Arthur and Ella Coole were Methodist missionaries serving in North China between the years 1924 and 1947. Reverend Coole worked both as a teacher and administrator, and Mrs. Coole taught English, raised their adopted daughter Mona Jean, and was active in church affairs.
Arthur Bradden Coole was born January 6, 1900, in Birmingham, Kansas. His parents, Dr. Thomas H. and Cora Coole, moved with him in 1906 to Kutien, Fukien, China, where Dr. Coole served as a medical missionary until 1913. In 1917, Arthur Coole entered Northwestern University, where he remained for a year before joining the Army. Following World War I, he completed his A.B. at Baker University in Baldwin, Kansas, his M.A. at University of Denver in 1922, and married Ella Frances Endres later that year
After teaching for one year in Oklahoma, Rev. and Mrs. Coole made their first trip to China in 1924. After intensive study at Peking Union Language School, Rev. Coole in 1925 was assigned to teach at the Tientsin Hui Wen Academy, where he and his wife remained until 1937, with the exception of one year's furlough. During that year they returned to the U.S., and Rev. Coole began to pursue a Ph.D. in Political Science at Northwestern University. However, he didn't complete his studies, since in 1938 he was asked in emergency to return to China and resume administrative work with the Methodist Church in Peking. In 1940, Mrs. Coole and Mona Jean returned to the U.S., where Rev. Coole joined them the next year.
From 1941-1944, Rev. Coole was the Soldier's Pastor at Fort Riley, Kansas. He again returned to China in 1944 to work as Field Treasurer of the Methodist Church and later as National Treasurer of the National Council of Churches. After coming back to the U.S. in 1946, Rev. Coole taught Political Science at Baker University for one year. He and his family then went to China for a final stay in 1947, when both Rev. and Mrs. Coole again taught at the Hui Wen Academy and Rev. Coole acted as financial adviser to the school treasurer. After settling in the U.S. later that year, Rev. Coole began a twelve-year period as a Methodist minister to a number of communities throughout Kansas. Having completed forty-three years of faithful church service, Rev. and Mrs. Coole retired to Denver, Colorado, in 1964, and Rev. Coole devoted his time to numismatology, researching and writing several articles and a book on Chinese coinage. He has since been regarded as a leading authority in that field.
The correspondence and papers of Dr. Thomas H. and Cora Coole are also included in this collection. Born in 1868 in Douglas, Isle of Man, Thomas Henry Coole lived in England until he was twenty, then moved to Kansas City, Missouri. He entered Baker University in 1889, where he later met Cora Louisa Shepard Boynton during her first year in 1893; both graduated in 1897. After they were married in the summer of 1897, Thomas Coole served as a Methodist minister until he entered Northwestern University Medical School in 1902. After receiving his M.D. in 1906, Dr. Coole and his family went to Kutien, Fukien, China, where he was a medical missionary for nearly thirty years. Mrs. Coole taught at a local school and worked in church affairs during their missionary service.
The collection comprises correspondence, school and church administrative records, newsletters, newspaper clippings and biographical materials. Rev. Coole's self-published autobiography, A Trouble Shooter for God in China, is also part of this collection, along with the correspondence and papers of his parents, Dr. Thomas and Cora Coole.
The Arthur and Ella Coole collection is divided into eighteen series, with one (0.25m) box that assimilates all oversize items in the collection.
Series I: Outgoing Correspondence occupies Box 1 and one-half of Box 2 and is arranged chronologically to cover the period 1909 to 1974. These letters include the entire range of Rev. and Mrs. Coole’s personal and business affairs.
Series II: Incoming Correspondence, the largest series of the collection, fills the other half of Box 2 through Box 5 and is arranged alphabetically by addressor’s last name. Of particular importance here are the letters from Frank Cartwright, Director of the U.S. Board of Foreign Missions, and those from Rev. Coole’s brother and sister-in-law, Rev. Douglas and Polly Coole.
Series III: Scrapbook contains Rev. and Mrs. Coole’s personal scrapbook, including items from their vacation trip around the world.
Series IV: Short Article Manuscripts is a small series with some of Rev. Coole’s writing about missionary life in China and a few of his acquaintances.
Series V: Book Review Manuscripts, another small series, contains Rev. Coole’s reviews of his colleagues’ books on Chinese coinage.
Series VI: Reviews of Arthur Coole’s Chinese Coin Books consists of published reviews by other numismatologists.
Series VII: Arthur Coole’s Autobiography contains Rev. Coole’s self-published life story A Trouble Shooter for God in China.
Series VIII: Biographical Information, Arthur Coole, offers additional information about Rev. Coole's personal history.
Series IX: Miscellaneous Essays includes short essays and addresses from colleagues and acquaintances paying tribute to Rev. Coole.
Series X: Travel Accounts and Receipts provides complete information about all of the financial circumstances surrounding Rev. and Mrs. Coole's voyages between China and the U.S.
Series XI: Publicity offers catalogs and informational pamphlets from the Hui Wen Academy, including sales papers for the many items students manufactured in order to earn funds from overseas.
Series XII: Instructional Materials consists of manuals, worksheets, applications and guidelines for those applying to work as Methodist missionaries.
Series XIII: Minutes from Missionary Meetings includes the details from administrative meetings of the Board of the Division of Foreign Missions.
Series XIV: Field Newsletters contains quarterly reports about missionary activity that were published and circulated among Methodist churches in the U.S.
Series XV: Miscellaneous Papers contains random reports and immigration paperwork related to Rev. Coole’s work with the Board of Foreign Missions.
Series XVI: T.H. and Cora Coole Papers concerns information about the personal lives and work of Rev. Coole’s parents, who also served as missionaries for the Methodist church in China.
Series XVII: Incomplete Letters consists of fragments of letters that were inassimilable with a larger series.
Series XVIII: Oversize Items includes various legal-sized items from throughout the collection. Of particular significance here are the papers related to the North China Conference, which include budgetary information and Field Committee Reports.
Restrictions on Access :
Collection is open to the public.
Collection must be used in Special Collections & University Archives Reading Room.Restrictions on Use :
Property rights reside with Special Collections & University Archives. Copyright resides with the creators of the documents or their heirs. All requests for permission to publish collection materials must be submitted to Special Collections & University Archives. The reader must also obtain permission of the copyright holder.
Archival material may contain materials with sensitive or confidential information that is protected under federal and/or state right to privacy laws and other regulations.
Researchers are advised that the disclosure of certain information pertaining to identifiable living individuals represented in this collection without the consent of those individuals may have legal ramifications (e.g. a cause of action for invasion of privacy may arise if facts concerning an individual's private life are published that would be deemed highly offensive to a reasonable person) for which the University of Oregon assumes no responsibility.
If a researcher finds sensitive personal information in a collection, please bring it to the attention of the reading room staff.Preferred Citation :
[Identification of item], Arthur and Ella Coole Papers, Ax 793, Special Collections & University Archives, University of Oregon, Eugene, Oregon.
Collection is organized into the following series:
Series I. Outgoing correspondence
Series II. Incoming correspondence
Series III. Scrapbook
Series IV. Short article manuscripts
Series V. Book review manuscripts
Series VI. Reviews of Arthur Coole's Chinese coin books
Series VII. Arthur Coole's autobiography
Series VIII. Biographical information, Arthur Coole
Series IX. Miscellaneous essays
Series X. Travel accounts and receipts
Series XI. Publicity
Series XII. Instructional materials
Series XIII. Minutes from missionary meetings
Series XIV. Field newsletters
Series XV. Miscellaneous papers
Series XVI. T.H. and Cora Coole materials
Series XVI, Subseries A. Outgoing correspondence
Series XVI, Subseries B. Incoming correspondence
Series XVI, Subseries C. Biographical material
Series XVI, Subseries D. Poems by T.H. Coole
Series XVII. Incomplete letters
Detailed Description of the Collection