and two notebooks on congressional committees.
Correspondence and reports. Includes files on juvenile delinquency and police procedures.
Correspondence and reports. Includes files on emergency relief, floods, and drought.
Economic Development Administration
Correspondence, reports and general files on Oregon projects.
Correspondence and background material. Includes files on business recession, industry, inflation, cost of living, monopolies, economic indicators, and false advertising.
Correspondence relating to the growth of community colleges, federal aid to education, science and research, libraries, education TV, and the National Science Foundation.
Correspondence. Includes files on the executive branch; the legislative and judicial branches; lands, buildings, and ground; buildings; and statehood.
Correspondence, reports and background material. Includes files on banking and currency, public debt-spending, international finance, budget bill, and balance of payments. See also, Economics.
Correspondence and reports. Includes files on foreign policy, foreign aid, treaties and peace pacts, United Nations, war claims (Vietnam), exchange programs, Middle East, Latin America and Cuba, and Far East.
Health and Welfare
Correspondence. Includes files on community health and sanitation, diseases and conditions, rehabilitation programs, water systems and water supply, drugs – labeling, public welfare, and poverty programs, such as Vista and Job Corps. More specific topics are the “A” canal in Klamath Falls, Hoxey cancer treatments, and Klamath algae.
Correspondence and background material. Includes files on construction, financing – Federal Housing Administration, public housing, slum clearance – urban renewal, and housing for the aged.
Correspondence files relating to citizenship, passports-visas, refugees-quotas, Immigration Act Revision, and deportation.
Correspondence regarding the Umatilla Reservation, Klamath Reservation, Warm Springs Reservation, and Burns – Piaute. Also files on bills and reports, fishing rights, and the 1957 Klamath electors rolls.
Correspondence and background material. Includes files on federal institutions (corrections, health and mental health), state institutions, and private institutions.
Insurance and Retirement
Correspondence. Federal government files on insurance, retirement and annuities, railroad retirement, and workmen’s compensation. Also files on state and government insurance and retirement and private industrial insurance.
Correspondence regarding patents, copyrights, and trademarks.
Correspondence. Includes files on conditions, strikes, unions, the Landrum-Griffin Labor Reform Bill, employment of the aged (Ullman’s bill), fair labor standards, and farm labor.
Correspondence. Includes files on acquisition-disposal; classification-appraisals-valuation; conservation and protection; and land management and range administration. See also, Natural Resources, and Parks and Forests.
Correspondence and reports. Includes files on claims-litigations, decisions-opinions-interpretations, regulations, and court procedure and sentencing.
Correspondence and legislation. Includes Ullman bills and responses and testimony by House members. See also, Series V.
Lists and published directories. Includes files on periodic reports, mailing list-newsletter, Christmas list, and second district Oregonians.
Correspondence. Includes files on classes, rates, commemorative stamps, transportation of mail, weight-size limitations, and restrictions.
Correspondence and background material on ports-harbors-shipyards-docks and ships-shipping.
Correspondence, schedules, calendars, and background material. Includes files on invitations- declined, accepted, and tentative; Brookings Institute; and meetings between parties other than the Representative.
Correspondence and background material on international, national, and state memorials, as well as holidays.
Two files of correspondence.
One file of correspondence and background material.
Correspondence and reports. Includes files on pay and allowances, officer commissions-ROTC, reservations (forts, camps, etc.), reserves and National Guard (including army, navy, air force, and marines), separations-discharges, USO-special services entertainment, weapons-fire arms (including gun control debate), surplus property, national defense, civil defense, and security.
Correspondence, reports, and background material. Includes general files on fish and wildlife, fuels, irrigation and reclamation (Bureau of Reclamation), minerals-mines-mining, Rural Electrification Administration, public works, soil conservation, water resources – watersheds, flood control, and geo-thermal dynamics. Specific projects include Arlington Relocation,
1962 Baker project, Columbia Basin reports, the Dalles Ship Channel, Hells Canyon (
1956-1960, Boxes 41-43), High Mountain Sheep Dam, John Day Dam, Oregon-California Intertie, and Wapinitia Project. See also, Series VI.
Parks and Forests
Correspondence, reports, and background material. Federal files break down into wilderness areas, recreational development (including the Outdoor Recreation Resources Review Commission,
1960), reservations, national forests, national parks, and research programs. Also included are files on state parks and forests, timber-lumber products industry, and forest revenues.
Correspondence, reports, and background material, campaign literature, and press clippings. Includes files on Ullman’s political campaigns in
1956, commendations-endorsements, Democratic National Committee, political records (including Ullman’s political record and Wayne Morse’s record,
1955-1956, Box 55), Oregon delegation, elections in Oregon, and national elections.
Correspondence. Includes both general and specific files on rural carriers-rural routes, postmasters, and post offices-buildings.
Correspondence, literature, and press releases. Includes files of anonymous crank letters, biographical sketches, commendations and greetings (such as condolences, congratulation letters, and thank you letters), complaints-criticisms, endorsements-introductions, fairs-expositions-ceremonies, photographs, publicity (such as press releases and clippings), reports to constituents, requests for material, polls-questionnaires, and information on office visitors.
Photographs have been removed to the Photograph Collection.
Correspondence, reports and background material. Includes files on facilities, sports-sporting events, recreation areas (some specific), Land and Water Conservation Act, and meetings of the Outdoor Recreation Resources Review Commission,
Correspondence relating to prayer and Bible reading.
Includes various reports, correspondence, and a guest register for
Correspondence, maps, reports, and background material. Includes files on federal roads, broken down into safety, specific highways, timber access roads, and trails; and state roads.
Correspondence and reports. Includes files on federal employees (classified workers, congressional-judicial employees, postal employees), state employees (teachers), and minimum wages.
Science and Aeronautics
Three folders of correspondence and reports relating to space and oceanography.
Correspondence. Many files on the deferment policy; also university military training.
Correspondence, reports, and background material. Files mainly on small business loans.
Correspondence, legislation and background material. Includes files on benefits-annuities-eligibility, Ullman’s bills HR 12986 and HR 12987. Medicare, disability, and Title 19.
Correspondence, promotional material, and reports concerning Oregon.
Correspondence, legislation, and reports. Includes files on federal taxes (federal excise, federal income, UNICEF tax exemption, highway users, aviation users, personal income tax exemption, tax exempt municipal bonds), state taxes, Revenue Act of 192, timber tax-
1963 tax bill,
1968 tax bill, and Ways and Means Committee work.
One folder of copies of telegrams.
Correspondence, reports, and legislation. Includes files on imports-exports, tariffs-trade agreements, trade bills HR 9900 and HR 11970, and fair trade-anti-trust.
Correspondence. Includes files on Communism-left, John Birch, etc.-right, and House Committee.
Correspondence, reports, petitions, and background material. Includes files on communications-telephone, radio, TV, cable, telegraph and transportation (motor carriers, rail carriers, water carriers, and automobile safety features).
Correspondence and background material. Includes files on medicine and surgery, insurance, education-schooling, loans-housing, and annuities-pensions-disability allowances.
Arranged alphabetically by name of department and chronologically. Most often includes correspondence, reports, and background material. Specific subjects are sometimes mentioned.
Includes forestry, farm prices, and Tussock moth spraying.
Includes economic development.
Includes information on the Boardman bombing range (Boxes 97-98).
Includes geothermal legislation, Bonneville Power Administration, natural gas deregulation, gasoline allocation, and wood stove tax credit.
Health, Education, and Welfare
Includes the separate departments of Education, 1980 and Health and Human Services, 1980.
Housing and Urban Development
Specific issues include Hells Canyon (Boxes 115-116), Eastern Oregon (Box 116), wild and scenic rivers (Box 116), Klamath Indian affairs (Box 116), RARE II (Roadless Area Review and Evaluation, Box 117), and Reclamation Reform Act of 1979 (Box 118).
Includes information on Nixon pardon, aliens, gun control, and poll closings.
Arranged alphabetically by name of agency and chronologically. Includes independent agencies as well as federal, congressional, presidential, and judicial agencies. Files may contain correspondence, reports, and/or background material.
Major subject headings within years are: taxes, social security, Medicare, trade, and welfare. Other headings include revenue sharing, committee on committees, Democratic caucus, pensions, unemployment compensation, small bills, health, energy taxes, tax reform, new economic package, member correspondence, and economics.
Ways and Means Committee
Material is from Ullman’s personal file, and relates more to legislation than constituent relations. Subjects include: welfare reform, unemployment compensation, REACH program, WIN, subcommittee material, tax exempt lobbying, value added tax, municipal bonds, Humphrey-Hawkins, energy, health insurance, federal campaign financing, and tax reform.