Guide to the Benjamin A. Gifford Photographs
circa 1885 - circa 1920

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Overview of the Collection

Creator: Gifford, Benjamin A.
Title: Benjamin A. Gifford Photographs
Dates: circa 1885 - circa 1920 ( inclusive )
1899-1919 ( bulk )
Quantity: 4.5 cubic feet, including 855 photographs (49 boxes, including 1 oversize box, and 1 map folder)
Collection Number: P 218-SG 1
Summary: The Benjamin A. Gifford Photographs consist of photographs made by Gifford during his career as a photographer in Portland and The Dalles, Oregon. The images depict Native Americans, primarily of the Columbia Plateau region; the Columbia River and the Historic Columbia River Highway; Central and Eastern Oregon; Gifford Family members; and many unidentified individuals and groups. Gifford arrived in Oregon and worked first in Portland until 1895, when he opened a studio in The Dalles. He returned to Portland in 1910.
Repository: Oregon State University Libraries
University Archives

121 The Valley Library
Oregon State University
Corvallis, OR 97331-4501
Phone: 541-737-2165
Email: archives@oregonstate.edu
Web: http://osulibrary.oregonstate.edu/archives

Languages: Materials in English. 
Sponsor: Funding for encoding this finding aid was provided through a grant awarded by the National Endowment for the Humanities.

Biographical Note

Benjamin A. Gifford (1859-1936) was born in DuPage County, Illinois. After briefly attending Kansas Normal College, Benjamin worked for two years as an apprentice in a Ft. Scott, Kansas, photo gallery. He finished his apprenticeship in Sedalia, Missouri, under William LaTour, and then returned to Fort Scott to become a partner in a photo studio. Benjamin married Myrtle Peck in 1884; he and his wife moved to Portland, Oregon, in 1888 and by 1891 had started a photo studio across the street from the Hotel Portland. He was the first photographer in Portland to use electric lights for making enlargements.

About 1895 Benjamin moved to The Dalles and operated a studio there for several years, though he maintained strong ties to the Portland area. Gifford returned to Portland in 1910. His son Ralph I. Gifford took over operation of the studio around 1920. After his first wife died in 1919, Benjamin married Rachel Morgan, who had worked in his photography studio for several years. They moved to Clark County, Washington, soon after turning over the photography business to Ralph and settled in a home they called "Wa-ne-Ka," named after his famous photograph, "Sunset on the Columbia." Benjamin died on March 5, 1936.

Benjamin was well-known for his images of Native Americans, scenic views of the Columbia River and the Columbia River Highway, and views of central Oregon and Portland areas. He published Art Work of Oregon (1900), Art Work of the State of Oregon (1909), Art Work of Portland, Mt. Hood and the Columbia River (1912), and a view book titled Snap Shots on the Columbia (1902). In addition his work appeared in many promotional booklets issued by railroads, particularly the Oregon Railroad and Navigation Company.

Content Description

The Benjamin A. Gifford Photographs comprise one of the components of the Gifford Photographic Collection (P 218) and include images of Native Americans; the Columbia River and the Columbia River Highway; the Cascade Mountains; The Dalles, the Deschutes River and other places in Central and Eastern Oregon; Portland, Oregon; and the Gifford family. These photographs include several well-known Benjamin A. Gifford images, such as Home Guard on the Columbia and Mount Hood from Lost Lake , both taken in 1899. Photographs of farm of ranch scenes and logging operations are part of the collection. Many unidentified formal portrait photographs and informal photographs of individual and groups are included in the collection. Several prints made by Ralph I. Gifford, his son, of Benjamin's negatives are included.

The bulk of the Benjamin A. Gifford Photographs are glass negatives (664). Most of these are 5x7, 6.5x8.5, and 8x10 glass negatives; however, there are also several 4x5 and 11x14 glass negatives. The collection includes 53 nitrate negatives and 1 film negative; 4 lantern slides; and 107 photographic prints and 26 photogravures. Some of the 5x7 glass negatives are stereoscopic negatives; these are indicated in the detailed description. The bulk of the prints were made in the 1980s-1990s after the collection was acquired by Oregon State University. The collection also includes printouts of low-resolution scans for a small portion of the negatives. These are not indicated in the detailed description.

A selection of images are available online in the Oregon Multicultural Archives or Best of the Archives digital collections.

Use of the Collection

Restrictions on Access :  

Collection is open for research.

Preferred Citation :  

Benjamin A. Gifford Photographs (P 218-SG 1), Oregon State University Archives, Corvallis, Oregon.

Administrative Information

Arrangement :

The Benjamin A. Gifford Photographs are arranged in 17 series: I. Native Americans, 1899-1908; II. Columbia River, 1899-1915; III. Columbia River Highway, circa 1915-1920; IV. Cascades, 1899-1904; V. Central and Eastern Oregon, circa 1900 - circa 1916; VI. Portland, Oregon, circa 1910 - circa 1920; VII. Shipbuilding, circa 1915; VIII. Logging and Timber, circa 1895-1915; IX. Farm and Ranch Scenes, circa 1905-1920; X. Businesses, circa 1903-1917; XI. Landscapes, circa 1895 - circa 1920; XII. Gifford Family, circa 1885-1919; XIII. Logos and mask charts, circa 1905- circa 1920; XIV. Studio and formal portraits, circa 1905 - circa 1920; XV. John Egan and wife camping, circa 1920; XVI. Unidentified informal portraits and other unidentified photos of people, circa 1905 - circa 1920; and XVII. Damaged Glass Negatives, circa 1905 - circa 1920.

Custodial History :  

The photographs were donated to the Oregon State University Horner Museum in 1986 by Ben L. and Beth Gifford.

Acquisition Information :  

The photographs were transferred from the Oregon State University Horner Museum to the University Archives in July 1996.

Related Materials :  

This is one component of the Gifford Photographic Collection (P 218) held by the OSU Archives. Other components are: Ralph I. Gifford Photographs (P 218-SG 2); Ralph I. Gifford Motion Pictures (P 218-SG 3); Wanda M. Gifford Photographs (P 218-SG 4); Ben L. Gifford Photographs (P 218-SG 5); Gifford Collection Photographs by Unknown or Other Photographers (P 218-SG 6); and Gifford Collection Documentary Materials (P 218-SG 7).

Other collections that contain Benjamin A. Gifford's work include the Extension Service Photographs (P 062), E. R. Jackman Photographic Collection (P 89), Oregon State University Historical Photographs (P 025), and Visual Instruction Department Lantern Slides (P 217). Images by Gifford and his partner, Arthur Prentiss, are available online in the Gerald W. Williams Collection.

Images of Native Americans by other photographers are available online as part of the Oregon Multicultural Archives Digital Collection. Other photographs of Oregon landscapes are part of the Gerald W. Williams Collection and the Roland G. Holmes Collection of Oregon and Washington Postcards (P 283).

Most of Benjamin A. Gifford's photographs are part of the Gifford Photographs Collection (Org. Lot 982) at the Oregon Historical Society in Portland.


Detailed Description of the Collection

Series I:  Native Americans, 1899-1908
54 prints, 52 glass negatives and positives, and 1 nitrate negative

Series I consists of photographs of Native Americans, primarily on the Columbia River Plateau, taken by Benjamin A. Gifford from the late 1890s through early 1900s. The images include men, women, and children. Glass copy negatives of several images of Modoc Indians are also included; the originals of these photographs were made in the 1870s. Prints of most of the negatives are included; these are modern prints made in the 1980s-1990s. Most of the images are also available online in either the Oregon Multicultural Archives or Best of the Archives digital collections.

Container(s)
Description
Box
1, 37 147: "Native and dugout canoe, Celilo, Columbia River", 1899
prints and 6.5x8.5 glass positive
Identified as William Sohappy, who lived on the Umatilla Reservation.
1, 17 152: "Klickitat brave", 1899
prints and 4.25x6.5 glass negative
1, 17 165: Young woman, circa 1900
prints and 5x7 glass negative
1, 17 167: Two young men in traditional dress, circa 1900
print and 5x7 glass negative
1, 17 171: Man in traditional dress, circa 1900
prints and 5x7 glass negative
1, 37 180: "Home Guard on the Columbia", canoe and tepees on bank of river, 1899
print, 8x10 glass negative, and 8x10 glass positive
1, 37 211: "Natives spearing salmon on the Columbia", 1901
print and 6.5x8.5 glass negative
1, 37 214: "Chief Hash-Nash-Shut", 1901
prints and 6.5x8.5 glass positives
1, 37 327: Group on horses in front of tepees, 1908
print and 8x10 glass negative
60 15282: "Indian Wood Carrier"
8x10 nitrate negative of a painting?
1, 37 Indians in front of tepees, 1908
prints and 8x10 glass negative
Similar to 327.
1, 17 "Pop Kin A Wane", circa 1900
prints and 4.25x6.5 glass positive
1, 17 "Tomlike' Chief of Hood River Ind", circa 1900
print and 5x7 glass negative
1, 17 "Winyah' Simcoe Indian", circa 1900
print and 5x7 glass negative
1, 17 Man in traditional dress, circa 1900
print and 4.25x6.5 glass negative
#3322, Charles Hallen?
1, 17 Man in traditional dress, circa 1900
print and 5x7 glass negative
#6094, B.F. Swift?
1 14416: Indian Madonna, 1901
print
2 views: print
Box
17, 37
5x7 glass positives and 8x10 glass negative
1 Joseph Luxello, Yakima Indian missionary, sitting on Pulpit Rock, The Dalles, circa 1900
prints
Box
14, 17
4 3.5x5 glass negatives and 5x7 glass negative
1, 37 Woman with baby in cradle board, circa 1900
print and 5x7 stereoscopic glass negative
envelope labeled J.L.
1, 37 Man in traditional headdress and clothing, circa 1900
print and 6.5x8.5 glass negative
37 Woman standing next to tepee (along Columbia River?), 1899
6.5x8.5 glass positive only
1, 37 Woman with children at entrance to tepee, circa 1900
prints and 6.5x8.5 glass negative
1, 37 Woman and children sitting inside tepee, circa 1900
print and 6.5x8.5 glass negative
1, 37 People standing and sitting outside of tepees, circa 1900
print and 2 6.5x8.5 glass negatives
e2 views
1, 37 Portrait of Peu-Peu-Mox-Mox of the Nez Perce tribe, 1908
print and 6.5x8.5 glass positive
1, 17 Two men in traditional clothing; Jake Spedis on the left
print and 5x7 glass negative
1, 17 Man in a flannel jacket
print and 4.25x6.5 glass negative
1, 17 Man in a wool jacket
print and 5x7 glass negative
1, 18 Man in a blanket
print and 5x7 glass negative
1, 18 Two men in traditional dress
print and 4.25x6.5 glass negative
1, 18 Older couple
2 prints and 2 4.25x6.5 glass negatives
2 views
1, 18 Older couple and child
print and 2 4.25x6.5 glass negatives
2 views
1, 18 Older man
print and 5 4.25x6.5 glass negatives
5 views
1, 18 Man walking along waterfront (The Dalles?) in winter, circa 1900
print and 5x7 stereoscopic glass negative
1, 18 Sconchen' Modoc Indian Hanged at Ft. Klamath, Oct. 3, 1873
print and 5x7 glass copy negative
1, 18 Scarfaced Charlie' Modoc Indian Hanged at Ft. Klamath, Oct. 3, 1873
print and 5x7 glass copy negativet
1, 18 Capt. Jack' Modoc Chief Hanged at Ft. Klamath, Oct. 3, 1873
print and 5x7 glass copy negative
1, 18 Curley, Custer's Scout
print and 5x7 glass copy negative
1 Black Bird, Sioux Chief, 1899
Hand painted and mounted; photo by Heyn Photo, Omaha.

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Series II:  Columbia River, 1899-1915
44 glass negatives and positives, 26 photogravures, 6 prints, and 1 nitrate negative

Series II consists of images of the Columbia River taken by Benjamin A. Gifford, primarily in 1900-1905. The images depict waterfalls, steamboats, trains, rock features, and salmon fishing. The series also includes several images of Native Americans. Prints are not included for most of the negatives. Printouts of low-resolution scans for some of the negatives are available with the prints.

Container(s)
Description
Box
1 Booklet Snapshots on the Columbia , 1902
18 photogravures
1 "Gifford's Snapshot Series, Columbia River views", 1905
8 photogravures
Partial set.
Numbered plates (many used in above sets)
Box
1, 38 158: "Cape Horn, Columbia"
print and 6.5x8.5 glass positive
38 166: "Multnomah Falls", 1899
6.5x8.5 glass positive
38 199: "Cape Horn, Columbia River", 1901
8x10 glass positives
38 200: "Cigar Rock, Columbia River", 1901
8x10 glass positives
1, 38 207: "Steamer Bailey Gatzert Approaching Cascade Locks", 1901
prints and 6.5x8.5 glass positive
38 234: "North Abutment to Bridge of the Gods, and Cascades of the Columbia", 1902
6.5x8.5 glass positive
38 235: "Rooster Rock, Steamer Dalles City", 1902
8x10 glass positives
60 236: "Warren's Salmon Cannery; Strs. Dalles City and Tahoma", 1902
6x8 nitrate copy negative
39 237: "Multnomah Falls, 840 ft., on O.R. & N", 1902
8x10 glass positive
39 238: "Latourelle Falls, on the O.R. & N", 1902
6.5x8.5 glass negative & 8x10 glass positive
39 240: "Pillars of Hercules, on the O.R. & N", 1902
8x10 glass positives
39 243: "Supreme Lodge A.O.U.W. and D. of H. Cascades of the Columbia, Steamer Bailey Gatzert", 1902
8x10
39 354: Steamer Bailey Gatzert on the Columbia River (near Cascade Locks?), 1909
8x10 glass negative
39 Columbia River from the deck of the steamer Bailey Gatzert (near The Dalles?), circa 1902
8x10 glass positive
39 Steamer Bailey Gatzert on the Cascades of the Columbia
6.5x8.5 glass positives
19 Steamboat Dalles City on the river at sunset
5x7 stereoscopic glass negative
19 Steamers Bailey Gatzert, Chas. R. Spencer, and T.J. Potter at Cascade Locks
5x7 stereoscopic glass negative
39 Mt. Hood from the Columbia near Hood River, circa 1902
6.5x8.5 glass positive
39 Skulls and bones on Memaloose Island?, Columbia River, near The Dalles
6.5x8.5 glass positive
39 People viewing Multnomah Falls, circa 1910
8x10 glass positive
1, 39 Native American standing on rock ledge viewing Celilo Falls, circa 1902
8x10 glass positives and print
2 images
1, 40 Spearing salmon at Celilo, 1902
8x10 glass copy negative and print
1, 14 Netting salmon from natural bridge at Celilo
3.5x5 glass negative and print
40 River bank (Columbia River?)
6.5x8.5 glass negative; negative is marked "X57"
40 Train along far bank of a river (Columbia River?)
6.5x8.5 glass negative
40 View of Columbia River? from cliffs
6.5x8.5 glass negatives
2 images, negatives have damaged emulsions
40 Bridge of the Gods, Columbia River
8x10 glass copy negative
40 Rock formation along Columbia River?
6.5x8.5 glass negative
40 Wooden pier and houses on pilings, Columbia River?
6.5x8.5 glass negative
14 Columbia River frozen over at The Dalles, circa 1900
3.5x5 glass negative
14 Seining salmon (below Celilo), circa 1900
4x5 glass negative
19 Boats on the river front, The Dalles?
2 5x7 stereoscopic negatives
19 Wagon at The Dalles? waterfront; steamer Chas. R. Spencer at wharf, circa 1900
5x7 stereoscopic negative
19 Wood scows (windjammers) at The Dalles, circa 1900
5x7 glass negative
19 Log rafts, St. Helens, Ore.
5x7 glass negative
19 Picnic group; Columbia River and Castle Rock in background, circa 1915
5x7 glass negative
19 Steamer Humantia being towed by two paddle wheel tugs
5x7 glass negative
19 Cape Horn and Cigar Rock
5x7 stereoscopic glass negative

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Series III:  Columbia River Highway, circa 1915-1920
23 glass negatives, 10 nitrate negatives and 3 prints

Series III consists of images of the Historic Columbia River Highway taken during the period of its construction between 1913 and 1922. The images depict completed bridges, embankments, sections of the highway, and views of the Columbia River and Columbia River gorge. Prints are not included for most of the negatives. Printouts of low-resolution scans for some of the negatives are available with the prints.

Container(s)
Description
Box
41 Columbia River (looking west) from shoulder of highway
2 6.5x8.5 glass negatives
41 Columbia River and railroad from highway overlook (Mitchell Point or Rowena Loops?)
6.5x8.5 glass negative
41 Highway bridge (Moffett Creek?) next to railroad bridge
6.5x8.5 glass negative
41 Bridge over Moffett Creek
2 6.5x8.5 glass negatives
41 Unpaved section of highway; cliff in background
6.5x8.5 glass negative
19, 41 Horse Tail Falls and highway bridge over Horse Tail Creek
6.5x8.5 and 5x7 glass negatives
19 Railroad bridge and highway bridge over Horse Tail Creek
5x7 glass negative
41 5821: Shepherd's Dell bridge over Young's Creek
2 6.5x8.5 glass negative
41 5822: Shepherd's Dell bridge
6.5x8.5 glass negative
41 5823: Rock embankment along unpaved highway
6.5x8.5 glass negative
41 Highway curve, forested
6.5x8.5 glass negative
41 Highway bridge or viaduct taken from adjacent railroad
6.5x8.5 glass negative
41 Highway and steamer in Columbia River
6.5x8.5 glass negative
41 Highway and Columbia River Gorge
6.5x8.5 glass negative; damaged emulsion
41 Unpaved highway; rock outcropping in background
6.5x8.5 glass negative
1, 41 People viewing Multnomah Falls
prints and 6.5x8.5 glass negative
19 Highway at Multnomah Falls
5x7 glass negative
19 Highway viaduct near Multnomah Falls
5x7 glass negative
Gifford no. 19
19 Highway above Crown Point
5x7 glass negative
Gifford no. 33
1, 60 Crown Point and waterfall on Columbia River Highway, circa 1920
1 print and 10 nitrate film negatives

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Series IV:  Cascades, 1899-1904
35 glass negatives and glass positives and 1 print

Series IV consists of views of the Cascade Mountains in Oregon and Washington. Most of the images are of Mount Hood and the Three Sisters in Oregon, including several iconic images of Mount Hood from Lost Lake, with the mountain's reflection in the lake. Prints are not included for most of the negatives. Printouts of low-resolution scans for a few of the negatives are available with the prints.

Container(s)
Description
Box
42 173: Mt. Hood from Lost Lake, 1899
9 6.5x8.5 glass negatives and positives
42 216-217: Man fishing in Trout Lake (Washington); Mt. Adams in background
4 6.5x8.5 glass negatives and positives
59 230: Mount Hood from Lost Lake, 1901
11x14 glass negative
59 522: View of Mount Hood? and Cascades; tree in foreground
11x14 glass negative
42 592: The Three Sisters
8x10 glass negative
1, 42 652: The Three Sisters
print and 8x10 glass negative
14 View of Mt. Hood?
3x4 glass negative
43 Two fisherman in boat on Lost Lake with Mt. Hood in background, 1899
2 6.5x8.5 glass negatives (one camera and one copy)
43 Mt. Hood from Lost Lake, circa 1899
6.5x8.5 glass negative and 6.5x8.5 glass positive positive
Similar to preceding view.
43 Mt. Hood from Lost Lake, 1901
4 6.5x8.5 and 8x10 glass positives
similar to 173
43 Mt. Hood and timbered mountain in foreground
6.5x8.5 glass negative
59 View of orchard and Mt. Hood?
11x14 glass copy negative
19 Man viewing the Three Sisters?, circa 1900
5x7 stereoscopic negative
43 The Three Sisters, 1904
4 8x10 glass positives
43 Man fishing in Trout Lake, Washington
6.5x8.5 glass positive
similar to 216. & 217
43 Mountain peak in the Cascades (Adams, St. Helens or Jefferson?); timbered land in foreground
6.5x8.5 glass negative

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Series V:  Central and Eastern Oregon, circa 1900 - circa 1916
54 glass negatives and 7 prints

Series V consists of images of towns, such as The Dalles, Burns, Mitchell, and perhaps Ione, as well as views of rivers and rock formations in central and eastern Oregon. Several images of freight teams and the Gifford photo wagon are included. Prints are not included for most of the negatives. Printouts of low-resolution scans for a few of the negatives are available with the prints.

Container(s)
Description
Box
44 29-30 and 37: Desert plain with sagebrush and trails
3 6.5x8.5 glass negatives
44 323: Freight team and wagons in Central Oregon near Antelope, 1905
8x10 glass negative
44 374: Panorama of a Central Oregon town -- houses, church, tepees, 1908
8x10 glass copy negative
14, 20 Ezra Meeker and old baker at Fort Dalles bakery, The Dalles, 1908
2 3.5x5 glass negatives and 3 5x7 stereoscopic glass negatives
14 Robbers Roost near Condon (Gifford photo wagon)
44 Gifford studio and other buildings, The Dalles
5x8 glass negative
44 Schwartz Clothing & Grocery Store, The Dalles?
6.5x8.5 glass negative
44 Prize winning cherry displays, first annual Cherry Fair, The Dalles, 1908
2 6.5x8.5 glass negatives, masked
14 Freighters in canyon near Condon
2 3.5x5 glass negatives
14 Two freighters on the trail, Central Oregon
3.5x5 glass negative
14 Gifford photo wagon in canyon
3.5x5 glass negative
20 Gifford photo wagon on road
5x7 stereoscopic glass negative
20 Gifford photo wagon on road next to farmstead
5x7 stereoscopic negative
20 Gifford photo wagon and carriage on trail in mountains
5x7 stereoscopic negative
20 "Oregon Cavalcade," line of wagons on road; Gifford photo wagon in one image
3 5x7 stereoscopic glass negatives
20 Freight wagons next to livery stable in small town
5x7 stereoscopic glass negative
1, 44 Freight team and wagon in Burns, Oregon
4 prints and 6.5x8.5 glass negative
44 Harney Valley Headquarters, Oregon Western Col. Co., circa 1915
2 6.5x8.5 glass negatives
1, 44 Mitchell, Oregon; includes the "Palace Saloon," Central Oregon, July 1904?
print and 5.5x8.5 glass negative
44 Autos and camp, Eastern Oregon or Idaho, circa 1916
6.5x8.5 glass negative
1, 20 Log homestead
1 print and 5x7 stereoscopic glass negative
20 Wooden bridge over ravine
5x7 stereoscopic glass negative
20 Young boy viewing rock (basalt?) formation
5x7 stereoscopic glass negative
20 Man viewing rock formations in distance
5x7 stereoscopic glass negative
20 Men walking along a river
3 5x7 stereoscopic glass negative
21 Small town (Ione?)
5x7 stereoscopic glass negative
21 Group, including a photographer (Gifford?) on bluff overlooking small town
5x7 stereoscopic glass negative
21 Woman in horse and buggy near cabin
5x7 glass negative
21 "Shepherd of the Hills;" Matthew Thorburn and his sheep dogs watch over a flock of sheep near Kingsley, Oregon, 1900
5x7 stereoscopic glass negative
44 Woman and boy along a river, basalt formations in background, Central Oregon
6x8.5 glass negative
44 View of a river, Central Oregon?
6.5x8.5 glass negative
45 View of Mt. Hood?, orchards, and farmstead from a bluff
6.5x8.5 glass negative
45 Rock formation, Columbia River gorge or Central Oregon
6.5x8.5 glass negative
45 Rock bridge formation, Central or Eastern Oregon
6.5x8.5 glass negative
Columnar basalt formation (Columbia River basalt)
5 5x7 stereoscopic, 2 6.5x8.5 glass negatives, and 1 print
Seven views; one view has group of people standing next to formation.
Box
21 5x7 glass negatives
45 6.5x8.5 glass negatives
1 Print of one view.

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Series VI:  Portland, Oregon, circa 1910 - circa 1920
12 glass negatives, 3 nitrate negatives, and 5 prints

Series VI consists of views of Portland, Oregon, including parks, businesses, the Imperial Hotel, and the Willamette River. Four of the prints, indicated as "modern", were made in the 1980s or 1990s after the collection was acquired by Oregon State University. One of the prints (indicated as "original") was made by Gifford or his family; an original negative is not included for this image. Prints are not included for most of the negatives. Printouts of low-resolution scans for a few of the negatives are available with the prints. See Series XVI for images of William Gadsby and Sons, House Furnishers, in Portland.

Container(s)
Description
Box
60 39A: "Sacajawea" statue, City Park
4x6 nitrate film negative
60 53: "Spruce tree 173 yrs. old grown round a fallen Port Orford cedar still in perfect preservation, Forestry Building, Portland, Ore"
4x6 nitrate film negative
1 55: "Interior Forestry Building, Portland, Oregon"
1 modern print
Nitrate negative was removed from the collection in 2010 because of several deterioation.
1, 60 57: "Interior Forestry Building, Portland, Oregon"
modern print and 4x6 nitrate film negative
21 Imperial Hotel, Broadway and Washington Streets, circa 1915
2 5x7 glass negatives
21 Sailing ship at W.P. Fuller dock, Portland?
5x7 stereoscopic glass negative
21 Looking across the Willamette River to St. Johns City Dock
5x7 stereoscopic glass negative
21 Looking across the Willamette River to St. Johns area; Mt. St. Helens in background
2 5x7 glass negatives
21 Portland Rotary Club fountain, circa 1916
5x7 glass negatives
21 Crowd and Portland Ad Club members in front of Pullman car
5x7 glass negatives
1, 45 Champion Shoe Store, 1916
2 modern prints and 6.5x8.5 glass negative
45 Trains and Union Station? in the fog
2 6.5x8.5 glass negatives
45 Woman walking across a bridge, Portland?
6.5x8.5 glass negative
73 Two newspaper boys talking under a tree, Portland, circa 1917
1 oversize original print

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Series VII:  Shipbuilding, circa 1915
11 glass negatives

Series VII consists of views of shipbuilding, primarily in St. Helens, Oregon. No prints are included in this series. A printout of a low-resolution scan of one of the negatives is available with the prints.

Container(s)
Description
Box
22 St. Helens ship yards
5x7 glass negative
22 Shipbuilding, St. Helens, Ore.
5x7 glass negative
22 Ships under construction in ship yard, St. Helens?
4 5x7 glass negatives
22 Inside of hull of a ship under construction, St. Helens?
2 5x7 glass negatives
22 Christening of a ship?, St. Helens? ship yards
2 5x7 glass negatives
45 Motorship Construction Co. yard and newly built boats
8x10 glass negative

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Series VIII:  Logging and Timber, circa 1895-1915
8 glass negatives, 1 nitrate negative, and 1 print

Series VIII consists of views of logging and timber operations. Prints are not available for most of the negatives.

Container(s)
Description
Box
60 32A: "Ocean going log raft"
nitrate film negative
1, 22 Horse logging near Bend, Oregon, late 1890s
print and 5x7 stereoscopic glass negative
The print was made by Ralph I. Gifford from a negative taken by Benjamin A. Gifford.
22 Loggers in front of log piles
5x7 glass negative
22 Sawmill interiors
2 5x7 glass negatives
22 Man next to felled and cut up tree
5x7 glass negative
22 Two men standing at the base of a large tree
5x7 glass negative
45 Machine transporting sawn timbers through a lumber yard
6.5x8.5 glass negative
45 Frame houses in a logging camp?
6.5x8.5 glass negative

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Series IX:  Farm and Ranch Scenes, circa 1905-1920
41 glass negatives, 6 prints, and 1 film negative

Series IX includes images of sheep and cattle, barnyards and farmsteads, fruit trees, and field crops. Of special note is an image of sheep at a ferry crossing near Maryhill on the Columbia River. Prints are not included for most of the negatives. Printouts of low-resolution scans for a few of the negatives are available with the prints.

Container(s)
Description
Box
14 View of farm and fields
3.5x5.5 glass negative
46 Pasture next to stream and small bridge
6.5x8.5 glass negative
46 Hillside pasture
6.5x8.5 glass negative
23 Barnyard with hen and chicks
5x7 stereoscopic glass negative
46 Chicks in a straw nest
6.5x8.5 glass negative
23 Sheep on a hillside
5x7 glass negative
1, 46 Sheep in a pasture
2 6.5x8.5 glass negatives and 1 print
46 Young boy and sheep next to a barn
6.5x8.5 glass negative
46 A ram
6.5x8.5 glass negative
23 Two young men with herd of dairy cattle
5x7 glass negative
46 Dairy cattle in a stockade corral
3 6.5x8.5 glass negatives
46-47 Dairy cattle in pastures
7 6.5x8.5 glass negatives
47 Dairy cattle alongside a river; water towers in background, Central Oregon
6.5x8.5 glass negative
47 Dairy cattle on a trail leading from a pasture
6.5x8.5 glass negative
47 Woman with cattle in a pasture
6.5x8.5 glass negative
47 Branded cattle in a corral
6.5x8.5 glass negative
47 Two men on horses; cattle and ranch in background, Eastern Oregon
6.5x8.5 glass negative
23 Man standing next to corn stalks
5x7 stereoscopic glass negative
47 Harvesting grain?, Central or Eastern Oregon
6.5x8.5 glass negative
23 Mill or drying barn
5x7 stereoscopic glass negative
23 Elk in a pasture
5x7 stereoscopic glass negative
23 Flat bed truck hauling a tractor
5x7 glass negative
damaged emulsion
23 Cattle being herded through a chute
5x7 stereoscopic negative
23 Farmstead; young boy, woman with horse and buggy
5x7 stereoscopic negative
47 Man standing under an apple tree
6.5x8.5 glass negative
2 images
47 Man standing in young orchard or tree nursery
6.5x8.5 glass negative
47 Tree nursery?
2 6.5x8.5 glass negatives
47 Fruit tree in bloom
6.5x8.5 glass negative
47 Orchard in bloom
6.5x8.5 glass negative
47 Apple tree branches covered with apples
8x10 glass negative
1, 69 Sheep at ferry crossing near Maryhill, Columbia River, 1908
8x10 film copy negative and 5 prints
Ralph Gifford made the copy negative, probably in the 1930s, of the original image by his father, Benjamin A. Gifford. The prints were made in the 1980s or 1990s after the collection was acquired by Oregon State University.

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Series X:  Businesses, circa 1903 - 1917
6 glass negatives and 3 prints

Series X consists of images of unidentified businesses and offices. Prints are not included for most of the negatives. Only a print is available for the Cannon Beach Hotel image.

Container(s)
Description
Box
23 Soda fountain
5x7 glass negative
23 Law or real estate office?, 1916
5x7 glass negative
23 Hotel barber shop
5x7 glass negative
1, 48 Men shooting billiards in a pool hall, perhaps in The Dalles?, circa 1903
6.5x8.5 glass negative and 2 prints
48 Shank Motor Co.
2 6.5x8.5 glass negatives
Interior and exterior views.
1 7765: Cannon Beach Hotel, summer 1917
At the corner of Third and Spruce Streets. Print made by Tom Robinson in the 1990s of the original glass negative held by Oregon Historical Society. Published in Oregon, Then and Now (2000).

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Series XI:  Landscapes, circa 1895 - circa 1920
87 glass negatives, 8 nitrate negatives, 2 lantern slides, and 1 print

Series XI includes images of various landscape views including rivers, streams, creeks, ponds, and lakes; rock formations; waterfalls; the Oregon coast; pastures; structures, such as houses; small dams and waterwheels; wildlife; and flowers, shrubs, and trees. A print is included for only one of the negatives. Printouts of low-resolution scans for a few of the negatives are available with the prints.

Container(s)
Description
Box
48 301: Upper Deschutes River? flowing through wooded area
6.5x8.5 glass negative
48 629: Unidentified lakeside town or resort
48 631: View of a river, Central Oregon?
8x10 glass negative
48 653: Man sitting on a bluff looking through binoculars
8x10 glass negative
48 657: Railroad tracks alongside a river
8x10 glass negative
48 673: Trees on a riverbank
8x10 glass negative
48 678 1/2: Rock formation above railroad and farm, next to a river
8x10 glass negative
48 6??: Man and a woman in a canoe on a river
8x10 glass negative
16 Government building?, Mexico?
lantern slide copy of a photo print
16 Adobe oven or storage structure, Mexico?
lantern slide copy of a photo print
24 Ivy covered house
2 5x7 stereoscopic glass negatives
48 Frame house in woods at the end of a lane
6.5x8.5 glass negative
48 House or resort on river or lake
6.5x8.5 glass negative
48 House next to a small marsh
6.5x8.5 glass negative
24 Waterwheel on a creek
5x7 stereoscopic glass negative
24 Ocean sunset
5x7 glass negative
48 Ship aground on beach, Oregon coast
6.5x8.5 glass negative
49 Waves crashing against rocks, Oregon coast
6.5x8.5 glass negative
49 Man walking on beach (Pacific Ocean?) at sunset
6.5x8.5 glass negative
24 Man with dog viewing a waterfall
5x7 stereoscopic glass negative
24 Dog lying next to rock; mountain in distance
5x7 stereoscopic negative
24 Unidentified lake or river; mountains in background
3 5x7 stereoscopic negatives
24 Rock formation
5x7 stereoscopic negative
24 House
5x7 stereoscopic negative
24 View of partially cleared (logged?) hillside
5x7 glass negative
24 Road through logged hillside; river in background
5x7 glass negative
24 Waterfall
5x7 glass negative
49 Waterfalls
2 6.5x8.5 glass negatives
49 Footbridge over waterfall
5 6.5x8.5 glass negatives
One includes a person on a bridge.
49 Forest stream cascading over rocks
6.5x8.5 glass negative
49 Woman sitting on rocks in a stream; rock bridge in background
6.5x8.5 glass negative
49 Woman sitting next to a stream
6.5x8.5 glass negative
49 Young boys (skinny dippers) next to a creek
6.5x8.5 glass negative
1, 49 Man fishing in a river
print and 6.5x8.5 glass negative
49 Trees by a stream (soft focus)
2 6.5x8.5 glass negatives
50 Streams
3 6.5x8.5 glass negatives
50 Stream in wooded area in wintertime
6.5x8.5 glass copy negative
50 Small river
6.5x8.5 glass negative
50 Train and tracks next to a river
6.5x8.5 glass negative
50 Lake or river; a dock, a man in a boat, and a woman sitting on the bank
6.5x8.5 glass negative
50 House on a lake or river
6.5x8.5 glass negative
50 Rowboat at a riverbank
8x10 glass negative
50 Pond and small dam
6.5x8.5 glass negative
25 Rolling hills and wooded areas
2 5x7 glass negatives
50 Rolling hills, pastures, and farmsteads
6 6.5x8.5 glass negatives
51 Woman sitting on a hillside overlooking pastures
6.5x8.5 glass negative
25 Trees and hillside
5x7 glass negative
51 Trees and pastures
2 6.5x8.5 glass negatives
51 Trees and pasture; river and bridge in background
6.5x8.5 glass negative
51 Hillside pasture; Columbia River? bluffs in background
6.5x8.5 glass negative
25 Hillside with cut trees in foreground
5x7 glass negative
51 View of Columbia River? in distance from logged/burned forest area
6.5x8.5 glass negative
51 Views of towns and countryside
2 6.5x8.5 glass negatives
25 Small house next to wooded hillside
5x7 glass negative
25 Arts and Crafts style house with tile roof (street #274)
5x7 glass copy negative
25 Horse, pulling wagon, hanging from bridge
5x7 glass negative
25 Deer fawn
5x7 stereoscopic negative
25, 51 Man viewing river at sunrise or sunset, 1904
5x7 glass stereoscopic negative and 6.5x8.5 glass negative
25 Lily? flowers at base of tree
2 5x7 stereoscopic negatives
51 Rhododendrons
6.5x8.5 glass negative
25 Donkeys on a hillside
5x7 glass stereoscopic negative
25 Cannon barrel mounted on blocks of wood, Ft. Dalles?
5x7 stereoscopic negative
51 Grassland with hill in background
6.5x8.5 glass negative
51 Wooded roads and trails
2 6.5x8.5 glass negatives
51 Country lanes
2 6.5x8.5 glass negatives; one of the negatives is broken
60 Oregon coast scenes, circa 1920
8 8x10 nitrate negatives
Two negatives were removed from the collection in 2010 because of severe deterioration.
59 View of lake and mountains (Wallowas?)
11x14 glass copy negative

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Series XII:  Gifford Family, circa 1885-1919
104 glass negatives, 28 nitrate negatives, and 15 prints

Series XII consists of images of Gifford Family members including many formal portraits and informal photographs of Benjamin A. Gifford; images of Ralph Gifford as a child, youth, and young man; Benjamin's wives Myrtle and Rachel and their families; and groups of family members. Several images of the Gifford studio tent and wagon are included as well as Benjamin and Rachel Gifford's home, Wa-Ke-Nah, in Salmon River, Washington. Prints are included for only a few of the negatives. Two of the prints are original (period) prints; the remainder were made in the 1980s-1990s. Printouts of low-resolution scans for a few other negatives are available with the prints.

Container(s)
Description
Box
26 Wedding portraits? of Benjamin A. and Myrtle L. Gifford, circa 1884
2 5x7 glass negatives
26 Wedding portraits? of Mrs. B.A. (Myrtle L.) Gifford, circa 1884
2 5x7 glass negative
1, 26 Portrait of Mrs. B.A. (Myrtle L.) Gifford, circa 1896
2 prints and 2 5x7 glass negatives
26 Portrait of Myrtle L. Gifford in formal dress, circa 1890s
3 5x7 glass negatives with damaged emulsion along right edge
One image is #205.
26 Portraits of Ralph Gifford as a baby, circa 1894
4x6 & 5x7 glass negatives
1, 26 Portrait of Ralph Gifford as a child, circa 1896
2 prints and 5x7 glass negative
26 Ralph Gifford on "Snort", 1902
5x7 stereoscopic negative
26 Ralph Gifford standing next to a stream; "He told me he was in love with a girl when this was taken and she had jolted him", circa 1915
5x7 glass negative
No. 13
26 Ralph Gifford's Navy enlistment record and discharge documents, 1919
2 5x7 glass negatives
27 Portrait of Mrs. Ralph (Wanda Muir) Gifford, circa 1918
5x7 glass negative
No. 1
52 Portrait of Benjamin A. Gifford, circa 1885
8x10 glass negative
27 Portrait of Benjamin A. Gifford, circa 1890
5x7 glass negative
27 Portrait of Benjamin A. Gifford, circa 1890
several copies on 1 5x7 glass negative
27 Portraits of Benjamin A. Gifford, circa 1900
5 glass negatives (4x6 and 5x7)
27 Portraits of Benjamin A. Gifford, circa 1910
4 4x6 glass negative
60 "Trademark Profile Negative of B.A. Gifford", circa 1915
8x10 nitrate film negative
60 Portraits of Benjamin A. Gifford, circa 1915
5x7 nitrate film negative
1 Portrait of Benjamin A. Gifford mounted on a card, circa 1925
1x1 print on a 2x4 card
27 Portraits of Benjamin A. Gifford and a boy (Ralph Gifford?), circa 1910
2 4x6 glass negatives
27 Benjamin A. Gifford and young man (Ralph Gifford?) camping
5x7 stereoscopic glass negative
27 Benjamin A. Gifford and others in a camp
5x7 stereoscopic glass negative
28 Benjamin A. Gifford? and horse in front of studio tent
5x7 stereoscopic glass negative
Benjamin A. Gifford with 8x10 view camera, circa 1910
Box
28
3 4x6 glass negatives and 1 5x7 glass negatives
73, *
4 11x14 prints and 1 poster-size print
28 Benjamin A. and Ralph? Gifford, circa 1910
5x7 glass negative
28 Portrait of Benjamin A. Gifford, circa 1915
5x7 glass negative
Gifford no. 2159?
28 Benjamin A. Gifford standing on stump next to stream
5x7 glass negative
28 Benjamin A. Gifford standing on a riverbank, Central or Eastern Oregon
5x7 stereoscopic glass negative
28 Benjamin A. Gifford sitting on a cliff overlooking a gorge, Central or Eastern Oregon
5x7 stereoscopic glass negative
28 Benjamin A. Gifford, with camera, sitting on cliff overlooking a waterfall
5x7 stereoscopic glass negative
28 Benjamin A. Gifford standing at entrance to cave
5x7 glass negative
28 Myrtle Gifford? standing at entrance to cave
5x7 glass negative
Rachel Morgan Gifford
Box
28 Portraits, 1913 & 1914
2 5x7 glass negatives
28 Standing in front of bookcase
2 5x7 glass negatives
Wedding photos?
29 Standing next to table with silver coffee service
4 5x7 glass negatives
29 Sitting on log next to stream
2 5x7 glass negatives
60 Rachel Gifford standing next to rhododendron at Wa-Ne-Ka?
4x6 nitrate film negative
60 Portraits of Rachel Gifford, circa 1925
4 5x7 nitrate film negatives
29 "Mrs. Morgan" (Rachel Morgan's mother?), circa 1914
5x7 glass negative
29 Portrait of Seth and Margaret Jane Hamilton Morgan (Rachel Morgan's parents) Gifford
5x7 glass negative
No. 9824
29 Portrait of M.M. Peck (Myrtle Gifford's father?)
5x7 glass negative
29 Portrait of M.M. Peck? in a cap
4x6 glass negative
29 Portrait of Jessie Peck (Myrtle Gifford's sister?)
5x7 glass negative
29 Portrait of A.H. (Anson H.?, Benjamin A.'s uncle) Gifford
5x7 glass negative
No. 169
1, 29 Gifford studio tent, Central Oregon?, circa 1900
3 prints and 5x7 glass negative
29 Family group sitting in front of Gifford studio tent, Central Oregon?, circa 1900
5x7 stereoscopic negative
1, 30 Gifford photo wagon, Central Oregon?, circa 1900
1 print and 3 5x7 stereoscopic glass negatives
30 Gifford's wagon on Deschutes (river?), Shearer's Bridge, circa 1900
5x7 stereoscopic negative
30 Gifford wagon and family eating a picnic, Central Oregon?, circa 1900
5x7 stereoscopic negative
Unidentified images that are likely of Gifford family members
Box
16 Group in a camp; older man holding child (Ralph I. Gifford?)
4x5 glass negative
30 Man (Ben A. Gifford?) sitting on a rock, Central Oregon, circa 1900
5x7 stereoscopic negative
30 Myrtle L. Gifford?
3 4x6 and 4 5x7 glass negatives
7 images
30 Portrait of three women -- Myrtle Gifford, sister, and mother?
5x7 glass negative
30 Portrait of older woman (Myrtle Gifford's mother?)
5x7 glass negative
30 Portrait of a man in a cap, circa 1890
5x7 glass negative
No. 206; M.M. Peck?)
31 Myrtle L. and Ralph I. Gifford (as a child)?, circa 1896
3 5x7 glass negatives
31 Several portraits of a young boy (Ralph Gifford?), circa 1898
12 portraits on 1 4x6 glass negative with damaged emulsion
31 Portrait of Ralph Gifford?, circa 1900
4x6 glass negative
31 Portraits of Ralph I. Gifford?, circa 1915
2 4x6 glass negatives
31 Ralph I. Gifford? hiking
5x7 glass negative
31 Ralph I. Gifford? with a horse, circa 1920
5x7 glass negative
31 Wanda M. Gifford? standing next to a tree, circa 1920
5x7 glass negative
31 Three people sitting next to a house (Ralph, Wanda and Myrtle Gifford?)
5x7 glass negative
31 Two children on a porch
5x7 glass negative
31 Two children reading a newspaper on a window seat
5x7 glass negative
31 Three snapshot images of a woman
images copied onto 5x7 glass negative
31 Older man in hat and young boy (Myrtle Gifford's father and Ralph I. Gifford?)
2 4x6 negatives stuck together
31 Gifford family members?
2 5x7 negatives adhered together
52 Portraits of a man in a suit and hat; cigar in mouth
2 8x10 glass negatives
52 Woman sitting in a wicker rocker
8x10 glass negative
52 Portrait of an older man with a beard
8x10 glass negative
52 Portrait of a man with a beard
8x10 glass negative
52 Full length portrait of a woman holding an umbrella
8x10 glass negative
Wa-Ke-Nah, Gifford home in Salmon River, Washington
Box
60 15208: View of house and bridge over pond
8x10 nitrate film negative
60 15209: Toy boat in pond
8x10 nitrate film negative
60 15211: View of house, bridge and toy boat in pond
8x10 nitrate film negative
60 View of house, bridge and pond
5x10 nitrate copy negative
60 People on bridge next to house
8x10 nitrate film negative
60 Woman (Rachel Gifford?) on bridge next to house
6x8 nitrate film negative
31 View of home and grounds, circa 1920
4x6 glass negative
60 View of home and grounds, circa 1920
5 nitrate film negatives
1, 60 "Ice Garden," frozen fountain and pond, circa 1925
1 print and 8 nitrate film negatives
60 Troll statue fishing in pond, circa 1925
2 nitrate film negatives

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Series XIII:  Logos and mask charts, circa 1905 - circa 1920
9 glass negatives and mask charts and 1 nitrate negative

Series XIII consists of logos used by Gifford in his photography studios in The Dalles as well as at Wa-Ne-Ka. Mask charts were used to print or enlarge only a portion of a negative. Two of the charts in this series are Eastman Mask Charts.

Container(s)
Description
Box
14,32 Gifford photography logos
1 3x4 and 5 5x7 glass negatives
60 Wa-Ne-Ka logo
8x10 nitrate negative
32, 52 Mask charts
1 mounted on 5x7 glass; 2 mounted on 8x10 glass

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Series XIV:  Studio and formal portraits, circa 1905 - circa 1920
71 glass negatives and 2 prints

Series XIV consists of formal and studio portraits of individuals and groups, most of which are not identified. The portraits include children, women, and men; pets; groups; and weddings. Of special note is a formal portrait of an African-American man. A print of only one negative is included; the other print is for an image with no negative in the collection.

Container(s)
Description
Box
32 2159: Young girl
5x7 glass negative
32 3364: Two young girls with wooden bench
4x6 glass negative
32 11807: Man (Mr. Roe?) sitting in chair holding a baby
5x7 glass negative
1, 53 8782?: Portrait of Ezra Meeker?
modern print and 8x10 glass negative
32 Small child
5x7 glass negative
32 Little girl
4x6 glass negative
32 Young girl and baby
5x7 glass negative
32 Woman and two children
5x7 glass negative
32 Two women
5x7 glass negative
32 Young woman with guitar and stereopticon
5x7 stereoscopic glass negative
32 Young man
5x7 glass negative
32 Young man
4x6 glass negative with damaged emulsion
33 Man in overalls and hat smoking a pipe
4 5x7 glass negatives
33 Wedding couple and bride
3 5x7 glass negatives
53 Wedding ceremony and portrait of wedding party
2 6.5x8.5 glass negatives
Masked portraits
Box
33 Man and young child
5x7 glass negative
33 Young man
5x7 glass negative
33 Bodybuilder?
5x7 glass negative
33 Woman and young girl
5x7 glass negative
Copy negative of cabinet card photo from Germany.
33 Portrait of a woman
5x7 glass copy negative
33 Two women in winter coats and hats
5x7 glass copy negative
33 Portrait of an older woman
5x7 glass copy negative
33 Portrait of a man
5x7 glass copy negative
Gifford No. 242
33 Portrait of a cat on a pedestal
5x7 glass negative
33 Portrait of a dog, "Mackey," sitting on the edge of a chest of drawers
5x7 glass negative
53 Young man in Army uniform
2 6.5x8.5 glass negatives
53 Full length portrait of man in Army uniform
6.5x8.5 glass negative
53 Group of school children? (various ages)
2 6.5x8.5 glass negatives
53 Orchestra group, primarily children
6.5x8.5 glass negative
53 Woman in a swim suit
2 6.5x8.5 glass negatives
53 Nude sitting on the edge of a trunk (soft focus)
2 6.5x8.5 glass negatives
53 Young child on a wooden tricycle
2 images on one 6.5x8.5 glass negative
53 Young girl in coat and hat
6.5x8.5 glass negative
53 Woman holding a pointer
2 images on one 6.5x8.5 glass negative
54 Portraits of a woman (soft focus)
2 6.5x8.5 glass negatives
54 Portrait of an African-American? man
8x10 glass negative
54 Unidentified portraits of men, women, and children
13 6.5x8.5 glass negatives
Some with 2 images per plate.
59 Portrait of a man
11x14 glass negative
59 Portrait of a woman
11x14 glass negative
59 Group of men posed outside of office or government building, circa 1915
2 11x14 glass negatives
55 Group posed in front of a barn and hop vines?
2 6.5x8.5 glass negatives
55 Group of men posed on steps of and in front of a wooden building
6.5x8.5 glass negative
1 Brown Family at Salmon Creek; in Rachel's Sunday School class, circa 1920
print
55 Vase of rhododendrons
2 6.5x8.5 glass negatives
55 Piano in the parlor of a house
6.5x8.5 glass negative
55 Portrait of a fisherman's basket, rod, and catch
8x10 glass negative

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Series XV:  John Egan and wife camping, circa 1920
3 4x5 glass negatives

These images depict John Egan and his wife at a campsite. One of the images includes a dog. No prints of the negatives are included.

Container(s)

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Series XVI:  Unidentified informal portraits and other unidentified photos of people, circa 1905- circa 1920
88 glass negatives, 2 lantern slides, and 3 prints

Series XVI consists of unidentified informal portraits and photographs of individuals and groups. The images include children, women, and men as well as family groups. Prints are included for only one of the negatives; all were made in the 1980s-1990s. Printouts of low-resolution scans for a few other negatives are available with the prints.

Container(s)
Description
Box
34 Woman standing in front of a fir tree
2 5x7 glass negatives
34 Two women standing on the steps of a house
5x7 glass negative
34 Group of women standing in road next to wooded hillside and posed in a garden?
2 5x7 glass negatives
34 Young boy and baby on a porch swing
5x7 glass negative
34 Man and young girl on stairs
5x7 glass negative
34 Young boy on a donkey
5x7 stereoscopic glass negative
34 Man sitting on a park bench
5x7 glass negative
34 Two women and two children sitting on blanket under trees
2 5x7 glass negatives
34 Woman sitting on ground holding a baby
5x7 glass negative
34 Man on steps of Columbia County Courthouse
5x7 glass negative
34 Clowns
3 4x6 glass negatives
35 Group of soldiers posed in front of tents
5x7 glass copy negative
35 Study of human legs
5x7 glass negative
35 Man with baby next to stream?
5x7 glass negative
35 Two women; one in a wheelchair
5x7 glass negative
35 Men constructing bridge or road
5x7 glass negative
35 Two men with jackhammers
5x7 glass negative
35 Two men shoveling rocks into wheelbarrow
5x7 glass negative
35 Man and woman posed next to a desk
5x7 glass negative
35 Woman with three children on a porch
5x7 glass negative
35 Family group? on a porch
5x7 glass negative
35 Group gathered around a new grave in a cemetery
5x7 glass negative
35 Man in attic of a building?
5x7 glass negative
35 Two men (one a depot official?) standing next to a building
5x7 glass negative
35 Young couple seated in front of a window
5x7 glass negative with damaged emulsion
35 People on parade floats
3 5x7 glass negatives
36 Speedboat pulling rafter on lake?
5x7 glass negative
36 Two men standing next to machinery (boiler?)
5x7 glass negative
36 Young boy hunting in woods
5x7 stereoscopic glass negative
36 Two young men in front of wagon, "Wm. Gadsby & Sons, House Furnishers"
2 5x7 glass negatives; one is copy negative
In Portland, Oregon.
36 Man fishing in a stream
Group of people at entrance to a cave
Box
1
3 prints of one image
36, 55
2 5x7 stereoscopic glass negatives and 1 6.5x8.5 glass negatives
36 Group of people inside a cave?
5x7 stereoscopic negative
36 Group of people standing on rock formation, near cave entrance?
5x7 stereoscopic negative
36 Two women, at a window, talking
5x7 stereoscopic negative
36 Young man sitting at a table or desk resting his head on hand
5x7 glass negative
55 Three women sitting in front of a dining room buffet
6.5x8.5 glass negatives
2 images
55 Man in a suit on a horse
3 6.5x8.5 glass negatives
55 Man in a suit (same as above) holding horse's bridle
6.5x8.5 glass negatives
55 Old man next to a well, Ft. Dalles?
2 6.5x8.5 glass negatives
55 Man in a wagon on a street or road next to a house
2 6.5x8.5 glass negatives
56 Little girl and a pony
2 6.5x8.5 glass negatives
56 School classroom, circa 1905
2 6.5x8.5 glass negatives
56 Group at a dining table
6.5x8.5 glass negative
56 Set dining table
2 6.5x8.5 glass negatives
56 Old man and woman sitting in front of a house
2 5x8 stereoscopic glass negative
56 Young woman standing next to a tree and sitting in the woods
6.5x8.5 glass negatives
3 images
56 Young man and woman next to a tree in the woods
6.5x8.5 glass negative
56 Two people on horseback in front of two houses, Eastern Oregon?
6.5x8.5 glass negative
56 Mountain climbers in snow next to cabin or shelter
6.5x8.5 glass negative
56 Group of men in Shriner fezzes?
6.5x8.5 glass negative
56 Young boy on a porch holding a teddy bear
2 images on one 6.5x8.5 glass negative
56 Older woman sitting in a chair and holding a cat
6.5x8.5 glass negative
56 Man kneeling next to a child in a pedal car
6.5x8.5 glass negative
57 People swimming in a river (Columbia?); bridge in background
6.5x8.5 glass negative
57 Young woman standing in the bow of a boat at a riverbank
6.5x8.5 glass negative
57 Young woman standing in a rhododendron
6.5x8.5 glass negative
2 images
57 Three children standing in a rhododendron
57 Two women and two children sitting under a tree next to a path
6.5x8.5 glass negative
57 Young boy standing next to house and shrub
6.5x8.5 glass negative
57 Boy and dog sitting in a field
6.5x8.5 glass negative
57 Children in a field next to a rock piling
6.5x8.5 glass negative
57 Man on horseback, Central or Eastern Oregon?
6.5x8.5 glass negative
57 Gloved hand
6.5x8.5 glass negative
57 Funeral photo of a young woman
6.5x8.5 glass negative
57 Woman in a swimsuit standing in a doorway
6.5x8.5 glass negative
57 Group fishing in the ocean?, Oregon coast?
6.5x8.5 glass negative
57 Family group camping; child sitting in a Studebaker toy wagon
6.5x8.5 glass negative
16 Horse and carriage in front of building with sign "Bazar Lindbergh," Mexico?
2 lantern slide copies of a photo print

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Series XVII:  Damaged Glass Negatives, circa 1905 - circa 1920
16 glass negatives

These damaged glass negatives consist of images in which the emulsion is flaking, clouded, or scratched. Many of the negatives are affixed to other negatives in sets of 2 or 3. The images include some portraits of individuals as well as exterior views; however, the subjects cannot be determined.

Container(s)

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Subjects

  • Personal Names :
  • Gifford, Benjamin A.
  • Gifford, Ralph I.
  • Subject Terms :
  • Agriculture--Oregon.
  • Fishing--Oregon.
  • Indians of North America--Columbia Plateau.
  • Waterfalls--Columbia River.
  • Geographical Names :
  • Cascade Range.
  • Columbia River Highway (Or.)
  • Columbia River.
  • Dalles (Or.)
  • Hood, Mount (Or.)
  • Pacific Coast (Or.)
  • Portland (Or.)
  • Form or Genre Terms :
  • Film negatives.
  • Glass negatives.
  • Lantern slides.
  • Nitrate negatives.
  • Photographic prints.
  • Stereoscopic photographs.
    • Other Creators :
    • Gifford, Ralph I.

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