Notes, books, letters, newspaper
clippings, manuscripts, and printed material collected by Dr. Abel-Henderson
re: native (Indian) policies of various English speaking countries; American
history; Russian history; woman's sufferage. Concerned primarily with the 19th
Washington State University Libraries Manuscripts, Archives, and Special Collections
Funding for encoding this finding
aid was provided through a grant awarded by the National Endowment for the
[From The Record: Friends of the Library, State College of Washington
(Pullman, Washington), January 1948, pp. 6-7.]
"Doctor Annie Heloise Abel Henderson [1873-1947] was undoubtedly one
of the ablest women historians of her day. Honors came to her early in her
career, for her doctoral dissertation on "The History of Events, Resulting in
Indian Consolidation West of the Mississippi" won her the coveted Justin Winsor
prize bestowed upon her by the American Historical Association in 1906.
Throughout her scholarly career native policies of the British and
American governments constituted her chief but not sole interest. The Slave
Holding Indians, a large three-volume tome, was published during the ten-year
period 1915-1925 and is considered by most historians as her crowning
achievement. One of her most interesting assignments she set for herself,
however, was to track down the journal of Pierre Antoine Tabeau. In her pursuit
of this treasure, she revealed all of the patience, astuteness, and penetrating
powers of deduction expected only of a Sherlock Holmes or G-man. On one
occasion a class in Pacific Northwest history had the good fortune to hear her
tell her experiences on the trail of this significant document. Several
students were so interested that they requested the opportunity to meet her
later and get more of her stories about these treasure hunts. Inclined to be
somewhat formal in her public appearances, she was definitely at her best in a
small circle of kindred spirits.
Retirement from teaching did not stop her researches and professional
work. Her book reviews were models of critical analysis. She made it a practice
to trace to the original sources all statements of facts used by an author to
form a conclusion. Frequently her critiques were more painstaking than those
made by the author. She continued to ferret out hidden documents and
manuscripts. During the last months of her life, she was working on two papers.
One of these was on the subjects of "British Native Policy and the Colonization
of South Australia"; the other has the title "Removal, a One-Time Phase of
Canadian Indian Policy." Both the unfinished manuscripts and the transcribed
copies of the source materials were sent to the State College. They will be
completed and edited by members of the staff of the Department of History and
sent to the proper scholarly journals for publication.
Doctor Henderson gave the State College autographed presentation
copies of each of the books she published. She also made the College the
beneficiary of most of her working library. Her scholarship was proof that
these books were subject to continued use; the fine condition of the books
attest to the great respect this scholar had for the printed page.
Although a scholar first and foremost, Doctor Henderson was an ardent
protagonist of closer understanding between English speaking peoples. Her
acquaintance was not merely with British and Yankee, but she knew the peoples
of all of the countries which make up the British Empire and Commonwealth of
Nations. She shared with others the conviction that closer ties between those
who upheld the Anglo Saxon traditions of liberty and freedom could well lead to
their realization by all peoples of the world."
The Annie Abel-Henderson Papers consist of notes, letters, newspaper
clippings, manuscripts, and printed material relating to her scholarship on
native (Indian) policies of various English-speaking countries ( Canada, Great
Britain, Britain in the South Seas, and the U.S.) and other historical
subjects, including Australia, New Zealand, American History, Russian History,
and woman's suffrage. The time-span is chiefly the nineteenth century.
Use of the Collection
Restrictions on Access :
This collection is open for research use.
Preferred Citation :
[Item Description]. Cage 246, Guide to the Annie Abel-Henderson
Papers. Manuscripts, Archives, and Special Collections, Washington State
University Libraries, Pullman, WA.
Processing Note :
The present organization of this collection appears to reflect the
state achieved after original processing. It is not possible to clearly
determine when this work was done or the extent to which this arrangement
reflects the original order of the collection or its re-organization by the
archivist (whose name is not given in the extant records). This guide reflects
the contents and arrangement of the original archival finding aid, though it
was slightly expanded and revised by Manuscripts Librarian Robert N. Matuozzi
in March of 2001.
Related Materials :
Judge and Mrs. W. H. Abel, Montesano, have in 1948 presented to
Washington State University between four and five-hundred carefully selected
volumes from their own private library in memory of their sister, Doctor Annie
Heloise Abel Henderson. Appropriate book plates have been placed in these
volumes, which are now available to the students, the faculty, and the
increasing number of visitors making use of our great collection of books,
newspaper files, brochures, and manuscripts.
Annie Abel Henderson Papers, 1823-1934. In the University of British
Columbia Library, Vancouver. Approximately 6ft.
Detailed Description of the Collection
The following section contains a detailed listing of the materials in
1 / 1
Correspondence with Dr. Annie H.
Abel-Henderson and Miscellaneous Judge W. H. Abel re: the acquisition of the
Abel Henderson collection by Washington State University. (Provides a good
summary and scope of the collection)
1 / 2
Reviewed and republished articles
by Annie H. Abel Henderson.
1 / 3
Correspondence re: Honor System
carried on by Dr. Abel-Henderson as head of the Honors Committee at Smith
1 / 4
New England and New Zealand and
the High Water Mark of British Colonization.''
1 / 5
Lectures re: American relations
with Britain and British colonies; Western attitudes toward formation of
Choctaw Indian state.
1 / 6
Letters from Roger Casement to
Foxbourne, Old Calabar, West Africa., 1894
1 / 7
Newspaper clippings on British
and American Suffragists.