Guide to the William A. Langille Papers
1891-1955

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Overview of the Collection

Creator: Langille, William Alexander
Title: William A. Langille papers
Dates: 1891-1955 ( inclusive )
Quantity: 1.5 cubic feet (1 container)
Collection Number: Ax 635
Summary: William A. Langille (1869-1956) came with his family to Hood River, Oregon in 1882. The Langille family operated the Cloud Cap Inn on Mt. Hood. Langille was a prospector in the Klondyke gold fields and Alaska state forester; eventually he was appointed forest manager for the Oregon State Parks Department. This collection contains correspondence, short stories, articles and reports that focus on his time in Alaska, Sao Paulo, Brazil, and Oregon.
Repository: Special Collections and University Archives, University of Oregon Libraries

1299 University of Oregon
Eugene, Oregon, 97403-1299
(541) 346-3068
spcarref@uoregon.edu

Languages: Collection materials are in English. 
Sponsor: Funding for encoding this finding aid was provided through a grant awarded by the National Endowment for the Humanities.

Historical Note

William A. Langille was born in 1869 in Nova Scotia. In 1882, he came to Hood River, Oregon where the Langille family was associated with the construction and operation of the Cloud Cap Inn. Construction began in 1889 and they operated the inn from 1891 until 1906. William and his brother, Harold D. "Doug" Langille, were early climbers and guides on the mountain. In 1897 William went prospecting in the Klondyke gold fields. A few years later, in 1903, he was appointed forester of Alaska. Many of the manuscripts and some of the diaries in this collection reflect on his time spent in that area. Due to his association with Alaskan lumber companies, he was hired in 1912 by the Paulista Lumber Company to report on the Brazilian forest. After World War I, Langille worked for the forest service and the Oregon State Parks Department.

Content Description

The William A. Langille papers consist of scattered diaries, letters, and historical articles on Alaska and Oregon, and photographs (mainly of Brazil). In Series I: Correspondence, the major correspondent is Samuel H. Boardman, the first Oregon Parks superintendent. Among the manuscripts found in this collection is a biography of Boardman. Langille and his younger brother, Harold D. Doug Langille corresponded most of their adult life. This collection includes correspondence received from Doug and his correspondence to William. With the W.A. Langille papers are the papers of Harold D. Langille (1874-1954), a forester and engineer. His papers include letters to his brother, William, written between 1935 and 1953 from mining areas in western Idaho and Sonora, Mexico. There are also 72 letters written from France, 1917-1919, when Doug was a major in the 505th Engineer Service Brigade.

Series II: Reports, Manuscripts, Publications, contains two short stories about Alaska and numerous papers covering forestry topics concerning Alaska and Oregon. The diaries in this collection focus mainly on Langille's life in Oregon but also include a diary from his four months spent in Sao Paulo, Brazil. During his stay in Brazil, Langille was an avid photographer and this collection includes a large portion of photographs and 2.5x5 black and white negatives of this area. These photographs document Brazilian native life and natural environment. Other subjects include Alaska and Oregon. The final series includes Langille mementos, awards, citations, and photographs.

Use of the Collection

Restrictions on Access :  

Collection is open to the public.

Collection must be used in Special Collections & University Archives Reading Room.

Restrictions on Use :  

Property rights reside with Special Collections & University Archives, University of Oregon Libraries. Copyright resides with the creators of the documents or their heirs. All requests for permission to publish collection materials must be submitted to Special Collections & University Archives. The reader must also obtain permission of the copyright holder.

Archival material may contain materials with sensitive or confidential information that is protected under federal and/or state right to privacy laws and other regulations.

Researchers are advised that the disclosure of certain information pertaining to identifiable living individuals represented in this collection without the consent of those individuals may have legal ramifications (e.g. a cause of action for invasion of privacy may arise if facts concerning an individual's private life are published that would be deemed highly offensive to a reasonable person) for which the University of Oregon assumes no responsibility.

If a researcher finds sensitive personal information in a collection, please bring it to the attention of the reading room staff.

Preferred Citation :  

[Identification of item], William A. Langille Papers, Ax 635, Special Collections & University Archives, University of Oregon Libraries, Eugene, Oregon.

Administrative Information

Arrangement :

Collection is organized into the following series:

Series I. Correspondence

Series II. Reports, manuscripts, publications

Series III. Langille diaries

Series IV. Photographs

Series V. Langille mementos and family photographs

Processing Note :  

Collection processed by staff.

This finding aid may be updated periodically to account for new acquisitions to the collection and/or revisions in arrangement and description.


Detailed Description of the Collection

Series I:  Correspondence, 1893-1953
Container(s)
Description
Dates
Langille Letters Sent
138.0 letters
Box
Folder
1 1 Alaska letters
6.0 letters
1897-1900
1 2 Brazil letters
29.0 letters
Filed here is manuscript "Report on the timber holdings of the Paulista Lumber Company, Sao Paulo, Brazil, June 14, 1912," and manuscript "Lumbering in the state of Sao Paulo, Brazil, Dec. 23, 1912". Also 3 pamphlets on Brazil.
1911-1913
1 3 Miscellaneous
103.0 letters
Mostly written to Harold D. Langille.
1904, 1935-1955
Langille Letters Received
88.0 letters
1938-1954
Box
Folder
1 4 Abrams, D.C.
1 4 Aluminum Company of America
1 4 Baldwin, L.M.
10.0 letters
Hood River history
1951-1954
1 4 Bartmess, Earl K.
1 4 Bartsch, Grace Graham
5.0 letters
1950-1953
1 4 Boardman, Samuel H.
7.0 letters
1949-1952
1 4 Calder, W.C.
1 4 Chamberlain, Gertrude
1 4 Cook, Arthur F.
1 4 Cooper, John P.
4.0 letters
Hood River history
1952-1953
1 4 Dimmick, George W.
3.0 letters
Hood River history
1952-1953
1 4 Dimmick, J.B.
1 4 Ferguson, Anna
1 4 First National Bank
Hood River
1 4 French, Boyd
1 4 Freshwater, Caroline
1 4 Freshwater, Margaret
1 4 Graham, Will
1 4 Greeley, A.W.
1 4 Heintzleman, B. Frank
1 4 Hood River County Historical Society
1 4 Jackson, A.G.
2 photos of Langille in redwoods
1926
1 4 Lacey, James D. and Co.
1 4 Lang, Anne
12.0 letters
Cloud Cap Inn
1938, 1940-1943, 1948
1 4 McIntyre, Justin
1 4 McKeown, Martha Ferguson
1 4 McNeil, Fred H.
1 4 McRae, Clyde
1 4 Marsh, Eugene
1 4 Montana Assay Office
1 4 Mt. Hood Irrigation District
1 4 Munger, Thornton
1 4 Old Oregon Trail, Inc.
1 4 Oregon State Dept. of Geology
1 4 Oregon State Highway Department
1 4 Oregon State Parks Department
1 4 Pinchot, Gifford
1 4 Pond, Irving K.
1 4 Riddell, H.H.
1 4 Rumbaugh, Ann
1 4 Smith, Warren D.
1 4 U.S. Forest Service
1 4 U.S. General Land Office
1 4 U.S. Geological Survey
1 4 U.S. Interior Department
1 4 Wilson, Fred
1 4 Winans, Ephraim
6.0 letters
Hood River history
1943-1946
1 4 Wood, Erskine
1 5
Lang, Anne
Harold D. Langille Letters Sent
256.0 letters
1910 1912 1917-1919 1935-1953
Box
Folder
1 6 World War I letters from Camp Lee, Virginia and France
H.D. Langille was a major in the 505th Engineer Service Brigade. The letters, with a few exceptions, are to his mother.
1917-1919
1 7 Miscellaneous
175.0 letters
Most sent to W.A. Langille. The 1910 letters are from Chili. Others from mining country in western Idaho and Sonora.
1910 1912 1935-1953

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Series II:  W.A. Langille Reports, Manuscripts, Publications, 1925-1949
Container(s)
Description
Dates
Box
1 Azalea to Indians 1925-1949
Box
Folder
1 8 Azalea State Park
4.0 pages
July 11, 1940
1 8 A Bear Hunting Episode
6.0 pages
1927
1 8 Boardman, Samuel Herbert
2.0 pages
"A Farewell," Also Boardman's autobiography (10 pp., typed, undated)
1950
1 8 Booth Hill Overlook
4.0 pages
1946
1 8 Buena Vista
3.0 pages
A Curry County Ocean Wayside
1946
1 8 Cape Lookout State Park
12.0 pages
1942
1 8 Cape Sebastian, Gold Beach
2.0 pages
With report to Sam Boardman, Nov. 20, 1933 (2 pp., typed).
1933, 1934
1 8 The Cove
16.0 pages
A Palisaded Park of Geological Significance. Also as published in the Madras Pioneer, June 6, 13, 20, 27, 1946.
1942
1 8 Curry County, Something of Its Early History
3.0 pages
undated
1 8 Emigrant Springs
9.0 pages
1951
1 8 A Glimpse of the Canyon of the South Fork of the Owyhee River
331.0 pages
1941
1 8 History of Oregon State Parks
13.0 pages
undated
1 8 Holman State Park in Polk County
5.0 pages
1947
1 8 The Indians
30.0 pages
Early Indian Troubles of Southwestern Oregon. With map of Indian villages, Curry County; Also as published in Coos Bay Times, Aug. 4, 12, 1949.
1945
1 John Day to Pilot Butte 1925-1949
Box
Folder
1 9 John Day Fossil Beds
38.0 pages
A State Park of the Yesterdays.
1948
1 9 A Kadiak [sic] Bear - His Ending
4.0 pages
John C. Tolman's bear hunt.
1927
1 9 Lost Lake
6.0 pages
1925
1 9 The Mitchell Country in Wheeler County
21.0 pages
1937
1 9 Mosier Rocks
3.0 pages
Memorandum for Sam Boardman on Mosier Rocks.
September 3, 1933
1 9 Mount Hood and Cloud Cap Inn
As published in Yarmouth Herald, Nova Scotia
November 10, 1891
1 9 Neptune State Park
7.0 pages
By Frank P. Sipe.
1948
1 9 Old Oregon Trail
2.0 items
undated
1 9 Oregon, a Recreational Area
23.0 pages
undated
1 9 The Painted Hills, A Unique State park of Wheeler County
15.0 pages
1948
1 9 Parks and Roadsides as Features of Roadside Development
2.0 items
undated
1 9 Mosier Rocks
3.0 pages
Memorandum for Sam Boardman on Mosier Rocks.
September 3, 1933
1 9 Peter Skene Ogden State Park
10.0 pages
1946
1 9 Pilot Butte
5.0 pages
A State Park Landmark of Pioneer Days.
1944
1 Proposed Ocean State Park to Wallowa 1925-1949
Box
Folder
1 10 Proposed Ocean State Park Site
6.0 pages
In Lane County Park.
undated
1 10 Recollections of Old Cloud Cap Inn
7.0 pages
1927
1 10 Report on the Coast Line Section of Curry County, Oregon
9.0 pages
From Whales Head to Burnt Hill Creek.
undated
1 10 Report on the Shore Lands of the Crook Point-Cape Ferrelo Section of the Curry County, Oregon Coast Line
2.0 items
1938
1 10 Rock Creek Stone Piles, an Archaeological Mystery
6.0 pages
1945
1 10 State Parks, A Radio Talk
8.0 pages
undated
1 10 State Parks of the Columbia Gorge
59.0 pages
1945
1 10 Three Flags Highway Association
4.0 pages
Report of meeting.
April 7, 1946
1 10 The Umpqua Lighthouse State Park
19.0 pages
1943
1 10 The Upper Hood River Valley
38.0 pages
undated
1 10 Wallowa State Park
13.0 pages
1949
1 Narratives 1925-1949
Box
Folder
1 11 Klondyke Vignettes undated
1 12 Dawson Nights
Second of a series.
undated

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Series III:  William A. Langille Diaries, 1893-1935
12.0 volumes
Container(s)
Description
Dates
Box
Folder
1 13 Mt. Hood, Mines and Cloud Cap Inn
Jackson-Josephine County mines; minor entries
1893-1896
1 13 Brazil
2.0 volumes
Includes numbered lists of photographs.
March 1928-July 1928
1 13 U.S. Forest Service
Building Legion Camp, Mt. Hood; Mitchell Point fire; High Road construction; August 2, 1926: "The cook has boils and running sores. Time to get rid of him."
June 21, 1926-August 5, 1926
1 13 Oregon State Highway Department
Construction; rights-of-way.
March 23, 1927-April 14, 1927
1 13 Oregon State Highway Department January 1, 1932-September 23, 1932
1 13 Oregon State Parks Department
2.0 volumes
July 3, 1933-December 31, 1933
1 13 Oregon State Parks Department
CCC Camp, Cape San Sebastian; May 1, 1934: "Mr. Boardman advised me 5 new foremen to come who are Walter Pierce's appointees. Our first political members."
January 1, 1934-February 28, 1934 April 1, 1934-May 11, 1934 May 12, 1934-December 31, 1934 May 1, 1934
1 13 Oregon State Parks Department February 8, 1935-February 24, 1935

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Series IV:  Photographs, ca. 1928
Container(s)
Description
Dates
Box
Folder
1 14 Photographs, Brazil
Negatives and some prints of Brazil (Sao Paulo)
ca. 1928
1 15 Photographs, Oregon and others
Negatives and some prints. Subjects include: Alaska; Cape Lookout, and Cape San Sebastian, Oregon; CCC Camp 1652; Columbia River Highway construction near Biggs, Oregon; Curry County coast line, Mitchell vicinity, Oregon; Silver Creek Falls and vicinity, Oregon.
ca. 1928

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Series V:  Langille Mementos and Family photographs, undated
Container(s)
Description
Dates
Box
Folder
1 16 Mementos and photographs
Includes awards and citations.
undated

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Subjects

  • Personal Names :
  • Boardman, Samuel Herbert, 1874-1953
  • Langille, Harold D., 1874-1954
  • Langille, William A. (William Alexander), b. 1869--Archives
  • Corporate Names :
  • Cloud Cap Inn (Parkdale, Or.)
  • Oregon. State Parks and Recreation Division
  • Geographical Names :
  • Alaska--Photographs
  • Brazil--Photographs
  • Oregon--Photographs
  • Säao Paulo (Brazil)
  • Subject Terms :
  • Foresters--Alaska
  • Forests and forestry--Alaska
  • Forests and forestry--Brazil
  • Forests and forestry--Oregon
  • Prospecting--Yukon Territory--Klondike River Valley
    • Form or Genre Terms :
    • Diaries
    • Photographs

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