Guide to the Charles E. and Viola L. Smith Papers
1909-1973

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Overview of the Collection

Creator: Smith, Charles E. (Charles Eugene)Smith, Viola L.
Title: Charles E. and Viola L. Smith papers
Dates: 1909-1973 ( inclusive )
Quantity: 9.5 linear feet (9 containers)
Collection Number: Ax 437
Summary: Charles E. and Viola L. Smith were Christian missionaries in Africa. The collection includes correspondence, diaries and publications that reflect their work as missionaries.
Repository: Special Collections and University Archives, University of Oregon Libraries

1299 University of Oregon
Eugene, Oregon, 97403-1299
(541) 346-3068
spcarref@uoregon.edu

Languages: Collection materials are in English. 
Sponsor: Funding for encoding this finding aid was provided through a grant awarded by the National Endowment for the Humanities.

Historical Note

Charles Eugene Smith was born in Franklin County, Iowa, and educated at Iowa State College, Ames. He attended the Kennedy School of Missions, and was ordained in 1922. That year he and his wife went to Belgium, and in 1923 to the Congo as missionaries with the Congo Mission, American Baptist Foreign Mission Society, out of Leopoldville. In addition to his evangelistic work, he introduced agricultural education among the Congolese, particularly at the Kikongo Mission station. He formulated principles and programs for rural missionary service, wrote an agricultural text for native use, and played a major part in the location and establishment of mission stations at Nsona Mpangu, Moanza, Kikongo, and Boko.

Mrs. Viola Leora (Ziegler) Smith was born in Syracuse, New York, and attended the Kennedy School of Missions. She earned a diploma from the School of Tropical Medicine, Brussels, and with her husband worked as a general missionary, with special attention to educational and medical work, and work with women and children. She wrote Diatunga va Tadi (n.p., 1966), a history of the Congo Baptist missions, for the Congolese.

Content Description

The papers are arranged in six groups: personal papers, administrative papers, records of the Conseil Protestant du Congo, historical files, periodicals and books. The personal papers include diaries, especially for the early years of the Smiths’ mission work, and the location of mission stations. There is personal correspondence with executives of the American Baptist Foreign Mission Society. The major personal letter file is correspondence with the Reverend Ben Armstrong and his wife, Rhoda, 1926-1962, mainly from Leopoldville and Kikongo. This series describes in great detail the personal and professional problems of a missionary. A series of mimeographed missionary letters, most of them 1958-1967, describes the problems of missions during political upheavals in the Congo.

The administrative papers include Congo Mission reports, minutes, official correspondence, and documents. The administrative file on the Kikongo Mission is particularly complete, as is the correspondence concerning proposed agricultural programs and rural missionary work. The historical file, assembled by Viola L. Smith, represents material gathered for the writing of her mission history.

Books in the collection consist of monographs and pamphlets on Africa and missions, Kikongo dictionaries, grammars and phrase books, and books on Kikongo (Fioti) and other African languages. Major dictionaries are by W. Holman Bentley, Giacinto Brusciotto, Rene Butaye, Karl E. Laman, and Pierre Swartenbroeckx. Kikongo language books include editions of the Bible, The Pilgrim’s Progress, songbooks, and several books for children. There are also histories of missions and missionaries and of the Protestant church in Africa.

Use of the Collection

Restrictions on Access :  

Collection is open to the public.

Collection must be used in Special Collections & University Archives Reading Room.

Restrictions on Use :  

Property rights reside with Special Collections & University Archives, University of Oregon Libraries. Copyright resides with the creators of the documents or their heirs. All requests for permission to publish collection materials must be submitted to Special Collections & University Archives. The reader must also obtain permission of the copyright holder.

Archival may contain materials with sensitive or confidential information that is protected under federal and/or state right to privacy laws and other regulations.

Researchers are advised that the disclosure of certain information pertaining to identifiable living individuals represented in this collection without the consent of those individuals may have legal ramifications (e.g. a cause of action for invasion of privacy may arise if facts concerning an individual's private life are published that would be deemed highly offensive to a reasonable person) for which the University of Oregon assumes no responsibility.

If a researcher finds sensitive personal information in a collection, please bring it to the attention of the reading room staff.

Preferred Citation :  

[Identification of item], Charles E. and Viola L. Smith Papers, Ax 437, Special Collections & University Archives, University of Oregon Libraries, Eugene, Or.

Administrative Information

Arrangement :

Collection is organized into the following series:

  • Series: Diaries
  • Series: Correspondence
  • Series: Manuscripts
  • Series: Administrative Papers
  • Series: Historical Data
  • Series: Publications

Acquisition Information :  

Gift of Charles and Viola Smith.

Processing Note :  

Collection processed by Phil Zorich, Manuscripts Processor.

This finding aid may be updated periodically to account for new acquisitions to the collection and/or revisions in arrangement and description.


Detailed Description of the Collection

Series:  Diaries
Container(s)
Description
Dates
Box
Folder
1 1 Viola L. Smith Diaries 1922-1924 1928 1937-1956
1 2 Diaries (empty)
1 3 Jottings V. 1, No. 2-10 1924-1925
1 4 Diaries 1924 1928 1929

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Series:  Correspondence
Container(s)
Description
Dates
Box
Folder
1 5 Letters sent 1922-1925
1 6 Letters sent 1926-1929
1 7 Letters sent 1930-1933
1 8 Letters sent 1934-1937
1 9 Letters sent 1938-1941
1 10 Letters sent-mimeo 1938-1941
1 11 Letters sent 1942-1946
1 12 Letters sent - received 1947-1949
1 13 Letters Sent - received 1950
1 14 Family & General Letters & Articles 1950-1956
1 15 Mementos, C.E. Smith - Pre-Con40
1 16 Letters received. Anderson, Agnes
1 17 Letters received. Armstrong, Ben 1926-1933
1 18 Letters received. Armstrong, Ben 1934-1976
1 19 Letters received. Armstrong, Ben 1937-1938
1 20 Letters received. Armstrong, Ben 1939-1940
1 21 Letters received. Armstrong, Ben 1941-1942
1 22 Letters received. Armstrong, Ben 1943-1944
1 23 Letters received. Armstrong, Ben 1945-1946
1 24 Letters received. Armstrong, Ben 1943-1944
1 25 Letters received. Armstrong, Ben 1947-1949
1 26 Letters received. Armstrong, Ben 1950-1953
1 27 Letters received. Armstrong, Ben 1954-1958
1 28 Letters received. Armstrong, Ben 1959-1962
1 29 Letters received. Brown, Harry D.
1 30 Letters received. Brown, Arley R.
1 31 Letters received. Brown, Lewis A.
1 32 Letters received. Brown, Wesley H.
1 33 Letters received. Eldrege, Marguerite
1 34 Letters sent and received. First Baptist Church San Diego, California
1 35 Letters received. Fraser, Brainerd L.
1 36 Letters received. Hakes, Margot
1 37 Letters received. Hall, Elmer G.
1 38 Letters received. Hjertstedt, Virginia Lee
1 39 Letters received. Jump, Chester J.
2 1 Letters received Niles, Donald C.
2 2 Letters received. Shepard, Eva
2 3 Letters received. Weaver, Cecil Gerald
2 4 Letters received. Wisemen, Doris & Wisemen, Dorothy
2 5 Letters received. Miscellaneous
2 6 Letters Received; Unidentified
2 7 Letters received. Native Letters 1
2 8 Letters received. Native Letters 2
2 9 Letters received. Native Letters 3
2 10 Letters received. Native Letters 4
2 11 Letters received. Native Letters to Peter Fredericksons
2 12 Missionary Letters-Mimeograph. Abell, Norman B.
2 13 Missionary Letters-Mimeograph. Addison, Richard C.
2 14 Missionary Letters-Mimeograph. Albrecht, Madelyn
2 15 Missionary Letters-Mimeograph. Anderson, Frank O.
2 16 Missionary Letters-Mimeograph. Anderson, Vendla
2 17 Missionary Letters-Mimeograph. Bateman, Georgia; Benner, Phyllis
2 18 Missionary Letters-Mimeograph. Bollinger, Edward E.
2 19 Missionary Letters-Mimeograph. Bottemiller, Gordon L.
2 20 Missionary Letters-Mimeograph. Bonar, Mary; Brown, Arley R.
2 21 Missionary Letters-Mimeograph. Brown, Harry D.
2 22 Missionary Letters-Mimeograph. Brown Lewis A.; Brown, Merle D.
2 23 Missionary Letters-Mimeograph. Brown, Wesley H.
2 24 Missionary Letters-Mimeograph. Bubeck, Theodore E.
2 25 Missionary Letters-Mimeograph. Caswell, Don; Chapman, Charles D.
2 26 Missionary Letters-Mimeograph. Chapman, Orville R
2 27 Missionary Letters-Mimeograph. Cairns, Kenneth T.; Clark, James B., Jr.
2 28 Missionary Letters-Mimeograph. Deer, Donald S.
2 29 Missionary Letters-Mimeograph. Eldredge, Marguerite; Ellis, Donald L.
2 30 Missionary Letters-Mimeograph. Emmert, Leon
2 31 Missionary Letters-Mimeograph. Engwall, Ruth; Entwistle, Maurice S.
2 32 Missionary Letters-Mimeograph. Fett, James; Forcinelli, Joseph
2 33 Missionary Letters-Mimeograph. Ford, Annis; Fountain, Daniel E.; Fraser, Brainerd L.
2 34 Missionary Letters-Mimeograph. Hall, Elmer G.; Hendrickson, Frank
2 35 Missionary Letters-Mimeograph. Hjertstedt, Virginia L.; Huff, Charles
2 36 Missionary Letters-Mimeograph. Jorgenson, Alice; Jump, Chester J.
2 37 Missionary Letters-Mimeograph. Keith, John; Keyes, Emily L.
2 38 Missionary Letters-Mimeograph. Lindland, Petter R.
2 39 Missionary Letters-Mimeograph. McIntosh, Duncan; MacPherson, William
2 40 Missionary Letters-Mimeograph. Marshall, John A.; Metzger, Roland G.
2 41 Missionary Letters-Mimeograph. Moore, Charles; Mukoko, Isidore
2 42 Missionary Letters-Mimeograph. Marshall, John A.; Metzger, Roland G.
2 43 Missionary Letters-Mimeograph. McIntosh, Duncan; MacPherson, William
2 44 Missionary Letters-Mimeo. Lindland, Petter R.
2 45 Missionary Letters-Mimeograph. Keith, John; Keyes, Emily
2 46 Missionary Letters-Mimeograph. Jorgenson, Alice; Jump, Chester J.
2 47 Missionary Letters-Mimeograph. Hjertstedt, Virginia L.; Huff, Charles
2 48 Misisonary Letters-Mimeograph. Hjertstedt, Virginia L.; Huff, Charles
2 49 Missionary Letters-Mimeograph. Jorgenson, Alice; Jump, Chester J.
2 50 Missionary Letters-Mimeograph. Keith, John; Keyes, Emily L.
2 51 Missionary Letters-Mimeograph. Lindland, Petter R.
2 52 Missionary Letters-Mimeograph. Marshall, John A.; Metzger, Roland G.
2 53 Missionary Letters-Mimeograph. Moore, Charles; Mukoko, Isidore
2 54 Missionary Letters-Mimeograph. Nickerson, Virginia; Niles, Donald C.
2 55 Missionary Letters-Mimeograph. Osterhold, A.C.; Pearson, Robert L.; Pelham, Richard O.; Polley, Harvey L.; Preddy, Paul
2 56 Missionary Letters-Mimeograph. Riddle, Norman; Robbins, Wm.; Rumohr, John E.
2 57 Missionary Letters-Mimeograph. Saywell, Florence; Scofield, Willard A.; Sharp, Murray
2 58 Missionary Letters-Mimeograph. Shepard, Eva; Simmons, Marion; Smith, Robert E.
2 59 Missionary Letters-Mimeograph. Spinney, Elizabeth L.; Stabell, Clifford C.
2 60 Missionary Letters-Mimeograph. Stuart, Allan R.; Stuart, Charles H.
2 61 Missionary Letters-Mimeograph. Tuttle, Glen W.; Uhlinger, Philip J.; Uhlinger, Ruth
2 62 Missionary Letters-Mimeograph. Weaver, Cecil G.
2 63 Missionary Letters-Mimeograph. Wiseman, Doris; Wiseman Dorothy

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Series:  Manuscripts
Container(s)
Description
Dates
Box
Folder
2 64 Manuscripts. Articles, Speeches, Stories, etc.
2 65 Manuscripts. Rhoda Armstrong, “Reaching the Unreached”
2 66 Manuscripts. Detroit Free Press Article Controversy, 1930 1930

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Series:  Administrative papers
Container(s)
Description
Box
Folder
2 67 Administrative. ABFMS General letters
2 68 Administrative. ABFMS. Conference letters
2 69 Administrative. ABFMS. Plans and Recommendations
2 70 Administrative. ABFMS. Reports of Congo Visits
3 1 Administrative. ABFMS. Congo Mission. Catholic Palavers
3 2 Administrative. ABFMS. Congo Mission. Constitution
3 3 Administrative. ABFMS. Congo Mission. Conference Minutes
3 4 Administrative. ABFMS. Congo Mission. Conference Minutes
3 5 Administrative. ABFMS. Congo Mission. Conference correspondence
3 6 Administrative. ABFMS. Congo Mission. Native Conference Minutes, etc
3 7 Administrative. ABFMS. Congo Mission. Native Conference Minutes. Mbudani
3 8 Administrative. ABFMS. Congo Mission. Native Conference. Historical Notes
3 9 Administrative. ABFMS. Congo Mission. Secretary correspondence
3 10 Administrative. ABFMS. Congo Mission. Committees. Education Com. Reports
3 11 Administrative. ABFMS. Congo Mission. Committees. Reference Com. Minutes
3 12 Administrative. ABFMS. Congo Mission. Committees. Reference Com. correspondence
3 13 Administrative. ABFMS. Congo Mission. Ecole de Pasteurs
3 14 Administrative. ABFMS. Congo Mission. Ecole Protestante
3 15 Administrative. ABFMS. Congo Mission. Ecole de Pasteurs. Historical Notes
3 16 Administrative. ABFMS. Congo Mission. Catholic Palavers
3 17 Administrative. ABFMS. Congo Mission. Institut Medical
3 18 Administrative. ABFMS. Congo Mission. Institut Medical History
3 19 Administrative. ABFMS. Congo Mission. Congo News Letter
3 20 Administrative. ABFMS. Congo Mission. Ag. Program. Correspondence ABFMS
3 21 Administrative. ABFMS. Congo Mission. Ag. Program. Reports
3 22 Administrative. ABFMS. Congo Mission. Ag. Program. Leeons d’Agriculture
3 23 Administrative. ABFMS. Congo Mission. Ag. Program. Course Outlines
3 24 Administrative. ABFMS. Congo Mission. Ag. Program. Ntomo A Nkununu Zeto
3 25 Administrative. ABFMS. Congo Mission. Ag. Program. Programs and Projects
3 26 Administrative. ABFMS. Congo Mission. Ag. Program. Cours d’Enseignment
3 27 Administrative. ABFMS. Congo Mission. Ag. Program. Technical Material
3 28 Administrative. ABFMS. Congo Mission. Ag. Program. Agriculture in Wartime
4 1 Administrative. ABFMS. Congo Mission. Ag. Program. Correspondence-General
4 2 Administrative. ABFMS. Congo Mission. Ag. Program. Correspondence. Smith (sent)
4 3 Administrative. ABFMS. Congo Mission. Ag. Program. Correspondence. Ag. Mission, Inc
4 4 Administrative. ABFMS. Congo Mission. Ag. Program. Correspondence. Congo – State
4 5 Administrative. ABFMS. Congo Mission. Ag. Program. Correspondence Reference Com
4 6 Administrative. ABFMS. Congo Mission. Ag. Program. Correspondence. Congo Mission Soc
4 7 Administrative. ABFMS. Congo Mission. Ag. Program. Correspondence. U.S.D.A
4 8 Administrative. ABFMS. Congo Mission. Ag. Program. Agriculture Miscellany
4 9 Administrative. ABFMS. Congo Mission. Ag. Program. Clippings
4 10 Administrative. ABFMS. Congo Mission. Kikongo Station Reports
4 11 Administrative. ABFMS. Congo Mission. Kikongo Station, Special Reports
4 12 Administrative. ABFMS. Congo Mission. Kikongo Native Church
4 13 Administrative. Conseil Protestant du Congo. Directory Constitution
4 14 Administrative. Conseil Protestant du Congo. Conference Reports
4 15 Administrative. Conseil Protestant du Congo. Conference Reports
4 16 Administrative. Conseil Protestant du Congo. Circulars
4 17 Administrative. Conseil Protestant du Congo. Service d’Information

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Series:  Historical Data
Container(s)
Description
Box
Folder
4 18 Historical data. Congo – general
4 19 Historical data. Congo – general
4 20 Historical data. C.H. Harvey letters
4 21 Historical data. Early missionary letters, etc
4 22 Historical data. Native biographies
4 23 Historical data. Native customs
4 24 Historical data. Congo language
4 25 Historical data. Congo women
4 26 Historical data. Congo politics
4 27 Historical data. Miscellaneous
4 28 Historical data. Education subsidies
4 29 Historical data. Mission stations – Banza Manteke
4 30 Historical data. Mission stations – Boko
4 31 Historical data. Mission stations – Kikongo
4 32 Historical data. Mission stations – Leopoldville
4 33 Historical data. Mission stations – Matadi, Mukimvika
4 34 Historical data. Mission stations – Moanza
4 35 Historical data. Mission stations – Sona Bata
4 36 Historical data. Mission stations – Tondo
4 37 Historical data. Mission stations – Tshumbiri
4 38 Historical data. Mission stations – Vanga
5 1 Historical data. Statistics

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Series:  Publications
Container(s)
Description
Dates
Box
Folder
5 2 Periodicals. Congo Protestant Relief Society Newsletters: News Sheet
5 3 Periodicals. Universite Libre du Congo: ULC News
5 4 Periodicals. Voice of the Congolese Students of the U.S
5 5 Periodicals. Miscellany
6 Various loose publications
7 Various loose publications
8 Various loose publications
9 1 Prophet Movements – Kimbanguism
9 2 NIMEK + EPI (IPE)
9 3 Excerpts: Latourette, Slade, Guiness, Leslie in Africa. Clark Journey – BM Uhlinger
9 4 Kwilu Rebellion. Refugees: Angolan, Sudanese, Tutsi, Luba January 1964 – February 1964
9 5 1931 Revolt of Bapende and Bayaka people in the Kwango Province of Belgian Congo 1931
9 6 Smith, Charles E
9 7 Various loose publications

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Subjects

  • Personal Names :
  • Smith, Charles E. (Charles Eugene)
  • Smith, Charles E. (Charles Eugene)--Correspondence
  • Smith, Charles E. (Charles Eugene)--Diaries
  • Smith, Viola L.
  • Smith, Viola L.--Correspondence
  • Smith, Viola L.--Diaries
  • Corporate Names :
  • American Baptist Foreign Mission Society
  • American Baptist Foreign Mission Society--Records and correspondence
  • Congo Protestant Council
  • Congo Protestant Council--Records and correspondence
  • Subject Terms :
  • Baptists--Missions--Congo (Democratic Republic)
  • Missionaries--Congo (Democratic Republic)
  • Missions, American--Congo (Democratic Republic)
  • Missions--Periodicals

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