The first course in range management at Oregon State, Range and Pasture Botany, was offered by the Botany Department in 1917. Additional courses were offered by the Farm Crops and Animal Husbandry Departments during the 1930s. In 1949, C.E. Poulton was hired to develop a 4-year undergraduate curriculum in range management; Poulton had a joint appointment in the Departments of Farm Crops and Animal Husbandry. In 1971, the rangeland curriculum was reorganized as the Rangeland Resources Program within the Department of Animal Science. The Department of Rangeland Resources was established 10 years later in 1981; in about 2007, it was re-named the Department of Rangeland Ecology and Management. The former Animal Sciences and Rangeland Ecology and Management Departments were merged in 2012 to form the new Animal and Rangeland Sciences Department.
E. William (Bill) Anderson earned his MS in range management and animal husbandry from Oregon State College in 1940. After serving in World War II, Anderson worked for the Soil Conservation Service and became the state range conservationist for Oregon. He taught senior seminars at Oregon State on coordinated resource management planning. Anderson was born on July 26, 1914 and died on March 3, 2011.
The Squaw Butte Range Livestock Station was established by the U.S. Department of Agriculture in 1935. It was merged with the Harney Branch Station in 1944 to form the Squaw Butte Harney Range and Livestock Experiment Station, which was renamed the Squaw Butte Experiment Station in 1954. The Squaw Butte and Eastern Oregon Experiment Stations were combined in 1974 to form the Eastern Oregon Agricultural Research Center.
The Rangeland Resources Department Maps consist of materials created and assembled by Rangeland Resources faculty and alumni documenting range type surveys and studies in the Lower Powder River basin, Vale District, and Squaw Butte Experimental Range in eastern Oregon. The collection includes detailed range type maps of the Keating Soil Conservation District on the Lower Powder River in Baker County; these maps also include a land ownership overlay and tabulated acreages of different range types, cultivated land, and pasture as well as grazing capacity. These were prepared by E. William (Bill) Anderson of the Soil Conservation Service. One map of range types in the Vale District in eastern Oregon is also part of the collection. Materials created for range studies conducted in the 1930s and 1960s of the Squaw Butte Experiment Range in southeastern Oregon comprise a portion of the collection. Charles E. Poulton was involved in the 1960s studies.
The collection includes maps prepared by the Soil Conservation Service, Bureau of Land Management, U.S. Geological Survey, and Division of Grazing within the Department of Interior. In addition to maps, the collection includes two aerial photographs.
Restrictions on Access :
Collection is open for research.Preferred Citation :
Rangeland Resources Department Maps (MAPS Rangeland), Oregon State University Special Collections & Archives Research Center, Corvallis, Oregon.
The Rangeland Resources Department Maps are arranged in 3 series: I. Range Surveys for the Keating Soil Conservation District, Lower Powder River, Baker County, 1940-1941; II. Vale District, circa 1965; and III. Squaw Butte Experimental Range and Squaw Butte Ranch, 1936-1937.
Acquisition Information :
These maps were transferred to the Special Collections & Archives Research Center in 2013 from materials housed by the former the Rangeland Resources Department.Related Materials :
Additional materials pertaining to the Squaw Butte Experimental Range are available in the Experiment Station Records (RG 025). The Rangeland Resources Department Photographs (P 288) document ranges and rangeland research in Oregon. The College of Agricultural Sciences Records (RG 158) include materials that document rangeland resources research and academic programs at Oregon State. The Experiment Station (RG 025) and Extension Service (RG 111) Records also provide additional information about the Rangeland Resources Department. The E.R. Jackman Papers and Photographs (P 089) include extensive documentation of rangeland issues in Oregon.
Detailed Description of the Collection
Series I: Range Surveys for the Keating Soil Conservation District, Lower Powder River, Baker County, 1940-1941
Series I consists of range surveys of townships within the Keating Soil Conservation District of the Lower Powder River Grazing District #6 prepared by E. William (Bill) Anderson of the Soil Conservation Service. The surveys consist of 2 large-scale maps for each of the 15 townships in the area extending from Township 8 South to 10 South and Range 40 East to 44 East. One map of the pair is hand-colored and depicts range types; the second map is a land ownership overlay and indicates which lands are federal, state, or county property as well as individual and corporate land owners. The scale of the maps is 1 inch = 0.25 mile or 1:15,840. In addition to the maps, the series includes 68 summary sheets with tabulated acreages of different range types, cultivated land, and pasture as well as grazing capacity. Summary sheets are included for each township; two sheets include compilations of acreages for all of the townships surveyed.
Series II consists of a 1962 base map of the southern half of the Bureau of Land Management Vale District that has been annotated with range types and hand-colored. The map scale is 1 inch = 2 miles or 1:125,000. The map covers the area of Townships 27 South to 41 South and Ranges 36 East to 46 East.
Series III consists of range type maps prepared in the 1930s as well as range studies completed in the mid-1960s. The series includes maps and 2 aerial photographs. Several of the maps from the mid-1960s study are stamped with the name of Charles E. Poulton.