Guide to the Charles J. Doherty Papers
1917-1972

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Overview of the Collection

Creator: Doherty, Charles J., 1892-1958
Title: Charles J. Doherty Papers
Dates: 1917-1972 ( inclusive )
Quantity: 10.5 linear feet (17 archival boxes and six oversize volumes)
Collection Number: Mss 051
Summary: Charles Doherty was a newspaperman who owned and edited the Missoula County Times in Missoula, Montana.This collection contains biographical materials, correspondence files, newspaper clippings, financial and legal records, market and research reports, writings and addresses, and photographs created and collected by Doherty. Also included are records from his wife, Clara M. Doherty, and organizations (businesses and veterans' groups) to which Charles Doherty belonged.
Repository: University of Montana--Missoula
Maureen and Mike Mansfield Library
Archives and Special Collections

The University of Montana--Missoula
Missoula, MT 59812
406-243-2053
http://www.lib.umt.edu/asc
library.archives@umontana.edu

Languages: Materials are in English 
Sponsor: Funding for creating this finding aid was provided through a grant awarded by the National Historic Publications and Records Commission. Funding for encoding this finding aid was provided through a grant awarded by the National Endowment for the Humanities.

Biographical Note

Charles J. Doherty was born December 17, 1892, in Michigan, North Dakota. His father owned the Nelson County Independent. When Charles was two, his father died, and his mother began to operate the newspaper. At age fourteen, Charles began writing for the family-owned Adams Budget in North Dakota. He subsequently published weekly newspapers in that same town and Dunn Center, North Dakota.

He acquired the Winnett Times in Winnett, Montana, in 1920, and sold it in 1931. He was one of the individuals who advocated splitting Petroleum County off the eastern end of Fergus County.

In 1931, he acquired the weekly Missoula County Times, which he operated until 1958.

As an editor, Doherty commented frequently and vigorously on public issues and controversies, earning the admiration of other editors throughout Montana. The Missoula County Times often clashed with the Daily Missoulian, particularly over lucrative Missoula City/County "newspaper of record" publication contracts. He was an active participant of the Montana Press Association, and served as its president. He was also president of the Western Montana Press-Radio Club. In 1941, he ran unsuccessfully for mayor of Missoula. He married Clara Marsh in 1928; they had three children. He died May 22, 1958, in Missoula.

Content Description

This collection contains biographical materials, correspondence files, newspaper clippings, financial and legal records, market and research reports, writings and addresses, and photographs created and collected by Charles Doherty. Also included are records from Clara M. Doherty and organizations (businesses and veterans' groups) to which Charles Doherty belonged: Petroleum County Realty Company, Veterans of World War I of the U.S.A., and the American Legion. Collection materials are predominantly correspondence and clippings related to Doherty's career as a publisher/editor as well as an extensive sequence of documents from the 1927 American Legion convention in Paris (billed as the Second American Expeditionary Force). This collection provides an historical perspective on Montana's rural weekly newspaper trade during the first half of the twentieth century. Additionally, these materials document Doherty's socio-political opinions and civic activities.

Use of the Collection

Restrictions on Access :  

Researchers must use collection in accordance with the policies of Archives and Special Collections, the Maureen and Mike Mansfield Library, and The University of Montana-Missoula.

Restrictions on Use :  

Researchers are responsible for using in accordance with 17 U.S.C. and any other applicable statutes. Copyright transferred to The University of Montana.

Preferred Citation :  

[Name of document or photograph number], Charles J. Doherty Papers, Archives and Special Collections, Maureen and Mike Mansfield Library, The University of Montana-Missoula.

Administrative Information

Arrangement :

The collection is divided into twelve series:

Series I: Biographical, 2 folders, 1917-1972

Series II: Correspondence, 3.0 linear feet, 1921-1958

Series III: Clippings, 3.5 linear feet, 1926-1958

Series IV: Financial, 0.5 linear feet, 1925-1958

Series V: Legal, 4 folders, 1924-1971

Series VI: Reports, 1 folder, 1931-1955

Series VII: Speeches and Writings, 7 folders, 1932-1956

Series VIII: Photographs, 11 images, 1917-1956

Series IX: Clara M. Doherty, 5 folders, 1947-1972

Series X: Petroleum County Realty Company, 4 folders, 1922-1930

Series XI: Veterans of World War I of the U.S.A. Dept. of Montana, Missoula Barracks, 3 folders, 1957

Series XII: American Legion, 1.25 linear feet, 1917-1957

Custodial History :  

All materials remained in the possession of the Doherty family until dontation to the K. Ross Toole Archives.

Acquisition Information :  

Gift of Clara M. Doherty, 1972.

Processing Note :  

The actions of the orginal collection processors are unknown. In 2004 archives staff addressed preservation concerns and redescribed collection materials.


Detailed Description of the Collection

Series I:  Biographical, 1917-1972
2 folders

This series contains a short biography, clippings, and other documents providing biographical information on Charles Doherty and his family.

Container(s)
Description
Box/Folder
1/1 1920-1972
1/2 World War I Memorabilia, 1917-1918

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Series II:  Correspondence, 1921-1958
3.0 linear feet

This series contains Charles Doherty's correspondence files. These materials primarily concern operation of the Winnett Times and the Missoula County Times; however, some personal correspondence is also present. Among the frequent and prominent correspondents found in this series are Forrest Anderson, J. Hugo Aronson, Roy Ayers, John W. Bonner, W. E. Borah, H. H. H. Clark, Hall F. Clement, Delmar Cole, Frank Cooney, Jack and Robert Corette, Ed Craney, Joseph Dixon, Zales Ecton, H. H. Ellsworth, John Evans, James A. Farley, James Ford, Tom L. Gibson, Dorothy Johnson, Arthur Lamey, Scott Leavitt, Joseph McCarthy, Charles and Walter McLeod, Mike Mansfield, Lee Metcalf, James Murray, Gerald Nye, James O'Connor, Arnold Olsen, Wright Patman, Wellington Rankin, Miles Romney, Arthur Stone, Adrian VanKeulen, Thomas Walsh, Alexander Warden, Burton Wheeler, and numerous staff members at the National Recovery Administration in Washington, D.C.

Container(s)
Description
Box/Folder
1/3 General, 1921
1/4 General, 1922
1/5 General, 1923
1/6 "Smiling Thru", 1924
1/7 General, 1924
1/8 General, 1925
1/9 General, 1926
1/10 General, 1927
1/11 General, 1928
1/12 General, 1930
1/13 Founding of Missoula County Times, 1931
1/14 General, 1932
1/15 General, 1933
1/16 General, 1934
1/17 General, 1934
2/1 National Recovery Administration, 1934-02
2/2 National Recovery Administration, 1934-03
2/3 National Recovery Administration, 1934-04
2/4 National Recovery Administration, 1934-05
2/5 National Recovery Administration, 1934-06
2/6 National Recovery Administration, 1934-07
2/7 National Recovery Administration, 1934-08
2/8 National Recovery Administration, 1934-09
2/9 National Recovery Administration, 1934-10
2/10 National Recovery Administration, 1934-11
2/11 National Recovery Administration, 1934-12
2/12 General, 1935
2/13 National Recovery Administration, 1935
2/14 General, 1936
2/15 General, 1936
3/1 General, 1937
3/2 General, 1938
3/3 General, 1939
3/4 Against the War, 1940
3/5 Tenth Anniversary Issue, 1940
3/6 General, 1940
3/7 General, 1941
3/8 General, 1942
3/9 General, 1943
4/1 General, 1944
4/2 General, 1944
4/3 General, 1945
4/4 General, 1946
4/5 General, 1947
4/6 General, 1948
4/7 General, 1949
4/8 General, 1950
5/1 General, 1951
5/2 General, 1951
5/3 Aronson for Governor Club, 1952
5/4 Office of Price Stabilization, 1952
5/5 General, 1952
5/6 General, 1952
5/7 General, 1953
5/8 General, 1953
6/1 General, 1954
6/2 General, 1955
6/3 General, 1955
6/4 General, 1956
6/5 General, 1957
6/6 General, 1957
6/7 General, 1958
6/8 Congratulations on Selling the Times, 1958
6/9 General, undated

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Series III:  Clippings, 1926-1958
3.5 linear feet

This series contains newspaper clippings collected by Charles Doherty over the course his professional career, reflecting his personal interests and editorial topics. These materials were extracted from papers other than the Missoula County Times and are arranged alphabetically by topic.

Container(s)
Description
Box/Folder
6/10 Aronson for Governor Club, 1952
6/11 Aronson for Governor Club, 1952
7/1 Aronson, J. Hugo, 1955-1956
7/2 Ayers, Roy E., undated
7/3 Catholicism, undated
7/4 Catholicism, undated
7/5 Chain Stores, undated
7/6 City Manager, undated
7/7 Communism, undated
7/8 Communism, undated
7/9 Editorial, 1958
7/10 Editorial Source Clippings, undated
7/11 Jokes, undated
7/12 Labor, undated
8/1 Labor, 1958
8/2 League of Women Voters, undated
8/3 Libel, undated
8/4 Loggings, undated
8/5 McCarthy, Joseph, undated
8/6 Mencken, H. L., undated
8/7 Missoula Bridges, 1956
8/8 Missoula Chamber of Commerce, undated
8/9 Missoula City Election, 1941
8/10 Missoula City Politics, 1948
8/11 Missoula County Politics, 1932-1935
8/12 Missoula County, 1957-1958
8/13 Montana Attorney General, 1926
8/14 Montana Press Association, 1944
8/15 Montana Press Association, 1946
8/16 Montana Press Association, 1952-1953
8/17 Montana Press Association, 1956
8/18 Montana Supreme Court Reports, 1928
8/19 Mosby, Aline, undated
8/20 National Editorial Association, 1944
8/21 Newspapers, undated
9/1 Office of Price Stabilization, 1952
9/2 Paradise Dam, undated
9/3 Patriotism, 1930-1932
9/4 Patriotism, 1941
9/5 Patriotism, 1942
9/6 Patriotism, 1956
9/7 Politics, 1927-1931
9/8 Politics, 1932
9/9 Politics, 1932-1936
9/10 Politics, 1932-1936
9/11 Politics, 1936-1937
9/12 Politics, 1938
9/13 Politics, 1939
10/1 Politics, 1940
10/2 Politics, 1941
10/3 Politics, 1942
10/4 Politics, 1942
10/5 Politics, 1943
10/6 Politics, 1944
10/7 Politics, 1944
10/8 Politics, 1945
10/9 Politics, 1945
10/10 Politics, 1946
10/11 Politics, 1946
10/12 Politics, 1949
11/1 Politics, 1950
11/2 Politics, 1950
11/3 Politics, 1951
11/4 Politics, 1951
11/5 Politics, 1952
11/6 Politics, 1952
11/7 Politics, 1952
11/8 Politics, 1953
11/9 Politics, 1953
12/1 Politics, 1955
12/2 Politics, 1955
12/3 Politics, 1956
12/4 Politics, 1956
12/5 Politics, 1958
12/6 Press and Printers Unions, 1953
12/7 Public Health, undated
12/8 Race Relations, undated
12/9 Religion, undated
12/10 Schools, undated
12/11 Schools, 1958
13/1 Snake River Power Development, 1955-1957
13/2 Television, undated
13/3 Trades and Labor Council, 1932-1935
13/4 Trading Stamps, undated
13/5 Unions, undated
13/6 University, Missoula, 1937 and 1940
13/7 Water, undated
13/8 Wheeler, B. V., undated
13/9 General topics, undated
13/10 General topics, undated

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Series IV:  Financial, 1925-1958
0.5 linear feet and 6 oversize volumes

This series contains financial records, primarily regarding operation of the Winnett and Missoula Times but also includes some personal records. This series provides insights into the operation of rural Montana weekly newspapers.

Container(s)
Description
Box/Folder
13/11 Equipment, 1931-1936
13/12 House, 1942-1957
13/13 Insurance, 1927-1947
13/14 Veterans Insurance, 1955-1958
13/15 General, 1925-1931
13/16 General, 1933
13/17 General, 1934
13/18 General, 1935
13/19 General, 1936
13/20 General, 1937
13/21 General, 1938
13/22 General, 1939
13/23 General, 1940
13/24 General, 1941
13/25 General, 1942
13/26 General, 1943
13/27 General, 1944
13/28 General, 1946
14/1 General, 1947
14/2 General, 1948
14/3 General, 1949
14/4 General, 1950
14/5 General, 1951
14/6 General, 1952
14/7 General, 1953
14/8 General, 1954
14/9 General, 1955
14/10 General, 1956
14/11 General, 1957
14/12 General, 1958
Volume
1 General Journal, Cash Receipts, Cash Disbursements, and Expenses, 1947-1957
Volume
2 General Ledger, 1947-1957
Volume
3 Cash Disbursements, 1937-1942
Volume
4 Payroll Record, 1942-1945
Volume
5 Payroll Record, 1946-1947
Volume
6 Payroll Record, 1948-1957

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Series V:  Legal, 1924-1971
4 folders

This series contains a mixture of personal and business legal documents. This series includes a sequence documenting an extended dispute between the Times and the Missoulian regarding lucrative Missoula City/County "newspaper of record" publication contracts. Additionally, this series contains an unsigned copy of the Missoula County Peoples Exchange articles of incorporation, a Depression era civic group intended to facilitate "self-relief" through bartering, work exchanges, and community projects.

Container(s)
Description
Box/Folder
14/13 Home in Missoula, 1942-1971
14/14 Missoula County Peoples Exchange, undated
14/15 Notary Public and Civic Memberships, 1924-1958
14/16 Business Documents, 1926-1958

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Series VI:  Reports, 1931-1955
1 folder

This series contains market and research reports collected by Charles Doherty.

Container(s)
Description
Box/Folder
14/17 Market and Research Reports, 1931-1955

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Series VII:  Speeches and Writings, 1932-1956
7 folders

This series contains Charles Doherty's speeches, radio speeches, and some of his editorial writings as well as some materials written by other authors.

Container(s)
Description
Box/Folder
14/18 Speeches and Radio Addresses, 1932-1942
14/19 Speeches and Radio Addresses, 1943-1944 and undated
14/20 Writings, 1933-1955
14/21 Writings, undated
14/22 J. Hugo Aronson, 1953 and 1956
14/23 Harry Burns, 1958
14/24 Writings of Others, undated

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Series VIII:  Photographs, 1917-1956
11 images

This series contains eleven photographs and postcards taken or collected by Charles Doherty during his lifetime. Seven of the nine images were taken during the 1927 American Legion Convention in Paris, France and Doherty's travels to Ireland following the convention.

Container(s)
Description
Box/Folder
17/5 51(VIII):1: Frederick W. Newsome, Brother of Irene Newsome, Times secretary, [Soldier's grave stone], 1927
17/5 51(VIII):2: C.J. [Doherty] and [two unidentified individuals at Blarney Castle, Ireland], 1927
17/5 51(VIII):3: Sandy [Sandaker], C. J. Doherty, and [unidentified man] at Blarney Castle, Ireland] , 1927
17/5 51(VIII):4: Sandy T. N. [Sandaker] at Blarney Castle, Ireland, 1927
17/5 51(VIII):5: C. J. Doherty on jaunty-cart, Dublin, Ireland, 1927
17/5 51(VIII):6: Montana 44, 2nd A.E.F. [American Expeditionary Force], Paris, France [Parade of Montana World War I Veterans], 1927
17/5 51(VIII):7: [Caricature of] C. J. Doherty by an artist at the Eiffel Tower, 1927
17/5 51(VIII):8: Winnett Oil and Soil, Cat Creek and Flatwillow Oil Fields [sign, Winnett, Montana], undated
17/5 51(VIII):9: Here we are with a million dollars in actual cash, Joe W. Brown's Horseshoe, [Las Vegas, Nevada, postcard from Clara Doherty], 1956
17/5 51(VIII):10: [Unidentified woman], undated
Picture found in Charles Doherty's World War I billfold
17/5 51(VIII):11: [Unidentified soldier, possibly Charles Doherty], circa 1917
Picture found in Charles Doherty's World War I billfold

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Series IX:  Clara M. Doherty, 1947-1972
5 folders

This series consists of Clara Doherty's personal correspondence and some financial records that appear to be from a Catholic women's organization.

Container(s)
Description
Subseries 1: Correspondence, 1960-1972
4 folders
Box/Folder
14/25 1960
14/26 1966-1967
14/27 1968-1970
14/28 1972
Subseries 2: Financial, 1947-1955
1 folder
Box/Folder
14/29 1947-1955

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Series X:  Petroleum County Realty Company, 1922-1930
4 folders

The Petroleum County Realty Company was a real estate brokerage located in Winnnett, Montana. Doherty was the treasurer of the organization.

Container(s)
Description
Subseries 1: Correspondence, 1922-1930
1 folder
Box/Folder
15/1 1922-1930
Subseries 2: Financial and Legal, 1924-1928
3 folders
Box/Folder
15/2 Tax Returns, 1925-1928
15/3 General Legal Documents, 1924
15/4 Licenses, 1925-1927

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Series XI:  Veterans of World War I of the U.S.A. Dept. of Montana, Missoula Barracks, 1957
3 folders

Doherty was the commander of the Missoula Barracks (or unit) of the Veterans of World War I, and was involved in its organization. The materials document eligible area veterans and actual membership.

Container(s)
Description
Subseries 1: Correspondence, 1957
1 folder
Box/Folder
15/5 1957
Subseries 2: Clippings and Printed Materials, 1957
2 folders
Box/Folder
15/6 Clippings, 1957
15/7 Resolutions and Press Releases, 1957

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Series XII:  American Legion, 1917-1957
1.25 linear feet

The records are mostly related to American Legion Hell Gate Post #27 in Missoula, Montana, of which Doherty was the commander. Also of particular note are records from Doherty's participation in the 1927 American Legion convention in Paris, billed as the Second American Expeditionary Force and portraying Legionnaires as the champions of western democracy.

Container(s)
Description
Subseries 1: Correspondence, 1917-1953
0.25 linear feet
Box/Folder
15/8 1917-1929
15/9 Paris Reunion, 1927
15/10 1930
15/11 1931
15/12 1932
15/13 1933
15/14 1934
15/15 1935
15/16 1936
15/17 1937-1941, 1943, and 1953
Subseries 2: Clippings, 1919-1957
0.25 linear feet
Box/Folder
15/18 1919-1953
15/19 1919-1934
15/20 1957
16/1 1932-1943
Subseries 3: Reports, 1930-1951
2 folders
Box/Folder
16/2 Membership Lists and Committee Assignments, 1932-1951
16/3 General, 1930-1935
Subseries 4: Speeches and Writings, 1923-1941 and undated
0.25 linear feet
Box/Folder
16/4 C.J. Doherty, 1934 and undated
16/5 Other Legion Post leaders, undated
16/6 Organizational Papers, undated
16/7 Organizational Papers, 1923-1935 and undated
16/8 Publications, 1923-1941 and undated
Subseries 5: Paris Convention, 2nd American Expeditionary Force, 1927
0.5 linear feet
Box/Folder
16/9 Certificate of Identification, 1927
16/10 Programs, Brochures, and Maps, 1927
17/1 Programs, Brochures, and Maps, 1927
17/2 Pictorial Review of the 32nd Division, 1927
17/3 Tickets, Notes, and Memorabilia, 1927
17/4 Press and Itineraries, 1927

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Subjects

This collection is indexed under the following headings in the online catalog. Researchers desiring materials about related topics, persons, or places should search the catalog using these headings.

    • Corporate Names :
    • American Legion. National Convention (1927: Paris, France)
    • Geographical Names :
    • Missoula (Mont.)--Newspapers
    • Montana--Newspapers
    • Subject Terms :
    • Newspaper publishing -- Montana
    • Newspaper publishing -- Montana--Missoula
    • Real estate business -- Montana--Petroleum County
    • Veterans--Montana -- Missoula--Societies, etc.
    • World War, 1914-1918 -- Veterans--Montana--Missoula
    • Form or Genre Terms :
    • Business records -- Montana
    • Clippings
    • Personal papers -- Montana
    • Photographs
    • Speeches, addresses, etc., American
      • Occupations :
      • Businessmen -- Montana
      • Civic leaders--Montana --Missoula
      • Newspaper editors -- Montana
      • Newspaper editors -- Montana--Missoula
      • Titles within the Collection :
      • Missoula County times
      • Other Creators :
      • Doherty, Clara M., 1895-1975
      • American Legion
      • Petroleum County Realty Company
      • Veterans of World War I of the U.S.A. Missoula Barracks (Missoula, Mont.)

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