Guide to the G. M. Brandborg Papers
1909-1977

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Overview of the Collection

Creator: Brandborg, G. M., (Guy M.) 1893-1977
Title: G. M. Brandborg Papers
Dates: 1909-1977 ( inclusive )
Quantity: 14.5 linear feet
Collection Number: Mss 691
Summary: Papers of Guy M. "Brandy" Brandborg, long-time employee of the U. S. Forest Service, and Forest Supervisor of the Bitterroot National Forest from 1935-1955. The collection includes files related to Brandborg's interest in and activities related to wilderness, conservation, and watershed protection efforts in Montana, and two memorial scrapbooks documenting his activities in favor of sustainable timber harvesting and against extensive clearcutting.
Repository: University of Montana--Missoula
Maureen and Mike Mansfield Library
Archives and Special Collections

The University of Montana—Missoula
Missoula, MT 59812
406-243-2053
http://www.lib.umt.edu/asc
library.archives@umontana.edu

Languages: Materials are inEnglish 

Biographical Note

Guy M. "Brandy" Brandborg was born in Henning, Minnesota on March 3, 1893. In the summer of 1913, Brandborg came to Montana to work in Glacier National Park. That fall, he attended Forest Ranger School in Missoula, Montana and worked for the Forest Service during his summers. His first summer with the Forest Service was spent at the Earl Mountain Ranger Station near Choteau, Montana. After graduation in 1915, Brandborg worked on the Flathead National Forest.

After returning from Army duties during World War I, Brandborg moved to Idaho in 1924 to begin his professional career as a ranger in the Forest Service. He worked on the Nez Perce National Forest for ten years and was promoted from Ranger to Assistant Supervisor. Brandborg returned to Montana in 1935 and served as Forest Supervisor of the Bitterroot National Forest until his retirement in 1955.

Brandborg was active in education in his community throughout and following his tenure as Forest Supervisor. In addition to serving on the State Board of Education for eleven years, Brandborg assisted in developing a program for teaching conservation at Montana State University (now The University of Montana) in Missoula, and Montana State College (now Montana State University) in Bozeman. The program was run through the Montana Fish and Game Commission and the Montana University Extension Service. In 1958, he helped to organize the Montana Conservation Council, which provided a public forum for discussion of Montana’s natural resources and their sustainable use as well as conservation education in schools.

After his retirement, Brandborg witnessed excessive clearcutting and other land abuses on public forests and grazing land. He campaigned for a sustainable harvest of timber through letters to Montana congressmen, testifying before the United States House and Senate, letter campaigns and contributing to the formation of conservation organizations. In 1958, he helped organize the Montana Wilderness Association which was instrumental in the 1964 passage of the Federal Wilderness Act. In 1963, Brandborg and Doris Milner formed the Save the Selway Committee which, through legislation sponsored by Senators Frank Church and Lee Metcalf, helped establish two of the largest wilderness areas in the United States. Throughout the rest of his life, Brandborg and his wife Ruth worked tirelessly towards protecting wilderness and a policy of the sustainable harvesting of timber on public lands. Brandborg died in Missoula in 1977 at the age of 84.

Content Description

The collection has been organized into two series. Series I: Subject Files (1909-1977) includes subject files that have been arranged alphabetically, and then chronologically, largely reflecting the order in which they were maintained by Brandborg. Subject files typically consist of correspondence, memos, clippings, and/or notes. A few of the files contain photographs.

Although the collection reflects the variety of Brandborg’s activities and interests, many of the subject files document G. M. Brandborg’s work as Forest Supervisor on the Bitterroot National Forest and include internal newsletters and correspondence, information regarding fire policy, management plans, and financial data. Of particular interest are notes and a journal from Brandborg’s days at the Forest Ranger School in Missoula, Montana, from 1913-1915, and experimental cutting photographs on Lick Creek on the Bitterroot National Forest. In addition, the collection contains files related to the clearcutting crisis on the Bitterroot National Forest and Brandborg’s role in drawing attention to unsustainable logging practices. Materials are comprised of correspondence to various governmental agencies, House and Senate testimony from Brandborg and others, congressional correspondence with Montana Senators, logging reports and data, correspondence with various environmental groups, and clippings and articles.

Series II: Scrapbooks (1956-1977) includes two scrapbooks of clippings, created in memorial for Brandborg, related to clearcutting issues on the Bitterroot National Forest.

Use of the Collection

Restrictions on Access :  

Researchers must use collection in accordance with the policies of Archives and Special Collections, the Maureen and Mike Mansfield Library, and The University of Montana--Missoula.

Restrictions on Use :  

Researchers are responsible for using in accordance with 17 U.S.C. and any other applicable statutes. Non-exclusive copyright tranferred to The University of Montana.

Preferred Citation :  

[Name of document or photograph number], G. M. Brandborg Papers, Archives and Special Collections, Maureen and Mike Mansfield Library, The University of Montana-Missoula.

Administrative Information

Arrangement :

The files in this collection have been arranged into two series:

Series I: Subject Files, 1909-1977, 12 linear feet

Series II: Scrapbooks, 1956-1977, 2.5 linear feet

Acquisition Information :  

This collection was donated to the Archives by Stewart Brandborg, son of G. M. Brandborg, in

Processing Note :  

Materials were organized by the creator by subject rather than date or period in the creator’s life. The original order was retained as were the original folder titles. Some materials were duplicated by the creator and copies were filed in different folders. These duplicates were retained.

Related Materials :  

Archives & Special Collections also holds the papers of G. M. Brandborg's son, Stewart Brandborg.


Detailed Description of the Collection

Series I:  Subject Files, 1909-1977
Container(s)
Description
Box/Folder
1/1 1939 Pollinger Report on Forest Service Management Program, 1971
1/2-3 A National Forest Economy (2 folders), 1939-1972
1/4 Aldrich, Don, Executive Secretary of the Montana Wildlife Federation, 1967-1975
1/5 All-terrain Vehicle Uses, 1973-1976
1/6 American Forestry Association, 1953-1954
1/7 Analysis: State Land Departments, 1948-1959
1/8 Background Notes for Interview, 1977
1/9 Baucus, Max, Correspondence, 1975-1976
1/10 Bell, J. Fredrick, Letters, 1976
1/11 Birth of Yellowstone National Park, Bert Hanson, 1963
1/12 Bitterroot Lawsuit and the Organic Act, 1976
1/13 Bitterroot Management Direction, 1969-1973
2/1 Bitterroot Multi-use Environmental Plans, 1970-1973
2/2 Bitterroot National Forest Management Plans, 1941-1943
2/3 Bitterroot National Forest Multiple Use Plan, 1940
2/4 Bitterroot National Forest Multiple Use Plan, 1972
2/5 Bitterroot Road Plan, 1976
2/6-7 Bitterroot Task Force Study Team (2 folders), 1959-1970
2/8 Boesch, Mark and Brigham, Morton, 1973-1974
2/9 Bolle Report, 1971-1975
2/10 Brandborg, Guy M., Notes From Ranger School, undated
3/1 Brandborg, Guy M., Statements to the Environmental Protection Agency, 1973-1976
3/2 Brandborg, Guy M., Talks Notes, 1947-1953
3/3 Brant, Irving; Hainsworth, Brad; Irion, Clyde, 1970-1976
3/4 Bureau of Land Management, 1964-1975
3/5-6 Burk, Dale A. (2 folders), 1965-1976
3/7 Burk, Dale A., American Motor Conservation Award, 1970-1972
3/8 Burnt Fork Planning Unit, 1973
3/9 Camp Tolin, 1972-1973
3/10 Carter, Jimmy Clippings and Articles, 1976
3/11 Church and McGovern, 1970-1975
3/12 Citizen Responsibility in Conservation, 1950-1954
3/13 Civilian Conservation Corps, 1972
3/14 Civilian Conservation Corps, 1975
3/15 Clark, Will, 1964-1967
4/1 Clauser, Don, 1963-1964
4/2 Clearcutting, 1972-1976
4/3 Clippings, 1950-1958
4/4 Clippings, Miscellaneous, 1974 and undated
4/5-6 Clippings, Miscellaneous (2 folders), 1975-1976
4/7 Coalition to Save our National Forests, 1976
4/8 Colorado Wilderness Court Case, 1967-1971
4/9 Committee for Better Forestry, 1970-1971
4/10 Common Cause and John Gardner, 1970-1972
4/11 Community and Resource Management, 1968 and undated
4/12 Congressional Record, Appendix and Data, 1963-1964
4/13 Conservation Articles, 1963-1967
5/1 Conservation Education, 1948-1959
5/2 Conservation Education, 1951-1954
5/3 Conservation Education Committee, Montana State Legislature, 1951-1954
5/4 Conservation and the Selway Wilderness, 1958-1967
5/5 Conservation by Sportsmen Culbs, 1957-1975
5/6 Controlled Burning on the Bitterroot, 1966
5/7 Correspondence, Miscellaneous Controversy, 1972-1974
5/8 Correspondence, Miscellaneous Politician, 1972-1974
5/9 Correspondence, Montana Wildlife Federation, 1952-1962
5/10 Correspondence, Personal, 1972-1976
5/11 Correspondence, Politicians, 1976-1977
5/12 Correspondence, National Forest Issues, 1954-1975
5/13-14 Correspondence, Wildlife Management Institute, Educational Program, 1949-1953
5/15 Edward Crafts and Philip Handler, 1972
6/1-2 John Craighead, Grizzly Bear Study , 1970-1975
6/3 County Education and Organization, 1941-1951
6/4 Culver and Risser, 1971-1972
6/5-6 William Cunningham, Thesis: The Magruder Corridor Controversy, a Case History (2 folders), 1968-1972
6/7 Cutting Reports Fact Sheet, 1958-1971
6/8-9 Dakota Environmental Council Incorporated , 1969-1973
6/10 Kenneth P.Davis, President of the Society of American Foresters, 1970
6/11 Department of Agriculture Appraisal of the Forest Service, 1955
6/12 Department of Agriculture Employee Handbook, circa 1940
6/13 Bernard DeVoto, 1962-1973
6/14 Dirty Dozen Campaign, 1976
6/15 Division of Range Research, 1935-1954
6/16 Education Program, 1958 and undated
7/1 Environmental Information Center, 1973-1976
7/2 Environmental Program for the Future, 1973-1976
7/3 Environmental Quality, 1963-1970
7/4 Brock Evans, Northwest Representative for the Sierra Club, 1970-1976
7/5 Extension Fish and Wildlife Specialist-Job Description, 1958
7/6-7 Extension Reports, 1954-1965
7/8 Extension Wildlife Educational Program, Joseph Severy, 1949-1957
7/9 Farm Data, 1969-1972
7/10 Federal Lands, 1946-1953
7/11 Federation of Western Outdoor Clubs, 1964-1977
7/12 Fish and Game Commissioners, 1956-1957
8/1 Barry Fisher, Sierra Club, 1973
8/2 Forest Financial Data, 1951-1953
8/3 Forest History, Pinchot Material, 1943-1963
8/4 Forest Program and Practices, "old", 1927-1948
8/5 Forest Service Fire Policy, 1934-circa 1950
8/6 Forest Service Friday Newsletter, 1976
8/7 Forest Service Regional Program Emphasis and Notes, 1971-1977 and undated
8/8 Forest Supervisor Daniels, 1972-1974
8/9 Forestry in the State of Montana, 1953
8/10 Forestry Problems, undated
8/11 Forestry Seminar Panel in the Humanities, 1973
8/12 Freedom of Access to Information Act, 1954-1965
8/13 Friends of the Earth, 1973-1975
8/14 Mike Fromme, Articles and Letters, 1971
8/15 Gallatin National Forest Issues, 1976
8/16 General Wildlife Articles, 1936-1941
8/17 Glacier Peak Wilderness Area, 1957-1958
8/18 Governor Judge, 1954-1973
9/1 Grazing Data and Correspondence, 1947-1952
9/2 Great Bear Wilderness, 1972-1973
9/3 John Green, Environmental Protection Agency, 1970-1975
9/4 Guthrie, Kenworthy, Stegner, 1970-1975
9/5 Floyd Haskell, Senate Interior Committee Correspondence, 1976
9/6 John Harris, Montana State University Extension Program, 1964-1968
9/7 Hearing Statements, 1970-1971
9/8 Laney Hicks, Report, 1970
9/9 History of Conservation, 1947 and undated
9/10-11 History of Montana Education Program, 1952-1962
9/12 House Resolution 13832, 1976
9/13 Blair Hutchinson and Thatcher Hubbard, 1972
9/14 Idaho Forest Industry Council, 1972-1975
10/1 Idaho State Federation Reports, 1950-1952
10/2 Kauffman Report, Libby, 1941-1948
10/3 Kelly Creek Fire, Nez Perce National Forest, 1939
10/4 Kootenai National Forest, 1974
10/5 Land Ethic, 1967-1974
10/6 Land Law Policy Review Commission, 1965-1968
10/7 Land Management Act, 1975-1977
10/8-9 Land Use Bulletins, 1935-1951
10/10 Land Use Planning, 1940-1976
11/1 Law, 1973-1974
11/2 League of Women Voters, 1975-1976
11/3 John Leshy, Natural Resources Defense Council, Correspondence, 1975-1976
11/4 Letters to Editor and Guy M. Brandborg Statements, 1974-1976
11/5-8 Lick Creek Experimental Cutting Photographs and Notes (4 folders), 1909-1961
11/9 Lincoln Back Country, 1968
11/10 List of Recommended Conservation Reading, 1957-1965
12/1 Logging in the Boundary Waters Canoe Area, 1974
12/2 Russell G. Lynch, Conservation Journalist, 1970
12/3 Magruder Corridor, 1967-1971
12/4 Magruder Corridor, Save the Selway, 1964-1965
12/5 Management Plan for the Bitterroot Working Circle, 1940
12/6 Mike Mansfield, Correspondence, 1969-1975
12/7 McCall Wilderness Hearing, 1961
12/8 Michael McCloskey and the Sierra Club, 1963
12/9 Gale McGee, 1971-1973
12/10 William Meiners and Resource Management, 1972-1976
12/11 Ernest Melby, 1953-1972
12/12 John Melcher Correspondence, 1976
12/13 Clifton Merritt Correspondence, 1971-1975
13/1-3 Lee Metcalf, 1965-1976
13/4 Lee Metcalf, 1974-1975
13/5 Miles Romney and the Sidney Hillman Prize Awards, 1965-1966
13/6 Tom Miller, 1974-1975
13/7 Mission Montana: Selway and Lochsa, 1969
13/8 Monongahela Decision, 1974-1975
13/9 Monongahela Decision, 1976
13/10-11 Montana Conservation Council, 1958-1961
13/12 Montana Conservation Council , 1959-1963
14/1 Montana Conservation Council History, 1959
14/2 Montana Conservation Council Interviews, 1959-1960
14/3 Montana Conservation Council and Land Use Planning, 1941-1965
14/4 Montana Conservation Council Leadership Statement, 1959-1963
14/5-6 Montana Council Grant Material, 1949-1957
14/7 Montana Historical Society, 1970
14/8 Montana League of Conservation Voters, 1971-1975
14/9 Montana Outdoors Article, not Published, 1976
14/10 Montana State Legislature, 1949
14/11 Montana State University, 1976
14/12-13 Montana State University Wildlife Extension Program, 1951-1957
14/14 Montana State University Wildlife Extension Program History, 1953-1968
14/15-16 Montana Study, early correspondence , 1942-1952
15/1-3 Montana Wilderness Association, 1962-1976
15/4 Montana Wilderness Association , 1963-1968
15/5 Montana Wildlife Federation, 1954-1960
15/6-8 Montana Wildlife Federation, 1962-1967
16/1 Moose Creek Timber Sale Area, 1971-1975
16/2 National Forest Land Management Practices, 1968-1976
16/3-7 National Forest Management Act Conference Reports and Testimony, 1975-1976
16/8 National Geographic Society, 1975-1976
16/9 National Wilderness Waterway, 1962
16/10 Nature Conservancy, 1976
16/11 Nature Notes Newsletters, 1937-1941
16/12 Newsletters and Booklets, Miscellaneous, 1972-1976
16/13 Richard Nixon and Forest Practices Act, 1972-1973
16/14 North American Wildlife Conference, 1954
16/15 Northern Rockies Action Group, 1976
17/1 Northwest Wilderness Conference, 1970
17/2 Gus Norwood Address to Annual Montana Farmer Labor Institute, 1961
17/3 Notes, undated
17/4 Oakes and Other Conservationists, 1963-1967
17/5 Arnold Olsen Correspondence, 1960-1970
17/6 Operation Grassroots Newsletters, 1974
17/7 Outdoors Unlimited, 1970
17/8 Dick Pattison Correspondence, 1963-1964
17/9 Personnel Training, 1941-1955
17/10 Pesticides, 1963-1965
17/11 Photographs, undated
17/12 Pinchot, Lucas, Rahm, Correspondence, 1970-1972
17/13 Pinchot-National Resources Defense Council, 1972-1974
17/14 Plans Notes, undated
18/1 Pollution, 1955-1960
18/2 Population and Wilderness Articles and Statements, 1936-1970
18/3 Predator Control, 1965
18/4 President’s Advisory Panel on Timber and the Environment, 1971-1974
18/5 Proposed Back Country Policy, undated
18/6 Ravalli County Agricultural Resource Conservation Program, 1950
18/7 Ravalli County Fish and Wildlife Association Educational Program, 1951-1961
18/8 Ravalli County Hunting and Fishing, 1958-1974
18/9 Ravalli County Timber Report, 1953-1973
18/10 Reader’s Digest, 1971-1975
18/11 Scott Reed, 1969-1973
18/12 Region 1 Reports, Steve Yurich, Regional Forester, 1971-1972
18/13 Reports of the Chief of the Forest Service, 1933-1949
19/1 Resource Conservation and Development Program, 1967-1974
19/2-4 Resource Management in Ravalli County , 1940-1954
19/5 Resource Planning Act, 1975-1976
19/6 Roadless Areas Road Program, 1972-1973
19/7 Rock Creek Controversy, 1971
19/8 Miles Romney, 1974-1976
19/9 Theodore Roosevelt and Resource Conservation, 1958
19/10 Salmon River and Idaho Primitive Areas, 1973
19/11 Earl Sanvig Correspondence, 1947-1976
20/1 Earl Sanvig Correspondence, 1947-1976
20/2 Save the Selway, 1964-1967
20/3 School of Administrative Leadership, 1969-1970
20/4 Don Schwennesen, 1975-1976
20/5 Scotchman's Peak Wilderness Study Area, 1976
20/6 Selway, 1959-1970
20/7 Selway, 1962-1969
20/8-9 Selway, 1963-1967
21/1-3 Selway, 1964-1967
21/4 Senate Bill 393, 1975
21/5 Senate Bill 1734, 1970-1971
21/6 Senate Hearing Statements, 1959-1963
21/7 Senate Statement, 1971
21/8 Senator Dale Bumpers and Governor Jimmy Carter, 1976
21/9 Shoop, Melcher, 1971-1973
21/10-11 Sierra Club Staff Forester Gordon Robinson Letters, 1954-1976
21/12 Henry Skranak, Libby, Montana, 1973-1975
22/1 Society of American Foresters, 1971-1975 and 1929
22/2 Sociology and Forest Management, 1968-1975
22/3 Soil Conservation Service, 1975-1976
22/4 Soil Interpretations for Use in Planning, 1959-1971
22/5 Soils Lecture by the United States Department of Agriculture, 1948
22/6 Sounding Board, 1968
22/7 State Forestry, 1972-1973
22/8 Students and Politics, 1971 and undated
22/9 Subcommittee on Public Lands, 1970-1976
22/10-12 Submitted Hearing Statements, 1970-1971
22/13 Talks, 1954 and undated
23/1 Talks, Guy M. Brandborg Notes, 1968-1970
23/2-3 Talks, Notes, and Speeches, 1934-1942 and undated
23/4 Talk at the University, 1971
23/5 Talks, Wildlife, 1946-1954
23/6 Talks, Wildlife Conservation, 1935-1955
23/7 Taxation and the Forest Service, 1939-1954
23/8 Otto Teller, 1965-1979
23/9 Timber Analysis, 1941-1968
23/10 Timber Fact Sheets, 1951-1953
23/11 Timber Harvest Data, 1966-1975
23/12 Timber Salvage in Montana-John McGuire, 1974
24/1 Timber Supply Act, 1969
24/2 Timber Supply Bill, 1969-1970
24/3 Timber Tax Committee, 1941-1956
24/4 United States Department of Agriculture Council Plan for Ravalli County, 1952-1953
24/5 University of Montana School of Forestry Study on Forestry Practices on the Flathead National Forest, 1974
24/6 University of Montana Wildlife Extension Program, 1976 and undated
24/7 University People, 1972
24/8 Vessey Correspondence, 1967
24/9 Wambach's Study, 1972-1975
24/10 Water, 1962-1969
24/11 Water in the Bitterroot Valley, 1965-1978
24/12 Martin Weeks, 1975-1976
24/13 Western Regional Conference for Wilderness Issues, 1974
24/14 Wheat Farm Domestic Allotment, 1972-1974
24/15 Wild and Scenic Rivers Act, 1969-1973
24/16 Wild Missouri, 1969
24/17 Wild Rivers Bill, 1965
24/18-19 Wildlife Educational Program, 1954-1959
24/20 Yale Press Material, 1945-1952

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Series II:  Scrapbooks, 1956-1977
Description
25: Scrapbook, 1956-1977
26: Scrapbook, 1956-1977

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Subjects

This collection is indexed under the following headings in the online catalog. Researchers desiring materials about related topics, persons, or places should search the catalog using these headings.

    • Corporate Names :
    • United States. Forest Service--Officials and employees
    • Geographical Names :
    • Bitterroot National Forest (Mont. and Idaho)
    • Subject Terms :
    • Clearcutting--Bitterroot National Forest (Mont. and Idaho)
    • Forest conservation--Bitterroot National Forest (Mont. and Idaho)
    • Forest management--Bitterroot National Forest (Mont. and Idaho)
    • Logging--Environmental aspects--Bitterroot National Forest (Mont. and Idaho)
    • Form or Genre Terms :
    • Scrapbooks
      • Occupations :
      • Conservationists--Northwest, Pacific.
      • Forest rangers--United States.

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