Guide to the Arthur and Ella Coole Papers
1908-1974

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Overview of the Collection

Creator: Coole, Arthur Braddan, 1900-Coole, Ella
Title: Arthur and Ella Coole papers
Dates: 1908-1974 ( inclusive )
Quantity: 4.25 linear feet (9 containers)
Collection Number: Ax 793
Summary: Arthur and Ella Coole were Methodist missionaries serving in North China between the years 1924 and 1947. The collection includes correspondence, literary manuscripts, biographical information, missionary publications, scrapbooks, and other materials relating to the Coole's missionary work.
Repository: Special Collections and University Archives, University of Oregon Libraries

1299 University of Oregon
Eugene, Oregon, 97403-1299
(541) 346-3068
spcarref@uoregon.edu

Languages: Collection materials are in English. 
Sponsor: Funding for encoding this finding aid was provided through a grant awarded by the National Endowment for the Humanities.

Historical Note

Arthur and Ella Coole were Methodist missionaries serving in North China between the years 1924 and 1947. Reverend Coole worked both as a teacher and administrator, and Mrs. Coole taught English, raised their adopted daughter Mona Jean, and was active in church affairs.

Arthur Bradden Coole was born January 6, 1900, in Birmingham, Kansas. His parents, Dr. Thomas H. and Cora Coole, moved with him in 1906 to Kutien, Fukien, China, where Dr. Coole served as a medical missionary until 1913. In 1917, Arthur Coole entered Northwestern University, where he remained for a year before joining the Army. Following World War I, he completed his A.B. at Baker University in Baldwin, Kansas, his M.A. at University of Denver in 1922, and married Ella Frances Endres later that year

After teaching for one year in Oklahoma, Rev. and Mrs. Coole made their first trip to China in 1924. After intensive study at Peking Union Language School, Rev. Coole in 1925 was assigned to teach at the Tientsin Hui Wen Academy, where he and his wife remained until 1937, with the exception of one year's furlough. During that year they returned to the U.S., and Rev. Coole began to pursue a Ph.D. in Political Science at Northwestern University. However, he didn't complete his studies, since in 1938 he was asked in emergency to return to China and resume administrative work with the Methodist Church in Peking. In 1940, Mrs. Coole and Mona Jean returned to the U.S., where Rev. Coole joined them the next year.

From 1941-1944, Rev. Coole was the Soldier's Pastor at Fort Riley, Kansas. He again returned to China in 1944 to work as Field Treasurer of the Methodist Church and later as National Treasurer of the National Council of Churches. After coming back to the U.S. in 1946, Rev. Coole taught Political Science at Baker University for one year. He and his family then went to China for a final stay in 1947, when both Rev. and Mrs. Coole again taught at the Hui Wen Academy and Rev. Coole acted as financial adviser to the school treasurer. After settling in the U.S. later that year, Rev. Coole began a twelve-year period as a Methodist minister to a number of communities throughout Kansas. Having completed forty-three years of faithful church service, Rev. and Mrs. Coole retired to Denver, Colorado, in 1964, and Rev. Coole devoted his time to numismatology, researching and writing several articles and a book on Chinese coinage. He has since been regarded as a leading authority in that field.

The correspondence and papers of Dr. Thomas H. and Cora Coole are also included in this collection. Born in 1868 in Douglas, Isle of Man, Thomas Henry Coole lived in England until he was twenty, then moved to Kansas City, Missouri. He entered Baker University in 1889, where he later met Cora Louisa Shepard Boynton during her first year in 1893; both graduated in 1897. After they were married in the summer of 1897, Thomas Coole served as a Methodist minister until he entered Northwestern University Medical School in 1902. After receiving his M.D. in 1906, Dr. Coole and his family went to Kutien, Fukien, China, where he was a medical missionary for nearly thirty years. Mrs. Coole taught at a local school and worked in church affairs during their missionary service.

Content Description

The collection comprises correspondence, school and church administrative records, newsletters, newspaper clippings and biographical materials. Rev. Coole's self-published autobiography, A Trouble Shooter for God in China, is also part of this collection, along with the correspondence and papers of his parents, Dr. Thomas and Cora Coole.

The Arthur and Ella Coole collection is divided into eighteen series, with one (0.25m) box that assimilates all oversize items in the collection.

Series I: Outgoing Correspondence occupies Box 1 and one-half of Box 2 and is arranged chronologically to cover the period 1909 to 1974. These letters include the entire range of Rev. and Mrs. Coole’s personal and business affairs.

Series II: Incoming Correspondence, the largest series of the collection, fills the other half of Box 2 through Box 5 and is arranged alphabetically by addressor’s last name. Of particular importance here are the letters from Frank Cartwright, Director of the U.S. Board of Foreign Missions, and those from Rev. Coole’s brother and sister-in-law, Rev. Douglas and Polly Coole.

Series III: Scrapbook contains Rev. and Mrs. Coole’s personal scrapbook, including items from their vacation trip around the world.

Series IV: Short Article Manuscripts is a small series with some of Rev. Coole’s writing about missionary life in China and a few of his acquaintances.

Series V: Book Review Manuscripts, another small series, contains Rev. Coole’s reviews of his colleagues’ books on Chinese coinage.

Series VI: Reviews of Arthur Coole’s Chinese Coin Books consists of published reviews by other numismatologists.

Series VII: Arthur Coole’s Autobiography contains Rev. Coole’s self-published life story A Trouble Shooter for God in China.

Series VIII: Biographical Information, Arthur Coole, offers additional information about Rev. Coole's personal history.

Series IX: Miscellaneous Essays includes short essays and addresses from colleagues and acquaintances paying tribute to Rev. Coole.

Series X: Travel Accounts and Receipts provides complete information about all of the financial circumstances surrounding Rev. and Mrs. Coole's voyages between China and the U.S.

Series XI: Publicity offers catalogs and informational pamphlets from the Hui Wen Academy, including sales papers for the many items students manufactured in order to earn funds from overseas.

Series XII: Instructional Materials consists of manuals, worksheets, applications and guidelines for those applying to work as Methodist missionaries.

Series XIII: Minutes from Missionary Meetings includes the details from administrative meetings of the Board of the Division of Foreign Missions.

Series XIV: Field Newsletters contains quarterly reports about missionary activity that were published and circulated among Methodist churches in the U.S.

Series XV: Miscellaneous Papers contains random reports and immigration paperwork related to Rev. Coole’s work with the Board of Foreign Missions.

Series XVI: T.H. and Cora Coole Papers concerns information about the personal lives and work of Rev. Coole’s parents, who also served as missionaries for the Methodist church in China.

Series XVII: Incomplete Letters consists of fragments of letters that were inassimilable with a larger series.

Series XVIII: Oversize Items includes various legal-sized items from throughout the collection. Of particular significance here are the papers related to the North China Conference, which include budgetary information and Field Committee Reports.

Use of the Collection

Restrictions on Access :  

Collection is open to the public.

Collection must be used in Special Collections & University Archives Reading Room.

Restrictions on Use :  

Property rights reside with Special Collections & University Archives. Copyright resides with the creators of the documents or their heirs. All requests for permission to publish collection materials must be submitted to Special Collections & University Archives. The reader must also obtain permission of the copyright holder.

Archival material may contain materials with sensitive or confidential information that is protected under federal and/or state right to privacy laws and other regulations.

Researchers are advised that the disclosure of certain information pertaining to identifiable living individuals represented in this collection without the consent of those individuals may have legal ramifications (e.g. a cause of action for invasion of privacy may arise if facts concerning an individual's private life are published that would be deemed highly offensive to a reasonable person) for which the University of Oregon assumes no responsibility.

If a researcher finds sensitive personal information in a collection, please bring it to the attention of the reading room staff.

Preferred Citation :  

[Identification of item], Arthur and Ella Coole Papers, Ax 793, Special Collections & University Archives, University of Oregon, Eugene, Oregon.

Administrative Information

Arrangement :

Collection is organized into the following series:

Series I. Outgoing correspondence

Series II. Incoming correspondence

Series III. Scrapbook

Series IV. Short article manuscripts

Series V. Book review manuscripts

Series VI. Reviews of Arthur Coole's Chinese coin books

Series VII. Arthur Coole's autobiography

Series VIII. Biographical information, Arthur Coole

Series IX. Miscellaneous essays

Series X. Travel accounts and receipts

Series XI. Publicity

Series XII. Instructional materials

Series XIII. Minutes from missionary meetings

Series XIV. Field newsletters

Series XV. Miscellaneous papers

Series XVI. T.H. and Cora Coole materials

Series XVI, Subseries A. Outgoing correspondence

Series XVI, Subseries B. Incoming correspondence

Series XVI, Subseries C. Biographical material

Series XVI, Subseries D. Poems by T.H. Coole

Series XVII. Incomplete letters

Series XVIII.

Acquisition Information :  

The collection was a gift of Arthur Coole in the 1970s.


Detailed Description of the Collection

Series I:  Outgoing correspondence
Container(s)
Description
Dates
Box
Folder
1 1 Correspondence January 7, 1909-June 10, 1914
1 2 Correspondence January 14, 1922-July 15, 1924
1 3 Correspondence August 21, 1924-March 18, 1925
1 4 Correspondence May, 1925-June, 1925
1 5 Correspondence September, 1925-December 29, 1925
1 6 Correspondence January 31, 1926-March 9, 1926
1 7 Correspondence October, 1927-October 3, 1927
1 8 Correspondence June 1, 1928-September 23, 1928
1 9 Correspondence November 25, 1928-December 16, 1929
1 10 Correspondence December 26, 1929-June 5, 1930
1 11 Correspondence June 22, 1930-August 7, 1930
1 12 Correspondence December 16, 1930-November 27, 1931
1 13 Correspondence December 5, 1931-February 15, 1932
1 14 Correspondence March 6, 1932-September 30, 1932
1 15 Correspondence November 3, 1932-July 4, 1934
1 16 Correspondence September 25, 1934-March 22, 1937
1 17 Correspondence June 17, 1937-September 17, 1937
1 18 Correspondence September 24, 1937-February 17, 1938
1 19 Correspondence February 21, 1938-July 30, 1938
1 20 Correspondence July 30, 1938-December 18, 1938
1 21 Correspondence December 26, 1938-July 5, 1939
1 22 Correspondence July 9, 1939-September 9, 1940
1 23 Correspondence October 4, 1940-April 20, 1940
1 24 Correspondence June 2, 1940-January 25, 1941
1 25 Correspondence February 1, 1941-February 28, 1941
1 26 Correspondence March 3, 1941-March 13, 1941
1 27 Correspondence March 16, 1941-April 29, 1941
1 28 Correspondence April 29, 1941-August 19, 1941
1 29 Correspondence August 25, 1941-November 26, 1941
1 30 Correspondence November 27, 1941-July 20, 1942
1 31 Correspondence July 20, 1942-December 3, 1942
1 32 Correspondence December 31, 1942-April 18, 1943
1 33 Correspondence April 19, 1943-May 13, 1943
1 34 Correspondence May 21, 1943-September 16, 1943
1 35 Correspondence September 22, 1943-October 30, 1943
2 1 Correspondence November 3, 1943-December 31, 1943
2 2 Correspondence January 1, 1944-January 18, 1944
2 3 Correspondence January 18, 1944-April 2, 1944
2 4 Correspondence April 6, 1944-May 14, 1944
2 5 Correspondence May 16, 1944-September 27, 1944
2 6 Correspondence July 30, 1944-September 30, 1944
2 7 Correspondence October 4, 1944-November 15, 1944
2 8 Correspondence November 19, 1944-December 20, 1944
2 9 Correspondence December 25, 1944-December 4, 1945
2 10 Correspondence February 5, 1945-March 26, 1945
2 11 Correspondence April 1, 1945-May 13, 1945
2 12 Correspondence May 20, 1945-July 29, 1945
2 13 Correspondence July 29, 1945-October 6, 1945
2 14 Correspondence October 29, 1945-January 30, 1946
2 15 Correspondence January 30, 1946-August 31, 1947
2 16 Correspondence September 14, 1947-May 19, 1948
2 17 Correspondence June 22, 1948-November 24, 1948
2 18 Correspondence December 17, 1948-December 5, 1949
2 19 Correspondence December 7, 1949-October 19, 1950
2 20 Correspondence November 26, 1950-January 19, 1952
2 21 Correspondence January 25, 1952-December 18, 1954
2 22 Correspondence September 20, 1955-September 21, 1963
2 23 Correspondence September 21, 1963-January 31, 1971
2 24 Correspondence February 7, 1971-May 19, 1971
2 25 Correspondence May 20, 1971-September 26, 1971
2 26 Correspondence October 24, 1971-December 17, 1971
2 27 Correspondence December 19, 1971-February 8, 1971
2 28 Correspondence February 11, 1972-April 16, 1972
2 29 Correspondence April 23, 1972-December 17, 1972
2 30 Correspondence January 7, 1973-August 4, 1974

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Series II:  Incoming correspondence
Container(s)
Description
Box
Folder
3 1 Aeschliman-Backus
3 2 Baker-Bloomquist
3 3 Boone-Campbell
3 4 Cartwright, Frank
3 5 Cartwright, Frank
3 6 Cartwright, Frank
3 7 Cartwright, Frank
3 8 Cartwright, Frank
3 9 Cartwright, Frank
3 10 Cartwright, Frank
3 11 Cartwright, Frank
3 12 Cartwright, Frank
3 13 Cartwright, Frank
3 14 Chang-Chiang
3 15 Chiang-Chuang
3 16 Chubb-Colegrove
3 17 Colegrove-Coole, Douglas and Polly
3 18 Coole, Douglas and Polly
3 19 Coole, Douglas and Polly
3 20 Coole, Douglas and Polly
3 21 Coole, Douglas and Polly
3 22 Coole, Douglas and Polly
3 23 Coole, Douglas and Polly
3 24 Coole, Douglas and Polly
3 25 Coole, Douglas and Polly
3 26 Coole, Douglas and Polly
3 27 Coole, Douglas and Polly
3 28 Coole, Douglas and Polly
4 1 Coole, Douglas and Polly
4 2 Coole, Ella
4 3 Coole, Ella
4 4 Coole, Ella
4 5 Coole, Ella
4 6 Coole, Ella
4 7 Coole, Ella-Coole, Mona
4 8 Coole, Mona
4 9 Coole, Mona
4 10 Coole, Mona Jean
4 11 Coole, Mona Jean
4 12 Coole, Paul-Copper
4 13 Corson-Cunningham
4 14 Cunningham-Dawson
4 15 Dawson
4 16 DeVesty-Diffendorfer
4 17 Diffendorfer, Frank
4 18 Diffendorfer, Frank
4 19 Diffendorfer-Ehnes
4 20 Endres, Fran-Endres, Lena
4 21 Endres, Lena-Felt
4 22 Felt-Florcyk
4 23 Frank-Fuller
4 24 Fuller-Grose
4 25 Hammaker-Hasemeyer
4 26 Hasemeyer-Hildreth
4 27 Hildreth-Imam
5 1 Imam-Kao
5 2 Kao-Krause
5 3 Kuo-Lacy
5 4 Lane-Luce
5 5 Luccock-MacKenzie
5 6 MacKenzie-Mann
5 7 Mann, Leland
5 8 Mann, Leland
5 9 Mann-Martin
5 10 Martin-Mitrovich
5 11 Mortensen-Perry
5 12 Pettus-Powell
5 13 Powell-Pyke
5 14 Pyle-Ritter
5 15 Roden-Rue
5 16 Rugg-Russell
5 17 Schmidtke-Shaw
5 18 Shaw-Slater
5 19 Smith-Sutherland
5 20 Threlkeld-Vaughan
5 21 Vaughan
5 22 Wagenseller-Welch
5 23 White-Wilson
5 24 Wilson-Yung
5 25 Unidentified

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Series III:  Scrapbook
Container(s)
Description
Box
Folder
6 1 Scrapbook

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Series IV:  Short article manuscripts
Container(s)
Description
Box
Folder
6 2 Short article manuscripts

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Series V:  Book review manuscripts
Container(s)
Description
Box
Folder
6 3 Book review manuscripts

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Series VI:  Reviews of Arthur Coole's Chinese coin books
Container(s)
Description
Box
Folder
6 4 Reviews of Chinese coin books

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Series VII:  Arthur Coole's autobiography
Container(s)
Description
Box
Folder
6 5 A Trouble Shooter for God in China

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Series VIII:  Biographical information, Arthur Coole
Container(s)
Description
Box
Folder
7 1 Biographical information

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Series IX:  Miscellaneous essays
Container(s)
Description
Box
Folder
7 2 Miscellaneous essays

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Series X:  Travel accounts and receipts
Container(s)
Description
Dates
Box
Folder
7 3 Accounts and receipts 1929-1931
7 4 Accounts and receipts 1933-1940
7 5 Accounts and receipts 1941-1952

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Series XI:  Publicity
Container(s)
Description
Box
Folder
7 6 Pamphlets for Tientsin Hui Wen Academy
7 7 Pamphlets and catalogs for Tientsin Hui Wen Academy
7 8 Catalogs for Tientsin Hui Wen Academy

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Series XII:  Instructional materials
Container(s)
Description
Box
Folder
7 9 Manuals for Missionaries
7 10 Worksheets and directions for missionaries
7 11 Guidelines for application as missionary

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Series XIII:  Minutes from missionary meetings
Container(s)
Description
Dates
Box
Folder
7 12 Minutes 1937
7 13 Minutes 1937-1962
7 14 Minutes 1945-1948

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Series XIV:  Field newsletters
Container(s)
Description
Dates
Box
Folder
7 15 Newsletters 1937-1964

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Series XV:  Miscellaneous papers
Container(s)
Description
Box
Folder
7 16 Miscellaneous papers
7 17 Miscellaneous papers
7 18 Miscellaneous papers
7 19 Miscellaneous papers

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Series XVI:  T.H. and Cora Coole materials
Container(s)
Description
Dates
Subseries A: Outgoing correspondence
Box
Folder
7 20 March 31, 1908-July 24, 1928
7 21 June 10, 1929-July 31, 1930
7 22 February 9, 1930-January 11, 1931
7 23 May 31, 1931-July 11, 1944
7 24 August 20, 1944-July 29, 1948
Subseries B: Incoming correspondence
Box
Folder
8 1 Brummitt-Coole, Douglas and Polly
8 2 Cartwright-Moore
8 3 Welch, Charles
8 4 Welch, Charles
8 5 Welch, Charles
Subseries C: Biographical material
Box
Folder
8 6 Biographical material
8 7 Biographical material
8 8 Copy book
Subseries D: Poems by T.H. Coole
Box
Folder
8 9 Manuscript book

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Series XVII:  Incomplete letters
Container(s)
Description
Box
Folder
8 10 Incomplete letters

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Series XVIII:  Oversize items
Container(s)
Description
Dates
Subseries A: Incoming correspondence
Box
Folder
9 1 October 3, 1927-May 26, 1929
9 2 September 2, 1927-June 2, 1941
Subseries B: Missionary bulletins
Box
Folder
9 3 Missionary bulletins 1931-April 17, 1975
Subseries C: Newspaper clippings
Box
Folder
9 4 Newspaper clippings
9 5 Newspaper clippings
Subseries D: North China conference papers
Box
Folder
9 6 Budgetary statements October 24, 1944-January 15, 1948
9 7 Agendas April 27, 1948-(Unknown date), 1948
9 8 Field Committee notes October 7, 1947-December 20, 1950
9 9 Special Committee notes November 19, 1937-September 20, 1943
9 10 Miscellaneous papers
Subseries E: Miscellaneous
Box
Folder
9 11 Arthur Coole's U.S. Customs forms
9 12 T.H. Coole items
9 13 Douglas and Polly Coole items

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Subjects

  • Personal Names :
  • Cartwright, Frank Thomas, 1884-1964--Correspondence
  • Cool family
  • Coole, Arthur Braddan--1900-
  • Coole, Ella
  • Corporate Names :
  • Methodist Church (U.S.)--Missions--China
  • Subject Terms :
  • Coins, Chinese
  • Missionaries--China
  • Numismatists--United States

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