Guide to the United Brotherhood Of Carpenters And Joiners Of America, Local #88 (Anaconda) Records
1889-1967

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Overview of the Collection

Creator: United Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners of America, Local 88 (Anaconda, Mont.)
Title: United Brotherhood Of Carpenters And Joiners Of America, Local #88 (Anaconda) Records
Dates: 1889-1967 ( inclusive )
Quantity: 13 linear feet of shelf space
Collection Number: MC 194
Summary: Records of the Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners of America, Local #88 in Anaconda, Montana, consist of general correspondence (1890s-1950s); minute books (1889-1965); daybooks (1896-1964); membership dues books (1896-1965). Also included are records of Deer Lodge Local #1229; the Montana State Council of Carpenters; the national union; the Montana State Federation of Labor/Montana State AFL-CIO; the Montana Apprenticeship Council; and the Non-Ferrous Metals Council.
Repository: Montana Historical Society Archives

225 N. Roberts
PO Box 201201
Helena MT 59620-1201
(406) 444-4774
mhslibrary@mt.gov

Languages: English 
Sponsor: Funding for encoding this finding aid was provided through a grant awarded by the National Endowment for the Humanities.

Historical Note

The United Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners of America was founded in 1881 by Peter J. McGuire and Gustav Luebkert. In April of that year the two men formed a provisional committee and started the newspaper The Carpenter to promote the idea of a national union of carpenters. The first convention of the Brotherhood was held in Chicago in August of 1881. Like many unions of the period the Brotherhood grew out of a tradition of social democracy and socialism. The early preamble reflected this in its call for a "Cooperative Commonwealth" with trade unions as its cornerstone. The union's immediate goals included wage and hour demands and death and sickness benefits. The union grew rapidly; its 1881 membership of 2000 expanded to 50,000 by 1890, and 100,000 by 1900. In May 1889 an organizational meeting was held in Anaconda, Montana, to form a local carpenters' union. The first formal meeting of the new Local #88, of the United Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners of America was held on June 6, 1889 by nine charter members. Anthony Blise was elected president and George Owen, recording secretary. The reform ideology of the national union was reflected in the local bylaws, the preamble to which stated that "We hold it as a sacred duty to posterity to use our utmost endeavor to replace the present wage system by cooperative industry and to claim our inalienable right to the means of living which are inherent in the soil." The Anaconda local bylaws fined members for patronizing Chinese businessmen. Both the preamble and the anti-Chinese clause were eliminated in later bylaws. The union's main concerns were promoting the eight hour day, protecting wages, providing sick and death insurance, enforcing union shop conditions, and protecting the jurisdiction of the union against other unions. In 1915 the carpenters formed a statewide organization, the Montana State Council of Carpenters, to coordinate the work of all the locals in Montana. The carpenters' union was also active in the Montana State Federation of Labor, the Montana State AFL-CIO, the Montana State Apprenticeship Council, and the Non-ferrous Metals Council. The latter was a joint negotiating team of unions in the regional copper industry.

Content Description

This collection consists of records of the United Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners of America, Local #88 (Anaconda). In addition there are smaller subgroups of records for Deer Lodge Local #1229, the Montana State Council of Carpenters, the national union, the Montana State Federation of Labor/Montana State AFL-CIO, the Montana State Apprenticeship Council, and the Non-ferrous Metals Council. The Anaconda Local #88 records include incoming and outgoing correspondence (1895-1966); financial records (1896-1965), including daybooks, hall rental ledgers, and membership dues records; minutes (1889-1965); organizational records (1894-1958), including bylaws and membership applications; reports (1895-1967), including sick committee reports and a report of the local walking delegate regarding union and non-union jobs around Anaconda; subject files (1938-1957), including a jurisdictional dispute with the Brotherhood of Maintenance of Way Employees over carpenters employed by the Butte, Anaconda, and Pacific Railway; and miscellany. Records of the smaller subgroups include Deer Lodge Local #1229 financial records (1956-1965), minutes (1961-1966), and organizational records (1965); national union financial records (1905-1928), legal documents (1931-1953), minutes (1904, 1936, 1955-1957), and organizational records (1903, 1929-1941); \b Montana State Council of Carpenters correspondence (1956-1957), financial recoeds (1939-1967), legal documents (1956), and minutes (1949-1957); \b Montana Apprenticeship Council\b0 correspondence (1941-1947), minutes (1942-1946), annual reports (1942, 1946), and miscellany; \b Montana State Federation of Labor/ AFL-CIO\b0 financial records (1956-1961) and minutes (1957); and \b Non-ferrous Metals Council\b0 minutes (1952), organizational materials (1951-1952), and legal documents (1951-1952). [Printed material has been transferred to the Library. Montana State Federation of Labor/ AFL-CIO materials were transferred to the Montana State AFL-CIO Records.]

Administrative Information

Arrangement :

by series

Acquisition Information :  Acquisition Information:

available upon request


Detailed Description of the Collection

The following section contains a detailed listing of the materials in the collection

United Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners of America, Local 88 (Anaconda, Mont.)
Container(s)
Description
Dates
Incoming Correspondence
Box/Folder
1 / 1 Miscellaneous (includes appeals from national unions; U.S. Industrial Commission) 1895-1904
1 / 2 Miscellaneous (includes founding manifesto of Industrial Workers of the World [IWW] and American Federation of Labor [AFL]; proposed incorporation of Anaconda union hall) 1905-1906
1 / 3 Miscellaneous (includes resignation of local officers; proposed split in local union) 1907
1 / 4 Miscellaneous (includes appeals from other unions; charges against member for violating bylaws) 1908
1 / 5 Miscellaneous (includes World War I; relations with other unions) 1914-1931
1 / 6 Miscellaneous (includes jurisdictional issues; teachers union at University of Montana; hours of work at Anaconda Copper Mining Company) 1935-1939
1 / 7 Miscellaneous (includes World War II production; anti-labor legislation; forest fire; Building and Metal Trade Council; lumber workers' strike in Columbia Falls; Unemployment Compensation Commission of Montana ruling re unemployment benefits for strikers) 1940-1942
1 / 8 Miscellaneous (includes World War II and post-war labor changes; relations with Anaconda Copper Mining Company and Montana State Hospital; dispute between Texas local and national union) 1943-1948
1 / 9 Miscellaneous (includes relations with Anaconda Copper Mining Company; non-union carpentry work; changes in local bylaws, relations with Montana State Hospital; State Council of Carpenters; jurisdictional issues; apprenticeship) 1949-1950
1 / 10 Miscellaneous (includes Montana State Federation of labor circular letters; UBCJA withdrawal from AFL; former member's complaint against local) 1951-1953
1 / 11 Miscellaneous (includes work on Anaconda schools; state game farm at Warm Springs; "right-to-work" laws) 1954-1966
1 / 12 Sympathy thank-you notes n.d.
1 / 13 Telegrams (re jurisdictional matters) 1892, 1946-1950
Outgoing Correspondence
Box/Folder
1 / 14 Miscellaneous (includes union activities by University of Montana professors; cost of living; Japanese workers; relations with Anaconda Copper Mining Company and Montana State Hospital; non-union carpentry work in Anaconda) 1939-1950
1 / 15 Miscellaneous (includes dispute with Andrew Tuss re non-union labor; internal matters; relations with other unions, etc.) 1951-1965
Miscellaneous Correspondence
Box/Folder
1 / 16 Anaconda Building and Metal Trades Council to National Labor Relations Board (re negotiations with Anaconda Copper Mining Company) 1963
Financial Records
Box/Folder
2 / 1 Auditor's monthly reports 1897-1927
2 / 2 Bills, receipts, etc. [sampled] 1895-1944
2 / 3 Cash book 1941-1950
2 / 4-8 Day books 1896-1904, 1910-1922
3 / 1-8 Day books 1922-1942
4 / 1-11 Day books 1942-1952
5 / 1-11 Day books 1952-1961
6 / 1-3 Day books 1961-1964
6 / 4 Financial Secretary's monthly reports 1897, 1920-1925
6 / 5 Hall rental ledger (also includes raffle ticket receipts, 1912-1918) 1903-1906
6 / 6 Hall rental ledger (also includes list of members in good standing, n.d.) 1906-1929
6 / 7 Hall rental ledger (also includes lists of officers, 1937-1943) 1930-1938
6 / 8 Journal 1950-1957
7 / 1-4 Members' dues record (includes age, initiation date, residence) 1896-1909
8 / 1-4 Members' dues record 1910-1916
9 / 1-4 Members' dues record 1917-1925
10 / 1-4 Members' dues record 1926-1938
11 / 1-4 Members' dues record 1939-1946
12 / 1 Members' dues record (includes age, initiation date, residence) 1946-1948
12 / 2-6 Members' dues record: A-H 1950-1965
13 / 1-6 Members' dues record: I-Sm 1950-1965
14 / 1-3 Members' dues record: So-Z 1950-1965
14 / 4-5 Monthly report to Carpenters' State Council of Montana 1920-1923, 1938=1940
14 / 6 Officers' bond applications and bond reports 1939, 1960
14 / 7 Per capita tax to national union 1892
15 / 1-5 Quarterly account sheets (lists members, clearance cards granted, members in arrears, etc.) 1950, 1955-1959
16 / 1 Reports to National Labor Relations board [NLRB] 1957
16 / 2 Reports to Unemployment Compensation Commission of Montana 1941-1960
16 / 3 Reports to U.S. Dept. of Labor 1957-1959
16 / 4 Treasurer's cash book 1905-1906
16 / 5 Treasurer's remittance blank 1920-1926
16 / 6 Treasurer's reports 1897-1898
16 / 7 Trustees' financial reports 1897-1898, 1904-1908
16 / 8 U.S. Internal Revenue Service employee's tax return 1936-1960
16 / 9 U.S. Internal Revenue Service return of tax-exempt organization 1949, 1954
Hearings
Box/Folder
16 / 10 Hearing beford Nonferrous Metals Commission of the National War Labor in the matter of the Anaconda Copper Mining Company and the Building and Construction Trades Dept., AFL and the Metal Trades Council, AFL 1942
Legal Documents
Box/Folder
16 / 11 Agreements between Anaconda Copper Mining Company and the Building and Construction Trades Council, et al. 1936-1956
16 / 12 Agreements with Montana Power Company 1937
16 / 13 Agreements with building contractors 1948-1963, n.d.
16 / 14 Lodge hall license 1935
Minutes
Box/Folder
16 / 15 Executive committee minutes Feb.-June 1933
16 / 16-17 Minute books May 1889- Aug. 1895
17 / 1-4 Minute books Sept. 1895- June 1906
18 / 1-4 Minute books (1908-1909 includes sick committee reports, 1924-1929) July 1906- July 1916
19 / 1-5 Minute books July 1916- Sept. 1932, Nov. 1935- May 1941
20 / 1-4 Minute books May 1941- July 1954, Sept.1958- June 1965
20 / 5 Committee reports, etc. [removed from minute books] 1895
20 / 6 Resolutions [removed from minute books] 1897-1962
20 / 7 Resolutions of respect for deceased members [removed from minute books] 1892, 1907-1944
Organization
Box/Folder
21 / 1 Bylaws 1929, 1947, n.d.
21 / 2-5 Membership applications: A-Y 1894-1896, 1900
21 / 6-10 Membership applications 1914-1916, 1928-1948
21 / 11 Suspended and transferred members' membership applications 1958
21 / 12 Vote of Local #88 on national union constitutional amendements 1896, 1950, 1954
Printed Material
Box/Folder
21 / 13 List of printed material transferred to Library
Reports
Box/Folder
21 / 14 Report of walking delegate (re union and non-union carpentry work being done) 1895
21 / 15 Sick committee reports (see minute book 1908-1909 for reports 1924-1929) 1918-1923
22 / 1-2 Sick committee reports 1929-1967
Subject Files
Box/Folder
22 / 3 Charles Johnson case (re arbitration in dispute between Park Motors of Anaconda and several unions) 1938
22 / 4-5 Jurisdictional dispute with Brotherhood of Maintenance of Way Employees to represent carpenters employed by Butte, Anaconda and Pacific Railway Company 1938-1955, 1957
Miscellany
Box/Folder
22 / 6 Affidavit of Ben Goodman (re employment of Anaconda Copper Mining Company carpenters after hours) 1953
22 / 7 American Federation of Labor bulletins (re Taft-Hartley Act) 1947
22 / 8 American Federation of Labor constitution and outline 1903
22 / 9 Anaconda Copper Mining Company carpenter shop seniority lists 1942-1951
22 / 10 Charity appeals 1940s
22 / 11 Directory of labor organizations in Montana 1947
22 / 12 List of carpentry shops using union label 1952
22 / 13 Petition to Montana legislature for initiative and referendum ca. 1905
22 / 14 Report on Institute on the New Labor Law (re Landrum-Griffin Bill) 1959
22 / 15 "Statement of grievance of Robert Kedey concerning the action of certain members of Local Union #88 of Anaconda, Montana" 1906
22 / 16 Trade rules of Local #88 1947, 1953
22 / 17 "Unfair list" (re non-union shops) 1905
22 / 18 World War II programs and politics 1942-1943
22 / 19 Miscellaneous (blank forms, union cards, credentials, song sheet, invitations, etc.) 1905-1957, n.d.

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United Brotherhood Of Carpenters And Joiners Of America, Local #1229 (Deer Lodge)
Container(s)
Description
Dates
Financial Records
Box/Folder
23 / 1 Bond reports 1961-1965
23 / 2-4 Check and deposit registers 1956-1966
23 / 5 Savings book 1955-1966
23 / 6 U.S. Internal Revenue Service return of tax exempt organization 1960-1964
Minutes
Box/Folder
23 / 7 Minute book 1961-1966
Organization
Box/Folder
23 / 8 Lists of officers and members' roll call Aug.-Sept. 1965

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United Brotherhood Of Carpenters And Joiners Of America, (National Union)
Container(s)
Description
Dates
Financial Records
Box/Folder
23 / 9 Financial statements of general secretary 1905-1908, 1928
23 / 10 Union supplies price lists 1950-1951
Legal Documents
Box/Folder
23 / 11 Jurisdictional agreements with other building trades unions 1931-1953, n.d.
Minutes
Box/Folder
23 / 12 General convention proceedings 1904, 1936
23 / 13 General Executive Board minutes 1955, 1957
23 / 14 Sixth District Conference minutes, Seattle, Wash. 1953
Organization
Box/Folder
23 / 15 Constitution and bylaws 1929-1941
23 / 16 "Plan of amalgamation of the United Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners of America and the Amalgamated Society of Carpenters and Joiners" 1903
Miscellany
Box/Folder
23 / 17 "Current Information" newsletter 1948-1955, 1960
23 / 18 Statement of General Executive Board (re withdrawal from AFL over jurisdictional problems) 1953

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Montana State Council Of Carpenters
Container(s)
Description
Dates
Outgoing Correspondence
Box/Folder
23 / 19 Miscellaneous 1956
Financial Records
Box/Folder
24 / 1-4 Audit reports (lists of employers and their carpenters union employees) 1966-1967
24 / 5-7 Eligibility reports (lists of union members in good standing statewide) 1966-1967
24 / 8 Employer reporting status 1966-1967
25 / 1 Financial reports 1939-1957
Legal Documents
Box/Folder
25 / 2 Contract with Montana Contractors' Association 1956
Minutes
Box/Folder
25 / 3-7 Convention minutes 1949, 1956-1958, 1961
25 / 8 Executive committee minutes 1957
Organization
Box/Folder
25 / 9 Convention program 1938
25 / 10 Proposed changes in constitution and bylaws 1956
Reports
Box/Folder
25 / 11 Reports to local unions 1956

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Montana State Apprenticeship Council
Container(s)
Description
Dates
General Correspondence
Box/Folder
25 / 12 Miscellaneous 1941-1947
Financial Records
Box/Folder
25 / 13 Suggested budgets 1947-1949
Minutes
Box/Folder
25 / 14 Minutes and agendas 1942-1946
Reports
Box/Folder
25 / 15 Annual reports 1942, 1946
25 / 16 "Report...on the appointment of the Montana State Apprenticeship Council as the qualifying agency for establishments to train on-the-job veterans in trades below apprenticeship levels" 1945
Miscellany
Box/Folder
25 / 17 Certificate of appreciation [OVERSIZE] n.d.
25 / 18 Legislative bills re apprenticeship n.d.
25 / 19 "Lists of approved industrial establishments to train veterans in the apprenticeship trades...under G.I. Bill" 1945-1947
25 / 20 Standards of apprenticeship 1941, 1956
25 / 21 U.S. Dept. of Labor Apprenticeship Training Service materials 1946-1947
25 / 22 Washington State Apprenticeship Council materials 1942
25 / 23 Western states carpenter, cabinet, and millmen apprenticeship contest 1959
25 / 24 Qualifications for members: list of apprenticeable trades; approval of industrial institutions; etc. 1947, n.d.

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Non-ferrous Metals Council
Container(s)
Description
Dates
Minutes
Box/Folder
25 / 25 Minutes 1952
Organization
Box/Folder
25 / 26 Constitution; bylaws 1951-1952
Miscellany
Box/Folder
25 / 27 Exerpts from contracts with copper companies (re job classification and wage scales) 1951-1952

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Subjects

  • Anaconda (Mont.)
  • Apprentices
  • Chinese
  • Deer Lodge (Mont.)
  • Genealogy
  • Labor unions--Carpenters
  • World War, 1939-1945--War work

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