Guide to the Ashmore Family papers
1850-1937

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Overview of the Collection

Creator: Ashmore family
Title: Ashmore Family papers
Dates: 1850-1937 ( inclusive )
Quantity: 15.75 linear feet (25 containers)
Collection Number: Ax 564
Summary: The Ashmore Family papers are divided according to family member and also by medium. This collection consists of correspondence, writings by and about William and Lida Ashmore and other members of their family, memorabilia, photographs, and Chinese artwork.
Repository: Special Collections and University Archives, University of Oregon Libraries

1299 University of Oregon
Eugene, Oregon, 97403-1299
(541) 346-3068
spcarref@uoregon.edu

Languages: Collection materials are in English. 
Sponsor: Funding for encoding this finding aid was provided through a grant awarded by the National Endowment for the Humanities.

Historical Note

William Ashmore, Jr. was born to William, Sr. and Martha Sanderson on September 28, 1851 in Bangkok, Siam where his father was a Baptist missionary to Chinese emigrants from the Swatow District of South China. William, Jr. learned to speak English, Chinese, and Siamese while growing up. His brother Frank was born December 21, 1853. Martha Ashmore became ill in 1858 causing the family's return to the United States; she died enroute. William, Jr. and Frank were raised by her family in the following years, first on their Grandfather Daniel Sanderson's farm in Brookline, Massachusetts and then with their Aunt Carrie Sanderson Spalding in Warren, Rhode Island, while their father acted as missionary to the Swatow District.

William began attending Brown University in 1866, at the age of fifteen, and graduated in 1870, third in his graduating class and also the youngest member. He studied several languages, including French, German, Greek, and Latin. After graduating, he was a teacher, first at Peddie Institute in Hightstown, New Jersey and later at Shurtleff College in Alton, Illinois and at Brown. He traveled in Europe during the interim. In 1876 he enrolled at the Rochester Theological Seminary, graduating in 1879. In Rochester, William studied Hebrew. He received an honorary Doctor of Divinity degree from Brown in 1905.

Following his marriage to Lida Scott on October 10, 1879, William Ashmore, Jr. embarked upon a Baptist missionary career in his father's territory, the Swatow District, which encompassed 46 years. During this time he fathered two children, Edith, born May 27, 1882 and Frank, born January 5 1885. In addition to his duties as administrator and teacher at the mission, William, Jr. used his knowledge of and aptitude for language to translate the Bible into Swatow's Tei-chi dialect. He began this translation early in his missionary career, the first mention was in 1895. The New Testament was completed in the spring of 1898. The final, complete version was translated predominately from 1920 to 1926.

William retired from overseas duties in 1926 to Santa Ana, California. There he lived out his final days finishing his translation and interacting with missionaries. He died March 11, 1937.

Lida Scott was born in Waterford, Michigan, west of Detroit on January 19, 1852 to George and Abigail Hart. She attended Kalamazoo College for a short while before returning home to teach. In 1876, she married Albert Lyon, who was an acquaintance of William Ashmore via the Rochester Theological Seminary. Together they embarked upon a mission in Bhamo, a city near the border of Burma and China. A month after arriving in Bhamo, Albert Lyon died from a fever. Lida returned to the U. S. as soon as possible, teaching in Rangoon while awaiting her departure. She returned to Michigan, where she became reacquainted with William Ashmore, Jr. They married shortly thereafter in order to accompany each other on the upcoming mission to Swatow.

During her years of missionary service in Swatow, Lida was a teacher, administrator, particularly during William's absences into the remote parts of the district, and Red Cross volunteer. She was a painter, seamstress, and gardener. She developed an art program for some of the women of the Swatow District. Their drawings on materials generated income and revenue for the mission. Lida wrote a book detailing her mission's history, The South China Mission of the American Baptist Foreign Mission Society. She died in Santa Ana, California on June 6, 1934.

Edith Ashmore, the daughter of William, Jr. and Lida Scott, was born in Swatow May 27, 1882. She and her brother Frank moved to the United States in 1895 where they were raised in a home for missionary children in Morgan Park, Illinois, outside Chicago. Edith graduated from Vassar College in 1906 and later worked at the University of Chicago library. She married Charles Elder August 10, 1916. They had two children, Rachel and Philip, and moved to Boulder, Colorado. Charles died May 22, 1935. Edith relocated to Albany, Oregon and later married Fred Hensolt. Edith stands out primarily as a purposeful collector of her family's papers.

William Ashmore, Sr. was born in Putnam, Ohio on December 25, 1824. He graduated from Granville College in 1845 and from the Western Baptist Theological Institution in Covington, Kentucky in 1848. In 1850, he married Martha Sanderson of Brookline, Massachusetts and they embarked for missionary duties in South China. After Martha died, William, Sr. married Eliza Dunleavy during a furlough in 1863; Eliza died in 1885. In 1890, he married Mrs. Charlotte Brown, widow of a Japanese missionary. William's missionary career lasted until 1903 and he is remembered as an exuberant pioneer of Baptist missions in South China. With William, Jr., he founded the Ashmore Theological Seminary, a college for preachers in Swatow. He died on April 21, 1909 and was buried in the College Cemetery in Granville, Ohio. Most of his records are located at the Denison University library in Granville.

Zar Scott was the brother of Lida Ashmore. He was born in Waterford, Michigan on October 25t 1848. He owned a lumber company in Duluth, Minnesota for most of his life. He contributes to this collection his correspondence with the Ashmores and correspondence with other missionaries in the Scott family, notably Job and Helen Scott.

Content Description

The Ashmore Family Papers are divided into eight series, according to family members and also by medium. Generally, this collection consists of correspondence, writings by and about William and Lida Ashmore and other members of their family, memorabilia, photographs, and artwork. Some of the most important pieces are those that highlight William, Jr.'s achievements as a translator and member of a long history of missionary service in South China. The antiquated diaries and possessions of this family stand out. Lida's collection of Chinese artwork is interesting and speaks to her own abilities as a missionary.

Series I, the William Ashmore, Jr. Papers, contain papers of and pertaining to the missionary and translator. Subseries A, Correspondence, contains letters from 1874 to 1937. Most of the letters were sent to his daughter, Edith. The earliest letters, 1874-1879, are to his friend T. G. Field; they precede William's missionary experience. From 1927 forward the letters do not address the subject of missions, focusing on family and daily life. A good index to the topics of William's letters is located in the letter extracts of William and Lida in Series VI, A. There are many references to missionary life and work, Chinese culture, and the military turbulence of the early 20th century. Subseries B contains William Ashmore's diaries from 1873-1874, 1907, and 1935-1937. The earliest diary accounts William's trip to Europe, traveling and studying languages. The latter periods consist of terse entries in a "line a day" diary. Subseries C consists of biographical information in the form of Edith's notes and compiled letter extracts, biographical articles, and news clippings. There is a variety of material centered around William's 75th birthday and translation completion, his 80th birthday, and his death, including William's own essays on his translation, a proofreading manuscript of the Swatow Bible, and obituaries. Subseries D, Writings, contains William's missionary tracts, newspaper articles, graduation oration, whole sermons, sermon notes, and a key to his shorthand. Subseries E, Ephemera, consists of miscellaneous articles such as report cards, diplomas, passports, trip mementos, and a piece of Lida's wedding dress. Subseries F, Swatow Bible, contains a printed copy of William's bible translated into the Tei-chi dialect of South China.

Series II, the Lida Scott Ashmore Papers, contain Lida's correspondence, diaries, biographical information, missionary publications, scrapbook, and oil paintings. Subseries A, Correspondence, is made up of her outgoing correspondence, predominately to her children, Edith and Frank, with a number of letters addressed to Lida's brother, Zar Scott. The letter extracts of William and Lida contain a guide to the most interesting subjects of her letters, for instance, her work as a missionary, a director of Chinese drawn drawn work in Swatow, and her work for the Red Cross. Subseries B, Diaries, contains journals, Edith's baby book, and a diary of her first husband, Albert Lyon. Lida's journal of 1877-1878 details her first trip to Asia with Albert Lyon and her return following his death. The journals of 1913-1914 cover a trip to Burma. The diary of 1921-1922 consists of terse "line a day" entries and the final diary of 1924-1928 covers the final tour in Swatow and the return to Santa Ana, California. Albert's two-volume diary details his trip to Europe during 1873. Subseries C, Biography, contains biographical notes compiled by Edith, like family trees and lists of dates, and Lida's autobiography. The autobiography contains many details of her youth, her voyages, and her missionary work, including her hand in developing the "drawn work" industry in South China. It is 115 pages in length; the first 82 pages were written by Lida, the rest being completed by William after her death. Subseries D, Publications, consists of two copies of Lida's book covering the history of the Swatow mission, one hardcover and one soft cover. Subseries E, the Scrapbook, is collection of colorful Chinese paper and art. It contains prints, colored paper, wrapping paper, invitations (to a variety of dignified events), cards, and envelopes. Subseries F, Artwork, consists of Lida's oil paintings of Chinese and various subjects, as well as a painting and drawing originally located with Frank Ashmore's papers.

Series III, the Edith Ashmore Hensolt Papers, contain some of Edith's correspondence and diaries. Subseries A, Correspondence, consists of one outgoing letter to Zar Scott and many incoming pieces. Most of the incoming correspondence is from Edith's friend Leslie Kosmopolous. Leslie's earliest letters are from her travels in Europe and the latter are from her residence as a missionary in Greece. There is a letter from Ethel Ashmore, Frank's wife, regarding William's death. Subseries B, the Diaries, is from 1895 and 1906-1907. The first covers a journey from Swatow to Chicago and the latter a round trip journey to Swatow from Chicago, including Boston, San Francisco, and Hawaii.

Series IV, the William Ashmore, Sr. Papers, contains two items of correspondence, writings, official documents, hymnals, and a diary of his first wife. Subseries A, Correspondence, contains two letters written to William, Jr., one in praise of his success and one in consolation over a broken engagement. Subseries B, Writings, consists of a religious tract, entitled "My Four Bibles," a description of William, Sr.'s difficulty with the Chinese, "The Ashmore Land Case," and a copied inscription of a book dedicated to William, Jr. Subseries C, Hymns, contains two pentatonic hymn books used by Ashmore in Swatow and a single sheet of music. The hymnals are in the Tei-chi dialect of Swatow. Subseries D, Diary, contains the sea journal of Ashmore's first wife, the mother of William, Jr., Martha Sanderson. The diary details their journey to South China and Siam by steamer in the winter of 1850-1851. Subseries E, Artwork, contains a small oil painting of Martha.

Series V, the Zar Scott Papers, are comprised of correspondence collected by Lida's brother Zar regarding the Scott family. Most significant to this collection are the letters from Job (J. H.) and Helen Scott, a missionary couple in Osaka, Japan. Unrelated to missionaries, but nonetheless intriguing, are Harold Scott's letters from the war front during World War I. There is also a collection of correspondence between William Ashmore, Jr., Zar, and a questionable businessman, Carey Emerson.

Series VI, Miscellaneous, contains a variety of correspondence, news clippings, religious pamphlets, biographical information, and mementos collected by Edith and the rest of the Ashmore family. Subseries A, Correspondence, contains later letters from unrelated missionaries in Swatow and Asia, letter extracts pertaining to Frank Ashmore, and the letter extracts of William and Lida. The missionary letters were written during the 1940s and 1950s, during the second Sino-Japanese War and describe the rise of communism and describe the turmoil of that era. Frank Ashmore's letter extracts are excerpts from the original letters of this collection copied and compiled by Edith in order to produce a biography of her brother's life, some original letters are included. William and Lida's letter extracts, also prepared by Edith, center on a thorough listing of the subjects of their letters. An index is located at the beginning of this section. Subseries B, News Clippings, was compiled by Edith and contains news about Asia and Asian missions. Most of the clippings are organized around the city of a mission's location, mostly in Japan. There are several editions of a Baptist periodical, The Watchmen Examiner, noteworthy because the edition of March 26, 1925 has an article about the Swatow Mission and the Ashmores, detailing many of their successes. Subseries C, Pamphlets, contains some advertisements and religious tracts from missions in Japan. Subseries D, the Ashmore Family Biography, contains biographical notes on the other members of the family. There is also a religious tract for the Swatow mission, compiled by William Jr. and Sr., as well as a biographical article in a Baptist Quarterly describing the successes of the father and son. Subseries E, Chinese characters on study cards.

Series VII, Photographs, contains many photos that depict the Ashmore family. Subseries A, 75th Birthday Party Photograph, consists of a portrait of William and Lida originally located with William's 75th Birthday collection. Subseries B, Photos from Leslie Kosmopolous, consists of photographs originally included with Edith's incoming letters from Leslie Kosmopolous, predominately pictures of Leslie's son, Elias. Subseries C, Scott Family Photos, contains photographs from the Zar Scott Papers, included with Job Scott's letters. There are photos of Job, and other Scotts, during the time of their missions in Japan and an interesting photo of Job with two of his sons dressed in their military uniforms. Subseries D, William Ashmore, Sr.'s Photos, contains photographs originally located with William, Sr.'s collection, taken of the members of his third wife's family. Subseries E, Loose Photos from Album, consists of photographs loosely contained within the Ashmore photo album. It contains pictures of William and Lida, other family members, and friends in various states of repose, on voyages, at parties, and in portraits. There are several small photos of William's birthplace in Siam and one with the construction of the Ashmore Theological Seminary. Subseries F, Family Photo Album, contains many portraits of the families of William, Jr. and Sr., pictures in various locales, on furlough, vacation, at work, and with other missionaries. Subseries G, William Ashmore, Sr. Family Images, is made up of daguerreotypes, a tintype, and a printing block of William Ashmore, Sr. and Martha Sanderson Ashmore.

Series VIII, Oversize, contains collections of Chinese artwork and more of the Ashmore's photo albums. Subseries A, Artwork, contains a collection of stories with illustrations called 24 Examples of Filial Piety and drawings by students in a Chinese government school. Apparently the filial piety stories are traditional stories more than 700 years old. They depict moralistic scenes of children honoring parents and are accompanied by English translations. The five government school drawings were drawn by Chinese students and obtained by Lida in Hu City (Chaochowfu). Subseries B, Photographs, consists of four photo albums of Ashmore vacations. One album contains pictures from William and Lida's extended furlough in Minneapolis from 1887-1891; William was recuperating from malaise. There are two albums of photos from Japan. One contains tinted photos from 1883 and colored pictures from the 1900s and one contains photos from Karuizawa, circa 1900. There is an album of pictures from Siam, circa 1900. Subseries C, Documents, contains two relics, William, Sr.'s passport and land deed. Subseries G, Encased photographs of the Ashmores.

Series IX, Artifact, contains a sample of Martha Sanderson's wedding dress.

Use of the Collection

Restrictions on Access :  

Collection is open to the public.

Collection must be used in Special Collections & University Archives Reading Room.

Restrictions on Use :  

Property rights reside with Special Collections & University Archives, University of Oregon Libraries. Copyright resides with the creators of the documents or their heirs. All requests for permission to publish collection materials must be submitted to Special Collections & University Archives. The reader must also obtain permission of the copyright holder.

Archival material may contain materials with sensitive or confidential information that is protected under federal and/or state right to privacy laws and other regulations.

Researchers are advised that the disclosure of certain information pertaining to identifiable living individuals represented in this collection without the consent of those individuals may have legal ramifications (e.g. a cause of action for invasion of privacy may arise if facts concerning an individual's private life are published that would be deemed highly offensive to a reasonable person) for which the University of Oregon assumes no responsibility.

If a researcher finds sensitive personal information in a collection, please bring it to the attention of the reading room staff.

Preferred Citation :  

[Identification of item], Ashmore Family Papers, Ax 564, Special Collections & University Archives, University of Oregon Libraries, Eugene, Oregon.

Administrative Information

Arrangement :

Collection is organized into the following series: Series I. William Ashmore, Jr. Papers; Series II. Lida Scott Ashmore Papers; Series III. Edith Ashmore Hensolt Papers; Series IV. William Ashmore, Sr. Papers; Series V. Zar Scott Papers; Series VI. Miscellaneous; Series VII. Photographs; Series VIII. Oversize; and Series IX. Artifact.

Custodial History :  

Gift of Edith Ashmore Hensolt in 1968.

Processing Note :  

Collection processed by staff.

This finding aid may be updated periodically to account for new acquisitions to the collection and/or revisions in arrangement and description.


Detailed Description of the Collection

Series I:  William Ashmore, Jr. papers, 1873-1937
Container(s)
Description
Dates
Suberies A1: Outgoing correspondence 1874-1937
Box
Folder
1 1 Letters August 21, 1874-December 25, 1895
1 2 Letters January 20, 1896-December 19, 1897
1 3 Letters January 23, 1898-April 24, 1900
1 4 Letters December 7, 1900-February 16, 1904
1 5 Letters May 27, 1904-May 3, 1908
1 6 Letters June 8, 1908-September 21, 1911
1 7 Letters May 27, 1912-April 11, 1921
1 8 Letters April 15, 1921-July 19, 1928
1 9 Letters July 29, 1928-November 6, 1933
1 10 Letters June 18, 1934-October 8, 1934
1 11 Letters October 14, 1934-October 17, 1935
1 12 Letters November 24, 1935-March 1, 1936
1 13 Letters March 8, 1936-September 6, 1936
1 14 Letters September 13, 1936-January 10, 1937
1 15 Outline of Letters to T. G. Field January 17, 1937-March 9, 1937
Subseries A2: Incoming correspondence
Box
Folder
1 16 Letters: Ethel Ashmore-George Waters undated
Subseries B: Diaries 1873-1937
Box
Folder
2 1 Diary of Trip to Europe 1873-1874
2 2 Diary from Swatow and Santa Ana, CA 1907 1935-1937
Subseries C: Biographical Data
Box
Folder
2 3 Biography: Birth - William and Lida's departure for China
2 4 Biography: Journey to China - Bible translation
2 5 Biography: Bible translation - Death
2 6 Biographical Notes (1 of 2)
2 7 Biographical Notes (2 of 2)
2 8 75th Birthday/Translation completion
2 9 80th Birthday
2 10 Death Notes
Subseries D: Writings Undated
Box
Folder
2 11 Writings (1 of 2)
2 12 Writings (2 of 2)
Subseries E: Ephemera
Box
Folder
2 13 Ephemera (1 of 2)
2 14 Ephemera (2 of 2)
Subseries F: Swatow Bible
Box
3 Swatow Bible

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Series II:  Lida Scott Ashmore papers, 1873-1937
Container(s)
Description
Dates
Subseries A: Outgoing correspondence 1881-1934
Box
Folder
4 1 Letters October 6, 1881-October 4, 1896
4 2 Letters 18961005-18970801
4 3 Letters August 19, 1897-December 2, 1897
4 4 Letters December 13, 1898-March 12, 1898
4 5 Letters April 4, 1898-July 15, 1898
4 6 Letters September 15, 1898-January 22, 1899
4 7 Letters January 28, 1899-April 23, 1899
4 8 Letters May 30, 1899-September 26, 1902
4 9 Letters September 30, 1902-December 2, 1902
4 10 Letters December 3, 1902-February 22, 1903
4 11 Letters February 27, 1903-April 1, 1903
4 12 Letters April 5, 1903-May 17, 1903
4 13 Letters May 20, 1903-October 28, 1903
4 14 Letters November 6, 1903-January 25, 1904
4 15 Letters November 6, 1903-January 28, 1904
4 16 Letters February 12, 1904-May 5, 1904
4 17 Letters May 8, 1904-November 5, 1904
4 18 Letters November 17, 1904-January 8, 1905
4 19 Letters January 15, 1905-March 12, 1905
4 20 Letters March 20, 1905-May 14, 1905
4 21 Letters May 21, 1905-July 23, 1905
4 22 Letters July 26, 1905-September 24, 1905
4 23 Letters November 26, 1905-May 26, 1906
5 1 Letters May 27, 1906-July 25, 1907
5 2 Letters July 30, 1907-September 8, 1907
5 3 Letters September 15, 1907-November 21, 1907
5 4 Letters November 22, 1907-January 26, 1908
5 5 Letters March 1, 1908-June 15, 1908
5 6 Letters June 24, 1908-August 9, 1908
5 7 Letters August 14, 1908-October 31, 1908
5 8 Letters November 10, 1908-February 5, 1909
5 9 Letters February 25, 1909-June 20, 1909
5 10 Letters August 10, 1909-December 13, 1909
5 11 Letters June 18, 1910-April 16, 1911
5 12 Letters April 23, 1911-October 2, 1911
5 13 Letters October 8, 1911-December 19, 1911
5 14 Letters December 24, 1911-March 13, 1912
5 15 Letters March 17, 1912-May 12, 1912
5 16 Letters May 18, 1912-October 20, 1912
5 17 Letters October 27, 1912-February 15, 1913
5 18 Letters February 23, 1913-May 18, 1913
6 1 Letters May 25, 1913-August 15, 1913
6 2 Letters August 26, 1913-November 29, 1913
6 3 Letters December 9, 1913-March 1, 1914
6 4 Letters March 9, 1914-May 17, 1914
6 5 Letters May 24, 1914-August 8, 1914
6 6 Letters August 15, 1914-November 13, 1914
6 7 Letters November 23, 1914-February 12, 1915
6 8 Letters February 21, 1915-June 7, 1915
6 9 Letters June 13, 1915-September 19, 1915
6 10 Letters October 3, 1915-January 18, 1916
6 11 Letters January 25, 1916-April 9, 1916
6 12 Letters April 17, 1916-June 30, 1916
6 13 Letters July 9, 1916-September 24, 1916
7 1 Letters October 26, 1916-December 9, 1917
7 2 Letters December 15, 1917-June 23, 1918
7 3 Letters June 20, 1918-February 16, 1919
7 4 Letters February 23, 1919-June 22, 1919
7 5 Letters June 29, 1919-August 31, 1919
7 6 Letters September 7, 1919-December 16, 1919
7 7 Letters January 1, 1920-April 23, 1920
7 8 Letters May 3, 1920-July 11, 1920
7 9 Letters July 25, 1920-October 18, 1920
7 10 Letters October 24, 1920-December 23, 1920
7 11 Letters January 15, 1921-May 17, 1921
7 12 Letters May 23, 1921-April 9, 1922
7 13 Letters April 16, 1922-October 1, 1922
7 14 Letters October 8, 1922-January 28, 1923
7 15 Letters February 4, 1923-May 20, 1923
8 1 Letters June 3, 1923-October 21, 1923
8 2 Letters October 28, 1923-December 16, 1923
8 3 Letters January 6, 1924-March 30, 1924
8 4 Letters April 13, 1924-June 22, 1924
8 5 Letters June 29, 1924-September 29, 1924
8 6 Letters October 5, 1924-January 4, 1925
8 7 Letters January 11, 1925-April 12, 1925
8 8 Letters April 19, 1925-June 8, 1925
8 9 Letters June 13, 1925-July 29, 1925
8 10 Letters August 9, 1925-November 1, 1925
8 11 Letters November 8, 1925-February 7, 1926
8 12 Letters February 14, 1926-April 25, 1926
8 13 Letters May 2, 1926-July 18, 1926
8 14 Letters July 25, 1926-November 27, 1926
8 15 Letters December 5, 1926-February 27, 1927
8 16 Letters March 7, 1927-June 19, 1927
8 17 Letters June 28, 1927-October 23, 1927
9 1 Letters October 16, 1927-December 6, 1927
9 2 Letters December 18, 1927-March 11, 1928
9 3 Letters March 18, 1928-June 2, 1928
9 4 Letters June 5, 1928-November 1, 1928
9 5 Letters November 11, 1928-April 7, 1929
9 6 Letters April 14, 1929-June 9, 1929
9 7 Letters June 20, 1929-July 28, 1929
9 8 Letters August 4, 1929-December 29, 1929
9 9 Letters January 5, 1930-May 18, 1930
9 10 Letters May 25, 1930-November 23, 1930
9 11 Letters November 30, 1930-April 12, 1931
9 12 Letters May 24, 1931-September 27, 1931
9 13 Letters October 4, 1931-March 6, 1932
9 14 Letters March 13, 1932-July 17, 1932
9 15 Letters July 24, 1932-November 13, 1932
9 16 Letters November 20, 1932-March 26, 1933
9 17 Letters April 2, 1933-November 12, 1933
9 18 Letters December 8, 1933-April 16, 1934
9 19 Letters April 23, 1934-May 27, 1934
Subseries B: Diaries 1873-1928
Box
Folder
10 1 Diary of First Trip to Burma October 24, 1877-December 26, 1877
10 2 Diary from Burma December 27, 1877-September 11, 1878
10 3 Diary from Burma January 14, 1878-November 11, 1878
10 4 Diary from Trip to Burma November 24, 1913-January 9, 1914
10 5 Diary from Swatow and Buena Park, California January 1, 1921-August 12, 1922
10 6 Diary from Swatow and Santa Ana, California 19240101-19281231
10 7 Edith's Baby Book Undated
11 1 Diary of Albert Lyon's Trip to Europe, v. 1 1873
11 2 Diary of Albert Lyon's Trip to Europe, v. 2 1873
Subseries C: Biography undated
Box
Folder
11 3 Biographical Notes
11 4 Autobiography
Subseries D: Publications undated
Box
Folder
11 5 History of South China Mission (hardcover)
11 6 History of South China Mission (soft cover)
Subseries E: Scrapbook Undated
Box
Folder
12 1 Scrapbook
Subseries F: Artwork Undated
Box
Folder
13 1 Oil Painting: Hakka Boats
13 2 Oil Painting: Hakka Boats and Grove
13 3 Oil Painting: Boat
13 4 Oil Painting: Child with Butterfly
13 5 Oil Painting: Indians
13 6 Oil Painting: Chinese Fruit
13 7 Drawing: Farmhouse
13 8 Painting: Flowers

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Series III:  Edith Ashmore Hensolt papers, ca. 1895-1953
Container(s)
Description
Dates
Subseries A1: Outgoing correspondence 1881-1934
Box
Folder
14 1 Letter to Zar Scott
Subseries A2: Incoming correspondence 1881-1934
Box
Folder
14 2 Letters from Frank Ashmore - L. Kosmopolous October 24, 1906-December 11, 1909
14 3 Letters from Leslie Kosmopolous September 16, 1910-September 7, 1911
14 4 Letters from Leslie Kosmopolous May 30, 1920-August 16, 1921
14 5 Letters from Leslie Kosmopolous August 16, 1922/March 30, 1924
14 6 Letters from Leslie Kosmopolous July 18, 1926
14 7 Letters from Leslie Kosmopolous July 10, 1927
14 8 Letters from Leslie Kosmopolous March 24, 1930-September 7, 1931
14 9 Letters from Leslie Kosmopolous February 2, 1940-March 12, 1941
14 10 Letters from Leslie Kosmopolous March 16, 1941/February 6, 1953
Subseries B: Diary 1881-1934
Box
Folder
14 11 Diary from Swatow to Chicago April 28, 1895-August 1, 1895
14 12 Diary of Round-trip from Chicago to Swatow July 6, 1906-August 26, 1907

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Series IV:  William Ashmore, Sr. papers, ca. 1895-1953
Container(s)
Description
Dates
Subseries A1: Outgoing correspondence ca. 1850-1908
Box
Folder
14 13 Letters to William, Jr. July 19, 1879 March 16, 1908
Subseries B: Writings Undated
Box
Folder
14 14 Religious Tract, "Bring of the Fish Ye Have now Caught," and Book Inscription
14 15 Religious Treatise, "My Four Bibles"
14 16 Autobiographical Business Story, "The Ashmore Land Case"
Subseries C: Hymns Undated
Box
Folder
14 17 Pentatonic Swatow Hymnal
14 18 Pentatonic Swatow Hymnal
14 19 Hymn with translation
Subseries D: Diaries 1850-1851
Box
Folder
15 1 Sea Journal of Martha Sanderson Ashmore 1850-1851
Subseries E: Artwork Undated
Box
Folder
15 2 Oil Painting of Martha Sanderson Ashmore

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Series V:  Zar Scott papers
Container(s)
Description
Dates
Subseries A1: Outgoing correspondence June 1, 1921
Box
Folder
15 3 Letter: June 1, 1921
Subseries A2: Incoming correspondence Undated
Box
Folder
15 4 Letters: Albert Scott - Harold Scott
15 5 Letters: Helen Scott - Job Scott
15 6 Letters: Job Scott
15 7 Letters: Job Scott - Wiley
Subseries A3: Miscellaneous correspondence Undated
Box
Folder
15 8 Letters Surrounding Ashmore Business Deals
Subseries B: Miscellaneous Undated
Box
Folder
15 9 Chinese Check, News Clipping, Missionary Pamphlet

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Series VI:  Miscellaneous
Container(s)
Description
Dates
Subseries A1: Missionary correspondence Undated
Box
Folder
15 10 Missionary letters
Subseries A2: Frank Ashmore Letter Extracts ca. 1912-1915
Box
Folder
15 11 Biographical Notes, Letter Extracts to April 23, 1912
15 12 Letter Extracts April 28, 1912-June 15, 1915
Subseries A3: William and Lida Ashmore's Letter Extracts Undated
Box
Folder
15 13 Index, Letter Extracts: Animals - Buildings
15 14 Letter Extracts: Canton - Chinese
15 15 Letter Extracts: Chinese Women - Compound Care
15 16 Letter Extracts: Conferences - Country Work
15 17 Letter Extracts: Dentist - Education
15 18 Letter Extracts: Education - Family Separation
15 19 Letter Extracts: Fighting
15 20 Letter Extracts: Flowers - Gunboats
15 21 Letter Extracts: Hakka - Hong Kong
15 22 Letter Extracts: House Cleaning and Repair - Human Nature
15 23 Letter Extracts: Insects - Lida Scott Ashmore
15 24 Letter Extracts: Mail - Medical
15 25 Letter Extracts: Medical - Publication Work
15 26 Letter Extracts: Red Cross - Shanghai
15 27 Letter Extracts: Shipping and Coast Trip - Social Life, Chinese
15 28 Letter Extracts: Social Life, Missionary - Swatow City Work
15 29 Letter Extracts: Tennis - Thai Yong
16 1 Letter Extracts: Thai Yong - Trouble in Country
16 2 Letter Extracts: Transport - Weather
16 3 Letter Extracts: William Ashmore, Jr., Living Alone - Miscellaneous
Subseries B: News Clippings Undated
Box
Folder
16 4 News Clippings
16 5 News Clippings
16 6 News Clippings
16 7 News Clippings
16 8 News Clippings
16 9 News Clippings
16 10 News Clippings
16 11 News Clippings
16 12 News Clippings
16 13 News Clippings from Photo Album
Subseries C: Pamphlets Undated
Box
Folder
16 14 Pamphlets and Ads
16 15 Pamphlets
Subseries D: Ashmore Family Biography undated
Box
Folder
16 16 Biographical Notes, Pamphlet about the Ashmore Theological Seminary
16 17 Biography of William, Jr. and Sr. in Baptist Publication
Subseries E: Chinese Characters on study cards undated
Box
16a Chinese characters with Romanized translations for learning Chinese

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Photographs (PH336) Container Summary
Container(s)
Description
Box
1 Tintype & daguerreotype
2 Albums
3 Prints

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Series VII:  Photographs (PH336), 1887-1935
3.0 linear feet
Ashmore family
Container(s)
Description
Dates
Subseries A: Photo from 75th Birthday Undated
Box
Folder
17 1 Portrait of William and Lida
Subseries B: Photos from Leslie Kosmopolous Undated
Box
Box
3 17 Elias Kosmopolous
3 17 Elias Kosmopolous
3 17 Elias Kosmopolous
Subseries C: Scott Family Photos Undated
Box
Folder
17 5 Job, Helen, and Carey Scott in Japan
17 6 Job, leading a footrace in Karuizawa, Japan
17 7 Job, Carey, and Harold Scott in formal and military dress
Subseries D: William Ashmore, Sr. Family Photos Undated
Box
Folder
17 8 William Ashmore, Sr. Family
Subseries E: Loose Photos from Album Undated
Box
Folder
17 9 Lida Ashmore
17 10 William Ashmore, Jr.
17 11 Lida at Mother's Memorial
17 12 "Y" Bridge in Zanesville, Ohio
17 13 William Ashmore, Sr.
17 14 Bangkok Building, William Jr.'s Birthplace
17 15 Bangkok Building, William Jr.'s Birthplace
17 16 Bangkok Building, William Jr.'s Birthplace
17 17 May Spalding Bigelow
17 18 Fletcher Spalding
17 19 Carrie Spalding
17 20 Carrie Spalding
17 21 May Spalding Bigelow
17 22 Frank Bigelow
17 23 William Ashmore, Jr.
17 24 William Ashmore, Jr.
17 25 Ashmores in Naples
17 26 Swatow Visitors, Seminary Construction in Background
17 27 Ashmores at Missionary Conference
17 28 Ashmores, 1922 1922
17 29 Christmas Party, 1924 December 1924
17 30 Lida in Philippine garb
17 31 William, Jr. in Baguio, Philippines
17 32 Lida, Sewing in Santa Ana
17 33 Santa Ana Dining Room
17 34 Santa Ana Den
17 35 William, Jr., 1930s ca. 1930-1939
17 36 Santa Ana House
17 37 The Wymans
17 38 Lida, Creek Crossing in Thai Yong
17 39 Lida in Thai Yong
17 40 Adirondacks
17 41 Swimming Pool on a Steamer
17 42 Frank Ashmore and Job Scott's Sons, Climbing Mt. Fuji
17 43 Frank Ashmore and Job Scott's Sons, Climbing Mt. Fuji
17 44 Lida, 1930s ca. 1930-1939
17 45 Lida, 1930s ca. 1930-1939
17 46 Lida, 1930s ca. 1930-1939
17 47 Lida, 1930s ca. 1930-1939
17 48 Lida, 1930s ca. 1930-1939
17 49 Lida, 1930s ca. 1930-1939
Subseries F: Photo Album Undated
Box
2 Ashmore Family Photo Album
Subseries G: Encased photographs Undated
Box
17a Daguerreotypes
Box
Box
1 17a Daguerreotype of William Ashmore, Sr. and wife Martha Sanderson
1 17a Daguerreotype of William Ashmore, Sr.
17b Tintype
Box
Box
1 17b Tintype of William Ashmore, Sr.
17c Printing plate
Printing plate of photo of Martha Sanderson (Mrs. William Ashmore)

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Series VIII:  Oversize
Container(s)
Description
Dates
Subseries A: Artwork Undated
Box
Folder
18 1 Translation for Filial Piety Stories
18 2 24 Examples of Filial Piety (Chinese Stories with Illustrations)
18 3 Water Scene (Government School Drawing)
18 4 Fruit and Bowls (Government School Drawing)
18 5 Boat and House 1 (Government School Drawing)
18 6 Plant (Government School Drawing)
18 7 Boat and House 2 (Government School Drawing)
Subseries B: Photographs 1883-1925
Box
Folder
18 8 Karuizawa, Japan Photo Album ca. 1900
18 9 Japan Photo Album ca. 1900-1925
18 10 Siam Photo Album ca. 1900
18 11 Edith Ashmore Hensolt undated
2 Minneapolis Photo Album 1887-1891
Subseries C: Documents Undated
Box
Folder
20 1 William, Sr.'s Passport
20 2 William, Sr.'s Land Deed
Series IX: Artifact
Box
item
21 1 Sample of Martha Sanderson's wedding dress

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Subjects

  • Personal Names :
  • Ashmore family--Archives
  • Ashmore, Lida Scott, 1852-1934
  • Ashmore, Martha Sanderson--Diaries
  • Ashmore, William, 1824-1909
  • Ashmore, William, 1851-1937
  • Hensolt, Edith Ashmore, 1882-1975
  • Scott, Zar, b. 1848
  • Subject Terms :
  • Baptists--Missions--China--Shantou (Guangdong Sheng)
  • Missionaries--China
    • Form or Genre Terms :
    • Photographs

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